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Setting forth the Origin and History of 
Christian Hymns of all Ages and Nations 

Edited by 




First Edition January, 1892 

Second Revised Edition with New Supplement June, 1907 

This new Dover Edition first published in 1957, is an unabridged 
and unaltered republication of the Second and last Revised Edition. 
The original work appeared as one volume but is now bound as 
two. It is published through special arrangement with John Murray. 

^Manufactured in the United States of America 



II. List of Contributors . 

III. List op Manuscripts . 

IV. Abbreviations . 
Y. Dictionary : A-Z. 

VI. C koss Reference Index to First Lines in English, French, 
German, Greek, Latin, and other Languages 

See also 
VII. Index of Authobh, Tb ujslators, Ac. , 

See alto 
VIII. Appendix, Part I.: A-Z. Late Articles . 
IX. „ Part II. : A-Z. Additions and Corrections 
X. New Supplement, with (a) Index of First Lines, and 
(6) Index of Authors and Translators, to Appendix, 
Parts I. and II., and the New Supplement . 


. yii-i 
xv, xvi 
rvii, xviii 




Since the publication of this Dictionary of Hymnohgy in 1892, hymnologioal 
studies have made great strides in many directions, and interest therein has 
led to the issue of many -works on hymns and hymn-writers. Some of these 
productions are of an elementary character, others are of striking value, 
and all bear witness to the catholicity and importance of this branch of 
sacred study. 

2. In addition numerous Hymn Books of an official, quasi-official, and un- 
denominational character have been published in various countries, especially 
in Great Britain and America. These collections contain matter hitherto 
unknown to the general public, the authorship, origin, and history of which are 
regarded as of supreme importance by the hymnological student, and of 
general interest to the Christian Church in all lands. 

3. Fifteen years have also made great inroads in the ranks of Authors 
and Translators, and brought into prominence many hymn-writers and others 
whose work is of a valuable and enduring character. 

4. When, therefore, the original edition of this Dictionary was exhausted 
in 1904, it was decided that, instead of issuing a reprint from the stereotyped 
plates as a second edition, advantage should be taken of the opportunity to 
revise the whole work, and to bring it up to date. 

5. Although the book was stereotyped after the printing of the first Edition, 
yet the few errors in names and dates which were discovered in the text have 
been corrected and a certain amount of new matter has been added. 

6. The most valuable and important part of the new Edition, however, is 
the New Supplement, in which are embodied many new features. In this the 
contents of the principal hymnals which have been issued during the past 
fifteen years are annotated ; biographical notices of Authors and Translators 
are given; the history of National and Denominational hymnody has been 
extended to the present time; and new Indices have been included. The 
subject-matter contained herein has been arranged to secure the greatest 
amount of information in the least possible space. To insure success in the 
use of this work the student should refer, in the first instance, to pp. 1-1306; 
1525-1597 ; and 1599-1729, and consult them in alphabetical order. Failing 
to find what he requires he must pass on to the Cross Reference Indices : for 
First Lines, to pp. 1307-1504 ; and 1730-1760 : and for Authors and Trans- 
lators, to pp. 1505-1521 ; and 1761-1768. 

( viii ) 

7. The task of amassing the information necessary for fulness of detail and 
accuracy has been great, but it has been lightened considerably by the aid 
given, willingly and cheerfully, by a large body of correspondents, to whom 
personal acknowledgment has been made for their generous assistance. 

8. It is again a privilege and a duty to record with gratitude the-co-operation 
of the Contributors whose signatures are appended to their respective articles, 
amongst whom the Eev. James Meakns, M.A., the Assistant Editor, is the 
most important. His minute and careful research in all departments of 
hymnological literature has greatly enriched the New Supplement, and con- 
tributed much towards its general accuracy and fulness of detail. 

Topclifpi! Vicarage, 
Jul*. WOT. 


The first pages of this " Dictionary of Hymnology, Setting forth the Origin 
and History of Christian Hymns of all Ages and Nations, with special 
referenoe to those oontained in the Hymn Books of English-speaking 
Countries," were completed more than ten years ago. Since that time, 
there has been a constant and rapid production of official and quasi- 
official hymn books of great importance in all English-speaking countries. 
To meet this emergency, and to make this work both trustworthy and 
exhaustive, constant revisions and additions were imperatively called for, 
which have considerably enlarged the work and delayed its publication. 

2. Hymnological works, both historical and critical, and in several lan- 
guages, have also been published during the same period. A careful study 
of these works — many of which are by distinguished scholars and experts 
in the various languages and departments — and a laborious and critical testing 
of their contents, have consumed a vast amount of time, with the result of 
great practical advantage to the Dictionary as a whole. 

3. The Appendix (Parts I. and II.) also became a necessity; and, together 
with the "Cross Eeference Index to First Lines" (pp. 1307-1504), the 
"Index of Authors, &c." (pp. 1505-1521), and the "Supplemental Index" 
to each (pp. 1593-1616), must be carefully consulted by the hymnological 

4. Where it could possibly be avoided, nothing has been taken at second- 
hand. Minute technical accuracy has been aimed at, and, after great labour 
and inevitable delay, has, it is hoped, in most instances, been attained. 
The pursuit of this aim has very frequently demanded, for the production of 
one page only, as much time and attention as is usually expended on 
one hundred pages of ordinary history or criticism. 

5. The MSS. used in this work number nearly ten thousand, and 
include (1) those in the great public libraries of Europe and America; 
(2) those in private hands; (3) those in the possession of the Assistant 
Editor ; and (4) those of the Editor. 

6. The Books, Magazines, Newspapers, Broadsheets, &c, collated and 
examined, have been too numerous to count. The Editor's collection of 
MSS., Books, Pamphlets, &c, will, on the publication of this work, become 
the property of the Church House, where they will be available for 

7. The total number of Christian hymns in the 200 or more languages 
and dialects in which they have been written or translated is not less than 
400,000. When classified into languages the greatest number are found to 
be in German, English, Latin, and Greek, in the order named. Other 
languages are also strongly represented, but fall far short of these in extent 
and importance. The leading articles on National and Denominational 
hymnody given in this work furnish a clear outline of the rise and develop- 

( X ) 

raent of this mass of hymn writing. Arranged chronologically they set 
forth the periods when hymn-writing began in various languages, and the 
subjects which engaged the attention of the writers. It will be found that 
whilst the earliest hymns, as the Magnificat, the quotations in the Pastoral 
Epistles, Ac, are in Greek, it required less than 170 years for the addition of 
Syriac to be made to the roll of languages. Latin followed in another 200 
years. In another 50 years, the first notes in Early English were heard. 
German was added in the 9th cent. ; Italian in the 13th oent. ; Bohemian 
in the 15th cent., and others later, until the roll numbers over 200 languages 
and dialects. Careful attention to the chronology of the subject will also 
bring out the facts, that whilst Clement of Alexandria (p. 238) was singing 
in Greek, Bardesanes (p. 1109) was inspiring his followers in Syriac, later 
on we find that the finest of the early poets were writing contemporaneously 
— Gregory of Nazianzus (p. 468) and Synesius (p. 1108) in Greek; St. 
Ambrose (p. 56), Prudentius (p. 914), and St. Hilary (p. 522) in Latin; and 
Ephraem the Syrian (p. 1109) in Syriac Still later, as the roll of languages 
is increased, the grouping of names, countries and languages within given 
periods, will yield rich materials for the use of the historian and the divine. 

8. In the following pages are set forth the countries where, the periods 
when, the languages in which, and in many instances, the men by whom 
the doctrines and ritual teachings and practices of Christianity were first 
enshrined in song ; aud by whom and in what languages and countries the 
greatest developments have taken place. 

9. English readers especially will find that one of the leading features 
of this Dictionary is the effort made to bring this mass of historical, 
biographical, doctrinal, devotional, and ritual matter as fully as possible 
within the grasp of those who are acquainted with no other language but 
their own. Linguistically the English language is the key-note of this 
work, and tbe hymns contained in the hymn-books of English-speaking 
countries, and now in Common Use, are its basis. 

10. Personal acknowledgment has been made with deep gratitude to more 
than one thousand correspondents for valuable assistance rendered by them 
in the production of this work. In addition to the Contributors whose 
signatures are appended to their respective articles, special reference has to 
be made to the assistance of Miss Stevenson in compiling the " Indices 
of Authors, Translators, &c" ; to the invaluable services of Mb. W. T. 
Brooke, whose acquaintance with early English hymnody is unrivalled ; to 
Major G. A. Crawford, the compiler of tbe elaborate and complete " Indices 
of Cross Beference to First Lines, &c.," whose aid in revision from the 
first, and whose technical acquaintance with and accuracy in correcting 
the Press have been of eminent value; and to the Bet, James Mearns, 
whose assistance has been so extensive, varied, and prolonged, as to earn 
the unsolicited and unexpected, but well deserved and cheerfully accorded 
position of Assistant Editor of this work. 

VTixcobask Vicahase, 
December, 1891. 


W. H. M. H. A. Eev. W. H. M. H. AITKEN, M.A., General Superintendent 
of the Church Parochial Mission Society, and Canon 
Residentiary of Norwich. 

H. L. B. Rev. E. LEIGH BENNETT, M.A., Prebendary of Lincoln 

Cathedral, and sometime Rector of Thrybergh, Yorkshire. 

L. F. B. Rev. L. P. BENSON, D.D, Editor of the authorised 

Hymnals, Ac, of the General Assembly of the Presby- 
terian Chinch in the United States, and other works. 

J. T. B. Rev. J. T. BINGLEY, L.R.A.M., F.G.O., sometime Precentor 

of Worksop Abbey Church, 

F. M. B. Rev. F. M. BIRD, MA, Professor of Rhetoric and 

Christian Evidences, Lehigh University, United States 
of America. 

W. J. B. W. J. BIRKBECK, MA., of Magdalen College, Oxford. 

J. B. Rev. JAMES BONAR, M.A, Greenock, Joint Editor of 

the Scottish free Church Bymn Booh and of the Borne 
and School Hymnal. 

W. T. B. WILLIAM T. BROOKE, Walfchamstow, London. 

J. B. Rev. JOHN BROWNLIE, Minister of the Presbyterian 

United Free Church, Portpatrick, and Author of Hymns 
of (he Greek Church, Translated, with Introduction and 
Notes, and other works. 

D. B. Rev. DAWSON BURNS, D.D, Secretary of the United 

Kingdom Alliance. 

J. D. C. J. D. CHAMBERS, MA, F.S.A. (Late), Recorder of New 

Sarnm ; Editor and Translator ; The Psalter, or Seven 
Ordinary Bours . . . of Sctrum ; and The Hymns, &c. ; 
Lauda Syon, &c 

Wm. C. Rev. WILLIAM COOKE, M.A, F.S.A. (Late), Hon. Canon 

of Chester Cathedral; Joint Editor of The Church 
Hymnal and of The Bymnary. 


T. G. C. Rev, T, G. CRIPPEN, Librarian at the Congregational Hall, 

Farringdori Street, London, and Author of Ancient 
Bymns and Poems Translated from the Latin, and other 






, D. 









S. G. 

( ■ III ) 

J. D. Rev. JAMES DAVIDSON, B.A., Vicar of St. Paul's, 

Bristol ; Author of Proper Psalms for Certain Days, &c. 

Rev. J. LEWIS DAVIES, Rector of Llaneigrad, N. Wales. 

Rev. VALENTINE D. DAVIS, B.A., Bometime Minister of 
the Ancient Chapel of Toxteth, Liverpool ; Editor of 
the Inquirer. 

J. C. EARLE, B.A., Oxford (Late). 

Rev. F. J. FALDING, D.D. (Late), Principal of the Congre- 
gational United College, Bradford. 

The Right Rev, EDGAR C. S. GIBSON, D.D., Lord Bishop 

of Gloucester. 

A. E. G. Rev. A. E. GREGORY, D.D., Principal of the Wesleyan 

Children's Home and Orphanage ; Author of the 
Fernley Lecture i The Hymn-Booh of the Modern Church, 
&c. ; and Editor of Tfie Preacher's Magazine. 

A. B. G. Rev. A. B. GROSART, D.D., LL.D. (Late), Editor of The 

Fuller Worthies' Library; The Chertsey Worthies 
Library ; The Works of Spenser, &c, and Author of 
Three Centuries of Hymns, &c. 

M. C. H. M. C. HAZARD, Ph.D., Editor of the Congregational 

Publication Society, Boston, U.S.A. 

J. A. H. Rev. J. ALEXANDER HEWITT, D.C.L., Rector of 

Worcester, South Africa, and Author of The Dutch 
Hymnal for Use in the Province of South Africa, &c. 

T. H. Rev. THOMAS HELMORE, M.A. (Late), Priest in Ordinary 

of H.M. Chapels Royal ; Musical Editor of the Hymnal 

W. G. H. Rev. W. GARRETT HORDER, Editor of Congregational 

Hymns ; The Poets' Bible, &c. ; and Author of The 
Hymn Lover, &c. 

J. J. Rev. JOHN JULIAN, D.D., the Editor. 

J. M. Rev. JAMES MEARNS, M.A., Vicar of Rushden, Bunting- 

ford, Assistant Editor. 

J. T. M. Rev. J. T. MUELLER, Diaconus and Historiographer of 

the Brethren's Unity, Herrnhut, Germany. 

W. R. M. Rev. W. RIGBY MURRAY, M.A., Manchester, Editor of 

Church Praise ; School Praise % and The Revised Psalter. 

C. L. N. Rev. C, L. NOYES, D.D., Joint Editor of Tim Pilgrim 

Hymnal, Boston, U.S. A., &c. 

( xiii ) 

J. H. 0. Rev. J. H. OVERTON, D.D. (Late), Prebendary of Lincoln 

Cathedral, and Rector of Epworth ; Author of The 

English Church in the Eighteenth Century ; Christopher 
Wordsworth, Bishop of Lincoln, &c. 

P. S. Rev. PHILIP SCHAFF, D.D. (Late), New York. 

W. A. S. Rev. W. A. SHOULTS, B.D. (Late), of St. John's College, 


W. S. Rev. WILLIAM SMITH, Rector of Catwick, Hull. 

G. J. S. OEOEGB JOHN STEVENSON, M.A. (Late), Author of 

The Methodist Hymn Book, illustrated with Biography, 
History, &c. ; Hymns and Hymn Writers of every Age 
and Nation. 

W. R. S. Rev. W. R. STEVENSON, M. A. (Late), Editor of T!ie Baptkt 

Hymnal; The School Hymnal, &c. 

W. G. T. Rev. W. GLANFFRWD THOMAS (Late), Vicar of St. 

Asaph; sometime Vicar Choral of St, Asaph's Cathedral. 


(Late), Vicar of St. John's, Notting Hill, London, and 
Archdeacon of Middlesex ; Boyle Lecturer, &c. 

F. E. W. Rev. F. E. WARREN, B.D., F.S.A., Rector of Bardwell, 

Bury St. Edmunds ; Author of The Liturgy and Ritual 
<f the Celtic Church ; and Editor of The Leofric Missal. 

S. W. SUSANNAH WINKWORTH (Late), Translator of Theologia 


John Sabto. The Right Rev. JOHN WORDSWORTH, D.D., Lord 
Bishop of Salisbury. 

D. S. W. Rev. DIGBY S. WRANGHAM, MA. (Late), Vicar of 

Barrington, Yorkshire ; Editor and Translator of The 
Liturgical Poetry of Adam of St. Victor; and Author 
of Lyra Regis, &c. 

C. H. H.W. Rev. CHARLES H. H. WRIGHT, D.D., Ph.D„ 

Bampton Lectnrer, Oxford, 1878 ; Donnellan Lecturer, 
Dublin, 1880-81 ; and Examiner in Hebrew, in the 
University of London. 

V., Y. THE EDITOR, assisted by Various Contributors. 


The MSS. used in the preparation of this work include the following : 

I. The Bodleian. 

L Atkmolt. 

1398. xtU. 


11. itorfou. 


iii. Bo&lty. 

Iv. amenirf. 
BibL 1. sill, 

„ 30. xiiL 

„ 40. xiii. 
LuL n*. 132*. 

„ 373. XT. 

„ 100, XV. 

„ see. xii. 

„ 619. XT. 

Script. 89. xt. 

„ 131. xill. 

„ 223. XT. 

t. Moby. 

2. XtlL 

19. XlT. 

S3. xll. 

66. xiiL 

100. XlT. 

168. xiii-xiY. 

vl. Deuce. 

vli. Jimivt. 


Lat 5. 


10S3, 11. 

H. pt. 11. 

Ml, 1. 

(51, i. 

1011, 11. 
292, 1. 

886, 1- 
1041, 11 
1043, ii 

H. pt. it- 
H. pt. 11. 
H. j.t. It. 
H, pt. II. 
H. pt. 11. 
H. pt. 1L ii. 
K. pt. ii. 
H. pt. il. 
H. pt. 11. 
H. pt. 11, 
H. pt. 11. 

H. pt. 11. 
H. pt. 11. 

£33, il. 
H. pt. Ii. 
H. pt. II., 

1122, t. 

1042, 11. 
1122, 1. 

1127, 1. 
1127, i. 
1121, 1. 
1013, 1. 

MS, i. 

Lit, OS, 
Misc. 4. 

„ 216. 

„ 240. 

„ 169, 

,, 3B2. 

„ 368. 

.. 384, 





I, Latin MSS. 

1122, i. 
1139, i. 

H. pt ti. 

H. pt. 11. 
H. pt. 11. 
H. pt. 11. 
H. pt. ii. 

69J, II. 

list, II. 

685, ii, 

tx. Litarg. Mite. 
















x. ItawUmm, 

A. 420. xlU-xlr. 

B. 214. XT. 


C. 108. XT. 

c. mo. 

C. 593. 
C 039. 



1043, L 

991, IL 

39*, i. 

1002, IL 

1082, IL 

1092. 11. 

375, It. 

986, i. 

1043, 1. 


662, 11. 

1200, 11. 


866, I, 

60S, t, 

H, pt. 11. 

M. pt. tl. 
320, IL 
USB, I. 

H. pt. IL 
580, i. 

H. pt il. 

H. ptli, 

1042, ii, 

1043, L 

xl- Uniwrtity 
Hereford lUlss&l 
York Missal 

H. Britiik Jtfwetwn 

1. Additional. 

1186, It. 
1220, 11. 

1313, L 
1042, ii. 

1042, Ii. 

H. pt. ii. 







II. Aruntlet. 
201. xiiL 


III, Cotton. 


Claudius A. ill. 

Cleopatra A. U. 


., C. vl. 


Julius A. vL 

XeroA. ii. xi. 

„ E.L xL 

Titus 1>, xxvll. 

Vespasian A. i. 

D. xll. 
Vltelliua E. xvlli. 








1032, il. 
991, i. 
1215, ii. 
061, li. 
KG, It, 
1042, ii. 
H. pi. il. 
1201, t. 

H. pt. IL 

1042, II. 

1219, IL 

1213, i. 


594. IL 

1042, IL 

890, L 

(76, L 

720, 11. 

1206, IL 


1201 , II. 

057, ii. 
H. pt. ii. 

1122, ii. 

1220, I. 
1043, 1. 
B. pt. il. 
1082, 11. 

1042, IL 
1130, li. 

II. pt. ii. 

II. pt tl, 

546, ii. 
H. pt. ii. 
H. pt. ii. 
1206, ii. 
201, i. 
(40, 11. 


H. pt 11. 

1122, 11. 
1201, 1. 
705, i. 
547, i. 
1049, i. 


886, 1. 


946, IL 

3072. X. 

H. pt. 11. 




425, it. 

t, lamdoant 

3S7. XV. 



808, L 

vl, SvyaJ. 

2 A.x. 

99, 11. 

2 A. xlv. 

91, IL 

2 A. XX. 


2 B. [v. 

1042, il. 


1220, ii. 

7 A. vl. 


7 E. Ix. 

967, 11. 

SB. 1. 

1201, IL 

8 C. XiiL 

1042, IL 

III. Cambridge. 

f . t'orput C&rtili Mlttfc 


1209, 1. 

190. xl. 

H. pt. ii. 

37i. xii. 

H. pt it. 

390. XiiL 

H. pt. H. 




1042. U. 

II. St. Jo*»'» OtUtyt. 

C. IS. 1122, L 

III. Uwbxrtity Library. 
Gg. L 32. xv. H. pt II. 
Gg, t. 35. XlL H. pt. IL 

111. 1. 10. 1122,1.41213, 1. 

Nn. Iv. It. 651, 1, 

IV. Dublin. 
Trinity College E. 4, 2. 

Francixan Cmvcnt , 1120. 

V. Durham. 

A. Iv. 19. 1219, 11 

B. HI. 32. 540, 11. 

VL Lambeth. 

427. 1129, 1 
558. 21 

The MSS. in the above list include only the Latin MSS. found in British 
Libraries, and cited at pp. 1-1306 of this Dictionary. Many other MSS. 
have been examined at the British Museum, the. Bodleian, Cambridge, 
Durham, Lambeth, Lincoln, York, &c. t which are not included in this list 
because they are mostly later than 1200, and did not give results of sufficient 
importance to be referred to in the notes on the individual hymns. The 
references to H. pt. it. mean that the MSS. so marked are only mentioned 
in Pt. U. of the article Hymnarium, and in these cases the approximate dates 
of the MSS. are also given. In other- cases the references in this work 
indicate the pages where concise descriptions of the various MSS. will be 

In regard to the Latin MSS. it most be noted that the earliest and best 
only are cited in the body of the Dictionary, so that if e.g. a hymn is found 

( xvi ) » 

in a MS. of the 11th cent., later MSS., unless of special importance, are not 
mentioned, Beferencea to a large number of MSS. in Continental Libraries 
will also be found in the notes on the individual Latin hymns, and at p. 813. 
These MSS. are mostly in the Bibliothegue Nationah and the Arsenal at Paris 
the SUftsbibliothek at St, Gall, the Vatican Library at Rome, the Ambrosiart 
at Milan, the Royal Libraries at Berlin and Munich, and the Libraries at 
Wolfenbiittel, Darmstadt, Einsiedeln, Zurich, &c. Besides these, various 
MSS. found in other libraries are cited through the works of Daniel, If one 
and Dreves. 

II. English MSS. 

The English MSS. which have been largely used in this work, and 
especially by -the Editor in the unsigned articles and those with his signa- 
ture appended thereto, include the following groups : — 

1. C. MSS. R. Campbell's MSS. Property of Mrs. E. Campbell, 

2. D. MSS. P. Doddridge's MSS. Property of the Booker family. 
8. E. MSS. The Editor's MSS. Property of the Church House. 

4. G. MSS. T. H. QilVs MSS. Property of the Church House. 

5. H. MSS. W. J. Mall's MSS. Property of the Hall family. 

6. Hav. MSS. The Bavergal'MSS. Property of the Havergal family. 

7. Mid. MSS. A. Midlane's MSS. Property of the Church House. 

8. M. MSS. J. Montgomery's MSS. Property of J. H. Brammall, Esq. 
&. R. MSS. T. Raffles'* MSS. Property of the Raffles family, 

10. S. MSS. D. Sedgwick's MSS. Property of the Church House, Westminster. 

11. Sc. MSS. Elizabeth Scott's MSS. Property of Yale University, U.S.A. 


In this Mctionaiy nearly eight hundred abbreviations bare been need, ur tnese a large 
proportion are self-evident, and others, being in common nee, are not repeated here. In this 

Of these a ]arg 

proportion are seii-enaent, and others, being in common nee, are not repeated here. Ii 
Table, therefore, those only are given which are for the most part peculiar to this work. 

In several instances -paifet are given instead of explanations. This has been done because 
the details given on the pages indicated are not only too fall for repetition, but are also of 
great value to the Header. See also Supplemental List on p. iviii. 

A. B, C. See p, MB, ii. 
A. B. M. See p. 788, H, 
A. H. (Wetzel'*). See p. 1118, li, 

A. M.E. See p. 788, ii. 
A. F. M. See p. 788, ii. 
A. Y, Authorized Version. 

A. d" M. Ancient and Modern. 
Ad/l. Additional. 

Aesl. Aestiva. 

Al/ord. Seep. 38, ii. 

Alb). Devtache Biotj. See p. rriiL 1. 

Atfj. G. B. See pp. 183, i, ; 111, ii 

Amer. Ger. American German. 

Anth. Groee. Corm. Chritt. See p, 146, a. 

Appx. Appendii. 

Aufj. Augustine. 

Aid. Autumnal is. 

B. iff. British Musenm. 
B. iff. 8. See p. 788, ii. 

B. MSS. Brooke MSS., p. 184, L 

B. 7. M. ' Blessed Virgin Mary. 
Bap. H. Bk. Baptist Hymn Book. 
Bap. Byl. Baptist Hymnai. 
Barry. See p. 840, ii. ' 

Battler. See p. MB, i. *. 

Bamftktr. See p, irili. 1. 

Bibl. Nat. Bibjiotheque Nationale. 

Bode. See p. 1888, 11. 

Brev. Breviary. 

Brit. Mag. British Magazine. 

BrUder G. B. See p. 788, ii. 

BuTTage. See p. 1818, L 

C. B. Chorale Book. 
C. M. 8. See p. 788, U. 

C. MSS. Campbell MSS. See pp. xvi. ; KM, 

C. P. & H. Bit. See Mereer. 

C. Q, B. Church Quarterly Review. 

C. U. Common Use. 
Calig. Caligula. 
Caviander. See p. 888, i. 
Cathem Hymn. See p. 814, ii. (»), 
Ch. & Home, Church and Home. 
Ch. Nyt. Church Hymns. 
Cftope. See p. 113, 11. 

Claud. Claudius. 

CitcAtowieus. See p. M8, 11. 

Coll. Cot lection. 

Oonij. H. Ek. Congregational Hymn Book. 

D. C. District of Columbia. 

D. MSS. Doddridge MSS. Sea pp. xvL ; *U, 
IL ; 1180, i. 

Don. Thee. Hymn. See Daniel, 
Daniel. See p. 178, L 
Drenet. See p. xviii. S. 
Dujfield. See p. ISM, i, 

E. MSS. The Editor's MSS. See p. m. 

E. U. Evangelical Union. 
Ev. L. 8. See p. 887, fl. 

Evcmg. Hyl. Evangelical Hymnal. 
Evaiig. May. Evangelical Magazine, 
Evang. U. Evangelical Union. 

F. C. Free Church. 

F. C. 8. See p. 788, ii. 
Fabricitts. See p. ESS, li 
JTose. Fasciculus. 
Fischer. See p. 877, i. 

G. B. Gesang-Buch. 

G. E. L. German Evangelical Lutheran. 
G. L. S. See p. eSS, ii. 
G. MSS. Gill MSS. See pp. xvi.; 411, i. 
Qaedeke't Grundria*. See p. 1588, 1 
Go»pel May. Gospel Magazine. 

JET, A. and M. Hymns Ancient and Modern, 

H. B. 8. Henry Bradshaw Society. 

H. Bi. Hymn Book, 

H. E. C. Hymns of the Eastern Church. 

H. E. Bk. Home Hymn Book. 

H, L. L. See p. 181, ii. 

H. MSS. Hall MSS. See pp. mi. ; 481, li. 

H. Noted. Hymnal Noted. 
! Hart. Harley. 
! Norland. See p. 481, L 
| Hatfield. See p. KM, L 

' Hav. MSS. Havergnl MSS. See pp. xvL ; 488, 
ii. ; 488, i. 

fleS. Hebrew. 

fliserwnvjen. See p. xH, 4, 

Hoffmann. See p. 418, iL 

Horae Ger. See p. 788, i. 

Hy. Angl. Hymnarium Anglicanum. 

By. Comp. Hymnal Companion. 

Hymn. Saritb. Hymnarium Sarisburiense. 

Jirf. Julius. 

K. S. M. 

See p. 781, H. 
See p. 1041, I 

( xviii ) 

Kennedy. See p. 60S, L 
Koch. See p. 630, ii, 
Kb~nig»feld. See p. 888, L 
ifrattt. See p. xviiL & 

X. Jtf. S. See p. 73*, ii. 

L. S. N. See p. U1,l. 

iat. -Hjf«. Latin Hymns. 

Lejraer. See p. SIS, L 7. 

i/fr. o/ B. P. Sec p. 10M, . 

I/ufli. Ch. Bk. Lutheran Church Book. 

Luih. Byl. Lutheran Hymnal. 

Lyra Brti. Lyra Britannica, See p. 889, iL 

Ljro (?«r. Lyra Germanica, 

i[fm Sao. Anter. Lyra Sacra Americana. 

M. Jtt See p. 786, ii. 

jV. iUSS. Montgomery MSS. See pp. sri, ; 
Tea, a 

3fodon. Sec p. 70S, ii. 

Maij. Magazine. 

Mom, Massachusetts. 

Metl. Hye. Mediaeval Hymns. 

Mercer. See p. 1Z&, i. 

Meth. Epi&O. Methodist Episcopal. 

Meth. F. C. Methodist Free Church. 

Meth. H. Bb. Methodist Hymn Book. 

Mid. MSS. MidlaneMSS. Seepp.irL; TSJ,il 

Miqne. See p. 688, L it. 

Miller. See p. 7», iL 

Jlft'so. Miscellaneous. 

Mimet-Weah. See p. 1700, ii. 

Mitre. Mitre E. Bk. See p. Ml, iL 

Mone. See p. 788, L 

Morel. See p. 818, iL 

Miilzdl. See pp. zviiL 8 ; (IB, ii, 

&. B, Not dated, 
N. Cong. S. Bk. 

N. E. New England. 
N. H. New Hampshire. 
N. P. No Publisher's Name. 
If. S. New Style of dating, 
ff. T. New Testament. 
tf. V. New Version, 
N. ¥. New York. 
\ut(er. See p. 1818, 1 

0. S. Bk. See p. MS, i. 
0. 0. If. Bk. See p. 1081, ii. 
0. 8. Old Style of dating. 
0. V. Old Version. 

P. A. Pastoral Association. 
P. Bk. Prayer Book, 
Pa. Pennsylvania. 
Patrol. See p. 8*8, L 18, 
People's H. People's Hymnal. 
PMa. Philadelphia, 

New Congregational Hymn 

PP. Graee. Patrologyt Series Graeca. 
PP. Lot. Patrology : Series Latina. 
Prase. Presbyterian. 
P&, & Hy». Psalms and Hymns. 

R, C Eoman Catholic 

B. I. Rhode Island. 

J?. MSS. Raffles MSS. See pp. xvL ; 849, iL 

B. T. 8. Religious Tract Society. 

R. V. Revised Version. 

Rambach, See p. WO, i. 

Raid. Rawlinson. 

Bepertorlum. See p. IMS, L 

Rippon. See p. 984, i, 

Rom. Brev. Eoman Breviary, 

8. C. South Carolina. 

8. J. Society of Jesus. 

5. MSS. Sedgwick MSS. See pp. xri. ; 1088, ii. 

8. o/G.&G. See p. HO, ii. SO. 

S. V. C. K. Society for Promoting Christian 

8. P. G. See p. 718, a. 
8. S. H. Bk. Sunday School Hymn Book. 
8. S. U. H. Bk. Sunday School Union Hymn 

Sarum Hyl. See p. MO, iL ». 
8c. MSS. Scott (E.) MSS. See pp. zri; 1018, a 
Sel. Selection ; Selected. 
Simroek. See p. 669, L I, 
S&mner. See p. 1081, iL 
Snepp. See p. 848, iL SO. 
Stmgt o/G.iG. See p. MO, a. SS, 
Sttpp. Supplement. 
SuppL Supplemental. 

T. & B. Tate and Brady. 

Tkavtaein*. See p. xviiL 7. 

ThHwj. See p. 1178, L 

Toploty. See p, 1188, iL 

Tr. Translation; Translated, 

Trench. See pp. W5, iL ; 1188, L 

Tts. Translations. 

Tti. and Par. Translations and Paraphrases, 

U. M. United Methodist. 

U. P. United Presbyterian. 

V. S„ V. 8. A. United States of America. 

Uni. L. 8. See p. xviii. 8. 

Ver. Verna. 

Venttak. See p. 181, iL 

Ve»p, Vespasian. 

W. M. 8. See p. 7*8, U, 
Wackernurid: See p. 1830, fl. 
Wet. H. Bk. Wesleyan Hymn Book. 
Wetzel. See p. 1888, IL 
WTtiiefidd. See p. SM, i. 
Wrangham. See p, 1898, iL 


4* (Leijnig, 18T8. Sic.) of the Munich Academy of Soieucee. 
r ircKadieA in stinflt Singweinn. By W. Baumker, voL 1,, Freiburg in Baden, 

1, A&gtmeine Deutsche 1 

3. fiat jrathUisckt dettttcte . 
1888; it., 1S83. 

s. Analecta Bt/Bmiea Jfedii Ami. Edited by O. M. Dreves, S.J. 

A. UtteralurgtickvAte dtr evangeKBAat SSucbaUit&r. By F. P. T. Hesrwagen, vol. L, Schweinfnrth, 
1792] it., 1T97. 

S. (Je«((fc*< Liedtr in neumtlmttn JahrhtmOtrt. By Otto Kram. Gatersloh, 18)8. 

8. QtMlickt laeOtr ier tvangeUtekea Ktrcht uw den tiriueAnten und dtr errten 5S{tte dM ocattxtntm 
Jo*rAj™der«t, By Dr. J. Htltnll. Brunswick, 1868. 

I. y. J/. rAdnotti S, X. A Cardinalit Optra Omnia, vol. it.. Borne, 1T*V, oontaina • Symnaritun. 

s. Uneerfalichttr JjM»rttgtn. Berlin, 1851. Edited hy Q. C. H. Stip. 



A. In Bristol Bapt. Coll. by Ash & Eymib. 
1st ctl. 176!) ; i.e. Joseph Addison. 

A. in Collycr'e OoU. 1812, this 1b the 
initial of Ann Gilbert, nee Taylor. 

A. C. C, in the Hymnary. "A Cheater 
Canon ;" i.e. Canon William Cooke. 

A. K. B. G. in the Aiinw Hymnal, I860 ; 
to. A. K. B. Granville. 

A. L. P. a nora de plume of Dr. Little- 
dale's in tho PeopWt H. ; i.e, " A London 

A. I* W. in various Collections ; i.e. Anna 
L. Waring. 

A EL Q., i.e. jinna iifaria GfennjV. [Smith, 
nee ainuue] in Thrupp's P». * ify»., 1853. 

A. R. Initials adopted by George Buidei 
in tho Gotpel Magazine. 

A- E. O. In Tft# Sermee o/ Praise, by J, 
H. Wilson ; Le. Annt Bote Coutin, nie Cundell. 

A. B. T. in the Amerioan Dutch Beforined 
Hot. of the Church, 1869; i.e. the Bev. 
Alexander Banuay Thompson, s j>. 

A XL W, in the Amer. Bapt. Praite Book, 
1871 ; i.e. A. B. Wolfe. 

A T„ l.e. Adelaide Thrupp, in Thrnpp's 
Pt. & Hymnt, 1833. 

A. T. B. in F». & Swung, by the Bev. A, T. 
Russell, 1851, are the initials of the Editor, 

A y. in the Gospel Magazine, is the 

nom de plume of Job Ifapton. It stands for 
Ashby, the parish in which he lived. 

A beautiful land by faith I see. 
[Heaven.'] Given Anon, in the Amer. Shining 
Star, N. IT. 1862, No. 74 in 4 st. of 4 L and 
chortiB, and entitled, " The beautiful land." 
It is in extensive nee in America, and is 
found also in a few English 8. S. collections. 
In S. Booth's 8. S. H. Bk„ Brooklyn, U.S., 
1863, it is credited to "J. Hall." 

A car of fire is on the air. W. W. 
HiiU. [Death and Burial.'] Contributed to 
Wb Coll. of Hyt. for Gen. Vte, commonly 

known as A Churchman't Hymnt, 1833. No. 2, 
iu 3 st. of 6 L In 1863 it was reprinted with- 
out alteration, in Kennedy, No. 1 176. 

A charge to keep I have. C. Wetley. 
{Pergonal Reqtoiwibility.] 1st pub. in his 
Short Hymnt on Select Pattaget of Holy Scrip- 
ture, 1762, vol, i., No. 188, in 2 st. of 8 1. and 
based on Lev. viii. 35. It was omitted from 
the 2nd ed. of the Short Hymn*, 4c, 1794, but 
included in the Wet. H. Bit. 1780, aud in the 
P. Worla of J. * C. Weiley, 1868-72, vol, ix„ 
pp. 60, CI. Its use has been most extensive 
both in G. Brit, and America, and usually it 
is given in an unaltered form, as in the Wei. 
H. Bk. No, 318; and the Jfrww. Hymnal, 
N. York, No. 320. The line, " tfrom youth 
to hoary age," in the Amer. Prof. Episcop. Hyi, 
No. 471, is from the Amer. 1>. Bh. OoU., 1826. 

A children's temple here we build. 

J. Montgomery. [The Erection of « Sunday 
School] This hymn was written for tho 
opening of the first Sunday Seliool building 
in Winoobank, Sheffield. Tho us. — which 
is in the Winoobank Hall Collection of 
ubs.— is dated "December IS, 1840," and 
signed " J. M." The building was opened on 
the 13th of April, 1841, tho hymn being 
printed on a fly-leaf for the occasion. In 
1853, Montgomery included it in his Original 
Hymnt, No. 313, in 6 st, of 4 1. and entitled 
it "The erection of a Sunday School," In 
the Meth 8. 8. H. Bit. 1870, No. 512, si iv. 
is omitted, and slight changes are also intro- 
duced. Orig. text in Orig. Hyt., 1858, p. 333. 
The hymn by Mrs, Gilbert, nee Ann Taylor, 
" We thank tho Lord of heaven and earth," 
was ulso written for, arid sung on, the same 
occasion. This hymn has not come into C. U, 

A day, a day of glory. J. M. Neale. 
[CArwtmas.l A carol written expressly for 
E. Bedding s Antient Chrittmat Carole, 1860. 
It is No. 6 of the "Christmas Carols," in 4 st. 
of 8 1. In 1867 it was reprinted iu the People'* 
H,. No. 29. 

A debtor to mercy alone. A. IU. Top- 
lady. [Attarance of Faith.] Contributed to 
the Gotpel Magazine, May, 1771, in 3 st. or 
8 1., and included in Toplftdy's P». * Hyt, 
1776, No. 313, with the alteration, st. i., 1. i, 
of "ottering" to "offerings." In I860 the 
I 1771 text was included iu Sedgwick's reprint 


of Toplady's Hymns, &c, p. 140. In the older 
collections it whs in most extensive use, 
both in the Ch. of England and with mauy of 
the Nonconformist bodies, but it is now very 
KcniTally omit led from modem collections in 
(t. Brit., although in America it still holds a 
prominent position. 

A few more years shall roll. H.Bmar. 
[0. and N. Year,"] Written about the year 
1812, and first printed on a fly-loaf for use by 
the niL'inbra of his congregation on a Now 
Year's Day. In 1844 it was pub. in No. 2 
of bia Sang* for the WHdemc**, again in the 
lat series of Jig*, of Faith and hope, 1857, 
p. 101 ; and Inter cds. It is in 6 st. of 8 1., 
B.H., and entitled, "A Pilgrim's Song." Its 
use in all English-speaking countrios, either 
in its full, or in nu abbreviated form, is very 
extensive. In some cosesits exquisite refrain, 
with its delienlo changes : — 

"T]jcii, tiny Lord, prqwe 
My soul for that great day ; 
O wnsli mo in Thy prcck™ blood, 
And likt my slna an'&y," 

is omitted, nud it is thereby robliod of one of 
its most beautiful and striking features. 

A form of words though e'er so 
sound. J. Hart, [Kingdom of God in 
I'oicer.] 1st pub. in bis lhjmns composed on 
Variou* SuJgects, 1750, No, 90, in 8 st of 4 1. 
and based on i. Cor. iv. 20. " For tbo king- 
dom of God is not in word, but in power." 
In 1780, with slight alterations and the omis- 
sion of st. vi. and vii.and the transposition of 
iv. and v. it was given in the Lady II. Coll. 
No. 05, and from thenoo has passed into a 
Hunted number of ultro-Calvimetio hymnals, 

A fountain of Life and of Grace. 

C. Wesley, [Living Water.'] let pub. in his 
Slvrrt Hymn*, 17ti2, vol. ii., No. 806, in 2 st. of 
8 1., and based on Bov. xjcii. 17, In ,1780 it 
was inoludod in the Wee. II. Bk,, No. 77, and 
lias been repeated in later eds. P. Works, 
1868-72, vol. xiii. p. 240. It has also passed 
into most of the collections of the Methodist 
bodies, and is also found in other hymnals in 
G. Itrit. and America. 

A Friend there is ; your voices join. 

J. Sinain, [Jesus the Friend,'] Appeared 
OS ouo of two hymns in Ins Experimental 
Essays on Divine Subjects, Lond. 1791, pp. 
85-87, with the note "The two following 
pieces were occasioned by the death of an 
only son.'' The second piece is: — "When 
Jesus, both of God and Man," In 1792 he 
included the former in his Walworth Hys., 
in 10 st. of 4 1., and from thence it has 
passed into several collections, mainly those 
of the Baptists, but inoluding also other Non- 
conforming bodies and a limited number in 
the Cii. of England. In America it is almost 
unknown. Orig. text, Lyra Brit., 1867, pp, 

A fulness resides in Jesus our Head. 

J, Faweett [Fulness of Chritt], 1st pub, in his 
Hymns adapted to the Ciwumstances of Pub. 
Worship and Friv. Devotion, 1782, No. 96; in 
£ st. of 8 1. This was reprinted hi Eippou's 


Set., 1787, No. 150, and from thence passed 
into various eolloctions in G. Brit, and Ame- 
rica. Orig. text in Bap. Ps. & Uys., 1858-80. 

A glance from heaven, with sweet 
effect. J. Newton. [Lightning.] This hymn, 
dealing with the moral and spiritual thoughts 
suggested by " Lightning in tho night," ap- 
peared in the Gospel Magazine, April, 1775, 
in tbo Oliiey Hymns, 1779, Bit. ii., No. 84, in 
7 st. of 4 1,, and later ods. It is No. 301 of 
Martinoau's lit/*., &c, 1840-1851, and 429 in 
J. H. Thorn's Hymns, 1858. 

A glory in the word we find. [Holy 
Scriptures.] A cento given in J. Campbell'* 
Comprehensive H. Bk., Lond,, 1837, No. 837, 
in 4 st. of 4 1., from whence it has passed, 
unaltered, into a few Amcrioan hymnals. A 
part of this cento is from W. Hum's Coll., 
3rd ed., 1833, No. 435. It is not in C. U. in 
G. Brit. [W. T. B.] 

A good High Priest is come. J. Cennich. 
f Priesthood of Christ.] 1st pub. in Pt. iii. of 
his Sacred Ilymns for the Use of Religions So- 
cieties, Lon., 1744, No. exxi. in st. of 6 1,, 
pp. 196-198. In 1753 G. Whitoftold included 
b£ i. ir. v. vi. and is. in his (Ml. of Hye., No. 
xliv,, and it was retained in subsequent cds. 
This srrarigoment, with slight alterations, was 
ropub. in Rippon's Sel. 1787, No. 190, and 
later cds., and from thence lias passed into 
other collections in G. Brit, and America. In 
some works it is still further abbroWntcd. 
Orig. text in Lyra Brit,, 1867, p. 134. 

A helm upon my brow I wear. S. J. 

Stone. [Christian jirmoMr.] Contributed to 
his poems, The Knightof Intercession,&o.,lS12, 
in 4 st. of 4 1., from whence it passed into P. J. 
Richardson's Lent Manual for Busy Feople, 
&a., 1884, p. 64. Also repeated in the author's 
Carmina Consecrata, 1884. 

A little child the Saviour came. IF, 

Robertson, [Holy Baptism.] Contributed fo 
the Scot. ICstab. Ch. Hymns for Pub. Worship, 
1861, and repub. in their Scottish Hymnal, 
1870,,No. 181, in 5 st. of 4 1. In the American 
collections it has attained to a more extensive 
use than in these in G. Brit., but in every 
case, as in Hatfield's Ch. H. Bk., 1872, the 
Hys.& Songs of Praise, 1874, the Fres.Hymiwd, 
Phil., 1874, and ethers, it is attributed in ei-ror 
to the elder W. Robertson, who was associated 
with the Scottish Trs, and Far. of 1745. 

A Uttle flock ! So calls He thee. H. 

Bonar. [Church of Christ] A poem, in 13 
st. of 4 1. on the Church as " The Little Flock." 
It appeared in the 1st series of his Hymns of 
Faith and Hope, 1857; and later ods. ta 
Kennedy, 1863, No. 1404, it is re-arranged in 
three parte: (1) "Church of the everlasting 
Goi";(2)«Alittlofloek! So calls He thee": 
(3) " A little flock ! 'Tis well, 'tis well." In 
tho American Manual of Praise, 1880, there 
is a cento beginning with tho 1st stanza, and 
in the College and other hymn-books a second, 
as " Church of the Everiiving God," 

A little lamb 'went straying. A. Mid- 
lane. [Children's Hymn.] Written in Jan., 


1859, and first printed in the March No. of 
the Good New* Magatine, 1860, 5 st. of 8 1. 
In 1861 it passed into the H. Bk. for Youth, 
No. 13, and subsequently into other collections, 
but mainly those tor children. 

A little Bhip was on. the sea. Dorothy 
A. Thrupp. [Peace."] Contributed to Mrs. 
H. Mayors Sel. of Hymn*, &c, 2nd ed., 1610, 
in st of 4 ]., entitled " The Little Ship 
on the Wiivos," and signed "». a, t." As a 
hymn for children it is most popular, and ia 
found in numerous collections both in G. Brit, 
and America, 

A little while and every fear, B, K. 
Greville. [Private Use.] 1st printed in 2%e 
Amethyst, Edin. Oliphant, 1884, and again in 
The Church of Eng. H. Bk., &e., 1838, No. 592, 
in 3 Bt. of-8 1., and entitled "The Believer 
waiting for the Lord." In 1863 it was in- 
cluded with alterations in Kennedy, No. 783 ; 
but its use is not extensive, outside the col' 
lections of the Plymouth Brethren, 

A little while-7-onr Lord shall come, 
J. G. Beak. [Advent.] Appeared in the Ap~ 
pendtetoHys.fortke Poor of the Flock, 1841, 
In 4 st of 6 I., and later collections of the 
Plym. Brethren. It passed into Dr. Walker's 
Cheltenham Colt., 1855 ; Snepp's Songs of Q. 
A G., 1872, and others. Orig. text in Snepp, 
withst. i. 1. 4, ''hath gone" for "fc<wgone/ r 

A look to Jesus saves the soul A. 

Midlanc [Jesus only.] Written in March, 
1862, and 1st pub. in his Gospel Echoes, 1865. 
No. 101, in 5 st. of 4 L from whence it passed 
into Lord A. Oecil's Canadian Hymn Book for 
Go»pet Meetings, Ottawa, 187 1, No. 17, Broom's 
Good NeiPi H. Bk., 1883, and others of a 
similar kind. 

A mighty mystery we set forth, ff. 
Bawson. [Holy Baptism,] Written in 1S57, 
and 1st pub. in the Bapt. Ft, <fc Hys., 1858-80, 
No. 695, in 4 st of 4 1. It is based on Bom, 
vi 8, "Baptized into His death," Ate Its use 
is limited. 

A mourning class, a vacant seat 
[Death of a Scholar.] Appeared anonymously 
in the Amer. Union Hymns, PhiL S. S. U., 
1835, No. 285, in 9 st. of 4 1., and headed 
" Death of a Scholar." It has been repeated 
in later editions of the Union Hys., and is in 
extensive use in America. In G. Brit. It has 
been adopted by a few 8. S. hymn-hooks onlv. 
Orig. text, Meth. F. 0. 8. 8. H. Bk. t 1869, 
No. 358, with (fie for Ms in st. ii. 1. 2. 

[W. T. B.] 

A nation God delights to bless. C. 
Wesley, [National PeaeeJ The second of two 
hymns on Job xxxiv. 29, 1st pub. in his Short 
Hymns, &c., 1762, vol. i., No. 771, in 2 st. 
of 6 1., in 2nd ed„ 1794, and in P. Worts, 
1868-72, vol. ix. p. 268. It was included in 
the Wes. H. Bk., 1780, No. 454, and retained 
in new ed. 1875, No. 466. 

A Fatre Unigenitus. Anon. [Epi- 
phany,] Daniel, in vol. i. 1841, and later ed. 



No. 210, gives only the first four linos of 
this hytnn as belonging to a hymn for the 
Feiist of the Epiphany, of uncertain author- 
ship, date between the 10th and 18th cen- 
turies. In the ancient Mas. in the British 
Museum, however, this hymn is found in 
throe of the 11th cent (Earl. 2961, f. 230; 
JuL A. vi. f. 366 ; Veep. D. xii. f. 431). 
In the Latin Hys. of the Anglo-Saxon Church 
(Surtees Society), 1851, p. 53, it is re- 
printed In full from a Durham us. of the 
11th cent. 

In 1853, Mone gave the full text in voL i., 
No. 59, in 6 st. of 4 1., heading it, " In 
Epiphania ad nocturnum," and added an 
extended note on the text, with references 
to a 15th cent. MS. at Stuttgart; and to Tho- 
vxasius, &c. This text, with the notes and 
an addition or two including a reference to a 
MS. of the monastery of Bheinau, of the 11th 
cost was repeated by Daniel, vol. iv. (1855), 

L151. It is also in the Hymn. Sarisb. 
ad., 1851, p. 26, as a hymn at Lauds in 
the Epiphany, and through the octave; 
where are also given the variations of York 
(used at Matins during the sumo period) ; 
of Evesham; Worcester, &o. It is also in 
Wackernagel, i., No. 173; in Card. Newman's 
Hymni Eccl., 1838-65, and others. It may 
be noticed that the original is an acrostic 
from A tp T inclusively. The Gloria, of 
course, does not follow this arrangement 

[W. A. S.] 

Translations in C. TJ, r— 

1. From God, to visit Xarth forlorn. By J. D. 
Chambers in hie Latvia Syon, Pt. 1, 1857, p. 109, 
in 6 st. of 4 ], This is given in an altered form 
eu : " From God the Father come) to earth," in 
the Appendix to the Hymnal N., No, 131, 

S. God's Bole-Begotten oamo. By R, F. little- 
date, made for, and 1st pub. ia the Peopkfs 11., 
1867, No. 44, and signed " A. L. P." 

3. Sent down by Gad to tiiis world's ftanu. By 
J. M. Neale! probably originally made for the 
Hymnal N., 1B52, as the first line in Latin 
appears in the original prospectus. Another 
Epiphany hymn was, however, given, and this 
tr. seems not to have been printed tilt the St. 
Margarets Hymnal, 1875, whence it passed 
through the Antiphaner and Grail, 1880, into 
the Hymner, 1882, No. 20. [J. J.] 

A pilgrim through this lonely world. 
Sir E. Denny. [Pa&iontide.] 1st pub. in 
his Sel. of Hymn*, Ac, 1839, No. 11, in 8 st 
of 4 1., and in his Hymns and Poems, 1848. 
It was also repub, in various collections of the 
Plymouth Brethren — including Hys. for (be 
Poor of the Flocli, 1841, and Ps. and Hys., 
Lend. Walther, 1842, Pi ii., No. 82. It is 
adopted also by Dr. Walker, in hie Cheltenham 
Coll., 1855; toe Hy. Comp>, No. 162, and 
8nopp*a 8. of G. & d„ No. 220, and a few 
others amongst the Cb. of England hymnals. 
Its principal use, however, is in America, 
where it is found in numerous collections, 
mostly in an abbreviated form, and in many 
instances attributed hi error to Dr. B'inar. 
Orig. text in Lyra Brit,, 1867, p. 183. It is 


well adapted for Holy Week, and for special 
services dwelling on the Sacrifice of Christ. 

A atnful man am L H. Bonar. [ £»«>'- 
latum.'} With the title, "Come unto Me," 
ttiia hymn appeared iu his Hymns of Faith and 
Hope, 3rd Series, 1867, in 7 st. of 4 ],, b.m. 
In Kemble's Nete Church H. Bk., 1873, it is 
given without alteration, but its use, botli in 
6. Brit and America, ia very limited. 

A soils ortua oardine. Ad usque. 

Coeliu* Sedative. [Christmas.] This hymn, 
which opens with the same first stanza as the 
next annotated herein, with the exception of 
El for " Ad " in line 2, may be distinguished 
therefrom by the second stanza, which reads ; — 

■* Bestus auctor aoecul! 
Servile corpus Indult, 
Ut anx ciiraem llberans 
Ne peiueret quos condldit. 11 

It is a poem, dating from the first half of the 
5th cent., in 23 at. of 4 L, entitled Paeatt 
Alpkalieticus de Ghritto (''A triumphal song- 
concerning Christ, arranged according to the 
letters of the alphabet.") The subject is a 
devout description of tho Life of Christ in 
verse. The full text is found in an 8th cent 
ms. in tho British Jtfugeum (mss. Beg. 2 A. sj, 
f. 50), and is also given in the numerous 
editions of Sodulins's Works (that of Faustus 
Arevalus, Borne, 1734, especially); in the 
works of Tliormsim from Vatican siss. of the 
8th and 9th cents. ; in Waekernagel, i., No. 48, 
and others. For ecclesiastical purposes it has 
been broken up into two hymns, the first 
known as A soli* oH&s eardine, and the 
second, HtotU Herodee impie, with tho Bom. 
Brev. form of the same, CradelU Heroiles, 
Deata. Following the order of this arrange- 
ment, the details are :— 

i. A eolis ortAs eardine. The text of this 
portion of the poem comprises 28 lines of the 
original (stanzas a to a, inclusive), and may be 
found in Daniel, i. No. 119, the old text and 
revised Bom. Brett, version being given in 
parallel columns, followed by various read- 
ings, Ac. It is given in the Bom. Brev., (text 
in Card. Newman's Hymni Eedeiiae, 1838) 
as the hymn at Lauds on Christmas Day ; on 
the 30th of December, the only day in the 
Octave not occupied by a Festival; on the 
Octave itself; tho Feast of the Circumcision ; 
and on the Vigil of the Epiphany. The 
doxologies in the Soman aud Saram Uses are 
no part of the original hymn. 

Thii hymn is met with In most aid Breviaries. Also 
In two >it*. of the 11th cent. In the BrititK JfuMiim 
(Hsrl. MSI, f. I2« ; end Jul. A. vl. f. Jflfc), Ac, In the 
Latin Hut. of the. AnglfSsDM Cktmh, 1861, p. GO, It 
la printed from a Durham us. of the 11th cent. In the 
Bvmn. Saritb., Land., issi, pp. is, is. It Is given for 
Lauds on Christmas Diy, with variations from the 
uses of rtrlt, St. Alban't, £«i)om, Woreater, Angle- 
Sasm mss. (Surteea Society, 1861), various Collec- 
tions, fcc. J*orfc assigns it ta Ijiuds and Vespers on 
<'lii»tmas Day, and Lauds on the Vigil of the 
Kniphany. So Worcetter and Evesham, with an exten- 
sion to the yeast of the Purification. Its use is thus 
wen to have hem very extensive In England. 
Daniel, lv. 144-6, gives further references of Impor- 
tance. The hymn, with the strophe h In addition. Is 
riven for Vespcia on Die Feast or the Annunciation, 
Dec IS (see (Ojeltttis ales nuntfot), in the Xbtarabie 
Brev. CMifue's Petrel^ torn. 8$, col. mil. 

tW. A. S.] 


Of this part of the poem (omitting the 
Mozarabic form) the following trs. have been 

Translations in C, U. ; — 

I, From the fai-blaadug gal* of morn. By E. 
Caswall from the Bom. Brev., 1st pub. in his 
Lyra CathoUca, 1849, in 8 at. of 4 1., 49-51, and 
again in his Hys. fy Poems, 187a, p. 27. This was 
given in the Hymnary, 1872, No. 12(5, as :— 
" From lands that aee the sun arise/ 1 the first 
line being borrowed from Dr. NeaJe's um. ver- 
sion as under. 

S. From lands that sea the sun arise, To earth's, 
to. By 3. M. Neale, from the old text, 1st pub, 
in the Hynutat N., 1852, in 3 st, of 4 1., and 
again in later editions of the same, und in other 

S. From where the eunahine hath iti birtb! By 
R. F. Littledale, made from the old text for, aud 
1st pub. in the People's H., 1867, No. 26, in 8 st. 
of 41., and signed "A. L. P." 

4. From east to wast, from ahoro to ahon. By 
J, KUerton. This is a cento of 5 st., four of 
which are from this hymn (st. i., ii., vi., vii.), 
and the last is original, written in 1870), and 
1st pub. in Ctmrch Hys., 1871, No. 78. It i> 
the most acceptable form of the tiymu for con- 
gregational use. 

Translations not in 0. U, ;— 

1. From eveiypart o'erwhlch thesun. Primer, If (K. 

2. From the faint dayspring*s, &c. Jfant, 1831, 

3. From far eunrtse at early morn. Copdand, 19*8, 

4. From the first daysprlne'a, 4c. Blew. 1653. 
fi. from climes which aee, &c. Chambrrt, 18G7, 

6. Now from the rising of the sun. Wallace, 1974. 
1. From where the rising sun, &c. F. Traggtt, 18SS. 

Other tr». of this hymn have been made 
into English through the German, thus noted 
by Mr. Mearns:— 

Christum wir aollen lohen aohon. A full and 
faithful tr. by Martin Luther, 1st pub. in Eyit 
Enchiridion, Erfurt, 1524, and thence in Waeker- 
nagel T s D. Eircheniied, iii. p. 13, in 8 sts. of 4 i. 
Included in Schirclcs'a ed. of Luther's Geistliohs 
Lieder, 1854, p. 7, and as No. 25 in the Unv. 
L. 3., 1851. 

Of this the trs. in C. U. are:— (I) Christ, 
teAom the Virgin Mary bore, omitting sts. iii.-v. 
by C, Kinchen (J. Swertner?), as No. 42 in the 
Moravian H. Bit., 1789, and continued, altered, 
in later eds. Included as No. 83 in Pratt's Coll., 
1829. (2) AW praiw ww Christ, the Holy One, 
from R. Massie's M. Luther's Spirit. Songs, 1854, 
p. 9, as No. 80 in the Ohio Luth. Hyl. 1880. 

Other tn. are :— 

(I) " To Christ be now our homage paid," as No. 1M 
inpt. Ill, of the Moravian B. Bit., 1148, No. zlzinpt. i, 
iTo4. (Z) " Soon shall our voices praise," by Mies Fry, 
1S4E. (3) "Let now all honour due be done," by Dr. 
J. Hunt, 1833, p. 34. (41 "There ahould to Christ be 
pTalses sung," by Miss Manington, 1SS4, p. 23. (6) 
*• Jesus we now must laud and elng," by I5r. Q. Mao 
donold, in the Sunday Magazine, 1867, p. 151; and 
thence, altered, la hie Oxotict, 187S, p. 43. [J, J ¥ ] 

ii. The second portion of this poem is the 
Epiphany hymn Jfoa(M Herodes impie, found 
in many Breviaries, and consisting of lines 
29-36, 41-44, and 49-52, or in other words, 
the strophes commencing with h, i, I, n, t. 
The text is given ia Daniel, i. No. 120, together 
with references to various Breviaries, &o. 

A SOLIS obtCs 

In the Hmn. Scoria*, liond., ibsI, it Is rival u tbe 
Hymn at first and second vesrpeis em the Feast of the 
Epiphany, and daily throuifh tbe Octave at Hetina and 

Vespers; with various readings from tbe uses of York 
(which assigns i t to flint and mound Teeners and lands on 
the Epiphany, and dally through the Octave), of Boahaa. 
and froretrter (through tbe Eplpbany at Veepeis), £1. 
^Um'f (Vespers and Lends), «, jUnirew de Brtmhctm, 
Norfolk (Lauds). Daniel, iv. 149, 319, cites ft as In a 
Bhelnau us. of the *th cent., and a Bern us. of the 
9th cent. In tbe Britith Jhtteur* It la also found In a 
11th cent. w. (Jul, A. vi. f. 38) and otben ; and in tbe 
[Attn £jp. of tie AntfaSiutM Church, 1951, p. El, ft le 
printed from a Durham vs. of tbe 11th cent. Tbe 
strophe sattna matnm (the tnep o/ aiotkrt) ocean 
in a ma, of tbe HarkLan Llbraro, of Um 11th cent. 
(Xttl, f. M»*i as a hymn for the Holy Innocents. In 
the Mmrdbie Bret. EottU Btrcdet inptt la the Hymn 
at Lands for the Epiphany, the strophes k, i, J, n, q, r, 
9, t, v, u, w, j of tbe original being used, with doxotogy. 
Strophes fc, «, o, v, with two additional, and a uoxology, 
are nsed In this rite on tbe Feast of tbe Holy Innocents 
at Ijanda; or *■ In Alllslone Iinantlam, sive Sanctorum 
Innoo^uni,""Ontbe dashing to pteceeofthe Infante, 
or Holy Innocents." {See Psalm exxxvii., v. 9, English 
version; Ps. exxxvi., v. t, in the Latin; for the idea.) 
In Migws Patrst. the hymns will be found in col. 184, 
US, and 13*, 13* of torn. 8* respectively. 

[W. A. S.] 

Translations in C. U. ;— 

1. Bow vain was hapten* Herod's dread. By 
A. T. Kussell, ia his Ps. and //>., 1851, No. 71, 
and with alterations, into Kennedy, 1863, No. 22|J, 

t. Wly, Impoua Hand, vainly fear, By J. M. 

Neale, in the 1st ed, of the Hymnal N., 1852, 
No. 17, from whence it passed into later editions 
of the same, the People 1 ! H., 1667, the Hymner, 
1882, and others. In H. A. and M„ 1661, it is 
given in an altered form, as ; — " Why doth that 
impious Herod fear ? " but in the enlarged and 
revised ed. 1875, the opening line is again altered 
to, " Hov> vain t!te cruet Herod's fear." Another 
form is that of the Hymnary, 1872, where it 
reads :— " The star proclaims the King is here." 
It was thus altered by the Editors of that Col. 

Translation! net in 0. o\ : — 
, 1. Herod, grim foe, whence this dismay. Blew, 185S. 

a. Why, Herod, impious tyrant, fear. Chambers, 

3. Impious Herod, wherefore tremble. JlocgOt, 1918. 

Various trs. of this have been made into 
German. The Irs, from one of these ore thus 
noted by Mr. Mearns ; — 

Waa funhtst dn Feind Herodee sehr, A full 
and faithful tr. by Martin Luther, written Dec. 
12, 1541, and let pub. in King's Oeistliche Lieder, 
Wittenberg, 1544. Thence in Waclternagel, iii., 
p. 25, in 5 at. of 4 1. Included in Schircks's ed. 
of Luther's Oeistliche Lieder, 1854, p. 18, and 
a* No, 81 in the Vnv. L. 3., 1651. 

Of this the only tr. in C. 0. is, "Why, 
Herod, unrelenting foe 1 " iu full in R. Massie's 
M. L.'e Spir. Songs, 1854, p. 13, and thenee in 
Dr. Bacon, 1884, and, altered, as No. 53, in the 
Ohio Lath. Hymnal, 1880. 

Other trs. are: — 

(1) "What dost thou fear, oh, enemy?" by Miss Fry, 
1846, p. 13. til " Fiend Herod, why those frantic 
feere/^by J. Anderson, UU, p. 11 (ed. 1B4T, p. 3t\ 
(3) " Fiend Herod ! why with fears art tom," by Dr. J. 
Hunt, lstil, p. as. (4) "Herod, why dreadest tbon a 
foe, 1 ' by Dr. G. Macdonald in the Sunday Magazine, 
J99T, p. 331 i and thence, altered, In bis Exotics, 1st*. 

[J. J.] 

iii. Tbe Bom. Brev. form of Hottti Herode* 
1* Crudelis Herodes Deum. The alterations 
in the test are st, i., 1. 1-2. and the doxology 
only. In the Horn, Brev. it is appointed for 


the 1st & 2nd Vespers of the Feast of the 
Epiphany. The text is in Daniel, t No. 120 ; 
Card. Newman's Hyitmi Eocleeiaj, 1838-65, 
and other collections, [W. A. S ] 

Translations in C. U. :— 

1. Why, Herod, why the Godhead fearl By 
Bp. R. Mant, in his Ancient Hymns, 1837, p. 43 ; 
and in Chope's Hymnal, 1864, and others as ; — 
" In vain doth Herod rage and fear.*' 

I. Why, ruthless fcfaf, (hit frantte fear! By 
W, J, Copeland, in his Hymns for the Wtek\ 
1848, p. 70. In 1868 it was given as, "Why 
doth the inched Herod fear ? " in the Sarum II., 
No. 66. 

a. Oerwl Herod! why thus faart By E. Cas- 
wall. 1st pub. in his Lyra OathoHia, 1849, 
p. 53, and his Hymns and Poems, 1873, p. 30. 
This is the tr. in C. V. in Roman Catholic col- 
lections for Schools and Missions. 

*. Why, enul Herod, why in feat t By J. A. 

Johnston, in the English H., 1852, and later 
editions. This is based upon older trs, 

I. Tfhy, enul Herod, dost thou fearl By E. C. 

Singleton, made for and 1st pub. in his Anqlioan 
H. Bk., 1868, No. 58, In the 2nd ed., 1871, No. 
73, it was altered to, " Why should the cruel 
Herod fear?" 

8. Why deth that aruel Herod fearl This, 
which is No. 120 in the St. John's Hymnal, 
Aberdeen, 1865 and 1870, is a cento from Copeland 
(st. ii.) and Neale, with alterations in the text of 

Translations not in 0. U, ; — 

1. Why, Herod, dost tbon fear in vain. Primer, 110*. 

2. Cruel Herod, wherefore fearest thou P Ifope, 1844. 

3. Why, Herod, shakes thy soul with fears. P. 
Trams, 180*. 

4. Why, cruel Herod, dost thou fear. J. WaUaee, 
18)4. [J. J.] 

A Bolie ortusoordineEtua<iueterraa 
limitam. [CArisbua*.] This hymn, which 
U of very complex authorship, departs from 
the foregoing in the second stanza, which 
begins ; — 

"Gaudete qnicqnid gentium, 
Judaea, lioma et Qraecia," ttc. 

The opening lines of the hymn, 1-4, we 
shall hardly be wrong in ascribing to Sedttltnt. 
The succeeding lines, 5-12, form the ctmcln- 
sion of the hymn for the Epiphany, " Qui' 
eunque Christum quaeritis," by Prudentius 
(Catkem. Hymn. xii!). The lines 18-24, com- 
mencing with "Fit porta Ohristi pervia," are 
received by the Benedictine editors of St. 
Ambrose a* a genuine work of that Father 
(No. 13 among his hymns) on the, authority of 
a treatise ascribed to St. Ildephonsus, "De 
perpetua Virginitate Beatae Mariae, et de 
ejus Partmitione ;" certainly old, and most 
probably the work of Paschssius Bodbertue 
(died A.ii. 851). See the SpieiUgittm of Da- 
cheiius. The note in the Benedictine edition 
runs thus :— 

" Tbe knowledge of the twelfth hymn we owe to St. 
Ildephonsus, who more than once quotee tbe first 
strophe in hifl tr^atiee lie Pariuritiime et Purificatione 
S. Mariae Viryixis, «s haTlnr been written by Sit. 
Ambrose, whenue it baa been ^?iuiferred to tbe Later 



mlitLons of the wurks of tliat holy Doctor. But the 
second and third strophes (1&. verses 17-34) we UaTe 
■topled from the book of George Casauider, fa xymmt 
Ecclesiatticit, where this hymn is given without the 
auther's name. And although there occasionally occurs 
In It a fouLt against the rules of prosody, yet wo do not 
on that account Judge it unworthy of St Ambrose, 
since errors of this kind occur In the hymns not doubted 
to bo his, though not frequently." 

We may mention, however, that this por- 
tion ascribed to St Ambrose, mainly coincides 
with a hymn found in the works of St. Ka- 
banus Maurus. (See the edition of his 
writings by Geo. Colvenarius, Col. Agrip. 
1627 ; or in Migne"s Patrol., torn. 112, the 6th. 
vol, of the works of that writer; hymn No. 13, 
headed " In solemnitate Sanctae Moriae") 
Tho authorship of the remaining lines is un- 
certain. Daniel, i. (No. 15), gives the text 
from the collection of Thontasius, remarking 
the partial coincidence with Sedultusj but 
in iv. pp. 58, &c, lie decides that tins hymn is 
made np from different compositions ; giving 
as liis opinion that the groundwork was a 
poem in which the first letters of every four 
lines token together make up the alphabet. 
The portion ascribed to St. Ambrose, " Fit 
porta/' is fonnd in an 11th cent. its. in the 
British Museum (Karl. 2361, f. 225l>). In the 
Latin Hys. of the Anglo-Saxon Church, 1851, 
p. 112, it is printed from a Durliatn MS. of the 
11th cent. 

As to the ritual use — it is the hymn at 
Lands on the Feast of the Anunnciation in 
tho Hozarahic firev. (Toledo, 1502, f. 361), 
whilo in Xitucno's cd., 1517, " A solis ortus car- 
dine ad usque " is said at Vespers to line 21, 
when the Ambrosian strophes come in, with a 
Doxologyj The Ambrosian portion, "Fit 
porla Clnisti pervia," &c, is Jhe hymn in tho 
Conslonz Brev. (a.i). 151G) end lome others, at 
Matins, on the Feast of the Annunciation of 
tlio B. V. M., and on tho Festivals in her 
honour. It has been ir. as "From where tho 
rising sun goes forth," by W. J. Copoland, in 
his Hymns for the With, &o., 1848, and again 
in Scharf's Christ inSong, 1860. [W. A. SJ 

A sure and tried foundation stone. 
J. Montgomery. {Laying Foundation Stone.'] 
Written Sept. 4, 182U, for the laying of the 
Foundation Stone of St. Philip's Church, 
Sheffield, and printed for use at that cere- 
mony, [m.mss.] It was given in Montgomery's 
Original Hymns, 1853, No. 290, in 5 st.of 4 1„ 
entitled " On Laying the Foundation Stono 
of a Place of Worship.'' Its use has been 
very limited, mainly owing to the superior 
excellence of his hymn, "This stone to Thee 
in faith we lay," which was written during 
the following month, and was included in his 
Christian Fsalmht, 1825, whilst this hymn was 
omitted from all his earlier works, 

A thousand oracles divine. C. Wesley. 
[Holy Trinity.'] In his Hymns on the Trinity, 
1767, this hymn is given as No. xvii. in 
tlio division of "Hymns and Prayers to the 
Trinity," in 4 st. of 8 1., p. 100. It was repeated 
in tho ires, H. Bli. 1780, and later eds. with the 
simple alteration of "His hosts" to " the 
boats " in st, i. 1. 0. From that collection it 
has passed into all tho principal hymnals of 
the Methodist bodies in most Engliah-speaking 


countries, hut is seldom found olaewJiere. Few 
hymns aro more dogmatic on the doctrine 
of the Trinity. The lines, " The Friend of 
earth-born man," and " For heaven's superior 
praise," are borrowed from Young's Night 
Thoughts. Night ir. 11. 603. 440. Orig. text 
es above, and P. Works of J. * C. Wesley, 
1868-1872, vol. vii. pp. 312-18. 

A time to -watch, a time to pray. 

J. M, Neale. [Good Friday.] Appeared in his 
HywtMfor Children, 1842, in 6st.of4 1,, the 
last st. Wug Bp. Ken's doxology. It is given 
in Mrs. Brock's Children's H. Bk. with the omis- 
sion of the doxology, and st. iii. 1. 1, "this 
day, 1 * for " to-day, otherwise unaltered. 

A voice comes from Ramah. W.Knox. 
{Bereavement.} Pub. in his Songs of Israel, 
1824, in 3 st. of 8 1. and again in his Poemtr, 
1847, pp. 117-8. It is based on Jer. xxxi. 
15, 16, and entitled "Eaohel Weeping." In 
Kennedy, 1863, No. 197, it is slightly altered. 

A voice upon the midnight air. 

[Passiontide.] Dr. Martinean informs us that 
this hymn was contributed to his Hys. for the 
Christian Church <fe Home, 1840. It is No. 218, 
in 6 st, of 4 1., and is given as " Anonymous." 
It has since appeared in many Unitarian 
collections in G, Britain and America. 

A widow poor, forlorn, oppressed, 
C. Wesley. [Prayer.] From the ms. of his 
Hymns on the Four Gospels, dated 1765, first 
pub, in the P. Works of J. and C. Wesley, 18G8- 
72, vol. xi p. 255, and again, without altera- 
tion, in the Wes. H. Bk. 1875, No. 827. 

A widowed mother lost her son. 

Dorothy A. Thrupp. [Compassion,] Contributed 
tn the 2nd ed. of Mrs. H. Msvo'b 8el of 
Hymns, &c, 1840, in i st. of 4 ]., entitled 
"Tlio Widow and her Son," nnd signed 
" D. A. 1." It is fonnd in a few collections, 
including the Ch. S. S. H. Bk. 1879, No. 45. 

Abaeh'd be all the boast of Age. 
.Dp. B, Beber. [Epiphany.] Appeared in 
his posthumous Hymns, <te., 1827, pp. 27-8, in 
5 st. of 4 1. as tho first of two hymns for the 
First Sunday after Epiphany. In its original 
form it is not in common use, but st. ii.-v. 
as— « O Wisdom, whoso unfading power"— is 
given in Kennedy, 1863, No. 229 (with altera- 
tions), and the Meth. S. 8. H.-Bk. 181$, No, 77, 
also slightly altered. 

Abba Father! we approach Thee. 

J. G. DerJc. [Sons of God.] 1st pub. in 
the Appendix to the Hymns for the Poor of 
ike FUkJc, 1841, No. 27, in 4 st. of 8 1. ; again 
witii the omission of st, hi. in Ps, & Hys.,"Lorui., 
Walther, 1842; Walker's Cheltenham Coll. 
1S35; Snepp's S. of G. & G. 1872, No. 21, 
and other collections. It is a plain evangelical 
hymn of no special merit. In America it is 
found in the Bapt. Hy. * Tune Bk. Phil. 
1871, No. 792. 

Abba Father, while we sing. E. Otter 

y'roDidence'], written for and first pub. in 
all's MUre Hymn Boole, 1836, No. 187, in 
3 st. of 6 1., and entitled "The Blessedness 


of God's Children"; and again in Osier's 
Church & King, Jane, 1837, where it is ap- 
pended to an article on the Tenth Sunday 
after Trinity. It is found in several hymnals, 
including P. Maurice's Choral My. Bk., 1861, 
No. 403, Kennedy, 1863, No. 1162, hut usually 
with slight alterations. 

Abba, gentle Jesus prayed. J. S. B. 

Montell. [To ike Father.'] Appeared in the 
2nd and enlarged cd. of his Bye. of Love & 
Fraiie, 1866, and thence, unaltered, into 
Snepr/s 8. of G. & G., 1872. [W. T. B.] 

Abeloxd, Fetsr, b. at Pailais, in Brittany, 
1079. Designed for the military profession, 
he followed those of philosophy and theo- 
logy. His life was one of strange ohances and 
changes, brought about mainly through his 
love for Heloise, the niece of one Eulbert, a 
Canon of the Cathedral of Fans, and by his 
rationalistic views. Although a priest, he 
married Helo'ise privately. He was con- 
demned for heresy by the Council of Soissons, 
1121, and again by that of Sens, 1140 ; d. at 
St. Marcel, near Chalons-sur-Saflrie, April 21, 
1142. For a long time, although his poetry 
had been referred to both by himself and by 
Heloise, little of any moment was known 
except the Advent hymn, Mittit ad Virgineni 
(q.Y.). In his Spicilegiian 
Vaticanxm, pp. 123-131, six poems which had 
been discovered in the Vatican. Later on, 
ninety-seven hymns were found in the Boyai 
Library at Brussels, and pub. in the complete 
ed. of Abolaid'a works, by Cousin, Petri Abie* 
lardi Opp., Paris, 1849, In that work is one 
of his best-known hymns, Tuba Domini, Paule, 
maxima (q-v.). Trench in his jSno. Lat. Poetry, 
1664, gives his Ornarunt terram germina (one 
of a series of poems on the successive dayB* 
work of the Creation), from Du Meril's Potsies 
PoptiL Lat. du Mot/en Age, 1847, p. 444. 

[J. J.] 

Abide in me, and I in you. Bp. E. S. 

Biehenteth. [Ahide in Chritt.'] Written in 
1849, and first pub. in Water from the Well 
Spring, 1852. It was subsequently repub. in 
his Pi. and Hys. 1858, No. 79, and again 
in The Two Brothers, 1871, p. 230. 

Abide with me, feet falls the even- 
tide. H. F. Lyle. tShrening.'] The history 
of this hymn to the date or its first publi- 
cation, it given in the prefatory Memoir to his 
Remain* by his daughter, Anna Maria 
Maxwell Hogg, Lond., Bivington, 1850, pp. ii., 
iii., as follows ;■ — 

" The summer was passing away, and the month of 
September (that month in which he was once more to 
quit his native land) arrived, and eadi day seemed to 
have a special value as being one day nearer his depar- 
ture. His family were surprised and almost alarmed at 
big announcing bis Intention of preaching once more to 
bis people. His weakness, and the possible danger 
attending the effort, were urged to prevent it, but in 
vain. * It was better/ as he used often playfully to say, 
wlien in comparative health, ' to wear out than to rust 
out.' He felt that he should be enabled to fulfil his 
wish, and feared not for the result. His expectation 
was well founded. He did preach, and amid the breath- 
less attention of bis heaters gave them the sermon on 
tire Holy Communion, which is Inserted last in this 
volume [i.e. the EeaaiiuJ. He afterwards assisted at 
the administration of the Holy Eucharist, and though 
necessarily ranch exhausted by the exerUonLund excite- 


meat of this effort, yet his friends bad no reason to 
believe it had been hurtful to him. In the evening of 
the game day he placed in the hands of a near and dear 
relative the little hymn, ' Abide with me/ with an air 
of bis own composing, adapted to the words." 

A note to the sermon referred to in this 
cxtraot says, "Preached at Lower Brixham, 
Sept. 4, 1847." He died at Nice oil the 20th 
of the November following [Lyte, H. *.] 

The text of this hymn, which is usually 
regarded as the original, is that contained in 
his Remain», pub. in 1850. There are, how- 
ever, several readings of the text. These 
readings are given in : — 

1. Afac-timUeof the original h& In the autograph 
of the author, published by the Vicar of Lower llrus- 
lutm, on behalf of the restoration of the church. 

3. A leaflet on which it was first printed at Berryhcad 
in September, 184T. 

3. Ktrnamt, Ik,, ISBO. 

4. MiKetian&na .Poems, 1883. 

The variations of text are : — 
st. 1. \. 2. Wo. 1. The darkness thu&ens, Lord, &c. 

Nos. 2 and 3. The darkness deepens, Lord, to. 
st. lv. 1. 4. If o. I. Come, Friend of sinners, and then 
abide, fee. 

Ho t 2. Come, Friend of sinners, and thus abide, 

No. 3. Come, Friend of Sinners, and tkut 'bide. 
st. viii. 1. 1. No. 1. Hold (Aen thy cross, &c. 

So. 2. Hold then thy cross, &c. 

No. 3. Hold there thy cross, &b. 

So. 4. Hold Thou thy cross, 4c. 

In addition to theso the hymn has also 
been pub. by J. Wright and Co., Thomas 
Street, Bristol, 1863, with Lyte's original 
music ; and it has been translated into many 
languages, including Latin renderings in the 
Guardian (Nov. 1879 and"Duc 1881^ Chvrch 
Timet, Memorials of T. G. GoAfrey-Faimdt 
(1878), Ilymno. Christ. Zutfuit (1871). &e. 

The important position wliich this hymn 
has attained in many lands and tongues will 
juslify nn extract from Mr. Ellerton'a nr>tn to 
the same in Church Jlymni (folio od. 1881). 
In that collection it is given with tho " Gene- 
ral Hymns." Mr. Ellerton says : — 

" It is sometimes [nearly always] classed among even- 
ing hymns, apparently on the ground of tlie first two 
lines, and their similarity in sound to two lines in 
Kebie's * Sun of my soul/ This Is a curious instance 
of the misapprehension of the true meaning of a byniri 
by those among whom it is popular ; for a very little 
consideration will suffice to shew that there Is not 
throughout the hymn the slightest allusion to the close 
of the natural day ; the words of St. Luke ssiv. 29 are 
obviously used in a sense whedly metaphorical. It is 
far better adapted to be sung at funerals, as it was 
beside the grave of Professor Maurice * but it Is almost 
too Intense and personal for ordinary congregational 

The use of this hymn is very extensive in 
all English -speaking countries. It is found 
in almost every collection published in G. 
Brit, during the past thirty years. [J. J.] 

Above, below, where'er I gaze. 

[Creation.] Contribiitid to Chrittian Poetry, 
Edinb., 1827, in 5 st. of fi ]., entitled, " Omni- 
presence of God," and signed laitmS. Its author- 
ship has not been determined. It crttrio itito 
C. U., in a few Unitarian collections ut an 
eaily date, and is at present in use ton limited 
extent in Gvliiit. nnd America, o. g: Ami*. 
Plymouth Coll., No. 8U, and Kcmiedy, No. 1275. 

[W. T. V.-\ 

Above the clear blue eky, In hea- 
ven's, &e. J. Chandler. ICIiildreu'ti Hyniit.~] 



Under date of Putney, March 20, 1875, the 
author wrote, " With the exception of ' Above 
the clear blue sky," I have composed no hymns 
since those published in 1837, whioh are trans- 
lations [flu. of (He Primitive ChvrcK], I believe 
1841 may have been the date of the publication 
of my smaller book [Hyt. of the Church, mostly 
Primitive}, but I have been an invalid for the 
last four years, away from my borne, and have 
nothing to refer to here. ' Above the clear 
bine sky ' appeared first in some Irish Collec- 
tion of hymns some years ago ; but that is all 
I can remember about it," (s, hss.) 

The Irish Collection referred to is probably 
Hy». for Pub. Worship, Dub., 1856, in which 
it is found. It bad appeared however in the 
author's Hymns of (he Church, mostly Primi- 
tive, in 1841, in4st. of 4 1, No. 83. Its use is 
somewhat extensive. 

Abraham, when severely tried. C. 
Wesley, [faith.] From .Hymns and Sacred 
Poem*, 1740, p. 12, and entitled " The Life of 
Faith Exemplified," being a paraphrase of 
Heb. xi. in SO at. In 1780, 7 st. were included 
in the Wet. H.Bk., No. 277, from whence it 
has passed into most of the collections of tlie 
Methodist bodies. Orig. text in P. Work* of 
J. & C. Wesley, 1868-72, vol. :., p. 214. 

Absent from flesh, O blissful thought 
J. Watt*. (Death.') This hymn is part of a 
poem on " Death and Heaven," in five Lyric 
Odes, of which it is No. 2 :— " The Departing 
Moment; ox Absent from tbe Body," and is in 
4 st.of 41. TheseOdesappearedinDr.Wetts's 
Reliquiae Juveniles, 1734. This ode is not in 
extensive use, although found in a few col- 
lections in G. Brit. and. America. It is piven, 
in it slightly altered form, in the New Cong., 
No. 723. Tbe orig. text is not found in modem 
collections. [W. T. B.] 

Abyssinian Hymnody. Till about the 
year 1864, when the Bev. J, ST, Bodvrell 
printed two articles in the Journal of Sacred 
Literature, nothing whatever was known in 
England of Abyssinian Hymnody, and it is 
only to theso articles that reference can even 
now be made. 

The selections from the Degua, or Hymnal 
of JaTed, an Abyssinian faint who is believed 
to have lived in the 5th cent,, and is tradi- 
tionally said to have been cuoght up into 
heaven, (see Dilltnan's Cut. msb. .fljlth. Brit 
Nus., p. 32, n.), are of striking originality and 
are translated by Mr. Hodwell into a kind of 
metrical prose. From them we give ns a spe- 
cimen the " Hymn of tbe Light." 

Praise to tbe Saviour, the glory of the saints, 
Tbe light which luUh come Into the world j 
His clothing ms as light upon the mount. 
But He Is tiie tine light In Himself. 

He came from it world of light, 

And that light hath come to us ; 

He will Lead ua back into that light 

From whence He descended in love and pity. 

He has come whom Moses announced— 

The Crown of martyrs, the Pounder of the Church, 

The Light of light, who giveth light to the just. 

Oh send out Thy light and truth. 

That they may taring me to Thy holy hill j 

Send forth Thy hand from on high to save. 


God Is a God who knoweth all things. 

Clad in righteousness, robed In light ; 

A light announced HEm, shlnfhg tn tike heavens, 

AncTHe ts come, the Pilot of the souls of the just. 

The Church's Bridegroom Is the light of the world. 
Let us therefore be clad In light, 
And put away the works of darkness, 
And walk as toe children of the day. 

He reigns over tbe treasures of light. 

Who ejrfeted ere the worlds were made. 

He will manifest that light ; 

He will give comfort In our sorrows; 

He will diepeise the clouds and thick darkness, 

And lead us to our rest above. 

Halleluiah, O Thou? firstborn of Zton 1 

Adonai, Thou art the bearer ofglad tidings : 
Marvellous Is the brightness of Thy beauty H 
Halleluiah. To Thee be gtory. Amen. 

The us. from which these hymns were 
translated is in the library of tbe B, ft F. Bible 
Society, and is probably of the 14th century. 
Only two other copies appear to have found 
their way to Europe. From the invocation of 
saints, in the hymns for their festivals, one can 
hardly doubt that the hymns are of the 5th 
or 6th cent. In this they present an exceed- 
ingly strong family likeness to the hymns of 
St. Ephrem Syrus. 

The first published metrical translation was 
a version of The Vigil of Ihe Four Beasts, 
by Mr. W. C. Dix, and appeared in the Church- 
man's Shilling Magazine lot May, 1867. lit 
October of the same year an article on " Abys- 
sinian Hymns," containing three metrical 
versions by Mr. Dix, was issued in the came 
magazine. Another artiole headed Devotions 
of the Abyssinian- Church appeared in the 
Monthly Packet tot July, 1868, and two hymns 
were added. None of these are in 0. U., bat 
one is given in Jelliooe's Songs of the Church, 
1867. The Song of the Saints, the only other 
version of en Abyssinian hymn, originally 
published in Bev. L. 0. Biggs' s Songs of Other 
Churches in the Monthly Packet for'Nov. 1871, 
and reprinted In the Churchman's Manual of 
Puhlie and Private Devotion, 1882, completed 
the use of the translations of Mr. Kodwell by 
English hymn-writers, except, that in the 
columns of the Church Times, an additional 
translation or two, by Mr. Dtx, may be fonnd. 
It is earnestly to be wished that attention may 
be seriously drawn to the hymns of the whole 
Eastern Church. The profound ignorance of 
our leading hymnological scholars on subjects 
of this class Li lamentable. The field Dr. 
Neale worked so well has lain comparatively 
fallow since bis early death. The position 
which some of his Hymns of ilte Eastern Church 
have taken in our hymnals excites the wish 
that Abyssinia and Ethiopia may render us 
some service. These unwrotight fields, though 
not equal to the rich treasury of Greek and 
Latin hymnody, arc still worthy of the atten- 
tion of English compilers. [ W. T. B.] 

Accept, O lord. Thy servant's 

thanks. Bp. M. Mant, {Holy Scripture.'] 
This is one of the Origiual Hymns added by 
Bp. Mant to his Ancient Hymns from the Bo- 
man Breviary, 1837-71, in 4 st. of 8 1., and 
entitled "Hymn of Thanksgiving for Holy 
Scripture." Dr. Kennedy, in adopting it in 
his Hymno. Ckritt., 1863, No. 1195, has given 
ihe original text, with tbe ebange of st. iti. 
1. 7, from " And He, Who gave the word, may 


He" to "And 0, may Se Who gave the 
Word." The bymn is a plain poetical reflex 
of the sixth Article, and of the Collect for the 
Second Sunday ia Advent This hymn is 
also sometimes found in American collections, 
as the Pennsylvania, Luth. Church Bk., 1868, 
and others. 

Accept our thanks, O Lord, we 
pray. W. C. Din. [St. Beds.] Contributed 
to the People'* S. 1867, No. 292. 

Accepted, Perfect, and Complete. 
Franeet B. Havergal [Complete in Chriet.l 
Written at Hastings, Sept 3, 1870, in 5 st of 
3 1., and based upon the three passages of 
Holy Scriptnre : Eph. i. 6, " Accepted in the 
beloved"; Ool. i. 2B, '•Perfect in Chrirt 
Jesus " ; and OoL ii. 10, ■< Complete in Him." 
It was first pub. as a leaflet by J. and B. 
Farlane, Paidey, 1871 ; then, with the tune 
" Tryphena " (also by Miss Hareraal), In 
Bnepp's 8. of G. 4 G., 1872, mas. ed. 1875 ; 
again in her work Under the Surface, 1874; 
and her Life Xotaie, 1879. [•' bav. mi."] 

Accepting, Lord, Thy gracious call. 
C.N.Katt. [Following J****.] Thishymnwas 
printed in the author's tract, Follow Jetue, 
and, again, from thence in his ZTyrwi*, composed 
at Bottan Abbey, and Other Bhytaes, 1858, pp. 
45-47, in 11 st. of 4 1. In Major's Bk. of 
Praise and ttie Ifeth. 8. 8. BT. Bk. it is given 
in en abbreviated form. In the author's 
Cft. Ch. Hymnal, 1873, No. 257, it is included 
ns " Lord f we obey Thy kind command," in 
8 st. of 4 1. various stanzas of the original being 
rewritten to attain this end. 

According to Thy gracious word. 

/. Montgomery. [Holy Communton.1 No copy 
of this hymn is preserved in the " Montgomery 
jibs." Its first publication was in the author's 
Christian PtalmUt, 1825, p. 405, in 6 st of 4 3. 
with the motto " This do in remembrance of 
Me." From Its first appearance it has been 
one of the most popular of hymns for "Holy 
Communion," and is found in most modem 
collections of a moderate type. Usually, how- 
ever, st. ii. 1. 2, which reads: "Thy testa- 
mental enp I take " is altered to " Tne cup, 
Thy precious Blood, I take," ns in Thring's Coll., 
No. 524, or, « Til take," as in the Salisbury H. 
Bit., 1857, and Kennedy, 1863, No. 650. 
In 1853 it was republished by Montgomery in 
his Original Hymnt, No. 129, In common 
with Montgomery's hymns it has no doxology, 
That usually found with it, 

" To Tlwe, O Jesm, Light of Light, 
All praise stid glory be," to,, 

is from the Salisbury H. Bk., 1857. In Hedge 
& Huntington's Unitarian Jim. of the Church, 
Boston, U. S. A., 1853, No. 388, " (lethsetnaiie, 
can I forget?" is composed of st. iii., ii., it., v. 
of tiiis hymn. 

According to Thy mercy, Lord. 

[Supplieation.'i This cento appeared in 3 st 
of 4 1. as No. 720 in the Moravian H. Bk., 1789, 
and was repeated in later eda.(1849, No. 723). 
In Mr. Eborle's notes in the Moravian Met- 
senger, March, 1870, it is marked as: 1. 
Schneesing, tr. J. SwertneT, ii. N. L, von Zin- 
zendorf, tr. F. W. Foster, iii, N. L. von Zinzen- 



dorf, tr. J. Bnertncr. St. L seems to be from 
st. iii. of 8chneesing*s hymn, " Allein zu dir, 
Herr Jesa Christ;" while st ii,, Iii. seem 
based on Zinzendorfs "Aehmeinverwundtcr 
Fiirete." The cento is included as No. 132 
in Dr. PugenBtecher's Coll., 1864. [J. M.] 

Anh Qott vom HtmmeL eieh darein. 
Martin Luther [Ps. iii."). This free rendering 
of Ps. iii., adapted to the times, which Bnnsen 
(Versueh, 1833, p. 854) calls "a cry for help 
hom the Church founded on the Word of Qad 
tot protection against its contemners and cor- 
rupters," was probably written in 1523 and 
1st pub. in the Ellich cristtich tider, Witten- 
berg, 1524, in 6 st. of 7 1. The seventh st, a 
dox-, was added in Eyn Enchiridion, Erfnrt, 
1524, but has not been tr. into English. In- 
cluded in Waekernaael, iii._p, 6, in Schfrcks's 
ed. of Luther's Qeietlicke Lieder, 1854, p. 73, 
and as No. 209 in the Vnv. L. B. 1851. It is 
a companion to Luther's "Nun trout each 
lieben Christengmein," and like it greatly 
furthered the cause of the Beformation. 

Lauxmann, in Koch, viii. 521-526, relates that 
Dr. Sprutze, or Sprengol, of Magdeburg Cathe- 
dral, had gone hj request of the Romish autho- 
rities to preach at Brunswick three sermons 
which were to uproot the Lutheran heresies. On 
the 22nd Sun. after Trinity, 1527, he preached 
on the parable of the Unmerciful Servant (St. 
Matt, xviii. 23-35) and declared salvation by 
good works. At the end of his sermon, acitisen 
begun to sing this hymn, and as the whole con- 
gregation joined in, the discomfited priest at 
once left the pulpit, and never again preached in 
Brunswick. Again, on the 2nd San. in Advent, 
1 529, a preacher in St. Jacob's, Liibeek, exhorted 
to prayers for the dead, when two boys began 
this hymn, and the congregation following, 
sang the whole. Lauxmann adds that st. iv. 
comforted P. J. Spener when he heard it sung 
on his entering the church at Frankfurt-am- 
Main, at a time when days looked dark for 
the Church of Christ ; that, when summoned to 
Dresden to occupy the responsible post of Court 
preacher, he was cheered by being saluted witii 
it in the first Saxon village he entered ; and that 
in Dresden it was often, at his request, sung by 
the scholars before his door. 

Translations in C. U. : — 

1, Oh Lord our Ood, from heaven look town, 
in Miss Fry's H. of the lieformatitM, 1843, p. 30. 
In I860 her trs. of at. v. ri. rewritten to 5 st. 
CM., beginning, " Almighty God, Thy truth shall 
stand," were included in J. Whittemore's 3\tpp. 
to alt II. Bis., No. 44. 

1, Ood! look Iowa from heav'a, we pray, a 
free tr, condensing sts. ii., iii., as ii., by W. hi. 
Reynolds, in the Evangelical Review, Gettysburg, 
July 1849, and as No. 965 in the General Synod's 
Luth. JI. Bi., 1850. 

S t Ah God, look down from heaven and sea, 
by R. Hassie in his ti: of Luther's Spiritual 
Songs, 1854, p. 32. In 1880 it was given in 
the Ohio Luth. Hymnal, 147, as :—" O God, lout 
down from heaven and see." 

L Ah Ood, from hesVn look down, and s*s, 
omitting St. iii., by Miss Winkwortb, as No. 101, 
in her C. Ii. far Kngland, 18IW, 



■tie, and loke on us," by JBp. 

, 1816, p, B«). (2) " Sdf OS, 

lend," fa Ihe 0uae atul &>tfta 

Other trs. an : — 

(1) " Helps now, Lorde, and loke on us, 1 

«iBenfa(«, li»9 (Hemaint, lslf '" " 

gnde Lord, and auccour send, 1 * la lae vude attf Goaiy 
xaUata (ed. IMS, folto 4B, ed. 18BS, p. VS). (3) "0 
Lord In Mercy cut an Eye," by /. a. Jbcoot Vni, 
p. 93 (ITSSt, p. 1«S). {*) "Look down, O Lord, from 
heaven behold," by Mitt Cot, 1M1, p. £07. and thence 
in Br. Bacon, isa*, p. 6. (6) " Ah, Bod 1 from heaven 
high look down," by /. Anderxm, Hit, p. 31 (184?, 
p. SI). (6) "Ah! Lord, from heaven Thy people 
see," by Dr. J. Hunt, 18*9, p. SO. (J) "On ns, 

Lord, In mercy look," by Ur. H. MUlt, isse, p. 
119. £8) Ah 1 Ood in heaven, look down anew, 1 ' by 
Dr. Q. MttttkHU/Xd. In the Stwdost Magazine, 188(, p. 
449; and In hit Exotict, 18)4, p. 61, as "AhQod, from 
heaven look down and view." (9) **OGod, from heaven 
our troubles view," by P. W. Young, In the Family 
r,-eamry, 18M, p. «53. [J, M.J 

Ach Gott, wie manehes Herzeleid, 

Martin Moller 1 [Croaand Consolation.'] First 
appeared in the 2nd ed., Gorlita, 1387, of 
MolIer*s Meditationes Sanctorum Patrum, 
entitled "A consoling prayer wherewith a 
troubled foul, amid all the crosses and tribu- 
lations of these list troublous times, can 
sweetly comfort itself and longingly delight 
itself in the Sweet Name of Jesus Christ. 
From the Indent hymn 'Jesu dulois memo- 
ria.'" It is a very free paraphrase of the 
Bkylhm in 12 at. of 1. Lauxmann, in Koeh, 
viii. 466-468, says st. i., iv., v., s. have been 
special favourites in Germany, nnd inclines to 
ascribe the Iiymn to Moller, Wackernagel, in 
giving the teit in his D. Kirchenlied, v. p. 84, 
says that Moller, in his 1596 Manvale de Prae- 
paratione ad Mortem, gives it among those 
"compoaedby other spiritual persons" [perhaps 
as being based on the Latin], and that Conrad 
Hojer [or Canrad -Hitter, Sub-prior at Mollen- 
beck, near Rinteln on the Weser] In his Die 
fSnff Stacks Christlieher LeJire, Stadt- 
hageo, 1614, claims it ob his own. He thus 
jtives it under Hojer's nnuie, but says that 
Hojer probably only altered it, and reduced it 
to mure regular form. Included in many sub- 
sequent hymn-books, and recently ns No. 734 
in the Urns. L. 8., 1851. 

Translations in C, V. :— 

1. Jeans, my all, my highest good, a very free 
tr. in 7 at. of 4 1, (baaed on the version jn 
14 st, of 4 1., beginning with at, ix., " Jesu I 
du edler Briiutgam werth," included as No. 871 
in the Brtider 0. B. 1778 ;) as No. 454 in the 
Moravian H. Bk., 1789, and continued, altered, 
in later eJs, From this, 5 sts., based in order 
of sts. is., ii., vii., iv., xii, of the original, 
were given as No. 718, in Biekersteth's Christ, 
J'saltnody, 1832. In C. Wilson's Genl. Ptalinody, 

1 842, No. 893, the order of sts. is ix., it., iv., v, 

3. (rod, what manifold distress, a good tr. of 
st. i., ii., iv.,.xi., by A. T. Hassell, as No. 222, 
in his Ps. $ /fymns, 1851, Part ii. begins, " Jean, 
my I.ord and God, Thou art." 

S. Ah God, my days are dark indeed, a very food 
tr., omitting st. til., v., m the 2nd Ser, 1858, of 
Mias Winkworth^a Lyra Oer. p. 185, nnd repeated, 
as No. 136, in her C. B. for England, 1863. In 
the Ohio Luth, Hymnal, I860, st. i., ii., iv., vii., 
ix., xii., nre given as No. 41 (i. Her tr. of at- iv., 
vi., vii,, ix.-^i., beginning, " Jesus, my only Cod 
nnd Lord," were included as No. 215, in the 
Meth. If. Con. H. Bk. 1863, and the same, omit- 


ting st. vi., as No. 300 in Holy Song, 1869. Her 
ir>. of st. viL, viii., xL, xii., slightly altered and 
beginning " Jesu, my boast, my light, my joy," 
were given as No. 507, in Kennedy, 1863, 

Other tn. are ; — 

(1) "O Lord I how maay miseries,'' by /. C. Jaedbi, 
1120, p. 11 (1TS2, p. It, 1131, p. 116}. (1} "O God, 
how many an anxious boor," as No. 235 In pt. I. of 
the Moravian M. SK IK*. 

In Bunsen's Vermeh, 1833, a greatly altered 
form of st. iii,-T., beginning, " Mein Herxenstrost 
ist Jesus Christ," was included as No. 465, with' 
ont name of adapter. Of this form the trt. 
ore : — 

(I) "Oiriat to my heart true }ay can give," good 
and mil, la Hist Cox's Sac.H. fmm Me German, isii, 
p. 18i. Thence, unaltered, as So. 11 in Alfbrd's PI. <S 
^rt., 1M*, and as No. IDS In Hook's C&. Sduiol B. Bk., 
1860. (l> u Jeaus) lplacemytruBtlnThee."by Lady 
Eleanor forteteue, 1843 (lS4if, p. w). [J. M.] 

Aoh, Jeau, dein Sterben, Awm., xviii. 
cent [Pawfon-tide.'] Included as No. 281 
in the VoWtommenm SchleeieeheM Kireken Q. 
B„ Breslau, 1727 (Preface, Oct. 1, 1703), and 
repeated as No. 451 in Burg's Bredau Q. £., 
1T46, in 3 at. of 4 I„ entitled "Dying to 
Sin through the Death of Jesus," and repeated 
as No. 83 in the Urn). L. S., 1851. The tr. 
" Ah Jesus, the merit,'' hy Miss Winkworth, 
appeared in the 2nd Ser., 18*8, of her Lura 
Oer. p. 32, and thence, as No. 50, in her 
O. B. for England, 1863, [J. M.] 

Aoh I lehre raiah. ein. Kindlein sein. 

[Children.'] Included as No, 41 in the Evan- 
geli$ches Kinder O. B., Basel, 1867, in 7 st. of 
4 1., as by Emma Neustetel. The only tr. 
is, " O that I wero a little child," iu full, in 
Mrs. Sevan's Song» of Praite, 1859, p. 145, and 
thence, ns No. 44, in J. E. Clarke's Children'* 
H. H. Bk. a 1860. [J. M.] 

Aoh! treiuorGot^haJrmheirzlgBHera, 

P. Gerhardt [Oross and Consolation.] Founded 
on a prayer " for patience under great trial," 
No. xiv. in Class iii. of J. Arndt's Parodies- 
gSrtlein, 1612. Appeared in Criiger*s Praxis 
yietaUt metdea, Frankfurt, 1656, No. 381, in 
16 st.of 7 1., and included in many subsequent 
hymn-books, as recently iu the Uhe. L. 8., 
1851, No. 693; also in Wackemagel's ed. 
of his Geittliche XAeder, No. 57 ; Baehmann's 
ed., No. 80. 

Translations in C. U. : — 

1, God most fane, most mercifal 1 — A good tr. 
of st. !., iv,, v., x., by A. T. Russell, as No. 224, 
in his Ps. and Hys* 1851, and thence, altered and 
beginning, " O God of mercy full and free," as 
No. 665, in Kennedy, 18G3. 

1. faithful God 1 O pttyinf heart, a good (/•., 
omitting St. iii., is., xi., xiii., xv., in the 2nd 
Ser. 1858, of Miss Winkwoith's Ljfl-a Get. p. 182, 
and thence, in the Gilman-Schaff, Lib. of Ii. J\ 
ed. 1883, p. 837. The trs. of St. x., xii., xiv., 
xvi., beginning, " O Thou, who dicdst to give us 
life," appear as No. 327, hi Ch. Praise, 1883. 

8. Ah! faithful Hod, Gompasaionata heart, by 
/. Kelly, 1867, p. 169. [J. M.] 

Aeh, una wird das Hera so leer. 

C. J. P. Spitta, [Longing for Heaven.] 1st 


pub. in the First Series, 1833, of his Psalter 
xmd flijr/e, p. 131, in 6 st. of 4 ]., entitled 
" Homesickness." Tr. as : — 

Ah I this tout u voM aad ohill,-r-A good tr., 
omitting st. v., by Mia. Findlater in the 2nd 
Ser., 1B55, of the H. L. L. (ed. 1862, p. 110, 
1884, p, 86). Included, slightly altered, and 
omitting st. ii., as No. 455, in the Pennsylvania 
lath. Cft. BK, 1868. In V7. B. Bradbury's Golden 
Shouer, N. T. 1800 (ed. 1870, p. 158) the trs. of 
et. ii., vi., are rewritten, and a chorus added. 
St. i. t ii., iv. of this form, with the chorus, were 
included as No. 1279, in Kobinson's S. for the 
Saiultuary, 1865, and, as No, 1048, in the Bapt. 
Praise Bk. 1871. 

Other tii. in : — 

(1) "Hungering, thirsting as we go," by Mitt JVjp, 
1SSS, p. IT. (2) "Ah! how empty is the heart," by Ji. 
Hattii, i860, p, 131. [J. M,] 

Acquaint thee, O mortal. W. Knox. 
[Invitation."} The opening lines of this hymn 
are: — 

" Acquaint thee, O mortal 1 
Acquaint tbee with (iod. 
And Joy, like the sunshine, 

Shall beam on thy road. 
And peace, like the dew-drops, 

Shall ftll on thy bend; 
And visions, like angels, 
Shall visit thy bed?' 

Ab a hymn on " Heavenly Wisdom," and 
bused on Job xxii. 21, 27-28, it appeared in 
his Harp of Zion, 1825, in 3 st. of 8 1. It 
was also repeated in his Poems, 1847, p. 102, 
where it is said in a footnote to have been 
" written for Mr. Pettet." The uso of this 
hymn in G. Britain is very limited. In 
Kennedy, 1863, No. 1140, it is given as, " Ac- 
quaint thee, mu child, acquaint thee," &c In 
America, as in Kobinson's S. for the Sanctuary, 
1865, 2nd ed., 1872, No, 504, and others, it is: 
— "Acquaint thyself quickly, Sinner," &c, 
and, in common with nearly every collection, 
the second stanza of the original is omitted. 
This stauita reads : — 

" Acquaint thee, mortal ! 

Acquaint thee with God, 
And the prayer et thy spirit 

Shall reach His abode j 
And the wish of thy bosom 

Shall rise net Eu vain ; 
And His favour shall nourish . 

Thy heart like the rata." 

This hymn is also Bometimes in C. — 
" Acquaint thee, O Spirit, acquaint theo with j 
God, ns in Longfellow and Johnson's Bk. of \ 
IFi/mnt, Boston, 1846, and later cds. [J. J.] 

Ad eelebres, Bex ooelioe, laudee 
ouneta. [St. Michael and All Angeli.'] A 
Notkerion Sequence for the Feast of St. 
Michael. Daniel, ii., p. 2-t,givesonly the first j 
five words, referring to nss. formerly belong' 
ing to the monastery of St. Emmemm at Bat is- 
bou. These mss., which are now st Munich, 
belong to the 11th and 12ih centuries. The 
full text is in n 12th cent. ms. in the Br'dUh 
Mwewm (Add. 110139, f. 53); in Dankl, v. pp. 
93, 94, in Kehrein, p. 135, and in Mone, i. p. 
454. Also in the Missals of &trum, York and 
Hereford as a seq. on that festival. In vol. ii. 
of the reprint of the York Missal, pub. by the 
Surtees Society, 1872, will be found, p. 310, the 



variations of a its. of Ptobcb and Sequences 
in the Bodleian Library, No. 775, written in 
the reign of Ethelred, sometime between the 
years a.». 994 and 1017. This last is the 
oldest form in which it is found. Mone, t, 
p. 455, gives the full text and a great variety 
of readings from mss. at Munich and Stuttgart, 
of the 11th cent., &c., together with short notes 
on portions of the text. Daniel, v. p. 93, re- 
peats Mone'* references. They ore also repeated 
with additions in Kehrein, No. 168. 

[W. A. S.] 

Translations in C.U. ;— 

1. To celebrate Thy pralsa, Kin*; of heaven, 
by C. B, Pearson, in the Sarum Missal m English, 
1868, p. 447, After revision it was reprinted 
in his Sarum Sequences, 1871, p, 119, ns "To 
give Thee glory, Heavenly King." 

4, Te give Thee glory, Heavenly King, — No. 374, 
in the Jfymnary, is a cento from Mr. Pearson's 
tr., with alterations made by the editors with 
the translator's permission. 

Ad coenam Agrxl providi. [Easter.'] 
This hymn is sometimes ascribed to St. Am- 
brose, but is not intorted among his un- 
doubted compositions, by the Benedictine 
editors (see Migne's Patrol., torn. 17; tho 
fourth of the works of St. Ambrose). The 
original text, with that revised for use in tho 
Pom. Brev., "Ad regias agni dapes," is given 
in Daniel, i., No. 81 ; with various readings 
from the Collections of Cassander, and other 
authorities. It isheaded"HyinnnBl > uschaW' 
£"A hymn for Easter-tide "). In Mone, 
it U No, 161 from mss. at Lichtentbal of the 
13th and 14th centuries, and from others ot 
later date. He gives a long note embracing 
various readings, references, and criticism. 
Much of this is repeated in Daniel, iv. 73, who 
also gives readings from Rheinuu mss. of tho 
10th and 11th cent, and at iv. p. 353, readings 
from a lis. of the 9th cent., at Bern. It is 
also found in a 11th cent. us. in the British 
Museum (Jul. A. vi., f. 48.), and is printed 
from a Durham ns, of the 11th cent., in the 
Latin }Iys. of the Anglo-Saxon Church, 1851, 
p. 82. In the Junius its. of the 8th and 9th 
cents, it is No. xxi. The &ir«in Brev. text is 
in the Hymn. Sarisb., Lond., 1851, p. 99, and 
various readings arc added from Euglish 
Monnstia Uses, including those of jyorcester, 
St. Alban's, Canterbury, &c, and in Biggs's 
Annotated ed. of H. A. tfc M., 1867.) 

Concerning its use we would n(M that from Low 
Sunday [1st after Easter] till the Vigil of the Ascension 
it was the proper Venter hymn in the .Varum rind iVrifc 
uses, and is also so found in oilier English breviaries, 
Saturdays excepted (when " Chonis novae ItlerTisalein " 
wan sung) whenever no frost of Apostle or patron &mit 
interrupted the ordinary coarse of tbe liister Reason, 
There Is no tloxology, for according to .<&rum and Yttyk 
the last 2 verses of " Jesu Siilvator Koeculi " wcru di- 
rected to be sung at the end of all hymns of that metre 
[Saturdays excepted]. 

Passing from its history, text, and use, to 
the hymn itself, its design, and teaching arc 
well brought out by tlio following writers :— 

In a curious work which gives interpreta- 
tions of hymns, mystical and otherwhe, en- 
titled " Er.pnsitin Himnorwn cum notalili 



eommento, Cdhniae apud HenruMtn (Jtleri- 
teU, 1492 " (many other editioaB in tbe 15th 
and early part of the 16th centuries; one 
without a date may be older than the above. 
See Daniel, i. p. xvt, and No. 81. The writer's 
name was Hilariti*), we find concerning this 
composition : 

" The mutter of this hymn Is that tbe author calls ni 
to tbe banquet of that Limb Who taketb away tbe sini 
of the work! : that Is, to receive the Body and Blood of 
the Lord, of whom ft is written that he who receivetb 
the Body of Christ unworthily eateth and driuketh 
damnation to himself; but he who doth so worthily 
Bath eternal lift: but we unplaced 'ad commit Agni 
prtmidi ' (at the banqnet of the Lamb as those who Me 

The allusion i* to those who were solemnly 
baptized and clothed in white garments on 
Easter Eve, and admitted to Holy Communion 
on the following day. 

Dr. Neale works out this allusion to the 
newly baptized and their white garments in 
his Short Commentary on fAe Hymnal N., 
18SS, part i,, pp. 26-27, where he says: — 

" In order to understand this hymn, we must know 
for whom it was written. It was the custom of the 
euriyChurch that Baptism should he solemnly adminis- 
tered to many eotecatuunt, that is, persons who bad 
been under instruction and preparation for it, on Easter 
Eve. This hymn then refers hi the first place to them 
. , , I*e Iamb's JM0A banquet toe await* These newly 
baptised persons were now for tbe first time about to 
receive the Holy Communion, and therefore truly 
waiting for that high banquet, 'In enov-^ohiU robtt ' 
[the ' Et stolia alble oandidi 1 of the original], because, at 
Baptism, a white garment was given to tbe persona 
baptised, with words like these : ' Take this white 
vesture for a token of the innocence which, by God's 
grace, in thla holy Sacrament of Baptism, is given unto 
thee aud for a sign w hereby tbon art admonished, so long 
as thou livest, to give thyself to innocency of living, that 
after this transitory life thon mayeat he partaker of life 

The chrisom-robea were worn from Easter Eve 
till Low Sunday (all the week-days of the octave are 
marked in AJbis in the Soeramentary of S. Gregory), 
for which the ancient name was *Itomlnica in altna 
denosttla,' as In the Ambrostan Jftnoi, or, shortly, 
' Dominica In Albis, 1 because on this day the newly 
baptized first appeared without toe ehrfeonts, or white 
robes, which they had worn every day since their bap- 
tism on Easter Eve. [V.] 

Translations In C. U. :— 

1. At the Qraat Buster of the Lamb, From the 
SarwA Brev. by W. J. Blew. 1st printed on a 
ny*aheet for use in his chnrch, cir. 1850, and 
then pub. in his Hy. and Tune Bk., 1852, with 
music, in 4 St. of 4 1. This waa repeated in 
Mr. Rice's Sel, from that work, 1870, No. 52. 

t, Tha Lamb's high banquet stands displayed, 
[we await], By J. M. Neale. The first reading 
"stands displayed" was given in the original 
prospectus of the Hymnal iV., Feb., 1851. In the 
ficclesiotagist of April, 1851, the tr. reading 
"The Lamb's high banquet tre aitait," ap- 
peared in full, and in 1852 it waa repeated 
in the Hymnal N., Ho. 29, with St. i. 1. 2, 
"royal" for "festal state:" and St. ii. 1. a 
" tasting of" for « tasting there." From the 
Hymnal S. it passed into the People's H., 1867, 
No. 117, unaltered ; with the omission of st. iti. 
into Skinner's Daily Service H., 1864, No. 131, 
and again into other collections. 

8, The Lamb's high banquet oalled ta ahan. 
This tr. is well known through //, A. and M. 
It is Dr, Neale's tr. altered by the compilers. 
Referring to the use niiule by the editors of 


various hymnals of hia numerous Irs., Dr. Neale 
wrote in the Preface to his Med. Hys., 2nd ad., 
1863, p. vi., with a special reference to this tr. 
and the H. A. and M. alterations: — 

" In some instsnees I thsnkfully acknowledge them . 
[tbe alterations) to be improvements ; In some, I think 
that, had the reproducers studied the Commentaries of 
Cffcatoeeur and Hebristentis, they would have left the 
original as it was. I will give an example or two : In 
the (lotions Ad Ooenam Agni previdi, tbe last word of 
the first line is undoubtedly the nominative esse plural— 

* The Lamb's high banquet we aviait,' 

as it Is In the Symndt Noted. But m most reproduc- 
tions that line Is altered, I suppose from tbe editors 
either not seeing or not believing that tbe adjective 
applies to ourselves, not to tbe Lam. Again, In tlie 
same hymn, ' Cruore ejus rosea,' Is tranelated by i — 

• And tasting of IBs roseate Blood.' 

" The epithet is everywhere altered to crmwn, be- 
cause the editors did not see Its force. The poet would 
tell us that, though one drop of our Lord's Blood waa 
sufficient to redeem the world, 

('Cujus una stllla salvum racere 
Totum muudum quit ab omni acelere,' 

as S. Thomas says,) yet out of the greatness of His love 
to us He would abed all. As everyone knows, the last 
drainlngs of life-blood are not crimson, but an of a far 
paler hue : strictly speaking, roseate. Change tbe word, 
and you eliminate tbe whole idea." 

In his Short Commentary on the Hymnal iK, 
Dr. Neale gives the fact that Christ is the JVim 
Hose as a second reason for the word roseate. 

In the revised ed. of H. A. and if., 1875, this 
latter alteration is amended, and the line reads : 
"And tasting of His precious blood;" 

a new departure, which, we doubt not, Dr. Neale 
would have been alow to accept, 

4. The lamb's high banquet tailed to thai*, 

No. 277 in the Hymnary is a cento, mainly from 
E, Caswell's rendering of " Ad regis* Agni 
dapes ; " but there are a few lines from Dr. Scale 
as above in st. i., ii. and iv. 

t. Tha Stepper of the Lamb to than. By Mrs. 

Charles, from the old text in Daniel, i. 87, ap- 
peared in her Voice of Christian Life tit Song, 
1858, p. 103, in 7 st. of 41. This was included in 
Mercer, Ox. ed. t 1864, with the omission of st. ii., 
and the addition of a doxology, and in SchalFs 
Christ in Song, 1870, p. 186, unaltered. 

Translation* not fu C. Tf. i— 
1. At sapper of the Lamb prepared. Primer, ISM. 

5, At Una High Feast the Lamb hath matte. Cham- 
beri, t. Its. 

s. The Paschal Feast, not girt with night. JEVnotion, 
188& [J. J.] 

This hymn has also been rendered into 
German, and again from the German into 
English thus : — 

a tr. in 

8 its. of 4 1., by Christian Knorr von Roseuroth, 
let pub. in his Newer Helicon, Nurnberg, 1684, p. 
129, and included as No. 118 ill freylmghaasen'i 
G. Jr., 1704. The onlyfr. is "Come now to tbe 
Lamb's Feast," as No. 190 in the Appendix of 
1743 to the Moravian II. Bk., 1743 (1754, pt. i., 
No. 220). [J. MJ 

Ad laudea Salvatoris. [Fast. Com, of 

Bp.&Conf.'] Text in Wackernagel, i. No, 255, 
from the Lnbeck Missal, c. 1480, and others. 
Neale's ftequenti* ex Mistalibxtt, p. 281, from 
the Missals of Utrecht, 1513, and Salzbnrg, 
1515, where it occurs a* a Seij, for the Feast of 


it Bishop & Confessor, ns may be sroo from 
various passages in the hymn ; though Neale 
styles it a Btq. for the Common of a Confessor 
nata Bithop. Daniel, v. p. 149, quotes tho text 
from Neale. In .K«fcre»B it is No. 465. 

£W. A. S.] 
Translation in C. U. : — 

ye who feu, yet fearing lone, wis made for 
and 1st pub. in the People's H., 1867. No. 21B 
ns a hymn " Common for Priests." It is by " S. 
M." i.e. Sisfe,- Miriam. 

Ad perennis vitae fontem mens ei- 

tivit arida. Card. Peter Damiani. [The 
Heavenly Citji.] 1. The earliest form of this 
great poem on tlie "Glory of Paradise," is 
found m tho Liber MedHaHonum, usually as- 
cribed to St. Augustine, and because of its 
presence therein, it is often given as his. 
The Benedictine editors of St. Augustine's 
Works, however, included it under protest; 
und Archbishop Trenoh disposes of tliesa 
claims in the following emphatic manner : — 



" This poem has been often attributed to Augustine, 


cribed to blm. These Meditaiionee, however, are plainly 


does in tbe Jlfcdttationes, long as- 

a cento from Anselm, Gregory tbe Great, and man; 
others besides Auguetlne ; from whom they are Tightly 
adjudged sway In the Benedictine ed;, as Indeed in 
earlier as welt. The hymn Is Dainianr*, and quite the 
noblest he has left ue. Sac. tot. Poetry, IS4S, p. we, 
2nded.iset, p. 136. 

2. Following the Benedictine editors, and 
anticipating Archbishop Trench, Cajetan in- 
cluded the poem in vol. iii. of his ed. of Da- 
miani'a Works, with tho title "Petri Damiani, 
Gardinalis Ostreusis, ex dictis beat! Augustini, 
Hympus de Gloria Paradisi." (Petri iJamiani 
Opera, pars iii., 915-918, ed. Domini Canstan- 
tint Cajetanf) [Borne, 1606-1615, vol. iv. in 
1640; Lyons, 1623; Paris, 1612 and 1643.] 

3. Daniel, 1841-1856, gives the full text in 
vol. i. pp. 114-117, as from certain editions 
of tho works of St. Augustine ; at Strasburg, 
1480 ; Venice, 1728 ; and adds that it is also 
found in Fabricius, Earabaeh, and others. 
Notes on tbe text are also added. He supplies 
corrections and additions in vol. ii. p. 882; 
iii. p. 281, and iy. pp. 203-4. 

4. It is also given, in every case with notes 
and various readings, in Du MeHl, 1843, 
p. 131. Mone, i. p. 422. Trench, 1849,p. 296. 
Mir/net Patrol, torn. 149, col. 861-864, and 
many others. One of tbe moat interesting re- 
prints is Dr. Kynaston's, The Glory of Para- 
dise. A Bhythmieal Hymn, bu Peter Damiani, 
ed. with translation. LontL, F. Fellosves, 
Ludgate Street, 1857. 

Translations in C. U. ;— 

1, On the fount of life eternal, — By E. Caswall, 
1st pub. in bis Masque of Mary, 1868, and again 
in his Hymns $ Poems, 1873, pp. 214-218, in 
20 st. of 6 1. From this two centos have been 
compiled (1) beginning with the opening st* in 
the Hynmary, No. 614, and consisting of st. i., 
Hi., v., Tiii, ix., xv., xvii., iii., and ii., with 
slight alterations. (2) "Who can paintthat 
lovely city," in the E. C Hys. for the Tear, 
No. 51. This is composed of st. iii., v., vi., vii., 
and iii., also slightly altered. 

a. Fai tbe Fount of life eternal, I* mj thirsting, 

Sic. — No. 484, in the PMpte's II., is a cento ar- 
ranged by Dr. Littledsie for that collection, 1867, 
from trs, by Wackerbartb, 1846 ; Neale, Joys 
and Glories of Paradise, 1865, with additions 
from his own translation in Lyra Mystica, 1865. 

5, For the Fount of life eternal, thitstily, *e. — 
By the Rev. J. Dayman, 1st pub. in the Sarnin 
H., 1668, Kb. 320," in 13 st. of G 1. 

franslatdens net in 0. IT. :— 

1. My thirsty soul desires her drought. Aittpt. puo. 
In The Song of Mary the Mother o/ chritt, fcc, 1601 ; 
reprbited In part by the Paiker Sue. In tiel. p. e/ the 
reian of Q. JftieabelKi and In Dr. Hollar's Jftio Jem* 
tafem, 1855!, from a MS. In the Brit. AIus. 

i. My heart sa hart for water thirsts. Sylvester, 1631, 

3. Unto tbe spring of purest life. In tbe Meditation/, 
Sotilaquia, and Manual of the Glorious Uoetor, £, 
Juyuitin. Parte, IBM, 

*. For life eternal's living spring. S. Avgustin'iOm- 
tetsiant, lets, given in some copies as translated by 
Abraham Woodnead. 

6, For life's Eternal, Ae, WotterbarlJi, IMS. 

6. Yearningly my fond heart tblrsteth.&c. ; J. Bank*, 
In bis Jfugac, 1854 ; and previously la tbe 0ivrchman'e 
Companion, 1B4S. 

y. For the Fount of living waters panting. Kymiton, 

8. IniheFountof life,&c. Mrs. Charles, 185S. 

9. For tbe tfcnwt of living waters. Kynatton t iB9fl. 

10. For the Fount of life eternal. Neale as above, ISM. 

11. FortbeFouotoflKeetemal. /,itfWale, 18S5. 
13. For Ufe'e Eternal spring. Morgan, 1871. 

13. The mind atbirst pants for the fount, R. B. Bos* 
ma's Ps. <t Mys., 183S. [J, J,] 

Ad regias Agni dapes. The Bomau 
Breviary version of the Ambrosinn Ad coenam 
Agni providi, above. It is the hymn at Ves- 
pers, " Sabbato in Albis," i.e. on Saturday in 
Basterrweek, and afterwards on Sundays and 
week-days, when no Festival occurs and tht 
Ferial Office is said, till the first Vespers of 
the Ascension. In addition to the ordinary 
editions of the Rom. Brev. the text is given iu 
several modem Itoman (Jatholio hymnals. 
Card. Newman's Hymni Eecl, 1838-65; 
Biggs's Annotated ed. of Ii. A. & X., 1867; 
Daniel, i. No 81, &c. [W, A. S.] 

Translations in C. U. : — 

1, In garnunU dignt of virgin white. By W. 
J. Copeland. 1st pub. in his Hys. for the Week, 
1848, p. 81. In its original form it is not iu 
C. U. ; except in Hijs. and Intro&i, 1852, No. 70, 
but as " Now at the Lamb's high royal feast" it 
was given in Murray's Hymnal, 1852, Mo. 57, and 
later collections. The opening line was borrowed 
from £. Caswall's tr. as under. 

a. Bow at the Lamb's high royal feast, By E. 

Caswall, iu his Lyra CatAolica, 1849, p. 94, and 
again in his Hys. and Poems, 1873, p. 53, in 7 st. 
of 4 I. This is the tr. usually found in Roman 
Catholic hymn-books. An altered form of this 
in 4 st. is No. 52 in the Irvingite Hys. for the 
Use of the Churches, 1864, beginning " Guest s at 
the banquet of the Lamb." 

3. At the Lamb's Xffb. Feast we sin*. By E, 
Campbell, written ia 1849 [a MSS.J and 1st 
printed in his collection commonly known as 
the St. Andrea's Hymnal, 1850, in 4 st. of 8 1. 
In the original MS3. the first two lines are 
added as a refrain to each verse, but arc omitted 
in the printed text. Cooke and Denton's Hymnal 
was the first to bring it into prominent notice, 
although in an altered form which has been 
copied by many compilers. Its use exceeds that 



of all other trs. of the "Ad Regias Agn!" put 
together ; being found in h more or less correct 
form, in the most important collections of the 
Ch. of England. Many of the alterations in 
//. A. and M., Church Ays., Thrmg, and others 
date from Cooke and Denton's Hymnal, 1853, the 
Salisbwy II. Bk., 1857, and others. Another 
arrangement of Campbell's teit is, " To the 
Lamb's High Feast we press," given in Bev. 
Francis Pott's Coll., 1861, No. 90. 

4. At the lamb's right royal taut. By J. A. 
Johnston. 1st pub. in the 2nd ed. of his Engihh 
Hymnal, 1856, No. 117, and repeated in the 3rd 
ed., 1861. It is an imitation, in the same metre, 
of B. Campbell's (r., and takes the placa of John- 
ston's tr." Now at the bsnqnet of the Iamb," 
in L.M., which appeared in the 1st ed. of the 
English Hymnal, 1852, No. 110. 

5. The Bananet of the Lamb la laid, By It. C. 
Singleton, made for and first pub. in his Angli- 
can II. Bk., 1868, No. 119, 

5. We heap the Festival. By A. JR. Thompson, 
contributed to Schaffa Christ in Song, 1869. 

7. Own*, Join the Singly Banquet free. By F. 
Trappes, in his Liturgical Hys., n. d., (1865), in 
8 "st. of 4 1. In 1871 at. i.-v. and viii. were 
given as a hymn in 3 st. of 81. in Hys. and Carol), 
Church Siaters' Home, St. John's Wood, 1871. 

Translations not in C. U. I — 

1. At the Lamb's regal banquet where. Manual ef 
rrayeri and lAtaniw, 1080. 

1. From pnrnle seas and land of toll. Primer, lfo«. 

a. Now at the Lamb's imperial Ptast Bp. Mant, 

4. Fjused the Bed and angry sen. Bp- Williams, 

6. The Red Sea now is passed. Kate, IMO. 

s. In garments bright of saintly white. Horicon, 

1. Come to the Lamb's right royal feast. Wallace, 

8. Slag, for the dark Red Sea is past. 11. N. Oxenham, 
im, [J, J.] 

Ad templa, nos rursus vocat, Charles 
Coffin. [Sunday Morning.'] In hia Htfmni Sacri, 
p. 8, ed. Paris, 1736, under the heading Die 
Dominica ad Laudes MdUdinas. In the re- 
vised Paris Brev. of the Abp. Oiiarles de Yin- 
timille, 1736, it is the hymn for Sunday at 
Lauds ; ne also in the Lyons and other modern 
Frenoli Breva. Text as above, and in Card. 
Newman's Hymni Bed. 1838, p. 2. [W. A. 8.] 

Translations in C. U. : — 

1, Horsing lifts her dewy vail, by I. Williams, 
1st pub. in the British Mag. 1834, vol. v. p. 38, 
in 9 St. of i I., and again in his Hymns tr. from 
the Paris Brev., 1839, p. 3, and later editions. 
The following: — 

V, Vow morning lifts her dewy veil, is by J. 
Chandler, who, in his Preface to his Hymns of 
the Prim, Church, 1837, in which it appeared, 
thus alludes thereto : — 

" I have ventured to take the greatest psrt of the 3nd 
hymn from the translation in the ' British Idagaslne/ 
which, notwithstanding toe alterations I have made In it, 
still shines forth as the work of an evidently superior 
band." p.tx. 

This tr. has attained to a more extensive use 
than any other. It is given in Mercer, ed. 1864, 
No. 136, and Sarum, 1668, No. 293, in ita full 
form. The most popular arrangement is that 


of Chope, 1864, No. Ill, Thring's Coll., 1882, 
Ho. 9, and otheTS, with omission of st. vii., viii., 
and some alterations, 

5, Again the Sunday morn, by E. Caswall, ap- 
peared in hia Lyra Oatholica, 1849, p. 293, and 
again in his Hymns and Poems, 1873, p. 223. 
In its original form its use is very limited, but 
as: — 

t, Again the holy mom, it is given in several 
collections, including the Hymnary, 1872, No. 7, 
Hys. $ Carols, n. d., No. 15, the Roman Catholic 
Hys. for the Year, n. d., No. 83, and many others. 
Another form based upon Caswall's tr. is: — 

C, Whan first the world sprang forth, in Ken- 
nedy, 1863, No. 701. It is probably by the 
editor, and is not found elsewhere. 

6, Again the dawn gives warning meet. By 
Dr. Rorison, 1st pub. in his Hys. and Anthems, 
1851, p. 10, in 4 st. of 8 1. and 1 st, of 4 1. It 
is repeated in ]ater editions. 

Translation net in 0. V. :— 

Oncc more the beams of orient tight. Chambers, lflST. 

[J. J-] 

Adfun descended from above. C. 

Wesley. [Lent.] 1st pub. in hia Short Hymns, 
Sea., 1762, vol. i., No, 1044, but omitted from 
the2o.ded.,1794. Itwasincludedinthe Fes. 
H. Bk., 1780, and U retained in the revised 
ed. of 1875, No. 129 (P. Works, 1868-72, vol. 
is. p. 415). Another hymn by C. Wesley, 
beginning : — " Adam, descended from above, 
Thou only canst," &c., was pub. from his mss. 
Hymns on the Four Gospels, in P. Works 
of J. and C. Wesley, 1868-72, vol. JEt. p. 341, 
bnt it is not in common use, 

Adam, our father and our head. I, 
Watts. [Th» Fatt.] Appeared in his Horn 
Lyriex, 1706, in 13 st of 4 1., and entitled 
" Jesas the only Saviour." Its nse as a com- 
plete hymn is unknown. A cento therefrom 
of 5 at. was given in Eippon's Bapt. Sel., 
1787, No. 38, composed of at i., ii., iv., v., 
and vii. This has passed into common use 
to a very limited extent. 

Adam of St. Victor. Of the life of this, 
the most prominent and prolific of the Latin 
hymnists of the Middle Ages, very little is 
known. It is even uncertain whether he was 
an Englishman or a Frenchman by birth. He 
is described by the writers nearest to his own 
epoch, aa Brito, whioh may indicate a native 
of either Britain, ox Brittany, AD that is cer- 
tainly known concerning him is, that about a j>. 
1130, after having been educated at Paris, he 
became, ns quite a young man, a monk in iho 
Abbey of St. Victor, then in the suburbs, but 
afterwards through the growth of that city, 
included within the walls of Paris itself. In 
this abbey, which, especially at that period, 
was celebrated as a school of theology, he 
passed the whole of the rest of his lira, and 
iu it he died, somewhere between the years 
1172 and 1192 a.d. Possessed of " the pen 
of a ready writer," he seems to have occupied 
his life in study and authorship. Numerous 
as are the hymns and sequences satisfactorily 
proved to have been written by him, which 
have come down to us, there would seem to be 


little doubt that many more may Irave perished 
altogether, 01 are extant without his name 
attaching to them; while he was probably 
the author of several prose works as well. 
His Sequences remained in us. iu the care 
and custody of the monks of their author's 
Abbey, until the dissolution of that religions 
foundation at the Revolution ; but Gome 37 of 
them, having found their way by degrees into 
more general circulation, were pub. l>y Olich- 
toveus, a Roman Catholic theologian of the 
first half of the 16th cent, in his Elucida- 
(ori'uin Ecclesiastieum, which passed through 
bovutoI editions from 1516 to 1556, at Parts, 
Basel and Genova. Of the rest of the 106 
Hymns and Sequences that we possess of 
Adam's, the largest port— some 47 remaining' 
unpublished — were removed to the National 
Library in the Louvre at Paris, on the de- 
struction of tho Abbey. There they were 
discovered by M. Leon Gautier, the editor 
of the first complete edition of them, Paris, 

The subjeots treated of in Adam's Hymns 
and Sequences may be divided thus : — 

Christmas, T ; Circumcision, l ; Eister, St Ascension, i ; 
Pentecost, 6 ; Trinity, 2 ; tho Dedication of a Church, 4 ; 
B.Y. M., 11; Festivals of Saints, 63; The Invention 
oT the Cross, 1; The Exaltation of the Crow, 1; Oil the 
Apostles, 3 ; Evangelists, 2 ; Transfiguration, 2. 

Although all Adorn of St. Victor's Sequences 
were evidently written for use in the services 
of his church, and were, doubtless, so used in 
his own Abbey, it is quite uncertain how many, 
if any, of them were used generally in the 
Latin Church. 

To the lover of Latin hymns the works of 
this author should not be unknown, and pro- 
bably are not ; hut they are far less generally 
known than the writings should be of one 
whom such an authority as Archbishop Trench 
describes as " the foremost among the sacred 
Latin poets of the Middle Ages." His prin- 
cipal merits may be described as comprising 
terseness and felicity of expression ; deep and 
accurate knowledge of Scripture, especially 
its typology; smoothness of versification; 
richness of rhyme, accumulating gradually as 
ho nears the conclusion of a Sequence ; and a 
spirit of devotion breathing throughout his 
work, that assures the reader that his work is 
" a labour of love." An occasional excess of 
alliteration, which however at other times he 
uses with great effect, and a disposition to 
overmuch "playing upon words," amounting 
sometimes to " punning," together with a de- 
light in heaping up types one upon another, 
till, at times, he succeeds in obscuring his 
meaning, are the chief defects to be set against 
the many merits of his style. Amongst the 
most beautiful of his productions may be men- 
tioned, perhaps, his Juetindare jdeot fidelis ; 
Veibi vere jutstoniftfi ; Potestale non natrtra ; 
Stola regni laureates ; Meri mwnoVs er.nltavit ; 
Laudes cruets alloUanw* (Neale considers this 
44 perhnps, his masterpiece ") ; Ave, Virgo it'n- 
gularis; Salve, Mater Salvatoris; Animemur 
ad agonem; and Vox sonora Dotlri chori. 
Where almost all are beautiful, it is difficult, 
and nlinost invidious, to make a selection. 

Of his Hymns and Sequences the following 



editions, extracts, and translations have been 
published : — 

i. Original with Translation/ : 

(1) (Enures Poetiqttes d' Attorn de S.- Victor. Pat 
I,. GauHcr, Paris, 1858, It Is lit two vols, duodecimo, 
and contains, besides a memoir of Adam of St. Victor, mid 
iin exhaustive essay upon his writings, a 16th cent. tr. 
into French of seme 46 of the ecqs,, and full notes upon 
the whole series of them. (2) Me Liturgical Poetry of 
Adam, of St. Titter, /rout the text of Gautier, with trt. 
into English in the original metres, and thort explana- 
tory notes bp IHgby H. Wrawghtmi, M.A., St. John's 
Colt., Oxford, Hear of Darrinpton, Yorlahite, 3 vols. 
Tsnvl,, Ktgan Paul, 1BS1. (3) In addition to these cotn- 

Irteto ods., numeious specimens from the originals are 
bund in Daniel, Mont, Kiinigtfetd, Trench, Jjoftlc's 
Latin rear, Dom. Cuersnger's Anme Litwgique, de. 

ii. Translations: — 

(1) As stated before, 46 of tho Sequences are given by 
Gautier In a French tr. of the IMh cent. (2) In English 
we hove trt. of the whole series by Digby & lrVrangham 
in his work as above ; 11 by Dr. JVeale in Mttd. Ifytnnm 
16, more freely, by D. T. Morgan in his figs, and other 
Petti;/ of thz fjttm Church ; and one or more by Mis. 
diaries, Mrs. Chester, C. & Cslverloy, and the Hers. C. 
B. Pearson, K A. Dayman, E. Caswull, K. F. IJttledale, 
and I>ean Plumptre. Trose fri. ore also given in tho 
Itcv. Dom Laurence Sboplicru'e tr. into English of Dom 
Gueranger T s worts. 

iii. EnglitHi Vie: — 

From the general character of (heir metrical construc- 
tion, It has not been possible to any great extent to 
, utilise these very beautiful compositions in the services 
of the Anglican Church. The following, however, are 
I from Adam of St. Victor, and are fully annotated in this 
| work:— (l)inff. A. A Jf.,Noe, 64 and 434 (psrtly) ) (2) 
in the Rymnary, Nos. 210, 213, 324, 380, 3S2, 403,418) 
(3) in the People's B-, 215, 217, 3M ; and (*) '" Skinner's 
Vaily Service IT., 236. [£). S. W.] 

Adami, Johann Christian, b. Jan. 13, 
1062, at Luckau, Brandenburg, graduated 
h.a., nt the University of Wittenberg, 1681, 
became diaeonus, 1684, and pastor, 1*591, at 
Luckau ; from 1711 pestor primarius at Liibben, 
whero lie d. May 12, 1715. 

His 26 hymns appeared tn tl\&l£vanffcliicheszion,oder 
voUsttindigct O. fl.,Lclpiig and I.Bbben, 1120, ti. by bis 
son, for use in the &iederlaugit£ (Bode, p. 33; iVrtiel's 
A. IT., vol. i., pt. 1., p. 44 ; JGcher's Gclehrteit Lexicon, 
1TS0, vol. 1., col. 88). One has been tr., vli. :— 

Tn Msf*t dn mdn Qerauthe. [Cress and Conto- 
[atton.] Included as No. lflll ia the Berlin G. L. 8., 
3S32, and as No. 239S in Knanp's En. L. 8., 1S3T (1BS5, 
JjTo, 2126). Dr. Jacobs, of Wernigcrode, informs me 
that it appeared 112s as above, p. SSS, in 7 st, or s ]. 
tills is tr, as !— 

N My soul, why this complaining, " by Miss Burling- 
batll, In the British Herald, 1886, p. 206, repeated as 
No, 33T la Beid's Praise Sk., 18T2, [J. M.] 

Adams, John, b. at Northampton, 1751 ; 
d. there, May 15, 1835. Ho was for several 
years a member of the Baptist denomination, 
but being expelled, on the ground of doctrine, 
from the chapel which he attended, he opened 
a place of worship on his own account and 
constituted himself the minister. On retiring 
from business in 1811, he removed to London, 
then to Olney, and finally returned to North- 
ampton. Several of hie hymns were printed 
in the Gospel Magazine in 1776,. Very fow, 
however, have come into general uso. 

Adams, John GreenleaC Co-editor with 
Dr. E. H. Ohapin of the Universalist Xyuuu, 
for Gfcmftan .Deration, 1846; and, alone, of tho 
Gospel Psalmist, 1861. He was b. in Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire, 1810. The collec- 
tions named contain in each cose 16 hymns 



by him. They ate not, however, received 
outside his sect. The beat are : — 

1, Heavenia here, ttaltynins of gladness. [Peace.J 
Ootitri bated to the Hymns for Christian Devotion, 
1846, No. 419, in 4 st. of 4 1. 

1. G*d'» upli ! not only on lift do they lint, 
[ifinijtry o/ -iagrrtjj No. 830 in his Gospel 
Psalmist, 1861, and So. 240 in Longfellow and 
Johnson's Hys. of the Spirit, Boston. 1864. 

(F. M. BO 
Adams, John Quinoy. b. nt Brain- 
tree (afterwards called "Quiocy'), Mass., 
1767, waB a sou of President Adams. After 
graduating at Harvard College he was, from 
1791 to 1801, minister to the Netherlands, 
to England, and to Prussia. In 1806 he was 
appointed Professor of Rhetoric in Harvard 
College; in 1809 minister to Russia; 1817 
Secretary of State ; and, from 1824 to 1829, 
President of tho United States. In 1831 lie 
was elected a Member of the House of 
Representatives. Died suddenly, Feb. 21, 
1848. His high position and principle are 
well known, as also tbe incidents of his poli- 
tical life. He was a- member of the Unitarian 
body. His Memoir, by the Hon. Josiah 
Quincy, was published soon after his death, 
and alio bis Poems of Religion and Society, 
N. Y., 1848 (4th ed. t 1854). He wrote, but 
never printed, an entire Version of the Psalms, 
seventeen of which, with five hymns, were 
inserted by his pastor, Dr, Lunt, in the Chris- 
tian, Psalmist, 1841. Of these the following 
are still in use : — 

1. Sure to tho mansions of the blest. [Burial.'] 
This is part of a piece of 20 stanzas, which ap- 
peared in the Monthly Anthology and Boston 
Reekie, Jan., 1807. It is entitled "Lines addressed 
to a mother on the death of two infants, 19th 
Sept. 1803, and L9th Deer., 1806," 

S. Alas! how swift tit* moment* fly. [Time."] 
Sometimes given as " How swift, alas, the mo- 
ments fly," was written for the 200th anniver- 
sary of the First Congregational Church, 
Quincy, Sept. 29, 1839. 

8. Haikl'tiatheheirteiaplebelL [Sunday.] Of 
these Noa. 2 and 3 are found in Lyra Sac. Amer, 
and 2 in Putnam's Singers and Songs of tie 
Liberal Faith, 1875. [F. M. B,] 

Adams, Hehemlah. b. at Salem, Mass., 
Feb. 19, 1806, and graduated at Harvard, 
1826, and Andover, 1829. He was Congrega- 
tional pastor at Cambridge, 1829-1834,and of 
Essex St. Church, Boston, 1834-1870. He d. 
1878. In 1854 he published South-tide View 
of Slavery, and in 1864 he edited Church 
Pastorale. His hymns are : — 

1. Dome, take Bis offers now. [Invitation.] An 
adaptation from C. Wesley, given in his Church 
Pastorals, 1864, and repeated in the Hymns and 
8. of Praise, N. Y., 1874. 

a. Bsints 1b (lory, we together. [Praise."] This 
is also in Ch. Pastorals 1864, and the Hys. $ 8. of 
Praise, 1874, where it is said to be by "S. E. 
Mahfnkd." This name, which has led compilers 
astray for some time, is purely fictitious. 

[F. M, B.] 

Adams, Sarah, nee Flower, b. at 

Harlow, Essex, Feb. 22nd, 1805 ; d. in London, 

Aug. 14, 1848, and was buried at Harlow, 

Aug. 21, 1848. She was the younger daughter 


of Mr. Benjamin Flower, editor nnd proprietor 
of The Cambridge Intelligencer; and was 
married, in 1834, to William B. Adams, a civil 
engineer.^ In 1841 she pub. Vivia Perpelua, 
a dramntio poem dealing with the conflict of 
heathenism and Christianity, in which Vivia 
Perpetua suffered martyrdom; and in 1845, 
The Floek at the Fountain; a catechism and 
hymns for children. As a member of the 
congregation of the Rev. W. J. Fox, an Uni- 
tarian minister in London, she contributed 
IS hymns to tho Hys. and Anthems, pub, by 
C. Fox, Lond., in 1841, for use in bis chapel. 
Of these hymns the most widely known are — 
"Nearer, my God, to Thee," and "Hesendeth 
sun, He sendeth shower." The remaining 
eleven, most of which have come into common 
use, more especially lit America, arc : — 

1. Creator Spirit ! Thou the first. Holy (Jrfrtt. 

2. Darkness shrouded Calvary. Good Pnd&y. 

3. Gently Kill the dewe of eve, evening. 

4. Go, and watch the Autumn leaves. Avttmn. 
o. hallowed memories of toe post. Jteowries. 

5. human heart E thou hast a song, fratee. 
J. OI would sing a song of praise, Praia. 

S. O Lore I thou makest atl things oven. Ijnx. 

fl. Fartin Peace! is day before ue ? Clow of Service. 
IS. Sing to the Lord ! for Hie metciesare sure. Praise. 
11. The moumeia came at break of day. Easter. 

Mrs. Adams also contributed to Novello's 
musical edition of Songs for the Months, n. d. 
Nearly allof the above hymns are found in the 
Unitarian collections of G. Brit, and America. 
In Martinean's flf/mnso/P. and P., 1873, No. 
389, there is a rendering by her from Fe'nelon : 
— " Living or dying, Lord, I would bo Thine." 
It appeared in the Hys. and Antliems, 1841. 

Addiacott, Henry, b. at Devonport, 1806 ; 
educated for the Congregational Ministry; 
ministered to charges at, Torquay, 1837, 
Maidenhead, 1838-1843; and Taunton 1843- 
1860, and died suddenly in Liverpool, Oct. 2, 
1860. He published no volume of poems or 
hymns, and iB known to hymnology through 
hU " And is there, Lord, a cross for me," a 
pleasing production on the words " Take up 
the cross and follow Me," which he contributed 
to the New Cong., 1859, No. 650. 

Addison, Joseph, b. at Milston, near 
Amesbury, Wiltshire, May 1, 1672, was the 
son of the Rev. Lancelot Addison, sometime 
Dean of Lichfield, and author of Devotional 
Poems, &q., 1699. Addison was educ&tedat 
the Charterhouse, and at Magdalen Coll., 
Oxford, graduating B.A. 1691 and m.a. 1693. 
Although intended for the Church, he gave 
himself to the study of law and politics, and 
soon attained, through powerful influence, to 
some important posts. He was successively a 
Commissioner of Appeals, an Under Secretary 
of State, Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of 
Ireland, and Chief Secretary for Ireland. He 
married, in 17161, the Dowager Countess of 
Warwick, and d. at Holland House, Kensing- 
ton, June 17, 1719. Addison is most widely 
known through his contributions to The Spec* 
later, The Toiler, The Guardian, and The 
Freeholder. To ihe first of these he contri- 
buted his hymns. His Cato, a tragedy, is well 
known and highly esteemed. 

Addison's claims to the authorship of the 
hymns usually ascribed to him, or to certain 
of them, have been called in question on two 


occasions. The first was the publication, by 
Captain Thompson, of certain of those hymns 
in bis ed. of the Work* of Andrew Marvell, 
] 776, as the undoubted compositions of Mar- 
vell ; and the second, ft claim in the Athenseum, 
July 10th, 1880, cm behalf of tho Eev. Richard 
Richmond. Fully to elucidate the subject it 
■will be necessary, therefore, to give a chrono- 
logical history of the hymns as tbey appeared 
in tho Spectator from time to time. 

i. The Hittory of the Hymns in The Spectator. 
— This, as furnished in successive numbers of 
tho Spectator, is : — 

1. The first of these hymns appeared in the 
Spectator of Saturday, July 26, 1712, No. 441, 
in 4 at. of 6 1. The article in which it appeared 
was on Birine Providence, signed *'C. Tha 
hymn itself, "The Lord my pasture shall pre- 
pare," was introdaoed with these words : — 

" David has very beautifully represented this steady 
reliance on God Almighty in Ms twenty-4biid psoltn, 
which Is a kind of pastoral hymn, and filled with those 
allusions which are usual in that kind of writing As 
the poetry la very exquisite, I shall present my readers 
with the following translation or it." {Orig. Broad' 
ihtel, Brit. JfHtO 

2. The second hymn appeared in the Spectator 
on Saturday, Aug. 9, 1712, No. 453, in 13 at. of 
4 1., and forms the conclusion of an essay on 
"Gratitude.'* It is also signed "C," and b thus 
introduced : — 

* I have already obliged the public with some pieces 
of divine poetry which have fallen into my hands, and 
as they have met with the reception which they deserve, 
I snaU, from tune to time, communicate any work of 
the same nature which has not appeared in print, and 
may be acceptable tu my readers, (prig. Broadtheet, 
Brit. Jruft.) 

Then follows the hymn:— "When all Thy 
mercies, O my God." 

3. The number of the Spectator for Tuesday, 
Aug. 19, 1712, No. 4S1, is composed of three 
parts. The first is an introductory paragraph 
by Addison, the second, an unsigned letter from 
Isaac Watts, together with a rendering by him 
of Ps. 114th ; and the third, a letter from Steele. 
It is with the first two we have to deal. The 
opening paragraph by Addison is :— 

« For want of time to substitute something else In the 
Room of them, 1 am at present obliged to publish Com- 

Jdiments above my Desert In the following Letters. It 
■ no small Satisfaction, to have given Occasion to inge- 
nious Hen to employ their Thoughts upon sacred 
Subjects from the Approbation of such Pieces of Poetry 
as they have seen m my Saturday's papers. I shall 
never publish Verse on that Day but what is written 
by the sune Hand ; yet shall I not accompany tbose 
Writings with .Efe&grtttmt, but leave them to speak for 
themselves" (prig. Broadtheet, BrU. Jfw.) 

In his letter Dr. Watts, after some compli- 
ments to " Mr. Spectator," says : — 

" Upon reading the hymns that yon have published in 
some late papers, 1 bad a mind to try yesterday whether 
I could write one. The 114th Psalm appears to me an 
admirable ode, and I began to torn it into oar lan- 
guage". ..and more to the same effect^ finishing with i 
"If the following essay be not too facorrlgible, bestow 
upon it a few brlgbtenings from your genius, that I 
may leam how to write better, or write no mors. 1 ' 

The hymn which follows is — " When Israel, 
freed from Pharaoh's hand," in 6 at. of 4 1. 
Although this rendering of Ps. 114 is unsigned 
in the Spectator, its authorship is determined 
by its republication in Dr. Watts's .fttifaw of 
David, 1718. 



4. According to the promise thas given the 
remaining hymns in the Spocttftor appeared 
tn everg case, on a Saturday. The first was : — 
" The spacious firmament on high," which ap- 
peared on Saturday, Aug. 23rd, 1712, No. 465, 
that is, four days after the promise made in the 
note to Dr. Watts's letter and hymn. It is in 
3 st. of 8 1. signed " C," and is introduced at the 
close of an essay on the proper means of strength- 
ening and confirming faith in the mind of man. 
The quotation, " The heavens declare the glory 
of God," Ps. iii. 1, be., is followed by these 
words : — 

"As such a hold and sublime manner of Thinking 
famished out my noble Hatter for an Ode, the Header 
may see it . wrongbt into the following one." (Orig, 
Broadsluet, Brit. Mil.) 

5. The next hpnn was given in the Spectator 
on Saturday, Sep, 30th, 1712, No. 480, in 10 st. 
of 4 1., and signed " O." It begins : — " How 
are Thy servants blest, O Lord," and closes an 
essay on " Greatness " as a source of pleasure to 
the imagination with special reference to the 
ocean. It is thus introduced : — 

"Great painters do not only give usLandskips of 
Gardens, Groves, and Meadows, but very often employ 
their Pencils upon Sea-Fleces. I could wish you would 
follow their example. If this Bmall Sketch may de- 
serve a Place among your Works, I shall accompany it 
with a Divine Ode, made by a Gentleman upon the Con- 
clusion of hie Travels." (prig. Bnxtdeheet, Brit. Jttuj 

The "Travels" alluded to are evidently those 
of Addison on the Continent from 1699 to 1702, 
lieferring to an incident in his return voyage, 
Lord Maeaulay, in his essay on Addison in the 
Edinburgh Eerietn of July, 1843, says: — 

"In December, 1 ISO, he embarked st Marseilles. As 
he glided along the Llgurlan coast, be was delighted by 
the sight of myrtles and olive trees, which retained thefr 
verdure under tho winter solstice. Soon, however, be 
encountered one of the black storms of the Mediter- 
ranean. The captain of the ship gave up all for loot, 
and confessed himself to a capuchin who happened to 
be on board. The English heretic, in the meantime, for- 
tified himself against the terrors of death with devotions 
of a very different hind. How strong an impression 
this perilous voyage made on htm, appears from the 
Ode, * How are Thy servants blest, O Lord ! ' which was 
long alter published in the Spectator* 1 

6. The last hymn of this series was : — " When 
rising from the bed of death." It appeared in 
the Spectator on Saturday, Oct. 18th, 1712, No. 
513, in o st. of 4 1. and signed "O." It is 
appended to a letter purporting to have been 
written by an " excellent man in Holy Orders 
whom I have mentioned more than once as one 
of that society who assist me in my specula- 
tions." The subject is " Sickness," and the 
concluding words are : — 

" It is this Series of Thoughts that I have endeavoured 
to express In the following Hymn, which I have com- 
posect during this my Sickness. 

7. Thfe whole of these hymns, including that 
by Watts, have been in common use during 
most of the past, and during the whole of 
the present century ; and although lacking 
the popularity which they once possessed, they 
are still found in the front rank in all English- 
speaking countries. They have also been trans- 
lated into various languages, including, "The 
Lord my pasture," Jjc ; " When all Thy mer- 
cies," &c. ; " The spacious firmament," &c, into 
Latin in the Rev. R. Bingham's Hymnoiogia 
Christiana Latitia, 1871, 



ii. Addison's Claims. — Tlie claims of Addi- 
son to the authorship of five of these six hymns 
(omitting that by Dr. Watts) are not of a 
character to bo removed or explained away. 
1. First wo find tliem included in essays which 
arc acknowledged to be his and hear his recog- 
nised signatures " C." and " 0." 2. They are 
clearly by the same writer as the prose of the 
essays, and are the natural outcome and 
reproduction, in metre,of their turns of thought 
and modes of expression. 3. Tliey are all 
Saturday hymns, and are declared by Addison 
himself to be in every ease "by the same 
hand." That the hand was the band of 
Addison is evident from a curious side-light 
which is thrown upon the subject by com- 
paring the passage with whioh he introduced 
the liymn " When all Thy mercies," &c, on 
Saturday, A ug. 9, 1712, as given in the original 
Broadsheet of that day, and the some passage 
as rewritten, and published in the first edition 
in book form of the Spectator, late in the same 
year. The first (although already quoted wo 
give it again for readiness of comparison) is ; 

" I have already obliged the public with some pieces 
of divine poetry which have fallen into my bands, and 
a9 they have met with the reception which they de- 
serve, I shall, from time to time, communicate any work 
of tbo same nature whioh has not appeared in print, 
and may bo acceptable to my readers. ' (Orig. Broad- 
sheet, Brit. Mae.) 

This passage reads thus in the first ed, of 
the Spectator, in boot form, 1712 : — 

"I hare Already communicated to the public some 
pieces of Divine Poetry, and as they have met with a 
very favourable reception, I shall from lime to time 
publish any work of the aame nature which has not 
yet appealed in print, and may toe acceptable to my 
readers." (Spectator, let e& King 1 ! Ooj>y, Brit. Ifiu.) 

This last reading is repeated in all subse- 
quent editions of the Spectator, and was evi- 
dently rewritten to remove the somewhat 
unbecoming assertion that the hymns " have 
met with the reception which they deseree ;" 
to harmonize it with the paragraphs concern- 
ing hymns in later numbers of the Spectator ; 
and to render it and them uniformly consistent 
with the received impression that he was the 
author of those pieces of "Divine Poetry" 
which appeared in tho Saturday numbers of 
the Spectator. 

4, Addison died in 1719. In 1721 Thomas 
Ticket!, one of the contributors to the Spec- 
tator, and to whom Addison left his papers 
with directions concerning their use, published 
the same in i vols., as The Works of the Bight 
Honourable Joseph Addison, Esqr., London, 
Printed for Jacob Tonson, at Shahespear's 
Head, over against Katharine Street m the 
Strand, if.DCC.xxi. In these vols, both the 
Essays and the Hymns arc given. They are 
also repeated In Tine Christian Poet. A Mis- 
cellany of Divine Poems all written by the late 
Mr. Secretary Addison, £c, London, Printed 
for E. Cutil, in the Strand, x.dcc.xx.yiii. 
Tho positive evidence for Addison is thns 

iiL Andrew MarneU. — The first and only 
claim on behalf of Marvelt was made by 
Captain Edward Thompson in The Work* of 
Andrew Marvelt, Esqr. Poetical, Controller^ 
sial, and Political, containing many original 
Letters, Poems and Tracts never before printed. 


with a New Life of the Author. By Cap. Ed- 
ward Thompson, in 3 vol*. London, Printed for 
the Editor, by Henry Baldwin. jf.BCC.Lxx.ri. 
In his Preface to tins work Thompson Buys : — 

"Since the death of Mr. Thomas Hollis I have been 
favoured by his successor with many anecdotes, manu- 
scripts, and, scarce compositions of our author, such aa 
I was unable to procure anywhere else; and by the 
attsntlon and friendship of Mr. Thomas Balkes, Ihave 
been put in possession of a volume of Mr. Marvell's 
poems, some written with his own hand, and the rest 
copied by bis ordsrsj this valuable acquisition was 
many yearn in the care of Mr. Kettleton, which serves 
now (in his own words) to delect the theft and igno- 
rance of some writers." 

Thompson then proceeds in the same Pre- 
face to give extracts from this mb. but without 
naming, in any iustance, the handwriting in 
which he found the quotations, thus leaving 
it an open question as to whether any given, 
piece was in the handwriting of Marvell,or of 
some one else. The hymns in the Spectator 
which he claims for Marvell are: — "When 
Israel, freed from Pharaoh's hand" (Dr, 
Watts); « When all Thy mercies, my God ; " 
and "The spacious firmament on high," 

Tiie first of these he vehemently and coarsely 
accuses Tiokell of stealing from Marvell ; the 
reason for attacking Tiokell, Instead of Addi- 
son, arising probably out of the fact that 
SteekVs letter in the same number of the 
Spectator as the hymn, as noted above, is 
signed "T." This ignorance on his part of 
Steele's signature, is equalled by his further 
ignorance of the faot that the piece in question 
was given by Dr. Watts as his own in his 
Psalms of David, in 1719, and had thus been 
before the public as Watts's acknowledged 
work, for some 57 years 1 

The argument as against Addison for the 
two remaining hymns is summed up in the 
accusation of theft on Addison's part, and the 
statement : — 

"How these came to Mr. Addison's hands I cannot 
explain ; but bv his words [' I bavs already communi- 
cated/ fee, as above} they seem to be remitted by corre- 
spondents, and might perhaps come from the relations 
of Marvel 1," 

To this we need only add that in no subse- 

Sient collection of Marvell's Works are these 
aims made, or the pieces reprinted: and 
that tho able and learned editor of The Com- 
pUle Works in Verse and Prose of Andrew 
Marvell, M.P., the Eev A. B. Grosart (Fuller 
Worthies Library), maintains in his " Memo- 
rial Introduction," pp. Ixii.-lxiv., that — 

" The claim put In by Captain Thompson for Marvell 
having written the well-known Songs of Zfon, called 
Paraphrases, commencing, ' The spacious firmament on 
high, 1 and ' When all Thy mercies, my God,' and 
' When Israel, freed from Pharaoh's hand,' and also the 
celebrated baltad of * William and Margaret/ cannot 
be sustained. As matter of fact It went by default at 
the time the claim was originally made, seeing that, 
cballsngsd to produce the us. book alleged to contain 
these pieces, It new vat iwoduesA and seems to have 
been destroyed. I have no idea that Captain Thompson 
meant to Impose ; but from hfs own account It la clear 
that while the hs. volume evidently contained many of 
Msrvslt's own poems— and for throe of the greatest 
(one being the mnttian Oiie) we are Indented to it— it 
is clear that anhsequent, and long subsequent, to Marvell, 
some other scribe bad turned the vacant leaves Into an 
album or commonplace book." 

The discussion of the claims on behalf of 
Marvelt, which appealed in the Gentleman's 
Magazine, 1776, has not been overlooked. As, 


however, tho writers argued from insufficient 
data, it would have produced confusion to 
have noticed that discussion in detail. 

iv. Richard Richmond, — The latest claim to 
the authorship of the piece "When all Thy 
mercies, O my God," has been nwde on behalf 
of one Kicbard Richmond, sometime Hector of 
Waltan-on-the-Ril)ble,Lanc».Bhire. Thishymn 
is found in an undated letter in the Ms. corre- 
spondence of John Ellis, one of Queen Anne's 
Under Secretaries of State. The writer of the 
letter begs for preferment at the hands of Ellis. 
The hymn is thus referred to therein : — 

"Appropriate this moat excellent hymn, suitable, 
sir, to your excellent virtues, and hope It may prove a 
motive for your honour's Christian benevoleuce to tho 
author la adversity, to comfort the sorrows Jn life, shall 
bq tbanHul to Heaven, and vour worship's most 
gracious hand." (Athenaum, July 30, 1&80.) 

In addition to tho arguments already set 
forth on behalf of Addison, we have, in this 
undated extract of bod English, a clear proof 
that the writer could never nave penned those 
lines which appeared in the Spectator of Satur- 
day, Aug. 9, 1712. The paragraph also, when 
rightly construed, shows that by the term 
author used therein, Richmond meant himself 
as the imfa- of the letter, and not as the 
author of the hymn. It is quite clear that he 
copied the hymn from the Spectator, end in- 
corporated it, with slight alterations, in his 
letter, to give grace to 1 lis ill-worded appeal for 
preferment at the hands of Ellis. 

From a literary, as distinct from a historical, 
point of view, there is abundant proof in the 
Essays and the Hymns that they were, in 
each case, the prose aud pootio expressions of 
the same hand. This has already been indi- 
cated in the titles we find given to the Essays, 
One example will show how conclusively this 
argument may be wrought out. It is from 
No. 453, on " Gratitude " :— 

" If gratitude La due from man to man, bow much 
more from man to his hfafcer? The Supreme Being 
does not on^ confer upon us thoae bounties, which pro- 
ceed more immediately from Ills hand, but even thoae 
benefits which an conveyed to us by otbeis. Every 
blessing we enjoy, by what means so ever It may be 
derlvea upon us, Is the gift of 111m who Is the great 
Author of good, and Father of merdes." 

This thought is then illustrated by refer- 
ences to the examples set to Christian poets 
by Greek and Latin poets and Jewish writers, 
who all excel in their Odes of adoration and 
praise ; and the essay closes with : — 
- When all Tliy merdes, O my God, 

My rising soul surveys ; 
Transported with the view, I'm lost 
In wonder, lore, and praise/' 

In this the thought, style, and mode of ex- 
pression, so far as prose and verse can agree, 
are the same, both in the Essay and in the 
Hymn. This evidenoe is also strengthened 
when we find that the Hymns, when compared 
with Addison's Poems, are strongly marked 
by the ssnw individuality. We may add that 
Addison's signature varied in the Spectator, 
and embraced the letters " 0," " L," *' I," and 
"0"; and that the original text of each hymn 
is given in all good editions of that work. 

[J. J.] 

Addison, Lancelot, d.d., father of the 
above, b. at Crosby Bnvensworth, Westmore- 
land, 1632, and educated at Queen's Coll., 



Oxford. Until the Restoration he spent part 
of his time at Oxford and part in retirement. 
He then became chaplain to the garrison at 
Dunkirk ; and in 1663, to that at Tangier. 
In 1670 he was appointed Chaplain in Ordi- 
nary to the King, shortly after, Sector of Mil- 
ston, Wilts, and Prebendary in the Catnedrul 
of Salisbury. Finally, in 1683, he was pre- 
ferred to the Deanery of Lichfield; d. 1703. 
In addition to some prose works, he published 
Devotional Poems, Festival and practical, on 
some of the chief Christian Festitah, Fault, 
Graces, and Virtues, &c. Lond., Henry Bon- 
wick, 1699. [J. J,] 

Ades Pater supreme. Frndenlitts. 
[Evening .] Given in all editions of his works, 
including Aurdii Prudentii Clementis V. C, 
Opera Omnia, vol. i. pp. 97-105, with notes 
(Lond., Yalpy, 1824). It is No. vi, of the 
Cathemerinon, and extends to 1S2 lines. Of the 
complete hymn we have no (r. into English, 
but three centos therefrom have been tr. thus : 

1, Aden Pater supreme — Be present, Holy Father, 
By J. M. Neale, in the enlarged ed. of the 
ffymtal 2?., 1854, Mo. 10, being a rendering of 11. 
1-12, 125-128, 141-152, and a doxology not in 
the original. This was repeated in the People's II. 
1867, No. 436, and with alterations in the Hym~ 
nary, 1872, No. 17. In this last, two sts. (v. 
vi.) were added from 11. 129-132, and 137-140. 
This cento is usually given for Sunday evening. 

*, limit laibor die! — To* toil of day is over. — 
By J. A. Johnston, added to his English Hymnal, 
1861, No, 253. It is a free rendering based 
upon st, iii.-vii, of Dr, Neale, as above. 

3. Guitar Dei memento — Servant of (rod, remem- 
her. This portion of the hymn, given in Daniel, 
i,, No. 110 ; Card. Newman's Hy. Eccl. 1838 and 
1865 ; Wackcrnagel and others, is composed of 11. 
125-152, with the audition of a doiology. It was 
used in the Sanaa Brev. " At Compline on Pas- 
sion Sunday, and Daily ap to Maundy Thursday." 
Also in the -ifMoraofi! Sren, ; the Mozarabio 
Hymnarium; and in an ltth cent. us. in the 
British Museum (Harl. 2931, f. 238). The tr. in 
C. 11. is :— " Servant of God ! remember," by W. 
J. Blew. First printed with music on a broad- 
sheet, and then in The Ch. Hy. and Tune Hi., 
1852 ; 2nd ed. 1855. It is from the Saram text, 
and in 7 st. of 4 1. In 1870 it was included in 
Mr. Kice's Hymns, No. 105. 

Translationa not ia 0. TJ. :— 

1. Remember, thou who lov'st the Lord. By. AngL 
3. Christian, ever keep In mind, Cbpefexnd. 1&4B- 

3. Chud of God ! lemember thou. G&waocrt. lest. 

4. Gome, Great Father, Mighty Lord,— Francis Tamer 
[Bp. of Ely), In Dodd'a Ckritticm'i Jfiigatint, Sep., If SI. 

[J. J.] 

Adeute, Coelitum chort Nicholas h 
Tourneaux. [Easter.'] In the revised Parts 
Breviary, 1736, this hymn was for the Ferial 
Office at Matins (Sundays included) in Easter- 
tide, beginning on Low Sunday and continuing 
to the Feast of the Ascension, and is marked 
with the initials "N. T." It is also used in 
like manner in the ■£jK" Ht and other modern 
French Breviaries. The Paris Brev. text was 
reprinted in Card. Newman's Hymni Eecle- 
siae, 1838 and 16G5, and J. Chandler's Bys. of 
the Prim. Church, 1837, No, 68. [W. A. S.] 



Translations in C. U, ; — 

1, Aflf 1«, oome an joyoua pinion. By I. Wil- 
liams, 1st pub. in his Hys. tr. from the Paris 
Brev., 1839, p. 128, in 6 st. of 6 1. In 1851 it 
was given, somewhat altered, by Dr. Rorison in 
his Ht/s. and Anthems, No, 81, In the Anglican 
H. Bk., 2nd ed., 1871, No. 152, it is altered to 
" Come, once more with songs descending." 

J, Heavenly eholn with uthenu sweet! By K. 
Campbell, written in 1849 [c. MSB.], and included 
in his collection commonly known as the St. 
Andrea's Hymnal, 1650, in 6 St. of 4 I. It is 
the most popular of the Tendering! of the "Adeste, 
Coelitum," In 1853 it was given, with altera- 
tions, and the omission of st, iii,, in the Cooke 
and Denton Hymnal, No. ST. This was repeated 
by Kennedy, 1863, No. 697, with the addition 
of " Alleluia," as a refrain to each verse. In 
the Appendix to the Hymnal if., enlarged ed., 
1864, No. 38, st. iii. is restored ; but the dox- 
ology is displaced in favour of a much weaker 
rendering. In Mr. Shipley's Annus Sanctis, 
1884, the tr. is given from the Campbell mss,, 
and st, iii., vi., vii. are added by J. C. Earle. 

S. Angela to en* JnWlw. By W. J. Blew. 1st 

printed on a broadsheet for use in his church 
[b. MBS.), and then in his ffy. and Tttnt Bk., 
1852, in 8 st. of 4 1. This was repented in the 
People's IF., 1867, No. 119, and .Bice's Set. from 
Bleu; 1870, No. 50. 

1. Come, ye heavenly Choir* deaosniing. By 
Bp, J. K, Woodford, contributed to his Hymns, 
ice, 1852, No. 38, and republished in the Parish 
If. B&., 1863 and 1875 ; Chope's Hymnal, ] 864, 
No. 100, and other collections. It is in 6 st.. of 
4 1., of which st. v. is from I, Williams as above. 

Translations net in 0, V* : — > 

1. Come, tbou l>leet angelic throng. Chandler, 1937, 

2. Descend from Heaven, ye Angel choirs. Chambert, 
Mil. [J. J.] 

Adeste fldeles l&etl triumphantes. 

[ChrUtmas.1 Ab to tbe authorship and actual 
ante of this hymn nothing positive is known. 
It hag been ascribed to St conaventura, but 
is found in no edition of his Works. Most 
probably it is a hymn of the 17th or 18th 
century, and of French or German authorship. 
The text appears in three forms. The first is 
in 8 st, the second, that in use in France, and 
the third the English use, both in Latin and 
English, The full text from Thesaurus Arri- 
mae Christianae, Mechlin, n.d. (where it is 
given as a second sequenoe far Christmas and 
said to be " Ex Graduali Cisterciensi ") ia : — 

1, Adeste, floeles, 1 4. Stella duce. Magi 

L&eti triumphsntes ; ! Carlstam adoruntes, 

Venlte, ventte in Betute- ' Aurum, thus, et myrrham, 
hem ; I dant munero. 

Naium vtdete Jesu innvntl 

Regem Aiigelorum : I Corda praebeamus : 

Venlte AdaFemueDominum. Venlte adoremus Dominuin. 

2. Dcam de Deo ; 
Lumen de Lumlne, 

Oe&tant puellae viscera 

Deum Verum, 

Genttum Don factum ; 
Vetute adoremuB Domluam , 

3. En gregerelido, 
Homttea ad cunos, 

Vocatl pastorea appro- 
£t nos ovanti 
Giudu festlnemua, 

Venlte adoremus Domlnum, 

6. Acternl Parentis 

Splendorem Aeterwata, 

Velatnm sub came vide- 
Deum Intantero, 
Pannta involutnm, 

Ventte adoremus Domlnum. 

0. Pro noMs caenum 
£t fbena cubantem 

Pits foveamus amplexibus [ 
Ho nos amentem 
Quis non Tedameret ? 

Venlte adoremns Domlnum, 


1. Cantet naoc hymnoe, B. Ergo Qni natua 

Chorus Angelorum : Die hodlerna, 

Cantet nunc aula oeles- Jesu Tibi sit gloria : 
ttum, J Patris Aeteral 

Gloria Verbom Ctro too 

In extOUt Deo ! I torn I 

Ventte adoremus Domlnum, Venlte adoremus Domtnum 

In the English and French oentoB there are 
various readings ; but we need only note three 
—st. v., 1. 1, Patris for "Parentis" ; st vii., 
1. 1, In for " hymnos " ; and rarely, exultant, 
for "nunc hymnos"; st vKi., 1. 2, hodierno, 
for " hodieraa :" and of these the second is 
probably the original text. The English cento 
is composed of st. i., ii., vii. and yiti., and 
the French, generally of at. i., iii., v., vi., and, 
very rarely, st. iv. also. Towards the close of 
tbe last century it was sung both in England 
and in France at Benediction during Christ- 
maatide. As early as 1797 the hymn was 
snug at the Chapel of the Portuguese Em- 
bassy, of which Vincent Novello was organist, 
and the tune (ascribed by Novello to John 
Reading, organist of Winchester Cathedral, 
1675-1681, and of the College to 1692) at onoo 
became popular. The use of the French 
cento may be gathered from the following 
rubric from the Nouveau Paromien Nantati, 
Nantes, 1837:— 

Aux Fetes de N08. 

(Btrponte.") Venlte adoremus, venlte adoremus, venlte 
adoremus Domlnum. 

Lee Cnantrca contlnuent : Adeste, ndeles, etc ; et on 
ripete i duque strophe : Venlte, etc. 

The hymn was so familiar that it is not 
printed in full. 

"We find st. i., iii., v., and vi., in the Offiae 
de St. Omer, St Omer*, 1822, in the Faruissien 
Oomplet du Diocese iVAulun, Antun, 1837, 
in the Amiens Parofasisti, 184i, in the Rouen 
Paroissien, Boaen, 1873, and in the Parowsien 
Rainain, Paris, jr.a, but c. 1868, st i* iii., iv., 
t. and vi, which arc also in an undated Tours 
Pnrm'sm'en. In the Paroissien Complet, Paris, 
of which the " Approbation " ia dated July, 
28th, 1827, the hymn is given in both the 
English and French forms. At p. 583 it 
occurs as, "Hymne Qui se chante, dans 
plusieurs eglues de Paris pendant le temps 
delaNativite;" this is the English form, with 
various readings, consisting of at i., ii., vii., 
viii, ; then follows, " Hymne pour le temps de 
Noel," tlie ordinary French version st i., iii., 
v. and vi., and both also occur in A ColL of 
Ps., H„ Anihemt, Ac, Washington, 1830. 

[W. T. B.J 

Translations in C. U. : — 

1, Dome, faithful all, rejoioe sad sing. Anon, in 
4 st. of 5 1. in Every Families Assistant at Com- 
pline, Benediction, $c, 1789. Somewhat altered 
it was republished in G. L, Haydock'a Coll. of 
Catholic ays., 1823. In the Vespers : or, JTtwn- 
ing Office of the Church, Dublin, 1808, it appeared 
as " Ye faithful souls, rejoice and sing." This 
is in cse in a few Roman Catholic collections for 
Missions and Schools. In the Crown of Jesus 
H. Bk., it reads, "Ye faithfol, come, rejoice and 

t. Ye faithful, approach ye. By F. Oakeley. 
This is a tr. of the English form of the Latin 
text. It was written in 1841 for the use of the 
congregation of Margaret Street Chapel, London, 
of which he was then the Incumbent. It was 

adesTb btjjeles 

never published by tbc translator, but came into 
notice by being sung in his chapel. The original 
text was included in the Peoples H,, 1867, 
No. 24, the Wellington College H. Bh., 1863, &c, 
and has also been repeated in several Koman 
Catholic collections of recent dote. 

S. emu ill 7* faithful, joyfully triumphant, 

This form of Canon Oakeley's tr. is the most 
popular arrangement of the Adeste fideUs we 
posses*. It first appeared in Murray's Hymnal, 

1852, and has passed from thence into a great 
number of collections both in G. Britain and 
other English-speaking countries, tbe second 
line sometimes reading " Joyful and triumphant," 
and again u Sejoicing, triumphant." The Parish 
H. Bk^ 1863-75, adopts this latter reading, 
and in addition it includes other alterations of 

i. Be present, ye faithful. In Chope's Hymnal, 
1854, and later editions, is Canon Oakeley's tr, 
re- written. 

■. Appro***, all yo falthfbL This tr. by " C." 
In the Irvingite -Hys. for the Use of the Chvrches, 
1884, dates from 1845. Another tr. beginning 
with the same first line, was included la the 
Cooke and Denton Hymnal, 1853. It can be 
distinguished easily from the Irvingite tr. by 
st. ir. This reads in Cooke and Denton, " The 
Son Everlasting," and in the Irvingite collections, 
" To Thee, who on this joyous day," lie. 

A, o eome* all ye faiihfuL triumphantly sine;. 
By E. Caswall, 1st pub. in his Lyra Catholica, 
1849, p. 250, and in his Hys. and Poems, 1873, 
p. 146- This tr. is in aeveTal collections* and 
sometimes slightly altered, ns in the -Note Mitre, 
1874, and others. 

T. Gome hither, ye faithful. This, as given in 
SchafTs Christ inSong, 1870, p. 37 ; and the Prot. 
Episco. Hymned, 1872, in E. Cnswall's tr. with 

S. sons, all ye faithfuh By W. Mercer. 

This ir. can be distinguished from others begin- 
ning with the same first line by the st. iii., which 
reads, " Raise, raise, choir of angels," &c. It 
was written for and first appeared in his Ch. 
Psalter and H. BL, 1854. In popularity it 
ranks next to the ir. by Canon Onlteley, being 
found in many collections throughout English' 
■peaking countries. 

9. So present, yo faithful. By J. M, Neale. 
Pub. in the Hymnal If., enlarged ed., 1858. 
Although opening with the same line it is a 
different tr. from that in Chope's Hymnal, noted 
above. The second stanza of Chape reads '. "Very 
God of Very God," and this "God of God, eternal." 

10. some, all ye faithful. Two trs. by J. A. 
Johnston are given in his English Hymnal, the 
first (with st. ii., " He, God of God," 4c) in 

1853, the second (st. ii., " Who God of God is ") 
in 2nd ed., 1856, and 3rd ed., 1861. 

11. Draw atfh, sll ye fsithful. This Is Dr, 
Ncale's tr. re-written by J. Keble for the Salis- 
bury If. Bk., 1857. It was repeated in Kennedy, 
1863, and, with slight changes, in the SarumH., 

IS. coma, all ye faithful. By J. Ellerton, 
WTitten for, and first pub. in Church Hys., 1871, 
it may be known by st. iv., which opens with 

Adeste fuxeles 


"Thou, who didst deign to be born for us this 

U. Draw near, all ye faithful. By R. C. Single- 
ton, in the revised ed, of his Anglican H. Bit., 

1*. Assemble, ye faithful, By T. Darling, in 
his Hys. for the Ch. of England, 1861. 

15, come, all ye faithful, This arrangement 
in the Wettmmster Abbey II. Bk,, 1884, is a 
cento compiled from the above trs. 

16, Hither, yo faithful, haste with songs of 
triumph. In the American Preab. P$, & Hs*< 
Philadelphia, 1843, Ho. 174. 

These trs. have as a rule much in common. 
The greatest variety is found in the rendering 
of the lines in st. ii., " Deotn de Deo, Lumen de 
lumine." These are: — 

Godof God, light of Hgbl. Oakdey. 

True God of God, true Light of Light. ItvinffiU 

True Son of the Father, E. OawaU. 

He God of God, Light of Light Eternal. /. A. 

God or God eternal. Light from Light proceeding. J. 
It. Sale. 

True God of True God, True Light of True Light. 
Coolee A nenton. 

Veiy God or Very God, Llgbt of Light Eternal. 
Chopes Hymnat. 

lltongh true God of true God, Light of Light Eternal 
IV. Mercer. 

Who God of God is, Light of Llgbt Eternal. J. A. 

God-head of fiod-hesd. True Light of the True Light. 
ffafruouijrA OM, 

Godhead of Godhead, True light of True light. Dr. 

God of God Almighty, Light of Light EtenuL 
Sarum Hymnal. 

He, God of God, and Light of Light begotten. J. 

True God of True God, Light of Light Eternal. 
JKrtnff't CM. 

Though God of true God, Light of Llglit Eternal. 
Irish CAui ch tfymnal. 

ForHe.aodoTGod, He, Light of Light (ternal. «.('. 
Singleton, lull. 

These renderings show clearly that the majority 
of the translators had the Nvxnc Creed and not 
the Adeste f deles in their minds as thev wrote. 
This is also the case with those trs. wliich are 
not in C. U. 

Translations net in 0, V, t— 

1. Draw near, ye faithftil Christians. Evening Office 
if the cewc*. irso. 

3. Ye faithful, come triumphant, come. Orthodox 
Churchman's Magatine and flevitw, Jfov., less, 

3, Raise we our voices to the Lord of Glory. Ash- 
bourne CUE., Uttaxeter, 1808. 

4, Believers assemble, come with songa to BetbZem, 
Dr. Snlton's Pi. * Hys., Sheffield, 180T. 

5, Ye faitlifni, triumphant enter into Bethlehem. Ft, 
<e Hys. Burnley, 1820. 

«. come, all ye faithful, joyful triumph raising. 
Basil Woodd. J*. * IT**, IBM. 

I. With hearta truly grateful. Pt. A 3ys. Wash 
ingtou, 1830. 

9. O come, ye faithful, and your homage bring. J. 
Chandler, 1BSI. 

s. O come, ail ye faithful, raise the hymn of glory. 
F. C. Huttubeth's Mittol far use of the /.ortjp (3rd ed.), 

10, Ye faithful Bonis, approach and sing. J. Meade. 
Selaakt Wreath, 1811. 

II. Approach, ye faithful, come with exultation. Jane 
E. Leeeon, CSrftWun Child's Bk., 1849. 

12. Approach, ye faithful, and with glad accord. Jane 
E. Leeaon. Chrittian Child's Bk., 184k. 

13. O hasten, ye faithful. J. R, Beste Church Bys., 


11. O come, all ye liiltbful, O. Korison. Iftfj. dt 
jbitaemt, 1)61. 

i». came, nil ye faithful. B, Campbell, SI. 
^naVew'i £fy»«a£t 1SB0. 

16. 7b faithful, approach ye. W. J, Slew. Ckurtli 
H. * nuu Jit., 18*3. 

If. Christian people, come. I. Gregory Smith. IT. 
Bk. for the Sentct of the Cttttrek, 18BS. 

18. Exulting triumphant, come from every nation. 
Anon. Guernsey. Beprinted in Jfala <s Queries, St* 
Sir. xL p. *18, 

10. O hie, ye believers, raise the song of triumph. 
F. Trafpet, jaw. 

10. Come, ill ye faithful, joyfully. Anon, tn J. F. 
Thrum's Pi. it fl^t, 1853. 

21. In triumph, Joy, and holy fear. J. C. Eaile. 
Shipley's .annus Aunchii, 188*. 

22. Come, faithful, with sweet voice. C. Kent. 
Shipley's .annut Sunciut, ibm, rj_ j J 

AdBBtoscmotaTrinitas. rflbty Trinity.] 
The authorship of this short nymn on lhe 
Holy Trinity is unknown. Its earliest form 
is in a ho, of the 11th cent in the British 
Museum (Veep. D. xii. f. 1156) printed in the 
Latin Hy$, of the Anglo-Saxon Church, 1851, 
p. 161. Amongst the English Breviaries it is In 
those of York, Hereford, and Sarum; on the 
Continent, those of Mainx and Basel; ana also 
in those of the Orders of the Carmelite*, 
Dominicans, and F ratret Hamiliati ; but with 
varying texts. In iKbne, i. p. 10, the text is 
given together with references to uss., and 
notes on the text ; the oldest MB. dating from 
the 14th cent He also gives two refrains 
which ore sometimes associated with the h ymn. 
Hani el, i. No. 804, gives only the first four lines 
with a reference to Catsander ; but in iv. p. 
234, he gives the foil text as in Mane, together 
with. Mone's references. It is also in Scale's 
Hymni Eecletiae, 1851, p. 157 ; Hymn. Sartib. 

1851, p. 115 ; the Domin. H. Bk., &c [W. A. B.] 

Translations in C. U. : — 
1. Be present, Holy Trinity ; like Splendour, £e. 
By J. M. Nenle, Appeared in the Hymnal A'. 

1852, No. 35, in 5 st. of 4 1., and again in Inter 
editions. In 1867 it was repented, unaltered, in 
the People's H., No. 101, and in the Hymnary, 
1873, No. 337. 

1. Be with us, Holy Tdalty, By J. A Johnston, 
1st pub. in 2nd ed. of his English Hymnal, 1858, 
No. 148, in 5 st. of 5 1. In Kennedy, 1863, 
No. 1122, it is slightly altered, specially in the 

g. Be pnunt, Holy Trinity ! Co-eiual lif ht, be, 
By J. D. Chambers, in hi* Lauda S'jon, ft. i., 
1857, p. 215, in 5 st. of 4 1. In the Salisbury H. 
BL 1857, No. 133, and Sctrtim, 1868, No. 179, 
the tr. is an arrangement liy J. Keble from Dr. 
Neale with lines 1, 3, of st. i. from this tr. by 
J. D. Chambers. 

I. Holy Trinity .' be present, By F. Pott, 
hi his Hys. fitted to the Order of Com. Pr., 1801, 
No. 107, in 5 St. of 4 1., and in later editions. 

[J. J.] 

Adored for aver be the Lord. [P#. 
zxviil.] This cento in the Amer. Episcopal 
Hymnal, 1872, No. 421, is composed; st. i. t of 
4 lines, from Tate and Brady'* version of 
Pa. 23, and st. ii.-iv. Anon. 

Adoro Te devote, la-tens Deltas. St. 
Thomas of Aquino. [Holy Communion]. Of the 
actual date of the composition of this hymn 
we have no record. As in 1258 the author was 


engaged in Paris in writing on the Eucharist 
and in 1263, in drawing up the existing office 
for the festival of Corpus Christi, at the request 
of Pope Urban IV., and for which he wrote the 
well-known hymns, Pangs Ungtta glorioti Cor- 
poris mysterivm ; Lauda Sion ; Snorts sotetn- 
nift; and Verbam supernttnt (q. v.), we may 
fix tile date, somewhat indefinitely, as e. 1260. 
Although never incorporated in the public ser- 
vices of the Church, it was added at an early 
date to various Missals for private devotion. 

In 1841 Daniel included it in vol. i. No. 242 
with a short note. In 1853 he was followed 
by Mone, No. 209, with a slightly differing 
text, from a Reiohenau us. of the 13th or 14th 
cents., and extended notes, references, various 
readings and critical remarks ; together with 
two refrains, one, which follows each stanza, 
(in Poor's Nttcl. Devot. p. 232, and in Hymnod. 
Sacra, p. 330) : — Ave Jesu verum manhu, Christe 
Jesuaaatigejidemomniamoredentiiim: and the 
second(ns,at Koblenz of the 17th cent.): — Bone 
Jem,pa*tor fideHumadaugefidem omnivminte 
tperarttium. These notes, 4c, are repeated with 
additions, by Daniel, iv. p. 234. Dr. Neale's 
note, MedUeval Hymns, 1651 and 1867, &o., is : — 

" The following hymn of S. Thomas Aquinas to the 
Holy Eucharist was never in public use En the Medifeval 
Church i but it baa been appended, as a private devo- 
tion, to moat Allegata. It Is worthy of notice now the 
Angelic JXwtor, as if afraid to employ any potnp of 
words on approaching so tremendous a Mystery, bu 
need the very simplest expressions throughout.'' 

In addition to the foregoing, the text,sliebtly 
different from Daniel and Mone, specially iti 
st, vi. f is given in Curd. Newman's B. Ecd. 1838 
and 1865 (from a modern ed. of the Parts Brev. 
where it reads, "Adoro te supplex, latens 
Deltas "), and in The Domin. if, Bk. Loud., 
1887. This lost is also different, not only from 
Daniel and Mom,bnt fromCaTd, .NetetnaiiuUo. 
It has Hone's two refrains arranged as one in 
two lines. 

Translations in C. U. : — 

1, Godhead hid, devoutly I adore Thee. By 
E.Caswall, 1st pub. in his Lyra Catholtea, 1849, p. 
247, in 7 St., and with the retrain as in The Domin. 
H. Bk. Thia was repeated in his Hymns and 
Poems, 1873, p. 161, with alterations. The tr. 
of 1849 is somewhat extensively used in R. C. 
Hymnals, sometimes with the omission of the 
refrain. It is given so also in Canon Oakeley's tr. 
of the Paradise of the Christian Soul. 

t. Humbly I adore Thee, hidden Betty, By J. 
M. Neale, 1st pah. in his Mediaeval Hymns, 1851 
and 1867, &c, in 7 st. of 4 1. This was included 
with slight alterations in the People's H. t 18(57, 
No. 178. It is also found in some works of 
private' devotion. 

3. The* we adore, O hidden Saviour, Thee, By 
Bp. J. R. Woodford, written in 1850,nnd 1st pub. 
in his Hys. arranged for the Sundays, &c, of the 
Ch. of England, 1863, 2nd ed. 1855. Bp. Wood- 
ford adopted the raiding as in Card. Newman's//. 
Eocl. (as above), with the omission of st. ii., iii., 
iv., thus reducing it to 4 St. of 4 1. In his St. 
iii. the lines 3,4 are lines 3, 4 of Card. Newman's 
st. iv. A striking feature in this rendering is 
the change of the line, Pie pellieane Jesu Do- 
mine to O fans puritatis, Jesu Domine, adopted 
from the Paris Brev. by Card. Newman and Bp. 


Woodford. In Bp, Woodford's rendering various 
changes have been made from, time to time, two 
of which are worthy of notice, the first of st. i., 
and the second of st, iv. The first st. originally 
read: — 

(0 " Tbee we adore, hidden Saviour, Thee, 

Who in Thy Supper with m delgn'st to be ; 

BoO> fleeh and spirit In Thy presence fat). 

Yet here Thy presence we devoutly hill/' 

This we find altered in Hys. far Christian 
Seasons, Gainsburgh, 2nd ed., 1854. 

" Thee we adore, hidden Saviour, Tbee, 
Who in Thy Sacrament dott deign to he 
Both flesh and spirit at Thy presence fan," &c. 

This was repeated in H. A. $ M., 1861 and 
1875 1 The Hymnary, 1872, and others. 

(a) Another reading of line 2 is; — "Who in 
Thy Sacrament art pleased to he." This was 
given in the Sarvm, 1668, and repeated in the 
Sea Mitre, 1875. 

(3) A third reading is : — 

" Thee we adore, hidden Saviour I Thee, 
Who In Thy toast with «u vouchsaf'st to be. 
Both flesh and spirit at Thy Presence fell," fa. 

This appeared in Chope's Hynmal, 1857. 

(4) A fourth reading is : — 

" Tbee we adore, unices Saviour ! Thee. 
Who in Thy Ptast vith m voacitaj "«t to be, 
Both flesh and spirit at Thy Presence fall," be 

This was given in Pott's Hys. fitted to the 
Order of Com. Pr., 1861. 

<5) The fifth reading is :— 
" Tbee we adore, un«en Saviour ! Thee, 
Who in Thy Feast art pleattd with us to be. 
Both flesh and spirit at Thy Presence fit]," &c. 
This appeared iu the S.P.C.K. Ch. Hymns, 
1871; and again in Tliring's Coll., 1882, and 
has the sanction of the translator. 

(({) The siith reading is in T. Darling's Hys. 
for the Ch, of Eitg., where 1. 2 reads — " Who in 
Mis mystery vouehsafest to be." This is one of 
nine alterations by Mr. purling. Wr. Darling's 
text is the most inaccurate of any with which 
we are acquainted. 

The second change of importance is in st, iv., 
1. 3, which reads in the original — "To gaze on 
Thee unveiled, and see Thy face." 

In the Gainsburgh Hys. for Christian Seasons, 
as above (2nd ed. 185t), this reads — " To gaze 
on Thee, and see rith vnveiled face," and was 
copied by H. A. o? M., 1861-75, The Hymnary, 
1872, and others. Darling reads — " To gaze oa 
Thee unveiled, and face to face. For aye behold 
Thy glory," &c. Minor changes are also given 
by various editors. These are of little moment, 
and appeared without the translator's sanction. 
Bp. Woodford's authorised teit is in Sarum, 1868, 
No. 221. He has also sanctioned that adopted 
by Church Hys, and by Mr. Thring (b. V88.). 

4. Fraatrate I adore Thee, Deity unseen, In the 
App. to Hymnal N., No. 216, is based upon the 
trs. of Posey, Cttswall, and Chambers, with re- 

6. I ado» Thee truly, hidden Deity. By W. J. 
Irons, in his Pt. $ Hys. for the Church, 1875. 

TranaUttunis not in 0. V. : — 

1. Prostrate 1 adore Tbee. Dr. Pusey. Par. of the 
Christian Soul. 1S4T. 

2. Devoutly I adore Tbee, unseen Deity. /. D, Chain- 
btre, 1867. 



3. Devoutly I adore Thee, God in figures vetl'd. J. W. 

4. O Dreadful unapproaehed Deity, last WSliams. 
B. Paris Bret., IBM, p. 171. From the altered text, 
Adere tt tupctec, latent Data* In the Paris Bret. 

A. I adore Thee devoutly, O Godhead concealed. John 
D'oUoce, 1874, B. vf the Cfturt*. pp. 139-40. 

a. Suppliant 1 Adore Thee, latent Deity. IT. Palmer. 
IBM. From the Paris Srev. 

7. I adore the truth conceited. C. B. Boole, in his 
Poem and Trs., 18Tb, [J, J,] 

Adsi* auperne Spiritus, Pater be- 
nigiie pauperum. [Whitsuntide.'] An 
anonymous hymn in the Paris Breviary, 
1796, for Whitsuntide at Compline. It is 
given in fall in Card. Newman's Hymni 
EedeMae, 1838 and 1865. 

Translations in C. U. ; — 

I. Baits hither, Heavenly Spirit. By W. J. 
Blew, printed on a broadsheet for use la his 
church, cir. 1850, and again, in his Ch, H, f Ihtne 
Sk., 1852, in 5 st. of 4 1. In 1870 it waa in- 
cluded in Mr, Bice's selection from that work. 

a. Holy Spirit, God most Kith. By Wm, 
Cooke, made for and 1st pub. in the Hymnary, 
1872, No, 327, in 5 st. of 4 1. 

Translations not in 0. V. : — 

1. Hail, Father of tho poor. /. William', 1838. 

2. Come, Thou heavenly Spirit pare. J. P. Xhri&p, 

3. Come, heavenly Spirit, come. Barotitis Bonar. 

4. Come, O Spirit, Rmciousiy. E. L. Blenhiniopp, 

"«■ [J jr.] 

Adaunt tenebrae primae. [Evening.] 
An auonymoua hymu in Daniel, i. 194, in 5 
at. of 4 1., (vain the Moxarahic JBreu. (Toledo, 
1502, f. 804), Tltomasius, Home, 1747, ii. p. 425, 
and Mignefa Batrdlogia, torn. 86, col 928. 
" Ynini de prima vigilin " ; alsoool.065 See 
atari Daniel, iv. 57, where may be found ft severe - 
criticism on one of ttie lines in tho Moznrabie 
Bi-ev., which may be the correct reading, not- 
withstanding. [W. A. 8.] 

Translation in C. U. ; — 

1. The night ts closing o'er ni. By W. J. Blew, 
1st printed on a ny-lcaf for use iu his own church, 
and then pnb. in his Ch. H. $ 'Puns Bk., 1852. 
Trin, to Adv., No. 41, in G st. of 4 1. In 1867 
it was transferred to the People's H., and in 1872 
to the Hymnary, No. 623. 

Advance, advance, the day Is come. 
67. Moultrie. [iVocesswnai.] Written to tlto 
tune Sin' feste Burg, for the Wantage Sister- 
hood, and printed in iho Church Times, Jnne, 
1871, in 5 Bt. of 9 1., and signed " G. M. 
June 6, 1874." A good hymn, and worthy of 
being better known. [W. T. B.] 

Adversa mundi tolera. Thomas a 
KempU. [Patience.] This liymn is in his 
Opera, Niimberg, 1494, f. 130t, in 29 lines 
arranged us 11, and entitled "Oontieom de 
virtato patientine." Tho full text is is Wack- 
ernagcl, i. No. S77, and, omitting 12 lines, in 
Daniel, ii. p. 379, ^riiere it is headed Carmen 
Tliomae h Kempie de Paiientia Christiana, 
Also in Bastler, No. 119, and K&nigtfeld. ii. 



Translations in C. U. : — 

1. Pet Ohrlefa dear cake with enrage lieu, 
By E. Caswall, in his Masqat of Mary, 1858, p. 
308, and again in his Hymn* and Posms, 1873, 
in 5 it. of 4 1. with the heading "Hymn of 
Thomas a Kempis, on Christian Patience." In 
recent editions of the Appendix to the Hj/mnat 
N. it is given unaltered as No. 305. It also 
appeaii as : — 

f. In Gkudstf* dear Itiu with courage beu, 
in the Roman Catholic Hys. for the Tear, No. 69. 

Aemilio Julian© [Xmiiie]'. 

Aeterna- Christ! munera, Bt marty- 
rum victorias. Ambrosian, This hymn, 
originally written for "Martyrs," has been 
adapted for " Apostles," and (in another form) 
for "Martyrs" in the Bom. Bree. Under 
these circumstances it will be necessary to 
notice the history and use of each. 

i. The original text. 

This hymn is received by the Benedictine 
editors of St. Ambrose as a genuine work of 
that Father, on the authority of the Ven. 
Bede ; who, in his work, De arte metrics, 
speaks of it as a ** hymn for blessed martyrs, 
composed with most beautiful grace," "pul- 
cherrimo est deoorecompositus hymnus beato- 
rum martyrom." (See the Benedictine ed. of 
St. Ambrose, in Migne's Patrol., torn. 16.) 
Mono, No. 733, in his note on the hymn, says, 
" Vezzoti remarks justly that the congregation 
of St. Maur [ie. the Benedictine editors] as- 
cribed this hymn on an obscure reference of 
Bede to St Ambrose, whose it is not, though 
it is yet most likely of the 5th century." 

Amongst the earliest Mas. in which it is 
found are two of the 11th cent, in the British 
Jfueeum (Hari. 2961, f. 248; Jul. A. vi. 
f. 61b), and another, perhaps of the 8th or 9th 
cent., formerly belonging 1o that eminent 
scholar in the % Anglo-Saxon and cognate 
languages, Franciscus Junius. The latter 
was No. 110 among the Mis. bequeathed to 
the Bodleian by Fr. Junius at his death in 
1677, but " has been missing from the Library 
for more than 100 years." [F. Madan, Sub- 
Librarian, Bodl. LA. Aug. 21, 1884J It was, 
however, printed from a copy by Fr. Junius 
by Jacob Grimm, at Gottingen, in 1830, as, 
HymnaruTtt iseteris eecUsiae xxvi. Interpretatio 
Tfcenfisea [BrtC Mus.y 

The text ts gtTen by Daniel, L up, 38-sS } additional 
notes, 11. p. 381, It. p. ST ; Bone, Ho. ?33 ; the ancient 
Breviaries of Baeetixrg; of the Bent&ictiMt, of the 
-Hemifttoftbe Order of St. Auguiiin, of York, at Milan. 
the Motarabic, fee.; TrenOi, 1849 to net; Lot. B. «/ 
Anglo-Saxon Ch., 1S51, from a Durham ms. of the 11th 
cent.; Simreclt, 18(8; Maegttl, IBM sod 1919, In tome 
of these there we slight variations in the text. 

It should be added that in some Monastic 
Breviaries this hymn has been adapted to Fes- 
tivals of Confessors and Virgins. [W. A. S.] 

Translations in C. U. ; — 

1. The eternal gifts of Christ the Sine, The 
atartyre' gbotous deeds we sing. By J. M. Nesle, 
pnb. in the enlarged ed, of the Hymnal JK, 1854, 
No. 80, in 5 at. of 4 1., andaTrom thence into one 
or two collections, including the Hymner, 1882, 
No. 94, It is from the Fork Brcv., and consists 
of st. i., iii., iv, v. snd viii, of the original. 


I. The eternal gifta ef Ohriat oar Sine;, The 
Martyrs' victories let na sing. By J. D. Chambers, 
from the York Bret., 1st pnb. in his Leatda St/on, 
Pt. ii„ 1866, p. 15, in 5 st "of 4 1. In the 
People's H, 1867, No. 211, it is given unaltered. 
In the Hymnary, 1872, No. 399, a mixed tr. 
from Nesle, Chambers, and others, is given, 
and is wrongly ascribed, in the Index, to the 
Hymnal N. 

Trsnelatiom sot in 0. V, : — 

1. The unlading crowns br Christ bestowed. Oope- 
land, late. 

2. The eternal gifts of Christ the King, fine, 1892. 

3. Sing to the Loid with }oy and praise. Mtaaill, 
1ST* and 1878. 

ii. Form for Apostles. 
Aeterna Christi nrunera, ApoBtolo- 
rum gloriam. This form of the hymn is 
an adaptation for "Apostles" as distinct 
from " Martyrs." It is in numerous Brevia- 
ries, including the Soman, York, Sanaa and 
others. The same text, however, is not 
strictly maintained. The lines of the original 
which are thus variously altered are 1-8 and 
21-28, followed by a doxology not in the 
original and varying in the respective 
Breviaries in whioh the hymn is given. 

The text from the /tartan jss. of the tith cent. 
Is In Ifle Lat. By: o/ the Anglo-Saxon Ch. (Sut- 
tees Society), 1SB1 ; the Jam.. Mret„ Card. Newman's 
ffymni EetUsiat, less toiat6;andtheS«iw3yiuiaie. 
(See Vtv-m &w™, 1&S0.) DsmiA gives the Jiom. Brta. 
text together with the 'original i. pp. 21-29; Jfetu^ 
So. «S2, gives the text from use. of the 14th cent., he., 
with extended notes. The hymn la also found in anllth 
cent. us. in the Britith MUtttm (Hail, MSI, f. MT). 

Translations in C. U.: — 

1. The Lard's eternal gifts. By E. Caswall, 
1st pub. in his Lyra Catholica, 1849, p. 204, and 
in his. Hys. 4 Poems, 1873, p. 108. This is in 
use in a few Bom. Catholic hymnals for schools 
and mission services. Altered to "The Eternal 
Spirits gifts," it is also No. 296 in Chope's 
Hymnal, 1864, 

t. Eternal gift* of Christ the Xing. By W. J. 
Blew, was printed on a broadsheet for use in his 
church, cir. 1650 [B. MssJ and pub. in his Ch. 
H. & Tims Bk., 1852. This is given in Rice's 
Set. 1870, from that work as, " Th T eternal gifts of 
Christ the King," a borrowed line from Dr. lleale, 

3. The eternal gifts ef Christ the Xing, By J. 
M. Nesle. It appeared in the Hymnal N., 1852, 
No. 37, and later editions of the same work. 
Also unaltered (with the addition of Bp. Ken's 
doiology), in Skinner's Daily Service H., 1864, and 
the Hymner, 1882, No. 86. In nearly every other 
case, however, where it has been adopted, various 
alterations have been introduced, as in Hurray's 
Hymnal, 1852, the Salisbury H. Bk., 1857, H. A. & 
M., 1861-75 (repeated in Kennedy), theHymnary, 
1872, where it, reads, "Christ our King," lie. 
In Church Hys., 1871, No. 193, st. i.-iii., slightly 
altered (st. i., 1. 3, 4), are from the H. A, 4r M., 
arrangement of Dr. Neale, and not from J. D, 
Chambers as stated by Mr. EUerton in his note 
thereon (Ch. Hys. folio ed. Notes, 193). The 
remaining st. iv., v., are from a MS, tr, by Mr, 

4. The Eternal Spirit's gifts, The gifts ef Ohriat 
the King. By G. Phillimore, given in the Parish 
H. Bh., 1863 and 1875, and Sarwn, 1868. 


S. The eternal fift. of Christ the Lard. By 
R. F. Littledale, made far and 1st pub. in the 
J ) «S*'« iT„ 1887, No. 197, and signed " F. R." 

Thim* ffit^fri not 1m 0. T/i ! — 

l. lord, Who dMst hiesa Thy chosen band. JfiuiC, 

3. The everlasting gift* of Christ. Mope, ISM. 

a. The treasures of the King's abode. OsmpotH, 18B0. 

«. The eternal gifts of Christ our Xing. Cauafteri, 
18M,n. 1. 

G. With fitting voice sad Joy proclaim. .F. TVoRpes, 

v. come with yoor canticles, come with jour lays. 
/, WoBom, IBM. 

iii. J?otn. -Brer, /orm /or Martyrs. 
Christo profuaum aangwlnam. ThiB 
cento appeared hi the Bom. Urffo., 1632, for 
Festivals Common of Martyrs, and is thus 
composed: at. L, then new; st. ii.-iy. from 
" Aeterna Christi," lines 5M50, and st. v., linej 
29-32, with the single alteration of 1. 30 from 
" Ut ipaornm conaortio " to " Ut martyrmn 
consorbo." In this form it is in all modern 
editions of the Bom. Bret. Text in Daniel, L 
No. 26; Card Newman's Hymni Ecclesiae, 
1838 and 1&65. 

Translations in C. U. :— 

1. Ya umili of • msityr'd Sod. By R. Camp- 
bell, written in 1849 [e, KSS.], and given in the 
St. Andrew's Hymnal, 1850, p. 97, in 4 at. oF41. 

S. Ya servant* of a martyrsd Lord. No. 88 in 
Murray's Hymnal, 1852, is a cento of which st. i., 
ii., iii. nnd v. are Campbell's tr. as above, partly 
from Card. Newman's tr. of "Ihvicte martyr," 
ii-., vi. and vii. are new, and original. 

*. Y* servants of onr glorious Kittf. No. 272 
in II. A. 4r if., 1861, and 444 in 1875, is also 
a cento, thus compiled : st. i., compilers of H. A. 
f M.; Si.,ilL, if. &<mpieW, as above; iv., Murray, 
as above ; v., B. Campbell ; vi., another doxology 
fur that in Murray. 

Translating* not la 0. IT. ; — 

l. Sing we the martyrs blest. Gatwatt, 18M. 
i. Ijstussinghowmartyrsbled. J. WdUaet. UU. 

[J. J-] 

Aeterna coeli gloria. [Friday.] This 
hymn is sometimes ascribed to St. Ambrose. 
Not being quoted, however, by early writers, 
it has not been received as certainly genuine 
by the Benedictine editors (Mignes Patrol. 
torn. xvii.). It dates from the 5th century, 
and if not by St Ambrose, is purely Ambrosian. 
The text has often been reprinted, sometimes 
alone, and again with notes, references, and 
criticism. Of the latter the best are ; — 

1. Daniel, 1841, i. No. 48, where we have the 
old text in 5 St. of 4 1., with the revised version 
from the Bom. Bret, in parallel columns and 
headed "Hymnns ad Laudes" ("A hymn at 
Lands"). It is the Hymn on Fridays in the 
Ferial Office ut Lands from the Octave of the 
Epiphany to the first Sunday in Iient, and from 
the Octave of Corpus Christi to Advent in the 
Roman and many other old Breviaries. Daniel 
gives the variations found in Clichtoveus, Bebelius, 
Pabricius, &c. 

S. Hymn. Sarisb., Lend., 1851, pp. 55, 56, for 
use at the periods mentioned above. In thb 
work variations are given from the Use of York ; 
from Monastic uses, as Evesham, Worcester, St. 
Albun's, Canterbury, &c 



1. In Mom, 1853, i. t it is from an 8th cent, us. 
at Trier ; and No. 159 is from a vs. of the 15th 
cent, at Stuttgart. He add* a long note on what 
he regarded as the acrostic character of the hymn. 

1, Daniel, ii. p. 381, has a further reference, 
and in iv. p. 40, cites a Rheioau MS. of the 10th 
cent., and gives an extended note with special 
reference to Mime's conclusions respecting the 
acrostic character of the hymn. Daniel refuses 
to accept Mont'* conclusions. The arrangement, 
however, is certainly alphabetical, with the ex- 
ception that two lines begin with o, and one 
(the 9th) with o (ortus) instead of A (tortus), 
DanieTs text extends to s, and Jfimt'* to t. 

6. The old text is also fonnd in two 1 1th cent. 
MSB. in the British Museum (HarL 2961, f. 224; 
Jul. A. vi. f. 29) ; and in the Latin Bys. of the 
Anglo-Saxon Church, 1851, p. 27, it is printed 
from an 11th cent. us. at Dnrham. 

t. The text, old or revised, is also in Card. 
Newman's Hymni Eodesiat, 1838 and 1865, and 
others, in addition to those works already noted. 
The variations in the text are very alight. 

[W. A. 8.] 

Translations in C. U. : — 

1. Olnr of the eternal hasten. By Card. New- 
man from the Bom. Brev., given in his Verses, 
1853, and again in his Verses on Various Occa- 
sions, 1868. It is No. 30 in the Hymnary, 1872. 

8, Items! glory of th*h«*v*n*. ByR.CsSwall. 
From the Bom. Brev., 1st pub. in his Lyra 
Cathoiica, 1849, p. 31, and his Hymns and Poems, 
1873, p. 19. It is given in many of the Roman 
Catholic hymnals for use in schools nnd missions, 
including the Hys.fcr the Year, N.D. 

I. Sternal glory of the iky, Blest hope, fee. By 
J. H.Neale, from theoWfeirf in the enlarged ed. 

of the Hymnal S., 1854, No.25. It is given some- 
times altered, in Skinner's DaSy Service H., 1864, 
No. 12; the JJjmner, 1882,No. 40,and others. 

4. Eternal glory of the heaven. By J. D. Cham- 
bers, from the old text, in his Lauda Syon, 1857, 
i. p. 29. From thence it has passed into the 
People's H., 1867, No. 430. 

Translation* not In O. TJ» :~ 

l. O eternal praise of heaven. Sp. Mont, isst. 

1. Thou (tlorv of the eternal sky. Ryua. Ana. ISM. 

3. Eternal glory of the sky, Hope, ax. Bp. WWiamt, 


4. Glory of the heavens supernal- (topeland. 1S4S. 
6. Christ, the glory of the shy. Omitptied, ISM. 

[J. JJ 
Aeterna. liuc,T>ivinltaal [Holy Trinity."] 
An anonymous hymn for Trinity Sunday given 
in Daniel, 1813, ii. p. 369. It cannot be of an 
early date. Daniel does not indicate from 
whence he took his text. It is also in the 
CoroUa Hymnoram, Cologne, 1806, p. 41, in 
9 at. of 41. [W. A. S.] 

Translations in C. U. : — 

1, Thou Immortal Light divine. By E. Gas- 
wall, 1st pub. in his Masque of Mary, &c, 1858, 
r>. 277, and his Hymns and Poems, 1873, p. 129. 
This text, in an abbreviated form, is given in a 
few Soman Catholic collections for Schools and 
Missions. It was also included,* in an altered 
form, as, ,T Light Eternal, God most High," 
in the Hymnary, t87*, Ns 338c; — ~ - 




a. Sternal Light, Divinity. By K. ¥. LittledaJe, 
made for, and 1st pub. in the People's H., 1867, 
No. 163, and signed >'L." [J. J.] 

Aeteme Beotor aidenim. Card. Bel- 

tannine. [Evening.) This hymn is in the 
Soman Brev., 1632, na the Hymn at Lauds, on 
tlit; Feast of the Holy Guardian Angela (Oct. 
2nd}. ItwasinBertedin the Breviary by Pope 
Paul V., who when still Cardinal Camifio 
Horghese, tit a conversation with Leonardo 
Douato, the Venetian ambassador, remarked, 
that if ever he became Pope he would not 
amuse himself like Clement VIII. in disputing 
with the BepnbHc of Venice, but would proceed 
at onoe to excommunication. Donate, on his 
side, remarked that if ever he became Doge he 
would not set much value on the excommuni- 
cation. One became Pope, the other Doge. 
The Doge employed the noted Era Paolo Barpi 
to write the history of the Council of Trent 
against the interests of the Papacy ; the Pope 
opposed to him Cardinal Bellarmine. Possibly 
this respect fur, and interest in the Cardinal 
may have led to the adoption of this hymn 
by the Pope. Text with note in Daniel, iv. p. 
306. [See Outoln hominum.] [W, A. 8.] 

Translations in C. U. ; — 

1. Almighty God, whoso sceptre away*. By 
lip. K. Maut, 1st pub. in his Ancient Hymns, 4 - e., 
1837, p. 30, in 6 st. of 4 ]., nnd included in Dr. 
Oldknow's£js. fortheSer. of the CL, 1850. 

£, Ruler of ttio dread immense. By E. Caswall, 
in his Lyra Catholica, 18+9, p. 175 ; nod his 
Jfj/3. and Poems, 1873, p. 85, This is given in 
the App. to Hymnal N., No, 163, for St. Michael 
and All Angels. 

Translation not in 0. U. : — 
O'er the morning stars Who rcigncst. Cbpdand, 
JSle.p. 131, 

Aeteme rerum conditor. St. Ambrose, 

J Sunday Morning.'} This hymn by St. Am- 
»roac is received as genuine by the Benedic- 
tine editors^ For this genuineness, the follow- 
ing evidence is complete :— 

(1) St. Augustine, Retract, Mo. I. C. 31, writes: "In 
tbietwok I luvcepokenlnacerfejnnlaceof the Apostle 
Fettr, ihat the Church is founded on aim os on a rock, 
which doctrine is sung also by the mouth of multitudes 
In the verses or the most lllessed Ambrose, when speak* 
ingof tbe cock be says:— 

" Lo, e'en the very Church's Rock 

Melts nt the crowing of the cock." 
{" Hoc Ipsa petra eccleslae 
Canente, culpaui diLutt.") 

(2) The Venerable Bede, De arte netricA, followed by 
other writers, considers that the substance of this hymn 
Es taken from the i/ezaem&'OH of St. Ambrose (written 
about tbe year Sssj, Lib. V. c. 34. Or, as Daniel says, 
the hymn may have been written flret, and then ex- 
panded into the prose version. 

The use of this hymn has been most exten- 
sive. In the Muzarabic Brev. (1502, f, 2) it is 
the hymn at Matins on the 1st S. in Advent, 
and generally on Sundays in Advent, Lent, 
Palm Sunday, Whitsun Dny,&e. ; in tlieSarwm, 
York, Evesham, Hereford, arid St. Alban'e, at 
Lauds on Sundays from the Octave of the Epi- 
phany to Lent, and from the 1st Oct. to Advent; 
in the Worcester at Matins (so also some old 
Breviaries of the Benedictine Oifo? (Daniel, i. 
gi W); anfl is ike- Raman, for Sundays at 


Lauds, from the Octave of the Epiphany to 
the 1st. 6, in Lent, and from the S. nearest 
to the 1st of Oat to Advent. 

The text of this hymn is found In the Junius vs. 
of tbe Sth cent., No. Jtxv., and In two nth cent. use. hi 
the Briifeh Jfuteun (Bail. S9S1, f. 2180; Jnl. A. vl. 
f. is). In the Latin syt. of tht Anglo-Sawn Church, 
1851, It la printed from a Durham hs. of the nth cent., 
and is given in the following works : S. Ambmti Opp„ 
Paris, 1838, p. aoo; Daniel, i. l*, iv. 3; Trench, 1*64, 
S43; Corel. Nevmm's H. JBat-, 1638, &c. Jknutl and 
Btnci are specially rich In Illustrative notes. The 
variations In the Ran. Brev. are also found in these 
wrks. [W. A. S.] 

Translations in C. U. :— 

1. Maker of all, Eternal Xing. By W. J. Cope- 
land from the Bom. Brev., 1st pub. in his Hymns 
for the Week, &c., 1848, in 9 at. of 4 1., and from 
thence it passed into the People's H., 1867, &c 

1. Framer of the earth and sky. By Card. 
Newman. The earliest date to which we have 
traced this ir. is in B. Campbell's St. Andrew's 
Hymnal, 1850. In 1853 it was repeated in 
Card. Newman's Verses, and again in his Verses 
on Various Occasions, 1868. In this latter work 
this tr,, in common with others, is dated 1836- 
38. The tent from Campbell is repeated with 
slight alterations in the Hymnary, 1872. 

{Translations not in G, TJ, I— ■ 

1. O God, Who by alternate away. JViswr, DOS. 

3, Maker of all, enthroned above. Afant, 1837. 

3. Eternal Maker, at Whose will. I. TFflMmu, 1844. 

4. Dread Ituler of the Universe. 2fyis«. Angl., 1844, 

5. Creator eternal of earth, Ac. Bp. WUlitmt, ISIS. 
8. Dread Framer of the earth, *c. Catvaatl, 1849, 

T. O Thou Everlasting Maker. J, Banki, 1884. 
S. Eternal Founder of the Worlds. CAamteri, 1867. 
fl. Eternal Maker of the World. Atrt. Charier, 1858. 
Id. Maker of all, Eternal King. Hewelt, 183s. 

11, Eternsl God, Thy word, tie. Xynaston, 1883. 

12. Eternal Qod, Wbo built tbe sky. Jtaegill, IMS. 
'13. Eternal God, the primal cause. YTauaet, 18J4, 


Aeterna Rex altisBime, Redemptor. 

[Ascension.'] The text of this hymn has hecn 
so altered at various times tliat the true origi- 
nal and the origin of its various forms are 
most difficult to determine. The researches 
of the best hymnologists, when summarized, 
give tlie following results : 

I. Daniel, vol. i. Mo. 1G2, gives the text in 
7 st- of 4- 1. nnd a doxology, from a 13th cent, 
lis. at Wurzburg ; interpolating therewith 6 St., 
which ai'e only found in the Motarabic Brev. 
He adds in parallel cols, the revised text of the 
Bom. Brev. 1633. 

8, The Bom. Brev. form has continued down 
to and is in use at the present time, as the hymn 
at Matins for the Ascension-day, and from thence 
daily tillWhitsnn Day, unless the Festival of an 
Apostle or Evangelist interrupts the usual order. 
It is composed of st. L, lii., vi., vii., i., ii.,iii. and 
xiii., of the old form, somewhat altered. This 
tsit is in all modern eds. of the -ffo»>. Brev. and 
Card. Newman's Hynmi Eccl., 1836 and 1865. 

S, We have neit the Hymn. Sarisb., Lond., 
1851, pp. 101-2, where it is given us the Hymn 
at Vespers on the Vigil of the Ascension, nnd 
doily to Whitsuntide: also at Matins on the 
Feast of the Ascension itself. Variations are 
added from the York Brev., which assigns it to 
the first and second Vespers of the Ascension, 


and throughout the Octave. — St. Alban's, " to 
the Ascension of the Lord at Vespers;"— 
Woroester, " the Ascension of the Lord at 
Matins," die Different readings are also given 
from a Canterbury Ms, of the Anglo-Saxon times. 

*. Jfone, No. 171, gives at. i.-iv. of the old teit 
from MBS. of the 14th and 15th cent, at Karlsruhe. 
This form he holds is by St. Ambrose. In addi- 
tion he gives at Ho. 172, at. v.-vii. from MSB. 
of the 14th and 15th cent, at Karlsruhe, ite., 
and holds that they ate not by St. Ambrose, and 
yet by a writer of the 5th cent. The Moxarabie 
Brev. sts. he considers to be the work of a Spanish 
imitator of Prudentius of the 5th cent. 

». Itisa1«ointheJf«oroii'<!5rre.l502,f.l35j 
in an 11th cent. us. in tie British JfuwwnGJul A. 
tL f. 51); and in another of the same cent. 
(Vesp. D. lii. f. 75o> In the Latin Hys. of the 
Anglo-Saxon Church, 1851, p. 90, it is printed 
from a Durham MS. of the 11th cent. 

In 1S55, Daniel, ir. pp. 79-83, gave an ex- 
tensive note on this hymn, dealing with its 
complex authorship, Aw. fie entered folly 
and with much feeling into the verbal and 
metrical questions winch led him to oppose 
aome of the opinions of Mono on the author- 
ship, Ac, of the hymn. The note is too long 
for quotation, but may be consulted with ad- 
vantage. The hymn "Tu Christe nostrum 
gaudium" is a portion of this hymn. It 
Begins with line 17. [W. A. S.] 

Translations in C. U, : — 

1. Eternal Sine of heaven on high, By Bp. R. 
Hant, from the Horn. Brcv., 1st pub. in his 
Ancient Hymns, 1837, p. 66, in 8 st. of 4 1. 
This is sometimes given in an abbreviated form, 
as in the Gainsburgh Cvll. &c, 2nd ed. 1854. 

1. Then Sternal King moat ugh. By E. Cas- 

Wall, from the Horn. Bret)., given in his Lyra 
Catholics, 1849, p. 101, and again in his Hymn* 
§• Poems, 1873, p. 57, in 8 st. of & 1. (see orig. 
(**,) In 1858, (i st. were included In the Scot. 
JSpiso. Coil., No. 81, in Chope's Hymnal, 1864, 
and others, and in full with alterations in the 
Hyrrmary, 1872. Another altered form is, "0 
Thou most high 1 Eternal King," in the Irvingite 
Hys. for the use of the Churches, 1864. Some of 
these alterations are borrowed from Johnston's 
tr. of 1852. Caswall's tr. is extensively used in 
Roman Catholic hymnals for Schools and Missions. 

S. Xing Sternal, power unbounded. By W, J. 
Copeland, from the Bom. Bret., in his Hymns 
for the Week, &c, 1848, in 8 st. of 4 1. This 
Was included in Stretton's Chitreh Hys., 1850, 
unaltered. In an altered form, " King Supreme 1 
of power unbounded," it appeared in Rorison's 
Hys. 4 Anthems, 1851, and later editions. 

4. O Xing eternal, Lord most High. By J. A. 
Johnston, in his English Hymnal, 1852, No. 118. 
It is also in later editions. 

E, Eternal Kouawh, Mng most High. By J. M. 
Heale, from the Samm Bret., pub. in the Hymnal 
N. 1852, No. 31. It is included in the Hymner, 
1882, No. 67. After undergoing considerable 
alterations by the compilers of H, A. $■ M., it 
came forth in the 1st ed, 1861, as " Lord 



most High, eternal King." This is repeated in 
the revised edition, 1875, and other collections. 

6. Ofctiat ab«T* all flary seated. By Bp. J. R. 
Woodford, made for and 1st pub. in his Hys. 
arranged for the Sundays, &c, 1852, in 6 st. of 
4 L (2nd ed. 1855.) In 1857 it was repeated 
in Chope's Hymnal; in 1863 and 1875, in the 
Parish H. JM., and also in S. P. C. K. Ps. # Hys. ; 
Barum; Ch.Hys.; Thring'stWI. and others. It 
is somewhat indebted to Copelnnd's tr,, two or 
three lines being verbatim therefrom. It is the 
most papular of all the versions of this hymn. 

In Murray's Hymnal, 1853, an attempt was 
made to represent all the 8 st. of the Mom. Brm. 
by compiling a cento thus i St. i., ji., iii., Bp. 
Woodford ; st, if., v., vi., Copeland, slightly 
altered : st. vii., viii., Bp. Woodford ; but it has 
gone almost, if not altogether, cut of C, U. 

7. Km* Hifh and Everlasting Xing. By R. F. 
Littledale, from the Sarum Bret., made for and 
first pub. in the People's H, 1867, No. 140, and 
signed, in the Index •' P. C. E." 

S. O Kuta; eternal, Xing' moat hit*. By S. 
Eugene Tolet, from the Horn. Bran, in the 
Wellington College H. Bi., I860, and later eds. 

Til, not in 0. V, : — 

1. O Saviour Christ, O God most high. Primer, 1T09. 
a. O King eternal, God most High. Blew, 18SS. 
3. Eternal Monarch 1 Lord Supreme. Chambert, 1857, 
*. Most high and everlasting Lord. F. Trappci, met. 

IT J.] 

Aeterni Festl gaudia. Aidant of St. 
Victor. [St. Augustine.} The earliest form of 
this sequence, which dates from the 12th cent. 
is in a Kheinau ns. of the 13th cent cited by 
AEoret, p. 203, where it reads Interni festi 
gaudia. This Tending is followed by Daniel, 
li. p. 250; Kekrein, No. 502; and others. 
L. Qautier, who printed from a 14th cent. MS. 
at Paris, gives the opening line as obovo— 
"Aeterni festi gaudia," the first word being 
the only change throughout the sequence. 
The full text, together with notes, is given 
in his CEuvres Poetiquet afAdam de St.- 
Victor, 1859, u. pp. 15(3-160, and in D. K. 
Wrangham'a reprint, The Liturgical Poetry of 
Adam of St. Victor, 1881, vol. if. pp. 180-191. 
Dr, Ne*lc says : — 

v Gautier reads Sterni, but I underntarjd the poet to 
mean that the external celebration of tlie Festival ts 
only the outspoken expression of toe Internal Jsy of the 
heart." Mtd-Hyt- anted. 18M,p. 133. 

Olichtoreus, 1516, remarks that the author 
gives the 

« title of infernal feati to that interiur Joy and 
exultation in tbe Lord of the pious soul which it per. 
celvea to exist within Itself when pervaded by the divine 
sweetness ; and, feeling tranquillity and peace of con- 
science with God*"6enerAted and treed, too, from all the 
caiee of the world— Et gives Itself np to God alone, and 
Is continually intent on His praise and contemplation." 

[W. A. SJ 

The frs. of thiB sequence are, i. those which 
include the whole text, and ii. those in centos. 

1. The full text. u Interni festi gaudia." 

1. Our teatal strains to-day reveal. By J. M. 
Neale, in hts Med. Hys., 1862 and 1867, in lost 
of 4 1. Not in C. U, 



t. Our tnsf ftil (trains let u nprsise. By D. 3. 
Wrangham, from , the text of Gatttier, in his tr. 
of the Liturgical Poetry of Adam of St. Victor, 
1881, vol. ii. pp. 187-191. Not in C. C. 

ii. Centos. "Interni, Ac. ; " and " Harum 

laudvm, &c" 
1, Oar festal straine tmlmy nruL By J. M. 
Neale. This is a cento composed of st. i,-v,, 
viii., ii. of the original. It was given in the 
enlarged ed. of the Hymnal N., 1854, &c. 

». Tl« praise* that the BlMMd knew. This is 
a second cento by Dr. Scale, It appeared in the 
Hymnal N., with the foregoing, and is composed 
of it. x., ii., vii., vi. and xiii. in the order 
named; and begins with the Latin stanza 
" Harum laudum prneconia." It is repeated with 
st. liL for vi. in the People's K, 1867, No. 277. 

I. Xteaaed seals in heaves rsjoi«. By Henrietta 

Mary Chester, written for the Jfymnary, 1872, 
No. 380, and given therein under the signature 
of "H. M. C. M This cento begins with "Harum 
Inndam," &c., and consists of st. i., si., v,,vi.-xiii. 
in the order named, and a doiology. [J. J.J 

Aeternl Patris Unioe. Anon. [St. 
Mary Magdalene.'] This hymn ha? been 
ascribed to St Odo of Cluny; and is found 
in a us. of the lllh cent, in the British 
Museum (Vesp. D. lii. f. 1536) added to the 
" Lauda Mater ecclesia " (q. v.). Both hymns 
are apparently in a later handwriting than 
the first part of the its. Daniel, i. No. 348, 
reprinted the text of Card. Newman, changing 
the opening word from " Eteme," to Aeterni. 
Mone (iii. p. 424), reprinted the text of a MS. 
of the 14th cent, and added thereto numerous 
references to MBS. and various readings ; and 
Daniel, ij. 244, the revised text of the Soman 
Brev. Summi parentis Unice. The text 
of the York Brev. is given in Card. New- 
man's Hymni EccUtiae, 1838, and the Bom. 
Brev. form in Biggs's Annotated H. A. & M. 
with st ii. 1. 2, "Koeonditur nerario," for 
" Rcoonditur eat aerario," in error. The older 
text sometimes reads, "Patris Aeleme Unice." 
. [W. A. 8.] 

Translations in C. U. : — 

Translations of both forms are in 0. U. : — 
I. Original Text " Aetemi Patris Unice." 

1, Son sf the Sternal Bin go kifh, By J. D, 
Chambers. 1st pub. in his Lavda Syon, 1866, 
Pt. ii., p. 91. This was given in the Appendix 
to the Hymnal A"., 1862, as : " Thou Only Son 
of God on high." 

». Sen «fXten»l God most hifh. By R. P. Little- 
dale, written for the People's H., 1867, and given 
therein as No. 265, under the initiate " F. Ii." 

Traulation not in 0. IT. : — 

Sun of the Sire, the Eternal One, 

Bltte, ISM. 

II. Bom. Brev. " Summi Parentis Unice." 
1. Son it the Highest, deign to east. By E. 

Caswall. Appeared in his Lyra Catholics, 184B, 
p- 164, and his Hymns and Poems, 1673, p. 89. 
In 1861 it was given with alterations in H. A, 
and M., the same text being repeated in the 
revised ed,, 1875. A leas altered text is No. 75 
in the St. John's Hymnal, Aberdeen, 1870. 

t, Jean, Sob of God, look down. This tr. is 


the above by E. Caswall, altered by the editors 
of the ffymnary, 1872, No. 576. [J. J.] 

Afflicted by a gracious God. 
Wesley. [Affliction."] From hie Short Hymw, 
vol. ii. 1762, p. 37S, and again in the P. Works 
of J. * C. WetUy, 1868-72, voL xiii. p. 158, 
and based on Heb. x. 11. It was included, 
with slight alterations, in the revised ed. of 
the Wet. B. Bk. 1875, No. 331, repiaoinu. 
" Thou, Lord, hast blest my going out ' (a. v.), 
which appeared in Hys, & Sac. Poem*, 1740. 

Afflicted soul, to Jesus dear. J 

Fatoaett. [Support in Affliction.] first pub. 
in his Hymns adapted to the circumstances of 
Pub. and PHv. Devotion, 1782, No. 13, in 
7 st. of 4 1, In its original form it is rarely 
found in common use. An altered and ab- 
breviated form, beginning ''Afflicted Saint, 
to Christ draw near," was given by Bippon 
in his Bapt. Sel., 1787. in 6 at., and later eds. 
This was repeated by Cotterill in his Sel. 1810, 
No. 50, and again in the 8th ed. 1819, No. 165, 
in 5 st., representing at. i., iii., v., vi. and vii. 
of the original. This is the arrangement 
which has come into C. U. in G. Brit and 
Americ.i, sometimes as "Afflicted Saint, to 
God," &c Orig. text in Lyra Brit. 1867, p. 225, 

Affliction, is a stormy deep. Nathaniel 

Cotton, [Affliction.] Part of his rendering 
of Ps, xiii., which appeared as "With fierce 
desire the hunted hart," in Dr. Dodd's Chris- 
tian'! Magazine, April, 1761, in 12 st. of 4 1., 
and signed "JJ." It was repablished in his 
(posthumous) Various Pieces in Verse and 
Prose, 1791. In 1812 Collyer divided it into 
two hymns, Nos. 59-60, in his GoU., the second 
beginning " Affliction is a stormy deep," in 5 
st. These stanzas were transferred, with two 
slight alterations, to Stowell's Sel 1831, and, 
sometimes with numerous alterations, to other 
hymnals, including Elliott's Ps, & Bys. 
1835, and Bickerstuth, GkrUt. Pmlmo. 1833. 
Windle's text, in his Met. Ptalter, Ps. 43, is 
from StoweH's Sel. 1831. Its modern use is 
not so extensive in G. Brit as in America. 

Again from calm and sweet repose, 

Charles Philpot. [Morning.'] Pub. in Mary 
Anne Jevona's Sacred Offering, 1835, p. 141, 
in 5 tt. of 4 1. and entitled " Morning Hymn." 
It is found in several American hymnals, 
including Hatfield's Ch. 3. Bk. 1872, No, 15, 
but is unknown to the English collections. 
We have im, date of 1822 for this hyinu, but 
no direct evidence. [W. T. B-] 

Again our ears have heard the 
voice, J. Montgomery. [Close of Service.] 
This hymn of 2 st, for the close of Divine 
Servieo, was given in his Christian Psalmist, 
18^5, No 472, und again in his Original 
Hymns, 1853, No. 354. It was included in 
Bickersteth's Christ. Fsalmo. 1833, but its use 
is very limited. 

Again our earthly cares we leave. 

[Divine Worship.] Appeared in Cotterill's 
Sel. 1810, No. 98, in 4 st. of 4 1., and entitled, 
"For the blessing of Gnd on Public Wor- 
ship." It is based on J. Newton's "O Lord, 
our languid souls inspire," st, ii, being spe- 


oiully from Newton. The cento was most 
probably arranged and rewritten by Cotterill. 
Its use in G. Brit, is somewhat limited, but in 
America it ia extensive, and is given in the 
collections of various denominations, 

Again the Church's year hath run Its 
round. Godfrey Thring. [Advent.'] Written 
in 1863, nnd pub. in his Hymns Congrega- 
tional, and* Otters, 1866, in 6 st, of 4 L pp. S 
& 6 as an " Advent Hymn," and again in his 
Hymns and Soared Lyrics, 1874, pp. 26-7,and 
in various hymnals. Authorized text in 
Turing's Coll. No. 102. It has been specially 
tot to music by Henry Hugo Pierson, Hymn 
Tuna, 2nd Series, Simpkin & Hnrshall, 1872. 

Again the day returns of holy rest 

W. Mason, [Sunday.] 1st pub. in the Protestant 
Magazine, May 1706, as one of two hymns, 
this being for use " Before Morning Service," 
and the second : " Soon will [shall] the even- 
ing star with silent ray " for " Befure Evening 
Service." The first hymn is in 5 st. of 4 1. and 
the second iu 4 st of i I., both being in the same 
measure, and each having the same chorus. 
Shortly after 1801 they were inserted in the 
form of a leaflet in the Foundling^ Hospital 
Cott.. and subsequently included in the en- 
larged edition of the same, in 1809. In 1811 
both hymns were pub, in the author's Works, 
4 vols, with the note appended to the second 

" This and the foregoing hymn are adapted to an 
elegant movement of Keyel, In hid Opera 23id. They 
have also bem uet to music by Dr. Barney and Mr. 
M. Camidge." 

Both hymns have como into modem use 
through J. Kempthorne's Ps. A Hys. 1810, 
CotterUTs Sel., 8th ed. 1819, nnd later collec- 
tions. The morning hymn is the more 
popular of the two, and is in somewhat 
extensive use, but often as, " Again return* thu 
day of holy rest''— ss iu Hall's Mitre, 1836, 
the Leeds H. 3L, 1853, the New Cong., and 
others. The American use of this hymn is 
very extensive, [W. T, B.] 

Again the Lord of life and light. 
AnnaL.Barbauld,neeAikin. [Etuter.] Con- 
tributed to Dr. W. Enfield's Hymns for Pvbtie 
Worship, ftc, Warrington, 1772, No. LX., in 
II st of 4 1, and appointed "For Easter 
Sunday." In the following year it was re-pub- 
Ilshed in Mrs. Barbauld's (then Miss Afldn) 
Poem*, Loud., J. Johnson, 1773, pp. 118-180, 
with alterations, and with the same title as in 
Dr. Enfield's Hymns, to. In his Coll of 1812 
Dr. Coltyer divided the hymn into two parts. 
Ft. i. being st. i.-iv., and Ft. ii. st v.-ii., and 
xi., st. x. being omitted. This second part, as 
hymn 688, opened with : — * Jesus, the Friend 
of human kind." It has, however, (alien out 
of use. Of the centos which have been com- 
piled from the original, there are in C. U : — 

1, In Mercer, 1st ed. 1S54, st. i., ii., vi., viii., 
iii., iv., from Cotterill's Srf., 8th ed. 1819 ; Mont- 
gomery's Christian Psalmist, and other Collec- 

3, In Hy. Camp, and others : st. i., 11., vi., iii., 
sad iv., from Biokersteth'sCarirt. Psalmo., 1883 ; 
Gurney*s Lutterworth CWf., 1838, and Maryle- 
bone Coil., 1851. 



3. In. S.P.C.K. Pt. $ Hys., 1852 and 1869, 
the same as No. 2, with the addition of a dox- 

4. In the Bapt. Pe. 4> Hys., 1858 and 1880, 
st. i.-iv., Pt. i. from Dr. Obi Iyer's Chit, as 

5. In the Islington Pt. $ Hys. 1830-63, 
Kennedy, 1863, as;— "This day be grateful 
homage psid," being st. iii., ii., iv., vi., viii,, it. 
The hymn in various forms is also in consider- 
able use in America, 

These facls will indicate the extent to 
which the original has been used, specially 
when it is remembered that these centos are 
repeated in many collections not indicated 
above. The full original text is given in 
Lyra Brit., 1867, pp. 35-36, and Ld. Selborne's 
Bk of PraUe, 18B2, pp. 61-62. The second 
cento has been rendered into Latin as: — 
Ease t iterun Dominu* vitas Itteuqtte revetot, 
by the Bev. H. Bingham, and included in his 
HVnui.Cnrtst.L«t.,187l,pp.85-87. [J. J.] 

Again the morn of gladness. J. EUer- 
ton. [Children's Hymn of Praise.] Written 
at the request of the Vicar of Teddington, 
as a processional for Sunday School children 
on their way to church, 1874, and first pub. 
in Children's Hy$., 8.P.C.K., No. 16; and in 
J. Curwen's New Child's O. H. Bk., No, 6. 

Again we lift our voice. C. Wesley. 
[Burial] "Written on the death of one 
Samuel Hntcliins, and included in Hymns 
and Sacred Poems, in 1749 {vol. ii.), ** Samuel 
Hutchins was a Cornish smith, one of the first 
race of Methodist preachers, who died at an 
early nge. An account of his life, written by 
his father, was published by J. Wesley in 1746." 
The hymn was embodied in the 1780 ed. of the 
We*. M. Bk., No. 51, and from thence it has 
passed into other hymnals. Orig. text, P. 
Works of J. 6- O. Wesley, 1868-72, vol, v, p, 214. 

tf A*ye fiot, Xiyeta <f>6pfivylj. Synesiut, Bp. 
of PtoUmat*. Ode L of the ten Odes which he 
composed at various periods of his life (875- 
430). The full Greek text is given in the 
Anth. Chase. Carm. Christ. 1671. So tr. is iu 
C. TJ. Those which we have are : — 

1. Gome, sweet hup, resounding. By I. waiiami 
in his ThougMt in Past Ttart, 1838. 

3. Come, gweet-vokedlyre, to the soft Telan measure. 
By A. Stmatun, In his Ife» Bgmnt of Sgnaiut, *t„ 
1SSS; and 

3. Wake, wake, I pray thee, shrill-toned lyre 1 By 
A. W. CsakjUld, in hia Songt ami Bgmmqf the X. Cr. 
CSaittian Potts, 18t6. 

*. Partial tr. only. In H. S. Boyd's Select Poems of 
Syneidu, etc., 18U. 

Of these trs. the only one from which a 
cento could be taken for C. TJ. is that of 
I. Williams. [J. J.] 

* Aye ftonfrvya. Synesiut, Bp. of PtoU- 
maSt, ThisisOdeiii.of theten Odes, of which 
the above is the first, It was written to his 
" own beloved Libya," during a time of peace, 
and on his return from the court of Arcadius. 
I It is the longest of the Odes, and is impas- 
sioned and patriotic. The full Greek text is 
given in the Anth. Grae. Carm. Christ., 187L 

The trs. Into English are :— <1) " LHt np thyself, 
my soul," by Hr. Cbatfleld, and pub. m bis Songs and 




■ffjwiHJ, IMS, pp. 10-SS, in 73 st. of * !. In explanation 
of the metre wbicb be boa adopted in the translation, 
Mr. Chntfleld adds the following note ;— 

"Jn tbe Greek, however abort tbc metre and bow- 
ever long tbe ode, there is no weariness from monotony, 
for tbe Interchange of anapffst, dactyl, and spondee, in 
the lines of from only four to six syllables each, makes 
a constant and plcsalng variety. But this being im- 
possible in an English translation, i have Adopted the 
measure which Milton so beautifully employs in the 
Hymn of tbo Nativity. For tbe convenience or those 
who may wisb to refer to the original, I mark the lines 
at the head of each stanza-" 

This tr. furnishes but few materials for tbe hymn- 
book compiler, but for tbe musician some exquisite 
sacred odes. (3) Another tr. is that of A. Stevenson : — 
"Cotue, my soul, to sacred songs." ThiB 1b unsuited 
to public worship. It ia given in his n» Ajmfti tf 
ttynesitti, etc, 3SB6. (3) There ia also a partial tr. in 
H. S. Bc-yd'a Sefcef Poetry sf Syneiivt, 1SU. 

[J. J.] 

Age after age has called her blessed, 

Etisaiielh Charles. [B. V. .If.] 1st pub, as 
No. 1 of tho ""Women of tho CkiBpels," in her 
Three Wakings, ttith Uys. and Sonos, 1859. 
It ia headed " Mary tho Mother of Jesus," 
and is bused upon tlio words " All generations 
shall call thee blessed." In Sncpp's Songs of 
G. & <?., 1872, it is unaltered. [W. T. B.] 

Ages, ages have departed. J. Mont- 
gomery. (Anti-Slavery.] Pub. in his Poet's 
Tort/olio, Ac, 1835, in 4 st. of 6 1. as No. 3 of 
hiB " Songs on tbe Abolition of Negro Slavery 
in tlio British Colonies, Aug. 1, 1834," and 
entitled " Slavery that was.*' 

Agnes, fair martyr. Mart/ THtnlop 
Moultrie. [St. Agnes.] Written on licr deathbed 
in 1866, and first pub. in the Church Time*, 
Jan. 20, 1860, and again in iicr brother'" 
Hymns and Lyrics, 1867, entitled " The 
Martyrdom of St. Agnos," Jan. 21, and con- 
sisting of 18 st. (pp. KJ8-71). In 1807, 11 at, 
were given in the People's it, as No. 235, for 
the Festival of " S. Agnes, V. M.," Jan. 21, 
under the initials of "M. D. M." These 
stanzas were partly rewritten, specially tho 
first three, for the I'coplc'a H. 

Agnosoat omne soeoulum. V. Far- 
tttnaitts. [Christ m as.] This hymn in 8 st. 
dates from tbo latter part of the 6th cent. 
Although wanting in the Vatican MSra., and 
Homo other siss. of Fortunatus's works, it 'was 
given by Fainicius, in 1561, from a us. of 
the Benedictine Monastery of Morbach, and 
has been repeated by Thomasius, and others, 
including various editions of the author's 
works (Migne's Patrologia, torn. 88, col. 261). 
The full text is also in a us. of the 11th 
cent in the Britith Museum (Harl. 2961, f. 
226b). It is found in very few breviaries. 
In those of Gonstanz and York, it is divided 
into four hymns of two stanzas each with 
tho doxology, and appointed to bo sung as 
follows : — 

l*rime. "Agnoscal omne soeculum." 
Tern. " Maria ventre concipiL" 
Sat. " pr&esepe ponl pertulit." 
irbrte, " Adam vctus quod pollult." 

The authorities for text and various read- 
fugs are Daniel, i. No. 138 ; iv. 176 ; and Humn. 
Sarisb., 1851, pp. 13-11. The York Brtv. 
text js also in Card. Newman's Hyntni Ecdesiae, 
1838 and 1865. 

Translations in C. U. : — 

Dr. Keale, following the York Brev. arrange- 
ment, gave, in the enlarged ed. of the ffytnTad 
K., 1&54, a tr. of each ;— 

Prime. " Let every age and nation own." 
Itrce, "The Virgin Mary hath conceived." 
Start. * He, by Whose band the light was made." 
JTohc. ** Now tho old Adam's sinful stain." 

and the sarao translations were repeated in tilt 
subsequent editions of the If. N. From these 
translations the editors of tho Hymnary, 187H, 
compiled No. 144, " Come, ye nation;, thank- 
ful own," tho metro being changed from tho 
L.M. of tho H.N. toT's. 

Truulattau not la 0. V. : — 

1. Let all the world confess from heaven. (" Agnosoat 
omne.'*) -Mew, 1BB2. 

2. What the old Adun stained and soiled. (" Adam 
vetus.") Blew, 1862. 

3. Let thankful worlds confers from heaven. Cham- 
bers, 1. XI, embracing tbe whole hymn, TJ, J.I 

Agnus Del Qui toUis peooata mtuidi 
The use of this modified form of part of the 
Gloria in Excelsis (q. v.), founded on John, i. 29, 

seems to be roferred to in the rubric for Easter 
Eve in the SaeramenittTy of St. Gelaeins, ad. 
492. In the time of Pope Bergius I. [687- 
701] it was ordered by him to be sung at the 
Communion of priest and people [" Statuit at 
tempore confractionis Domimci Corporis Ag- 
nus Dei, &c,a clero et populo decantaretur"J. 
Anastatius Bibliotheoarius • records this in 
Historia de Vitt's Bomanonm Pont^fieum. It 
is the opinion of Bona that Pope Sergius 
ordered it to be sung thrice; Le Brun, on tho 
contrary, thinks it was only sung once. In the 
11th century the last clause of its third repeti- 
tion, "miserere nobis," began to appear as 
" dona nobis pacem," and a little later in 
Masses for the dead, the lsst clause, instead of 
" dona nobis pacem," runs as a special prayer for 
the departed, "dona cis requiem sempitcr- 
nam." Thisoccurs nboin the English Missals 
of Sarum, York and Hereford, and is the nni- 
! versal custom of tho Roman Church at the 
prcsentday, which also repeats the words,"Eeee 
Agnus Dei, ecco Qui tollis peccato mundi," as 
the priest turns to deliver the sacramental 
wafer to the people. 

According to the Samm Um the Agnus Dei 
was incorporated in the Litany, but only to be 
sung twice, and the third clause is placed 
first. This was followed in the English 
Litany of 1344 fas now in our own Litany}, 
and in the First Prayer Book of Edward VI., 
1549, was repeated in ihe Communion Office 
with the following rubric : — 

"In the communion lime the clerks ahiill sing;— 
"•11. Lamb of God that takwt »way tlie elna of lbs 
world, ba-ve mercy upon us. 
' O Limb of Ood . . . grant us THj peace.' " 

This was omitted in 1552, and all subse- 
quent revisions, though Bp. Cosin suggested 
its restoration in 1662 : but just as the Adoro 
Te was used frequently as a private devotion, 
so this translation of the Agnus Dei has con- 
tinued in almost unbroken use in various 
Encharistic manuahs of English divines; e.g. in 
Bp. Cosin's Cott. of Private- DeeotiOM, 1027, and 
the revised ed., 1664; Dean Lancelot Addison, 
1C99; Rev. Jas. King, 1726; and the very 
popular NewWeekt' Preparation, 1739, 


Translations in C. U. -.— 

Limb of Ood, that takest away, *•■ By G. 
Moultrie. This metrical arrangement of the 
Agnus Jki was first pub. in the Chureh Times, 
Jojy 23, 186*, and his Hymns and Lyrics, 1887, 
p. 118, in 3 St. of 5 1., and in 1872 was trans- 
ferred to the Hytnnary, with slight alterations 
in the last stanza. [V.] 

The iipniw Dei baa also come into English 
use through the German, in the following 
manner : — 

(L) Lamm OattM uuehaldif;. By Nicolnus De- 
cius, or Hovesch, first pub. in Low German in the 
Gvyttlt/ie kder, Rostock, 1531, and in High 
German in V, Schumann's Q. B., Leipzig, 1539. 
Both forms are included in Waehtrnagd, iii. p. 
568, in 3 st. of 7 ]., as in the case of the Latin, 
at, i. only being printed in full. Included in 
almost all subsequent hymn-books as recently in 
the Urn. L. &, 1851, No, 110. It has been 
mnch used in Germany at Holy Communion 
daring the distribution of the elements ; on 
Good Friday, at the close of sermon ; and on other 
occasions. The trt. iu C. (J. are ; — 

1, Iamb «f Sod molt holy. By A. T. Russell 
as No. 26 in the Dalston German Hospital Coll., 
1848, in 2 st. of 7 1., repeated in his own Ps. 
and Hyt., 1851, No. 156, in 3 st. In both cases 
the sts. are identical, save in 1. 7. 

t, ft Lamb «f Ood, most stainless. By Diss 
Winkworth, as No. 46 in her C. S. for England, 
1863, in 3 st., identical, sure in 1. 7. 

8. Lamb of God, matt Hair. On" 1st ui afcanen 
dyimff. By Miss Borthwick, in fall from Knapp, 
contributed as No. 88 to Dr. Fagenstecher's 
Coll., 1864. 

4. Lamb ef Ood, without blemish! No. 75, in 
the Ohio Luth. Hymnal, 1880, in 3 st., identical, 
save 1. 7. 

Otiksrtrs. an: — 

(11 " Lamb of God, our Saviour," by J. C, JacoM, 
DM, p. 16 (1132. p. 31 j, and thence as No. ill in pt. i. 
of the Moravian B. Bk., MM, (1) "0 Lamb of God 
unspotted," as part of the LHanies at Baptism, p. xiiv. 
of the jtforcteiOA R. Bk^ 1B01, and continued as a hymn 
tn later eds. (S) "O Lamb of God, Who, bleeding," 
contributed by FraT. T. C. Porter to SchiiT's Ovrtit in 
Sntp.ed. 18J»,p. ***. (1) " Lamb of God, most holy, 
Upon the crosar (torn the version In Knanp's Kb. h. £, 
1S3T, No. E39 fed. 18SS. No. m\ sts. it., flf. being from 
the Dresden G, B, 1J3S (Ktcaer, 11, 18*1, In the Brttith 
ReraU, Oct. Ia*s, p. 314, and repeated M No. 41! In 
Beld's Jrotse Bk.. 18TS. 

(it.) ufcruta da Lamm Oettse, In the Reforma- 
tion period this tr. of the Ajnw Dei, in 3 st. of 
3 1., was regarded as a prose autiphon rather to 
be included in the Liturgy than in the Hymn- 
book. Thus Krk, {Choral Bach, 1863, note to 
No. 38, p. 345,) quotes it as in Low German 
in the Brunswick Kircnenordmmg, 1528, and in 
High German in that for Saxony, 1540. It is 
given as a hymn in the Uhv. Z. &, 1851, No. 88. 
The trt. in C. U. are, (1) " Lamb of God, our 
Saviour," in full, by A. T. Russell as No, 20 in 
the Dnlston German Hospital Coll., 1848. (3) 
* Lamb of God, Jesus 1 Thou who," Ac, in full, 
as No. 6B in the Ohio Luth, Hymnal, 1880. 

[J. M.] 

Agrioola, Johannes [Bneiderl b. April 
20, 1492, at Eisleben, where his father was a 
tailor. During his University course at 
Wittenberg, Lather took ft great interest in 


him, entertained him at his own table, took 
him with him to Leipzig for the disputation, 
in 1513, with Dr. Eok, and in 1525 procured 
for him the position of Rector of BL Andrew's 
School at Eisleben, and preacher at St. 
Nicholas's Church there. He remained iu 
Eisleben till 1536, working hand in hand with 
Luther ; but after bis removal to Wittenberg, 
in 1536, as one of the lecturers in the Uni- 
versity, he developed Antinomion views, 
and, iu 1537, pub. a series of theses which 
Luther answered in six disputations, 1538-40. 
On his appointment as Court Preacher at 
Berlin, in 1540, he formally renounced these 
opinions, and professed adherence to Witten- 
«rg_ orthodoxy. But after bis subsequent 
appointment as General Superintendent of the 
Hark, he gradually not only sought the esteem 
of the great, but, in order to gain the favour 
of the Emperor, joined with two representa- 
tives of the Romish Church in drawing up a 
Formula of Union (Ton Interim ) which was 
presented to the Imperial Diet, held at Augs- 
burg, and adopted by the Diet on May 
15, 1548. By this action he disgusted the 
Lutherans, and procured for himself only 
discredit Had. at Berlin, Sept. 22, 1566. Ho 
was one of the best preachers of his time, 
and compiled one of the earliest collections of 
German Proverbs, first pub. at Zwickau, 
1529 [the Brit. 3t«t. copy was printed at 
Hagenau, 15291 {Koch, i. 278-281. Attg. 
Deutsche Bicg., i. 146-48). 

Four hyinns by him appeared in the early 
Lutheran hymn-books, tiro of which were 
retained by Luther iu Bahst's Qesangbuek, 
Leipzig, 1545. 

1. leh ruf iu lit, Ben Jesu Christ. [Supplica- 
tion.] Wackemagel, iii. pp. 54-55, gives two 
forms of this, in 5 st, of 9 lines, the first from 
Geisilic/ie Licder, Erfurt, 1531, the second from 
an undated broadsheet before 1530, entitled, "A 
new hymn of supplication for Faith, Love, and 
Hope, and for a Holy life ; composed by John 
of Eisleben, preacher to John Duke of Saxony." 
Fischer, i. 345, refers to the Niirnberg broad- 
sheet, c 152S, quoted in Waekernagels Bibliv- 
graphie t 1855, p. 89, and adds that in his 
opinion the disfavour into which Agricola fell 
after the outbreak of the Antinomian contro- 
versy caused the suppression of his name in the 
hymn-books. After appearing in King's Geietliche 
Lieder, 1529, the hymn was included in almost 
all subsequent hymn-books, and so recently as 
No. 379 in the Unv. L. S., 1851. 

Tt is sometimes erroneously ascribed to Panlus 
Speratus, an assumption originating with the 
Siga Q. B. of 1664. It was a fnvonrite hymn 
of Valerius Herberger, of P. J. Spener (who 
requested it to be sung at his deathbed), and of 
many others. 

Translations in C. U. : — 

1. Loud Jesu Christ, I cry to Thee. A good tr., 
omitting st. iv., by A, T. Russell, as No. 200 in 
his Ps. # He., 1851. 

2, Lord, he** the voice of my wmaUint, A full 
and very good tr. as No, 116 by Miss Wink- 
worth in her C. B. for England, 1863. 

Other trs. are : — 

1) " I call on the, Lorde Jesu Christ," by Bp, Cautr- 

' :, 1!W9 (Bmaint, IMS, p. MO), repeated, slightly 




filtered, In the VtuU and tlodly Xallate* (ed. 1S«. folia 
3t), ed. iwii, p. BT. (2) " 1 cry to Thee, my dearest 
I^ord," hy J. ft Jaeobi, 1TM, p. «*i '" his ed. WZ, 
p. lis, altered to w To Thee, OXord, I Bead my cries," 
una thence us No. 310 in pt. i. of the Moravian if. ilk. 
1734 ; omitted In 1789 and 1801 j in the SHj&ltmtnt of 
1H08, st. i., iv. vera included is No. 1082, and repeated 
in later eds. altered to u To Thee I send my fervent 
oriei." (3) " I try to Thee, O Christ our Lord ! " by 
N. L. Frotfiingham, IBM, p. 20S. [J, M,] 

Ah, I shall soon be dying. X Ityland. 
[Death anticipated.] Dr. Ryland'a son Bays 
that this hymn was written by his father 
while walking through the streets of London, 
and dates it IBM, (a. Has.). This date ia an 
error, as the hymn appeared in the Evangelical 
Magazine, Oct. 1798, in 8 st. of 4 1., as " Re- 
flections," and with the note : — 

"The following lines passed through the mind of a 
country minister u he vu walking the etreeta or Lon- 
don, and considering how far several persons appeared 
now to be advanced in life whom he hid known in their 
youth a very few years back, and how many others of 
his acquaintance hod been already removed." 

The hymn was repeated in the Baptitt 
Register, 1800, p. 312, and in the 27th ed. of 
Bippon's Sel, 1827-8, No. 550. pt. iii. From 
thence it lias passed into collt.-otiotiabuth in G. 
Brit trad America. It is also included in 
Sedgwick's reprint of Dr. Eylend's Hymns, 


Ah, Jesus, let me hear Thy voice. 
A. Seed. [Desiring Christ.] Contributed to 
his Supplement to Dr. Watts, 1817, No. 108, 
and also included in his Hymn Book, 1842, 
No. 333 in 5 st of 4 L under the title, 
'* Desiring Christ." It was repub. in tbe 
Wycliffe Chapel Sup. 1872, No. 14. Its use in 
G. Brit, is very limited, but in America it is 
regarded with great favour. In his Ch. H. Bk. 
Dr. Hatfield omits st. 4. Orig. test in Lyra 
Brit. p. 476, and Schaffs Chrut ia Song, 1869. 

Ah, Lord, with trembling I confess, 

C. Wesley. [Badisliding.] From his Short 
Hymns, etc., 1762, vol. ii., No. 80. It appeared 
in the Wet. H. Bk.. 1780; and is retained in 
the new ed., 1875, No. 317. It has also passed 
into various collections in G. Brit, and Ame- 
rica, and is included in the P. Worfc* of J. & 
C. Wesley, 1868-72, toL x. p. 165. 

Ah, lovely appearance of death. C. 
Wedey. [Burial.] 1st pub. in bis funeral 
Hymns (1st Ser.), 1746, No. v., and entitled 
" On the sight of » Corpse/' The body is 
supposed to have been that of a young man 
who died at Cardiff, Aug. 1 744 ; as, concerning 
him, C. Wesley wrote in his journal of that 
date, " The Spirit, at its departure, had left 
marks of its hnppinees on the clay. No sight 
upon earth, in my eyes, is half so lovely." In 
1780 it was included in the Wes. S. Bk., hut 
omitted in the revised ed.of 1875. Orig. text, 
P. Works of J. & C. Wesley, 186B-72, toI. vi. 
p. 193. The text of this hymn was revised 
by the author about 1782, and reduced to 5 
st. Details of tbe MS. alterations are given 
in the P. Works, vol. vi. p. 212. Although 
omitted from the Was. B. Bk., 1875, it is still 
retained in many collections in G. Brit, and 

Ah, mournful oase, -what can afford, 
Ralph Ertkine. [Longing for Heaven^ 1st 


pub. in his Gospel Sonnets (2nd ed., Edin., 
J 726) as section i. of pt v., entitled " Tho de- 
sorted Believer longing for perfect Freedom 
from Sin," in 20 st. of 4 lines. St. xir.-xx 
beginning — " O send me down a drought of 
love " — were included in the Sacred Senas of 
Scotland, 1860 (Edin., A. Elliott), p. 41, as 
No. 870 in Lord Selbome's Bk. of Praise, and 
adopted, as No. 230, in the Scottish Pret. 
Hijml., 1876. [J. M.] 

Ah, my dear Lord, Whose changeless 
love. C. Wesley. [In Temptation.'] 1st put), 
in Hymns and Sacred Poems by J. A C. Wes- 
ley, 1739, in 11 st of 4 1. In Kennedy, 1863, 
No. 1266, is composed of st. i., ii.,iii,, vii., x, and 
xii. In its oiigins.1 form it is unknown to 
modem hymnals, and tho use of this ctnto is 
very limited. Stanzas si.-xiv. — as "Fondly 
my foolish heart essays " — were given in tho 
Wes. H. Bk. 1780, as No. 282. The same 
stanzas ore No. 291 of the revised ed. 1875. 
Orig. text, P. Works, 1808-72, vol. i. p. 131. 

All, my dear loving Lord. C. Wesley. 
[Spiritual life within.] This poem, of 15 
double stanzHs, in too parts, is the lost of three 
entitled, " The Backslider," which appeared 
in Hys. and Sacred Poem*, 1742. In 1780 the 
hymn " My gracious, loving I>ord," was com- 
piled therefrom, and included with alterations, 
in the Wes. H. Pk. from whenco it hits passed 
into niany collections of the Methodist bodies. 
Orig. text, P. Works, 1808-72, vol. ii. p. 114. 

Ah, what a wretch am L C. Wesky. 

£ IVatct^night,] 1st pub. in Hymns and Sacred 
Poems, 1749, being No. 2 of " Hymns for tho 
Watch-night," in 10 st of 8 1. Of these, st. ix„ 
x., beginning, "Thou aeest my feebleness," 
arc found in some collections, including the 
Leeds H. Bk., 1853, Bnpt. Pt. and Hys., 
1858, and others. The cento "Gracious Uo- 
deemer, shake," in tho Wes. H. Bk., 1780 and 
1875, and other collections, is also from this 
hymn. It begins with st v. (Orig. text, P. 
Works, 1868-72, vol. v. p. 201). In the Ame- 
rican Bk. of Hys., 1848, and the Hys. of the 
Spirit, 1864, it rends, "Father, tiiis dumber 

Ah, when ahaU I awake. C. Wesley. 

[Prayer.] From his Hymn* on GotTs Ever- 
Xasting Love, first pub. in 1741, in 11 st. of 8 1. 
(second series), No. vii. Of the original, 6 st 
were included in tbe 1780 ed. of the Wei. H. 
BK No. 294. Orig. text, P. Works, 1868-72, 
vol. iii. p. 61. 

Ah, 'whither flee, or where abide. 
[Retirement.'] Contributed by Miss Winkwortb 
to- Lyra Mystiea, 1865, p. 263, in 7 st. of 8 1., 
as from tbe German. The original has not 
been traced. 

Ah, whither should X go. C. Wesley. 
[£en(.] 1st pub. in his Hymn* on God's Ever- 
lasting Love, 1741, No. 14, in 16 st of 8 1, In 
1780 st. i.-iv. were given in tbe Wes. H. Bk. 
as one hymn, and st iiv.-xvi., "Lo in Thy 
hand," as a second, under the division " For 
mourners convinced of Sin," Although the 
latter was emitted from the revised ed., 1875, 
yet both hymns are found in a considerable 


number of collections, both in G. Brit, and 
America. Orig. test in P. Works, 1868-72; 
vol. iii. p. 80. 

All, why am I left to complain. 0. 
Wedey. [Lent,] From his Short Hymns, 17G2 ; 
again 17SJ4 ; and in P. Works, 1868-72, vol. x. 
p. 26. It was included in the Wes. H. Bk,, new 
ed., 1875, No. 777. 

Ah, wretched souls who strive in 
vain. Anne Steele, [lent.] A hymn on 
« Tlie Christian's Noblest Besolntion,*' which 
appeared in Iter Poem) on Subjects ehiefiy Ve- 
Tolienal, 1700, vol. i. p. 161, in 5 st. of 4 1., 
from whence it pawed into the Bapt. CoVL of 
Hy*. of Ash and Evans, 1769, No. 286, and 
signed "T."; into Kippon's Bapt. Set, 1787, 
No. 334, and others. It is also found in 
Sedgwick's reprint of Miss Sttelo's Hymm, 

Ah, wretched, vile, ungrateful heart. 

Anne Steele. [Twit.] Under the title of " The 
Inconstant Henrt," (his hymn was pnb. in Lor 
Poem on Sitbjects ehiefiy Devotional, 1760, 
vol. i. p. 119, in 5 st of 4 1. ; again in the next 
od., 1780 ; and again in Sedgwick's reprint of 
her Hymns, 1863, Its use is unknown, or 
nearly so, in G. Brit., but in Amerioa it is 
given in several of the most important modem 
collections, including Hatfield's Ch. H. Bk\, 
1872, No. 970, and others. 

A.iryvnTOV fywrnqp. [St. Mark.} Three 
liomoia (hymns of the some strnoture) from 
the office for St. Mark (Ap. 25) in the Menaea. 
The only fr. is that by Dr. Littledale— " Mark, 
shining light of Egypt " — which was made for 
and first published in the People's H., 1867, 
No. 217, and signed "F. B." The doxology 
is not in the original. 

AifciTi, Anna L. [Barbuda, A. I.] 

Ainger, Alfred, m.a., graduated Tiin. 
Coll. Cambridge, u.a, I860, K.A. 1861. In 
1860 ho became curate of Alrewas, Stafford- 
shire; in 1861 AsiUtant Mnster of Sheffield 
Collegiate School, and in 1866 Reader at the 
Temple Church, London. Mr. Ainger's Har- 
vest hymn " Another year is onaed," was 
written for the Harvest Festival at Alrewas, 
1862, in 5 st of 8 1. On appearing in HarUtnd, 
cd. 1861, No. 216, two stanzas were reduced to 
one, thus forming a hymn of 4 st. Its use is 
not extensive. 

Aineworth, Henry, was a leader of the 
Brownist party in England, and ono of those 
nonconforming clerjry who, in 1604, left this 
country for Amstertuun. He was a learned 
man and skilled iu Hebrew. He became 
very poor in exile, living on the meanest 
fare, and acting as porter to a bookseller. 
He was of a warm temperament and apt to 
be quarrelsome; d. 1622 qt 1623, snddienly, 
which gave rise to a suspicion of unfair 
play on the part of the Jewish community. 
His translations from the Hebrew Psalms 
were printed at Amsterdam and entilled The 
Booke of Psalms : Englished both in Prose and. 
Metre, 1612. It contained a preface and had 
musical notes. Thereis aeopyinthoBodleian 
Library. [J. T. B.] 



Aird, Marion Paul, b. at Glnsgow, 1815, 
where she resided for tome time, and tlien 
proceeded to Kilmarnock, where her Home of 
lite Heart and other Poem* Moral and Beligiotts 
were pub. 1846-1863, her Heart Histories, 
Violet* from Greenwood, *&, in prose and 
verse, 1853, and Bm and Shade, 1860. Miss 
Aird is included in J. G. Wilson's PoeU and 
Poetry of Scotland, 1876, vol. ii, p. 389. Very 
few of her hymns are in C. U., amongst these 
is " Had I the wings of a dove, I would fly.'' 

Akerman, Lucy Evelina, nee Met- 
oal£ An American Unitarian writer, dau. of 
Thomas Metcalf, b. at Wrentham, Mass., 
Feb. 21, 1816, m. to Charles Akerman, of 
Portsmouth, N.H, resided at Providence, 
B.L,andd.lhereFeb.21 1 1874. Mrs.Akenmin 
is known as a hymn writer through her : — 

Nothing bat leaves, the Spirit grieves, which 
was snggested by a sermoa by M. D. Conway, 
and 1st pub. in the N. Y. Christian Observer, cir. 
1858. In the Scottish family Tramu-y, 1859, 
p. 136, it is given without name or signature, 
and was thus introduced into G. Brit. In 
America it is chiefly in use amongst the Baptists. 
Its popularity ia Great Britain arose out of its 
incorporation by Mr. Sankey, in his Sac. S. $■ 
Solos, So. 34, and his rendering of it in the 
evangelistic services of Mr. Moody. The sir to 
which it is sung is by an American composer, 
S. J. Vail. 

Alaxius de Insulis, or of Lille in Flan- 
ders, called also Alanus Anglicus, lived in the 
last half of tho 1 2th and part of tho 13th cent. 
There appears to bo much doubt, which hat 
resulted in much controversy, as to wiiether 
or not there were two individuals bearing the 
name of Alanus de In Balis, or whether Alanus 
the poet, known as " Doctor Universalis," was 
identical with Alanus the Bishop of Auxerre, 
the friend of St. Bernard. It is unnecessary to 
discuss the question here. There ia no doubt 
that the poet is identical with the " Doctor 
Universalis." The principal works of this 
author were;— 

I. ParaMet, a work described by Arenbishup Trench 
inhis&u;. Lat. Poetry, 3rd ed., IB?*, as having been 
H in high favour before the revival of teaming." 

SS. Jnti-Cltmdiimm, ■ moral poem of considerable 
length, divided into nine books, called * Dtottnctkines." 
It is upon this work that his fame chiefly refits. 

3. Liber ds Planet* naturae, written parlly In 
verse, and partly In proae. 

Leyser (p. 1020) says of this author " Inter 
aevi sui poettiB faoile fumiliam duxit;" Oudin 
(De Script. Eccles., ii. p. 1405) that the Anti- 
Claudianu* is " singulari festivitate, lepore, et 
elegantia eonscriptnm ;" Bnmbach (Antiw- 
logie, 1 p. 329) speaks highly of his merits; 
while Archbishop Trench, though demurring 
somewhat to the full praises of the -otliers, 
allows that in such passages as the one com- 
mencing, "Est locus ex nostro secretus cli- 
mate "(which is the description of a natural 
paradise), " Ovidian both in their merits and 
defects, wo must recognise the poet's hand," 
Sac. Lat. Poetry, 1849 and 1874. 

Only one complete ed. of this poet's works la known, 
vis., Alatti Opera, ed. C. de Vfaeh, Antwerp, iea4 ; 
but his AwU-aaudiama and Liber de Planetu Naturae 
are given st length In T. Wright's Angto-Laiin 
Saiirteal Poeti, fcc, rf the 11th cent., Tau., IBIS, 



vol. ii. >JilriU;U< from his work? are also found in the 
authors above referred to, and others. One of hlfi 
poema, "Onmls Mundl creiturn," hus l>ceii lr. into 
KngUnli. It is given in Worsley'e Ponnt and Tranila- 
tiontr, 1863, p. 199. Latin text in JVeiteA and Kitnigt- 
feld. [D, g. W.] 

Alard, Wilhelm, s, of Frans Alard, who 
was ennfossor of the Reformed Faith during 
the persecutions of the Duke of Alva, was b. at 
Wilster, Nov. 22, 1572. He was not only by 
birth a member of a noble Bolgian family, but 
of one distinguished for three or four genera- 
tions in classical and theological literature. 
Indeed, in 1721, a volume was published at 
Hamburg by one of the family entitled Becas 
Alnrdorum scriptii CUirorum. Wilholm Alard, 
amongst otlior compositions, published three 
small volumes of Latin hymns :— 

1. SxcabiarwM Piarwtn Centuritt, Lipsiao, 1623. 

2. ^fCHO&rum Piaruta Ctnturia Secand^t, 1S2S, 

3. ExatbUlrum Fiarum Cfcnturia Tertla, 1630. 

These hymns were held in high esteem 
when they first appenred, the first volume 
passing through four editions during its 
author's lifetime. They are now almost for- 
gotten. Archbishop Trench has given one 
short specimen from each of the first two 
centuries in his Sac. Lai. Poetry, 1849 and 
1874, from the first, a hymn " Accessuri ad 
BBOram Communionem Oratio ad Jesum Ser- 
vatorem," p. 246 ; and fram the second, " Do 
angelo onstode," p. 240. The latter very 
gi'aceful composition, commencing, " Cum mo 
tenent fallacia," is also in Lof tie's Latin Year, 
and, tr. into English, iu D. T, Morgan's Hys., 
Ac., of the Lai. Church, 1880. 

The poet during his latter years was pastor 
and superintendent at Krempe, in Holstein, 
where he d. May 9, 1645. [D. S. W.] 

Alas ! and did. my Saviour bleed. I. 

Walt*. [Pawiontide.] 1st pub. in the lBt 
ud. of his Hymn* and Spiritual Songs, 1707, 
and again in the enlarged ed. of the same 
1703, Bk. ii., No. 9,in 6 St. of 4 1., and entitled 
"Godly sorrow arising from the Sufferings of 
Christ." At a very early date it passed into 
common use outside of the religious body with 
which Watts was associated. It is found in 
many modern collections in G. Brit., but its 
most extensive use is in America. Usually 
the second Btanza, marked in the original to 
be left out in singing if desired, is omitted, 
both in the early and modem collections: 

A slightly altered version of this hymn, 
with the omission of st. ii., was rendered into 
Latin by the Rev. E. Bingham, as "Anne 
fimdens sanguinem," was included in his 
Mymnol. ChrieU Lot., 1871, pp. 245-247. 

Alas! by nature how depraved. J. 
Newton. [X*nf.] Appsared in the Olney 
Hymn*, 1779, Bk. ii., No. 29, in 7 st. of 4 1, 
and based on the words, "How shall I put 
thee among the children ? " Jer. iii. 19. As 
given in Snepp's S. of O. & (?., 1872, No. 450, 
and elsewhere, it is composed ofst.i.-iv. of the 

Alas] what hourly dangers rise. 

Anne Steele. [Woial/u&wM.] 1st pub. in her 
Poems on Swjeets chiefly Devotional, 1760, 
vol. i. pp. 79-60, in 6 st. of 41., and entitled 


" Watchfulness and Prayer," Matt. xsvL 7 
It was also reprinted in subsequent eds. of 
the Poem*, and in Sedgwick's reprint of her 
Hymns, 1863. In Williams & Bodcn's Coll., 
1801, No. 362, it was abbreviated to 4 st., and 
this example has been mostly followed to the 
present day. Its use in G, Brit, is very 
limited ; but in America it is somewhat ex- 
tensive, aud varies in length from 3 to 5 et., 
the Sabb. H. Bh., 1858, No. 037, being an 
exception in favour of the complete text, with 
the single alteration of "my" to " mine eyes " 
in st. 1. 

Alber, Erasmus, son of Tileman Albor, 
afterwards pastor at Engelroth, was b. at 
Sprendlingen o. 1S0O. After studying at 
Wittenberg under Luther and Melanchthon, 
he became, in 1525, schoolmaster at St. Ursel, 
near Frankfurt-am-Main, and in 1527 at 
Heldenborgen, in Hesse Darmstadt. In 1528 
he was appointed by the Landgravo Philip 
of Hesse pastor at Sprendlingen and Gdtzen- 
hain, where ho devoted himself specially to 
the children of his charge. After 11 years' 
service he was appointed by the Elector 
Joachim of Brandenburg court preacher at 
Berlin, but proving too faithful for the court, 
was, in 1541, removed as ehief pastor to Neu 
Brandenburg. In 1542 lie became pastor at 
Btadc, inWetteravia, and while there received, 
in 1543, the degree of Doctor of Theology 
from the University of Wittenberg. He was 
then invited, in the beginning of 1545, by 
the Landgrave Philip IY, of Hanau Lichten- 
berg, to perfect the work of the Reformation 
in Babenliausen, but no sooner bad he fairly 
entered upon it thsn, in the end of October, 
he received his dismissal. After a short 
stay at Sprendlingen and at Wittenberg, 
he became preacher at Magdeburg, where he 
strongly denounced the Interim (see Agtiedta). 
On the capitulation of Magdeburg, in 1551, 
after a 14 months' siege, he Bed to Hamburg, 
and then wont to Lubeck. Finally, in 1552, he 
was appointed by Duke Albrccht I. of Meck- 
lenburg, General Superintendent of Mecklen- 
burg, and preacher at St. Mary's Church in 
Neu Brandenburg. In addition to losing all 
his own and his wife's property by confiscation 
and necessary expenditure, he was there un- 
able to obtain from the Town Council tho 
payment of bis stipend. On May 4, 1553, he 
applied for the payment of 60 florins to relievo 
bis urgent necessities. The refusal broke his 
heart. He returned home to die, and fell 
asleep at 9 a.m. on May 5, 1553, 

One of the lest writers lor children in his day, and an 
ardent controversialist and martyr of freedom of speech, 
he has been by some ranked, na a bymn-WTlter, next to 
Lather, In the Reformation period. Hishymns,20inall, 
were first collected by Dr. StromberBer, and pub. at 
Halle, 1857. Being mostly long, and ungainly in style, 
not many of them have kept a place in tfie hymn-books, 
though they nave been justly styled "powerful and 
living witnesses of a steadfast faith and a manly trust 
In God's Word" (JToca, 1. 3Ol-30Sj AUg. Deutsche 
JHoff. i. 21&-20; Dr. Stromberger's Prtfacei Bote, pp. 
35-3S— the last stating that his father was a school- 
master at o^rendlingen.) Two have been tr. into Eng- 
lish. One of these, beginning " ChrisUs, da bist der hello 
Tag," is a tr., and la noted under, " Chrlste qui lux es 
et dies," 

The only original hymn by Alher tr. into 
English is — 


L Sun &eut euoh Gottaa Kinder all. [jtscca- 
sm>m.] 1st pub, on a broadsheet, ]f.P. N.o., 
it. 1549, aud thence in Wackernagel, iii. p. 831, 
in 29 st. of 4 1. In a broadsheet at Nilrnberg, 
cj. 1555, it is entitled, "Of the Fruits of the 
Ascension of onr Lord Christ and of the Gifts of 
the Holy Spirit," and begins — " Freut euoh ihr 
Guttes Kinder all." This farm is included in 
Dr. Stromberger's ed. of Aiber's Gclatlkhm Lieder, 
1857, p. 5. lu the hymn-books it is generally 
abridged, and so the Berlin G. L. S. ed. 1863, 
839, giresl6 st. (i.-vi., ii.-xi., iiii.,xviii.,][xv.- 
i*iK., oftlie first form). A tr.; — 

OHildren of your Odd rejoice, of St. i., ii., iv., 
ixvil.-uii., by A. T. Russell, is given as Xo. 
123, in hisPj. &Hys. 1851. See also Diterieh, 
J. & (Avf, Jem Jiinger). fJ. M.] 

Alberti, or Albert, Heinrich, s. of 

Jnhann Alberti, tax oolleetor nt Lobenstein, in 
Voigtlaud (Reuss), b. at Lobenstein, June 28, 
1604. After some timo spent in the study of law 
nt Leipzig, ho went to Dresden tiud studied 
music under his uncle Hcinrioh Scbuta, the 
Court Capellmeister. He went to Konigsberg 
in 1626, and was, in 1631, appointed organist 
of the Cathedral. In 1636 he wus enrolled 
a member of the Poetical Union of Konigs- 
berg, along with Daeh, Roberthin, and nine 
others. Ho d. nt Konigsberg, Oct 6, 1651. 
His hymns, which exhibit him as of a pious, 
laving, true, and artistic nature, appeared, 
with those of the other members of the Union, 
in his Arien etliohe theft* geutiiahe, theiU welt' 
liche tar Andadkt, guten Sitten, Keaecher Liebe 
and EhrenJuit dUnende Lteder, pub. separately 
in 8 pts., 1038-1650, and in a collected form, 
Konigsberg, 1652, including in nil, 118 seculor, 
and 74 sacred pieces. Of the 78 sacred melo- 
dies which ho composed andpub. in these 8 
pts., 7 came into German 0. V.(Koch,iii. 191- 
197; Allg. Deutsche Biog., i. 210-212, the 
latter dating his dtatb, 1655 or 1656). 

Two of his hymns have been tr. into Eng- 
lish, viz. :— 

i, Dbt rftuhe Herbft kammt vieder. {Atrfumn.] 
1st pub. as above in pt. viii., 1650, Xo. 9, 
in 9 st. of 6 1., entitled " On the happy depar- 
tuie, Sep. 2, 1648, of Anna Katheriae, beloved 
little daughter of Herr Andreas Hollander," of 
Kneiphof, Included, as No. 731, in the U)tv. L. 
8., 1851, omitting st. iii., viii., ii. 

The tn. an t — 

(1) " The Autnmn is returning," by Mies Maninaton, 
1863, p. ITS. (u) *• Sad Autumn's moan returnetu, in 
E. Maggie's Sacred Odd, vol. Ii. 186?, p. 1. 

ii. Gott del Himniels uad der Brden. [fci%,] 
First pub. as above in pt. v. 1643, Ho. 4, iu 7 st. 
of 6 1., included as No. 459 in the Urn. L. S., 

Of this hymn Dr. Cosaclc, of Konigsberg (quoted 
in Aba*, viii. 186), says:— 

" For two hundred yews it is hardly likely that a 
■ingle day has greeted the esith that has not. here and 
la™, in German lands, been met with Albertfe hymn. 
Hardly another montlng hymn can be oompuvd with it, 
as far as popularity and intrinsic value are concerned, if 
simplicity and devotion, purity of doctrine and adapta- 
tion to all the circumstances or lift are to decide." 

Sts. ii., iii., v. have been special favourites in 
Germany, st. v. being adopted by children, by 
brides, by old and young, as a morning prayer. 



The due melody (in the Irish Ch. Hymnal tailed 
" Godcsberg ") is also by Alberti. 

Translations in C. U. : — 

1. God, the Lord of what'a oreated, in full in 
J. C, Jacobi's Din. Ilys. 1720. p. 35. In his 
2nd od. 1732, p. 169, altered to— " Gnd, the Lord 
of the Creation " ; and thence slightly altered 
as No. 478 ia part i. of the Moravian H. M., 
1754, with a dox, as in the Magdeburg G, Ii., 
1696. In 1789, No. 743, altered to— "God, 
omnipotent Creator"; with st. it., iv,, vii., 
omitted ; st. iii., viii. being also omitted iu tho 
1801 and later ed. Iu 1868, st. iii.-v. were in- 
cluded as No. 511 iii the Pennsylvania Luth. 
Ch. Bk., with st, ii. t vi., vii, from A. T. Russell. 

1. God, Thou Lord of Earth and Heaven, in full, 
byH. J. Buekoll in his H. from the German, 1842, 
p. 22. His trt. of st. iv,-vi, beginning — " Now the 
morn new light is pouring," were included as 
No. 3 in the Rugby School II. Bk., 1848 (ed. 
1878, No. 4), and of st. v., vi., altered to 
"Jesus! Lord! our steps be guiding," as No. 130 
in Dr. Pagensteeher's Coll., 1864. 

S, God, who heaven and earth, unholdeet. A 
good tr. omitting st. iv. and based on Jnoobi, bv 
A. T. Russell, as No. 64 in the Dalston Hospital 
Coll., 1848. In his own Pt. $ Hy$., 1851, No. 3, 
the trt, of st. vi., vii. were omitted, and this was 
repeated as No. 218, in the New Zealand Hymnal, 

1872. The Pennsylvania Luth. Ch. Bk, takes 
st. i. partly from Miss Wink worth. 

4. God who madest earth and heaven, Father, 
Bon, and Holy Ghost. A good and full tr. by Miss 
Winkworth in her Lyra Qer., 1st ser., 1855, 
p. 213 (later ed., p. 215, slightly altered). In 
full in R M. Ti» dor's Par, Ch, HymL, 1872, 
No. 27. A cento 'from st. i., 11. 1-4 ; v., II. 1-4; 
vi., 11. 1-4 ; with v., 11. 5, 6 ; and vii., 11, 5, 6, 
was included as No. 23 in the Irish Ch. Hyml. 

1873. In 1868, included in h. Kehfuess's C/atrvh 
at Sea, p. 79, altered to — "Creator of earth and 
heaven." In 1863 it was altered in metre and 
given as No. 160 in the C. B, far England. 
From this Porter's Church Hyml., 1876, No. 54, 
omits st. iii. Also in the Ohio Lutheran Hymnal, 
1880, No. 293. 

J. God who madest earth and heaven. A good 
tr. omitting st. vii., and with st. i., 11. 1-4, from 
Miss Winkworth, contributed by R. Mnssio, as 
Up. 501, to the 1857 ed. of Mercer's C. P. $ 
II. Bk. (fix. ed. 1864, No. 7, omitting st. v.). 

A. God of mercy and of might. A good tr. 
(omitting st. v., vi ,) by Dr. Kennedy, as No. 811, 
in his Hymrwt. Christ., 1863, repeated in Dr. 
Thomas's Aug. It. Bk. 1866, No. 510 ; and, omit- 
ting the tr. of st. vii., as No. 31, in Holy Song, 
1809. [J. M.] 

Albertini, Johann Baptist, e. of Jakob 
Ulrich v. Albertini, a native of tho Orisons, 
Switzerland, who hud joined the Moravians, 
and settled among them at Neuwied, near 
Ooblenz, b. at Neuwied Feb. 17, 1769. After 
passing through the Moravian school at Niesky, 
and their Theological Seminary at Barby, in 
both of -which he hod Friedrioh Sohlcier- 
macher ns a fellow- student, he was, ia 1788, 
appointed ono of the masters in the Moravian 
school at Niesky, and in 1789 at Barby. In 
1796, he was appointed tutor at tho Theologi- 
cal Seminary nt Nieaky, aud ordained as 



dtaconus of the Moravian Church. Up to this 
time he had devoted himself chiefly to the 
study of the Oriental languages, and of butany, 
hut now his studies of Holy Scripture for his 
theological lectures and for the pulpit, brought 
him to the feet of Christ, whose earnest und 
devoted disciple and witness he henceforth be- 
came. InlSOlherelinquishedhiatutorialwork 
to devote himself entirely to ministerial labour 
in Niesky, where he was, in 1810, ordained 
presbyter. In Feb. 1814 he went to Gnculen- 
berg, near Bunzlau, Silesia, as head of the 
Girls' School, and preacher; and while on a 
visit to Herrnhut, was, Aug. 24, 1814, consti- 
tuted a bishop of the Moravian Church. By 
the synod of 1818, he was appointed to Gnaden- 
i'rei, near Reiohenbach, Silesia, and after three 
years of faithful and successful labour, was 
chosen one of the heads of the Moravian 
Church (one of the Unttatt-Aeltesten-Con' 
fcreuz), his special department being the over- 
sight of their charitable and educational estab- 
lishments ; and in 1824 President of the Con- 
ference. In love and meekness he ruled and 
visited the churches till, in Nov. 1831, an 
illness seized him, which terminated fatally 
at Berth elsdwf, nenr Herrnhut, Dec. 6, 1831. 
{Koch, vii. 330-331; AUg. DeuUehe Biog.,i. 
216-217.) Distinguished as apreachcrbeyond 
the bounds of bis church, he was, in the 
estimation of Koch, apart from Noralie, the 
most important hymn-writer of his time — 
spiritual, simple, and childlike. Yet it must 
be said that his brother Moravian, C. B. Garve, 
and E. M. ArncU, are more fully represented 
in hymnals since 1820. Albertini's hymns 
appeared to the number of 400, (many, how- 
ever, being single verses.) in his GeMiohe 
Under /trr Mitglieder und Freunde dor Brtitler- 
rftmeim, Buuzlaa, 1621 (2nd ed. 1827). None 
of them have passed into English C. U., and 
the only three we have to note are : — 

i. Brenne hell, dm Lamp* miner Seels. [Se- 
cond Advent.] On the Lamp of the Wise Virgin. 
1st pub. 1821, as above, p. 130, in 3 St. of 8 1, 
The only b: is, "Lamp within me I brightly 
burn and glow," by Hiss Winhviorth, 1869, p. 311, 

II. Fnund, komm in d« TrShe, [JKbrn/n^.] 
1st pub. 1831, as above, p. 273, in 5 st. of 10 1. 
Tr. as, " Come nt the morning hour," by Miss 
Borthwick in H. L. L. 1802 (ed. 1832, p. 256; 
1884, p. ISO). 

ill. Langit subtest du, mala Gezst I oia ashes 
Winn. [Christmas,] 1st pub. 1821, as above, 
p. 9, In 5 st. of 6 1. Tr, as, " Long in the 
spirit world my soul had sought," by Jftss Wink- 
worth, 1855, p. 191 (later eds. p. 193), assigned 
to St. Thomas's Day. [J. M-] 

Alberus, Srasmus. [Alber.] 

Alblnufl, Jbhann Goorg, eldest e. of 
Zachnrias Albinus, pastor at Unter-Nessa, 
near Weissenfels, Saxony, 1621-1633, and at 
Stublburgwerben, 1633-1685, was b. at Unter- 
Nessa, March 6, 1624. After his father's 
death, in 1633, he was, in 1638, adopted 
by his cousin, Lucas Pollio, diaconus at St, 
Nicholas's Church in Leipzig, After bis cou- 
sin's death, in 1C43, the Court preacher, Sebas- 
tian Mitternacht, of Naumburg, took an inte- 
rest in him, and he remained at Naumburg 


till he entered the University of Leipzig, in 
1845. He studied for eight years at Leipzig, 
during which time he acted as house tutor to 
the Burgomaster, Dr. Friedrich Kiiblwoin, 
and was then, in 1653, appointed Rector of the 
Cathedral School at Naumburg, This post he 
resigned when, in 1657, be became pastor of 
St. Othmar's Church, in Naumburg. There be 
proved himself a Jealous pastor, seeking ever 
"the glory of God, the edification of the 
Church, and the everlasting salvation, well- 
being, and happiness of his bearers." During 
his ministry he suffered greatly, not only from 
bodily infirmities, but from ecclesiastical en- 
croachments and bickerings. The end came 
when, on Rogation Sunday, May 25, 1679, he 
quietly fell asleep in Jesus, at 2.30 P.M. On 
his tombstone his eldest sou placed the inscrip- 
tion, " Cam viveret, raoriebatur, et nunc- cum 
mortuus vivit, quia soiebat, quod vita via sit 
mortis et mors vitao introitus." Daring his 
student days he was known as a poet, became, 
in 1651, a member of the Fruitbeariug Society, 
and was also a member of Philipp v. Zesen's Pa- 
triotic Union. As a poet he was, says Koch, 
" distinguished by ease of style, force of ex- 
pression, and liveliness of fancy, and his 
manner of tliought was scrifjtnrat and per- 
vaded by a deep religious spirit" (Koch, iii, 
392-98 ; AUg. DmdscKe Biog. i. 222-228). Of 
the many hymns he composed, and pub. in his 
various poetical works, only threo bavo been 
tr. into English, viz. : — 

I. Alls sTensehsn mitten itwttn. [For tht 
Dying.'] This hymn, which Koch, iii. 397, calls 
"his best known hymn, and a pearl in the Evan- 
gelical Treasury of Song," was written for the 
funeral of Paul von Henssberg, a Leipzig mer- 
chant, and was thus sung, from broadsheets, 
June 1, 1652. It wns given in Xiedling's Whu- 
terqwlk, Altenburg, 1663, and gradually came 
into universal use, passing through Freyling- 
hausen's G. B., 1704-, into most subsequent col- 
lections, as in the Urn. L. 3., 1851, No, 804, in 
8 St. of 8 1, It was a great favourite of P. J. 
Spener, who sang it regularly on Snnday after- 
noons; of J. F. Hochstetter, Prelate ofMurr- 
hardt, and many others (A'ocA, viii. 628-631). 
In the Blatter /tr Sj/mnotogie, 1884, pp. «i-ea, tbs 
text is quoted In foil ft™ the original broadsheet 
[Ducal Library, GotbaJ, tbe title of which ends » Mlt 
seiner Foesie and Mustek erwelsen wollen Johannes 
RoeenmuUer." Bosenmllller is not. however, known as 
a bynm-writer, and this statement Is hardly enlBclent to 
overthrow the traditional ascription to Alblnua, 

The trt. in C, V. are :— 

1. Death o'er all his tway maiataineth. A good 
tr. of st. i., Hi.-v., by A. T. Kttssell, u No. 260 
in his Pi. $ Hyt., 1851. Included, considerably 
altered and beginning, " Death in all this world 
prevaileth," as No. 745 in Kennedy, 1863. 

>, Hark ! a Tales aaith, all ai* mortal. A good 
tr., omitting st. v., viii., asNo. 196"by Miss Wink- 
worth in her C. B. for England, 1863, and with 
a tr. of at. v. added as No. 429 in the Ohio Luth, 
ifynmo/, 1880. 

Othsr tra. trt • — 

(1) " All must die 1 there's no redemption," by Dr. 
IT. JfOlt, IB5S, p. 2M, 1st pub. (reading * no atatvm ") 
in the Seang. Xaiew, Gettysburg, Oct. 1861. <h) <• All 
that's haman still mast perish," by Dr. John Km, in the 
V, P. Jav. MUt. Mag. Jnly, ISM. (3) "'Tie God's 
decree that all shall die," by Dr. O. Wilier, l&W, p. 1W. 


U. Straf mioh nioht in dehum Zorn, [Ps. vi.] 
Of the origin of this hymn, J. C. Wetzel, i. 46, 
and ii. 404, relates what seems rather an apocry- 
phal story to this effect : — - 

Johann RosetunttUer, while music director at lelpilg, 
had been guilty of Improper practleei with some or bis 
scholars. He waa thrown into prison, but tuning made 
hla escape, went to Hamburg. Thence he aent ajwtition 
for restoration to the Elector Johann Qeore at Dresden, 
and to support hla petition enclosed this hymn, which 
Albums had written for him, along with the beautifbJ 
melody by himself (In the Irish Oi.Bymi.,\Vtt; called 
Nassau, In the Darmstadt G. B. 169s, p. W). 

This, if correct, would date it about 165S, and 
Koch, ill 398, says it was printed separately in 
that year. The earliest hymn-book in which it is 
found is Lnppius's Andtiehtig Singmder Christen 
Xund, Wesel., 1692, p. 20. It is a beautiful 
hymn of Penitence (by Kiss TRnAworfA assigned 
to Ash-WednesdayX Included as No. 273 in 
Freylinghansen's 0. B n 1704, and recently as 
No. 535 in the Berlin Q. L. 8., ed. 1863, in 7 at, 
of 8 I. The trs. in C. U. are :— 

1. do not afainat me, Lord. A good tr. of at. 
i., iii., vi., vii., by A. T, Knaaell, as No. 79 in 
hh Ft. # ffys., 1851. 

9. Hot in anger, mighty God. A good tr. 
omitting st. ii., iv,, as No. 41 in Miss Wink worth's 
C. B. for England, 1863, and thence as Ko. 205 
in the Temple H. Jik. 1867, as No. 323 in the 
Fi-ee Church II. Bh. 1882, and omitting the tr. of 
st. vi., aa No. 78 in the Upp. & Sherh. School H. 
Bh. 1874. In America aa No. 398 in the Evaag. 
Hymnal, New York, 1880, in full. 

S. Vet in anger, Lord, Thou wilt. A tr. of st. 
i., iii., vi., vii., signed " X. X." as No. 59 in Dr. 
Pagenstecher'e Coll. 1864, 

4. Oaat ms not in wrath away, A tr. of st. 
i.-iii., vii., by E. Cronenwett, as No. 235 in the 
Ohio Lutheran Hymnal, 1880. 

Other trs. are : — 

{1} " Lord! withdraw the dreadfal atorm," by J. C. 
JaeoU, 1120, p. 41; 17M,p.«3i in his second ed., 1131, 
p. SS, greatly altered, and beginning, " O my God, avert 
the storm." (a) " Kot In anger amite ua, Lord," by Xits 
WfnfcuwrtA, 1BSS, p. 6S. (3) » In Thine sager smite 
me not," by s. L. ProthingMn, lslo, p. 159. 

iii. Welt, Ado! ieh Inn debt mune, [For the 
Dying.] 1st printed on a broadsheet for the 
funeral of Johanna Magdalene, daughter of the 
Archidiacunua Abraham Teller, of St. Nicholas's 
Church, Leipzig, who died Feb. 27, 1649, and 
included in Albinns's Geistlicher gehamischter 
Sriegeshtld, Leipzig, 1675. Also given in the 
Bayreuth G. B. of 1660, p. 542, and recently aa 
No. 642 in the Um. L. S. 1851, in 9 st. of 8 1. 
The tr. in C. U. is :— 

World, farewell ! Of thae I'm tired. A full and 
good tr. in the 2nd Ser., 1858, of Miss Wink- 
worth's Lyra Qer., p. 207. In her C. B. for 
England, 1863, No. 198, at. iii., iv., vi. were 
omitted. Her trs. of II. 1-4, of st. viii., v., vi., 
iv., beginning, " Time, thou speedest on bnt 
slowly," were included as No. 1305 in Robinson'a 
Songs for the Sandy., 1865, as No. 1392, in the 
H. £ Songs of Praise, New YoTk, 1874, and Ch. 
Praise Bk., 1882, No. 652. Another tr. is: — 
"World, farewell, iny soul is weary," by ifiss 
Daan, 1857, p. 113. [J. M.] 



Albrecht, a, of Casfmir, Margrave of 
Brandenburg-Oulmbach in Lower Francotiia, 
b. at Ansbacb, Mar. 28, 1522. Alter his 
father's death he was well and piously edu- 
cated by his uncle and guardian, Georg of 
Brandenburg. Distinguished aa a boy for 
daring, on attaining hi* majority he adopted 
the profession of anna, gaining for himself the 
title of the " German Alcibiades." He ac- 
companied tbe Emperor Charles Y. to his 
French war in 1544, and again, against the 
Sohmalkald Evangelical Union, in 1546. But 
In 1552 he took his proper stand aa an Evan- 
gelical prince against the Emperor, and set 
earnestly to wort to break down the Im- 
perial power. While ravaging Lunebnrg he 
was met in battle, July 9, 1553, at Sievers- 
haueen, by his old friend Moritz, Elector of 
Saxony, and in the bloody conflict his forces 
were shattered, and Moritz mortally wounded. 
On Sept. 12 he was again defeated at Bruns- 
wick, and after being besieged at Schweiufurt, 
received his final overthrow at Eulenberg, 
June 13, 1554, escaping to France with only 
sixteen followers. In his troubles he acknow- 
ledged the hand of God on bim, and repented 
of tiis former errors. By the intercession of 
his uncles he waa permitted to appear nt 
Begensburg to plead for the restoration of his 
lands, On his return be was seized with ft 
fatal illness while visiting hiB brother-in-law, 
ttie Margrave Charles II. of Baden, at Pforz- 
heim, and died there, repentant and firm in 
the faith, Jan. 8, 1557 (Rock, i. 339-313: Attg. 
Deutsche Biog., i. 252-257, &c.). The only 
hymn ascribed to bim is — 

Waa mein Oett will, du g'eehah dllieit, [Trust 
in Oorf.] Waclternagct, iii. p. 1070-71, gives 
two forms of this hymn, the first from FUnff 
Schtine Geistliche Lieder, Dresden, 1556, the 
second from a broadsheet at Nurnberg, c. 1554. 
Both contain 4 at. of 10 I., but aa st. iv. in 
1556 is a doxology, the hymn may originally 
have had five st. or only three. Bode, pp. 
324-5, quotes a broadsheet, Nurnberg, N,»., 
probably earlier than the above, where it has 
only 3 st. In the Copenhagen 8. B., 1571, it 
is entitled, "Des alten Churfursten Markgraff 
Albrecht's Lied," which leads Wackernagel to re- 
mark, " Who wrote it for hiro, or who could 
have dedicated it to him, there is no proof." Ou 
the other hand, Koch, i. 341-343, Zanxmam iu 
Koch, viii. 361-364, and Fischer, ii. 335-336, 
are inclined to ascribe it to him as author. Who- 
ever was the author, the hymn is n very good 
one, and has always been a favourite hymn of 
consolation in sorrow, and at the hour of death, 
among the pious in Germany. The second form, 
which is that tr. into English, is incladed, as No. 
841, in the Vnv. L. S., 1851, 

The tea. are : — 

(1) * God la my comfort and my tow'r," a tr. of at ii. 
" Gott let mein Trust, mein Zuversicbt," as No. 320 in 
pt. 1. of the Moravian H. Bk. 1>54. (2) "The will 
of God la alwaya best," by B. Lstrobe, as Ho. 481 in 
tbe Moravian if. life, irso, and repeated in later eds. 
(3) "God works His wlil, and beet it is," by Dr. S. 
WaUta, 19W), p. «. (4> "Wbate'er God will, let that 
be done," by N. I.. f'Tothingham, IBto, p. 141, included 
In the SobaJi^Jilmsn Library qf Rtl. Poetry, ed. isea, 
p. B23. (SJ " Whit my God wills, be done alway," In 
the JJnmiiy Trtatury r 1SJT, p. Ill, without name of 
translator [J, M.] 



Alderson, Eliza Sibbald, nee Dykeu, 
granddaughter of the Rev. Thomas Dykes, of 
Hull, and aster of the Rev. Dr. Dykes, b. in 
1818, and married, in 1850, to the Bev. W. T. 
Aldereon, some time chaplain to the West 
Riding Ho. of Correction, Wakefield. Mrs, 
Alderson is the author of the following hymns, 
tho first of which is likely to attain a com- 
manding position : — 

1. And now, beloved Lard, Thy tool resigntnc. 
[Poaaioaticfe.] A hymn of more than usual me rit, 
in 6 st. of 4 1., written in 1868 nt tho request 
of Dr. Dykes. In 1875, St. )., ii., v. and vi. t 
were given in the revised ed. of H. A. fy$f., No. 
121, with a special tune Commendatio by Dr. 
Dykes. The full original test is restored in 
Thring's Coll., 1882, No. 170. 

S. Lord of gl«y, Who hast bought ui, [Alms- 
giving.'] Written in 1804, in 5 st. of 8 1., and 
pub. in the App. to //. A. 4 M., 1868, No. 372, 
and repeated in the revised ed. 1875, No. 367, 
Mrs. Alderson says, " It was the very strong 
feeling that a tithe of our income was a solemn 
debt to God and His poor, which inspired it." 
Dr. Dyke^s tune " Gkariias " was composed for 
this hymn. 

Aldridge, William, b. at Warminster, 
Wilts, 1737, for some years a minister in Lady 
Huntingdon's Connexion, and then of Jewry 
St. Chapel, London, cl. Fob. 28th, 1797. A. 
copy of his Hymns, 1776, is in the Cheshvint 
Coll. Library, and a BSeond in the Brit. Mas. 
These Hymns reached the 5th od. in 1789. 

Ales die! nuntiUB. A. C. Prudentiiis. 
[Tuesday Morning.'] This hymn is No. 1 in 
the Gaihemerinon of Prudentius, and is in 
25 st. of 4 1. The cento in use is composed of 
st. i., ii., xxi„ xxv. of the poem, and will be 
found in Daniel, i., No. 103 ; additional notes, 
ii. p. 382 ; iv. p. 33. In tlie Boawn lirev. it is 
tho hymn for Tuesday at Lauds. Also in 
the Hymn. Saritib., Lund. 1831, pp. 47, 18; 
which contains, besides the Sarum text, varia- 
tions from the York Use ; and among different 
readings from Monastic Uses, those of St. 
Alban\ Evesham, Worcester, St. Andrew de 
Bromhdm (Norfolk). It is also in the Aber- 
deen Breviary anil otliers. 

The text of this cento is also found in three 
hss. of the 11th cant, in the British Museum 
(Harl. 2901, f. 222 ; Vesp. D. xii. f. 15 b; 
Jul. A. vi. f. 25b); in tho Latin Hys. of the 
Anglo-Saxon. Church, 1851, p. 18, it is printed 
from a Durham Ms. of the 11th cent. \ in 
Matsgill'B Songs of the ClirisUaii Creed and 
Life, 1S76 and 1879; and others. For the full 
text see Prudentii Opera, Devcnter, c. 1490, 
London, 1824; Wachernagel, i., No. 27, and 
Macgill, as above, Nos. 84-86. [W. A. 8.] 

Translations in C. U. : — 

1. Hark J the bird at day sings clear. By W. J. 
Blew. 1st pub. on a broadsheet, with music, c. 
1850, and then in T/te Ch. Hy. $ Bk. 1852, 
in 4 st. of l It was repeated in Rice's Hymns, 
1870, No. 107, This tr. is from the Sarmn Brw,' 

ft. The winged herald of the day. By J. M. 
Neale, 1st pub. in the enlarged ed. (1st ed. 1852) 
of the Hymnal A'., 1854, No. 19, and continued 


in later editions. This tr. also from the Sarum 

3. Day's herald laid, with descant clear. By 
J. D. Chambers, in his Landa Syon, 1857, from 
the Sarum text, in 5 st. of 4 1. In 1867 it wa» 
rewritten as, "The herald bird of day pro. 
claims," in the Peace's H., No. 424. 

4. The bird, the haririnter of light. A cento in 
the Hymriary, 1872, No, 23. It is compiled from 
all the above, together with Bp. liant and Cas- 

Tnnilatloiu not in O. IT. i — 

1. The biid,thehBrblngerofllHbt. Hunt, ISM. 

2. Now, while the herald bled of day. CatnaU, 1B49, 

3. The cock's shrlLl born proclaims the morn. Cope- 
land, 18*8. 

*. The Mid that bails tho early room, JfaegOt, me. 

5. The bird that heralds In the light. XacgOt, 1816. 

The flrst of those by Dr. Macglll Is a fall tr. of Pro- 
dentlus's text, and the second of tbe Jfreu. arrangement. 
Those by Bp, Mant and Cisw&U are tr*. from the 
Roman Jfnv. The whole hymn is Also translated in 
JT. Banks's Jtugae, 1854, pp. 151-181, as " The herald bird, 
tbe bird of morn." 

8. The bird of day, messenger. In tbe 1G4G Primer, 
and, as a teptint, in E. Burton's Three frtmert «f 
Entry Till., 1834. [J, J.] 

Alexander, Cecil Frances, n£e Hum- 
phreys, second daughter of the late Major 
John Humphreys, Miltown House, co. Tyrone, 
Ireland, b. 1823, and m. in 1850 to the Rt, 
Bev. W. Alexander, d.d., Bishop of Deny 
and Raphoe. Mrs. Alexander's hymns and 
poems number nearly 400. They are mostly 
for children, and were publislied in her Fersei 
for Holy Seasons, with Preface by Dr. Hook, 
1846 ; Poems on Subjects in the Old Testament, 
pt i. 1854, pt. ii. 1857 ; Narrative Hymns for 
Village Schools, 1853; Hymns for Little OhO- 
rt«tt,1848; Hymns Descriptive and Devotional, 
1858; The Legend of the Golden Prayers. 
1859; Moral Songs,ls.T>. ; The Lord of the Forest 
and his Vassals, an Allegory, Ac. ; or contributed 
to the Lyra Anglican®, tho S.P.C.K. Pt. and 
Hymns, Hymns A. & AT., and other collections. 
Some of tho narrative hymns are rather heavy, 
and not a few of the descriptive are dull, but 
a large Dumber remain which have won their 
way to tho hearts of the young, and found a 
home there. Such hymns as " In Nazareth in 
olden time," "All things bright and beauti- 
ful," " Onco in Royal David's city," <* There is 
a green hilt far away," "Jesus calls us o'er tho 
tnmult," "The roseate hues of early dawn," 
and otliers that might be named, are deservedly 
populnr and are in most extensive use. Mrs. 
Alexander lias also written hymns of a moro 
elaborate character ; but it is as a writer for 
children that she tins excelled. [J. D.] 

Alexander, James Waddell, 3>.b., s. of 
Archibald Alexander, D.D., b. at Hopewell, 
Louisa, county of Virginin, 13 Mar., 1804, 
graduated nt Princeton, 1820, and was suc- 
cessively Professor of Rhetoric at Princeton, 
1833; Pastor of Duano Street Presbyterian 
Ohuroh, New York, 1844 ; Professor of Church 
History, Princeton, 1849 ; and Pastor of 5th 
Avenue Presbyterian Church, New York, 
1851 ; d. at SweetspringB, Virginia, July 31, 
1859. His works include Gift to the Afflicted, 
Thoughts on Family Worship, and othors. His 
Letters were published by the Rev. Dr. Halt, 
in 2 vols., some timo after his death, and his 


translations were collected and published at 
New York in 1861, under the tille, The Break- 
ing CVuciWe and other Translation). Of these 
translations the following ate in use , — " O 
Sawed Head, now wounded," a tr. of " Salve 
Caput," through the German ; *' Near the cross 
was Mary weeping," a tr. of "Stahat Mater"; 
and " Jesus, how sneet Thy memory is," a tr. 
of " Jean dulcis memoria." The annotations 
of these tr». are given under their respective 
Latin first lines. [F. M. B.] 

Alexander, Joseph Addison, s.n,, 
brother of Dr. J. W. Alexander, and a minister 
of the Presbyterian Church, b. in Philadelphia, 
April 24, 1809, graduated at Princeton, 1826, 
became Adjunct Professor of Latin, 1833, and 
Associate Professor of Biblical Literature, 
18S8, d, at Princeton, Jan. 28, 1860. Dr. 
Alexander was a great Hebraist, and pub- 
lished Commentaries on Isaiah, the Psalms, 
&c. His poem, Tito Doomed Man, was writ- 
ten for, and first published in, the Sunday 
School Journal, Phila., April 5, 18S7. It has 
striking merit, but mores in one of those doc- 
trinal circles whicli hymns generally avoid. 
Parts of it are found as hymns iu a few Cal- 
vinistio collections, as, "There is a time, we 
know not when," in the New York Clt. Praise 
hook, 1881, No. 288. This is sometimes given 
with tlio second stanza, " There is aline, by 
oa unseen," us in Noson's Coll.., and Robin- 
son's Songs for the Sanctuary, 1865. Unknown 
to English collections. [P, Jl. B,] 

Alexander, SirWiUlajn,!}. at Mcnstrie, 
the family estate, near Stirling, in 1580. In 
1611 he was knighted bj James I., and in 
1633, created Earl of Stirling by Charles I., d, 
in London, Feb. 12, 1GM, and was buried in 
the East Church, Stirling, April 12, 1610. He 
had the principal share in that version of the 
Psalms whicli, published as the work of King 
James, was sought to be forcod upon the 
Scottish Church, 163t-37 [SoetUth Hynuwdy, 
sect. ii. 3]. Bishop Williams, of Lincoln, in 
his funeral sermon for King James, says that 
James's " worke was staied in the one and 
thirty Psalme." A complete edition of Alex- 
ander's works, other tlian the Psalme, was 
published in 3 vols., 1870-72, as The Poetical 
Works of Sir William Alexander, Earl of 
Stirling (Glasgow, m, Ogle & Co.), 

Thin is the iibiuiI tuioount. Dr. Charles Kogers, how- 
ever, In Ills Memorials of the Earlt qf Stirling and the 
I&uteaf AUxandcr (JSdiii., W. rVtereou, » vols., luff), 
corvjectuially dates hU birth 1SGT, Siiya ho wan tlio only 
eonuf Alexander Alexander, describe* him as Knight 
tu 1GG9, and saya his licence was for 21 (not 3D years. 

[J. M.] 

Alexander, William, d.d., Bishop of 
Dorry, son of the Rev. Robert Alexander, 
Pi'eb. of Aghodowey, Ireland, b. in London- 
derry, April, 1824, and educated at Tunbridgo 
School, and Exeter and Braaenoso Culieges, 
Oxford, Entering holy orders, Bp. Alexander 
has hold successively the Rectory of Camus- 
juxta-Morne, co. Tyrone, anil the Deanery of 
Emly, 1864, and since 1867 has held the 
united Bishoprics of Derry and Raphoe. lip. 
Alexander's sacred poetry is found iu the 
Dublin JJuivertity Mag., The Spectator, (rood 
Words, Lyra Beit, and Lyra Anglicana, to- 



gother with his Oxford prize poems, The 
Death of Jacob, and The Water* of Babylon, 
and in his Specimen* Poetical and Critical, 
privately printed, 1867. Little use, however, 
can be made of these compositions for liymno- 
logieal purposes. 

Alexander, William Lindsay, d.d., 
LtD., of Pinkiehurn, Musselburgh, s, of Wil- 
liam Alexander, Esq.,Leith, b, in the vicinity 
of Leith, August 24, 1808. After studying 
at the Universities of Edinburgh anil St; An- 
drew's, he became, in 1828, Classical Tutor 
in what is now The Lancashire College. 
After studying for some time at Halle, he, in 
1835, became minister of North College St 
Congregational Church, Edinburgh, removing 
with his congregotion in 1861 to anew church 
in George IV. Bridge, called the Augustine 
Church, and retired from the pastoral charge 
of the same in 1877. He d. at Pinkiebum, 
Dec. 20, 1884. He was, from 1854 to 1881, 
Professor iu the Scottish Congregational Hall. 
In 1846 ho received the degree of d.d. from 
the University of St. Andrew's, and in- 1881 
that of LL.D., from Edinburgh. Me became a 
member of the O. T. Revision Company iu 

1870. He wrote and edited many valuable 
theological works. His Sel. of llys. known 
as the Augustine H. Bh.,iii which his original 
hjmns and translations appeared, was first 
pub. in 1849. [BoottUh Hymnoij, § vi.]] 

Alford, Henry, ».n., son of the Rev. 
Hemy Alford, Rector of Aston Sandford, b. 
at 25 Alfred Place, Bedford Row, London, 
Oct. 7, 1810, and educated at Trin. Coll., 
Cambridge, graduating in honours, in 1832. 
In 1838 ho wns ordiiincd to the Curacy of 
Ampton. Subsequently he held the Vicarage 
of Wymeswold, 1835-1833; the Incumbency 
of Quebec Chapel, London, 1853-1857; and 
the Deanery of Canterbury, 1857 to his d< atfi, 
which took.plaoo at Canterbury, Jan. 12, 

1871. In addition he held several important 
appointments, inoluditig that of a Fellow of 
Trinity, and the Hulsean Lectureship, 1841-2. 
His literary labours extended to every depart- 
ment of literature, but his noblest undertaking 
was his cd. of the Greek Testament, the result 
of 20 years' labour. His kymiiological and 
poetical works, given below, were numerous, 
ami included the compiling of collections, 
the composition of original hymns, anil trans- 
lations from other languages. As a hymn- 
writer he added little to his literary reputation. 
The rhythm of his hymns is musical, but the 
poetry is neither striking, nor the thought 
originnl. They are evangelical in their teach- 
ing, but somewhat cold and convent ionul. 
They vary greatly in merit, the most popular 
being " Come, ye thankful people, come," 
"In token that thou shalt not fear," and 
"Forward bo our watchword." His collections, 
the Psalme and Hymns of 1844, and the Year 
of Praise, 1867, have not achieved a marked 
success. His poetical and hjmnologioal 
works include — 

(l) Hymns in the CAWffl&m Obterwr and the Chrit* 
tutn (?<tardta». Its 30, W iVremt and l*ottical Frag- 
ment* (no name), Cambridge,' J. J. Heighten, issa, 




31 IV School if the Start, and other Poms, Cam- 
bridge, PiU Press, 183S. (4) £&H«t/«- (Jk Sunday! 
and fittivats throughout &te Year, fee, Load., Longman 
ft Co., 183*. (() Anlmi and Hymns, adapted for the 
Sunday* and inlidays throughout the year, ac, Load., 
Mviiigton, 184*. (fl) Peet&al Mo***, 3 yoIb,, Loud., 
Rivington, IMS, (t) Select Poetical World, Load., 
Rivlngton, 18SI. (it) An American ed. of his Poant, 
Boston, Tlcknor, Reed ft Field, 186S. (B) i"<i«in ff 
atoay, and lAfe's Answer, poems In Jfacmiflan's Jfagtxr 
tine, 186S, (10) tfWRtBp Kecasuter*. in ffwd H'ordf, 
1B44. (11) On Church ZfymnJftMto.lnthe Contemporary 
JSeriew, ISM. (II) 7<wr (jf JYaite, Lond., A. Strahon, 
I8«J. (13) Poetical Works, 186S. (14) Jft* Loiift 
Prober, 19S». (16) Pratt Bymnt, 184*. (16) .iWwt of 
tfuekelnaye, 1841, (IT) ^nAflt in British Maaatine, 
1632. (18) A (r. of Ctrafemtu iwii, q.v. [J, J},] 

Aliqua. The nam de plume of Mrs. Eliza 
O. Peirson, an American writer. 

Aliquia, A volume of Hys. for Villagers, 
was pub. in 1821, under this nam de plume. 

Alix. The nam de plains of J. H. Evans 
(q.v.) id the Family Visitor, 1827, &c. 

All around us, flair with flowers. 

[itVe's Hfa-lcl Given tie Anon, in Longfellow 
and Johnson^ Bk. of Hymns. 18*6, No. 306, 
and their .Hymns of the Sp irit, Bjstoo, U.S.A., 
1861, No. 576, in 5 st. of 4 1. 

AH creation groans and travails, 

J. M. Neale. [Cattle Plaque.] Written for 
the Fast Day for the Great Cattle Plague, 
1866, and first publislied in the Guardian, 
Shortly afterwards it was issued by Novello, 
with writable music. During the latter port 
of the same year it was included in Neale's 
original Sequence*, Hys., etc., pub. under the 
supervision of Dr. Littledule, Dr. Nenle having 
died a few months before. It is entitled "Cattle 
Plague Hymn," and consists of 10 at. of 4 1, 
In 1872 it was reprinted in the Hymnary. 

All from the suti'B uprise, G. Sandys, 
[Ps. c] This spirited and somewhat quamt 
rendtringofPs.e. appeared in his Paraphrase 
upon the Psalms of David, 1636, and 1640, 
pp. 120-21; and again, as a part of his P<tra- 
f&rase upon the Divine Poems, 1638 and 1640, 
in 3 St. of 8 1. It was also repeated in a 
beautiful edition of the Paraphrase of the 
Psalmet, 164S [Brit. Jtfra.l, and again in ail 
edition by the Rev. Richard Hooper, As 
given in Mnrtineau's earlier Hymns, &c, 1840, 
and in his later Hy», of Praise and Prayer, 
1873, it is unaltered. 

AH glorious God, what hymns of 
praise, P. Doddridge. [Praise.] In the 
"». mbs." this hymn is headed, "Of being 
prepared for the inheritance of the Saints in 
light A songof praise for Col. i. 12," and is 
dated "Dec. 13, 1736," No. xxix. The same 
text was given in J. Oi ton's ed. of Doddridge's 
(posthumous) Hymns, &c, 1755, No. 298, in 5 st. 
of 4 1., and, with slight changes, in J.D. Hum- 
phreys's ed. of the same, 1839, No. 324. Al- 
though e> hymn of praise of more than usual 
merit in many ways, it is rarely given in tho 
English collections, and found in but a few of 
the American hymnals- 
All glory and praise to Jesus our 
Lord. 0. Wetky. [Gift of the Holy Spirit.] 


Pub. from the Wesley mss. in the Library of 
the Theological Institution, Richmond, in the 
P. Works of J. A 0. Wesley, 1868-72, vol. xiii 
p. 218, in 4 st. of 4 1. It previously appeared 
in the Amer. Math, Episo. H. PA., 1849, No. 201. 
Beyond this it is but little known. 

All glory to Ood in the sky. C. Wes- 
ley. [Christmas.! This is No. iviii. of his 
Hymns for the Nativity of our Lord, 1744, in 
5 st of 8 1. In 1780 it was given in full in 
the Wee, H. Bk., No. 211, and has been repeated 
in all later editions. (P. Works, 1868-72, vol. 
iv. p. 125.) Its nse amongst the Methodist 
bodies in all English-speaking countries is 
considerable ; but outside of Methodism it is 
but little known. 

All glory to our gracious Lord. C. 
Wesley, [Ps. cxviii] This paraphrase of 
Ps. cxviii. m 22 st. of 6 1., although pah. in 
the Psahns and Hymns of J. & C. Wesley, 
1 743, did not appear, in any form, in. the Wes. 
H. Bk, until the revised ed, of 1875, when two 
centos were given as one hymn (No. 616), in 
two parts, the first bting st. 1, it, 10, 11, 12 
and 15 ; and the second, " JesuB is lifted up on 
high," st 17-22. Full original text in the 
P. Works, 1868-72, vol. viii. pp. 204-208. 

All hail, dear Conqueror, all hail. 

F. W. Faber, [Easter.'] Appeared in his 
Jems and Mary, or (k(th»lic Hymns, &c, 1849, 
No. xii. in 10 st. of 4 1, and entitled " Jesus 
Risen." It was repeated in later editions of 
the same work, and in his Hymns, 1862. It 
is usually given in modern collections in 
an abbreviated and sometimes altered form. 
Amongst the hymnals iu which it is thus found 
are the Appx. to Hymnal N., No. 155 ; Hy». 
and Carols (Ch. Sisters' Home), No. 40 ; and 
the Scottish Presb. Ibrwc Hyml., No. 3 ; whilst 
the Holy Family Hys. retain the full text. 

All hail, Incarnate Ood, Elizabeth 
Scott. [Glory of Christ* Kingdom.] Contri- 
buted, under the signature of "S", to Ash and 
Evans's Bapt. Coll. of Hys., 1700, No. 358, in 
4stof 6 l.,and headed "The increasing Glory 
and Perpetuity of the Messiah's Kingdom. 
In 1787, on its republication in Rippon'a Bapt. 
8el, No. 430, to the st. ii. which reads: — 

" To Thee the hoary head 

Its silver honors pays; 

To Thee the blooming youth 

Devotes his brightest days ', 
And every ago their tribute bring 
And bow to Thee, all-conquering King"— 

this note was added : — 

" Composed on seeing An Aged saint and a youth taken 
into church communion together." 

In modem collections it is almost entirely 
confined to those of the Baptists and Congre- 
gationalists. It was introduced into the Ame- 
rican hymnals through Staughton's cd. of 
Bippon, 1813. Orig. text in Bant. Ps. and 
Hys., 1858, No. 199. [W, T. 15.] 

All hail, mysterious King. P. Dod- 
dridge. [Chriit the King.] This hymn on 
Rev. xxii. 16 is not in the ■< d. mss." It was 
1st pub. (posthumously) in his Hymns, &c, 
1755 No. 359, iu i st of 4 I., and entitled 


» Christ the Root and Offspring of David, and 
the Morning Star." It is also repeated in 
later eds. of tlie same work, and in the oor- 
rected and enlarged ed. by J. D. .Humphreys, 
1839. Its use in Gnat Britain is limited, 
and confined almost exclusively to the older 
collections ; but in America it is given in 
several hymnals. 

All bail, Redeemer of mankind. C. 

WesUy. [Holy Co'nnmtuon.'i One of the 
most pronounced and definite of C. Wesley's 
Sacramental Hymns. It appeared in the 
Hymns on the LoroTt Supper by J. AG. Wesley, 
1745, No. oxxiv., in 4 st, of 6 1, and was re- 
published in the P. Worts of J. a> G. Wesley, 
1868-72, vol. Hi. pp. 308-9. Its use as a 
congregational hymn is of recent date. In 
Potfa Hyt. fitted to the Order of Com. Pr. 
18«l,and Thring's Coll., 1882, st ii. is omitted. 
This is also, done in the Hymnary, 1872 ; but 
in this last, verbal alterations are introduced 
into the text of the hymn, and an additional 
stanza, " Acceptance in His Holy Name," ha* 
been appended thereto. The most striking 
stanza, in the original hymn is the third, in 
which' the daily celebration of the Holy Com- 
munion is set forth : — 

** Yet may we celebrate below. 
And dally thus Thiiie offering enow 

Exposed before Thy Father's eyes; 
In this tremendous mystery 
Present Thee Weeding on a tree, 
Out everlasting Sacrifice/' 

As a congregational bymn it is unknown 
outside the collections of the Ch. of England. 

All hail the glorious morn. John 

Peacock. [Re*, and As.of Christ] 1st printed 
in his Song* of Praise composed from tie Holy 
Scriptures, in Two Parts, Lend, Pashara, 1776. 
It is in 6 st of 8 1., is No. 87, and is headed, 
"The Resurrection and Ascension of Christ" 
In 1806 it was included in Dobell's Coll. with 
slight alterations, and thence passed into a 
few American hymnals. [W. T. B.] 

All hall 1 the power of Jesus' Name. 

E. Petronet [On the Resurrection.') In the 
Nov. number of the Gospel Magazine, 1779, 
tlie tune by Shiubsolc, afterwards known as 
"Miles Lane," appeared with the following 
words : — 

"All bait! thepow'rof Jesu's Name; 
Let angele pruatrate fait ; 
Bring forth the Royal Diadem, 
To crown mm Lord of all." 

In the following April, 1780, the complete 
hymn, with the title, "On the Resurrection, 
the Lord is King," was given in the came 
magazine, the additional verses being : — 

" Let highborn seraphs tune the If re, 
And as they tuoe it, fall 
Before His face wbo tunes their choir, 
And crown Him Lord of all, 

Crown Him ye morning stars of light. 

Who fiVd tbla floating ball ; 
Now hail the strength of Israel's might, 

And crown Him Lord of all. 

Grown Him, ye martyrs of your U.kI, 

Who from Ills altar call ; 
Extol the stem of Jesse's rod, 

And crown HEm Lord of all. 


Te seed of Israel's chosen race, 

Ye ranmm'd of the fall. 
Hall Him Woo saves you by His grace. 

And crown Hun Lord of all. 

Hall Htm, ye betrs of David's line, 

Wbran Da-rid Lord did call; 
The God Incarnate, man Divine, 

And crown Him Lord of all. 

Sinners I whose love can ne'er forget 

The wormwood and die gall, 
do—spread your trophies at His feet, 

And crown Him Lord of all. 

Let every tribe and every tongue 

That bound creation's call, 
Now shout In universal song, 

The crowned Lord of all.* 1 

In 1785 it was included by the anthorin his 
Occasional Verses, Moral and Sacred, p. 22, 
and entitled, " On tlie Resurrection." 

One of the earliest compilers to adapt the 
hymn was G. Border, in the 2nd ed. of his 
CoK., 1784, No. 190. It is headed " The Coro- 
nation Hymn," and consists of 4 stanzas, being 
st L, vti., v., and viii. of the original, with tlie 
following alterations: — 

a. 1,1.4. "And crown." 

St. 111., 1. 1. " Ye soult redtem'do/Aikm's race, 
Ye ransom'd/rom." 


1 Ijet eeVy tribe, and eo'rw tongue, 
~~ rtfila" '" 

T^rotiffhoHt this earthly oatl. 
Unite in one harmonious tiona, 
And crow* him 1/trd af ail." 

It may bo worth notice that tins bymn is 

immediately followed by another written in 

1 imitation of it, and headed "The Prince of 

j Peace" (adapted to the same tune). The 1st 

stanza is : — 

" Let saints on earth tbetr anthems raise, 
Wbo taste the Saviour's grace ; 
Let salnta In beav'n proclaim his praise, 
And crown him "Prince of Peace." 

This hymn is in 4 stanzas, and is signed " E." 
(Le. Jonathan Evans). In the same year an- 
other and much altered form appeared in 
Dr. Rippon's Sel of Hys„ 1787, No. 177. As 
this adaptation is the received text in G. Brit, 
and America, we give it (with the alterations 
and additions made by Dr. Rippon, in italics), 
together with the curious titles which weie 
added to the stanzas: — 

The Spiritual Coronation, Cant iii. 11. 

1. "AKQEL9. 

All'baEl, the power of Jeans' name 1 

Let angela prostrate fall: 
Bring forth the royal dUulem, 

Ami crown Him Lord of all. 

a. Maetitks. 
[Crown Him, ye martyrs of our Cod, 

Who from His altar call { 
Kxtol the Stem of .Teste's rod. 

And crown Him Lord of alio 


[Ye chosen teed of ItratVs rate, 

A remnant veak and snail t 
Hail Him, who savi'S you by Ills grace, 

And crown Him Lord of all.] 

4. Believikq Gsntilks, 
ye GcntiU tinners, ne'er forget 

The wormwood and the gall ; 
Go— spread your trophies at His feet, 

And crown Him Lord or all. 

6. Stokers of evert Age. 
[Babct, men, and siret, teho fcflow Sit lone 

Who feet your tin and ihralt, 
Acrto joy with aU the hosts abuvc. 

And craitfi Htm tjsrd vf all.] 



G, SiNNtna or wntat NAtiott. 
Let every fctm(r*i, every tribe; 

On thw terrestrial ball. 
To Him all majetty atcrtfx. 

And crown HimLardot till, 
?, OcttfliirVfii. 
Ofc that, with wander sacred throng, 

we at His feet may fall; 
We'll join the everlastinff song, 

And crcrton Him Lord of aU" 

By comparing this text vritli that of modem 
hymnals, it will bo at ouco seen that this 
revised 11 nd rewritten form of the text is that 
upon which all modern forms of tlie hymn are 
bascdj and that the correct designation Li " E. 
Penvnet, 1779-80; J. Jft™n*1787," The firet 
lino has also been altered in some collections 
to (1) " All hail 1 the great ImmanweVt name " 
(sometimes " Emmanuel "). This was given in 
Wilke's edition of WhitoMd'a Coll., 1798, and 
has been continued to modern hymnals. We 
have also ; (2) ** All hail 1 the great Ite- 
deemert name,," in a very limited nnmber of 
liymn-books, [J.J,] 

A claim to tlie authorship of this hymn lias 
Loou made for tlie Eev* John Duncan, Liui)., 
who became in 1800 minister of the Scota 
church, Peter Street, Golden Square, London* 
The sole foundation, however, for this claim 
is tlie erroneous ascription of the hymn to 
Duncan in J, DobeH's Sel, 1806. As Doholl's 
error took the form in later yenrs of a per- 
sistent family tradition among Dr. Duncan's 
descendants* and as their claim on his behalf 
has received great attention, and is widely 
known, the following resume of the facts ia 
called for: — 

Edward Pcrroaet, itlcr the rupture with Lady Hun- 
tingdon, continued to preach to a small congrcgatum vt 
dissents at Canterbury, \rbcre ho <L in 11 9% He 
wrote many small poetical pieces of which a few were 
printed, but always anonymously. In 1T7U, Shmbeole, 
who hod been a. chorister in Qmterbuiy Otbedral, BJid 
wos then About 20 yearn uf age, wrote far Verronot h B 
hynm, then still In iis t , tbe tunc afterwards known 03 
"JUi.cs Lane*" This tunc, with the words of tlie first 
verse of the hymn annexed, was gent, doubtless by 
SUrubsole, to tbe Gofpel Mug., where it was published 
in 3^ovh 1779* Enquiry would then fee naturally made 
fiHTtlbfi remainder of the hymn, which accordingly was 
giv(?n complete In the magazine la April following* la 
I735j Occasional Verses appeared, being & collection of 
l'erronct'B miscellaneous pieces, edited by oae of bis 
friends* His name is* as usual, not given, but that the 
volume conrtist* of his workn Is unquestionable. One 
of the pieces is addressed to the memory of his father* 
the ltcv< Vincent Perronet, and uthero, apparently, to 
various members of his family who are indicated by 
their initials only. In the "Address to the lta&der" 
from "the Author/' Ferronet himself says— "The fol- 
lowing miscellaneous productions were not originally 
intended for public view* as they arc but the unpre- 
meditated efFuslons of mere private Amusement* and 
only oecasionally shown by way of pergonal respect to 
a handful of the friends of the Author; who having 
entrusted a copy of these, and many others to a par- 
ticular acquaintance, has been at length persuaded to 
admit of tltelr being made public." 

Not only is the hymn "AU hail the power" In Gem- 
stonat Yerte& t but it is immediately followed by another 
hymn, commencing "ifall, holy, holy, holy LordJ" 
written .in the same metre* in the same manner, and 
clearly by the same band. It may be added that the 
copy of Occasional Verses in the library of the Brit* Mas, 
lias two tracts bound up with it* One of these, Seiect 
Pauagcs of the Old <fc Aeic Ttntamcnt versified, 1756, 
ia known to he by Perrouet* and tbe Brit. Mas, copy 
contains bis name in autograph with many ws. correc- 
tions of the text* The other tract, entitled A small 
OfUectioti if Il^m»t 1 kc. t Canterbury, 1732, may also 
he ascribed to him with certainty* Ten years previously 
lie liad published another tract with a somewhat similar 
title:— A Small Collection in Yerse, Containing, &c, 


In n&T, Bippon publisued a recast of the hymn as 
above. In 18U1, wiUianu and Hodm reprinted Xip- 
nm*i text (amittLng oae stanza), and gave the names of 
Perronet, as author of tbe hymn, and of Shxubsole, as 
composer of the tune. 

Dr. Duncan settled in London about 1180, previous to 
which time be bad preacbed in Hamp&hltg and Dorvet- 
eliire, lastly In Wimborne, where he probably made the 
acquaintance of Dobeil, who livetl close by at Poole. 
When, many years afterwards, Dobell was compiling 
hid selection, Duncan appears to have been among those 
from vrbom he received advice or help, for Duncan's 
name Is appended to one of the four " Recommenda- 
tions " prefixed to tbe 1st ed. - It la more than probable 
therefore that it was from Duncan that Dobell obtained 
a copy of "All hall the power." Tbe form in which 
the hymn is given by Dobell Is neither FerTonet'a nor 
Elppon's, but » mixture of both, with two or three 
slight verbal alterations ; and If, as is highly probable, 
Dobell obtained the hymn from Duncan, and still more, 
If, as Is possible, tlie arrangement sent to Dobell was 
really made by Duncan for the use of hie own congrega- 
tion, tbe ascription of the hymn to the latter Is readily 
accounted for. The error is repeated in the 3rd cd. of 
Dobch's Set., London, x.n., showing either that Duncan 
omitted to notice it, or, as often happens, the correc- 
tion was not attended to. Dobclf also ascribes to 
Duncan another hymn, "Exalted high at God's right 
hand," which is first found in Rowland Hill's edit, of 
Ps. tfc Jfys., llsa, and is always ascribed to him. 
Doboll's error in both cases probably arose from the 
same cause. 

Thq mixed version uf the hymn as given by Dobell is 
In 9 stanaaa as follows: -Heading, animation. Caul. Hi, 
11. St. 1. as Ripixm !.; st. il. as rerrvnet 11.; Bt. lii. 
as I'errrmet Hi.; st. Iv. as Kijiixn it.; st. v. 1. 1, as 
liijijum, 1, 1 j 1. 2 as l^Griftttct, v. 1. 2, but changing of 
Into front; 11. 3, 4- as Ferrmiet; st. vi. as Perranet vl. j 
st. vii. as Perronel vll. ; st. viii. as Kipptm vl. ; st. la. 
as Rippan vii. 

In Isaac Nicholson's (.bit., I3of, the hymn is given 
with Rippon's text, omitting Rippon's st. v., but the 
editor, copying Doboll, has ascribed the authorship to 

In 1S08, when Thomas Young, Perronefs successor at 
Canterbury, compiled his Jleauties of Dr. Watts, fcc. t 
he used Dubell's 2kl., ami, not knowing tbs author, re- 
peated the ascription of "Exalted high" to Duncan, 
but correctly gives "All hall "to l'erronet, from whose 
tract of 1 753, and his Occasionai Verses, ho quotes somo 
otherpieces. In tbe 3rd cu. of the »s«uHi»o/f)r. Watt), 
St., ISIt, and In the 4th ed., 1836, Young, wlillo retain- 
ing tbePetrmict ascription to "All hnll,"&c, omitted 
thatofJJancan to "Bsalted high," &o., thereby implying 
that bo had discovered bis crtw witli regard to Duncan. 

Shrubaolc's tune appears to have become popular, 
especially among the dissenters, soon after its publica- 
tion, and the name " Miles Lane " was in all prolwb!- 
Hty given to it from its use by a congregation of Inde- 
pendents who met at a chapel in Miles Lane, London, 
till 1185, when they were succeeded by a body of Scotch 
Secedcrs, The name " Miles Lane " Is found in Isaac 
Smith's Collection vf I'soIm Tuner, 4th ed. 

[G. A. C] 

The use of this liym* in vaiioua forms mul 
many languogea is very extensive. In tho 
number of hynm-books in wliich it ia found in 
oiie form or another, it ranks with tho first ten 
in the English language A rendering in 
Littin, "Snlve, nomeu iroleetatiB," is given in 
Binghfttn's Hymnol Christ. Lnthi. 1S71, 

[J- J] 

All hail, Thou great Redeemer, hail. 
Joseph Jran». [.Perseverance of iha Seinte.~\ 
1st pnb. in his Zioris Srmf/s, &o., 3rd ed., 1825, 
No. 157, thence into Snepp'a S. of G. <£ (J,, 
1873, No. 412, unaltered. 

All hail, Thou Besurreetitm. W. IT. 

Havergal. [Easier.! "Written in 1867, and 
first pub. in Snepp*s S. of G. & a., 1872, No. 
233, in 3 at. of 8. 1. It wns also included in 
Life JEWioee, 188a (" hay. mss.") 

All hail, triumphant Lord. [Ascen- 

etoif-J Appeared in the Salisbury H. Bk,, 


1 857, No. 100, in 3 st of 6 I. ; tlie Nets Cong., 
1859, Barry's Ps. & Hys., 1868, the N. Zealand 
Hymnal-, 1872, and others; but always without 
signature. It is evidently baaed upon C. Wes- 
ley's hymn for the Ascension, " God is gone up 
on high " (qv.). Its authorship is unknown. 

Ail hail, victorious Lord. B. Woodd. 
[Pa. ex.] This version of Ps. ex. in 4 et. of 6 
1. appeared in the autlior's Psalms of David 
and other Port ions of (he Soared Serivtures, &c., 
undated, but pub. about 1810. This work 
was revised find republished as A New Metri- 
cal Version of the Psalms, &c., in 1821, This 
paraphrase, as found in the Islington Fs. & 
Eye., and the New Cong., 1859, is composed 
of st. i. and iii. of the original. The full text 
is not found in any modern collection, and for 
collation must be consulted us above. 

All hail, ye blessed band. [Holy 
Baptism,'} This cento appears in The Service 
of Sonq for Baptist ChurcJies, Boston, U.S.A., 
1871, No. 815. Its construction is peculiar, 
as the following directions for its use at the 
public administration of Holy Baptism to 
adults will indicate : — 

" Stanzas 3 to a Inclusive of this hymn arc designed 
to be sung during the intervals of a baptism ; one verae 
as each candidate goes down into tbe water, or comes 
forth from tt, according to choice. As it Is Generally 
found difficult for a congregation to sing unitedly and 
at the right time In the administration. It has been 
suggested that a choir sing these stanias, the congrega- 
tion uniting In the first two and the kit two, as Indi- 

To meet these requirements the cento has 
lx»n thus composed ; — 

Ht. J, ii., « All ban, ye blessed band," to be sung by 
the congregation, are from Mrs, Lydla Sigourncy s 
hymn,No.51S,SnWinchcU'aJiWiM»Ratflv»™p U.S.A., 
1M32; st. iii., iv,, "Saviour, Thy law we love," to be 
Bung by the choir, are also by Mm. Slgourncy, and from 
the same source as st, i.,fl, St. v., vL,*' Here wo behold 
the grave," to be sung by the choir, are by the Rtv. 
C. II. Bourgeon, from Our Own 11. Bk., 180S, No. 931. 
St. vii., "Oh, what if we are Christ'*," Is by Sir II. W. 
Baker, from Murray's Hymnal, 1S52, and, in common 
■with st viii.," Ashamed who trow can be" (jltian.) t has 
to besunghy the choir. The concluding stanzas, ix,, x-, 
"Gome, sinners, -wash away," are Anon. They are to 
be sung by tltc congregation. Taken together, it is the 
most dramatic hymn for Divine worship with which we 
are acquainted^ 

AH hearts to Thee are open here. 
J. Montgomery. [Divine Worship.'] Written 
for the special annual service of the Bed Hill 
Sunday School, Sheffield, held May 13, 1837, 
and printed on a fly-leaf for the occasion, 
[m. msb.1 It was incltided in Montgomery's 
Original Hymns, 1853, No. 11G, in st of i 1. 
In J. H. Thorn's Hymns, 1858, st. v. is omitted. 

All heaven was hush'd, Our risen 
Lord. G. RawBoa. [Ps. ex.] Contributed 
to ihe Leeds U. Bk. 1853, No. 149, in 8 st. of 
4 1, from thence it Jias passed into a few col- 
lections, hut its use is not extensive. In the 
author's .Hymns, Verses, & Cltants, 1876, pp. 
23-24, it is given with slight variations. This 
is the authorized text of file hymn. 

All is bright and gay around us. 

J. M. Neale. [SS. Philip & James.] This 
Saints' day hymn is in the 3rd series of the 
author's Hymns for Children, 1846, No. XTiii. 



in 4. st of 8 1. ; and agniu, without alteration, 
in later ede. of the same. In the S. P. C. K. 
Ch. Hys., 1871, and some other collections, it 
is given as — " AH is bright and dteerfttl round 
us"; but tho alterations are very slight. 

All is o'er; — the pain, the sorrow. 

J. Moultrie. [Easter Eve,] The original, en- 
titled »' Hymn for Easter Eve," is dated " April 
2nd, 1836." It is iu 20 st. of 6 ]., and was 
pub. in his work. My Brothei's Grave and 
other Poems, 1837 (3rd ed. 1852, p. 262). 
In the Ps. * Hys. adapted to Pub. Worship, 
Eugby, 1839, commonw known as Bueholl's 
CM., a cento, composed of st i., ii., iii. and 
xx., unaltered, was given as No. 2. This was 
repeated in later editions of the same work, 
and has passed from thence into many collec- 
tions, both in G. Btifc and in America. In tho 
American hymnals it is usually ultered, as in 
the Hymnal of the Prol. Episeop, Ch. 1872, No. 
02 ; Hys. <fc S. of Praise, 1874 ; Hys. of Oie 
Ch. 1869, and others. In the last-named 
collection it is attributed to "J. E. L. " (i.e. 
Jane E. Lecson) in error. The closing lints 
of st. i. rend in the original : — 

" Yet once more to seal His doom, 
Christ must sleep within the tomb." 

Those lines have been omitted from Tliring'u 
Coll. 1882, No. 18G, in favour of :— 

11 Yet awhile. His own to save 
Christ must linger in the gmvc"-~ 

by the Rev. J. Ellerton. 

All knowing God ! 'tis Thine to 
know. T. Scott. [Charitable Judgment.'] 
This hymn is No. 115 in Enfield's Warring- 
ton Sel, 1772, in 5 st. of 4 1., and is headed 
"Charitable Judgment." It is found in a 
few modern collections, principally amongst 
tho Unitarians, but usually as — " All seeing 
God, 'tis Thine to know," — and abbreviated, 
as in Martineau's Hys., 1840, No. 406, and 
Courtauld's Ps , Hys., and Aittla., 18G0, No. 
328. [W. T. B.] 

All mortal vanities be gone. I. Watts. 
I Vision of the Lamb.] This is No. 25 of Bk, i. 
in his Hymns and Spiritual Songs, 171)7, in 11 st. 
of 4 1., and based upon liov, v. d-i), " A vision 
of tho Lamb." It is in use iu G. Britain and 
America, although to a limited extent. 

All people that on earth do dwell. 

[Ps. e.] The memories which have gathered 
round this rendering of tho lOOtli I'snlin, 
together with the uncertainty of its authorship, 
require us to trace its history, to note its true 
text, and to determine, if possible, its author, 
I. History, — It appeared for the first tunc 
in the Psalter, pub. in London by John Dayc, 
in 1560-1, and iu the Anglo-Genevan Psalter, 
printed at Geneva, in 1561. In the full 
English Psalter of 1562 it is not found, but in 
an Appendix to the edition of 1564 (Brit, 
Mas.) it is given, and again in tlio body of 
the work in 1565 (Brit. Mas.). It was also 
included in the Scottish Psalter of 15G4. From 
15C4 it reappeared iu all editions of the 
English aud Scottish PsaUers, and ib also 
found iu most hyrun-bixiks published during 
the past 150 years. 



II. Tbst. — The original text from the only 
copy of Daye's Psalter, 1560-1, known, and in 
which it is printed in the old bkck-lettei text 
of the period, Is as follows : — 

"Psaijie C. 
Al people y* onesrth dodwel, 

ehig to y* lord, with eherefnl voice 
Dim aer^o w* fear, hit praise forth tei, 

come ye before him aiid reSoyce. 

The Lord ye know is God in dede, 
with out our aide, he did us make : 

We are bis &Lclt, he doth us fede, 
and for his Sbepe, he doth us take, 

Ob enter then bis gates with prayie 
approohe with ioye, hto courtee unto : 

Pridse, Unde, and bleat his ualua aiwayts, 
for It la semely so to doe. 

For why? the Lord our God is good, 

his mercy is for ener sure : 
Hie truetta at all tyroes flrmely stood 

pud shall from sgo to age Indure." 

[Or<g. ed. 1*90-1, London, J. Daye.\ 

In what form this text reaohed Geneva, 
whether in ms, or in & copy of Daye's edition, 
cannot bo determined. Within a Jew months, 
if not simultaneously, the game text, varying 
only in the spelling of Borne words (the /ofcft 
of Days' a ecL being spelt foUte, 4c), was given 
in the Anglo-Genevan od, of 15til, and again 
in many later editions of the English P tatter. 
In the subsequent history of the text the 
following variations have crept in :— 

Si. i., I. 3. " Him serve with fear," changed 
to "mirth." This is found m the Scottish 
Psalter of 1650, and is taken from the cm. 
version of Pa. o. given in the older English 

St. it., 1. 1, " The Lord ye know is," changed 
to " Know that the Lord &," &□., is also in the 
Scottish realtor of 1650, and is from the same 
cm, version as in st. i. 

St.ii.,1.3. "Folck" changed to "fioek." 
This was possibly a printer's error to bogin 
with, caused by transposing the o and I. It is 
found as early as the Psalter printed by " The 
Assigned of Richard Day, London, 1 585,** and 
has continued in the text from that date to 
Tbring's Coll., 1882. In that work Mr. 
Thiing has reprinted tile full text of 1560-1, 
and added thereto a doxology by Dr. Neale, 
based on Brady and Tate. This doxology is 
also found in if. A.& iff., and other collections. 

III. Authobsbip. — This is somewhat diffi- 
cult to determine. The evidence is this : — 

1. Daye's Psalter, 1SC0-1. No signature*. 
•2. Anglo-Genevan Psalter, 1561. "Tho. 

•3. Britwell Psalter, 1561. " W. Ke." 
*4. Scottish Psalter, 1564. " W. Ke." 

5. Daye's Appendix, 1564. No signature, 

6. Daye's Psalter, 1565. No signature. 

7. Daye's Psalter, 1566. No signature 

8. Cre&pin's Psalter (Geneva), 1561>. No 


9. Daye's Psalter, 1579. No signature. 
10. Daye's Psalter, 1587. ** I. H." 

These are all the Psalters known which 
have any value in determining the question. 
This evidence is certainly in favour of W. 
Kethe, and this is the more conclusive when 
we remember that the Brittodl Psalter, 
1561, and the Scottish Ptalter of 1564, are 
reprints of the Anglo- Genevan Psalter, with 


such corrections in spelling as an English 
work printed on the Continent would call for, 
and constitute together (*) a distinct family 
from the Daye Psalters. The metre is also in 
Kethe's favour, and decisive against both 
Btemhold and Hopkins, Its correct subscrip- 
tion is therefore " W. Kethe, 1560-1." 

The historical account of the Psalters here 
named is given in the English Psalters, the 
Scottish Hymnody, and the Old Version, iii., 
v., in this work. 

Although the history of tunes forms no 
part of our work, a few tacts concerning " The 
Old Hundredth may not be unacceptable. It 
first appeared in the enlarged edition of 
the French Genevan Psalter, published in 
1551, as the tune to Ps. oxxxiv. The first 
half of the tune is a musical phrase which in 
found in various combinations both before and 
after that time; but the latter part of the 
tune, and the form of the whole of it, is the 
work of Louis Bourgeois, who, and not 
Guillaume Franc, is now known to be the 
editor of this edition of the French Genevan 
Psalter. Kethe's version of Ps. a was doubt- 
less written for this tune. [J, J.] 

All powerful, self-existent God. [God 
unefcangeaofe.] Pub. anonymously in B. Wil- 
liams's Coll. of H. for Pvb, Worship on tfie 
Oenl. Principles of Natural and Revealed 
Religion, Solisb., 1778, No. 3, in 6 st. of 4 I, 
and headed " The Immortality of God." It 
ia based on Ps, cii. v. 37. In 1781 it was also 
included in his Bk. of Psalms, Salisb., p. 286, 
as version vL of Ps. cii. After passing 
through several Unitarian Collections, it 
appeared in Longfellow and Johnson's Amer. 
Hys. of the Spirit, 1864, No. 80, in 8 st, being 
st. i., iii., and vi. of the original in an altered 
form, Orig. text as above, [W. T. B.] 

All praise to Him who dwells In 
bliss. C. Wesley. [Evening.'] 1st pub. in 
J. Wesley's Coll. of Ps. & Hymns, 1741, as 
" An Evening Hymn," in 5 st of 4 1. In the 
Poetical Works of J. & C. Wesley, 1868-72, 
vol. ii. p. 27, it is repeated without alteration. 
Although in somewhat extensive use both in 
Great Britain and America, it has never found 
a place in the Wee. H. Bk. In the Hymnary, 
1872, No, 75, a doxology has been added. 
Usually it is given in its original form. 

All praise to our redeeming Lord 
C. Wesley. [Christian Fellowship.} No. xxxii. 
of his Hymns for those that seek and tlwse that 
have Redemption in the Blood of Jesus Christ, 
1747, in S st. of 8 1. and entitled, " At Meet- 
ing of Friends." It was not included in the 
Wes. H. Bh. until after the death of J. IVeBley, 
and was added in one of the editions of that 
collection during its partial revision in 1800-1. 
It has become a favourite hymn amongst the 
Methodist bodies in all English-speaking 
countries, but its use, otherwise than by the 
MethodiBts, is limited. Orig. text in P.WorJcs, 
1808-72, vol. iv. p. 252. 

All praise to the Lamb ! Accepted I 
am. C. Wesley. [Assurance.'] Appeared in 
his Hymns and Sacred Poems, 1759, vol. i,, 
No. 130, in IS st. of 3 1. It is not in C. U. as 


a whole ; but et 1., iii., v., and vi., slightly 
Altered, are sometimes found as in the Amer. 
fl". Bk. of the Evang. Association. Cleveland, 
Ohio, 1882, No. 326. Orig. text in P. Works, 
1868-72, vol. t. p. 23. The well-known pas- 

" Not a cloud doth wise 
To dirken the aUes, 
Op bide tor (uoomtnt my Lord from my oy«:" 

which reads in the original, " Not a doubt," Ac., 
U st. v. of this hymn. 

All praise to Thee, who didst com- 
mand, Bp. S. Mant. [Common of Apostles.] 
An originalliymn given in his Ancient Hymn*, 
4o., 1837, No. 67, in 6 st. of 4 1. and entitled, 
"Hymn of Thanksgiving for an Apostolic 
Ministry." In 1847 it was included in 
Fallow's SeL of Ey>. for Puh. and Prie. Use, 
No. 50; in 1353 in the Cooko & Denton 
Hymnal, No. 168, for " St Matthias* Day ; " 
and in later collections. Orig. text in Riving- 
ton's (d. of the Ancient Hymns, 1871. 

All-seeing Ood, Thy love sustains. 
IF. J. Irons. [Providence.'] A metrical 
form of the Collect for the 8th Sua. after 
Trinity, " God, whoso never failing mercy 
orderetli all things, both in heaven and earth, 
fte." given in his Pi. <t Hys. for the Church, 
1873, No. 167, in 4 si of 7 1. and headed 
"Perceiving God's Providence." In 1882, 
it was included in Turing's Coll., No. 246, 
with " beneath Thy sheltering Wings," for 
* beneath the cherab's wings," st. ii., I. 6, bat 
otherwise unaltered. 

All thanks be to Ood, C. Wesley. 
[Thanksgiving.'] One of the most celebrated 
open-air preaching places in Cornwall in the 
well-known Qwennap Pit, near Redruth. It 
is a circular hollow, covering an area of 
about 80 square yards, and sloping to a depth 
of some 50 feet. It has the appearance of 
a huge grass-covered funnel, with rings of 
seats formed out of the ground, and reaching 
from the bottom upwards. It seems to have 
had its origin in the running together of a 
mining shaft In tliis amphitheatre the 
Wesleys frequently preached during their 
tours in Cornwall. In his journal C. Wesley 
notes under the date of Sunday, Aug. 10, 
1746, that therein " for nearly two hours nine 
or ten thousand, by computation, listened with 
all eagerness " to him as he preached. The 
following day, being deeply impressed with 
the multitude, and toe soooess of his work, he 
wrote the hymn: "All thanks be to God," 
Ac. In the following year it was given as 
No. iii. of Hvmns for those that Seek and those 
that Eave Redemption, <fce., 1747, in 8 st of 
8 1., and entitled, " Thanksgiving for the Sue 
oess of the Gospel." When included by J, 
Wesley in the Was. H. Bk. in 1780, st iv. was 
emitted, and some alterations were also intro- 
duced into the text That arrangement has 
been retained in later editions, and is repeated 
in other collections. Its use is somewhat ex- 
tensive both in G. Brit, and America. Orig. 
text in P. Works, 1868-72, vol. iv. p. 210. 


All thanks to the Lamb, Who gives 
us to meet. C. Wesley. [Christian Fetiowshtp.] 



1st pub. in his Hymns and Sacred Poems, 1749, 
vol. ii.. No. 238, in 7 st. of 4 1. ; from thence it 
passed into the Wet. H. Bk. in 1780, in full; 
but in the revised ed., 1875, the last stanza is 
omitted. It is given inmost of the collections 
of the Methodist bodies, but is rarely found 
in other hymn-books. Orig. text in P. Works, 
1868-72, vol. v. p. 468. 

All that I was, my sin, my gtrilt 
E. Bonar. [Pardon through Grace.] 1st pub. 
in the Bible Hymn Book, of which Dr. Bonar 
was editor, 1845, No. 219, in 5 st of 4 1. and 
based upon 1 Cur. xt. 10, " By the grace of 
God I am what I am." It was repeated in 
subsequent editions of the Bible H. Bk., and 

r'tt in the author's Hymns of Faith and 
t e, 1st series, 1857, and later editions, with 
the* title "Mine and Thine." Its use, both in 
G. Brit, and America, is somewhat extensive, 
and usually tiie text is unaltered, as in Steven- 
son's Hys. for Church and H., 1873. The line, 
st 4, 1. 2, "Bade me in Christ bolievp," in 
Bapt. Pi. * Hys., 1858 and 1880, and the N. 
Cong., 1859, is from the former collection. The 
oqx.m in Kennedy, 1863, is not lathe original. 

ah that's good, and great, and true. 
Godfrey Thring. [Praise and Thanksgiving.} 
Written in 1863, nnd 1st pub. in his Hymns 
Congregational and Others, 1866, No. 34, in 
7 st. oF4 I. and entitled " Nature's Harmony." 
It was repeated in his Hymns and Lyrics', 
1874, pp. 108-9, and again in his Ch. of E. 
E. Bk., 1882> where it is given most appro- 
priately as a bymn for children. 

All the night and nothing taken. 
E. Aiford. [Missions— S. 8. Teachers.] Con- 
tributed to his Year of Praise, 1867, No. 167, 
in 3 st of 6 1., and appointed for the 5th Sun. 
after Trinity, being based on the Gospel of 
that day. It is repeated in Sncpp's 8. of G. 
4 ff, 1872, No. 771. 

All the night so dark and drear. J. 
E. Bode. rjfustoni.] From his Epmns from 
(he Gospel of the Day, 1860, into tho App. to 
the S. P. C. E. Pt. & But. 1869, No. 416. The 
special Gospel is that for the 5th SUn. after 
Trinity, St Luke v. 1. 

All the sacrifice is ended. 8. J. Stone. 
[Easter.] Written for his Lyra Fidelium (pa 
the article of the Creed, " He descended into 
Hell ; The third day He rose again from tho 
dead "\ and 1st pub. therein, 1866, No. v., in 
6st,or6 1. It was repeated in A Supplemental 
Hymnal, Lond., Macintosh, 1873; in the 
author's Ch. Service for Children, 1884; and in 
his Carmina Consecrata, 1884. 

All the world in sin 'was lying. S. 
Baring-Gould. [Redemption.] Printed in 
tho Church Times, July 30th, 1861, and thence 
into the People's E., 1867, No. 455, in 8 st. of 4 1. 

All things are possible to him. C. 

Wesley. [Concerning Holiness.] No. 10 of 
his " Hymns for those that wait for full Re- 
demption," which was given in the Eyvms A 
Sacred Poems, 1749, vol. ii., in 8 st. of 6 1. 
(P. Works, 1868-72, vol. v, p. 300.) In tho 


Wan, H. Bk. of 1780, and later editions, find 
it I so in other collections in which it id found, 
A. iii. and vi. arc omitted, the statement in 
tho former, 

" I without sin on earth shall tivr, 
Even I, tho chief of sinners!;" 

ami in tho latter, 

" Tho unchangeable decree la past, 
The sure predestinating word, 

That I, vho on the Lonl ant case, 
I shall be like ray sinless Lord ; 

'Twss flx'd from all eternity : 

All things are possible to me : " 

being evidently unacceptable both to J. Wes- 
ley, and those who have reprinted the hymn 
from his collection. Its use as a congrega- 
tional liymn outside the Methodist bodies is 
almost unknown. 

AH things are ready, Come. A. Mid- 
lane. [Invitation.] Written in July, 1860, 
and first pub. in The Ambassador's Hymn 
Book, 1801, No. 49, in 5 st. of 4 1. S.M., from 
wlience it has passed into numerous collec- 
tions both in G. Brit, and America. It ranks 
with the mast popular of the author's produc- 
tions. Oris, text, in Spurgeon's 0. 0. H. Bk. 
1866, No. 504. 

All things are ready! there's a place 
of rent. [Holy Communion.'] This Eucharistio 
hymn, which is suited more to private devotion 
than public worship, we have failed to trace 
to its original source. It is known to us in 
three forms : — 

1. All thins are rsody! Jesus waits to give. 
This is found in ft collection of Htjmtu, pub. at 
Chipping Norton, 1859, in 3 st. of 4 1. and said 
to be Anvn. showing that it had been copied from 
an earlier work. 

j. All things an ready ! there's a plaee of test. 
This text in 4 st. is the same as the first four st. 
in Thring's Coll., No. 526, which were token by 
Mr. Thring from a collection now to him un- 
known. It consists of the first form of the 
hymn as above, and another stanza which is 
given as the first. 

3. Tha easts in Thring. This is No. 2, with a 

fifth st. and a new line, st. ir., 1. 4, by Mr. 

All things bright and beautiful 
Cecil F. Alexander, nie Hwtnphreys. [God, 
our Maker.] A successful and popular nymn 
for children, on the article of the Creed, 
"Maker of Hi-aven and Earth," which ap- 
peared in her Hymns for Little Children, 1848, 
in 7 st. of 4 1. It is usually given in an 
unaltered form, as in Thring's Coll., 1882. 

All things praise Thee, Lord most 
high. G. W. Conder. [PraUe.} Pub. in. 1874, 
in his Appendix to the Leeds H. Bk. of 1853, 
No. 6, in 6 st of 6 L It is given in many 
collections, its popularity arising to some 
extent from its remarkable word-painting. 
This is a distinguishing feature of the author's 
compositions both in prose and verse. The 
hymn is sometimes abbreviated by the omis- 
sion of one or more stanzas. In Thring's Coll., 
1882, No. 249, st iii and iv. are thus omitted 
with advantage. 


All we like wandering sheep have 
strayed. [Passiontide.] This Atiou. hymn 
has not been traced boyond the Rev, T. M. 
Fallow's Set. of Hye. for Pwb. and Priv. Use, 
Lond., Masters, 1847, No. 38, in 4 st. of 4 1., 
where it is appointed for Good Friday. In 
1852 it was repeated in the English Hymnal, 
No. 103, with the addition of a nosology ; and 
in this form, with the change of tho line, " Yet 
still He uncomplaining stands," to " Yet un- 
complaining still He stands* in Kennedy. 
18C& No. 600. [W. T. B-] 

All 'wondering on the desert ground. 

J. E. Bode. [Feeding the Multitude.] One of 
the most popular and successful of his Hymns 
from the Gospel of the Day, I860, in 5 st. of 
4 1., the Gospel being Iho 25th Sun. after 
Trinity, St. John vL 3. It has passed into 
various collections at home and abroad, in- 
cluding AlfonTs Year of Praise, 1867, tho 
New Zealand Hymnal, 1872, and others. Orig. 
text in Lord Sclborne's Bk. of Praise, 1862. 

All ye Gentiles, praise the Lord. J. 

Montgomery. [Pe. exvii.] 1st pith, in his 
Songs of Mon, 1822, in 3 st. of 4 I., and again 
in his Original Hymns, 1853, p. 91, where it 
is entitled, "Exhortation to Universal Praise 
and Thanksgiving." It is sometimes given 
as: — "AH ye nation*, praise tho Lord,'' in 
both English and American hymnals. It was 
introduced into congregational' use at an 
early date, and lias attained to a fair position. 

AH ye that fear Him, praise the 
Lord [Pt. xxii.] This hymn, as given in 
Spurgeon's 0. O. H. Bk., IS66, No. 22, pt, iii., 
is a conto thus composed :— St. i. from the 
O. V., 1562, by T. Stemhold; st. ii., iii. from 
tho Jv. V., 1636, by Tate £ Brady ; st iv., by 
the editor, based on tho O. V. 

All ye that [who] love the Lord, re- 
joice. I. Watts. [Pe. exlisc.] 1st pub. in 
his Psalms of David, &e., 1719, in 8 st. of 4 1., 
and entitled, "Praise God, all His saints ; or, 
Tho Saints judging the World." To it he 
appended a note in explanation of his render- 
ing of verses 6-9, " Let the high praises of 
God bo in their month," So. 

" This Psalm seems tn be written to encourage the 
•reus in the ware wulnst the Beat km Frivca qf «<- 
naan t who were divinely sentenced to Destruction : Bat 
the four last Verses of It have been too much abused In 
later Ages to promote Sedition and Disturbance la the 
State ; so that 1 chose to refer this Amour, that Is beie 
given to oil tile Sdinti, to the day of Judgment, ■ccord- 
lng to those Expressions in the New Testament, Mat. 
xlx. 38, re «l(Sl <J< on tiMlm Taronet, jwIginQ ths 
Triba, be, ; L Oor. vl. a, Wt shall judge Angtlt ; Kev. 
ii, 21 and 111. 21, ImiH give him. I'ouertvtrtlujraUmt. 
Ac stall rule than with a Bod tf Iron," fee. 

Notwithstanding tills defence, the unsuic- 
ability of these stanzas for congregational use 
is emphasised by their omission in most collec- 
tions in G. Britain and America. 

AH ye that pass by. C. Wesley. [J»- 
vitation.] This " Invitation to Sinners " ap- 
peared in the 'Hymnt and Soared Poems, 1741), 
vol. I, No. slii,, in 7 st. of 6 1. In 1760 it was 
included, with the omission of st. iv,, in M. 
Mudan's Pt. A Hys., No. xii. ; again in (lin 
collections of Be Cowrcy, B. Conyers, and 


others in the Oh. of England; Wiiliamand 
Boden, and others amongst the Congrogation- 
alists ; and in the collections of various deno- 
minations: but not until the publication of 
the Supp. to the Wet. H. Bk. in 1330 was it 
added to that, work, and thereby officially 
recognised by the Wosloyan Conference. It is 
retained in the revised oa. of the Wee. H. Bk., 
1875, and U in extensive use in G, Brit, and 
America, Orig. text in P. Worte, 1868-72, 
vol. iv. p. 871. 

All ye who faithful servants are. 

Tate & Brady. [Holy Communion.'] This U 
Hymn ii. of the three hymns for Holy Com- 
munion which were given in the Supp. to 
the If. V., 1699. It is baaed on Iter, xix., 
and is in 4 st. of 4 1. It is found in n few 
modern hymnals only, including Kettnedy, 
1803, No. 010, and the Sarum, 18(58, No. 225, 
in both of which the changes in at. iv. of 1. 1, 
"bless'd" to "Mesf," andl. 4,"Iseaird"'to 
" I» made a welcome guest," are given. The 
k>xt is otherwise correct. 

All ya 'who seek a rest above. God- 
frey Thring. [Holy Communion.] Writton in 
1803, and 1st pub, in his Hymns Congrega- 
tional and Others, 1866, pp. 72-3, in 3 st. of 6 
1. In 1874 it was republished in his Hymnt 
and Ijyriet, pp. 141-2 ; and again in his Ceil., 
1st ed., 188(1, bnt not in the 2nd od„ 1882, 

All yesterday is gone. [Invitation.'] 
This hymn, in 3 si of 4 1., is found in a few 
English collections early in the present cen- 
tury, including Pratt's GolL, 1829, through 
which it probably passed into the American 
collections. Its use in G. Brit is very limited. 
In America it is found in several hymnals. 
It is an earnest and simple invitntion to accept 
of present offers of salvation. Its authorship 
is unknown. 

Alle Christen aingen genie. xviiLcont 

5 Lone io Chriil.] Included as No. 953 in 3. 
'. Gottschnldt's Uutverml G. £., Leipzig, 1737, 
in 11 st. of 12 1., and in the Vnv. L. S„ 1851, 
No. 294. Bepeated altered (reading hSreii) as 
No. 514 in the Berlin G. B., 1829, in 4 st. of 
8 1. The only tr. is, " All with Jesus are 
delighted," by Dr. H. Mills, 1845 (ed. 1856, 
p.lH). [J.M.] 

Alleluia = Hallelujah, Hymns begin- 
ning with this word aro arranged in this work 
according to the mode of spelling adopted by 
the authors and translators. 

Alleluia (Greek, 'AAAi»Aoiia; Hebrew, 

a^TpH). An ascription of praise derived 
from two Hebrew words meaning " Praise 
Jah," or "Praise the Lord." It occurs fre- 
quently in the Book of Psalms, from Ps. civ. 
onwards, both in the text and as a heading 
(Vulgate) ; once in the Book of Tobit (xiii. 18), 
and four times in the Revelation (six. 1, 3, 4, 6). 
It passed at an early date into frequent and 
general use among Christians, St. Jerome 
speaks of the Christian ploughman shouting 
it while at his work. \JSq, xniit. ad Marcel- 
Jam.] Sidonius Apollinans alludes to sailors 
using it as the " celeusma," or exclamation of 



encouragement wliilo plying tlic oar. [Lib. ii. 
Kp. 10.] Christian soldiers used it tisa battle- 
cry, as when the Britons under the guidance 
of St. Germ anus of Auxerra won the " Alle- 
luia victory " over tho Picts and Scots A.n. 429. 

Tradition says that when the early Chris- 
tiiins met on Easter morning, they saluted each 
other with tho exclamation, "Alleluia, the 
Lord is risen," 

Tho word passed early into liturgical use, 
and (untranslated, like other Hebrew words, 
"Amen," "Hosanna") assumed o fixed posi- 
tion in the services of the Church. Its uses 
are: — 

i. In the Eastern Church it is closely connected with 
the Gnat Entrance. It ocenra once at the close of tho 
Cherubic Hymn In the Orcclt Liturgies of St. James 
(HomiDond, C. E., Lit. Sasttrn and Western, p. 32), 
and of St. Mark (Ibid. p. ITS), and three tiroes In tho 
same position In tho Liturgy of Constantinople (I6&. 

p. 101). It occurs frequently in the Greek cgKcri for 
the Dead (Gear, Enduing, p. «8), and its use is not 
intermitted even In Lent (Ibid. p. OTfi). In the Greek 

Menaea it occurs thrice at the end of the HexepsalmiiB 
at the Drthron j thrice after the Gloria Patrt concluding 
the three opening Psalms of the first, the third, and the 
sixth Hours. 

11. Its liturgical use in the Western Church has heen 

1. In the Jfonarabie liturgy Its normal and Invariable 
positloD was after the Gospel, at the commencement and 
conclusion of the " Lands," lta use being continued 
even In Manses for the Dead, and even on such ferial 
occasions as tile first day of Lent. It also occurs nearly 
as Invariably in the "JSucrOiritim," or ".Offertoriwm}' 
According to original usage the "Alleluia " was retained 
in the Spanish Church aU the year round, but its omis- 
sion in Lent was ordered by Can. it. of the fourth 
Council of Toledo, and is witnessed to by Isidore of 
Seville (Be Jteriei. »#e. L 13}. Such omission only 
commences after the First Sunday in Lent, on which day 
additional " Alleluias " were inserted in tlie Introlt. 

2. GaUican usage Is unknown, but In this, as In other 
points, it was probably identical with the Spanish rtte. 

3. In the African Church the use of " Alleluia " was 
confined to Sundays and to Easter and Ascenslon-tlde 
(/Jitforw dt Ecda. Otte. i. is). 

4. In the Soman Lmtrffy it isusedsftortbetrj'adual, 
before the Gospel. Originally lta ueo was confined to 
Easter Day (Sosomen, Hilt. Abet. Til. 19), though suns 
persons have supposed Paxha tn this passage to mean 
Kaster-ttde. Afterwards ii was used throughout the 
year except from Septuagesim* Sunday to Holy Satur- 
day, and according to present rule it Is also omitted on 
ferial masses in Advent, on the Feast of Holy Innocents 
if it falls on a week-day, and on all Vigils except those 
of Easter and Pentecost, In Masses for the Dead, and on 
Ember Days. 

fi. In the Human Breviary "Alleluia" is said after 
the opening "Gloria Patri" at all the Hours except 
from Septuagcsirna Sunday to Maundy-Thursday, when 
"Laus tibi, Domine, Rex aeternae giorlse" la substi- 
tuted for it, and during Easter-tide ii la added to ail 
M ADttphoits," of which ai other seasons it would not 
form a part. It Is also added during Easter-tide to the 
verses following the AnUpbons to the Psilma, and tn 

the acsponsory after Lecttone before its following 
Terse ; and to the short Besponsory after the chapter at 
Perce, Sent, and Hone, being aiEd twice here, and twice 

after the first verse instead of part of tho Kesponeory, 
snd once after the second verse. 

iii. Beyond this enumeration we need not 
go, as the labour involved in tracing out the 
uso of " Alleluia " in the hundreds of local 
Breviaries which exist, would yield little re- 
turn in practical utility. Dr. Neale's note 
on the use of Alleluia inliis Mediaeval Hymm, 
1851 and 1867, under "Alleluia dulce carmen," 
is verybcautiful, but too long for quotation. 

iv. We will close with a short list of Hymns, 
Sequences and Proses commenced with the 
word " Alleluia," or with the first two syllables 
of that word. 



1. " Alle- cantablle sonet chorus cantorwu et sub- 
Junut dulclblle -loys." A Sequence far the teast of 
St. Bartholomew in the Troperyof Ethelrcd (S9*-1017, 
Bodleian MS. TM), printed in Sttrtees Society, vol. 90, 
u. 280. It consists of If lines, all but t of which end 
with the letter a. and In 3 out of the ? exceptions the 
last vowel 1* a. The linn chiefly constat of 15 By llables, 
but are occasionally longer, varying ftom 18 to 23. 

2. " Alle-eoelestenecnonetperenne -luya." A Prat 
attached to the Paschal Sequence entitled " Mater Se- 
qucntlarum " [= Psngamus Oreitarie, &&], In the Tro- 
pary of Ethetred {Dodl. MS. JIB, Surtees Soc vol. 60, 
p. 191], It ocean In the Sanaa, York, and BtrtfwA 
Minols as the Sequence for the Fesst of the Nativity of 
the B, V. H. on Sept. 8. It consists of &t short lines, 
all of which, with V exceptions, end with the letter a, 
and In 8 out of the B exceptional lines the last vowel to 
a. After the first line, containing 13 sylliMes, the 
remaining lines vary between 4 end 9 syllable*. 

3. Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluia, O nlli ct filiae, &c 
(q. v.). 

+, H Alleluia Chrlsto decontet omnia lingua." A 
Sequence for the festival of St. Erfcardus (Jan; a^ a 
Bavarian Bishop of the sth century, printed from an 
undated llatlsbon Miisal, by I>r. Neale (Sequoitiat, 
lsW, p, 91), tt consists of 19 rugged lines, in length 
varying from 13 to 22 syllables, closing with 3 short 
lines of 9 syllables each. 

B. " Alleluia, dulce carmen " (q. v.). 

«. " Alleluia nunc decaiitet universalis eeolcsia" fq.v.V 

7. « Alleluia plis edlte landlbus " (q. v.). 

Two instances of striking merit of modern 
imitations of these ancient " Alleluias " are 
found in 

B. "Alleluia, Alleluia, hearts to heaven and voices 
raise" {q, v.S. An Easter hymn hy J>r. Cbrtstopher 
Wordsworth, Bishop of Lincoln. 

9. "Alleluia, slngto Jesus" (q. v.). An Eiicharlstic 
Hymn, by W. Chatterton HI*. [p. E. W.j 

AUelui(y)aticae Antiphonae. A name 
fur the I£oster Antiphons with their added 
Alleluias. Sarum Breviary. Cambridge re- 
print. Fosc. ii. 1882. Col. deccoxovi. 

[F. E. W.] 

Alleluia, dulce carmen. [Weefc before 
Septuagesima.'] Tho earliest form in which 
this hymn is found is in three mss. of the 
11th cent in the British Museum (Hart. 2061, 
f. 235 j Vesp. D. xii. f. 4G b ; Jul. A. vi. f. 42 b> 
Prom a Durham us. of the 11th cent, it web 
pub. in the Latin Hy$. of the Anglo-Saxon Ch. 
(Surtees Society), 1851, p. 55. Tho text is in 
Daniel, i. No. 263, and with farther readings 
in iv. p. 152; and in the Hymn. Sarisb. 1851, 
p. 59. Id. tho latter readings arc added from 
tho Worcester Brev.,&e. Also in Biggs's Anno- 
tated H. A. * Jtf., p. 82. [W. a. S.] 

Translations in C. U. : — 

1. *n«iwf« J hast and sweetest. Of the hymns 
of praise above. By J. Chandler, 1st pub. in his 
Hys. of the iYunititw Church, 1837, No. 59, in 
4 st. of 6 1., as the first of two renderings of the 
hymn. This tr. is fonnd in a great number of 
collections with the first two lines complete, but 
usually with a few alterations in the rest of the 
hymn. In the S. P. O. ft. P*. $ Hys., No, 37, 
it reads "Alleluia! peace instilling," and in the 
Bapt. Ps. # Hys., 1858, No. 633, << Hallelujah 1 
high and glorious." 

S. Alleluia! sons; of sweetness, Trio* of ever- 
lasting (lee. By W. J. Blew, printed on a broad' 
sheet for use in his church, cir. 1850 [e. mss.], 
and then included in his Ch. H. & TuneBk., 1852, 
from whence it passed into Kice's Sel. irom that 
work, 1870, No. 23. 

3. Alleluia ! song of sweetness. Voice of joy, 
sterna! lay. By J. M. Neale, It appeared in the 


1st od. Med. Hys., 1851, p. 130, in i st. of 6 I., 
and was " corrected for the Hymnal N," {Med. 
Hys. 2nd ed, p. 184), where it was given in its 
new form, in 1852, No. 46, and again in the 2nd 
ed. of the Med, Hijs. 7 186a, This tr. equals in 
jwpularity that of Chandler, but it is more 
frequently and extensively altered. Without 
noticing minor instances, wc find the following: 
"Alleluia, song of sweetness, Voice of joy (Aatoan- 
not die" in If. A. $M., 1861 and 1875, and many 
others. " Hallelujah ! song of gladness, Voice 
of joy that cannot die," in Turing's Coll., 1882, 
&C. Of these altered forms of Scale's text, that 
of II. A. $ M. is most frequently adopted. 

t, Alleluia ! song of gladness, Utterance of 
perennial joy. By J. A. Johnston, given in his 
English Hymnal, 1852, No. 75, and in later 

5. Alleluia 1 aeaf of gladness, Voice of ever- 
lasting joy. This tr. appeared in Cooke and Den- 
ton's Hymnal, 1853, Ko. 44. It is based upon 
Chandler ; but it has so much in it that is new, 
that practically it is •: fresh tr. In 1857, it 
was included in the Winchester Ch. If. 3h., 
No. 247, and subsequently in Barry, Snepp's 
Songs of G.&G.; Hy. Cotnp. ; the Stoke H. Bk., 
and others. It is also given, bat somewhat 
altered, in the Parish H. Bk. ; the K. T. S.*a. Hys., 
No. 337 ; and the Sea Cong., No. 714. In some 
of these it is ascribed to Dr. Nealc in error, 

t. AUaluya! song ef sweetness. By J. D. 

Chambers, in his Lavda Syan, 1857, i. p. 120, end 
from thence, in an altered form, into the Wel- 
lington College H. Bk., I860, p. 65. 

7, AlMni., sweetest anthem, Vnise of joy that 
may net die. By J. Keblo. This tr. is based 
upon Dr. Neale's, and was contributed to the 
Salisbury H. Bk., 1857, No. 63, and repeated, 
with alterations, in the Sarum, 1868. It was 
also included in Keble's Misc. Poems, 1869, p. 149, 

I. Alleluia J song of sweetness, No. 61 in 
Pott's Hymns, Ac, 1861, is the //. A. $ M. text, 
slightly ultcrod; and No. 102, Ch. Hys., 1871, 
is st. i., ii. and iii., from Pott's Hys. and st. iv. 
from Neale direct. 

9. Alleluia, song ef swmtneea, Strain of over- 
living joy. By K, C. Singleton, made for, and 1st 
pub. in bis Anglican H. Bk. 1868. It was re- 
written for the 2nd ed., 1871. 

The close resemblance of these trs. to each 
other has made the annotations a task of some 
difficulty. By far the greater number of com- 
pilers have worked with second-hand materials, 
and these, when re-arranged, have produced com- 
plications iu the text of the most embarrassing 
nature. Ch.Hys. No. 102, is an example. There 
we have Neale altered by the compilers of H. 
A. $ M„ altered again by the Kev. P. Pott in 
his Coll. ; again this arrangement, shorn of st. 
iv., by the editors of Ch, Hys. and the omission 
made good by adopting Neale's original tr. of 
that stanza. The text of ITiring and others is 
equally complicated. 

t in 0. TJ. : — 

1. O, Glorious Is the song. J, CKaniler {2nd tr.\ 

a. Hallelujah ! note of gladness. W. L. Jlaauht, 

th Alleluia, sweetest lay. S. CampSeU, 1SS«. 


t. ^lUiluia.Mmgof ewtctncES. Bmar, 18GS, 

5. Alleluia, sweetest music, JUY». t*ar(«, iWfl. 

6. Alleluia, musks sweetest. JTjrnortm, 186a. 

[J. J.] 

Alleluia nunc decantet. [Common o/ 
,4pos(Jet.] According to .Mime, No, 667, this 
hymn is found in a Beichcnau mh. of tho 14th 
cent among tho Notkcrion sequencca, and 
marked us for SS. Philip & James. It is also 
in tho Sarum, York and Hereford Missals. Dr. 
Neale included it in his Seq. ex Mist., p. 214, 
as a " Seq. for the Com. of Apostles " ; Daniel, 
v. H35, repeats the text, readings, and refer' 
enees of Mone, whose title is "De Apostolis" 
(tropurinm). It is also in Kehreiii, Ho. 874. 
The sequenco is in 27 lines of varying length. 
Of these 26 lines end in tho letter "u." It 
will be noticed that in the hymn no reference 
is made to St. Paul ; possibly, as suggested 
by Hone, because he was not an eye-witness 
of the life and sufferings of our Lord. The 
tr, in C. U. is : — 

let the Chun* tinf Auelnia, By R, F. Little- 
disk. Made for nml first pub. in the People's H^ 
1667, No. 198, and signed «D. L." 

Alleluia piis edite laudibus. This 
anonymous hymn, Mone, 1853, i. p. 87, assigns 
to the 5th cent, on the ground that it was In- 
cluded in the Moxarabic Brev., in which no 
hymns were admitted which are of later date 
than ^ho Sth cent., andthat the shortened strophe 
indicated that date. He gives the text from 
a Munich us. of the 10th cent., and adds 
numerous readings and a few notes. Daniel, 
1SG5, vol. iv. pp. 63-63, repeats this text, with 
slight changes, together with JtToWt various 
readings with additions. 

It is the Hymn at Tespcrs in. the Moxarahie 
Brev. (Toledo, 1502, f. 80) for the first Sun- 
day in Lent, and the Saturday preceding. 
See Migno's Patrol^ torn. 86, col. 259, also 
col. 89C ; where it is described as the Hymn 
ft» the occasion of leaving o£ fiesh-mtat, 
**■ Ymnw in Curnes tolltndas. The Hymn on 
Ash-Wednesday itself, however (Feria quarts 
in Captte Jejunii : the head or beginning of 
the fast), is Benignitatit font Deut, the same 
as at Lauds and Vespers on the three days' 
fast which precedes the Feast of the Epiphany 
in that rite (excepting the Vespers of the 
third day, or Eve of the Epiphany), Patrol., 
coL 149. 

The text is also in the Hymn. Sarisb., Lon., 
1851, pp. 60, 61, where it is given as the hymn 
at Matins on Septuagesima Sunday and 
through the week, and as from a us. (date 
1064}, formerly belonging to Worcester Cathe- 
dral; which its. professes to contain Ambro* 
sian Hymns for the different Hours, according 
to the Conttitutiom of our Father Benedict, 
and to have St Oswuld as its compiler. 

In the Hymn. Sarisb. various readings are 
also given from throe old uss. of the 10th or 
11th centuries, which havo interlinear Anglo- 
Saxon versions. The refrain of this hymn — 
" Alleluia perenno " — i* an allnsion to the 
fact that the Alleluias of heaven are con- 
tinuous, whilst those of earth ore broken. 

In addition to the works noted above, the text is in 
Seale's JNmni jEcdaiae, ISM, p. 10!t; and the Ijitin 
Hymn* of tKt Anglo-Swam Vhurch (8urtoes Society^ 
l$E>i, p. ST, from an 11th cent. Ms. at Durham, In the 



Britith Xuttunt it ta found in three was. of tho nth 
cent. (Hul. 2B01, f. 135 b ; Veep. D. ill. f. 47 ; Jul. A. <ri. 
f. 43.) Far the Cm of this and similar hymns, aee 
AUeltda. [W. A. S.J 

Translations in C. U. ; — 

1. AH*lutM sonsd jo, In attaint of holy land. 
By J, 1). Chambers, 1st pub. in his Laudu Syon, 
1857, in 9 st. of 6 1., including the refrain. In 
1668, st. i., ii. t iv., v., and viii. were included, 
with alight alterations, in Sarum, as No. 185. 

t, Alleluia ! now be nutf. By J. Skinner, made 
for and 1st pubi in his Daily Service Hymnal, 
1864, No, 75, in two ports, part ii. being: "Bright 
and lovely morning star," This tr., although 
somewhat elaborated, is suited to congregational 
use, and is worthy of being better known. 

t, BJif AUeltda forth in duteous pralat. By J. 
EUerton. 1st pub., with an explanatory and 
historical note, in The Churchman's Family Maga- 
zine, 1665. In 1868 it was embodied in the 
Itev. R, Brown-Bortlt wick's SuppL Hymn and 
Tune Bk., and again, after revision by die trans* 
lator, in the App. to H. A. $ M. the same year. 
It was revised a second time for Ch. Hys., 1871, 
and has also been printed elsewhere with the 
alteration of a word or two, hut usually with 
the translator's consent. Orig. tr, as above ; 
authorised tr. in Ch. Hys. Since its publication 
in H. A. $ M., 1868, it has bscn included in 
almost every hymnal of note in G. Britain, and 
most English-speaking countries. It is the most 
rigorous, musical, and popular rendering of the 
"Alleluia piis edite" which we possess. 

IrudttioB net in C. V. : — 
Alleluia E let the holy sounds of cheerful praises 
ring. Cripftn't Ane. Jlyi., lB68,p. 26. fj, J,] 

Alleluia, sing to Jeans. W. C, Dix. 
[Holy Communion.'] Written about the year 
1866; the author's design being to assist in 
supplying a then acknowledged lack of Eu- 
chari3tic hymns in Church of England 
hymnals. It was 1st pub. in his Altar Songs, 
1667, No. vii, in 5 st. of 8 1., and appointed 
especially for Ascension-tide, with the title 
" Redemption by the Precious Blood." From 
Altar Songs it passed, unaltered, into the 
App. to JET. A, AM., 1868, No. 350, and sub- 
sequently into numerous collections both in 
Q. Brit, and America, sometimes in a slightly 
altered and abbreviated form. 

Alleluia! With a diadem of beauty. 

W. T. Brooke, [Saints' Dam.'] This versifi- 
cation of Rev. J. H. Rod-well's prose transla- 
tion of the Song of the Saints from the Abys- 
sinian hymnal of Jared was 1st pub. in the 
Monthly Packet, Nov. 1871, in a aeries of 
articles on the " Songs of Other Churches," 
by the Rev. L. C. Biggs. In 1882 it was 
included in Mr. Brooke's Churchman's Manual 
of Private and Family Devotion, and is in 8 
st. of 7 1. [W. T. B.] 

Allen, Elisabeth-Lee. [Smith, 2. I.] 

Allen, Henry. [AUias, H.] 

Allen, James, b. at Gayle, Wensley- 
dale, Yorkshire, June 24, 1734, and educated 
with a view to taking Holy Orders, first with 



two clergyman at different times, and then fur 
ono year at St. John's Coll., Cambridge. 
Leaving the University in 1752 ho became a 
follower of Benjamin Ingham, the founder of 
the sect of the Inghamites, but subsequently 
joined himself to the Sandemaniana [see 
Scottish Hymnody] ; and finally bnilt a chapel 
on bis estate at Gayle, and ministered therein 
to the time of Mb death ; d. 31st Oct., 1804. 
Ho pub. a small volume, Christian Song* 
containing 17 hymns, and was the editor and 
a principal contributor to the Kendal Jlymn 
Book, 1757, and Appendix to the 2nd ed., 17G1. 

Allen, Jonathan. Concerning this hymn- 
writer, to wliom is credited the hymn, " Sin- 
ners, will you scorn t)ie message?" wo can 
only say that this hymn appeared in Hys. 
adapted to i'ub. If ortkip, collated from variom 
Author*, Exctor, S. Woolmer, 1801, edited 
by Biohard Pearsoll Allen, Minister of Costlo 
Street Meeting, Exotor; and that in D. 
Sedgwick's marked copy of John Dobell's 
New Selection, tie., 180b, it is attributed to 
Jonathan Allen, What authority Sedgwick 
had for this ascription wo cannot determine. 
It is through him that it has gained currency. 
Allen'a hymn, " Sinners, will you acorn, &c," 
is sometimes given with at. i. and ii. transposed, 
as "Hear the heralds of the Gospel," asm the 
Amor. Bap. Praiis Bk., N. Y, 1871. 

[W. T. B.] 

Allen, Oswald, s. of John Allen, banker, 
of Kirkby Lonadato, Westmoreland, audgreat- 
nephew of James Allen (q.v.) ; b. at Kirkby 
Lonsdale, 1816, and educated in that town. 
After residing for a time in Glasgow, ho re- 
turned to Kirkby Lonsdale, and joined the 
staff of the local bank ; d. October 2, 1878. 
Iu 1861 (Preface, Oct, 1861), ho pub. Hymn* 
of the Chriitian Life, Lond., Nisbet. It con- 
tains 148 hymns, a few of which are in C. U. 

Allen, William, d.d., b. at Kttefleld, 
Mass., 1784, graduated at Harvard, 1802. He 
became Pastor of Pittsfield, 1810 ; President of 
Dartmouth University, 1817, and of Bowdoin 
College, 1820-1839. He d. at Northampton, 
1868. He published the American Biographical 
and Historical Dictionary, 1809 ; Psalm* and 
Hymns, 1835. The latter containa Ver- 
dana of all the Psalms, and 200 original 
hymns. Some of the hymns, especially those 
about slavery, are curious. Five are found m. 
CampbeH'a Comprehensive H. Bk., Lond, 1837 
Hia eompositiona have almost entirely passed 
out of use. [F. M. B.j 

Allendorf; Johann Ludwig Conrad, 
b. Feb. 9, 1693, at Josbach, near Marburg, 
Hesse, where hia father was pastor. He 
entered the University of Giesson in 171 1, but 
in 1713 passed on to Hallo to study under 
Franeke, and then, in 1717, became tutor in 
the family of Count Honkel of Odersberg. 
In 1723 he became tutor to the family of 
Count Erdmann v. Promnitz at Sorau, and in 
1721 was appointed Lutheran Court preacher 
at Cotlien, when oneof the Count's daughters 
was married to the Prince of Auhalt-Ccithon. 
After the deatli of his first wife the Prince 
married her younger sister, but the latter 


dying iu 1750, the need for a Lutheran Court 
preacher ceased, he being of the Reformed 
Confession. Allendorf was then summonod 
by Count Christian Ernst v. Stolberg to Wer- 
nigorode, where a sister of his former patron- 
esses was the wife of the Count's eldest son. 
There he was assistant in two -churches till 
1755, when he wob appointed pastor of the 
Liebfran Church, and a member of the Con- 
sistory. In 1760 he became pastorof St. Ulrich's 
Church in Halle, and successfully laboured 
there till, on June 3, 1773, " As a Simeon of 
eighty years ho received his peaceful summons 
home to rest in the arms of Jesus" (JCoeft, iv. 
441-146; Allg. Deutsche Biog., i. 349, &e.). 
His hymns, which are "hymns of love to 
Christ, the Lamb of God, and the Bridegroom 
of the believing soul," appeared principally in 
the Einige gantt new avserleeene Lieder, Halle, 
H. D. (c. 1733), and theEinige gantz neve Lieder 
turn Lobe dee Dreyeinigen Qottes and zar ge- 
wunschtett reichen Erhawtng vieler Xenschen. 
The latter, known as the CbVmitehe Lieder, 
contains hymns of the Pietislaof the younger 
Halle School, such as Lchr, Allendorf, Wol- 
tersdorf, Kunth, 4c. ; and to its first ed., 1736, 
Allendorf contributed 45 hymns, whiio the 
4th ed., 1744, contains in its second pt. 46, and 
tho 5th ed., 1768, in its third pt. 41 additional 
hymns by him — in all 132, 
Four of his hymns have been tr., viss. : — 

1, Bis Brunnliui quillt, da* Jjesenswasser 
timet £/£ Communion.'} Founded on Ps. Ixr, 
1st pub. in 1733, p. 14* and included, in 1736, 
as above, in st. of 8 1., as a " Brunnenlied." 
Repeated as No. 1570 in the Berlin G. L. S. 
ed. 1863. The only tr. in C. U. is :— 

Hie Fountain flows I — its waters — mil are needing, 

omitting St. iv., vi., ii., by H. Mills ia his florae 
GemtanKat, 1845 (ed. 1856, p. 43). The tr. of 
st. ].— iti., villi, altered to " The Fountain flows f 
waters of life bestowing," were included, us 
Ho. 819, in the Luth. General Synod's Colt. 

8, Die Beele rnht in Teen Armen. [Etcnlil 
Life.} Founded on an anonymous hymn in 5 St. 
beginning, " Ich ruhe nun in Gottes Annen," 
included as No. 655, in pt. ii., 1714, of Frey- 
linghausen's G. B. ; but not in the Einhundert 
, . . Lieder, Dresden, 1G94 [Leipzig Town Li- 
brary]. According to Laitxnuuin in Koch, liii. 
689, Allendorfs hymn was first printed sepa- 
rately. In pt. ii. of the 4th ed., 1744, of the COth- 
niacin: Lieder, as above, p. 264, in 13 St. of 10 1. 
entitled, " Of a soul blessed there with the bea- 
tific vision," Rev. xxii. 4. Written in the spirit 
of Canticles, it is included iu full in the A'eno 
Sammlnng, Wernigerode, 1752, No. 9S, but is 
generally abridged, Knapp, in his Er>. L. 8., 1850, 
No. 3059 .(ed. 1865, No. 3123) altering it and 
omitting st. vi., ix., x. Lauxmanu relates that 
Diaconns Sehlipalius, of the Holy Cross Church 
in Dresden, told hie wife on Jan. 1, 1764, while ho 
was yst in perfect health, that he wonld die during 
the year. He comforted her apprehensions with 
st* vi.— xi. of this hymn, which consoled himself 
shortly before his death on April 6 of that year. 
The only tr. in G. U. is :— 

Now rests her *oul in Jeans' aims, A good tr, 
of st. i., ii., riii., iii., liii., in the 1st Ser., 183S, 


of Miss Winkworth's Lyra Get:, p. 250 (later 
ede. p. 252), Thence, omitting at. iii., as No. 362 
in E. H. BicfcerBteth'e P». $Hy»., 1858. Another 
to 1 , is, " In Jems' arms her ioul doth rest," by 
Mrs. Bevan, 1858, p. 42. 

S. Jim lit komown, Grand ewiger Trend*. 
[Advent] First pub. in 1736 as above (ed. 1738, 
p. 103), in 23 st. of 6 ]., as a hymn of triumph 
on the Coming of the Saviour to our world, 
St. John iii. 31. In the Speiei G. B„ 1859, 
11 st. are selected, and in the WBrttemberg 
0. B., 1842, 6 st. are given as So. 84. The 
only tr. is, "Jcsub is come, joy heaven- 
lighted," by Miss Warner, in her B. of tht 
Church Militant, 1853 (ed. 1861, p. 433). 

4. TJntar lilkn jener Frwuton. [Longing for 
Heaven.'] A beautiful hymn on the Joys of 
Heaven, more suited for private than for Church 
use. It appeared as, " In den Anen jener Freu- 
den," in the Sammlunj Geist- wwf licUicher 
Licder, Hermhut, 1731, No. 1004, in 8 at, 
of 6 1. When repeated in 1733, p. 67, and 
in 1736, in the CStfmittfu) Littler, as above, 
l*s. lxrxiv. S, was given as a motto, and the first 
line as Untcr Litien. Included in this form as 
No. 721 in the Berlin G. L. & ed. 1863. Lnui- 
mnnn, in Koch, riii. 687-689, relates that it was 
repeated on bar death-bed by the first wife of 
Jung-Stilling, and that it was a favourite hymn 
of Wilhelm Hofaoker, a well-known Wiirtteni- 
berg clergyman. The only tr, is, "Glorious 
are the fields of heaven," by Mrs. Bevan, 1859, 
p. 131, [J. M.] 

Alles 1st on Gottes Segen. Anon. 
xvii. cent [Trust in God.'] This hymn on 
Christian faith and pationco is mentioned by 
Koch, v. 605, ns anonymous and as dating a. 
1673. In the Nurnberg ff. B. of 1678 it is 
No. 043 (ed. 1H90, No. 940), in 6 st. of 8 1., 
'marked "Aiionymus." Included as No. 488 
in the Unv. L. 8., 1851. 

Translation in C, U. : — 

All thingi hug on our pouwMtar. Good and 
full in the 2nd Series, 1858, of Miss Winkworth's 
Lyra Ger., p. 189, and thence, as No. 130, in 
her C. B. for England, 1863, and in full in the 
Ohio Luth. Hymnal, 1880, No. 326. [J. M.] 

AlHne, Henry [Allen], b. at Newport, 
E I., Juno 14, 1748, was some time a minister 
at Falmouth, Nova Bcotia, and d. at North 
Hill, N.8., Fob. 7, 1784. Alline, whose name is 
sometimes spelt AReti, ia Bald to nave founded 
a seat of "Ailcuites," who maintained that 
Adam and Eve before the fell had no corporeal 
bodies, and denied the resurrection of the body. 
These peculiar views may liavo a place in his 
prose works, but they cannot be traced in his 
487 Hymn* and Spiritual Songs, in five books, 
of which the 3rd ed., now rare, was pub. at 
Dover and Boston, U.B.A., 1797, and another 
at Btoningtonport, Conn., 1803. Of those 
hymns 37 are found in Smith and Jones's 
Hymn* for the Vte of Christians, 1803, and 
some in later books of that body. The best 
"f these hymns, " Amazing sigh£ the Saviour 
stands," from the 1st ed. of Hymn* and Spiri- 
tual Songs (1790 ?), is preserved in Hntfivld's 
Ch. H. Bit., 1872, No. 569, where it is given 
anonymously from Nettleton's Village Hymn*; 


(ilso in the Bapt. PraUe Bk, and others. 
Alline's hymns are unknown to the English 
collections. [F. M - B ] 

Allon, Henry, v.v., tin Independent 
Minister, b, at Welton, near Hull, October 18, 
1818, and educated at Chcshunt Coll., Herts. 
In 1844 he became co-pastor with tho Bov. 
T, Lewis of the Union Cliaptl, Islington, 
and succeeded to the sole pastorate on tho 
death of Mr. Lewis in 1852. In 1865 Dr. 
Alton becomo co-editor with Dr. Reynolds 
of the Briliih Quarterly Review, and iu 1877 
the sole editor of that journal. Uis Memoir 
of the Rev. J. Sherman, pub. in 1863, mid 
his Sermons on The Vition of God, 1876, 
ore well known. As a composer of hymns 
he is represented by one hymn only, "Low 
in Thine agony," a good hymn for Fas- 
siontide, contributed to his Suppl. Hytmu, 
18G8, No. 21. His services to Hjmnody, 
especially in tho musical deportment, hare 
beon of value. In addition to acting as co- 
editor of the Hew Cong. H. Bk. 1859, Ike pub. 
Supplemental Hymn*, 1868, enlarged ed. 1875; 
Children'* Worthip, 1878; and The Congre- 
gational Ptalmitt Hymnal, 1886. His musicul 
compilations are the Congregational Pialmht, 
Ijondon, 1858, in conjunction with Dr. Gaunt- 
Ictt, in which his Historical Preface and 
Biographical Notes display considerable re- 
search and accuracy (various eds. 1868, 1875, 
1883, raising the original 330 to 650 tunes); 
2nd seel of the same, Chant Book. 1860 : 8rd 
sect., Anthem* for Congregational Uee, 1872 ; ith 
sect, Tunes for Children'* Worthip, 1879. 
These musical works, together with fits essay, 
" The Worship of the Church," contributed 
to Dr. Bevnblds*s Eccktta, 1870; and his 
most valuable lectures delivered in connection 
with tho Y, M. C. A. in Exeter Hall ;— Church 
Song in it* Relation to Church Life, 1861-2 ; and 
Psalmody of (ftc Reformation, 1863-4, — have 
done much towards raising tlte musical por- 
tion of Nonconformist worship to a higher 
and more cultured position. [J, J.] 

AIIsop, Solomon B., b. 1824; resided 
iu Jamaica, whero his father laboured ns a 
missionary, from 1827 to 1830, when he re- 
turned to England. Joining the Noncon- 
formist ministry he has been successively 
Pastor at Whittlesea, Longford, March, and 
Burton-on-Trent. In 1879 ho was President 
of the Baptist Annual Association. When at 
Longford, 1864-68, Mr. AIIsop wrote several 
hymns for the local Anniversary. Of these, 
" Our hymn of thanks we sing to-day " was 
included in Stevenson's Sch. Hymnal, 1880, 
No. 323, in 5 st. of 6 1. 

Alma Eedemptoria Mater quae por> 
Via coeli. [B. V. jtf.] Ono of four Anti- 
phons to tho B. V. M. used at the termina- 
tion of the Offices, the remaining three being 
the Ave Jtegina, the Regina coeli, and the 
Salve Regina. It is ascribed to Hermanns 
Contractu*, who d 1054. In Daniel, ii. p. 318, 
the text is given in fall, together with a note 
setting forth its use, wiih readings from a 
Munich us. probably of tho 13lh cent. It is 
also in a 11th cent. Sarum Breviart) in tho 
British M«$eum (hsb. Beg. 2 A., xiv. f. 235 b) ; 



in the Roman Breviary, Modena, 1480, f- 512 ; 
tlio Torh Breviary, 1493, (reprint, 1883, ii. 
494), Ac. Concerning its use we may odd 
from Itanfel and other authorities : — 

That It Is appointed to be said at the end of Compline 
from the Satnnlay before the first Sunday In Advent to 
the 2nd of February, inclusively, and that In the eld 
Franciscan Breviary, dated Uirt, It la to be sung till 
Qulnquageslma Sunday. In the BrerUriea of Roue, 
FttrU, Lyon*, frc,, It 1* to be said at the end of Compline 
from tbe lit Vespers of the 1st Sunday In Advent to 
the Feast of the Purification, inclusively) also after 
l£uds during; this time, If the choir where toe office is 
recited be left ; if Prime, or other Hoars, snail be told 
immediately after Lauds, then this Antiphon should be 
used at the end, once for all. Should the Feoet of the 
Purification he transferred, on account of some privi- 
leged day (as Septusgeaini* Sunday) falling on the same 
tune, yet the ^tmo tfedtmptorit Mater la not to be con- 
tinued beyond Feb. % according (o decrees of the Roman 
Congregation of Rttes, 1631, 1693, 11». 

How well thil Antiphon wan known iu Eng- 
land in the Middle Ages we may judge from 
the use which Chaucer made of it in his 
Priorest's Tale, 'where the whole story is 
associated therewith. In tbe tale it is intro- 
duced in the following linen : — 

" This litel chllde his litel book tearing, 
As bs sale in the ■col* at bis prinwre, 
He Alma Bedmstorit btrde stag. 
As chfttrm lend hlr anttphonsre : 
And as he dorst, he drew him nets and ncre, 
And herkeoed ay the wordes and tbe note. 
Til he the finite vers eoude al by rote." 

The Poet then explains the way in which 
the cliild mastered the Antiphon, together 
with the music to which it was set; and 
describes liis singing it in the public streets, 
his murder by the Jews for so doing, and the 
subsequent results. This Antiphon is distinct 
from the Sequence, " Alma reoemptoris Mater 
qiiam de coelis misit pater," given in Daniel, 
v. 113 ; Mone, ii. p. 200 ; Neale's Beg. ex Mis- 
taUtmt, p. 72, and others. The Sequence 
JbTbn« quotes from a us. of tbe 13th cent Of 
this there is, so far as we are aware, no ir. into 
English. From the constant use of the Anti- 
phon, both In publio and private, by all Roman 
Catholics, translations, either in prose or verse, 
arc in nearly all their devotional manuals. It 
is only necessary to specify the following: — 

Translation in C. U. :— 

Xethsr ef Christ, hen then thy people's sry. 
By E. Oaswnll, 1st pub. in his Lyra Cathotka, 
1849, p. 38, and in his Hymns $ Poems, 1873, 
p. 22. Its use is confined to the Reman Catholic 
collections for schools and missions, 

Translations not fa 0, XT, t — 

1. Kindly Mother of the Redeemer. Card. Newman, 
Tract* far Hit Tbmti, No. 1&, 11130. 

3. Sweet Mother of our Saviour blest. /. WaUaa, 
1st*, ry,] 

Almighty Author of my frame. 

Amte Steele. [PraUe.~\ The first hymn of 
her Poem* on Subject* chiefly Devotional, 1700, 
vol. i. pp. 1-2, in 5 St. of 4 )., nnd entitled 
'' Desiring to praise God.". It wss repeated 

in the new ed. of the same, 1780, pp. 1-2, and 
tigain in Sedgwick's reprint of her Hymn*, 
&c, 1863. It came into C. U. through the 

Bristol Bapt Coll. of Hys. of Ash and Evans, 
1769, No. 40. Its modern use, except in 
America, is very limited. 

Almighty Father, bless the word. 

[After Sermon.} This hymn appeared nnony- 


mously iu Dr. W. A. Muhlenberg's Church 
Poetry. Fliila., 1823. It was repeated in the 
Amer. Prayer Book Cott* 1826, as No. 39, in 
2 st. It is found in several American col- 
lections, but is not in C. U. in Great Britain. 

Almighty Father, Ood of grace. T. 

CutteriU. [For Pardon."} A metrical render- 
ing of the Confession from the B. of C. Prayer 
given in his Set. 1810, and continued in later 
eds. The ascription here to Oottcrill is based 
on the authority of two marked copies of the 
8th cd. of the Bel. 1819, in the Brooke and 
Julian Libraries. Orig. text in Snepp's 8. of 
<?. & G. 1872, No. 4B1. 

Almighty Father, gracious Lord. 
Anne Steele, [Providence and Qraee.] "Praise 
to God for the Blessings of Providence and 
Grace," is the title of this hymn in 16 st of 
4 1. in her Poems, &c, 1760, and 2nd edit. 
1780- A oento therefrom in Dr. Alexander's 
Augustine H. Bk., 1849-65, is composed of st 
i., »., viL-ix., xv., and xvi. It is also found 
in some American collections. Another ar- 
rangement of stanzas beginning with the first 
st. was included in Ootterill'a Bel, 1810. Of 
this, st, iii., II. 3-8, is altered from Cowper. 

Almighty Father, heaven and earth. 
E. A. Dayman. [Offertory.] 1st pub. in the 
Barvm Hymnal, 18oo\ No. 292,, and appointed 
as an " Offertory Hymn." Together with 2 st. 
as a "General Heeding," and 2 st as a 
" General Ending," it embodies two parte of 
4 st, of 4 1., and a doxology. In the Hymnary, 
1872, No. 022, it assumed the form of a single 
hymn, embracing the "General Heading,™ 
"Part i.," the 1st st. of the « General Ending," 
and the doi., thus omitting one stanza of the 
latter, and the whole of pt 2. Some slight 
alterations are also introduced therein. 

Almighty Father, let Thy love. B. 

W. Eddi*. [Matrimony.'] Writtwi in 1863, 
and published in his Irvingite Hys. for the use 
of the Churches, in 1864, No. 114, and later 


Almighty Father of mankind. M. 
Bruce. [Providence.'] We attribute this hymn 
to M. Bruce on grounds stated in his Memoir 
in this work. It was written probably about 
1764, and 1st pub. in J. Logan's Poems, 1781, 
Na 3, in 3 st of 4 1. Its use is not extensive 
in G. Brit, bat it, is found in many of the 
American hymnals. Text from Logan in Dr. 
Grosart's Worhs of Michael Bruce, 186E. 

Almighty Father t robed with light. 
E. T. Pilgrim. [Resignation.] From his 
Hymns written chiefly on the Divine Attributes 
of the Supreme Being, 2nd cd., 1631, p. 8. 
It is Hymn iv. " On Besignation," in 3 st of 
41., and is based on the words, " Thy Will 
be done." It is in several collections. 

Almighty Father, Thou hast many 
a blessing. [Benunaiation.'] Anon., in Long- 
fellow and Johnson's Amer. Book of Hys^ 
1846, No. 217 ; and their Hymn* of the Spirit, 
1864, No. 365, in 3 st. of 41. 


Almighty God, be Thou our Guide. 
[Security in God.] Anon., in Holy Song for 
all Seatom, Load., Bell & Duldy, 1809, No. 
368, in 5 st, of 41. 

Almighty God, Eternal Lord. [Before 
a jSmnon.l A cento mainly from hymns 
by C. Wesley as given in the Wet. H. Bk. 
1780. The let st is titan. " Come, O Thou all 
victorious Lord," at. i, tho 2nd, from "Thou 
Son of God, Whose flaming eyes," st. v., tho 
4th, from "Father of all in whom alone;" 
and the 3rd and 5th, possibly by tho compiler. 
As the cento has not been traced to an earlier 
date than CotteriU's Set, 1805, No. 71, it was 
probably compiled by Cotterill from the Wet. 
H. Bk. To modern collections in Great 
Britain it is almost entirely unknown, bat its 
use in America is somewhat extensive. The 
concluding line, " And faith he lost in sight," 
anticipated Dr. Neale*a " Till hope be lost in 
sight,* in H. A. A M„ 1875, No. 228, st. ir., and 
otter hymnals. The history of the bymns 
from which this cento is compiled may be 
found under their respective first lines. 

Almighty God, in humble prayer. 
/. Montgomery. [For Wisdom.] This hymn 
is in the "n kss.," but undated. It was 

Suhi in Montgomery's Christian Psalmist, 1825, 
To. 498, in 6 st of 4 1. and entitled " Solomon's 
Prayer for Wisdom." It is repeated, without 
alteration, in his Original Hymns, 1853, No. 70. 
In modern collections it is usually given in an 
abbreviated form, as in Windues Metrical 
Psalter a- Hymnal, No. 11, Harlnnd'u Ch. 
Ptolter, No. 199, tho Ainer. Sobb. if. Bk., &<s. 

Almighty God of love. C. Wesley. 
[Missions.] A cento composed of Nos. 1137, 
1158, and 1159 of his Short Hymns, &o., 1762, 
vol. L p. 391. In this form it was given in the 
Wet. if. Bk. 1780, and has been retained in 
all editions of that work. It has also passed 
into numerous collections, specially of the 
Methodist bodies, both in G. Brit, and 
Amorica. Orig. text in P. Works, 1868-72, 
vol. iz. p. 469. 

Almighty God, the pure and just 
B, (bier, [Lent.] 1st pub. in the Mitre 
H. Book, 1886, No. 1, in 4*t. of 4 I. and again 
with slight variations in tho Author's Church 
and King, July 1837. In Kennedy, 1863, No. 
631, it is subject to further alterations which 
are repeated in detail from Cooke & Denton's 
BjpnnaX, 1853, No. 69, hut with the omission 
of their doxology. 

Almighty God, Thy Name X praise. 
Dorothy A. llirupp- [God the Fatter.] Con- 
tributed to her Hymns for (he Young (1st ed. 
n.b. c 1830, 4th ed, Lond. 1836), No, 63, in 
8 st. of 4 1. and entitled, " Praise to God for 
Mercies.*' From tlitnoe it passed into BIrs. 
Herbert Mayo'siSeL ofHys.A Poetry, Ax., Lond. 
E. Suter (1st ed. 1838, 4th ed. 184!)), with the 
signature "n. a. t." It is found in several 
collection* for children, including the Ch. S. 8. 
H. Bk„ 1868, and others. [W. T. B.] 

Almighty God, Thy piercing eye. i 

I. Wattt. [Omniscience.] let pub. in his 



Divine Songs, 1715, in 6 st. of 4 1., and en- 
titled, " The All-seeing God," and again in 
all subsequent editions of the same work. 
It is given in various collections in Great 
Britain and America, principally in those for 
children, and sometimes in an abbreviated 
form. Orig. text in the Meth. S. S. H. Bk., 
1879, No. 298. In cue or two American col- 
lections it is attributed to Beddome in error. 

•Almighty God, Thy sovereign 
power. J. Jvltan. [AUnegivingJ Written 
for and 1st pub. in St. Mary't 'Ch. S. 8. H. 
Bk., Preston, Lancashire, 1874, in st. of 4 1. 

Almighty God, Thy word Is cast. 
J, Cavxsod. [After Sermon.'] Written about 
1815, and 1st pub. in Cotterill'a Set., 8th ed. 
1819, No. 268, in 5 Bt. of 4 1., and given for 
use "After a Sermon" [&, msb.]. It was re- 
printed in Montgomery's Christ Ptal, 1825, 
No. 253. From that date it. grew in import- 
ance as a congregational hymn, until its use 
has become extensive in alt English-speaking 
countries, in some cases with tile omission of 
one or more stanzas, and in others; with the 
addition of a doxology. Two texts, purporting 
to be the original, are extant. The first is 
that of Cotterill as above, from which the 
hymn has been taken in a more or less correct 
form until 1862, when the second was given 
from the original MS. in Lord Selborne^a Bk. 
of Praise, 1862, p. 470, and Lyra Brit, 1867, 
p. 131. One of the best arrangements of the 
hymn is a slightly altered form of the latter 
in Thring's <£&, 1882; No. 151. 

Almighty God, to-night. J. M. NeaU, 

[Hvening.] A child's hymn at "Bedtime," 
pub. in his Hymns for Children, 1842, in 5 st. 
of 4 1., and again in later editions. In use in 
American Songs of Christian Praise, 1880. 

Almighty God, 'whose only Son. 
Sir H. W. Baker. [Missions.] Contributed 
to the Am. to H. A. & Jf, 18C8, No. 357, in 
7 st of 4 l., and repeated in the revised edi- 
tion of 1875, and other collections. 

Almighty King, 'whose 'wondrous 
hand. W. Cotcper. [Grace and Providence.] 
No. 81, Bk. iii„ of the Olney Hymns, 1779, 
in 5 st. of 4 1., and entitled " Grace and 
Providence." It has not attained to the posi- 
tion of many of Cowper's hymns, and is found 
in a few collections only, including Marti- 
Man's Hymns, 4c, 1810 and 1873. 

Almighty Lord and King. [God un- 
changeable.] An anonymous hymn in Dr. 
Alexander's Augustine H. Bk., 2nd ed. 1858. 

Almighty maker, Godl I. Watts. 
[Praise.] 1st pub. in his Home Lyrieae, 1701!, 
in 11 sL of 4 It and entitled " Sincere Praise." 
In its complete form it is unknown to the col- 
lections, but centos differing in length and 
armngomont, hut all opening with the first 
stauzn, are found in numerous bymnnla in 
G. Brit, and America. 

Almighty Maker, I*srd of all [Holt- 
nets.] This hymn is given in J. H, Thorn's 
Unitarian Hyt., Chants & Anthems, 1858, No. 



433, aa from " Beci* OA," i.e. Kippis's Cult, of 
which Abraham Roes was ono of tho editors, 
1795 : No. 206, where it is given aa from 
" Select Collection of 1756." 

Almighty Ruler of tho skies, J. 
Wattt. \Ps. via.] His i* si. paraph, of t. 
1, 2, of Pa. viii, lat pnb. in hie Psalms of 
David, 1719, m 5 at or 4 1., and entitled 
"The Hoeanna of the Children; or, Infants 
praising God." His explanation of the open- 
ing stanzas is given in a note tiros: — "Those 
two first verses aro here paraphrased and ex- 
plained by the history of the Children crying 
Hoeanna to Christ, Matt. xxi. 15, 16, where 
onr Saviour cites and applies those words of 
the Psalmist." 

Although not of the first importance, it 
might be utilized as a hymn for Palm Sunday. 
Its use is limited. The New Cong., copying 
from the LeetU H. Bk., 1853, omits St. iii. and v. 

Al imiT" flamen, vita rmradi. [Whit- 
twntide.] This hymn is of unknown origin 
and date. It is in the Corolla Eyimorvm, 
Cologne, 1806, p. 10. Daniel, it p. 888, gives 
it iu 7 st. of 9 1., without note or comment 
It ia not known to bo in use in ativ liturgical 
work. |W. A. S.] 

Transl&tion in C, U. .— 

Lord oi Rtrnal Buwtitr. By E. CaswalJ, 1st 
put. in his Masque of Mary and other Poems, 
1858, in 7 st. of 10 1., and again io his Jlymns 
and Poems, 1873, p. 131 . Iu this form it is not in 
C U., but a cento, beginuing with st, ii., " Come 
Thou, who dost the soul endue" (Vcni, Spiritus 
Creator), was compiled for the Uymnarg, 1872, 
No. 329, and received the sanction of Sir. Cas- 
wnll, shortly before his death (a. MSB.). Another 
tr. not in C. U. is " Genial Spirit, earth's emo- 
tion," by Dr. Kynnston in his Oacashnai Hijnais, 

Alone! to land alone upon that 
Shore. F. W. Faler. [Uunffc.] Pub. in his 
Hymn*, 18(52, No. 118, in 10 st. of 6 1. Prom 
it'two centos are in C. U., both beginning 
with the sumo first lino as above, and altered 
throughout ; tho first being No. 6 in tho Scot- 
tish lbrox Hymnal, 1871, and tho second, No. 
909, in the Bapt. Hymnal, 187S. 

Altenburg, Johann Michael, b. at 
Alacb, near Erfurt, on Trinity Sunday, 1581. 
After completing his studies he was for some 
time leaclier and precentor in Erfurt. In 
1608 ho was appointed pastor of Ilversgehofen 
and Marboch near Erfurt; in 1611, of Trooh- 
tolborn; and in 1621 of GroBs-Sommern or S5m- 
merda near Erfurt. In the troublous war times 
lie wns farced, in 1631, to fleo to Erfurt, and 
there, on the news of the victory of Ltipzig, 
Supt 17, 1631, lie composed his best known 
hymn. He remained in Erfurt without a 
charge till, in 1887, lie was appointed diaconug 
of the Augustine Church, and, in 1688, pastor 
of St. Andrew's Church. He d. ut Erfurt 
February 12, 1640 (Koch, iii. 115-117 ; Allg. 
Deutiche Biog., i. p. 363, and x. p. 766 — tho 
latter saying he did not go to Erfurt till 
1637). He was a good musician, and seems 
to liave been the composer of the melodies 


rather than of the words of some of the 
hymns ascribed to him. Two of his hymns 
have been (r. into English, viz. ; — 

1. Aus Jakob's Btamm tin Stent aehr klar, 

S Christmas^ Included us No. 3 of his Christ' 
iche lieWicae und and&chtiije neico Kirchen- una? 
jffauw-ffesdBjie, pt. i., lirfurt, 1G20, in 3 st. of 
5 1. According to Wetzel's A. H~, vol. i.,nt. v. p. 
41, it was first pub. in J. FOrster's Hohen Festtagis~ 
Schreinlein, 1611. In the Vnv. L. 8., 1851, No, 
24. It has been tr. as " From Jacob's root, a 
star so deal'," by Miss Manington, 1864, p. 13, 

J. Ventage nlcht dn Haaflriji ItUin. [la 2h)wW*.] 
Concerning the authorship of this nymn there 
are three main theories— i. that it is by Gitstavus 
Adolphta ; ii. that the ideas are his and the dic- 
tion that of his chaplain, Dr. Jacob Fabrieha ; and 
liL that it is by Alteninrg. In tracing out the 
hymn we find flxat : — 

The oldest accessible form (a in two pamphlets pub- 
lished shortly &fter the death of Qnatavue Adolphas, 
. via., the Bpiit&ion, Lcipjig, B.C. trot probably In the end 
of 1G32 [Royal Library, Berttn]: and Arnold Atengerlng'e 
BbUlgt8ieg*-C">M. Leipzig, 1933 [Town Library, Ham- 
burg}. Io the Jfpiadioit the hymn Is entitled, " Kuntg- 
Itcher Schwanengeaang So Ihre Hajest. vor dem Lntzen- 
■cbeaTreffenton^ttcbeniuGott gesungen"; andtnthe 
Slegs-Crow, p. 73, "Der 8, Kan. Mayt. >n Sebweden 
IJed, welches Sle vor der Schlocbt geanngen." In both 
cases there aro 3 ats. :— . 

L Veraage nicht, do JEtnffleln klefn, 
11. Truste dtch dess, doss delne Sach. 
Iii, So walir Oott tiott 1st, and eein Wort. 

The next form Is ihat In J. Clauuer's PidlniMiae 
Aowu Pars lartto, Leipzig, lfijs, No, 17, In & st, of C 
tines, st, t.-iil. aa above, and— 

iv, Aeh Gott nieti In des delne Goad 
v, Hllff diss wir inch nach delnetn Wort. 
No aathor'e name Is given. In the Bayrtuth Q. B., 
IBM, p. ass, st. iv„ v., are marked as an addition by 
Dr. Samuel Zehner; and by J. C Olearliu In bL4 
Liefar-BchiUz, 1N», p. l«,oa written to IBM (1033;), 
when the Croats had partially burnt Schleusiugeo, 
where Zehner woe tUeii superintondent. 

The third form of Importance is that given in 
Jcremias Weber's I&pzig &, £„lfi38,p. 051, where It is 
entitled " A eoul-rejolclng hymn of Conwladon npon 
the wstchwot^— God with ns — used by the UtoiugelWl 
army in the battle of Leipzig, 7th Sept., 1S31, cotnjwscHl 
by M. JohAtin Altenbuw, pastor At Gross SiiiomertL in 
jlttringcn," [i.e. SLtmmerda in 'Dmringia], It tsin $sK, 
of which sts. t.-iii. are the same as tbe 1033, and an; 
marked .is by Altenburff. St. If., v., beginning — 
Iv. DrQmb soy getrost dn kleines llcoi 
v. Amen, dim hilff llerr Jesu Christ, 
ar^ marked jib ** Additamentum Ignoti." Thla ts ttio 
form In C U. as In the Berlin a. L. 3„ ed. 1S03, No, 

In favour of Altenburg there Is the explicit declara- 
tion of the Leipzig a. B., 1033, followed by mast 
subsequent writers. The idea that the hymn was by 
Guttavut AfylpHnt seems to bsvo uo other foundation 
then that In many of the old hymn-books it was called 
Guttanut A&tjlphutft Jtattlt Hymn. The theory tbot the 
Ideas were communicated by the King to his cluplalit, 
Dr. Fobrklus, after the battle of Leipzig, and by 
Fabrlcius Ter^lhed, is tnalntaiDCd by alohnike. in Ins 
nyvmdlQfflwiht fitrKkmigen. 1832, pt. ti. pp. E^-OS, lint 
Tests on very slender evidence. In Koch, vlll. 13^-141, 
there la the following striking word-picture : — 

If, then, we must deny to the hymn Albert Kuspp's 
charactertaation of It as * a little feather from tlieenglc 
wing of Ctustavus Adulpbus," so much the moro its 
original title as his "iswnn Song" remains true, it 
was on tho morning of the A Nov^ 1G33, tliat tbe 
Catholic army under Wallenstetn and the Evangelical 
under Gostavns Adolpbus stood over against each other 
at Liltzen ready to strike. As the morning dawned 
Gn&tavus Adolphus summoned his Court preacher 
Fabricius, and commanded him, as also the anuy chap- 
lains of all the other regimeots, to hold a service of 
prayer. Daring this service the whole host sung tbe 
pious kiug's battle hymn— . 

" Venage nlcbt, du Ilauffclu kleln," 


Ho himself m on bis knees and pmyed fervently. 
Ideantime a thick mist hod descended, which hlii the 
fetal field so that nothing could be distinguished. When 
the bast bud now been set in wattle array he gave them 
u watchword for the fight tbe saying, " God with us," 
mounted his borae, drew bis sword, And rode along tbe 
Hoes of the army to encourage the soldiers lor tbe 
battle. First, however, he commanded tbe tunes £in 
fate Surg end Si weUt una (Mt gentttUg «eftt to be 
played by the kettledrums and trumpeta, and tbe 
soldiers joined as with one voice. The nttet now began 
to disappear, and tbe ann shone through. Then, after a 
abort prayer, be cried out ; ** Now will we est to, please 
God," and Immediately alter, very loud, "Jem, Jesu, 
Jean, help me to-day to fight for the honour of Thy 
Holy Name." Then he attacked the enemy at full 
speed, defended only by a leathern gorget. "God is my 
harness,'* he had saM to tbe servant who wished to put 
on bis armour. The conflict was hot and bloody. 
About 11 o'clock* in the forenoon tbe fatal bullet struck 
him, and he sank, dying, from his hoiee, with the 
worie, "My Qod, my Godl" Till twilight came on 
the fight raged, and was doubtful. But at length tbe 
Evangelical host obtained the victory, as it had pro- 
poetically sung at dawn." 

This hymn has ever been a favourite in Ger- 
many, was sang in the house of P. J. Spener 
every Sunday afternoon, and of late years has 
been greatly used at meetings of the Gustavus 
Adolphus Union — «n association for the help of 
Protestant Churches in Bomuu Catholic coun- 
tries. In translations it has passed into many 
English nnd American collections. 

Translations in C. U. ■— 

1, Pear not, little fleet, flu foe. A good tr. 
from the text of 1638, omitting st. ir., by Miss 
Winkworth, in her Lyra Ser^ 1855, p. 17. In- 
cluded, in England In Kennedy, 1863, Snepp's S. of 
O. and 0., 1871, Irse Church H. Bh^ 1882, and 
others ; and in America in the Sabbath H. Bk., 
1858, Pennsylvania Xutft. Ch. Bh, 1868, Bys. 
of the Church, 1889, Bapt. H. Bk., 1871, H. and 
Bongs of Praise, 1874, and many others. 

8. Be net diamay'd, thou little (look. A good tr. 
of st. i.-iii. of the 1638 text in Mrs. Charles's V. 
of Christian Life in Song, 1858, p. 248. She ir. 
from the SweJish, which, in the Swensia Psalm- 
ftoten, Carlstodt, N.t>. (1866), is given n.i Ko. 378, 
"Fiirfaras ej, du Jill a hopl" and marked Gus- 
taf II. Adolf, Her version is No. 204 in Wil- 
son's Service of Praise, 1865. 

3. Thou little fiook, be not afraid. A tr. of st. 
i.-iii. from the 1638 teit, by M. Loy, iu the 
Ohio Luth. Hymnal, 1880, No. 197. 

Other trs. are all from the text of 1638. 

(1J "Be not dlshearten'd. tittle flock," by Dr. H.Mills, 
1866, p. m. (2.) " Despond not, tittle band, although," 
by Dr. S. Walker, 1SS0, p. +1. (3.) " Be not dieraay'd, 
thou little flock, Nor," by E. Massle, 1BSS, p. 1*3. (4.) 
" little flock, be not afraid," in J. D. Bums's Aftmmr 
ami Eemaim, 1869. p. 289. [J. M.] 

AltusProsator, Vetustus. St.Columba. 
This very curious hyum was first mode known 
to modern scholars by the lato Dr. J. II. Todd, 
iu Fasc it. p. 205 of the Liber Hymnorum 
edited by him in 1869 for the Irish Archaw- 
logical nnd Celtic Society, where it is given 
with n prose translation by the editor. A 
rhymed version of this by Dr. Vf. Macllwahie 
is given in his Lyra Hibernica Sacra, Belfast, 
1878, commencing, "The Father exalted, 
ancient of days, inybejKttteu,'' and the Latin 
text is reprinted in the Appx. thereto. In 
1882 the Marquess of Bate issued a prose 



version, together with the original text and 
valuable notes thereon as The Altut of 8. 
Cotemba, edited with Prose Paraphrase aud 
Notes by John, Marquess of Bute, Edinli, 
Blackwood, 1882, [\Y. T. B.] 

Alway in the I*>rd rejoice. J. S. B. 

MonseU. [Joy in the Lord.'] Written in Italy 
and 1st pub. in his Spiritual Songs, 1857 
and 1875, in 8 st. of 4 1. It is based on the 
Epistle for the 4th 8. in Advent. It has not 
come into C. U. in Gt, Brit, In the Araer. 
College Hyl, N. Y„ 1876, No. 314, st. i,-iv. 
and vii. are given with slight alteration. 

Am Crrabe stehn wir stille. C. J. P. 
Spftte. _ [Burial of the Bead.] 1st pub. iu 
Series i. of his Psalter and Sarfe, Leipzig, 
1833, p. 140 (ed. 1838, p. 155), in 6 st. of 4 1„ 
entitled "At the Grave," Taken by his 
colleague. Taster Borchers, as the text of 
his oration at Spitta's funeral, Sunday, Oct, 1, 
1859 (Munkel's Spttta, 1861, pp. 283-284). 
Included as No. 2918 in Kuapp's Ev. L. S. 
ed. 1850. 

Translation in C. U. :— 

The preswna teed of weeping- . An excellent tr., 
as No. 98, by Miss Winkworth in her C. B. fur 
England, 1863. Thence, unaltered, asHo,23(J iu 
Alton's 8«pp. Hymns, 1868, as No. 554 in the 
Pennsylvania Luth. Ch.3k, 18S8, and as No, 1010 
in the American Meth. Episco. Hymnal, 1878. 

Other tr*. are : — 

fl.) " Now weeping at tbe grave we stand," by Jftn 
WtnlMortk, 18S8, p. us. (2.) "Beside tbe dark gravo 
standing, 1 ' by R. Mattie, i960, p. 138. [J, jjj 

Am I a soldier of the Cross? I. 
Watts. [Holy Fortitude.] Appended to lite 
Sermon*, pub. in 1721-24, in 3 vols,, vol. iii, 
and intended to accompany a sermon on 1 Cor. 
xvi. 13. It is in 6 st. of i 1„ nnd entitled 
" Huly Fortitude." In Spurgeou's O. O. H. BJi., 
No, 671, st. v. and vi. are omitted, but the 
rest are unaltered. Oi% full text in all 
editions of Watts's Works. In iho iVew Cong., 
No. 623, it is given in an abbreviated and 
slightly alteied form as — " jire tre Bw 
soldiers of the Cross ? " This is nlso fouinl in 
Snepp's Songs of G. & G., 1872, and other 
collections. It dates as early ng the Leeds 
H. Bk., 1853. The American use of lhis 
hyinn is oxtensive. 

Am I poox 1 , do men despise meP 

[Contentment] An anonymous hymn from 
the Amerioun 8. S. Union Collection, given 
in the Meth. F. C. B. S. II. Bk., No. 2G8. 

Amazing grace, how sweet the 
sound, J. Newton. [Grace.] No. 41, Bk, i. 
of tho Olney Hymns, 1770, in of 4 ]., 
entitled "Faith's Kuvhw nnd Expectation," 
nnd based upon i. Ghron, xviii. 16, 17. Iu G. 
Brit, it is unknown to modem collections, but 
in America its use is extensive. It is fur 
from being a good example of Newton 'n work. 

Amazing love ! transcendent grace. 
Joseph Irons. [Predestination.] let pub. 
in his Zton'a Songs, dee., 3rd ed. 1825, No. 140, 
and thence into Snepp's S. of G. & G., 1872, 
No. 678, unaltered. 



Ambrosiua (Bt. Ambrose), second son , 
and third cliild of Ambrosius, Prefect of the 
Gauls, was b. at Lyons, Aries, or Treves — 
probably the last — in 310 a.d. Oil the death, 
of his father in 353 his mother removed to 
Home with ber three children. Ambrose went 
through the usual course of education, attain- 
ing considerable proficiency in Greek; and 
then entered the profession which his elder 
brother Satyrus had chosen, that of the law. 
In tliis be so distinguished himself that, after 
practising in the court of Probus, the Praeto- 
rian Prefect of Italy, he was, in 371, appointed 
Consular of Ligaria and Aemitia. This office 
necessitated h is residence in Milan. Not many 
months after, Auxentius, bishop of Milan, who 
had joined the Arian party, died ; and much 
was felt to depend upon the person appointed 
as his successor. The church in which the 
election was held was so filled with excited 
people that the Consular found it necessary to 
take steps fur preserving the peace, and him- 
self exhorted them to peace and order : when 
a voice suddenly exclaimed, "Ambrose iB 
Bishop," and the cry wns taken up on all 
sides. He was compelled to accept the post, 
though still only a catechumen ; was forthwith 
baptized, and in a week more consecrated 
Bishop, Dec 7, 374. The death of the Em- 
peror Valentinian I., in 375, brought him into 
collision with Justina, Valeutinian's second 
wife, an adherent of the Arian party: Ambrose 
was supported by Gratian, the elder son of 
Valentinian, nnd byTheodoaius, whom Gratian 
in 379 associated with himself in the empire. 
Gratian was assassinated in 383 by a partisan 
of Maximus, and Ambrose was sent to treat 
with the usurper, a piece of diplomacy in 
which he was fairly successful. He found 
himself, however, left to carry on the contest 
with the Arians and the Empress almost 
alone. He and the faithful gallantly defended 
the churches which the heretics attempted to 
seize. Justina was foiled : and the advance of 
Maximus on Milan led to her flight, and even- 
tually to her death in 388. R wis in this 
year, or more probably the yeajr before (387), 
that Ambrose received into the Church by 
baptism his great scholar AuguBtine, once a 
Manichoeau heretic. Thcodosius was now 
virtually head of the Roman empire, his col- 
league Valentinian II., Justina'a son, being a 
youth Jjf only 17. In the early part of 390 
the news of a riot at Thesaalonica, brought to 
him at Milan, caused him to give a hasty 
order for a general massacre at that city, and 
hiscommandwasbuttoofaithfullyoboyed. On 
his presenting himself a few days after at the 
door of the principal church in Milan, be was 
met by Ambrose, who refused him entrance 
till be should have done penaooe for his crime. 
It was not till Christmas, eight months after, 
that the Emperor deolared his penitence, and 
was received into communion again by the 
Bishop. Valentinian was murdered by Arbo- 
gastes, a Frank general, in 392 ; and the mur- 
derer and his puppet emperor Eugenins were 
defeated by TheodosiuB in 394. But the 
fatigues of tbe campaign told on the Emperor, 
and he died the following year. Ambrose 
preached his funeral sermon, as he had done 
that of Valentiniftn. Tbe loss of these two 


friends and supporters was a severe blow to 
Ambrose ; two unquiet years passed, and tlien, 
worn with labours and anxieties, he himself 
rested from his labours on Easter Eve, 307. 
It wss the 4th of April, and on that day the 
great Bishop of Milan is remembered by tbe 
Western Church, but Rome commemorates his 
consecration only, Dec 7th. Great he was 
indeed, as a scholar, an organiser, a statesman ; 
still greater as a theologian, the earnest and 
brilliant defender of the Catholic faith against 
the Arians of the West, just as Athanasius 
(wliose name, one cannot but remark, is the 
same as his in meaning) was its champion 
against those of the East We ore now 
mainly concerned with him as musician and 
poet, "the father of Church song" as he is 
called by Grimm. He introduced from the 
East the practioe of antiphonal chanting, and 
began the task, which Bt. Gregory completed, 
of systematizing tbe music of the Church. 
As a writer of sacred poetry be is remarkable 
for depth and severity. He does not warm 
with his subject, like Adam of St Victor, or 
St. Bernard. "We feel," says Abp. Trench, 
" as though there were a certain coldness in 
his hymns, an aloofneu of the author from his 

A large number of hymns has been attri- 
buted to his pen ; Daniel gives no fewer than 
92 called Ambrosian, Of these the great 
majority (including one on himself) cannot 
possibly be bis; there is more or less doubt 
about the rest. Tbe authorities on the sub- 
ject are the Benedictine ed. of his works, tbe 
PtaUerium, at Hymnary, of Cardinal Thoma- 
sius, and the Thetaurue Hymndlogiau at 
Daniel. The Benedictine editors give 12 
hymns as assignable to him, as follows: — 

1. Aetenu Christl munen. 
a. Aetwne return ComUttx. 

3. Ooaeon Ptternt lumlnSi. 

4. Deufl Creator omnium. 
E. Fit porta Chrfstl pervla. 

6. lUumioanB AUtasumiH. 

7. Jam ■urgtt bor& tertla, 
s. Lux BeMA Trinitas. 
0. Gnbo mente Domltium, 

10. Somno rofectiu artutauL 
n. Splendor Pgtwoae gloriae. 
12. Veal Kedeinptor gentium. 

Histories of these hymns, together with 
details of trt. into English, are given in this 
work, and may bo found under their respective 
first lines. The Bollandists and Daniel are 
inclined to attribute to St. Ambrose a hymn, 
Orates ttbi Jet* novas, on the finding of the 
relics of SB. Gervasius and Protaaius. These, 
we know, were discovered by him in 386, and 
it is by no means unlikely that the bishop 
should have commemorated in verse an event 
which ho announces by letter to his sister 
Marcellina with bo much satisfaction, not to 
say exultation. 

A beautiful tradition makes the Te Dtmim 
Javdamat to have been composed under inspira- 
tion, and recited alternately, by BS. Amoroso 
and Augustine immediately after tbe baptism 
of the bitter in 387. But the story rests upon 
a passage which there is every reason to con- 
sider spurious, in the Chronicon of Daoius, 
Bp. of Milan in 550. There is nahint of such 
an occurrence in the Gonfetsir J.Bt. Augus- 
tine, nor in Paulinus'g life of £c Ambrose, 


nor in any authentic writing of St. Ambrose 
himself. The hymn is essentially a compilation, 
and there is much reason to believe, with 
Herat!, that it originated in the 5th cent, in 
the monastery of St, Honoratus at Lerina. 
[Ts Omm.] [8. T.] 

Amen to all that God hath. said. 

C. Wesley. [Divine Holiness, and Human 
Depravity.'] Appeared in Hymn* and Sacred 
Poems, 1712, in 36 st. of i L, in three parts, 
and entitled " Unto tho Angel of the Church 
Of the Laodiceans." In 1780, J. Wesley com- 
piled the following centos therefrom for the 



1, (hi «f nupottsd parity. Composed of «t. 
lii., iv., v., vi., viii.-xi. of Part i, 

l> OUnw mm works brisk*. Composed 
of at. iii. t viti., ii., i., of Part ii. 

3. Baiitor of »U, to Thw w* tow. Composed 
of »t. i.-vi. of fart iii. 

All these centos liave passed into numerous 
hymnals in G. Brit, and America. Orig. text 
in P. Works, 1868-72, vol. iL p. 358. 

American Hymuody. Psalmody rather 
than Hymnody was the usage of America prior 
to 1800. The famous Bay Psalm Book, or 
New England Version of 1640, published 
at Cambridge), New England, by Stephen 
Day, was the first volume printed in these 
Colonies; and from its rarity the few ex- 
tant copies of tho first edition are very highly 
valued, Isaiah Thomas, tho founder of the 
American Antiquarian Society, supposed that 
" not less than seventy editions were printed 
in Boston, London, and Edinburgh. The 
revision of that version by Thomas Prince in 
1757 met with less favour (and is scarcer) 
than the original, which about that time 
began to be superseded by the Vernon of 
Tate <fc Brady. Of Tate £ Brady 1 ! Version 
many editions, with Supplement qf Hymns, 
mostly by Watts, were printed at Boston be- 
tween 1760 and 1800. Towards tho end of 
the century numerous editions of Watts's 
Psalms and Hymns appeared, chiefiy in New 
England, and continued to appear after the 
publication of the amended versions of Watts's 
Psalm*, by Joel Barlow, in 1785, and Timothy 
Dwigkt, in 1800. Hymn-compiling began 
after the Bevolutiou, and its course can best 
be followed under the headings of the several 
religious bodies. 

L Protestant Episcopal Church. — The 
Episcopal Church issued, in 1789, the Ver- 
sion of Tate & Brady with twenty-seven 
hymns, to whioh thirty more were added in 
1808. These were superseded by an abridged 
version of the Psalms, mostly from Tale <fc 
Brady, in 1833, and a Collection of Hymns, 
numbering 212, published previously in 1827. 
The latter, entitled H. of the Prot. Epitc. Ch. 
set forth in General Convention in the years 
1789, 1808, and 1826, and commonly known 
as the Prayer-Book Collection, except for its 
originals, hardly deserved the repute it long 
enjoyed. It continued to be used exclusively 
in the Sunday services for 85 years, and was 
bound up with the Prayer Book till 1871. 

After 18ol, in some dioceses Hymns Ancient 
and Modern, or ono or two Selections from it 
or other sources, were allowed. In 1866; 
sixty-six Additional Hymns were put forth ; 
and in 1871 the present Hymnal This, al- 
though a great advance upon the Prayer Bit. 
Collection of 1826, does not compare favour- 
ably with the leading Anglican books of 
to-day. It wes slightly revised, and not 
materially improved, in 1874. The vuluntory 
system of the English ChuTch with regard 
to Hymnody hns unfortunately not been 
permitted to her American daughter, who is 
in consequence for behind in hymnic know- 
ledge, activity, and taste. Of private collec- 
tions which might be used at week-night 
services, 4c, we may mention Dr. C. W. 
Andrews's Church Hymns, of 1844 and 1857, 
and Hymns for Cfcurek and Home, 1859-60. 
The latter did much in preparing the way 
fur the Hymnal of 1871-4, 

II, Presbyterians. — This body, in common 
with the Congregationalists, for a long time 
used Watts chiefly. Their first official Psalm 
and Hymns appeared in 1828-29, and amended 
editions of it in 18S0-1834, and in 1843. The 
Church Psalmist of 1843, with tho Supple- 
ment of 1847, was long the chief manual of 
the New School body. Among prominent 
extant collections, the Presbyterian Hymnal, 
of 1874, is to be distinguished from the 
inferior Hymnal of the Presbyterian Church 
of 1867. Of books not put forth by autho- 
rity, nor strictly denominational, and which 
have been used by Congregationalists and 
others as well as by Presbyterians, Leavitf s 
Christian Lyre of 1830-1 contained origi- 
nals, and is of historic importance. The 
same is true of Thomas Hastings's Spiritual 
Songs, 1831, 2, 3, in which the hymns of the 
three leading American writers — Hastings, 
Bay Palmer, and S. P. Smith — first ap- 
peared. Dr. C. 8. Bobinson's Songs for the 
Sanctuary, 1805, and his Spiritual Songs, 
1878, aim rather at popular usefulness than 
literary ocourooy, and nave won great suc- 
cess. On the other hand, The Sacrifice of 
Praise, 1869, was carefully edited with notes. 
The late Dr. E. F. Hatfield, one of the leading 
hymnological scholars of America, produced in 
The Church Hymn Book, 1872, a work exception- 
ally trustworthy for texts, dates, and ascriptions 
of authorship. No less valuable in these re- 
spects is Hymns <fc Songs of Praise, published 
in 1874 by Drs. Hitchcock, Eddy, and Schnff ; 
these three eminent compilers having ex- 
pended on it much care, skill, and taste. 
These two boohs, though not so widely circu- 
lated as some others, are essential to every 
hymnic library. 

III. Congregationalists. — The first Congre- 
gational compilation which shewed thought 
and research was the Hartford Selection 
of 1799 — by Nathan Strong and others — a 
work of unusual merit for its day. It con- 
tained many originals, as did also Nettle- 
ton's Village Hymns, 1824, which was long 
and widely used, and exerted an influence 
oT considerable importance. Its Missionary 
Hymns, then a new feature, were numerous, 
and drawn largely from Hymns for the Monthly 
Concert, Andover, 1823, an important but 



almost unknown tract by L. Bacon (q. v.). 
Worcester's {fluffs'*, and Select Hymns, 1823, 
long held a prominent place. So did Mason 
andGreone's Church Psalmody, 1831. Bacon's 
Supplement to Dwtght, 1883, kept Dwight's 
Watts in use till the Connecticut Congrega- 
tion al Psalm* and Hymns appeared in 1845. 
Abner Jones compiled Melodies of the Church 
in 1832, and his son Darius E. Junes, Temple 
Melodies, in 1851, and Soag$ of tf«s New Mfe, 
I8t)9. Mr. H. W. Becehei's FlymouQi Collec- 
tion, 1855, represented the original mind of 
its editor, and lias many points of interest. 
The Sablath Hymn Book, 1858, prepared by 
Professors Park and Phelps of Andover, 
though careless in authorship and texts, was 
the most attractive and valuable of American 
hymnals to its date. Elins Nason's Congrega- 
tional Hymn Booh, 1857, and sundry others of 
lesser note, appeared in Boston. The year 
1880 morks the reaction from the excessive 
bulk of 1200 to 1500 hymns to about 600 in 
the Oberlin (Ohio) Manual of Praise, Mr. C. 
If. Richards s Songs of Christian Praise, and 
Hall and Lasar's Evangelical Hymnal, The 
List named shows a new departure no less in 
its large use of recent material and following 
of English models, than in the admirable 
carefulness of its editing, and in a biogra- 
phical index, covering thirty-three doublo 
columns, of authors, translators, and com- 
posers. The index is based upon that com- 
piled by Major Crawford and the Rev. J. A. 
Eberlo for the Irish Ch. Hymnal, 1878. 

IV. Baptists. — The Baptists soon abandoned 
the exclusive use of Psalms, end com- 
menced the compilation of independent 
collections of hymns. A Philadelphia Col- 
lection of theirs, published in 1790, cites one 
of Newport, Rhode Island, still earlier. Of 
Joshua Smith's Bhine Hymns, a ninth edition 
bears date 1799. In New York, too, John 
Stanford issued a collection of 200, chiefly 
horn Itippon, in 1792, and gave authors' names. 
The Boston Collection, 1808, Parkinson's, 
JSO.1-17, and Madity's, 1S1">, wero of note, 
and Winelicll's Arrangement of Watts, tvith 
Sujitilement, 1817-32, had a "roat sale. Tim 
Psalmist by Baron Stow and S. P. Smith, 
published in 1813, was an exemplary work, 
and met with general acceptance throughout 
the mirth, as did Manly's BaptUl Psalmody, 
1850, in the south. T7«s Baptist Barp, 1819, 
and Devotional Hymnal of 1864, are of some 
importance. A great many 32mos. and 48mos. 
of rcvivalistic character — the Virginia Selec- 
tion, Dover Selection, Mercer's Chester, &c. — 
have been in use. Of more sober type isLins- 
lcy and Davis's Select Hymns, I83G. The 
leading books to-day arc the Baptist Hymn 
Booh, Praise Boole, and tho Sm~cicn of Song, 
all of 1871. In. addition. ti» purely Baptist col- 
lections, editions of tho ehicf Congregational 
Collections for tho use of Baptists havo had 
art extensive sale. These include the Church 
Psalmody of Mason and Greene, the PI ymotiih 
Collection of H. W. Betelier, and The Sabbath 
Hymn Book of Park and Phelps. Collections 
by Fbbe Will Baptists appeared in 1832 and 
1858, and by The Oid School, or Primitive 
Baptists in 18S6 and 1858. The older of the 
two Baptist sects calling themselves Chbis- 


tiaks, made a large beginning in. 1805 with 
the collection of Elias Smith and Abner 
Jones. Of their later collections tho most 
noteworthy is the Christian Hymn Boole, Bos- 
ton, 1863, The other body of this name has 
its strength in the South and West. It has 
used a book compiled by its founder, Alex- 
ander Campbell, and another published at 
Dayton, Ohio. 

V. Methodists.— American Methodists used 
at first a Fochet Hymn Booh (a reprint of 
that by Spence which was attacked by J. 
Wesley), the 10th ed. of which appeared in 
1790, and the 27th in 1802. In 1802 it was 
revised by Coke and Asbury. The latter 
issued a Supplement to it in 1810. In 183G au 
official book, excluding all others for Sunday 
services, was issued, and another in 1819. 
These were displaced by the Methodist 
Hymnal, 1878. The Soufliern Methodist Epi- 
scopal Hymns of 1817 took less liberties with 
the tests, and adhered more closely to John 
Wesley's great collection thati its Northern 
successor. The Methodist Puotestaxt body 
has had 'three hymn-books, published respec- 
tively in 1837, 1859, and 1871. The Wes- 
LEYAtf Methowsts and the Albican Metho- 
dists also use compilations of their own. 
Many books, Methodist in character if not in 
nnme, and adapted to camp-meetings and the 
like, come out about the beginning of tho cen- 
tury and later, containing effusions, not a few 
of which had certain rude and fervid elements 
of poetic merit Eminent among these was a 
Baltimore Collection of about 1800, several pieces 
from which are still in use. This type is now 
represented by the numerous Gospel Songs, 
Ac, of America, and Sacred Songs and Solos 
(Sankey) in England, which are indeed 
spiritual songs, rather than hymns; having 
immense temporary popularity and influence, 
but are rather Jonah's gourds than plants of 
permanent standing in the soug-gnrden. Tho 
splendid provision, both in quantity mid 
quality, made by Cliarles Wesley, seeing, hcio 
as in England, to have deterred those who 
followod his views and methods from attempt- 
ing to produce serious hymns offer his {Kit turn 
in any considerable inoosui a. 

VI. Universalists. — The Univeisalists have 
been very active, and their activity, began 
very early. In 1792 they issued two col- 
lections, that of Richards (q. v.) and Lane, 
in Boston, and one in Philadelphia. In 
1808 appeared 415 Jf/mnns composed In 
different auViors (Hosea Ballon, Abner Knee- 
land, and four others) n( tlie request of the 
General Convention of Universalists, an infe- 
rior work, as works produced under such cir- 
cumstances usually are. Among later books 
are those of Ballou and Turner, 1821; S. and 
R, Streeter, 1829 ; Hosea Ballon, second collec- 
tion, 1837; Adams & Chapiu's Hymns for 
Christian Devotion, 1846 ; J. G. Adams, 1861 ; 
and Prayers and Hymns, 1868. All these 
contain originals. 

VII. Unitarians. — The Unitarians have 
been still more prolific in compiling, and in com- 
posing nearly as much so, but not in the same 
perfunctory way, and with far grcotor success. 
Possessing a largo share of the best blood 
and brain in the most cultivated section of 


America, they exhibit a long array of respect- 
able hymuists whose effusions have often won 
the acceptance of other bodies, and must be 
largely represented in these pages. Special 
service has been done at home by Dr. A. P. 
Putnam, of Brooklyn, whose admirable Singers 
and Stmg» of ike Liberal Faith (1875), though 
a largo volume, docs not exhaust the subject, 
but supplemented by another, Amongst 
their most notable collections, usually from 
Boston, are Betknap't, 1705 ; BeaaWt (New 
York), 1820; Greenwood's, 1830-35; tliat of the 
Cheshire Association (Connt.), 1844 ; Dr. J. F. 
Clarke's, 1844^5S ; Dn. Hedge <fc Huntington's, 
1853 ; S. Longfellow and S. Johnson's Book of 
Hymns, 1846-48, and Hymns of the Spirit, 
I8G4; and the Unitarian Hymn Book, 1809. 
The lost ia the most widely used, but is by no 
means the one of mast marked character,, care- 
ful editing, or general literary merit. 

Till. Soman Catholie.—The Botnnn Catho- 
lic Churoh in the United States has done 
nothing worthy of mention, unless the Tepriut, 
with additions, of E. Caswall's Lyra CaOioliea 
of 1849 be regarded as a selection for con- 
gregational purposes. 

IX. Lutherans. — Such Lutherans as in the 
latter part of the 18th cent, need the English 
tongue wero supplied by tho pious efforts of 
Dr. Kunze, 17'J5, of Strobeck, 1797, and of 
Villiston, 1800; and later by the various 
collections of tho Tennessee, Ohio, and 
General Synods ; by those of the New York 
Mitiisterium, 1814-34; and by the Minis- 
teiium of Pennsylvania, 18G5. The latter, 
prepared willi unusual care, was revised in 
1803 ns the Giurck Book of tho General 

X. Reformed Duhh.— Tho Befonncd Dutch, 
now tho " Reformed " body, had their own 
version of tho Psalms as early as 17G7, and 
issued successive collections of Psalms and 
Hymns, in 1780, 1814, 1831, ami 1850. These 
wero superseded nnd greatly improved upon 
by their Hymns of the Church, I860. 

XI. Gertnan Reformed. — This body, which 
in caramon with tho Refrained Dutch lias of 
late dropped from its title all that indicated 
its distinctive origin, has produced or included 
one or two hymnists, but uo collection of note. 

XII. Tho productions of several small deno- 
minations — Adventitts, United Brefhren t Ac- 
offer no special claim to notice beyond the fact 
ttiat the collections of the Moravians arc mainly 
based upou those of England, and that those 
of Morraandotn might fill a chapter ns literary 
curiosities, but cannot be considered here. 

XIII. Comparatively few American hymn- 
ists have collected their verses in book form. 
Thus, in many cases, the only way, and that 
an insecure one, of indicating the original text 
of any hymn is by referring to the place of 
first publication so far as known. The num- 
ber of such authors of hymns, and it may be 
added of compilations, is far greater than 
would be supposed by those who hare not 
carefully studied the subject, and hitherto 
It has been inadequately treated. C. D. 
Cleveland's Lyra Sucra Americana, 18CS, by 
no means covers the ground. This is the more 
to bo regretted, as that work has becomo tho 



text book for the higher American hymnody 
of tho hymnal compilers of Great Britain. 
Mr. Rider's Lyra Americana is but a meagre 
and random selection. In the present work it 
is designed to mention, though with inevitable 
baldness and brevity, all writers and hymns 
that have made any extended and lasting 
mark, including some lyrics, out of a number 
unduly largo, that unfortunately arc anony- 
mous. Tho books'cliiefly, though by no 
means exclusively, taken as a basis far this 
survey, are the following ; together with the 
total number of hymns in each, and the num- 
ber embraced in each total of hymns of a 
purely American origin, tho ptrcenlago being 
about one in seven. 




Prayer Book Coll., 1S3S . 
Jtplswpsl Hymnal, 18)1 . 
HeUinilst Episcopal H, 1S40 , 
HethotHst Hymnal, 1878 
Baptist Psalmist, IS43 . , 
Baptist Hymn lit., 1B71 , 
Baptist Praise Bk., ISJI. 
Baptist Service of Song, IBM . 
Plymouth Collection, 18SU 
Sabbath Hymn Bk., ISM 
Rourason'a & for Sanctuary, 1366 . 
Hatfield's Ch. Hymn Bk,, 1872 
Hltchoocfc'a Collection, 137* . 
Presbyterian Hymiiol, 1374 , 
Beformed Hys. or the Ch., 1809 
Obwiin Manual, 18S0 
C II. EWianib's Cull., ISfsO . 
Evang. Hymnal, 1SS0 ♦ . 









XIV, The English use of American hymns 
lias been, until recent years, very limited, and 
mainly confined to the older collections of the 
English Nonconformists, and the Unitarian 
Hymnals. In the two hundred and fifty hymns 
of the higher order of merit in American 
hymnody, which are now in common use in 
Great Britain, are found choice selections from 
nil the leading denominations in the States, and 
ranging from the earliest productions of Presi- 
dent Bavies to the latest of Dr. Bay Palmer 
and Bishop Coxe. The marked success which 
has attended tho few translations from the 
Latin and German that have been embodkd 
in English Hymnals attests their merit, and 
indicate* a wealth of ltymnic power in our 
midst which should be more fully developed 
and utilised. In Great Britain the noblest 
forms of American Hymnody arc known to 
tho few ; whilst the Gospel Songs of our re- 
vivalistic schools arc tho mainstay of similar 
eflbrts in the niothrr country. Our review 
is materially increased by this extensive use 
of the more ephemeral form of our hymnody ; 
success compelling attention where literary 
merit has failed to do so. 

XV. Tho alphabetical arrangement required 
by a Dictionary precludes that grouping of 
the American work which would best set forth 
its nature and extent. In this Dictionary tho 
hymns are annotated under their rospoctivo 
author's names. To assist, however, in ascer- 
taining the full extent of American Hymnody, 
the subjoined synopsis, arranged in Denomi- 
nation!) 1 and Chronological order, has been 
compiled : — 




Synopsis of Amemcait Himnodt. 

t. Pratestaat Episcopal fjhursh. 

Alexander Ylets Griawold, D.D. . 1766-1813 

Francis Scott Xey . • . 177B-L943 

JobuDeWolf .... 1789-1803 

HenryrjstleOnderflonlE.D.l). . 17S9-1B8B 

Sarah J. Hale .... 119S-I819 

IVm, Augustus Muhlenberg, D.D. 1196-1870 

James Wallis Eaetburn . . 1797-1819 

George Washington Doane, D.l). . 1199-1869 

William Croswell, D.D. . . 1B04-1B61 

William B. Whltttngham, CD. . 1B05-1B19 

Roswell Park, D.D. . . ■ 1807-1889 

George Bnrgess, D.D. . . . 1809-1866 

Charles Wllllnm Everest, II. A. . 1811-1877 

Harriett E. B. Stowe . . • 1812 

Christopher Christian Cox, M.n. . 1816-1882 

John Williams, D.D. . . . 1811 

Arthur Cleveland Coxe, D.D. ♦ 1818 

Edward A. Washburn. D.D. . 1819-1881 

Frederick D. Uunlington, D.D. . IBIS 

KUia Scndder .... 1811 


Samson Occom . 
Samuel Davli-s 
Thomas Hastings, Mus, Doc 
Joslab Hopkins, D.D. . 
Heiiry Mills, D.D. 
Nathan 8. S. Beman, D.D. 
Dartd Nelson, M.D. 
Jane L. Gray 
James W. Alessnder, D.D. 
Biwin F. Hatfield, D.D. 
Joseph A. Alexander, D.D. 
Alfred A. WoodhulL D.D. 
DeoosLus Dutton, Jun. 
Thomas Mackcllar 
George Duflield, Jan., D.D. 
Elisabeth Lee Smith . 
Elisabeth Prentiss 
Kohert Morris, LL.D. . 
Philip Schaff, D.D. 
Ansou D. F. Randolph . 
Aaron Robarla Wolfe . 
Charles B. Bobluson. D.D. 
Hervey Doddridge Ganse 
Catherine H. Johnson. 

1. Oontregathmaliata. 

Hatha Hyles,D.D. 
Nathan Strong. D.D. . 
Timothy Dwlgbt, D.D. , 
Joel Burlow . 
Phcebe Hinsdsle Brown. 
Asahel Nettleton, D.D. 
William Allen, DJJ. . 
Charles Jenkins , 
Thomas H. Gallandet, LL.D. 
Krnma C. Williams 
Leonard Withtngton, D.i). 
EleasarT. Filch, D.D. . 
Augustus L. Hillhuuse 
William Slitchell. 
William B. Tappan . 
John G. C. Braliterd . 
Joseph Steward . . 
Abby Bradley Hyde 
Thomas C. Upbani, D.D. 
Jnred B. Walerbury, D.D. 
William Cutter . 
Leonard Bacon, D,J>. . 
Nehemlah Adams. 
George Barrell CheeYer, D.D, 
Ray Palmer, D.D. 
D.LUlel C. Coles worthy . 
Russell SturglaCuok . ( 
Ellas Nason , 
George N. Allen . 
Samuel Wolcott, D.D. . 
Charles Beecher . , 
Zacbary Eddy, D.D. ' . 
Mary lorrey 
James Henry Bancroft , 
Leonard flwain, D.D. 
Henry Martyn Dexter. D.D. 
Jeremiah rl. rUnkin,D.D, 
Horatio 11. Palmer, Mus. Doc, 

. 1713-1)91 

. 1123-1761 

, 1184-1813 

. 1788-1802 

. 1186-1887 

. 1796-1871 

. 1 103-1841 

. 17*6-1871 

. 1804-1859 

, 1807-1883 

, 1809-1 8M 

. 1810-1 BSS 
cir. 1810-1832 

. 1813 

. 1810 

, 1S1T 

, 1818-1878 


. IBM 

. 1830 

. 1911 

. 1829 

, 1811 

. 1186-1188 

. 1718-181* 

. 1761-1817 

, 1754-1811 

. 1783-1801 

, 1183-1813 

, 1781-1 8«8 

, 1798 

, 17B1-1B61 

. 1 787-1 870 

, 1789 

. 1791-1 B71 

. 1792-1860 

, 1793-1867 

. 1781-1918 

. 1796-1838. 
dr. 1790 

. 1719-1371 

. 1 799-1 9 72 

. 1799-1 870 

. 1801-1891 

. 1902-1941 

, 1900 

. IBM 

. 1808 

. 1810 

. lau-iesi 

, 1911 

. 1912-lHll 

. 1913-1880 

. 1916 

. 18IS 

. 1917-1B69 

. 1819-1944 

. 1821-1860 

. 1821 

, 1818 

. 1834 

Philip Bliss . 
Caroline L. Smith . 
Thomaa Baldwin, D.D. 
John Leland , 

Oliver Holden 
Robert T. Daniel . 
Adonlram Judson, DJ> 
Lydia, Slgoumey . 
Benjamin Cleveland 
Joseph Belcher, D.D. 
Nathaniel Colver, D.D. 
Jamea Davis Knowlss 
Sarah B. Judsnn . 
John Newton Brown, D J>. 
George Barton Joe, DJ> 
Samuel F. Smith. D.D. 
Lydia Baxter 
Robert Tumbull, D.D, 
Henry S. Washburn 
Bewell S. Cutting, D.D. 
Sidney Dyer 
Jacob B. Scott . 
Edmund Tumey, D.D. 
SylvanuB D. Phelps, D.D. 
James N. Wlnchell 
Maria P. Anderson 
Basil Manly, Jun„ DJ>. 
William McDonald 
Edwin T. Winkler, D.D. 
Robert Lowiy, D.D 
Enoch W. Freeman 
Christopher B. Blackall, U.D. 
W. H. Drtone 
Joseph Henry Gllmore 
Stephen P. Hill . 
Gnrdon Robins 
II. C. Ayrea . 
Will. E. Witter . 
Mary Ann Baker. 
EL A. Collins. 


Hannah Flogg Gould . 
George Perkins Morris . 
'ITwmas H. Stockton, D.D. 
annuel T. Harmer 
William Hunter, D.D. . 
David Creamer . 
Thomas 0. Summers D.D. 
FJvlna M. Hall . 
Famiy J. Van Alstyne . 
Robert A. West . 
Harriett A. PhiUipj . 

Jamea Freeman, D.D. 
George Bichnrd» . 
Hosea Ballon 
Abner Kneelalid , 
John Greenleaf Adams 
Edwin Hubbell Chapiti, D.D. 
J. H. Hanaford 

John Qulncey Adama * 
James Flint, DJJ. 
John PLerpont . • 
Andrews Norton, D.D. . 
Elian Lee Follen . 
Sarah White Llvennore 
Samuel Gilman, D.D. . 
Nathaniel L. Fruthlnghom. D. 
Henry Ware, Jnn^ D.D. 
Caroline Gilman . 
William Oullen Bryant . 
Willfnm B.O. Fenboily.D.D. 
WlUlam H. Fnmess, D.D. 
Ralph Waldo Emerson . 
Thomas Gray, Jun.. M.D. 
William P. Lunt,D.D. . 
Frederick H. Hedge, D-D. 
Henry W. l/mefellow . 
Sarah E. Miles . 
Stephen Q. Bulflncb, D.D. 
Oliver W. Holmes, M.D, 
Edmund H, Seat*, D.D. . 
Sarah M. Marchess Osaoli 
Theodore Parker . . > 
Chandler Bobbins, D.D. 
James F. Clarke, D.D, . 
Ablel Abbot Llvennore 

. 1838-1878 

cir. 1862 
. 1763-1816 
. 1764-1911 
. 1786-1844 
. 1713-18 tO 
. 17BS-1BS0 
. 1701-1883 

Cir. 1101- 
. 1 701-1 869 
. 1791-1810 
. 1T99-1038 
. 1903-1846 
. 1803-1888 
. 1800-1871 
. 1808 
, 1800-1974 
. 181 0-1817 
. 1813 
. 1813-1983 
. 1814 

Cir. 1816-1881 
. 1811-1B71 
. 1810 

elr. 1819 
. 1819 

elr. 1820 
. 1830 
. 1813 
. 1910 

dr. 1820 
. 1830 
. 1831 
. 1831 

cir. 18116 
. 1813-1893 

Cir. 1849 
. 1861 

. 1789-1806 

. 1882-1804 

. 1808-1868 

. 1800 

. 1811-1871 

. 1812 

. 1813-1883 

. 1B18 

. 1823 

cir. 1819 

. 1808 


1 760-1 B16 






11 70-1 BOS 













1903-1 Kit 
















Hubert Cuale Waiereton 
William H. Burl igh 
loot* Very . 
Chalet Timothy Brooks 
Lney it Akormaa. 
Samuel Longfellow 
Jameo RturtU Lowell 
Hamuel Johnson , 
OclsTlus B. Frothtngbam 
toward Everett Halo 
Tbomaa W. HlrpnsoD 
WflHua H. Hulbert 
William J. Lorlng-, 
Josepb P, Bartrum- 

t> Bsretmad Jhtteh. 

George W. Betbune, D.D. 


Alexander It. Thompson, D,D. 

9, amiu Bcftanwd. 

Edwin H.tfevln, D.D, . 
Heiuy Hutwugli, D.D. , 

10. Virion* 

Heniy AUlne . 

Samuel J. Smith . 

Lucliu M. Sargent 

William KoffliU . 

Jamas GUnorne Lyons, LL.D, 

Xraitua C. Benedict, LL.D. . 

Charles Dexter Cleveland, LL.D. 

John Greenleaf Wllltler 


William ». Clark 

Mary 8. B. Sblndler (Bum) , 

Alice Gary .... 

Anns Warner . . • 

Fhffibe dry .... 

Robinson Porter Dunn, D.D. 

Lucy lArcom . . 

Graoe Webster Hinsdale 

Emily Miller 

Annie Hawks 

Caroline W. Sewall Tor SewwdJ 

Margaret Bltmbeth Wlnalow 

Iseee Beterler Woodbury . 

Emma Campbell . . 

Frances Mace 

Harriet UcEwan Kimball 

Ellen E. Gates, 











, 11*8-1*81 
. Ill 1-1835 

. 1»B«-18M 

. lxs-isn 

0. 1*00-1888 
. 1800-1880 
. 1 803-18(4 
. 1SW 
. 130>-1S»« 
. IB10-1S41 
. 181D 
, 1830-18T1 
C 1833 
, 1811-18)1 
. 1825-1881 
. 1838 
. 1881 
. 1813 
. 1885 
0. 1836 
. 1838 
. 1 818-1 BM 

e. ism 

. 1863 

To any one desirous of grasping the whole 
subject of American Hymnody, tlio foregoing 
pynopsis will be of value. By reading the 
various articles in the chronological order 
given, tliu rise and growth of the hyraiiologiral 
literature of the varions denominations may 
be determined, and the relative importance of 
each writer can be ascertained. 

XVI. In conclusion I would add that no- 
thing like an adequate survey of the field of 
American Hymnody has been attempted, 
within my knowledge, until now. I have 
aimed to mention every hymn of native origin 
which has come into at oil extended use, and 
to give some account of the writer of each. 
The material has been gathered from all 
quarters, and, of course, under difficulties. I 
cannot liope to have attained absolute accu- 
racy or completeness, though the effort in 
their direction has been strenuous. The limits 
assigned to the American portion of this Dic- 
tionary necessitated severe compression, and 
gave room for little beyond the dryest facts, 
names, dates, titles, and first lines. But these 
annotations when taken together con hardly 
have failed to notice any author or hymn 
whose merit has been generally or widely re- 
cognized; and they will make it apparent 
that the subject is larger thnn would be sus- 
pected by those by whom it has not been 

Acknowledgments are doe to Dr. Ruy Palmer, 
Bishop Coze, und several raoie of the authors 
here mentioned, and to the representatives of 
some now deceased ; to Dr. B. D. Hitolicook, 
President of the Union Theological Seminary, 
New York; to the late Dr. E. P. Hatfield 
of New York ; to Mr. Hubert P. Main, of the 
firm of Btglow and Main ; to David Creamer, 
Esq., of Baltimore, the pioneer of hynmnlogy 
in America; and to others, for help kindly 
given in the preparation of these Notes, and 
mo Annotations on American hymns and 
hymn-writers throughout this Dictionary. 

[P. M. B.] 

Amidst the cheerful bloom of youth. 

[Youth for God.] An anonymous hymn in 
the American Presb. Ps. & Hut., 1843, and 
the American Presb. P*. A Rye. for the Worship 
of Ood, Biohmond, 1867, In S st of 4 1. 

Amidst the mighty, where in he. 
John Morton. [Crott and Consolation.] 1st 
appeared as No. 29 in the Draft Scottish 
Trcaalatwm and Paraphrase*, 1781, as a ver- 
sion of Lara, iii 37-40, in 1st of 4 lines. The 
only variation in the public worship edition 
issued in that year by the Ch. of Scotland and 
still in rise is from pine to clothe! in st. iL, 1, 2, 
In the markings by the eldest daughter of 
W. Cameron (q..v.) ascribed to Moriaan. From 
the 1781 it has passed into a few modern 
hymnals, and is included as No. 286 in Ken- 
nedy, 1863, slightly altered. [J. M.] 

Amidst Thy wrath, remember love, 
I. WaO». [Ps. iwwtrffi.] 1st pub. in his 
Psalms of David, 1719, in 10 st. of 4 1„ with 
the title "Guilt of Conscience and Belief; 
or Bepentauce and Prayer for Pardon and 
Health." Various arrangements of stanzas 
ore given in modern hymnals, no collection 
repeating it in its full form. In America it is 
generally known as " Amid Thy wrath," ftc. 

Amidst us our Beloved stands, C, 

H. 8pwrgeon. {Holy Communion.] Written for 
and 1st pub. in his O. O. H. BU. 1866. It is 
in one or two American collections. 

Amilie Jaliane. [Emili* Julian.,] 

Among the deepest shades of night, 
Ann Gilbert, nee Taylor. J_A ChUoVt Hymn j 
Appeared in Hymnt for Infant Minds, by J. 
and A. Taylor, 1810, in 5 st. of 4 1., and en- 
titled " Thon God seest me." It is found in 
various collections for children. Orig. text 
in Stevenson's H. for Ch. and Home, witli " to 
hell " for " t» hell," st. iv., 1. 1. It is some- 
times given as " Amimgtt the deepest shades." 

Amplest grace with Thee I find. A. 
M. Toptady. [Christina*.] 1st pub. in his 
Poem* on Sacred Subject*, Dublin, 1759, 
pp. 73-4, in 8 st. of 41., and beaded "On the 
Birth of Christ" Although not in C. U. in 
G. Britain, It has passed into a few American 
collections, and usually in an abbreviated 
form. Orig. text in Sedgwick's reprint of 
Toplsdy's P. WorJct, Lend., 1860. 

[W. T. &] 



'Avaa-ratreoK ^(lipa. This id the first 
of eight Odea which form the great hymn 
commonly known as " The Golden Canon, or 
The Queen of Cftnons,*'of St. John of Damascus. 
The Odes alternate with those of St. Cosmos 
in the Greek Office for Easter Day in tho 
Penteeoitarion, and each is sung in order in 
the service as appointed therein. The date 
of its composition was probably the miUdlo of 
the eighth century, St. John having died about 
a.d. 780. The design of tho series of Odes 
whicli constitute tho Canon is to let forth the 
fact of the Resurrection, its fulfilment of an- 
cient types and figures and prophecies, and 
tho benefits which it has brought to mankind; 
out of which arises the call for praise and 
thanksgiving. This is accomplished in tho 
following manner: — 

Ode i. Tho fact of the Resurrection ; a new Passover; 
therefore rejoice. Iii. This jg the New Kiver from the 
Hock: and the New Light, iv. This Is the Salvation 
Been by Habakkuk, the male that opens the womb, the 

Erling Lamb, tho Antitype of tho ark; therefore, re- 
ft, v. He is Risen, bring praises, net ointments ; 
te to meet the Bridegroom, vi. He has broken from 
Hades, and with It baa brought freedom to man. vil. lie 
came from the Bery furnace like the Holy Throe, the 
HolyTYumen found Him, therefore keep the Festival, 
viil. Yea, on this mum of praise, taste the vine's new 
fruit, and keep the Festival. Ix. Ariac, shine ! praise 
Him, thou Now Jerusalem, He Is ours to tho end; wo 
therefore praise Thee, "O Christ, our Fascka." 

Although a complete Greek Canon consists 
of nine Odes, only eight oro given in this 
Canon for Easter, and in other Canons of the 
great Festivals. By » rigid rulo the Odes 
must follow tho onler and keynote of nine 
Scripture Cnnticles, one, for exumplo, being 
the Benedicite, and another Jonah's prayer. 
No. it Canticle is of a severe and threatening 
character, and is therefore omitted from Fes- 
tival Canons, Hence the omission of an Ode 
linsoJ thereupon in this Canon for Easter; 
and why (as in tho Canon for Christmas Day) 
Odo ii. is also missing. (Sec Greek Hymnody, 
§ xvi. 11, and Xpurrbs tcwbtik for tho series 
of Canticles.) 

The completo Office^ is sung jn tho Greek 
Church every Easter Day, wbb included by 
Dr. Littledalo in his Offices from the Service 
Books of the Holy Eastern Church, 1863, 
pp. 86-8(7, together with a literal tr., pp. 209- 
224. Tho Canon is also found in the AbM 
Migne's Fairologia, torn. xciv. p. 839. Dr. 
Neale introduces his tr. in his Eye. of the 
Eastern Church with the quotation of a most 
striking and eloquent description of an Easter 
morning in Athens, when, with great rejoioing, 
this Canon is sung : — 

" As midnight approached, the Archbishop, with bis 
priests, accompanied by the King and ljuccn, left the 
church, and stationed themselves on the platform, which 
was raised considerably from the ground, so that they 
were distinctly seen by the people. Everyone now 
remained in breathless expectation, holding their un- 
llgbted tapers In readiness when the glad moment should 
arrive, while the priests still continued murmuring 
their melancholy chant In a low hair-whisper. Suddenly 
a single report of a cannon announced that twelve 
o'clock had struck, and that Easter day had began ; 
thcu the old Archbishop, elevating the cross, exrlaimed 
in a load exulting tone, ' Cbfit tot anesfi, Christ is risen 1' 
and instantly every single individual of all that host 
took up tiie cry, and the vast multitude broke through 
and dispelled for ever the Intense and mournful silence 
which they hid maintained so long, with one spon- 
taneous shout of indescribable Joy and triumph, ' Christ 


is risen! Christ is risen!' At the saule moment, the 
oppressive darkness was succeeded by a blaze oi light 
from thousands of tapers, which, communicating one 
from another, seemed to send streams of Are in all 
directions, rendering Ihe minutest objects distinctly 
visible, and casting the most vivid glow on the expres- 
sive faces, Hill of exultation, of the rejoicing crowd; 
hands of music struck up their gayest strains ; the roll 
of the drum through the town, and farther on the peal- 
ing of the cannon announced far and near these ' glad 
tidings of great joy ' ; while from hill and plain, from 
the seashore and the far olive grove, rocket afier rocket 
ascending to the clear sky, answered back with their 
mute eloquence, that Christ is risen Indeed, and told of 
other tongues that were repeating thore blessed words, and 
otlier hearts that leapt for Joy ; everywhere men olasped 
each other's bands, and congratulated one another, and 
embraced with countenances beaming with; delight, as 
though to each one separately eoms wonderful happiness 
had been proclaimed ; — and so In truth it was;— «hd all 
the while, rising above tbs mingling of many sounds, 
each one of which was a sound or gladness, the aged 
priests were distinctly heard chanting forth a glorious 
old hymn of victory in tones so loud and clear, that 
they seemed to liave regained their youth and strength 
to tell the world how 'Christ is risen from the dead, 
having trampled death beneath His feet, ami henceforth 
the entomb'd have everlasting life.'" 

Mr. Hatherley, in his annotated and musical 
edition of tho Bys. of the Eastern Church, IBS!!, 
has pointed out that this writer was wrong in 
regarding this Canon as the "glorious old 
hymn of victory." The glorious old hymn in 
one stanza is : Xpitrrhs AreVnj Ik vtKpuir 
(Littledale, p. 87), which Dr. Littledalo lias 
rendered ; — 

** Christ has risen from the dead, , 
Death by death down doth He tread. 
And on those within the tombs 
He bestoweth life." (p. am.) 

It is after this has been repeated several times, 
and certain ceremonies areperforraod, that the 
great Canon of St. John of Damascus is sung, 
Tho eight Odes of this Canon, tho first of 
which has token a permanent position in the 
hymnals of most English-speaking countries, 

Odo L 'Aranrito-twi ^pipa. 'Tig the day of 
Seaumetion, By J, it, JXcale ill Ifys. of ihe E. 
Church, 1862, p, 42, in 3 st. of 8 i. (M ed. 
p. 38). It was iirst pub. as st hymn for congrega- 
tional use hi the Parish If >/mri Book, 18G3, No. 52, 
beginning, " The Day of Resurrection." From 
that date it grew in general esteem and has been 
extensively adopted, sometimes with the opening 
line as above, and again as by Dr. Neale. Orig. 
tr. in II. E. Church, p. 42. Blank verse tr. in Dr. 
Littledale's Offices, $c, p. 211. The break in tho 
refrain, st. iii., is copied from tho original. 

Ode iii, Atvrf xS/ia ititrfuv, dome mid let 
mt drink of that Vew Hive*. By J. SI. Ncale, 
from his Hys. of the E. Ck. r p. 44 ; 'also blank 
verso tr. in Dr. Ltttledale's Offices, rj-e., of the 
H, E. Ch., p. 212, 

Odo iv. 'Ert T?t flefoi duAokrir- Stand on 
thy watoh-tower, Habakkuk the Beer, By J. M. 
Neale, Bys. of the E. Ch., p. 45 ; also blank 
verse tr. in Littledale's Offices, f>c, p. 213. 

Ode v. 'Op6pltro>iiev Hpflpou £af)e'ox. Let us 
its* in early morning. By J. M. Nenle, from Hys. 
of the E. Ch., p. 46 ; also blank verse tr. in Little- 
dale's Offices, p. 214. Of Dr. Nenle's tr., st, 
i.-iii. are given us No. 266 in Wiring's Bk. of 
Common Praise, 1872, 

Ode vi, KorrpAfef if ra7s Karotrd'rQtt. Into 
the dim earth's lowest parts descending. Bv J. 


M. Ncile, Hys. of the E. Ck, p. 47; also blank 
veTse <>•■ in Littleikle's Offices, $c, p. 315, 

Ode vil. 'O TaUor &r Kajtivov. Who from 
the fleiy faraaoe wind the Three. IJy J, M, 
Neale, in //ys. 0/ the E, C, p. 48 ; also in blank 
verse in Iittlcdale's Offices. $c, p. 217. 

Ode viii. A&r»| f| Kknrfi >ad ayla ipepa. Thou 
hallewed oaoeen day ! that flrit [nm of praiae]* 
Hy J. M. Neale, in Hys. of tlte E. C/i., p. 50. 
In 18S7 it was given in tho Pcojtle's H., and, in 
187], st. ii.-iv., beginning, " Come let ns taste 
the wine's new fruit," as No. 28 in the Irvingite 
U. for tlie Use of the Churc/ics. Dr. Littledalehas 
also a ii: in blank verse in his Offices, $c, p. 218. 

Ode ix, *«rf£oir, <p&Tt£t>v, # via 'lepowrajJift. 
Thou new Jerusalem, aiits and thine. By J. M. 
Neale, in Hys. of the E. Ch., p. 52, and also in 
blank verso in Dr. LittlednU's Offices, $c., p. 319. 

Wo would add that Dr. Nealo's translations 
havenot tho exultant freedom of the original; 
and that greater use of this Canon can be mode 
than lias been done hitherto. Dr. Littledalo's 
fine blank verse translations might be turned 
into soma of the more popular measures of 
modern hytunody with advantapcand success. 
Mr. Chatterton Dix lias supplied some good 
examples in Lyra Mcssianica, 1864. (Sec 4th 
ed. of Hys. of the & Ch., Lon., Hayes, 1882, 
forreadingsin former editioniandlileral trans- 
lations of and music to ench Ode.) [J. J.] 

Anatolius, one of tho Greek hymn-writers. 
No details nro known of him. Ffoin the fact 
that he celebrates martyrs who died in the flth 
and early part of the 7th cent., it is certain 
that he is not to bo identified (ni by Neale) 
with tho patriarch who succeeded Fhwian in 
449, and afterwards procured the enactment 
of tho famous canon of tho Coancil of Glial- 
cotton, which raised Constantinople to tho 
second plneo among the patriarchal sees {Did. 
of Ch. Biog,, i, p. 110). A letter is slid to wrist 
showing that ho was a pupil of Theodore of 
the Btudium (753-826), More than a hun- 
dred hymns, all of them short ones, nro found 
in the Mentea and Octoectius. Sometimes they 
are called bVhtoA«4 trnxvpi. From this ac- 
count, derived from Anth. Grace. Carta. Christ., 
p. xli., it will bo seen that his poems cannot 
bo considered "tho wr*n0-promise''of the age 
of the Canons {Neale). A few of his hymns 
havo been translated by Dr. Neale, in his Hys. 
of ihe E. Ch., and Dr. Littlednle, in the Offset 
of the H. E, Ch. ; see £p$cp£r rpittufdat 
(" Pierce was tho wild billow ") and TV 
$/i4ptt? SicKSar ("The day is past and over ">. 

[H. h. B.] 

Ancient of ages t humbly bent be- 
fore Thee. Sir J. Binning. [Missions.'] 
A short hymn on behalf of missions, of more 
than usual merit. It appeared in his Hymns, 
1825, in 2 st. of 7 1. In Miss Courtanld's 
Unitarian I'*., Hys. and ^»irteins,Lond.,1860, 
it is given as No. 10. 

And am I born to die? C. Wesley. 
[Death and Eternity.'), 1st pub. in bis Hymns 
for Children, 1763, No. 50, in 6 st. of 8 1. J. 
Wesley included it in tho 1780 ed. of tho Wes. 
II. Bk. nud it is retained in the rovised ed. of 



1875. From the Wen. II. Bh. it has passed 
into numorotis hymnals both in G, Britain and 
America, and sometimes in an abbreviated 
form. Orig. text, P. Works, 1868-72, vol, vi. 
p. 42a. 

And am I only born to die ? [C. 

WexUy. [Death and Eternity.'] This hymn, 
similar in character to the abovo, appeared in 
the same work— Hymns /or Children, 1763, in 
G st. of 6 1, In 1780 it was included in tho 
Wes, H. Bh. and from thence it has passed 
into nil the collections of the Methodist fxxJios, 
and several othoi-s,iu G. Britain and America. 
Stevenson gives some interesting details of 
circumstances attending the singing of this 
hymn, iu bis Meth. H. lik. Nntes, 18&a, p. 54. 
Orig. text in P. Works of /. * C. Wesley, 
1866-72, vol. vi. p. 432. 

And are our joys ao quickly fiedP 
C. Wesley. [Christ walkino, on the sea,! A long 
hymn of 14 st. of G 1., on St. Matt. xiv. 23-33. 
(Christ and Peter.) 1st pub, iu Hymns and 
Sacred Poems, 1749, under tho heading " Tho 
Tempest." In its full form it is unknown to 
(ho collections ; but a cento, " Oft when tbo 
waves of passion rise," was given in tho Leeds 
H. Bh., 1853, No, 201, and repeated in various 
hymnals, including Bapt Ps. & Hys,, 1858; 
Sir J. Mason's Orphanage If. Bh., and others. 
It is composed of at. iv., v., vii, viii., xiv., 
slightly altered. Orig. text in P. Works, 
1808-72, vol. iv. p, 434. 

And are we now brought near to 
God, P. Doddridge, [Nearness to God.] Ill 
tho "n. ires," this hymn is undated, and tho 
text diners from that pub, by J. Ortou in Dod- 
dridge's, Hymns, 1755, but whether tho altera- 
tions were by Doddridge or Ortou cannot bo 
determined. The hymn is in 5 st. of 4 1, and 
entitled, " Nearness to God thro' Christ" In 
1839, it was republished by J. Doddridge 
Humphreys, in Scripture Hymns, by the Rev. 
Philip Doddridge, D.D., new and corrected ed. 
The hymn in full is not in C. U, ; but a cento, 
composed of st, i., ii. of tho 1755 text, and 
two additional stanzas, based upon Doddridge's 
hymn, "High let us swell our tuneful notes" 
(q. v.), is in somewhat extensive use in America, 
It appeared in tho Amor, Prayer Bk. Coll., 
1826, No. 95, and from thence passed into later 
hymnals, including tho Hymnal of the Prat. 
Episco. Chureli, 1871. 

And are we wretches yet alive ? I. 
Watts. [Lent.] This eomewhat uncommon 
and strongly worded hymn has passed out of 
Tiso in G. Britain, but is still found in several 
modem American hymn-books of importance. 
It appeared in Watts's Hys. and 8. Song*, 
1707, Bk. ii., No. 105, in 5 st of 4 1., and en- 
titled, " Repentance flowing from the patience 
of God." 

And are we yet alive? G. Wesley. 
[Meeting of Friends."] From his Hymns and 
Sacred Poems, 1749, vol. ii., No. 236, in 4 st. 
of 8 1., and entitled, "At Meeting of Friends.'' 
The 3rd st. is usually omitted, as in the 1780 
ed. of tho Wes. H. Bk., and the revised rd„ 
1875, It is commonly used as the opening 



hymn of tl:o Wesleyan Cunfcrrnco. In nil 
English-speaking countries it U a favour* 
ite hymn with the Methodist bodies, and iu 
America especially it is included in the willee- 
lions of various denominations. Orig. text, 
P. Work*, 18G8-72, vol. v. p 466. 

And art Thou, gracious Master, 
gone? T. Kelly. [Reproach of the Crow.) 
1st pub. in the 1st id. of his Hymns, Ac, 
1804, p. 26, in 5 st. of 6 1„ as the first of a 
series of hymns on the " Reproach of the 
Cross." It is also found in all subsequent 
cds. of the same work. In 1812, Dr. Collyer 
gave it in his 8el. ; it was repeated by Mont- 
gomery in his Christ. Psalmist, 1825 ; and by 
Bickersteth in the Christ. Psalmody, 1833, thus 
coming; into C. U. The hymn, » Shall I to 
gain the world's applause," is a cento there- 
from, composed of 11. 1-1 of st. ii., iv. and iii., 
iu the order named and slightly altered. This 
cento in l. m. appeared in Nettloton's (Amer.) 
Vfflag* Hymns, 1824, No. 411, and from thence 
lias passed into a few American collections. 

And art thou with us, gracious 
LordP P. Doddridge. [In, trouble.'] Not 
in tlio "n. mss." and 1st pub. in J. Orion's 
ed. of his Hymns, *e., 1755, No. 38, in 5 st. 
of 4 1., with the heading, " Tho timorous Saint 
encouraged by tho Assurance of the Divine 
Presence and Help. Is. xli. 10." The same 
text was repeated in J. D. Humphreys's ed. of 
Doddridge's Hymns, 1839. Ite use is limited, 
and in Spurgeon's O. 0. H. Bk., st. ii. is 
omitted. In a few collections, including Lant 
Carpenter's Unitarian B. Bk., Bristol, 1831, 
and others, a cento is given as, " Art thou 
still with us, gracious Lord f" It is composed 
of st. L, ii., and iv., slightly altered. 

Arid can it be that I should gain. 
C. Wesley. [Thanksgiving for Salvation.] 
Written at Little Britain, in May, 171-18, toge- 
ther with the hymn, " Where ahull my won- 
dering soul begin?" on the occasion of tho 
great spiritual change which C. Wesley at that 
time underwent. His diary of that dato gives 
minute details of the mental and spiritual 
struggles through which he passed, evidences 
of which, and the ultimnte triumph, are clearly 
traceable in both hymns. It was 1st pub. in 
J. Wesley's Pit. and Hymns, 1738, and again in 
Hymns and Sacred Poems, 1739, p. 117, in 6 st. 
of 6 1. When inoladed in the Wes. H. Bit., 
1780, st.v. was omitted, the same arrangement 
being retained in the revised ed. 1875, No. 201. 
It has passed from that hymnal into nume- 
rous collections in G. Britain, and most 
English-speaking countries. Stevenson's note 
on this hymn, dealing with the spiritual bene- 
fits it has ronferred on many, is fall and in- 
teresting (Meih. H. Bk. Note*, p. 155). Orig, 
text in P. Works, 1868-72, vol. i. p. 105. 

And can my heart aspire so high. 
Anne Steele. [Submission.'} 1st pub. m her 
Poems, <te., new ed„ 1780, vol. in. p. 132, in 
4 st. of 4 1., headedj " Filial Submission," and 
based on Heb. iii. 7. It was included in 
Sedgwick's reprint of her Hymns, 1863, p. 147, 
Its nse is mainly confined to American collec- 
tions of various denominations. 


And did tho Holy and the Just Anne 

Steele. [Jiofcrnpf ion.] A wore than usually 
successful hymu by this writer. It appeared 
iu her Poems, <tc„ 1760 and 1780, vol. i. p. 175, 
in 6 st. of 4 1., entitled, " The wonders of Be- 
demption." It is based on 1 Fet. iii. IS. It was 
also included in Sedgwick's reprint of her 
Hymtu, 1863, p. 108. It was flint brought 
into C. U. by Ash and Eviius in their Bapt. 
Bristol Coll., 1763. Its use in G. Britain is 
limited, but in Amoriea it is found in many 

And did the Son of God appear, 

J. Montgomery. [Christ our Pattern.] This 
hymn was written for J. H. Gurney's Coll. of 
Bys., Lutterworth, 1838, No. 7. Respecting 
it 'Jumey says in the Preface, " Ouo hymn, 
No. 7, in this collection, written upon a sub- 
ject suggested to him [Montgomery! by the 
Editor, has never before been published." 
This hymn was repeated in the Mary-lo-bone 
Ft. & Hys*, 1851, and in Montgomery's 
Original Hys., 1853, No. 120, in G st. of 4 1. 
Tlio title is "Christ Jesus our Pattern in 
doing and suffering." 

And dost Thou fast, and may I feast P 

J. S. B. Monsell. [Holy Commvnion~Lent,] 
1st pub. in his Hymns of Love and Praise, 
1863, in st. of 41. It is appointed for the 
1st Sun. in Lent, and bnsed on the wurds, 
M Can God furnish a table in the wilderness ? " 
Ps. Ixxviii. 19. In Alton's Supp. if., 1868 and 
1875, st. i.-iv. and vii. are given as No. 158. 

And have I, Christ, no love for Thee, 

8. Stennett. [Holy Anxiety.] Contributed to 
Rippnn's Bapt. SeX, 1787, Ho. 252, in 5 st of 
4 1. It has passed into several hymn-books. 
It is also found in his Memoir by W. Jones, 
1824. Orig. text, Spurgeon's O. O. H. Bk., 
186S, No. 640. 

And have I measured half my days ? 

C. Wesley. [Pleading for Pardon.] Appeared 
in Hymns £ Sacred Poems, 1749, vol. i., in 
16 st. of 4 1., and again in tho P. Works, 
1868-72, vol. iv. p. 322. In 1780, J. Wesley 
included sL x.-xiiL and zvi. in the Wet. n. 
Bk, as : — " God is in this and every place." 
The same is retained in all subsequent edi- 
tions of that work, and has passed into 
general use amongst the Methodist bodies, 
and also in a few American collections of 
other denominations. 

And is It so P A little while. [Death 

and Slemity.) An anonymous hymn in the 
American Tract Soc. Sung* of 7Aon, 1864, tho 
Fresh. Ps. & Hys., Richmond, 1807, and others. 

And is it true, as I am told P Amelia 
iff. Bvtt. [Child's Byrnn.] Contributed to 
Miss H. W. Soltau'a Pleasant Hymn* for Boys 
and Girls, K.D., but pub. in 1862. It consists 
of 6 st of 6 L It is usually found in an abbre- 
viated form, and sometimes with alterations. 
The hymnals which number it amongst their 
contents include the Hy. Comip., No. 421 ; 
Snepp's Songs nf ft # G„ No. S123 ; Major's 
Bk. of Fraite, &c. [_W. T. B.] 


And is my soul with Jesus oneP 
Joseph Irons. [Union with Christ.'] From his 
SXon't Songs, &a, 3rd ed., 1825, No. 191, into 
Snepp's Songs of Q. A <?., 1872, unaltered 
except in fust fine, which reads in the ori- 




' And is my soul nnd Jesus one 7" 

And is salvation brought bo near 9 
P. Doddridge. [Solvation.) Not found in 
the " d. kbs. and 1st pub. by J. Orton in his 
ed. of Doddridge's Hymns, &C, 1755, No. 262, 
in 4 st of 4 1. on Bom. x. 6-10, and repeated 
in J. D. Humphreys's ed. of the same, 1839. 

And is the gospel peace and love P 

Anne Steele. [Example of Christ.} let pub. 
in her Poem* on Subjects chiefly Devotional, 
1760-80, vol i. pp. 122-123 : and repeated in 
Sedgwick's reprint of her Hymns, Ac, 1868, 
PpTto-TG. It is in 7 st. of 4 1., and entitled, 
"The Example of Christ." In 1787 it was 
introduced into congregational use by Dr. 
Bippon, in his Bapt. Set. ofHys., No. 166. 
This was followed by the Bapt. New Set., 
1828, No. 121, and others to modern col- 
lections. In Snepp's Songs of G. <£ (?., 1872, 
No. 555, st. i., u., iii., and vi. are given un- 
altered. It is also in American use. 

And is the time approaching P Jane 
Borthwick. [Anticipation of Heaven.'] Ap- 
peared in her Thoughtful Hours, 1859, m 8 st 
of 4 1., and entitled " Anticipations." It is 
not in C. U. in G. Britain, but is found in 
several American hymnals. 

And is there in God's world so drear 
a place P John KtbU. [Itepentance.] 1st 
pub. in bis Christian Tear, 1827, in 14 st of 
8 1. and appointed for the 2nd Bun. in Lent 
The heading is . — 

" And when Eun heard tike words of his Other, he 
cried with ■ great and exceeding Utter cry, end eaid 
unto bis father, Illeaa me, even me, my father. 
Oeneele xxill. M. (Compare Hebrews xil. IT. 'He 
found no place of repentance, though he sought it care- 
fully with teara.')" 

The poem is based upon these quotations 
and is accompanied by the following note : — 

" The author earnestly hope*, that nothing; In thee* 
atansas will be understood to express any opinion aa to 
Uw general efficacy of what la called * a death-bed re- 
pentance.' Snch queetkme are beat left In the merciful 
obaenrtty with which Scripture has enveloped tbem. 
ban 1 * probation, aa far aa hie birthright waa concerned, 
wae quite over when be uttered tho cry In the teat. 
Hie despondency, tbereforej I* not parallel to anything 
on this aide of the grave." 

This poem as a whole is not in 0. U. A 
cento therefrom composed of st. i., iii ,-viii., 
was given in the GainsbuTgh Hys. for the 
Christian Seasons (1st ed., 1851), No. 116. 

And is there, Lord, a cross far me? 
3. AddiseotL [Submission.} 1st pub. in The 
New Cong. H. Bk., 1859, No. 650, and entitled 
"Take up the Gross." It is appropriated 

to the « Trials of the Christian Life." 

And is this lift prolonged to meP 
I. 'Watt*. [Decision for Christ.} Appended 
to his Sermons, 1721-24, voL iii, and later 
eds.,T0l.ii.,No.39,in6siof4L Itis based 
on his Sermon 89 on 1 Cor. iii. 23, " Whether 
Life or Death, — All ore yours," to which he 

fave the title, *' The Bight Improvement of 
ife." The hymn is not in extensive use. 
It is sometimes abbreviated. The text in the 
New Cong. No. 488, is slightly altered. 

And let our bodies part. C. Wesley. 
[Parting.] Prom Hymns & Sacred Poems, 
1749, vol. iL, No. 233, of 10 st in two parts. 
The first part, in 6 st., was included in tho 
Wes. H. Bk, 1780, and is retained in the 
revised edition, 1875, No. 535. In some 
collections a shorter version compiled from 
this is given. Orig. text, P. Work*, 1868-72, 
vol. v. p. 462. From this hymn, and another, 
a cento has been formed, " let our heart and 
mind," thus, st i.-iv., st. ii., iii. of the above, 
st. v., vi, from st. viii, and v. of " Saviour of 
sinful men " (q. v.) This is found in Bapt. Ps. 
& Hymns, 1858 and 1880. The orfgin&Iliymn 
is also found in a few American collections. 
A second cento from this hymn alone was 
given in Martineau's Hymns, Ac, 1840, and 
again in his Hyt. of Praise & Prayer, 1873, 
No. 694. It begins, " And what though now 
we part," and is composed of st. i., 1. 1^4, iii., 
iv., 1. 4-8, and yt., 1. 1-4, as in the Wet. H. Bk. 
but somewhat altered. 

And let this feeble body fail. 
C. Wesley. [Burial.] Prom his Funeral 
Hymns,nS0 (2nd Series), No. iii., in 9 st of 8 1. 
In 1830, 7 sts. were inoluded in the Supp. to 
the Wes. If. Bk. as hymn 734, and as hymn 
948 are retained in the revised ed., 1875. 
Orig. text, J'. Works, 1868-72, vol. vi. p. 218. 
In Amerioa it is used somewhat extensively, 
and by various denominations. 

And Uve X yet by power divine P 
C. Wesley. [Recovery from Sickness.] This 
hymn, in l7st, on 2 Kings xx. 1-11, was 
written in 1738 by C. "Wesley during his 
residence at Oxford, and as a thanksgiving 
after a dangerous sickness. It was pub. in 
Hymns and Sacred Poems, 1739. In 1780, the 
hymn "God of my life, what just return " was 
compiled therefrom, and included in the Wes, 
H. Bk. as No. 149. It is also found in many 
other collections, being held by the If ethodist 
bodies in much esteem. Orig.toxtinP.lrVfri, 
1868-72, vol. i. p. 74. 

And may I hope that when no more. 

Joseph Swain. [Trust in God.] Printed in 
his Walworth Byrnns, 1792, in 10 st. of 4 1 
In its full form it is not in C. U., but selec- 
tions appear in Denham's Saints' Melody, 
1837, Ac, and also in the Amer. Bapt. Praise 
Book. Orig. text in the 1869 reprint of 
Swain's Hymns. (TV. T. B,] 

And must I be to judgment brought P 
C. Wesley. [The Judgment] 1st pub. in his 
Hymns for Children, 1763, No. 33, in 8 st, of 
i f, and headed " A thought on Judgment." 
It is^not in C. V. in U. Britain, but in 
America st. i.-v. are given in the Amer. Meth. 
Episeop. Coll., 1849; the H.Bk.ofthe Evan- 
geUcal Association, Cleveland, Ohio, 1862, No. 
639, and others. Full text in P. Works, 
1868-72, vol. vt p. 401. 

And must I part with all I have ? 
B.Beddome. [Self Denial.] Given iu Bin- 



pou's Sel, 1787, No. 281, in 4 at. of 4 1. It is 
almost unknown to modern collection it in G, 
Brit., but in America it is found in several 
hymnals, including the Bap. Hy. & Tune Bk., 
1871 ; Songs for the Sanctuary, 1865 : the 
Dutch Reformed Sm. for the Church, 1869 ; 
Hatfield's Ch. H. Bk., 1872 ; and other*. In 
all of those, tile arrangement of tlie stanzas 
and tho text varies, both from each other, and 
from the original. Orig. test in modern ed. 
of Bippmi. and in It. Hull's cd. of Beddonic'a 
Hymns, 1817, No. 225, in 4 st. of 4 L 

And must this body die P I. Watt*. 
[Triumph over Death.'] 1st pub. in his 
Hymns, to., 1707, in 6 st. of 4 1. and entitled 
" Triumph over Death in hope of tho Resurrec- 
tion " (Bk. ii , No. ex.). In an altered form it 
was given by J. Wesley in his Fs. and 
Hys. pub. at Charleatown, South Carolina, in 
1736-7. It was not included ill the Wes. ff. 
Bk. in 1780, but added in the Snppl. of 1830 ; 
"Wesley's text of 1736-7 being retained, with 
atiii., 1, 1, "Andewr"for " And often " (tlie 
original reading of Watts) being omitted. In 
the revised ed. of 1875, this has again been 
abridged by the omission of the last stanza. 
The text of the Wee. H. Bk. is thus by Watts 
and J, Wesley. In other collections it is 
usually Watts unaltered. Its use in America 
is very extensive. 

And now another day Is gone, FU 
sing, &e. I. Watts. IBvening.] "An 
Eveuing Song," in 4 st. of 4 1., from his 
Divine Sonqs, &c, 1715, into a fewraodern 
collections for children, including Major's Bk. 
of Praise for Children, No. 288, and others. 

And now, *mid myriad worlds en- 
throned. Godfrey Thring. [Saturday.] 
Written in 1868, and 1st pub. in his Hymn* & 

Sacred Lyric*, 1874, pp. 19-20, and subse- 
quently in various hymnals. Authorized text, 
Thring's CoJL, 1882, No. 79. 

And now, my soul, another year. 

8. Browne. {Neat Year.'] Ill his Hymns <£ 
Spiritual Songs, &o„ 1720, Bk. i„ pp. 44-5, in 
8 Bt. of 4 1„ and entitled " New Year's Day." 
Its use ia very limited in G. Britain, bnt some- 
what extensive in America. As given in 
modern hymn-boohs it is generally in an ab- 
breviated form, as in Major's Bit. of Praise, 
No.. 293, Snepp's Songs of G. <fc Q., No. 915. 

And now the wants are told that 
brought. W. Bright. {Close of Service.] 
Written in 1865, and 1st pub. in his Hymns 
and other Poems, I860, entitled " Hymn for 
tho dose of a Service," p. 86. In 1868 it 
was republished in the Appendix to if. A. (t M,, 
with the addition of a doxology. 

And will the Sternal King. P. 

Doddridge. [Personal Dedication.'] "Written 
according to the " n. wss.," Jan. 3, 1736, and 
1st pub. by J. Orton in his ed. of Doddridge's 
Hymns, 1755, ip 3 st. of 4 1., and again in J. 
D. Humphreys's ed. of the same, 1839. Found 
iu various collections. Orig. test in Bapt. Ps. 
& Bye., 1858, No. 396, 


And will the great Sternal QodP 

j P. Doddridge. [Opening of a Place of Worship.] 

i Written for the opeuiug of a now place of 

j worship at Oiiklmm, Ill the "D. Jim." it is 

j undated. In 17J>5 it was included by J. Ortou 

: in his ed. of Doddridge's Hymns, Ac, No. 49, 

! in 6 st. of 4 ),, and repeated iu J. D. Haui- 

plireys's ml. of tho same, 1839. In 1826 it was 

embodied iu au altered form iu'the Alner. 

Prayer Bk. (htl. as. "And milt Tlum, O 

Eternai God." This arrangement, in common 

with tlie original, is in extensive use in 

America. A cento from the original is also 

given in tlie Wes. H. Bk, 1875, No, 394, sis, 

"Gre»t Rod. Thy watchful care we bless." 

It is composed of st. Hi., iv., and vi., slightly 


And wiU the Judge descend P P. 

Doddridge. [Judgment.] This hymn is not 
in the " i>. «ss " and was 1st pub. by J. 
Orion in Doddridge's Hymns, &c, 1755, No. 
189, in 7 st. of 41. It is based upon St. Mutt. 
xxv. 41, and headed " The final Sentence, and 
Misery of the Wicked," Iu its full form it is 
not usually given in the collections. The 
most popular arrangement is st. i, iv., v., vi. 
This is found hi various collections iu 
G. Britain. Its greatest use is in America, 
where it ranks in ]>opularity with the best of 
Doddridge's hymns. 

And will the Lord thus condescend P 

Anne Steele. [The Love of Christ.] 1st pub. 
in her Poems, 1760, vol. i. p. 67, in « st or 4 L, 
based oti Rev. iii. 20, arid entitled "The 
Heavenly Guest." In 1709 it was included 
in tho Bristol Bapt CWl. of Ash and Evans, 
and came thus into G. U. It was also re- 
peated in a new ed. of the Poems, 1780, and 
in Sedgwick's reprint of her Hymns, 1863, 
p. 42. At the present time its use is mainly 
confined to America, 

And wiU the majesty of heaven? 
P. Doddridge. [Condescension.] This hymn 
on Ejsek. xxxiv. 31, is in the "n. Mflsrbut 
undated. It was pub. by J. Orton in his ed. 
of Doddridge's Hymns, 4c., 1755, No. 144, in 
5 st. of 4 1., with slight differences from the 
ms. and with the MS. title of " God, tlie Shep- 
herd of Men," expanded to " God's Condescen- 
sion in becoming the Shepherd of Men." It 
was also republished in J. D, Humphreys's 
ed. of Doddridge, 1839. 

And will ye go away? S Deacon 
[Falling away from Christ.] This is No. 273 
of his Barton Hymn*, 1797. in 6 at. of 4 1, 
and in headed " A Serious Question." It was 
probably in the 1st ed. of thoso hymns, 1785, 
but this we have not been able to ascertain. 
In 1804 it was repeated, without alteration, in 
John Deacon's Netv and Large Coll. of Ps. and 
Hys. No, 461. As known in a few modern 
collections, specially amongst the Baptists, it 
is rewritten ami enlarged to 9 st. This form 
was given to it in Rippon's Sel, 27th ed., 
1827, No, 439, pt. ii„ and retains only a few 
lines of S. Deacon's text Its signature is 
" Anon., Ripporis Sel., 27th ed. 1827, bated on 
8. Deacon, 1797." 


And wilt Thou now forsake me, 
Lord P [CwtfideHee.] An anonymous bymn 
which appeared in vol. ii. (called Pte. iii. & iv.) 
of a SeL by the Countess of Northesk, entitled 
The Sfte«eri«9 Vine, 3rd thousand, 1858* A 
slightly different version is in the American 
&£ooft IT. Bfc., N.Y.,1858, No. 761, and other 
American collection*. 

And wilt Thou yet be found? C, 
Wesley. [Resignation.] 1st pub. in Uymn* 
and Soared Poem*, 1740, in 22 st of 4 1., and 
entitled " Resignation." It was repeated in 
subsequent editions of tho same, and in the 
P. Work*. 1868-72, vol. i. p. 2GG. In its full 
form it is unknown to the collectioiis, but a 
portion therefrom, consisting of st. is.-xs., and 
beginning " When shall Thy love constrain," 
was given in the Wes. H. Sk. 1780, No. 138, 
and continued in all later editions. It hag also 
passed from thence into other collections, and 
specially in those in use amongst the Methodist 
bodies. Another cento, beginning with sL x., 
*• Ah t what avails my strife," is also in limited 
uso; whilst a third, "And can I yet delay," 
opening with st xv, is given in a large iiutnoer 
of American hymnals. 

Anderson, John, s. of Andrew Ander- 
son, a miner, was b. near Yoker, Renfrew- 
shire, in 1801, and educated at tho University 
of Glasgow, and at the Divinity Hall of the 
Associate Burghers, at Perth. In 1827 he 
became the first minister of the Associate 
Burgher Church, at Helensburgh, Dumbar- 
tonshire. Tho congregation whiob ho suc- 
ceeded in gathering together passed with him 
into the communion of the Established 
Church of Scotland in 1839. In 1843, both 
minister and people made a second change, in 
joining the Free Church movement of that 
year. d. at Helensburgh, Jan. 10, 1867. . In 
the ecclesiastical controversies of his day he 
took a prominent part, specialty in the Volun- 
tary controversy, the Free Church movement, 
and the Revival of 1858. His prose works 
were somewhat numerous, and included a 
Life of Christ, 1861. He also wrote some 
poetical pieces, and translations. He is known 
to hymnoiogy as the first to publish a com- 
plete tr. of Luther's hymns as Hymn* from 
the German of Dr. Martin Lutiier, 1846. In 
1867, a shortmemoir, by John Oatt, together 
with extracts fiom his prose and poetical 
writings, appeared at Glasgow (T. Murray 
ft Son) as Note* of an InvaUd. [J, J.] 

Anderson, John, b. in 1820 at Dum- 
barnie, Perthshire, of which parish his father, 
Dr. John Anderson, was some time minister, 
and educated at the University of St. Andrew's. 
In 1841 he was licensed as a Probationer in 
the Sootoh Church, and subsequently was 
appointed to St. John's parish, Dundee ; the 
East Church, Perth, 1849 ; and Kinnoul, 1S53. 
He has pub. The Pleasures of Home ; The Le- 
gend of GUncoe ; and Bible Incidents and their 
Lessons, 1861. 

Anderson, Maria Frances, b. in Paris, 
Franee, Jan. 30, 1819, and married to G. W. 
Anderson, Professor in the University of Lewis- 
burg, Pennsylvania. Two of her hymns are 



given in the BaptUl Harp, 1849. Of these .— 
" Our country's voice is pleading," lias come 
into C. U. fjF. M. B.] 

AndreS, Jobann Valentin, son of Jo- 
hannes Andrea, afterwards Prelate of KSnigs- 
bronn, b. Aug. 17, 1586, at Herrenberg in 
Wurttemberg. After completing his Univer- 
sity studies, and acting for some time as a 
travelling tutor, ho was, in 1614, appointed 
diaoonua at Yaihingen, in 16*20 Deoan at 
Calw, in 1639 Court-preacher at Stuttgart, in 
1650 Prelate of Bebenh&useu, and in March, 
1654, Prehtte of Adelberg with his residence 
in Btuttgart ; d. at Stuttgart, June 27, 1654. 
Distinguished as a man of high and deep piety, 
as a church reformer, as a philanthropist, and 
as a theological writer, poetry was not one of 
the serious employments of his life, though he 
was admitted in 1646 a member of the Fruit- 
bearing Society (Koeh, iii. 151-167: Attg. 
Deutsche Biog., i. 441-4471 He wrote few 
hymns, and hardly any of tnese have kept a 
place in tlie German Hymn-Books. The only 
one translated into-English is ; — 

Edele Vab, wo Mst « gar bei uas vmtttkst. 

[Love forgotten,'] Fir«t pub. in his QeiaUiehe 
Kurtzweil, Strassburg, 1619, p. 193, in 10 st. of 
6 1. — a poem rather than a hymn. Zh as "Gene- 
rous Love ! why art thou hidden so on earth ! " 
by Miss Winkworth, 1869, p. 235. [J. M.] 

Andrew, St, of Jerusalem, JJbp. of 
Crete (660-782). b. at Damascus; be cm- 
braced the monastic life at Jerusalem, whence 
his name, as above. HewasdeputedbyTheo- 
dore, Patriarch of Jerusalem, to attend the 6th 
General Council at Constantinople (880). He 
was there ordained deacon,and became Warden 
of the Orphanage. "During the reign of 
Philippus Uarde&anes (711-714) lie was raised 
by that usurper to the Arohiepiscopatcof Crete; 
and shortly afterwards was one of the Pseudo- 
Synod of Constantinople, held under tbat 
Emperor's auspices in 712, which condemned 
the Sixth (Ecumenical Council and restored 
the Monothelite heresy. At a later period, 
however, he returned to tlie faith of the Church 
and refuted the error into which he bad fallen." 
(Keale). He died in the island of Hierissns, 
near Mitylene, about 732, Seventeen of his 
homilies are extant, the best, not unnaturally, 
being on Titus the bishop of Crete. He is 
the author of several Canons, Triodia, and 
Idiomeia; the most celebrated being The Great 
Oanon. [Oisdc ^rnooJv, § xvit. 1.1 Whether 
he was the earliest composer or Cauons is 
doubtful, but no earlier ones than his are 
extant Those ascribed to him are ; — 1. On 
the Conception of St. Anne ; 2. On the Na- 
tivity of the Mother of God ; 8. The Great 
Penitential Canon. 4. On the Raising of 
Lazarus. 5, 6, 7, 8. On the First Days of 
Holy Week. 9. Ou tlie 25th Feastday be- 
tween Easter and Pentecost. Fuller biogra- 

phical details is Diet Christ. Biog., vol, i, pp, 


Andrews, Lancelot. [Tdm, Jamst.] 

'AveffTJjc Tpir)fi6po>;. St. Joseph the 
Bymnographer. [Attention.] This Osnon for 



Ascension Day is found in the Penteeostarion, 
and was written abont the middle of the ninth 
century. It is commonly regarded as St. 
Joseph's greatest production, and places him 
high amongst the Greek sacred poets. Dr. 
Nealo remarks that "This is the crowning 
glory of the poet Joseph ; he has here with 
a happy boldness entered into the lists with 
St. John of Damascus, to whom, on this one 
occasion, he must be pronounced superior." 
(H. of (he E. C, 1st ed., p. 141.) The finest 
points of this Canon, such as the lower angels 
shouting to the higher as the LoTd asoends 
(Ode iii.) ; the wonder at the Human Body 
or the Lord (Ode iv.); and the rejoicing of 
angels and of nature, have their origin in the 
earlier Canons ; but their diamatio treatment 
by Joseph Is of greater majesty. In com- 
mon with all the festival CunonB it oonaists 
of eight Odes only. [Omsk Hjnuwlv, § xvi. 10, 
and xviii. 3.] These Odes are as follows: — 

Ode i. 'Aritmjt TpiJyiipoJ • 

11 After three days Thou didst rise." 

Ode lii. 'EmfpoTe *i\as • 

"Eialt, exalt, the heavenly gates." 

Ode It. 'Iijo-oCi j fwofoVjij ■ 

" Jesus, Lord of 'Life Eternal." 

Ode v. NtKftt&fBf top eirarov • 

<* Now that death by death hath found." 

Ode vi. 'Pavdraolu/ $/iip (Uejtff v * 

" Bain down, ye heav'ne, eternal bliss." 

Ode vil. turtirf) at, $»t * 

" Wafting Him up on high." 

Ode vlli Tip iv tutri t«mj oMtus • 

"Of twofold natures, Christ, the Giver." 

Ode ix. *ft t£c taptur. 

" Holy gift, surpassing comprehension 1 " 

The only tr. of this Canon into English is 
the above by Dr. Neale, which appeared in 
his Hymns of the Bottom Church, 1862. The 
oorcetioal arrangement of the original, derived 
probably from the alphabetical Psalms, and 
adopted to assist the memory, is reproduced by 
tho translator. Odes v.-ix. have not come 
into G. U. Of the rest, i. and iii. are given in 
Lyra Messkmiea, 1864 ; iii. in SohafPs Christ 
in Song, 1870; iv. in the People?*, 1867; and 
other collections. In the Hymnary, Ode iv. 
has an additional stanza by the Editors. 

In Dr. Neale's tr. the Theotokion (address 
to the B. V. M.) is omitted. Mr. Uatherley, 
in the 4th ed. of the Hymns of the Eastern 
Church, 1882, gives the various readings of 
the several editions of the work, together with 
music for each Ode. He also draws attention 
to the fact that Ode viii. is not by St Joseph, 
but by John the Monk [St. John of Damascus], 
whoso Canon for the Ascension is also in the 
Office, and is sung together with that of St. 
Joseph. [J. J.] 

Angel of God, wnate'er betide. C. 
Wesley. [Personal Consecration.'] Pnb. in 
Hymns am Sacred Poems, 1740, in 5 st. of 4 ]., 
and entitled "At setting out to preach the 
Gospel." It is not given in the We*. H. Bk., 
but st, i, ( iv., Ii. in the order named are in C. TJ, 
in America to a very limited extent, including 


the Hys. of the Spirit, Boston, 1864, No, 418. 
Orig. text in P. Works, 1868-72, vol. i. p. 204. 

Angel voices ever singing. F. Pott. 
[Choir Festival] Appeared in his Hymn* 
fitted to the Order of Common Prayer, 2nd ed., 
18G6, in 5 st. of 7 1., aud from thence has 
passed into Harland, Snepp, Thring, Church 
Hymns, and others. It is one of the author's 
most successful and popular efforts. Its origi- 
nal title it " For the Dedication of an Organ, 
or for a Meeting of Choirs," Its use has 
extended 1o AmerUa, aud other English- 
speaking countries. 

Angel voice* sweetly singing, H. 
Bonar. [Heaven.] 1st pub, in the 2nd Series 
of his Hymns of F. and Hope, 1861, in 12 st 
of 4 L As given in Snepp's S. of O. and 0., 
1872, st. ii. and vii. ore omitted. Otherwise 
it is unaltered. 

Angelica Patrone, Beats BpirltuB. 
[Guardian Angels.] This hymn, of unknown 
authorship and date, is in tho Corolla 
Hymnorum, Cologne, 1806, p. 67. Daniel gives 
it without note or comment in ii. p. 376. It is 
also found in Simroek, p. 338 ; BSssler, No. 137, 
and Others. [W. A. S.] 

Translation in C. U. :— 

Sweat Angel of tunj. By E. Cm wall. It 
appeared ia his Masqat of Mary and Other 
Poems, 1858, in 8 st. of 8 1., and m'itie H. and 
Poems, 1873, p. 180. It it given in a few Rom. 
Catholic collections for Schools and Missions. 

Angels, assist to sing. [Ps. tstiviii.] 
This version of Ps. 148 appeared in the Chris- 
tian Guardian, 18U8, with tho signature 
" Theophilus." From thence it passed into a 
few collections, including the Leeds H. Bk* 
1853, in 4 st ; Hatfield's Amer. Church H. Bk., 
1872, in 2 st (i., it) and others; but its use is 
limited. [W. T. B.] 

Angels from the realms of glory. 
J. Montgomery. [Christmas.] This hymn, 
which ranks as one of the most popular or the 
author's compositions, first appeared in his Iris 
newspaper [Sheffield], Dec 24, 1816, in 5 st. 
of 6 1„ and entitled " Nativity." In the 80k 
ed. of CotterUTs SeL, 1819, It was repeated 
without alteration, and again in the 9th ed., 
1820. On its republication by Montgomery 
in his Christian Psalmist, 1825, No. 437, the 
title was, "Good tidings of great joy to all 
people," and the following changes were 
introduced :— 

to "flocks." 
sk Iv. 1. a, •'Wetting" to « WatMng.' 
T.1.3, "repeels* to '" 

at. It. 1. % " Dock 

"a, >'Wsi 

3, "repeals 


These changes (together with the new title) 
were retained in nU Originei Hymns, 1853, 
No. 239 ; and must be regarded as the autho- 
rised text. By many compilers the closing 
stanza: — 

" Sinners, wrong with true repentance, 
Dotna'd lor guilt to endleet peine," 6& 

has been, in some instances, omitted, and in 
others a doxology has been substituted. That 
given in A Hymn Book for the Service* of the 

the Ben-bora King." 


Chunk, fte., by the Bev. I**" Gregory Smith, 
1855, reads:— 

" Lord of heaven, we idem Thee, 
God the Father, God to* Son, 
God the flphtt. One In glory, 
On the imt eternal throne. 

Lofd of biaven, Three In One." 

Another found in the SalMurg Hymn Soak, 

1857, and others, including the S. P. C. K, 
CStunA fiimm* and Taring's CoB., is :— 

"Saints and uuels Join In pMustng 
Thee; lite Father, Spirit, Sour 
Evermore theft Totee* raising 
To the eternal Time In One. 

Come ye, 
Worditp Christ, 

Of the first four stanzas a rendering into 
Latin :— " Angeli, sancta region* lncis," by 
the Bev. B. Bingham, appealed in his Bvmno. 
Cbritt. Lot, 1871, pp. 79-81. 

The use of this hymn in various forms in 
English-speaking countries is extensive, ab- 
breviation* being the rale. Amongst Ame- 
rican Hymnals, tbn JBjpnme of the Church, 
1869, and the Bopt Ptaite Bh., 1871, give the 
full revised and authorised text of 1825 and 

1858. [J. J.] 

Angels from your blissful stations, 
W. H. Bathvrtt. [The Second Advent] 
Printed in 1819 in his Metrical Muring*, 
entitled "The Second Advent," pp. 34-85. 
It is in 5 st. of 6 1, and was included un- 
altered in Snepp's 8. of 6. d O., 1872, where 
it is dated 1831 In error. [W. T. B.] 

Angaitf roll the rock away. T. Scott. 

[Be*urreetion and Ateenrion.'] Contributed to 
Ash & Evans's Bristol Baptist Ceil., 1769, as 
No. 108, where it is headed " The Besurrec- 
tion and Ascension." It is in 6 st. of 4 ]., 
each st being followed by ** Hallelujah," and 
is signed " G.," the signature of Thomas Gib- 
bon*; in the 2nd ed. it was signed " TJ," i,e. 
" unknown," but in later editions, the 8rd, 
1778, the signature was Dr. 8., and the 5th 
1786, Dr. So— ft In this form it passed 
through Bippon's Bapt. Set., 1787, into C. TJ. 
both in Q. Britain and America, and these sts., 
more or less altered, axe still in extensive use. 
In 1773, T. Scott republished the hymn in 
his Lyric Poems, Ac,, as No. 14, with a new 
first verse, 

" Trembling earth gave awful sign," 

and the " Hallelujah " following each line of 
the lstst.,and with several alterations. Sot- 
field (Amer.) follows this 1778 test. 

In 1775, Dr. Thomas Gibbons sent on 
altered version of the hymn to the GotpA 
Mag., where it appeared in the Sept. number 
in 9 st. of 4 1. This with further alterations 
was included in 1784 in his Synmt adapted 
to Divine Wonhip, as No. 60, where he notes it 
hb — " Altered and enlarged from an H in 
Messrs. Asii & Evans's OoL, p. 109." The 
confusion which has arisen respecting the 
authorship of this hymn is thus accounted 
for. Its use in one or another of its various 
forms is very extensive, and especially in 
America. An altered form of st i., iv. t and v. 
has been rendered into Latin — " Angeli, 


ropem lemovete ; magnam," by the Bev. B, 
Bingham, and pub. in his HymnoL, CkrUt, 
Lot* 1871, p. 109. Aa Scott's original text 
is most difficult to acquire, we reprint it from 
the 1769 ed, of A*h &Bwn*i— 

"HnHCTi. Ptadta? Mature." 
" I*e JtemrrecMm oad Atcauttm." 
"Angel*, toll the Book away, 

Death, yield up thy might; Prey. 

Seel He rates from the Tomb, 

Slowing with Immortal Bloom. 
'■ HalleUvMh. 

"Tie the Saviour. Angela ralas 
Fune'i eternal Tramp of Fralae t 
~ " 'i remotest! 

Let the Earth's i 
Hear the Jcy-iniptring Sound. 

"Now ye Saints, lift np your Ryes 

Now to Glory see Hhn rise. 

In long Triumph up the Sky, 

Up to welting worlds on high. 
" Hallelujah. 
" Heaven displays her Portals wide, 

Glorfows Hint, thnmgh them ride ; 

King of Glory, mount Thy Throne, 

Thy great Father's and Thy Own. 

* Praise Him ell ye heavenly Cbolra, 
Praise, and sweep your golden Lyrea ; 
Shoot, Bartli, In mptniwie Bong, 
Let the Strains he sweet and strong. 
" Every Note with Wonder swell. 
Bin o erthrown, and captlv'd Hell i 
Where is Hell'i once dreaded King t 
Where, Death, thy mortal Sting r 

[W. T. B.] 

Angela round the throne are prais- 
ing. Elitabeih Parson. [PraiteJ] A beauti- 
ful liymn of praise for children. It is No. 
xvii. of her WUling-Clait Hymnt, written in 
1840-44, and afterwards pnntod for private 

Angela that high in glory dwell 
J. Wail*. [Agaimt Swearing, dc."] 1st pub. 
in his Divine Song* for Children, 1715, in 6 st. 
of 4 ]., and entitled "Against swearing and 
cursing, and taking God's name in vain." Its 
modern use is limited, and In the Meth. F. C. 
S. S. E. BK No. 228, it is slightly altered. 

Angela where'er we go attend. 
C TParfejf. [Mtnittry of Angel*.'] IVo centos 
beginning with this stanza are in C. V. as fol- 
lows: (1) Mercer, Ox. ed. App. 1873, No. 532 
ThiB is compiled fiom the hymn "Which of 
the petty Kings of earth," by.C. Wesley, which 
was included from his MSB. in Dr. Leifehild's 
Oritu Htnrme, 1842, in 12 st. of 4 I., and again 
in the P. Work* of J. & C. Wedey, 1868-72, 
vol. xiii. pp. 118-119, in 6 st. of 8 1., and 
based on Heb. i. 14. The arrangement in 
Mercer is — st i. is Wesley ill., 1, 1-4; ii. is 
Wesley L, 1. 5-8; iii. and iv. are Wesley 
v. ; and v. and vi. are Wesley vi. (2) The 
second cento is in the American Dutch Re- 
formed .Hot. of the Church, 2?. Y. 1869, thua ; 
at. i. and ii., as in Merecr, slightly altered ; iii. 
is Wesley i., 1. 1-4 ; and iv. is lines 5-8 of si vi. 
of Wesley's hymn, "Ye simple souls that 
stray." (q. v.) 1747. 

Angelua Bilesiua. [Bcheflsr, Tthaaa.] 



Anima Christi sanctifies, me. [Holy 
Cfomntunion.'] The author of this hymn is 
unknown, and the earliest date to which it 
has been assigned is the 14th cent. It is 
found in the very rare -Retires a Linage de 
Lent/ret. InvprimeT a Troues efcez Jean le Coq, 
without year or pagination. It is also in 
the Horttilas Animas, Lyons, 1516; and 
1519; Itatnbach, i. p. 360, and Daniel, i, No. 

In the last it is included among the hymns 
■written by unknown authors, before the 16th 
cent., and not inserted by authority in the 
Offices of any Breviary or Missal. Daniel 
also gives an additional intercession from the 
Lengres Hours, which has been ascribed to 
Ignatius de Loyola. As he was born in 1491, 
and did not embrace a religious life until 1521, 
this ascription is certainly an error. 

Translations in C. U. : — 

1. Prose iet, of both forms as in Daniel arc 
given in many Roman and Anglican books of 
devotion. Of the first form there is : — " Soul of 
Christ, sanctifyme,"mthe Treasury of Devotion, 
18(59, p. 6; and of the second, with the same 
first line, in Shipley's Divine Liturgy, 4th ed., 
187S, p. 1. 

t, Sonl of Jesus, make me holy. This Is a 
metrical paraphrase and expansion of the origi- 
nal in €0 lines. It appeared anonymously in 
the Old Porch, April, 1855, and passed through 
the Lyra Eueharisttea, 1863, p. 106, into a few 
Roman Catholic Collections for Schools and Mis- 
sions, but usually in an abbreviated form. Given 
in the Irvingifce Hys.for the Use of the Churches, 
2nd ed., 1871, No. 301, as " Heart of Jesus, make 
me holy," and is there attributed to " J. W. 
Chadwick." Chndwick's, however, is the shorter 
form noted below. Another arrangement of this 
tr. is, " Blood of Jesns; stream of life." No. 85 
of Hys. for use at St. Ethelburga's, liishopsgate, 
London, 18T5. 

5. Sonl ef Jesus, ease tot me. By M. Bridges. 
This is also a paraphrase of the original. It was 
pub. in his Hymns of the Heart, 1849, in 6 st. of 
6 1. It was included in Shipley's Divine Liturgy, 
1862; Lyra Encharistica, 1863, p. 171; aiid, 
reduced to 4 st., in the People's II., 1367. 

4. Sonl of Jesus, main me pun. By J. W. 

Chadwick, pub. iu the People's It., 1867, No. 558, 
in £ st. of 6 1. 

o. Bonl of Christ, my coal make pure. By E, A. 
Dftytnan, made for and 1st pub. iu the Hymnary, 
1872, No. 443, in 2 st. of 8 1. It is translated 
somewhat freely from the original. 

6. Soul of Christ, he my satisfaetioa. Anon, In 
Card. Newman's Hys. for ike Uec of tke Bir- 
mingham Oratory, 1875. 

T. Soul of my Saviour, sanetlfy my breast, Is in 
the St. Qeorgtfs H. Bk., for use iu St. George's 
Romaa Catholic Cathedral, Soisthwark, 1882, 
No, 33, ed. by the Uev. Joseph Reeks. 

8. Sanctify me wholly, Soul of Christ adored. 
By T. I. Ball, An imitation of the Latin, given 
in the 6th ed. of the Appendix to the Hymnal &,, 
1877, No,3. r )8, in 3 st, of 4 1. [V,] 

This hymn has also been Tendered into German, 
and thence again into English: — 


Ufa Basis Chiisti hoiTgo mien. A free tr., in 5 

st. of 4 1., by Johann Schemer. No .13,inBk.ii., 
1657, of his Heitige Seelenlust, p. 169 CWerhe, 
1863, i. p. 106). Included as No, 80 in freyling- 
kavsen's G. B., 1704, and recently as No. 233 
in the Berlin 0. L. &, ed. 1863. The only tr. 
in C. U. is, ."Thy Seat, Jesus I hallow me," 
good and fall, by M. Loj, as No. 231 in the Ohio 
Euth. Hymnal, 1880. 

The other trt. have much in common. (1) "Thy 
Soul, my Jesn I hallow mine," in the Sapp. ta Qemuxn 
FlaimBin, ed. lies, p. 16, and Select H. from German 
Psalmody, Trenqueber, IIU, p. 34. (j|)"Je&u,ThyBoul 
renew my own/' In the Wesley Pi. <m<t ttyi., ITal 
(P. W. 1689-ti, vol. 11. p. IS}. (3) "The Sonl of 
Christ me sanctify," as No. IS* in the Jforavian M. Bk., 
I)4S. In Use altered to "Lord Jesus, sanctify Thou 
me," and repeated thus In later eds. [J, M. j 

Anna Sophia, dan. of the Landgrave 
Georg IL of Hesse-Darmstadt, was b. at 
Marburg, Dec 17, 1638. Carefully educated, 
especially in Holy Scripture and the Christian 
Faftiers, she was in 1657 elected Probstin of 
the Lutheran Fursten-T&ehter-Btift at Qued- 
linburg, where she became Abbess 1680, and 
died Dec: 13, 1683 (Kooh, iu. 549^554; 
Stromherger's preface, Aw.). 

Her hvmns, contemplations on the union of the 
sonl with Christ, in the spirit of the Canticles, 
mostly appeared in her devotional work : — 

Der Trtut Sedtn-Frtund tivrUtas Jems mit mu& 
denMichen Sinto-GtmlUUdtn, anmuthigen Lehr-Ge- 
dfchten vnd fieuen geistrelchtn Gestagen, oopedruckf 
und voroetttttet, Jena, 1SSS. The only one tr. Into 
English is WiU don der Ann* licbtt {Holy ScripWre], 
her best hynm, 1S3B, Appx. p. 3S. The trt. are: m 
" How happy they, who know and love," by Dr. £f. 
Walker, Issa, p. 81. (S) "What joy to love the 
Saviour," In the BrititK Beroid, Nov. 1SSS, p. SS3, 
repeated as Ho. 433 In Betd's Proite Bk^ 1811. 


Annl poractifl mensibtiB. [FPjWsub- 
tide.'i In the Latin Hys. of the Anglo-Saxon 
Oh. (Snrtees Society), 1851, p. 95, it is quoted 
from the Durham MB. of the 11th cent as a 
hymn for Pentecost, at Matins, in 5 st. of 4 1. 
It is also in an 11th cent. us. in the Brit, Mw. 
(Vesp. D. xii. f. 81). Tr. by J. D. Chambers, 
iu his Lauda Syon, 1857, in 5 st of 4 1, as 
"A year's swift months have passed away." 
It was repeated in Skinner's Daily Service 
Hymnal, 1861, No. 146. 

Auntie Christe Baeculonrm Domine, 

[Cowman of Apoeths.J This hymn is of un- 
known authorship. Its full form consists of 
four geni-rnl stanzas, and nine stanzas proper 
of saints. 

It Is found ia three wss. of the 11th cent, tn the Brititk 

Jfit«Km(Hirl. SMI, f. MS, IT.; Jul. A. vi. So, b. ff. ; Vesp. 
D. xll. SB, b). In the Durham us. of the lltb cent, 
(printed as Latin Hyt. ef the Angto-Saxnn OSurck, laai, 
p. 124), the four general stsnas are added to " Jam 
bone pistor Petre" (pt. of "Aurea luce," q.v.). The 
full form fs in Mojte, ]No. sas, from a ISth cent. Irs. 
beginning w ita the stanza to St. Andrew, " Andreas pie," 
fbflowed by 9 sts. proper of the festivals of SS. James ; 
James and John; Philip; Bartholomew; Thomas; 
Matthew ; Simon and Thaddeus i and Matthias ; and con 
eluding -with 4 general starass. In the York Sw. the 
4 general ecanias (" Annae Christe ") are given as the 
hymn at Vespers at tbc Festival of an Apostle or 
Apostles, except In Eastertide. Also at Vespers snd 
Matins occasionally. In the Sarin* Bre v. with ths same 
exception. Daniel, 1., No. Mtglves only fbur lines. 
The &irum Brte. text is also in Card. Newman'e Jrjrnii 
Etxlaiae, 1S3S. [ J. M.] 


Translations In C. U. : — 

1. O Christ, Hum Lard of -world*, Thins mi. 
By J. M. KaAt. Pub. in the enlarged ed. of th« 
Hymnal lf„ 1854, No. T5, in 4 st. of 8 1., from 
whence it ha* passed into a few collections. In 
the 8LSaphaer» Call-, 1880, special stanzas were 
introduced after the Sarum manner (these 
added stanzas fire all original) for S3. Andrew, 
Thomas, John and James, Matthias, Peter, Bar- 
tholomew, Matthew, and Simon and Jude, and 
some of these were repeated in Skinner's Daily 
Servkt Hymnal, ISM, with additional verses for 
St Barnabas and for SS. Philip and James, the 
latter altered from Bp. Wordsworth's hymn on 
that festival in his Holy Year, " Blest be, Lord, 
the grace of Love." It is altered in the Hymntxry, 
1872, to "0 Christ, Thou Lord of alt." 

>. Baler of tke efts, Christ, we now implore 

Thee. By R. F. Littledale, made for and 1st pub. 
in the People's H., 1807, No. 196, in 4 rt. of 4 1., 
and signed " F. R." . 

S, Ruler of ages, Christ, Touoaute to bow Thine 
ear. From the Antiphow and Qrait, 1880, and 
repeated in the Hymner, 1882. In the same 
books the varying verses of Sarum use are also 

Translation* not in C, U* !— - 

1. Vouchsafe, Christ High Lord, 4c. Blew, 1883. 
1. Christ, Thou Lord of worlds. Bestow, fee 
/. D. Ousmbert, ISM. FT.] 

*Ava$ev, wapBevot, j3atjj eyeptrl' 
VGKpos 'Syos. St. Methodius. ThlB hymn 
is found in The Banquet of the T™ Virgins, 
and is reprinted in the Anth. Or. Car. ChritL, 
1671. From the latter work it was trans- 
lated by A, W, Chatfleld, for hia Songs and 
Hymns, &e., 1876, pp. 141-158, where it is 
given as "The Virgins' Bong." No portion 
of this tine rendering has come into common 
uso. A cento or two might be compiled there- 
from with ease. lis structure, character, 4c, 
are fully described in Greek Eynutodv, § x. 2, 
q.v. Tha opening line of Mr. Chatfield's tr. is, 
"Tho Bridegroom eometh, overhead." 

Another called, another brought, &o. 
Frances B. Havergnl. [Praise.] "Written 
at Leamiugton, June 30, 1872. This hymn 
literally expresses F. R. H.'s thrill of praise, 
when her own prayers and conversations re- 
sulted in her friend (A. B.) enrolling ' on our 
Captain's side.' 'Another life to live for 
Thee, another witness won ! ' " (" hav, was.") 
It wns first printed in The Christian, July 11, 
1872, and then pnb. in lier Under the Surface, 
mi, M\d Life Mosaic, 1879, in 11 st. of 4 1. 

Another day begun ! J. EUerton. 
[Tuesday.] Written Feb. 13, 1871. Appeared 
in the Faritk Magazine for May, 1871, as one 
of three « Week Day Hymns," in 5 st of 4 1, 
and appointed for Tuesday. During the fame 
year it was included in Church Hymns, No. 58, 
with st ii., 1. 3, "sinful soil" changed to 
"puilty soil," and at v. altered from Iho ori- 
ginal, which rend :— 

" Another day of grace ! 
To bring us on our way. 
One step towards our resting-place, 
The en&leu SubbaUwtoy.'^ 

In I8B2 the revised text was repeated in 



Turing's Obit., with st ii. 1. 3 re-written " And 
let not sin our conscience soil," by the editor. 
Authorised text in Church Hymns. 

Another day has past along. J. Ed- 
mesfon. [Sunday Evening.} In his Cottage 
Minstrel, 1821, a hymn of 4st. appeared with 
the above first line, as No. 2, and headed 
" Lord, teach us to may," while, as No. 10, 
"The Cottager's Reflections noon the Sabbath 
Evening," another hymn of 5 st., " Sweet is 
the light of Sabbath eve," was given. In 
Hatfield's Amer. Church H. Bk^ 1872, a cento 
from these was given as No. 48, consisting of 
at. i. of the first-named hymn, and st. i., ii., 
lit. and v. of the latter, with slight alterations. 

fW. T. B.] 

Another portion of the span. Char- 
lotte Elliott. [Saturday Eve.] From her 
Hytiva for a TPeefc, 1839, in 9 at. of 6 1., into 
Sneppfa Songs of Q. and G„ 1872, No. 905. 

Another six days' work Is done. J. 

Stennett. [Sunday.'] This poem " On the 
Sabbath " appeared as one of his " Miscellany 
Poems," in his Works, 17:12, vol. iv. pp. 231- 
234, in 14 st of 4 1 In its full form it is un- 
known to any hymnal : bnt centos therefrom 
are in modern collections, nearly all begin- 
ning with the iirst stanza as above : — 

1. A cento in « st. in the BriBtol Baptist CM. of Ash 
and Evans, 1J69, from whence it hue passed through a 
series of Baptist Hymnals to the Bapt. Pt, and Jfymnt, 
IB68, So. SIS, and other modem collections. It Is 
composed of st, 1., x„ il., xil., and xiii., with a stoma 
introduced as the second, u Come, bless the Lord, whose 
lave assigns," fee., the authorship of -which has not 
been traced. The cento, "Come, bless the Lord," Ac., 
In Stowell's Sel. r 1831-77, Is compiled from the Bapt. 
Pi. & Hyi. text. 

2. Another cento wSich was given in WilllamB 
and Baden's Coll., 1S01, No. 4S1, and thence through 
various collections to the JMds Jl. hit., 1S53, tlie Sum 
Cong., Ho. T63, and others. It Is the above cento with 
theamtsalon of the original st. xii-, ** With Joy," fee. 

3. A third cento, in Blckersteth's C&rittian Pttdwwdy, 
less, No, 280, in a st„ being t„ x., and xiii. of the origi- 
nal, and the added stanu, " Came, bless the Laid," fee,, 
as io Ho. 1., Is sometimes repeated in modern collections. 

4. A fourth is given in Hirland's Ck. Ptalter, No. W, 
Wlndle's Metrical Ptalter, fee, No. IS, and others. It 
UcomrpoBSd of Sttimett't st. 1., i., xi., andxlli. 

B. The last cento is repeated In the Islington Pt. and 
Hyt., 1863, No. 36), with the omission of st. si. of the 

6. A sixth cento, beginning, " Again our weekly 
labours end," and consisting of st, I., x„ xi„ and xiii. of 
stennett, re-written for Cotteriil's Set., 1810, No. M, iri 
given in seTeral collectioDB, Did and new. 

f. The seventh cento beglob, "Another week its 
course has run." It is a slightly altered form of Ste»- 
nettU st. i., x., xi., and xiii., and la included In the 
lAmttte School Coll. 

Most of these centos are in C. IT. in America 
and cither English-speaking countries. 

[J. J.] 

Another week begins. T. Kelly. [San- 
day.] 1st pub. in his ifjntns, 2nd ed,, 180G, 
and again, 3rd ed., 1809. In 1812 it was 
transferred to his Hyim* adapted for Social 
Worship. Subsequently, in common with the 
rest of the hymns therein, it was again 
embodied in the original work. It ia in 8 st 
of 4 1,, and based upon Ps, cxviii. 24. In the 
American hymnals it is re-written, the change 
being from s.m, to o.m. It also varies con- 
siderably in the number of stanzas used from 
3 in the Cliurch Praise Bh., N. Y., 1881, to 



& in Hatfield's Ch. H. m., 1872. In the latter 
form it begins, "And now another week 


Another week for ever gone. {Sunday.] 
An anonymous hymn in Rippon's Comprehen- 
sive P». and Hy»., 1844, Ho. 343, pt, It., in 
3 at at 41. 

Another week has passed away. IT. 
S. Baihurtt. [Sunday.'] 1st pub. in his Ps. 
and Hymns, &c„ 1831, No. 129, in A st. of 4 1., 
nnd entitled "Saturday Evening." It is also in 
Bickersteth'sCnruf. Psalmody, 1833 and 1841, 
nnd others. As given in Kennedy, 1843, No. 
865, slight alterations have beau introduced. 
Oris, text as above. It has bean rendered into 
Latin as, A'oWs nunc iterum prteterit hebdoma», 
by the Rev. B. Bingham, aid inclnded in his 
Ht/mnol. Christ. Lat. 1871. 

Another year has now begun. 

C. Wordsworth, Bp. of Lincoln. [Neu> Year.'] 
let pub. in his Holy Year, let oil., 18G2, No. 
14, for " New Year's Day," and consists of 9 
et. of 4 1, Orig. text in later editions. The 
cento in Snoop's Song* of Q. & G. is composed 
of ii. i., ill., v., viii., vii. and iv, and that in 
Barry's r*.# Hys, 18C7,of sf.i.-iii.,v.,viii.,ix. 

Another year has passed away. 

[0. and -Y. Year.] An anonymous hymn in 
the Meth. S. S. H. Bit., 1879, the Mttlt. Free 
Ch, S. S. H. Bk. and others. In some oollue- 
tions it is attributed to '' Allen," and in others 
it iB said to bo " American." Wo havo failed 
in scouring authority for either statement, 

Another year hath fled, renew. 

A. T. Unwell. [0. and N. Year.] Written 
Nov. 20, 1850 (a. jjss.), und 1st pub. in his 
Psalms and Hymns, &c., 1851, No. 63, in 3 st. 
of 8 1. In 1663 it was republished in 
Kennedy, No. 140, in a slightly altered form, 
bntinrferin(r'»Co«.,1882, Ho. 130, tho original 
text is restored with the exception of st. i., 
1.1, has for hath, and the repetition of the last 
line of each stanza which was repeated in tho 
original to suit the tune to which the hymn 
was written. Willi the first line as " Another 
year has fled, runew," it is also in use in 
Canada, and other English-speaking countries. 

Another year ia dawning. Frances 

B. Haveraal. [New Year.] Written in 1874 
for the ornamental leaflets and cards pub. by 
Caswell, 1875. It was subsequently included 
in her work. Under the Surface, 1874, and Life 
Chords, 1880. It is in G st. of 4 1. [iuv. jibs.] 

Anstioe, Joseph, m.a., s. of William 
Anatice of Madcley, Shropshire, h. 1808, and 
educated at Eninorc, near Bridgwater, West- 
minster, and Ch. Church, Oxford, where he 
gained two English prizes and graduated as a 
double-first. Subsequently, at file ago of 22, 
he became Professor of Classical Literature at 
King's Coll., London ; d, at Torquay, Feb. 29, 
1831), aged 28. His works include Biehard 
Cceur de Lion, a. prize poem, 1828 ; The In- 
fluence of the Roman Conquest upon Literature 
and the Arts in Home (Oxford prize Essay) ; 
Selections from the Choice Poetry of tlu GreeJt 


Dramatic Writer*, translated into English 
Perse, 1632, Ac. His hymns were printed a 
few months after his death, as : — Hymns by the 
late Joseph Anstiee, M.A, formerly Student of 
Christ Church, Oxford, and Professor of Clas- 
sical Literature, Sing's College, London, Bridg- 
water, 183G, and thus introduced : — 

" As none or the following Hymns bad the advantage 
of being oorrected and prepsred for the press by their 
lamented Author, his family have not considered them- 
•elves at liberty to bring them before the public i hot, 
having reason to believe taut a targe circle of surviving 
friends will be gratified by possessing a memorial or 
the manner la which tome of bis leisure hoars wen 
employed, and of the subjects which chiefly occupied 
hla thoughts, during the last few months of bt* life, 
they have consented to their being printed for private 
distribution.— Bridgwater, June, 1838." 

This work contains 52 hymns on various 
subjects, together with a poem " To my Hymn 
Book." The circumstances under which they 
were written are thus detailed by Mrs. Anstioe 
in a communication to the Eev. Josiah Miller, 
author of Singers and Songs of the Church : — 

" The hymns were all dictated to his wife during the 
last few weeks of hie life, and wen composed Just at 
the period of the day (the afternoon) wben he felt the 
oppression of his Illness— all lib brighter morning hours 
being given to pupils up to Ihe very day of his death." 
— S, £ 8., p. 495. 

A few of tho hymns arc of a joyful 
character, but tho circumstances under which 
they were written account for the prevailing 
tone of sadness by which they are chiefly 
characterized. About one half of these 
hymns wero included by Mrs. Yonge in her 
Child's Cliristian Year, 1841. Being thus 
brought before the public, many soon camo 
into (J. IT. Those in most extensive use are : 
"Father, by Thy love and power;" "In all 
thinga-liko'Thy brethren, Thou;" "Lord of 
the harvest, once again ;" and, " O Lord, how 
happy should wo bo." ' [J. J.] 

Anthologia Davidioa, or a Metrical 
Translation of the whole Book of Psalms, &c, 

by Presbyter Ciccstrensis [the Rev. Henry 
Latham], Lond., Rivington, 1840. This work 
contains an excellent critical Preface, a long 
but imperfect list of Psalters and Partial 
Versions of the Psalms, and 139 extracts 
from 31 authors. The selection, although on 
the whole good, is weakened by numerous 
alterations. Some amends arc made, however, 
by an appendix of original readings. A 
limited number of the older renderings of 
individual Psalms have passed iuto modern 
hymnals through this work. 

Antiphon (Or. 'Avrl^cevov ; Lat. Anti- 
fona.~). i. This word now ordinarily denotes a 
short yersiclo said at the beginning and close 
of a Psalm or Psalms in tho Breviary Offices. 
But it has also borne tho following meanings, 
which are not yet entirely obsolete : — 

1. A Hymn or realm snng juitiphonally— that is to 
say, alternately by two Bides of a choir, Instead of being 
recited by a single voice, or sung respansorially by the 
Prlestajid choir or congregation. Ignatius, third Itlshop 
of Antioch in $yrls, Is said to have first introduced this 
mode of singing into the Church's services, after a 
vision in which he hoard and saw angels so praising the 
Blessed Trinity (Amalurius^ile .Bodes. n. The 
custom was transferred thence into Western Christendom 
by St. Ambrose, into his own diocese of Milan, whence it 
spread into more general use (Babanus Manrua, Dt 
Inttit. Cleric, 11. SO). 


t. A sentence of Holy Scripture, or an original com- 
tnalthm, sung by itself without reference-to w Psalm. 
The sentence, •* I heart a voice from heaven, &»., In 
tbe Anglican Burial Office, may be referred to as an 
Instance of this, nod similar examples occur In tbe Am- 
bnielan nod JJoMroblc OAlcea for tbe Dead. tBrevho; 
Both., Mlgne's edit. p. Ssx.) 

3. Certain portions of realms, or Sentences, generally 
bat not always taken from Scripture, and Introduced 
Into tbe Liturgy. Tbe old name tor tbe Introlt was 
"Autlpbona ad Introltum," tbe last two words being 
frequently understood and not expressed. Tbe " OBer- 
tortum" and "Commnnk*" ware likewise regarded as 
Antiphons. So were tbe short sentences introduced 
before tbe Gospel, as " Gloria In excels)* Deo, et In terra 
pax. Alleluia, Alleluia " before tbe Gospel on Christmas 
lloy In tbe Milanese and some French Uses (Msrt. Dt 
Btxlet. Kit. Lib. iv. cap. xtt. f saBtiiJ. Various Com- 
munion Sentences or Antipboni are provided In tbe 
Gttoiitm Saeramentarf (Muratori, Ltt. Hon. Yet. p. 
M8\ Stout Miual (H(. 4 Jiff.. 0/ Oitie Ckurvh, p. U j> 
and other ancient Service Books, Hartene speaks of on 
"Antipbona ad Ettcbarlsttam," commencing with the 
words " Venite popnll," in tbe l&ens Miual (u< supra). 
In ihe Greek Liturgy of Constantinople (he Introlt con- 
sisted of three separate parls, each called an " Antl- 
phonon," and consbiting of partly variable, partly In- 
variable elements (Bdwtmond, Lit B, <* IT. p. v%). An 
exact description of these Greek Antiphons wilt be 
fbnml in Dr. NeaVsHoly Eastern Cnnrcb (mtnd- i. Mi). 

4. A Sentence extracted or adapted from the Psalms or 
from some other source, and prefixed to each Psalm or 



group or Psalms, and repeated at tbe close. Tbe rales 
regulating their nse are very intricate, and have varied 
at different times and in different countries. The ral»s 

regulating their present nse in tbe Latin Church msy bo 
found at the commencement of the Human srariary. 
There existed formerly great diocesan variety of word- 
ing, as well ss of usage, of which Amatsrius makes 
complaint at tbe commencement of bis work, 1H Ordiw 

ii. In the I5tl> century we find the following 
varieties in tbe Antiphon to tlio Psalms at 
Teree, in the Little Office of the S. V. M. :— 

Hula vligo assmnpta est (Jtome). 

Qnindo natue es (Atrmt). 

1 ignore me laudare (Fori!). 

Tota pulcsm (&*J). 

Itubnm quem vlderat Moynea (Laiagtt'). 

In odorem unguentorum (Orleans). 

Almavlrgo alarla (Cnnbraf). 

The list might he extended, and similar lists 
drawn up to almost any number, Antiphons 
were also prefixed to the prayers or suffrages 
of special memoriao (jSanm Ere*. Beprint, 
pp. vii.-xL). 

iii. Among special Antiphons the following 
deserve separate mention ; — 

1. The * Antlpbons of the B. V. II. appended to the 
Homon Compline. Fartheseseo *■ Alma kedemptorls " : 
"Ave Begins" ; •• ReglnaOueU" ; and " Salve Bcglna.' 1 

3. The 1 greater Antlpbons, lor use at Vespers in 
Advent, beginning en Dec. 11. They are oil double— 
thut is to ear, sung entire both before and after tbe 
Magnificat. Their use Is indicated by tbe wonla "0 
Sapient!* " placed against Dec 1 ft in the Book of Cotnmou 
Prayer. Their opening words are these : — 

1. Sapientla, quae ex are atttsalinl. 

2. O Aaenay et dux dornns Israel. 

3. Radix Jesse qui staa in slgnuna. 

4. Clavts David et Bceptmm domus. 

5. Orlens, splendor lucts aetemae. 
». O Bex gentium et dteWeratue. 

1. O Emanuel, rex et lezh*er. 
To wbldt Amalarlus (Lib. de OriL Anttyk. cap. IS) adds 
•n stb, which Is fouud In the Sarum sod York and 
Hereford Breviaries:—* 

8. O Virgo vlrglnum quatnodo net. 
The Sarum Breviary also adds a sth Antlpbon :— 

>, Thorn* Didyme, per Chrietnm quern. 
Tbe substance of ft of the above Antlpbons Is ex- 
pressed to Irregular order In tbe Hymn, translated and 
arranged by Dr. Nealf, H come, O come, Emmanuel. 1 ' 

Iv. Tlie mystical meanings of Antiphons, 
and of their frequency, and of the mode of 
repenting them, nrc explained by Hugo U S. 

Victor, Speculum Eedetiae, cap. 8. Originally 
they were always sung whole before and after 
each Psalm, always having also certain vsr- 
sicles attached to them. Sometimes they were 
sung twice, and sometimes before each verse 
of a Fsalm or Oantiele. An instance of a 
Magnificat with an Antiphon intercalated be- 
tween all.the verses is printed by Martene(Ife 
Antiq. Eedet. Rit. Lib. iv. cap. 4v.}. Many 
minute points are discussed at length by the 
ritualists, e.g. why the "Alleluia" which 
closes the Anliphons to the Psalms in the 
third noctum of Feasts of the Apostles is 
omitted on the Feast of St. John the Baptist, 
Ac. (AmsAaiiuB,Lib.deOTd{neAntiplHm 1 c.59). 

v. Books, Services, and Seasons were some- 
times named after the opening words of Anti- 
phons. The Gradual was once known as the 
" Ad te levari," from the first words of the Anti- 
pbona, " ad Introitutn," for the First Sunday in 
Advent (Leofrie Miual, p. xxii,). Vespers 
for the Deod were called Placebo, from the 
Antiphon of the first Psalm : and Matins for 
the Dead were called Dirige, from the corre- 
sponding Antiphon in that service. Sundays 
and other days were called after the opening 
words of their Introits, as the First Sunday in 
Lent Invoeavit me; the Second Sunday in 
Lent Metninitcere, and so forth. [F. IS, W.] 

The Antiphons which have been rendered 
into English for use in public worship are the 
above seven greater Antiplious for nse at Ves- 
pers in Advent, These tr. are usually con- 
fined to the first seven, and are both in prose 
and metre. Taking the prose renderings first, 
we liave the following : — 

1. Cms* Translations. 

Of the Antiphons to the Magnificat in the 
.Roman Brwiury, prose versions into English 
exist in the Vesper Books and Primers of that 
communion ; and an. adaptation of these has been 
issued for the use of English Churchmen. 

Of the &runt Antiphons, translations of those 
to the Benedicts, Magnificat, and Smc Dimittis, 
will be found in the AntiphimcrandQrail, parts i, 
and ii., 1880, and with the addition of those to 
the Psalms in J. D. Chambers's Plotter; or. 
Seven fours 0/ Prayer, 1852 ; his Order 0/ 
Household Devotion, 1854 ; and also in the Day 
Hoars of the CAwcA of England, and other 
books issued for the use of sisterhoods and other 
communities. Hitch information on the whole 
subject may be found in Dr. Neale's JOisaye on 
Ziturgiology, 2nd edition, 18C8, and in Neale 
and littledale's Commentary on the Pealme, 
1860-74, 4 vols. 

Of the seven greater Antiphons, or the Os, 
the earliest tr. for Anglican use was made by 
Cardinal Newman for JVoefs for the Timet, 
No. 75, in 1836, bat this Is not in C. U. An- 
other fr., given in the St. Saviour's (Leeds) 
Stored ifymns and Anthemt, 1846, met with 
more favour, being repeated in K. Campbell's 
St. Andrea'* Hymnal, 1850 ; Murray's H ytnmtt, 
1852 ; in H. and Introits in the same year ; and 
with the alteration of a word or two, and the 
addition of No. vijt., In the enlarged ed. of the 
Hymnal Koted, 18M. The seven m in Murray are 
retained in tbe ihtrou') prefixed to some editions 
of Bymm A. $ M. 



ft, Xetrloal Translations. 

1. An early metrical rendering of the se- 
parate Antiphons wai made by Canon William 
Cooke, and appeared in the Cooke and Denton 
Hymnal of 1853. Canon Cooke's account of the 
same is: "Where it was possible, the translator 
and arranger (who was William Cooke), took 
tbe words of Mr. A. J. Beresford Hope's tt: of 
the hymn ' Veni, Venj, Emmanuel, 1 in the Hymnal 
N. ; retaining the prayer of the Prose Anthem 
for the Advent of Christ." The opening line of 
each Antiphom is : i. "0 Wisdom, who o er earth 
below ; " it. " Ruler and Lord, draw nigh, draw 
nigh ; " iii. " Rod of Jesse's stem, arise ; " it. 
"Key of the of David, come;" t. "O 
Horning Star, arise ; " vi. " Thou on Whom 
the Gentiles wait;" Tit. "Draw nigh, draw 
nigh, Imraannel." 

2i A second tr. by Earl Nelson appeared in 
the Sarum Hymnal, 1868, as "The Advent An- 
thems." The opening line of each is : — (1) " O 
Wisdom! spreading mightily;" (2) "Ruler of 
Israel, Lord of Might ; " (3) " Root of Jesse I 
Ensign Thou ! " (4) " Israel's sceptre I David's 
Key ; ** (5) Day Spring and Eternal Light ; " 

(6) "O King! Desire of Nations! come;" 

(7) "0 Law-giver! Emmanuel I King!" These 
were directed to be snng separately, or as one 
hymn, as desired. 

3. These Antiphons were also ir. by W. J. 
Blew, and included in his C&ureh H, j> Tone 
Bh., 1852. 

4. Some time, Dr. Neale supposes about the 
12th century, an unknown author took fire of 
these Antiphons, and wore them into a hymn in 
the following order : — st, 1. Emmanuel; ii. 
Sadie J etse ; iii. Oriens ; It. Clams David ; 
v. OAdonai. This hymn began with the line : — 

" Vcni, veni, Emmanuel," 

and adding to each verse the refrain, which is 
not found in the original prose : — 

"Gaude, gaude, Emmanuel 
Hascetur pro te, Israel." 

Daniel has given the full text in his TAes. Hymn, 
ii. 333 (1844). From Daniel's text Br. Jfeak 
translated his: — 

5. Dnw nigh, draw nigh, Emmanuel, and pub. 
it in the 1st ed. of his Mediaeval II 'ymns, 1851, p. 
119, in 5 st. of SI. That tr. he altered for the 1st 
ed. of the Hymnal S., 1852, the same altered 
text being repeated in the enlarged ed. of 1854 j 
and the 2nd and 3rd eds. of tho Mediaeval 
Hymm, 1862 & 1863. The altered text is found in 
the People's H., 1867, and also, with alterations 
by various hands, in the Hymnary, 1872, H. 
Onnj^, 1876, Thring's Coll., 1882, and others. 
It is irom the original tr. of 1851 that parts 
ii.— v. and vii- of No. 74 in Church Hys. are 
taken, parts i. and vi. being from Canon Cooke's 
tr. from the original prose (see above). In the 
trial copy ofH.A.&M.inl 859, an altered version 
of Neale's Ir, was given beginning : — 

6. come, eome, Emmanuel! This was in- 
cluded in the 1st ed. of 1861, and again in the 
new ed, 1875 ; and Is repeated in Kennedy, 1863 ; 
Allon's Sup. 1868; We*. H. Bk., 1875; and 
others. Another tr. is : — 

7. soma, Emmanuel, came 1 This is in the 
Anglican H. Sk^ and was made by the editor, 


the Rev. S. C. Singleton, in 1837, and included 
therein in 1868. Dr. MacgiK's tr. : — 

8. Come, Immauud, near snr tail, appeared In 
the Scottish Presb. Hymnal, 1876, No. 29, and was 
subsequently included in his Song$ of the Chris- 
tian Creed and Life, 1876 and 1879. 

Translation net la V, V, t — 

oome i come, Thou Emmanuel. C&oxbtri, I86J. 

A rendering through tho- German has been 
noted by Mr. Mearns as follows : — 

Sun unde Heir, una detnem Bonn, in the 

Trier 6. Ii., 1848, p. 9, in 8 st. of 4 1, In the 
harmonized ed. of 1847, it is said to be from the 
Munich G. S., 1586. Tr. as " Send now Thy Son 
unto us, Lord/' by Miss Huppns, as No. 310, in 
E. Paxton Hood's Childrm't Choir, 1870. 

[J. J.] 
Antlphonale = sen,. 

Antiphonarium. A book containing the 
Antipbons. Invitatories, Hymns, Responds, 
Verses, and in later times the Little Chapters. 
Originally the Antiphons and Responds were 
contained in separate volumes known as the 
Antiphotxaium and Betpontorials (Amsdarius, 
Pro!, ad Lib. tU Ord. Antiphon. Edit. Hittorp, 
p. 224). The arrangement of the volume is 
attributed to Gregory L, and its revision to 
Adrian I, The early Afttiphottariesot various 
countries and dioreses exhibit great variety of 
text and usage. [P. B. W.] 

Anton TJlrich of Brunswick, b. Oct. 4, 
1633, at Hit zarker, on the Elbe above Lnuen- 
burg, the portion as younger son of his father, 
Duke August, who thi-ee years afterwards 
succeeded tr> the Dukedom of Wolfenbiittel. 
He -was the only child of the Duke's second 
marriage. In 1635 the Duke contracted a 
third marriage with Sophie Elisabethe of 
Mecklenburg. Father and stepmother alike 
were pious and fond of music and poetry, and 
their children were trained with a simple 
home life, in Lutheran orthodoxy ; nnd, under 
J. G. Schottelius and Sigismund v. Birken, 
instructed in all the learning of the time. 
Under these influences, supplemented by a 
residence at the University of Helmstadt, 1650, 
Anton Ulrieli grew up n lover of his mother 
tongue and of poetry — his first literary efforts 
being a number «f hymns which he presented 
in mb, to his father aa a New Year's girt, 1655. 
In 1659 Its was admitted a member of the 
Froitbearrag Society. At the death of his 
father in 1666 the family circle was broken up, 
and, released from the healthful, if somewhat 
harrow, influences of his training and previous 
surroundings, lie turned from hymn-writing to 
tiie affairs of the worhi. Henceforth the 
ruling passion, hitherto curbed, took the upper 
hand, trad tho desire for power and famo led 
him far astray. 

In 1667 his elder brother nppoint"d him 
Governor at Wolfenbiittel, and in 1685 mado 
him Co-Regent of the Dnehy of Brunswick. 
His desire for princely magnificence, fostered 
by a year's residence in France, led him into 
lavish expenditure, such as an imitation of the 
Palace of Versailles which lie built at Saljj- 
dahlnm, near Wolfenbiittel, and in Wolfen- 


fcattel an Academy (opened 1687) for the 
education of young noblemen ; a fine building 
for the Library, and a new opera house. 
Envious at the rapidly increasing power of 
ttie Hannover-Celle branch of the Wolfen- 
buttel line, he made alliance, in 1702, with 
France, against them, only to bo deposed from 
the Co-Begency, although when his brother 
abdicated in 1701 he obtained full sway in 
Brunswick. By his secession to the Roman 
Catholic Church in 1709-10 (one of the results 
arising from the marriage of his grand- 
daughter Elizabeths Christine to Charles of 
Spain, who was crowned Emperor in 1711), lie 
lost the lore of his subjects and the respect 
of his former princely friends, and attained 
neither temporal advantage, nor spiritual 
peace. When his fatal illness came on and 
he felt his end near, he summoned an Evan- 
gelical clergyman to prepare him for death, 
then received the Sacrament according to the 
Roman rite, and after giving his surviving 
children his blessing, d. at Salzdahlum, 
Hot. 27, 1714. His two soub succeeded each 
other, but as they died without male isBue, the 
Dukedom passed to a son of his younger 
brother by Duke August's third marriage. 

His hymns seem to have been mostly written 
before 1055, and were printed anonymously to 
the number of 44 as HocherlcucAtete Oeistliche 
Lieder, Finer hohen Persoaen, N.P. 1665, and 
then enlarged to 60, and with melodies probably 
by his stepmother as : — ChrUt FUratliches Davids- 
Harpfen^Spiei mm Btfegel wui Fiirbild Him- 
mct-flanunender Andaeht, $c, Kurnberg, 1667, 
with a preface on prayer, probably by J. G. 
Schettelius (reprinted with three hymns added, 
WolfenbtHtel, 1670). Of these 34 are included 
in the selections by H. Wendebourg from the 
Duke's Geistliohe Lieder, pub. at Halle, 1856. 
Mostly composed before his 22nd year, many are 
in unusual metres and of the 'nature of experi- 
ments. in verse, showing him as allied with the 
Pegnitz Order, of which his former tutor and 
life-long friend Sigismund v. Birken (q. v.) was 
then President or Chief Shepherd. But al- 
though it may be said that the Duke's hymns 
are often too subjective and farfetched, and that 
liia after life did not altogether fulfil the* pro- 
mise of his youth; yet there cannot be denied 
to them the expression iu beautiful form of a 
deep sense of sin, an ardent longing for grace, 
and a heartfelt love to the Saviour. Their 
poetic worth, simplicity of diction, and practical 
usefulness gained them admission to the Leipzig 
Vomtth, 1673, the Nuruberg G. B., 1676, and 
other hymn-books of the period, and to Bunsen's 
Vermeh, 1833, and other recent collections 
(Koch, iii. 537-549 j Wendebourg's Preface; 
Ailg. Deutsche Bbg., i. 487-4 SI ; Bode, 37-S8). 
Four have been tr. into English, two lat pub. 
1665, and two 1st pub. 1667 ; the references 
to the original eds, being kindly supplied from 
the copies in the Ducal Library at Wolfen- 
btittel by the Principal Librarian, Dr. O. v. 

i. Lass dish Got*. [JkjJjaafi'on.] This beau- 
tiful hymn on Consolation in Trial appeared in 
1667, p. 237, as above (ed. Wendebourg, 1856, 
p. 68), in 6 at. of 6 1., 11. 1, 6, of each st. being 
identical. Included as Wo. 468 in pt. ii., 1714, of 



Freylnyjhaasen's G. B., and as No. 787 in Bun* 
sen's VtrsucA, 1833 (Jdtg. G. B., 1846, No. 319). 
Tr. aa :— 

Lean all ta Ood. A good tr. (omitting st. iv.) 
by Hiss Wink worth in the 1st Series, 1855, of her 
Lyra Qer., p. 159 (ed. 1876, p. 161), and thence 
aa No. 155 in Ps. $ Hymns, Bedford, 1859, as 
No. 302 in the Free Church H. Bk., 1882, and in 
the ailman-Schnff Lib, of Bet. Poetry, ed. 1883. 

it Huhdit, Oett! verlanget mieh. [Thirsting 
for God."] One of his best hymns, Appeared 
in 1665, p. 21, 1(S67, p. 28, as above (ed. Wen- 
debourg, 1856, p. 8), in 11 st. of 4 1. Included 
aa No. 1129 in the Leipzig Vorrath, 1673, and 
as No. 1259 in Burg's Breslau G B., 1746. 
Tr. as:— 

(Jod, I long Thy light to see. A good tr. by 
Miss Winkworth in the 1st Series, 1855, of her 
Lyra Qer., p. 145, omitting st. ii., iiL,vi. In the 
second ed. p. 146, tr. of st. ii., iii., were added. 
Repeated thus as No. 118 in her C. B. for 
England, 1863. 

Other <rj. are, ill omitting at. II., ill., vi., (l)"0Lord! 
1 long Thy face to Me." by Miu Cox, 1941, p. 91 (186*, 

p. IIS); (2) "My soul Is thirsting, Lord, fur Thee," by 
Lndy Elemwr Fottescue, 1S43 (1841, p. 38); (3) " Call me, 
OOod: I came; tori," l>yj>r. G, Walker, ]860. p. tj. 

ill. Hun tret ioh wieder an* dec Boh. [Morning. 
For the Stoi."] Appeared in 1667, p. 2, as above 
(ed. Wendebourg, 1856, p. 1.), in 8 st. of 8 1. 

The trs. are, (1) "Once more from reat I rl*e 
again," by Miss Winkworth, 1855, p. 220 (1856, 
p. 222). (2) " From blest, unconscious sleep I 
wake again," by Miss Cox, 1864, p. 185. 

iv. "ffer Gadoid uad Demuth liebst. [Patience 
and Humility.] Appeared in 1665, p. 92, und 
1667, p. 135, as above (ed. Wendebourg, 1856, 
p. 43), in 1 1 st. of 4 1. ii\ as Patience and Hu- 
mility, by Miss Winkworth, 1869, p. 225. 

[J. M.] 

Apellesvonliowenatern, [LSweastem.] 

*A<f>pa<rrov davfia. St. Cosmos. From 
the Omce for Easter Eve in the Triodittn, i.e. 
the Lent volume which commences with the 
Sunday before Septuagosima, and goes down to 
Easter (see Qnek Hjmnodtf, *'*• 7). It is 
Ode 7 of tlie Canon, and is based on the 
Canticle, " The Song of the Three Children." 
Several Canons during Lent are composed of 
three Odes only ; hence the name of the Lear 
volume " IWodion." The tr. of this Ode, 
" Christ, Who set free the Children three," 
was made by Dr. Littledale for and first pub. 
ta the Peopte's if., 1867, No. 110, signed "L," 
and appointed for Easter Eve. The original 
dates from the early part of the eighth 
century, and is found in modern Greek Ser- 
vice Hooka. The hymn "The Sepulchre is 
holding" is a tr. by Dr, Littledale of Sfywpor 
iw^i tc{$<» from the same tyfiice as the above. 
The author of the original, and the date 
are unknown. Dr. LUtledale's tr. was made 
for and first published in the People's II., 
1867, No. Ill, signed "L. t " and appointed, 
with the above, for Easter Eve. It is repeated 
in the Irvirigite Kijmns for the Use of tlie 
CltKrches, 2nd ed., 1871. [J. J.] 

Apostle of <rar own dear home. 
/. E. Millard. [St. Augustine.] Written for the 



festival of St Augustine, and 1st pub., with a 
second hymnibrthe festival of St. Mary Mag- 
dalene, in the Beelaitstlie, o. 1819, and again 
In Lyra Sanctorum, 1850, p. 92. From this 
later work it was transferred to the People'* 
H., 1867, and signed « J. E. M." 

Apostles of the risen Christ, so 
forth. H. Honor. [Afferions.] Printed in 
the second series of liis Hymn* of Faith & 
Hope, 1863, pp. 142-3, where it is headed 
"The Great Menage," and the motto is 
prefixed: — 

"Que voa mttfttii gloria, qua sahu 
Invttit orble, nncta cohors Del 
Portsw vertrata." Old iQmn. 

It is in 5 st. of 6 1. Its use is mainly con- 
fined to America, [W. T. B.] 

Apparebit zepentlna dies magna 
Domini Anon. e£r. 7 cent, [Jdwnt] Tlie 
earliest referenoe which we hare to this hymn 
is in Bede's Be Metru (672-735). It is an 
acrostic, the flist verse commencing with A, 
the third with B, the fifth with 0, Ac. 
Dr. Neale speaks of it as a "ragged, but 
grand Judgment Hymn," dates it ™ as early 
as the 7th century," and deolares that "it 
manifestly contains the germ of the Die* Ira." 
The text is given in Cassander's Bymni 
EecU*ia*tiei, Col. 1556 ; Thomasme, vol. iL p. 
433 : Bambach, Anthologie, i. p. -126 ; Daniel, 
1841, vol. i. No. 161 ; Du Meril, Poesies Ptoh- 
taire* Lathiet, 1843, p. 135; Trench's S. Lai. 
Poetry, 1849 and 1873, and others. [W. A. S.] 

Translation in C. U.: — 

1. Thai great day of wrath and tenor. By J. 

M. Neale, in his Med. Hymns, 1851, p. 9. From 
this tr. a cebUt has been given in the Cvmbrtte 
II. 2k., 1863, No. 235. Mrs. Charles has alio 
rendered it as : " Suddenly to all appearing the 
great day of God shall come," in her Voice of 
Christian Life in Sang, 1858, p. 142, bat it is 
not in C. V. 

Apparuit bexrignitas. [Chridma*.'] A 
beautiful poem on the Incarnation quoted by 
Mane, No. 51, from a 15th cent vs. at Karls- 
ruhe in 92 lines. There is no tr. of the whole 
poem, but a cento beginning with 1.5,0 amor 
turn autatloiw, was tr. by the Sev. B. Webb, 
for the Hymnal -Y., 1854, in 8 st. of 4 1., the 
doxology being an addition to the original text. 
This tr., considerably altered in some instances, 
has passed into the Salisbury H, Jib., 1837 ; 
H. A. & M., 1861; People'* if., 1867; the 
8. P. O. K. Church Bye., 1871 ; the Hymnary, 
1872; Taring's Coll., 1882, and others. It 
begins in each hymnal : — " Love, how deep, 
how broad, how high ! " The original lines tr. 
are given in L, 0. Biggs's Annotated H.A.& M,, 
1867, p. 177. 

Appleton, Sarah [kum]. 

Approach, my soul, the mercy seat. 

J. Newton. [Lent.'] 1st pub. in the Olney 
Hymn*. 1779, tak. iii., No. 12, in 6 st. of 4 1., 
and again in all later editions of the same 
work It came into early use in the hymnals 
and has attained to a foremost position as one 
of the most popular of Newton s productions. 
In the Olney Hymn* it is the second of two 


hymns headed, "TheEffbrt" The first hymn 
by Newton on this same subject begins: — 
"Cheer up, my soul, there is a mercy seat," 
No. 11, in 6 st, of 41. as above. Its similarity 
to " Approach, my soul," has led some to sup- 
pose it to have been re-written by an unknown 
compiler. In the American College Hymnal, 
N. ¥. 1876, st iL, iii. and iv. are given as 
No. 280, " Lord, I am come, Thy promise is 
my plea." The use of this hymn in any form 
is very limited. 

Aquinas, St. Thomas, [donas of 


Are there not in the labourer's day P 

0. Wetiey. [Duty.] 1st pub. in Hymn* it 
Soared Poem; 1749, vol, L 124, in 5 st of 6 L, 
and entitled, " The way of duty the way of 
safely." In 1780 it was embodied in the We*. 
H. Bit., and from thence has passed into most 
of the hymnals of the Methodist bodies in G. 
Britain and America. It was introduced into 
the collections of the Ch. of England by Top- 
lady, through his P*. A Hy., 177ft Orig. 
text in P. Work*, 1868-72, vol. y. p. 17. 

Axe we doing- as we should, do P T. 
Kelly. [Jf**j<oiw,] Contributed to an ed. of 
his Hymn*, Ac, between 1838 and 1853; in 
ft at of 81. In the 1853 ed. (9th) it is given 
as No. 585, and headed " Questions for Con- 
science." Its use is limited. 

Are we not sons and heirs of God 9 

1. Watt*. [Gravity and Deemey.] 1st pub. 
with his Sermon* on Variant Subjeete, &t!.,1721 t 
and was composed on the subject of his sermon 
on Phil. iv. 8. It was also repeated in 6 st, 
of 4 1. in later eds. of the Sermon*. In Eip- 
pon's 8d. 1787, it was given, No. 229, as :— 
" Behold the sons, the heirs of God,'' and as 
such is known to modern hymnals. 

Are your souls the Saviour seeking P 
[Peace.] This anonymous hymn was given 
by Mr. Denham Smith in his Times of He- 
frething, 1860, in 4 st of 8 1. It has passel 
into several collections, including Com. Prate, 
1880; Hy*.for the Ch. CathoUe, 1882, Ac; 
but in all cases as " A non." 

Arends, WUhelm Erasmus, s. of E. P. 
Arnds, pastor at Langenstem, near Halber- 
stadt was b. at Langonstein, Feb. 5, 1677. He 
became, in 1707, pastor at Crottorf, near Hal- 
berstadi, and in 1718, pastor of the church of 
St Peter and St Paul in Halberstodt. He d. 
at the latter place, May 16, 1721 (Kooft, iv. 
389 ; AUg. Deutsche Biog., i. 516 : MS. from 
Pastor Spierling, Holberstadt, and Pastor 
Sohafft, Langenstein). He is said to have con- 
tributed three hymns to pt ii., 1714, of Frey- 
linghausen'e Q. B. Of theso No*. 118, 303 
are ascribed to him at p. 8 of the Qrischow- 
Kirchner^iioftrieftr, 1771, to Freylinghaueen's 
O . B., while the other is left anonymous. It 

Xiiatst toot Uu CarirtaaUttt*. [ChrUtian War- 
fare.'] First pub. as No. 360 in 1714 as above, 
in 4 at. of 11 L Dr. Jacobs of Wernigerode in- 
forms me that Count Christian Ernst of Werni- 
gerode (d. 1771\ a well-known German hytnno- 


logiat, ascribed it to Arendi in a marked copy of 
the 1741 ed. of Freylinghansen's 0. B. Koch 
styles it '■ a coll to arms for spiritual conflict and 
victory." Included in many later hymn-books, 
and recently as No. 675 in the Berlin Q. L. 3., 
ed. 1863. 

Translation in C. U. : — 

Christians, prayer may well employ ye* A full 
and goodtr. contributed by J. M. Sloan swNo. 389 
to Wilson's Service of Praise, 1865. [J, M.] 

Arglwydd tomato. trwy*r anialwbh. 
W. WiUiamt. [Strength to pats through the 
Wtidernete.] This was pub. in the 1st ed. of 
the author's AUeluia, Bristol, 1743, in 5 at, of 
61., as follows: — 

Bertk i fyned trvnfr Aniahoeh. 

1. Aiglwydd, arwsin trwy*r aoialwch 

Fi bererin gwael el wedd, 

Nad oss ynof nerth na by wyd, 

Fel yn garwedd yn y bedd: 

Ydyw'r un s'm cwyd i"r ten. 

2. Colofn din tWr nos I'm herwain. 

A inoY golofh niwl j dydd i 

Dal a pnnbwy'n teftblo'r msnau 

Geirwon yn fy fforud y aydd : 

Rbolmt ttnitt, 
Fel iu bwyf yn llwfrbau. 

3. Agor y ffynnoniu meles 

ilydd yn taiddu o'r Gralg 1 maes ; 
Tthyd yr unal mawr ainlyned 
Alan lachewdwrlaeth gAs ; 

Rho ImL hyny j 
Dim i ml oad ay fwynhau. 

4. Pan bwy'n myned trwy*r Iorddonen— 

Angeu creulon yn el lym, 
Tl eat trwyddt gynt dy bnnon, 
P'am yr onui bellach ddim ? 

Gwna 1ml waeddi yn y lllf I 

0. Ytnddlrtednf yn dy alio, 

Mawr yw'r gwalth a wnest crlocd : 
Ti seat uigau, ti gest uflern, 
Ti gest Satin dan dydtoed: 

Nao aed hwnw bytb o'm col. 

The first tr. of a part of this hymn into 
English was by Peter Williams, in his Hymn* 
on rariotu Subjects (vii-\ Together roitk The 
Novice Instructed: Being an abttraet of a 
Utter mitten to a Friend. By the iter. P. 
William*, Carmarthen. 1771, Printed for the 
author i and was aa follow* : — 
"Hnw V. 

Fraying for Strength. 
"Guide me, O Thou great Jehovah, 
Pilgrim thro* this barren land, 
J am weak, but Thou art migtuy, 
Hold me with Tby powerful band : 

Bread of heaven, 
Feed me till I want no more. 

"Open Hwu lbs pleasant fountains, 
Where the living waters flow J 
Let the river of salvation 
Follow all the desert thro' : 

May Thy presence 
Always load and comfort me, 

" Lord, 1 trust Thy mighty power, 
Wondrous are Thy works or old ; 
Thou deUvertt Thine from thraldom, 
Who for nought themselves bad sold; 



Thou didst ( 
Sin, and Satan and tho grave.' 

t conquer 
and tho gr 

These stanzas are a tr. of st i, iii., v. W. 
Williams himself adopted the tr. of at. L, tr. 
si iii. and ir. into English, added a fourth 
stanza, and printed them as a leaflet as 

"A FAvoonrre Htkk, 

sung by 

Lady Huntingdon's Young Collegians. 

Printtd 6y the detire of manp chriititm friendt. 

Lord, give It Thy blessing I 


" Guide me, O Thau neat Jehovah, 

Pilgrim through this barren hind ; 

1 am weak, but Thou art mighty. 

Hold me with Thy pow^ful band: 
Bread of heaven, bread of heaven, 
Feed me till I want no more. 


"Open now the chiystal fountain, 

Whence the beating stream doth flowj 
Let the fire and cloudy pillar 

Lead me all my Journey thro' : 
Strong Dellv'ier, strong Dellv'rer, 
Be Thou still my strength and shield. 

" When I tread the verge of Jordan, 

Bid my anxious fours subside j 
. Death of deat1», and hell's deetructlOD, 

Land me safe on Canaan's slue : 
Bongs of praises, songs of pnites, 
1 will ever give to Tbee. 


H Musing on my habitation. 

Musing on my he&v'nly home, 

Fills my soul with holy longings : 
Owns, my Jesus, quickly come ; 

Vanity Is all I see j 

l<ord, 1 long to be with Thee ! " 
This leaflet was undated, but was o. 1772. 
During the same or the following year, it was 
included in the Lady H. OoH., 5th ed., Bath, 
W. dye, No. 94, Stanzas i.-iii. had previously 
appeared in The Coll. of Hyt. sung in the 
Countm of Huntingdon'* Chapel* in Sunex. 
Edinburgh ; Printed by A. Donaldson, for Wil- 
liam Balcombe, Angmoring, Bmtex, So. 202, 
This is undated; but Mr. Brooke's copy con- 
tains the autograph, " Elizabt. Featherslone- 
haugh, 1772," the writing and ink of which 
sliow it to be genuine. We can safely date it 
1771. It was repeated iu G. Whitefleld's P», 
d> Bus,, 1773 ; in Conger*, 1774, and others, 
until it has beoome ons of the most extensively 
used hymns in the English language. There 
are diversities of text in use tbe origin of 
which in every case It is difficult to determine. 
The most widely known are : — 

1. Where tbe ttth line In each stsnza. reads respec- 
tively, "Bread of heaven," "Strong deliverer," and 
"Songs of praises," the arrangement is from the lady B, 
Coll., mi. This form is given In nineteen out of every 
twenty hymnals which adopt the hymn, including 
B. A, A Jf„ fee. 

2. Where the 5th line reads respectively, "Lord of 
Glory," "Strong deliverer," "Loin and Saviour," the 
text Is from CotteriU's «(., lSio to lsis, where it is 
changed to the plural throughout. 

3. Where tbe Mb line reads respectively, "Of Thy 
goodness," "Strong Deliverer," and "Grateful praises, 1 ' 
the changes were made in Hall's Mitre, 1K3S. 

4. The original, with tbe amission of lines 5 and 6 In 
each etaaxa, thereby reducing it to S 1% given in many 
American hymnals, appeared in the PrayerSk, &&, 1636. 

In addition to these there are altered texts, as lbllowa : 

5. Guidt uj, O I*ob grtat .Redeemer. In JfcrreK 4 
flow, IBM ; .Scottish Epitc. B, Bk^ iboa, and other*. 

S. 67slde ttt, flbou wAoh A'ome it Savhmr, By J. 
KeWe, re-wrltten for the SaXittmry B. Bk., ISaT, and 
repeated In the PeopU't B., ISM, Sartm, Lass, the 
^■tuory, lata, em. 

T. Guide tu, Jan, floly Saoimtr. In (he PariA E 
Bit, 1S*»-)S. This la Keble'e alteration of Williama, 
agsin altered. 

8. Quids ut, O IftoH great Deliverer. In the BugUsk 
fljwtiwJ, by J. A. Jobnston, Jnd ed., ISM, No. 1ST. 

9. I*oh Great Jduroak, lead to. This form of the 
text Is In K amedy, 1S93, Ko. 6SS. 

IS. Guide ui,0 eternal Saviour. In The Orictttia B. 
Sk^ 1841, No. 1M. 



This hymn in one form or another has been 
rendered into many languages, but invariably 
from the English. These trs. included the 
Bev. B. Bingham's rendering into Latin, 
" Magne to, Jehova," of the 3 st. arrange- 
ment, given with the English text, in his 
Hymno. Christ. Lai., 1871. [J. J.] 

Avian, and follow me. H. Al/ord. [St. 
Matthea.] This hymn Is No. 261 of his Year 
of Praise, 1867. In his Poetical Work*, 1868, 
p. 308, it is dated 3844; but it is not in his 
Pi. & Hyt., 1844, nor in his School of the Heart, 
Ac, 1845. We have not traced it in a printed 
form beyond Johnston's English Hymnal, 1852, 
No. 205, where it is given with a doxology. 

Arise and hail the happy [sacred] 
day. [Christmas.] Pub. anonymously in the 
Liverpool Liturgy, 1763, p. 155, in 5 st. of 6 1. 
In 1769 it was given in the Bristol Bapt. CoU. 
of Ash A Evans, No. 96, and subsequently in 
several of the older hymn-books. In modem 
collections it is sometimes found as, "Arise 
and hail the sacred day," as in Hall and Loam's 
Evangelical Hymnal, If. T.,1880. The chorus, 
" O then let heaven and earth rejoice," is not 
in tho ordinal. It appeared >in some collec- 
tions early in the present century. [See Butt, 

Arise, in all Thy splendour, Lord. 
Sarah Slinn. [Missions.] In J. Dobell'a New 
Selection, Ac, 1800, No. 432, pt 2, in 6 st. 
of 4 1., 5 st. of which are from No. 47 of J. 
Griffin's Set. of Missionary & Devotional Hyt,, 
Portsea, 1797. The hymn " Though now the 
nations sit beneath," was re-written for Ameri- 
can use, by L. Bacon (q. v.) from DobeU. 

Arise, my soul, arise, Shake off; See. 
a Wesley. [Christ the Mediator.} 1st pub. 
in Hymns St Soared Patau, 1742, p. 264, in 
5 st. of 6 1. and entitled "Behold the Man." 
(P. World, 1868-72, vol. ii. p. 323.) In 1780 
It was included in the Wet. H. Bk. as No. 194 
in an unaltered form, and has been repeated 
in all subsequent editions fed. 1875, No. 202). 
From the Wet. H. Bk. it has passed into all 
the collections of the Methodist bodies in all 
English-speaking countries, and also into 
many hymnals outside of Methodism both in 
O. Britain and America. It has also been 
rendered into various languages. One in 
Latin, by the Bev. B. Bingham : — " Surge, 
surge,Mons mea," is given in his&jrmnoi. Christ 
Lot., 1871. Mr. Stevenson has collected in 
his Meth. H, Bk. Note*, 1883, numerous illus- 
trations of the direct value which this hymn 
has been to many. 

Arise, my soul, arise, This earth, 
See J. Gobb. [Oenerul] Contributed to 
the English Soared Songster, 1873, together 
with his tune "Heavenward," No. 37, and re- 
published, unaltered, in his WeJburn Appendix, 
1875, No. 93, but set to another tune (Leyden) 
also by Mr. Gabb. 

Arise, my soul, arias, Thy [The] Sa- 
viour's sacrifice, tec. C. Wetley. [On 
the Titles of Cltrist] Appeared in Hymns 


and Sacred Poem), 1739, in 15 st. of 6 1. In 
1780, when included in the Wet. H. Bk., it 
was given as one hymn in two ports (Na 187), 
but as early as 1809 the parts were numbered 
as separate hymns, and they are given thus in 
the revised ed., 1875, Nos. 194, 195 ; and in 
most collections of the Methodist bodies. The 
second part or hymn is, "High above every 
Name." In Kennedy, 1863, the second line of 
part 1, as above, begins, " The Saviour's sacri- 
fice." Outside of the Methodist collections 
the use of both hymns is limited. (Orig. text, 
P. Works, 1868-72, vol. i. p. 146.) 

Arise, my soul, In songs to own. 
Joseph Irons. [Praise to God the Father."] 
From his Zion't Hymns, Ac, 3rd ed., 1825, 
No. 15, in 4 st. of 4 1., into Suepp's Bangs of 

0. & C, 1872, unaltered. 

Arise, my soul, my joyful powers. 

1. Watts. [Bedemption.] 1st puh. iu his 
Hymns and Spiritual Songs, 1707, bk. ii., No, 
82, in 6 st. of 4 1., and entitled " Bedemption 
and Protection from Spiritual Enemies." Its 
use, generally in an abbreviated form, Iihb been 
and still is limited, in G. Britain, but is some- 
what extensive in America. 

Arise, my bouL nor dream the hours, 

[Redeeming the Time.] An anonymous hymn 
in Longfellow and Johnson's Amer. Hys. of 
the Spirit, 1864, No. 568. 

Arise, my tenderest thoughts, arise, 
P. Doddridge. [Sorrow because of Sin.] 
Written, June 10, 1789, on tho text, Ps. 
cxix. 158 ["». *bs."} and 1st pub. in J. 
Ortou's ed. of Doddridge's Hymns, Ac., 1755, 
unaltered, in' 5 st, of 4 1. and headed, " Be- 
holding Transgressors with Grief." Also re- 
peated in J. D. Humphreys's od. of Doddridge, 
18S9._ It came into O. U. at an early date, 
both in the Ch. of England and amongst the 
Nonconformists, and is still retained in nume- 
rous collections in O. Britain and America. 
It is a powerful aud strongly worded hymn of 
the older type, and is stilted for nee on behalf 
of missions. 

Arise, ye people, and adore- Harriet 
Auber. [Ps. xhrii.] 1st pub, in her Spirit of 
the Psalms, 1829, in 4 st. of 4 1., « Hallelujah '' 
being added to the last st, only. It is in 
many American Colls., and is moro popular 
there than in England. [W. T. B.] 

Arise, ye saints, arise, T. Kelly. 
[Christ the LeaderA 1st pub. in the 3rd ed. of 
his Hymns on. V. P. of Seripture, 1809, No. 77, 
in 7 stof41., and headed, " He teacheth my 
hands to war," Fa, xviii. 84. In 1812 it was 
taken out of the above, and Included in 
Kelly's Hymns adapted for Social Worship, 
No. 88, but subsequently it was restored to 
the original work. Full text in Hymns, 
M. Moses, Dublin, 1853, No. 253. As iu 
0. U. both in G. Brit, and America, it is iu 
an abbreviated form, but the arrangement of 
stanzas differs in various collections. 

Arise, your voices all unite. Bp. B, 
Mont. [Praise.'] An original composition 
included in bis Indent Hymns from the Bum, 


Bren., Ac, 18S7, No. 83, in 6 at. of 4 L and 
entitled, " Hyinn cuuunemorative of the Ob- 
ject of Christian Worship," ed. 1871, No. Sit. 

Arm of the Lord, awake, awake. 
The Jverrors, Sea. 0. Wesley. \_Mmwnt.'] 
A. cento computed of stanzas from three of 
the Hymn* of i'eh'ttott ami Thanksgiving for 
the Printline of the Father, pub. by J. & C. 
Wesley in 1740. Stanza 1, from hymn 18, 
at. 1 1 2 from hymn 21, at 2 ; 8 ami 4 from 
hymn 22, st. 1 and 4. It was embodied in the 
Supp. to the IKei. i/. Bh. iu 1830, No. <i98. In 
the revised ed. of tliat Coll., 1875, No. 443, 
the last stanza is omitted. Orig. text, P.Worke, 
1808-72, toI. iv. p. 18(i. 

Arm of the Lord, awake, awake. 
Thine own, &o. C. Wettey. [Afisriotw.] 
Tliia hymn was included in the first three 
editions of ifyntns & Sacred Poemt, all of 
which were pub. in 1739 (u 222), bat omitted 
in the fourth ami fifth editions. In 1719 it 
wag included in anotlier series of Hytm* A 
Saered Poem*, as the second part of a para- 
phrase of the 51st of Isaiah in 10 st.of 4 1. In 
1780, 6 st. were included in tbe Wt». H. Sk, 
No. 875, and are retained in the revised ed. of 
1875, No. 386. The same arrangement is also 
found in several collections both in G. Brit 
and America. Orig. test, V. Works, 1868-72, 
vol. iv. p. 302. Another hymu opening with 
the same first line, and of a simitar character, 
was pub. in C. Wesley's Hymtu written »n the 
time of the Tumults, June 1780, No. is., Bristol, 
1780. The Tumults referred to took place in 
tendon. It is not in C IT. Orig. text, P. 
Work*, 1868-72, voL viii. p. 273. 

Armstrong, Florence Catherine, 
daughter cf William Armstrong, if j>., of 
Oollooney, Co. Bligo, Ireland, b. March 18, 

1843. Her well-known hymn : — 

to 1m ow yonder {Longing for Heaven] was 
written in 1862, and pub. without her consent 
in the British Herald, Feb. 1865, p. 24, and 
dated "Jany., 1865." It soon attained an 
extended circulation, and was given in sereral 
collections In 1875 Miss Armstrong acknow- 
ledged the authorship in her work, The King 
in Hit Beauty and Other Poem. 

Arnds, W. R (Arenas, w. S.] 

Arndt, Ernst Morita, son of Ludvrig 

Nicolaus Amdt, estate manager for Count 
Putbug, in the island of Biigeo, was b. at 
Bchorite in Biigen, Deo. 26, 1769. After 
studying at the Universities of Greifswald 
and Jena, where he completed his theological 
course under Paulas, he preached for two 
years as a candidate, but in 1708 abandoned 
theology. After a pedestrian tour through 
South Germany, Hungary, Northern Italy, 
France, and Belgium, be became, at Easter 
1800, lecturer at the University of Greifswald, 
and in 1805 professor of history there. But in 
1806, lamenting over the tyranny of France, 
he wrote his fiery Geitt der Zeit (pt. ii. 1809, 
iii. 1813, iv. 1818) which awakened the 
patriotism of his countrymen, but drew on 



him tbe hatred of Napoleon, ao that he had to 
flee to Sweden, and was not able to return to 
Greifswald till 1810. He again left Greifs- 
wald in 1812, awl found a home with Baron 
v. Stein at St. Petersburg. After various 
wanderings, during which he wrote many 
pamphlets inciting his countrymen, as none 
else could, to deeds of valour, and composed 
his well-known songs (all of dalo 1813), 

" Iter Gate, der Eleen weebsen lies*. 
O du Deutschiand, Iclt miuu margclueren. 
Was biasen die Trompeten? 

which were said to liave done more to inspire 
the troops than a victory won, lie settled for 
some time at Cologne as editor of a patriotic 
newspaper. In 1818 ho was appointed 
professor of history in the newly-founded 
University of Bonn. Being accused by the 
Conservative leaders tlien in power of teach- 
ing Republicanism, he was, in 1820, un- 
justly deposed ^though his salary was con- 
tinued to him), end was not restored till the ac- 
cession of Friedrich Wilhelm IV. to the throne 
of Prussia in 1840. In token of respect he 
was elected Bectorof the University 1840-1841, 
and lectured as professor till 1854. He con- 
tinued his tranquil life at Bonn, varied by 
delusive hopes of better things from the 
Revolutionary periods of 1848 and 1859, till 
after having passed liis ninety-first birthday 
(when he received some three hundred 
messages of congratulation which ho person- 
ally answered) ho departed to the Heavenly 
Fatherland, Jan. 29, 1860. 

A man of learning, tt true patriot, & distinguished 
poet, and a, man greatly revered and beloved of tbe 
people, be wai a worthy modern representative of ibe 
"old Arndt," nuthorof the True C&riiUantiy ; a. man 
of deep religious feeling, and a true-hearted and eimeat 
witness for the Evangelical Faith. By his well-known 
F<Ht dent lPert itnd mm de» JftnAenUede, Bonn, IS1*, he 
waa one of the prime movers in tbe reaction which has 
now rescued moat of tbe German landsfrom the Incubus 
of xvlll. cent. nationalistic hymn-books. To this pam- 
phlet he annexed 33 hjmna, hla beat known. Of tbe 
remalniitg 5d some 3? appeared in bis Oeitilickc l.ieder, 
Berlin, 184S, and tbe rest in tbe Fnnkntrt, 1818, and 
later edition* of his OvHckit— the so-called complete 
edition of which, pub. at Berlin law, contains *2J 
secular and sacred pieces, ranging from 1TST to less, 
with a preface dated in Christmas week ISM. 

vil. UC-1« ; Mta, VeutKhe Blag., I. MO-SW.) 


The following 14 hymns by him have been 
tr. into English : — 

L Bsrhail'fe Ghxiat lat kommen. [Christinas.] 
1st pub. in 1818, vol. i. p. 319, und tr. as "The 
blessed Christ is coming," by C. T Jsiley, 1860, 
p. 24, in 4 st. of 8 L 

1L Dtoh Odst Aer TTahdwit, (Mat is* Kraft. 
[Whitsuntide.] A Prayer to the Holy Spirit. 
let pnb. 1619 (No. 32), us above, in 8 st. of 4 1. 
Tr. by J. Kelly, 1885, p. 67, "O Spirit, Thou of 
love and might." 

iii. 91* Velt ttut Ihro Anfen m. [Child 1 * 
Evening Hymn.] 1st pub. 1818 (vol. i. p. 26ft), ns 
above, in 4 st. of 8 I. Tr. by J. Kelly, 1885, 
p. 109, " The busy world its eyes doth close." 

iv. Be lebt sin (relet, dureh welchan diet 1*M. 
[The Spirit of Ood.] lat pub. 1818 (vol. i. p. 
281) as above in 5 st. of 4 1., and tr. as: — 
"There is a Spirit — universal Souree," by C. T, 
Astley, I860, p. 14. 


t. 0«|u|gi lit du fiouuenttefct, [j^twiwyf.] 
Written in 1813, and 1st pub. 1818 (vol. ii. p. 
230) as above, in S st. of 8 )., entitled : " The 
traveller's evening hymn." Tr, as (1) " The sun- 
light hoe departed," by Dr. Magttire, 1883, p. 49 ; 
(2) "The fields and woods all silence keep," by 
J. Kelly, 1885, p. 112. 

vi. Gent nun his mid grant meiu Grab. [Burial 
of the Dead.] Written in 1818, and 1st pub. 
1819 (No. 19) as above in 9 at. of 6 1., and 
included in Bunsen's Versttch, 1833, and since in 
many other collections, e.g. Vhv. L. S.. 1851, No. 
81S. It is the moat popular of his hymns and 
was sung at his own funeral at Bonn, Feb. 1, 
1 860 (AocA, vii. 147). The rra. in C, (J. are :— 

(I) O* and dig my pare to-day 1 A good and 
full tr. in the 1st Series, 1855, of Miss Wink- 
worth's Lyra Ger., p. 241 (ed. 1856, p. 243), 
and repeated as No. 188 in her C. B.for England, 
1863. In SchafFs Christ m Song, ed. 1879, p. 536. 

(ft) Waary now of wandering lien. A tr. of 
at. i., iv., vi., ii., signed " F. C. C.,* aa No, 280, 
in Dr. Pagenstecher's Coll., 1864. 

Other trs. are : (1) * Go ! arid let my grave be made," 
V Miss Cox, 13*1, p. 83 (issm. p, as); (1) " Prepare 
me now my narrow bed, by Lady Eleanor Forteacue, 
1843 (1M», p. M)s (3) "do ikv, my friends and dig 
my grave,* by Dr. G. Walker, 18S0, p. 1M ; (i) " Mow 
go forth and dig my grave," by A. M. Jeoffreson, In 
Crfden jnmra, 1813, p. S3, 

vii. Qott, deiao Kindleui tretea, [ChSdren.'} 1st 
pub. 1818 (vol. i p. 275) as above, in 5 st. of 4 
I. It is tr. as " Oh, gracious God I Thy children 
come before Thee," by C. T. Astley, 1860, p. 88, 

viiL Iehweise, woraa ion glaube. [TKeJtoch of 
Salvation.] Written in 1818, and 1st pub. 1819 
(No. 28) as above in 6 st. of 8 I. In Knapp's 
Ee. L. S., 1837, No. 1396 (ed. 1865, Ho. 1348), 
it begins "loh weiss, an wen ich glanbe." The 
trs. in C. V. are : — 

(1) I know In Whom I put my trust. A good tr. 
of st. i., iv.-vi. of Knapp*$ text in the SnoTSeries, 
1858, of Miss Winkworth's Lyra Qer., p. 162. 
Included as No. 1170 in Kennedy, 1863, and 
recently in Schaffs Christ in Song, ed. 1879, p. 
426, and Lib. of Bet. Poetry, ed. 1883, p. 670. 

(I) I know Whom I believe in, a tr, from 
Kmtpp, omitting st. ii., iii., as No. 288 in the 
Ohio Luth. Hymnal, 1880. 

is. Sana ieh betea, 1st in HSthta. [The Aimer 
of Prayer.'] Written in 1818, and 1st pub. 1819 
(No. 29) ns above in 8 st. of 7 L, and tr. 
" When I can pray, Without delay," by 6 T. 
Astley, 1860, p. 10. 

x. Und uingst dn immar lieba wieder, [The 
Lout of Christ! 1st pub, 1855, as above, p. 57, 
in 5 at. of 6 1, Tr. by J. Ktlly, 1885, p. 34, 
" And doat thou alwaya love proclaim." 

xj. Vnd wlllat dn gar vanageu [Trust in God.] 
Written in 1854, and lat pub. as above, 1855, p. 
81, in 6 st. of 81. It ie tr. as "And art thou nigh 
despairing," in the Family Treasury, 1877, p. 1 10. 

xiL Was fat die Xaaht, was 1st die Kraft. [Holy 
Scripture.'} Written in 1818, and 1st pub. 
1819 (No. 30) as above in 6 st. of 6 1., and in- 
eluded in Hota'a Pilgerharfe, Basel, 1863, No. 31. 
Tr. (1) "What is the Christian's power and 
might ? " by R. Massie, in the British Herald, 
April, 1865, p. 61. (2) " What is the Christian 
soldier's might, What is," by B. Massie in the 
Day of Rest, 1878, vol. viii. p. 335. 


xiiL Wenn au> dem Sunkela feh mieh Mime, 
[Hope in God.'] Written in 1818, and 1st pub. 
1819 (No. 18) as above, in 7 st. of 61. Included, 
omitting st. ii., as No. 2401 in Knapp's J?u. L. S., 
1837 (ed. 1865, No. 2128). Tr. as " When in 
the dej>ths of night I'm sighing," in the British 
Herald, Aug. 1866, p. 312, repeated as No. 410, 
in Reid's Praise Bk., 1872. 

xtv, Wer hat dan Band gonKhlt, wotoherim Waster 
haust. [The Attnighty God.] lat pub. 1818 
(i. p. 297) and included in 1819 (No. 6) as 
above, in 4 St. of 3 1. TV. as " Who cau on the 
seashore," in Dr. Dnlcken's Golden Harp, 1864, 
p. 32. There is also a free tr. in the Unitarian 
H\j$. for Children, Glasgow, 1855, No. 28, be- 
ginning: — "Who has counted the leaves that 
tall?" [J.M.] 

Arnold, Gottfried, son of Gottfried 
Amold, sixth, master of the Town School of 
Annaberg in the Saxon Harx, b. at Anna- 
berg Sept. 5, 1666. His life was varied and 
eventful, and although much of it had little 
to do with hymnody from an English point 
of view, yet his position in German Hymno- 
logy is such as to necessitate an extended 
notice, which, through pressure of space, must 
be (typographically) compressed. 

After passing through the Town School and tl»e 
gymnasium at Gem, be matriculated In 16SS at the 
University of Wittenberg— where he found tbe atricteat 
Lutheran orthodoxy In doctrine combined with the 
loosest of living. Preserved by his enthusiasm for 
stndy from the grosser vices of hla fellows, turning to 
contemplate the lives of the first Christians, he began 
those inveatlgationa in Church History on which nie 
tame principally rate, and thought of preparing himself 
to become a lecturer aud professor, the worldly spirit 
which pervaded the Church repelling him from seeking 
to become one of her ministers. Accepting In ItiBV an 
appointment aa family tutor at Dresden, he became a 

disciple of Stoener, then Court Preacher. Seeing and 
testifying against the ill-living of those around hftn 
loat his appointment in teas, but by Spener*e recom- 

mendation obtained a similar poet at Quedllnbnrg, the 
centre of a recent religious Revival, one of the leaders 
in which was the Senior Conrt diaoonua, J. H. Sprogel. 
While at Quedlinbnrg he wrote and pub. hia first work 
of importance : I*e .Writ, a trutPicturtqf the 

First Christians in tSeir Living FatiA, and Holy Lift, 
16SS, a book glowing with faith and earnestness, which 
gained a rapid circulation (Mb ed. 1T37) and was very 

greatly valued by P. J. Spener. Being thus brought 
into notice he was In isbT appointed by tbe Landgrave 
Ernst Ludwig of Hesse-Darmstadt as Professor of 
History at Qiessen. Accepting the post In a hopeful 
spirit, he did not find himself at home In bis surround- 
ings, and, unable to work aa he wished, was constrained 
to resign in lees. Returning to Qnedlinburg be found 
leisure in the bouse of his friend Sprogel to pursue 
tbe Investigationa for his Unparttiiseh* Kirehen- vnd 
Eetter-Riaerie (Frankfurtom-Main, 1SSS-1700). This 
epocn-making work, tbe most Important of all bis 

pent and most bean- 

publications, a monument of gigantic industry and 

to bring out clearly the most prominent am 
tiful features of tbe Church life of bygone ages, 
the more important works that preceded It had been 
largely partisan. It was dedicated to the King or 
Prussia, who, Jan., 1T02, named him Historiographer; 
it gained for him the King's help, but by the favourable 
views taken of the heretice, and the unfavourable light 
in which the action of the Church towards them was 
often regarded, a atorm of iudienotionwas raised against 
him throughout the Church. About this time he joined the 
" New Angel Brotherhood " (S. Matt. xxil. so), of the 
followers of tbe mystic Jskob BUhme, wrote in 1700 bis 
Jry«et» o/ tie Wtt&m. if Go* (see below), In which 
Heavenly Wisdom was represented as a pure Virgin, 
union with whom would preclude any earthly marriage, 
and ceased to partake of Holy Comrnnnlon to public. 
Thereupon tbe ecclealaEtical authorities took action, and 
would have banished him from QuedUnburg had not 


the King of PtumI* interfered and sent two comma Batons 
In irw and 1701 on Arnold'* behalf. 

^ow cflmo tbe turning point in hia .ife. A thiol who 
tad broken Into the oooee of tbe Sprugela was appre- 
hended At Allstedt, About A0 miles soutli. To bring the 
thief to Justice. SpiugeL'B vile and Uei youngest daugh- 
ter, Anna Maria, went thither under Arnold's care. 
Preaching before the widowed INicheu of Sacheen- 
Etgemacb, Arnold htm summoped by her to become 
preacher At her Court at A Listed^ and before entering 
on hia duties toib, on Sept. 5, 1701, nunted in Church at 
QaodlLnburg to Anna Maria Spruce. — a union productive 
of the happiest result*, and which in great me&Biire 
cured him of his SepamtLftt tendencies, hut -which 
brought the ridicule of hie enemiee upon hEm, and 
cirtwrd hie expuJeira from the Angel Brotherhood. 
Entering upon hia duties at Allstedt In It 02, he encoun- 
tered mucb opposition, and thus, in 1TQ&, gladly accepted 
ftwn the King of Prussia an appointment aa pastor and 
Inspector of Worten in the Altmark (near the Junction 
of the Elbe and Havel), as successor to his futber-in^law, 
who had removed thence from (juedllnourg. As hia 
persecutors gave him no rest, he accepted from the 
magistrates of Perleberg, a few miles farther north, the 
pastorate there, to which the King added the inspectorate 
of the district, beginning hia labours on tne S?ad 
Sunday after Trinity, 1707, by a sermon on St- Matt. 
xiH. i&. Unwearied in word and work, by preaching, 
by household visitation, and by the composition of 
devotional manuals (one of which, entitled Para&itti- 
tcher Lutig&rttRi 1T00- , reachfli a Tth ed. In 1HC), he 
sought the good of his flock and won universal love and 
esteem. Hia excessive devotion to study (publishing no 
leas than &8 works, some being folios, wltldn 20 yeanf)und 
his sedentary habit*, brought on a nevere attack of scurvy » 
On Whit-Sunday, 1714, when barely recovered from his 
illness, a recruiting party burst into the church and 
Impressed some of the young men who were in the net 
of recetvjug Holy Communion. This outrage was his 
death-blow* (Mtbone3rtday,May3i,a$pre-aiTanged,he 
preached a funeral sermon, but had to be supported by 
the sexton to enable him to finish it, " like a faithful sol- 
dier keeping hie post till his lout gasp." Tbrco days 
be lay in an armchair, and was then removed to bed. 
In earnest exhortation to his friends to full renunciation 
of self and of the world and complete dedication to God, 
In peaceful communion with God not nnmingled with 
the bitterneesof an early end, the days paased, till onMay 
30, 1YU, after he hod raised himneLr in bed and 02- 
ckurned "Frisch auf, frtsch auf! Die Wagea her und 
fort," hia spirit peacefully passed away, his mortal 
body being consigned to the grave on Juno l — accompa- 
nied by a weeping multitude comprising nearly all the 
Inhabitants of tha place. 

As & poet Arnold holds a high place* 
though but few of his hymns (mostly written 
at Quedlitiburg) wre entirely fitted for use in 
public Tvorebip. Ehmann characterises liis 
poems as full of originality, as pervaded with 
a deep zeal for s&nctifle&tion and the fear 
of God, and mth clawing devotion and 
intensity of love for Christ, All oro tinged, 
some very deeply, with his mysticiom, deal- 
ing largely in theoBophio language with the 
marriage of the son! to God, They found 
admission into the hymn-boots of the 
Separatists and the Pietists, and many of 
them in modem times are included in Knapp's 
Ev. L. B> They appeared in the following 
works : — 

(l) Gottt icke Lithe*- Fttncktn. Atu dem prostm fitter 
der lAeht Qottet in Qkritto Jetu tnttprangett, Frank- 
furt am Main, 1&9S. Containing 140 pieces, including 
bis beat hymns. (2) Andtrer ThriXdcr Qtitttichtn Littx s- 
Jfunclwn. Frankfurt, 1T01. 36 pieces. (3} Dot G&- 
tieimnittdergi/ttlickcn Sophia, <ter Wetihtit, bctchrieben 
uitd bauagen. Leipzig, 1700- The poetical portion of 
this work 1b in two ports: — i. Poetuehe loo- vnd 
Liebct'SprQche (lW) : H. Jftue ffottliehe Litbet PuncJxn 
(133). j4) iMu ehdtc&e und unverthtticJitc JLeten der 
trtten C*rtWen,lcc. Frankfurt, lTua, with on appendix 
of lft poems. (&) jV«mt Kern vjaXtvr Grtifatgtbttei ftc 



Lelpsg, 1T6B, with a collection of hymns Appended, 
entitled Sin neutr Xtrn rtcAt ftittlither tieblichtr 
Mater— JIT in all. 

As these works contain a good many hymna 

by other authors, the tatk of discrimination is 
not easy, and thus it comes to pass that in 
the collected editions by Albert Knapp 
(Stuttgart, 1845) and by K. C. E. Ehmann 
{Stuttgart, 185G) a number of pieces tre 
included which are not really by Arnold. 
Somewhut curiously, Hits Winfrwortli, in her 
Christian Singers of Germany, 1869, has 
selected throo pieces, and only three, as 
favourable specimens of Arnold, and as it 
happen*, not one is really by him. Knapp 
frequently abridges and alters, while Ehmann 
gives a valuable introduction, the unaltered 
text of 139 hymns, and, as on appendix, a 
selection from the poems not in regular form 
(Koch, vi. 138-159; Ehmann's Introduction, 
AUg. Deutsche Biog., L 587-588). The hymns 
here noted are arranged thus: I. Probably 
by Arnold: II Possibly by Arnold ; UL Not 
by Arnold, but not found earlier than in the 
works mentioned above. Of these the follow- 
ing have been rendered into English : — 

I. Hymns probably by Arnold, 1-9. 

1, Ew'ge Witiktlti Jua ChiJat. ['.me to ChriltJ 
Founded on CantlcLn Till. 6 t and let pub. 1700 ab above, 
No. S3 (Bhmttm't ed. ISS6, p. 118), In IB «t. of « 1, 
and Included u No. hot in yreylistgh<xuten*t G. B. 1T04. 
Tr. as" Christ, tnou'rt Wtedom unto me," No. 6B5ln pt. 
t. of the Mtoraeiaa if, Bk. 1JM. 

8. H(j]d«U(» Sfttttr-tuiun. [ Victory tf lout,] 1)01 
p. 61, as above (iftmann'f ed. IMS, p. 1T31 in II Jt. 
of .S 1., and thence a& No. 46t in fYtytinghauaa'i 
G. B. DD4. Tr* as "Thou, Qod 1 ^ beloved I«iBb," as 
No. 62S in pt. t. of tho Moravian H. Sit. 1H4. In W8» 
altered to "Thou, God's most holy Lamb," and in 1801 
and later eds. to " Jehovah ! holy Lamb." 

3. Va Sirai-T5cht«r die iar nuht U<bm to OLWif.] 
Founded on Cimtltles iii. II, ond 1st pnb. 1T0O aa above, 
So. *1 (Mmottit'i ed. 18S0, p. ldlj in 13 st. of t L 
Included as Ko. Via in the Jlerrnhut G. B. ITS*. Tr. 
as " Daughters of Zlon, -wlio're no more," No. 691 inpt.i, 
of tne Moravian /f. hit. 17&4. 

4. Koram bn^* dich tlef, mein Hen u^id Binr. 
[ttanitgminff to Oa-M.J 1st pnb. lluj u above, 
p. MS (Skmann't ed. 1SGG, p. 1M), in » at. of 6 1. In- 
cluded ss No. 14A in Freyling&auten't O. It. 1)06. Tr. 
as *' Ourselves, dear Lord, wc now realgn," from et. vlJ^ 
ix n uat. 111., iv.of No. 69S In the Jftroeian H. Bk. 1801, 
(ed. IMS, No. 836). 

t. KeiJi EWg, •cbreib mir dein Qejeti. tBretheiiy 
love.} Founded on Pb. cji^xiit. and jAmes li. 8, and 1st 
pub. 1893, No. 135,as above (iftnann'i ed. 1816, p. 51, 
KMpp, 18i^ p. lis), in 16 st. of e h Included as No. 
381 In Frtylingluaatn'i G. B. 1)0*. Tr. ss " Thy lair, 
Lord, be my delight," oa Jfo. 4fil in tho Jforavian 
H. Bit. IIS}, and repeated in later eds. 

6. Dnrchbreclier allsr Bvtda (q-v.) 

T. O atUUaLa3aB,icbaachdelnauftaaWM*n. [£oM 
to Ckritt.] A poem 1st pub. 1(98, No. 34, as above 
[Sftnuutit'i ed. 1856, p. 2)0), in 31 lines, entitled 
" They are virgins. These are they which follow the 
lamb," Rev. xlv, 4. lu pt. it. U14, of frtgting- 
hautm't G. B. t a recast beginning "O stIUea Gottes- 
Idram," in & st. of 8 L, waa included as No. 429, The 
(r*. are — from the second form: (1) "Meek, patient 
Lamb of God, to Thee," by J. Watiy, in Pt. A Uymnj. 
1)41 (_P. iror*vl»Stt-73, vol. ii. p. 14), repeated as Nu. 
o46 in pt. i. of tlie Atoraeian H. Bk. 1K4; {II "Meek, 
pattent Lamb of (Jod, impart," as No. 431 in tne Mora- 
vian S. i&- 1)89, and later eds. 

B. So fuhrst du cosh ncht sellff, ^err, dl» Dsinen, 
[Trtut in Gad.} 1st pub. 181)8, No. 138, as above 
(Btmatin'i cd. 1838, n. H3\ in 13 st. of 8 1., entitled 
"The best Guide." Included as No. 210 En Jfrefling- 
hauan't G. B. 1)04, and recently as No. 418 in the 
t?«tp. /., 8. 18S1. Dr. SqhafC in bis beuiKhet O. B., 
1880, says of it: "It voa the favourite hymn of the 
philosopher Schelling. It ia, however, more suited for 
private use than for Public Worship." It is a beantlful 
hymn, marked by profundity of thought end depth of 
Christian experience. The only tr. ii C. U. Is " How 



well, Lord] art thou tny People leading," In full as 
No. u?l in pt. i. of the Iforavian if. Bk. 1^5+, and nr- 
pcated, abridged and altered to " Well art Tliuu leading, 
Guide supreme," in 1816 (194a, No. IBS). The fr*. of 
at. I., UL, *t, tlrom the 1W<£ were Included In J. A. 
Jjatrobe's Collation, 1841, No. 32». Another (r. Is 
"How blest to all Thy followers, Lord, the road," by 
jtiat Winkworth, ISM, p. ITS (ed. WS, p. 1T7). 

9. Wle Fehan lit mtitra KSnlffj Brant. [Iftaven.] 
1st «ub. IMS, Mo, 1M, as above (JHhumv't ed. I860, 
p.T2, JTnani, IMG, p. Ill), to 14 at. of St Included ft* 
No. 684 in frevlingAoMien'i G. B, 1704. The f«. nre— 
beginning -with at. x. : — " Wte freuet sich metn gaiizcr 
Sinn," (l) " I'm glad, yea, sinner— likely bold," as No. 
648 in pt. i. of the Jlmatian If. Bk. 1T51. (1) "How 
doth my needy soul rejoice," as No. 8*2 in the i/ornifian 
H. ttk. r)s». In laol altered to "How greatly doth 
my soul rejoice," (1848, No. 1230). 

II. Hymns possibly by Arnold, 10-H. 

10. Brschein, da Korgesitarn. [Jforning.] 1st pub. 
1103, p. s (Itwmm'i ed. 1856, p. lie), in * at. of 8 1. 
Included as No. 751 in ^e^infrfkttuen'i ft, R, L70S, mid 
No. Ois in JViril'i ff. Aed. 1996. Pitcher, !. 1T4, thinks 
A.'s authorship very doubtful. Tr. as "Thou Morning- 
Star appear," by If. J. BuclaU, 1842, p. 42. 

11. der allai Mttf vet lores. [7A« iteflneNly Spirit.} 
Tbla beautiful hymn on Self-Renunciation appeared iu 

1703, p. 133 (ed. EKmann, 18B0, D. 210), in S St. of 4 1., 

but both KocK, vt. 13v, and £VfcAer, 11. 138, regard A.'* 
authorship as very doubtful. Included oa No. 719 In 
Fregling&atatttr't G. B. 1T05, and recently aa No. 614 
In the tnti. L. S. 1861. In Xnapji'i ed. 1846, p. 8, 
beginning " O wer alles htitt* verloten," In 7 et. The 
only tr. In C. U. Is, " Well for him who all thiols 
losing," a very good tr. omitting at. iii. by Miaa Wink- 
worth, In the lat Series of her Ajrra Ger. 1866, p. 134 (ed. 
ISTS,p. 136), and repeated in her C. B.far EnqiaivL 1863, 
No. 133, omitting the tr. of at. vl. Included aa No. 4S1 
in the Feunsylvanlan Luth. f,». Bk. 1868, and, with 
the omisBlon of at. vt.-Yii., in the Amer. Mttk. EpiKopal 
Hymnal, 1878. 

Other trs. are : (1) " O wore all things perishable," as 
No. 682 in pt. 1. of the Jftraeian H. Bk. 1764. (2) 
"Ah! the heart that has IbrsaiKrn," by Mrt. Findlater, 
to the fixinUp Treatury, lBSv, pt. 11. p. 208, and thence 
(quoting the German aa "Ach doe Bers verlassend 
alias") in the 4th Series, lsst, of the ft. h. L. (ed. 1862, 
p. 28», 1S84, p. SOS). (3) "0 how West who, all re- 
signing," by Jtri. L. C. Smithy in the Kunday Magazine, 
1886, p. (46. 

IIL Hwans wrongly attributed to Arnold, 

Seven hymns of this class have been fr. Into English. 
Of these two are noted under Lo&tntttin, one onder 
Schrffkr, and one under J. L. Faher. The others are : — 

It. Ba gehit manoara Wtg usd Bahn. [Lift's Voyage.] 
1st pub. In Der Weiiheti Gartetigeviacht, 1703, edited by 
Arnold. Jfftmatm, 1858, p. 246, includes it in 7 et. of 4 
1., but saye it is certainly not by Arnold, ifaann, 1846, 
p. 17H, quotes it, beginnli>g, **Gm mancher Weg, gar 
manche Babn," as from a us. doled 1734, and Included 
It in lila En. I,. S. 1850, No. 15SS (ed. 1886, No. 1651). 
Tr. as " Full many a way, full many a path," by JKitt 
Winkworth, wea, p. 205. 

13, du suas3 Lust. [Communion with Christ.] 
Aplieared In 1638, No. 140, as above; but distinctly 
marked as " by another," In /faonp, 1846, p. 78. in* 
eluded in st. of 6 1,, aa No. 458, in FreyhnghaMten't 
G. B 1704, and at No. 388 In Portt't 0. B„ ed. 1869. 
The trt. are; (1) "Othou Pleasure bleat," as No. 680 
In pt. t. of the Moravian B. hk. 1764 ; (2) " BUhs beyond 
compare," founded on ibe 1754, as No. 'J83 in the Antra* 
irtan //. Bk. 1789. In full as No. 88 in the BiUt If. Bit. 
1845, and as No. 672 InKeld's Praise Bk. 1872. 

U. BalV nns mit dainer Liah-. [7*« XingtUm of 
QodJi 1st pub. 17Q2,p, 628, but distinctly markedas" by 
another." in A'novp, 1846, p. 10. Included as No. 746 
in frcolingXaxteift G. B. 1706, and recently, aa No. 
108, In Knapp'B *b. L. S. I860 (ed. 1986, Do. 200). Tr. 
ce " Anoint us with Thy blessed love," by Jfiti H'ini- 
•OOl-tA, 1868, p. 283. 

1>. Fraui Dibeltns in his elaborate biogrupliy (Gatt- 
frlsl ArwM. Berlin, 1873) at pp. 190-183, 246-248, 
ouotea four hymna not Included by Ehmann, which he 
tidnka may 1 posaibly be by Arnold, One of these la 
" Zum Leben ftlbrt eln Kbmaler Weg " (q. v.). 

[J. It] 


Arnseliwanger, Johdim Okristoph, 

Bon of Gcorg AriiHchwanger, merchant in Kiirn- 
boi^, was b. aX Nlimberg Deo. 23, 1U25. Ho 
entered the Universily of Altdorf in 1614, and 
that of Jena in 1647, where Jie gntdnated 
MA. Aug. 9, 1647. After ahort periods of 
residence at Leipzifj, Hamburg, and Helm- 
atadt lieretnrned toNiirnbergiu 1G50. There 
he Tfas succossively appciiilod Stadt-vicar in 
1651, Diftsnniw of the St Aegidien Church 
1(152, MoratugFreaeher iii St Walpurga'slf;54, 
And Dijieoniia of tiio Cliureli of St. Loronz 
16511, where Ue liecimie Senior 167ii, and 
Arcuidiaconus 1690. Hetl. at Numbi'rg, Dec. 
10, 169G, {Koch, iii. 517-520 ; AUg. JJmtsclm 
Biog., i. 597.) 

A lover of music and poesy, he was tbo 
correspondent of Anton Ulrieli (q^. r.) and a 
member of the Fruitbearing Society (1675). 
Ho did not join the NUrnberg Feenitz Slicp- 
herd Order, seeking in his poetical work sim- 
plicity and fitness for popular use rather than 
their oomewhat affected •' leamedneas." The 
best of LU byains, snme 400 in all, the most 
important being those pub. iu 1659, appeared 
in his:— 

i, AeiiegiiWlicfc /.inter, NOrnbetg, 1650, In two books, 
each containing 20 hymna, set to muaic by the best 

Tniats and choir masters In Nttmber£. 
ifctf^re i"alme» mtd ChrUtlicbe Ptalmea, NQra- 
berg, 1680, with 150 hymns in three divisions, with 
melodies by the musicians of KUmberg. 

Of these hymns the only one tr. into English 
is: — 

Auf, ihr Ghriatan, laxat nna ajngen. [Easter.] 
1st pub. in 16*59 aa above, Bk. i,, No. 13, in 12 st. 
of 11 1., entitled " On the Victorious Resurrec- 
tion of Jesus Christ from the dead, in which our 
future Resurrection is also set forth." Included 
in the Jffimom; Q. B., 1676, No. 227, as No. 98 
in pt- ii., 1714, of Freylinghatuen's (?. B., and 
recently (red need to st.i.,ix.)as No. 313 in the 
Berlin G. B., 1829. The only tr. in C. U. is, "Up, 
ye Christians, join in singing," from the Berlin 
Q. B. in N. L Frothingham's Metrical i'iccm, 
Boston, U.S., 1870, p. 194, and theHce altered 
and beginning, " Rise, ye Christians," as No. 644 
in the S(ti-tfc»ftorffH>n Cbtf.,Lond., 1880. [J.M.J 

Aroimd the throna of God, a, band 
[in oirollag band]. J.M.NeaU. [Children's 
ItymnJ] This hymn appeared in Dr. Neale's 
Synmt/or Children, lstSeries, No. xxxi., 1842, 
in 9 st. of 4 1. (with Bp. Ken's dosology), for 
Miehaelmas Day. Two forms have been the 
outgrowth. The first, beginning with tho 
same first line, » found, somewhat altered, in 
Htirland's Ch. PaaMer. &c„ No. 248 : Thriug's 
CoH.,1882,in4st.,with "Thine" for "Thy," 
st. 3, 1. 1, It. A. & M., 1875, No. 335, and other 
hymnals, and the second, " Around the throne 
m circling band," in the Ettrum Hymnal, 1868, 
No. 312, and others. 

Around the throne of God in heaven 
Thousands of children. Anne Shepherd. 
[Children's Hymn.] Pub. in her Hymns 
adapted to the Chmprehension of Young Minds. 
No. 29, in 6 st of 5 L The dato of the 1st 
ed. of this work is undettuTnined. Dr. Moffatt 
fr, this hymn into the Beehuana language 
tut Ms Kurunwn Coll, 1838. In 1853, 4 st 


were transferred to the Leeds B. Bk,, No. 877, 
and from thence passed into later collections. 
Orig. text in the Metk. 8. S. H. Bit., 1879, 
No. 448, with the change in *t v., 1. 3," that 
precious, purple flood" to "that purpfe, pre- 
cious flood." It is in very extensive use in 
America and other English-speaking coun- 
tries. Orig. text in Lyra Brit., 1837, p. 405. 

Around the throne of grace we meet. 
J. Montgomery, [Koine WortMp.'] This hymn 
seems from its character and construction to 
have beta written for one of the great "Whit- 
suntide gatherings of S. School cliildren in 
Sheffield, or for an occasion of n somewhat 
similar kind. No record, however, is found 
amongst the "m. mbs.," and we trace its first 
publication to his Original Hymns, 1853, No, 
323, in 5 st of 4 1., with the title, " Unity in 
Faith, Hope, and Feeling." Its use is limited. 

Around Thy grave, Lord. Jesus. J. 
0. Deck. [Holy Baptism.] 1st pub. in P*. & 
flu*., Lou., Wolther, 1842, pt i., No. 277, in 
4 st. of 8 1. It is given in nn unaltered form 
inSpurgeon's 0. 0. H. Bk., 1806, No. 921 ; and 
in tho Bapt P*. <fc Hys„ 1858, No, 699, with 
alterations made for that collection by Mr. 
George Bawson. Tho American collections, 
however, usually follow the original text 

Around Thy table, Holy Lord. Mary 
Peters, ne'e Bowly. [Holy Communion.] 1st 
put. iu Ps. and Syr., Loo., Walther, 1842, 

rU No. 253, in 7 st of 4 1. In 1847, 
was included, with alterations by Mrs. 
Peters, in her B ymm intended to help the Coat. 
of Saint*, No. 89. Tho form in G. U, as in 
Dr. Walker's Cheltenham Colt, and others, is 
that of 1842, In the Amer. Bapt. Praise Bh, 
N. T„ 1871, No. 793, the Serv. of Song for Bapt. 
Churches, Boston, 1871, No. 837,and others, 
tliere in a cento composed of the opening stanza 
of this hymn, together with st. t. and vi., from 
T. Cotterill's "Bless'd with the presence of 
their God," slightly altered. [W. T. B.] 

Around Thy table, Lord, vra meet 
[Holy Communion.] The hymn beginning 
with this first line in the 15th ed. of Btowell's 
Set. (1877) is a cento the greater portion 
of which is an alteration and rearrangement 
of Mrs. Petarg's hymn as above. 

Arrayed in majesty divine. What 
power, &o. J. Mtrriek. [Ps. eiv.] A cento 
from his paraphrase of Ps. air. The original 
was pub, iu his Ptalna, Translated or Para- 
phrased in English Verse, 17G5, in 140 lines 
beginning, "Awake, my soul, to hymns of 
praise," and repeated, with alterations and 
additions by the Bev. W. I>. TattersaU, iu hia 
cd. of Mtrriek, 1797. The cento, as in Klppis's 
CoU. of Hys., &c, 1795, nnd later editions, as 
also in one or two modem collections, is 
slightly altered from the original. 

Arrayed in robes or virgin white. 
G. Moultrie. [Martyr*.'] 1st pub. iu the 
Church Times, June 10, 1865, under the signa- 
ture "ft M.," and again in the Author's 
Hymns & 'Lyrics, 1867, in 6 st. of 6 1„ witli the 
heading) "Hymn for Festival of Martyrs," 



p. 157. In 1867 it was included in tboPeopfe"i 
H., No. 210, with the substitution of the 
refrain for tho last three lines of tlie original 
concluding stanza, thereby attaining uni- 
formity throughout 

Art thou acquainted, O my soul? 
C. Elliott. [Despondency.] 1st printed in 
1834, in tho Appendix to the Invalid's H. Bit., 
the entire Appendix, being from Miss Elliott's 
pen. It is No. vi., is headed " Under Depres- 
sion of Spirits," and based on Job xxii. 21. It 
is in 8 st. of 4 ]., and is retained in subsequent 
editions. [W. t. B.] 

Art thou, Lord, rebuking nations. 

W. H. Ravergal. [In time of war.) Written 
in September 1831, and printed for the Ch, 
Miss. Soc. Anniversary in Astley Church, 
Sent. 23, 1831, the text on that day being 
Amos viii. 11. It was in 5 st of 6 1. Included 
in Life Echoes, 1883. [ha v. mss.] 

Art thou, sinner, sighing, weeping. 

A. AfwHane. [Invitation.'] Written on Doc 
4, 1879, and 1st pub. in the Joyful Tiding* M. 
Bh. t 1880, No. 4, in 5 st. of 4 L [e. mss.]. is in 
the metre of "Art Thou weary, Ac," and Is 
frequently used in Mission services. 

As birds their infant brood protect. 

W. Cotcper. [Divine Protection.] Appeared 
in the Olney Hymns, 1779, Bk. i. No. 72, in 
5 st. of 4 1. It is baaed on Ezek. xlviiL 35. 
It is found in several of the older hymnals, in- 
cluding CotterilTt, 1810 to 1819, BiekertteWs, 
1833, and others, but its modern use is con- 
fined mainly to America. 

As Christ our Saviour's gone before. 
G. Thring. [Ascension.] Written in 1863, 
and 1st pub. in his Hymns Congregational 
and Other), 1866, p. 42, and from thence has 
passed into the Uppingham School H. Bk., 
the By. Camp., Taring's Coll., &o. It is based 
upon the Collect for Ascension Day. 

As for Thy gifts we render praise. 

[National Hymn.] Licensed to Christopher 
Barker in 1578 and appended to the subse- 
quent editions of the Accession Service in 
Q. Elizabeth's reign. It is headed "Anthem 
or Prayer for tlie preservation of the Church, 
the Queen's Majesty & the Bealm, to be sung 
after evening prayer at all times." It has a 
ahoruB; — 

" Save, Lord, and blew wJtb good Increase 
Thy Chuicb, our Queen and Keibn, la peace." 

After this chorus, which heads the Anthem, 
eome 4 st, of 6 1, and the chorus added as 
above. Tho hymn has been reprinted in fall 
in the Parker Society's edition of Liturgies & 
Occasional Form* of Prayer in the reign of 
Queen Elizabeth, Cambridge, 1847, p. 560, but 
the original spelling is not retained. In 1863 
Dr. Kennedy gave in his BymndL Christ., 
No. 736, a slightly varying form in the 
original spelling, but whether the variations 
are by him, or ore due to differences in the 
early copies is unknown, (W. T. B,] 

As helplese as the [a] child who 
clings. J, D, Burns. [Trust.] 1st pub. in hia 



little book of prayers and hymns, The Evening 
Frnnn. 1857, No. 9, in 3 st. of 8 1., and headed 
« Childlike Trust" It is given in the Ap- 
pendix to Dr. Walker'G Cheltenham CoU., the 
new ed. of Stowell's Coll. (let ed., 1831), and 
others. It is a tender, childlike hymn, for 
private use, and is sometimes given aa a hymn 
for children. 

As high, as the heavens, and as vast. 

J. Conder. [Ps. xxxvi.] The earliest date 
to which we have traoed this version of 
Pa. xxxvi. is Condei's Hymns of Praise, 
Prayer, Ac, 1856, p. 13, in 5 st. of 4 1. In 
1859 it wa* republished in the Neu> Cong., 
1859, No. 49, in an unaltered form. 

As many as In Adam die. C. Wesley. 
[Holy Communion.] This cento as in the 
Meth. Free Ch. S. Bk., No. 711, is compiled 
from two of C. Wesley's Short Hymns, 1762, 
vol. ii., thus : st. t. from No. 248, on Matt, 
xxvi. 28 ; st. ii. from No. 88, on Matt. vii. 11. 
Fnll text in P. Works, 1868-72, vol. x. pp. 201 
and 400. 

As morn to night succeeds. W.C.Dix, 

[Victory through Suffering.'] 1st pub, in the 
People'. H., 1807, No. 459, in 9 st. of 4 1. 

As much have I of worldly good. 

J. Conder. [Contentment.'] Appeared in his 
Star in the East, and Other Poem, 1824, 
pp. 60-61, in 4 st of 6 1. and entitled " The 
Poor Man's Hymn, ' Hath not God chosen the 
poor of this world, rich in faith, and heirs of 
the kingdom,' James, ii. 5." In 1856 it was 
repeated in his Hymns of Praise, Prayer, &c, 
p. 147, and headed with the text, "The 
disciple is not above his Master," Luke vi. 
40. The congregational use of tills hymn 
began with Bicttersteth's Christ. Ptalmo., 1833, 
and Conder'a Cong. H. Bit., 1836, No. 433. It 
was repeated by the N. Cong^ 1859, No. 348, 
and Bnepp's Songs of G. & G., 1872, No. 740, 

As nigh Babel's streams we sate. 

G. Wither, [Ps. exxxvii.] A rendering of 
Ps. exxxvii. in st. of 6 1. from his Version 
of the Psalms, 1632, into the Anthotogia 
Davidiea, 1846, pp. 479-81. [Entfak PMltan, 

§ io.] 

As oft with worn and weary feet 
J. Edmeston. [Sympathy of Christ.] This is 
No. iv. of his Fifty Original Hymns, 
Northampton, 1833, pp. 7-8. The hymn is 
founded on Heb. iv. 15, and is in 4 st. of 6 1. 
Orig. text, Lyra Brit., 1867. Its use, which is 
somewhat extensive, is mainly confined to 
America. In the Amer. Bapt. Praise Bk., N. 
Y„ 1871, No. 984, it is attributed to " Wilber- 
foree " in error. [W. T. B.] 

As panting, in the sultry beam. 
John Bawdier. [Ps. ^lii.] A metrical 
rendering of Pb. xlii: from his Select Pieces in 
Verse and Prote, 1816, p. 60, in 2 parts, each 
containing 4 st of 6 1. The first part iB found 
in some of the older collections, including 
Elliott's Ps. <fe Hyt., 1835, and others, but has 
almost entirely fallen out of use in Oh Brit. 


It is still found in a limited number of 
American hymnals. Orig. text, Lyra, Brit, 

i8S7, p. sa 

As pants the hart for cooling 
Springs* J. Merrick. [Ps. xlii.] This 
metrical paraphrase of Ps. xlii. appeared 
in Merrick's Psalms Tr. or Paraplirased in 
English Verse, 1765, in 16 st. of 4 1. Various 
compilations have been made therefrom, ns in 
Collyer's Set. of 1812, tho Islington Coll. of 
1830, and others. 

As pants the hart for cooling 
streams. Tate and Brady. [Vs. xlii.] 
Appeared in the Nets Version of tlie Pealnu, 
169(5, in 6 double stansas of 4 1. Prom it 
numerous compilations have been made 
extending from three stanzas to six, with 
T. & B.'s C. M. doxology sometimes added as 
in II. A. & M., but usually without alterations, 
savo in some special instances to be noted, 
A copy of tho Book of Common Prayer with 
tho New Version appended Jhereto being 
within the reach of all, full details of those 
arrangements from the original are uncalled 
for (see &n>. P*«ltw», § 13). Tho principal 
texts which have been altered are : — 

1. That by the Rev. H. F. Lyte, which 
appeared in his Spirit of the Psalms, 1834, in 
4 Bt. of 4 I., the third stanza being rewritten 
from T. <6 B. It is found in several collec- 
tions both in G. Brit, and America, and may 
be recognized by comparing any given text 
with tho N. Cong., 57, or Snepp's Songs of G, 
A G., 513. 

2. Another version is found in Hall's 
Mitre, 1836. From Hall's ms. Notes in hU 
private copy of the Mitre, we find the altera- 
tions were made by E. Osier, who assisted 
Hall in compiling that collection. This ar- 
rangement is limited in use. 

As pants the hart for water-brooks. 

[Ps. xlii.] This L. M. version of Ps. xlii., of 
more than usual merit, is .given anonymously 
in the Presb. Hymnal, Philadelphia, 1874. 

As panto the wearied hart for cool- 
ing streams. G. Gregory. [P*. xlii.] 1st 
pub. in 1787 in George Gregory's translation 
of Bp. Lowth's PraelectionetSaerae. It is a tr. 
of the Bishop's Latin Version of Ps. xlii. It 
was given in an altered form in Gotterill's Sel., 
1819, p. 25, in 9 st. of 4 1., and repeated in 
Montgomery's Christian Psalmist, 1825, p. 58, 
with, in the latter case, the signature in the 
Index — " Bp. Lowth." It lias come into C. U. 
in its altered form, both in G. Britain and 
America, but abbreviated. It is found in tho 
Amer. Prot. Epis. P. Bk. Coll. ns early as 
1826. [W. T. B.] 

As showers on meadows newly 
mown. T. Gibbons. [Divine Influence.] 
Printed in 1784 as No. 28 in Bk. i, of bis Hymns 
adapted to Divine Worship, in 6 st. of 4 1. 
It is founded on Ps. Ixxii. 6, and headed " The 
Divine Influences resembled to Bain." In 
1787 Dr. Rippon included it in his Sot, 
No. 209. It was repeated in later editions, 
and front thence passed into many collections, 


In America specially it has loug been in 0. It. 
in various forme, the most popular being 
at. iv., v., vi,, as : — " As, in soft silence, vernal 
showers^' — sometimes altered to — "AsuAentn 
silence, vernal showers." [W. T. B.] 

As some tall rook amidst the waves. 

/, Newton. [St. Stephen.'] On " The Death of 
Stephen," in C at. of 4 I., and 1st pub. in the 
Olney Hymn*, 1779, Bk. i., No. 120, and re- 
peated, without alteration, in later eds. It 
was in 0. V. as early as Ootterill's Set, 1810. 
It is seldom found in modem collections. 

As the dew from heaven distilling. 
T. Kelly. [Divine Worihip.] This hymn is 
given in the collection! in two forms : — (1.) 
The original, which was pub. by Kelly in the 
1st ed. of his Hymn*, 4c, 1801, p. 98, hy. sot., 
in 2 st. of 8 ]., and baBed npon Dent xxxii. 2. 
For some reason, not accounted for, Kelly 
omitted it from all subsequent editions of his 
Hynm*, &c. The original text, liowever, is 
retained in the Bap. Ps. & Hy*. 1858 and 1880, 
No. 812. InP.Maurice's(7tora!rJ.m,1861,it 
is attributed to «Gwyther,"in error. (2.)The 
second form is that given to it by J. Bulmer, 
In his Hy*. Orig. and Select, 1835, Bk. iii., 
No. 176. It is found in modern editions of 
Bippon'a Set, in Snepp's S. of G. & G., nnd 
others, and can be detected at once by the 
third lino of st. i., reading "Richly unto oil 
fulfilling," for the orig. " And revives it, thus 
fulfilling," In thUform the ascription is " T. 
Belly, 1804, J. Bulmer, 1835." [W. T. B.] 

As the hart, with eager looks. J. 
Montgomery. [Pi. xlii.] 1st pub. in his 
Songs of Zion, 1822, in i st. of 6 1., and sub- 
sequently in various editions of his Poetical 
World. It is only in limited use in G.Britain; 
but is given in several American collections 
including Songs for the Sanctuary, 1865, and 
others. Also in Martineau's Colt*., 1840 and 

As the sun's enlivening eye. J. New- 
ton. [Parting.] Bull, in hiB life of Newton, 
p. 222, gives the following account of the 
origin of this hymn : — 

"In November [i? VflJ Mr. Newton undercrenl on 
operation for * tumour in bis thigh. He was mercifully 
brought through It, and was very soon able to resume 
his ordinary duties. On this occasion he composed the 
(111 hymn, Bk. 11. In the Olncy .ffymnj." 

As intimated, the hymn appeared in the 
Olney Hymns, 1779, in 7 st. of 4 1., and headed 
■* Parting." It came into use in the older 
collections, and is still found in a few hymnals 
both in G. Britain and America. The hymn, 
" For a season called to part," which is given in 
the New Cong., 1859, No. 848, and other col- 
lections, especially in America, is composed of 
st lv., v., and vi. of this hymn. 

As thy day thy strength shall be. 
Frances It. Bavergal. [Daily Strength.'] Writ- 
ten Jan. 1, 1859, and pub. in the Sunday 
Maganne, July 1807. It was also inscribed 
by the author in the Album of her sister (Miss 
M. V. G. Hnvergal), and from that has been 
lithographed in facsimile in Miss M, Havcr- 
(tal's Memorial* of her. Miss Havergal's note 
Uo the hymn is : — 



" The New Tfear'a Bella were ringing In St. Nicholas' 
Cburch close to our Rectory (Worcester). 1 was sleep- 
ing with my slater Maria ; tbe roused me to hear them, 
and quoted tbe text, ' As tby daya thy strengtb shall 
be.' as a Hew Year's Motto, I did not answer, but 
presently returned it to her In rhyme (tbe two Brit 
veraea, I think). She was pleased, so I finished it the 
next day and gave It her. The last verse, with a (light 
alteration, was placed by my cousins on Aunt laard'a 
tomb, 1SS9, thus : — 

H Now thy daya on earlh are past, 
Christ bath called thee home at last," [aav. x» J 

This hymn is not in C. IT. in G. Brit, but 

it has been adopted by various American com- 
pilers, and is given in My*, and Bongt of 
Pratte, N. Y„ 1874, Songs of Christian Praite, 
N. Y„ 1880, Ao. 

As to His earthly parents' home. 

H. Alford. [Epiphany.] Composed in 1865 
for and 1st pub. in his Fear of Praise, 1607, 
No. 36, in 4 st of 4 l. t and appointed for the 
" First Sunday after Epiphany." In 1879 it 
was transferred from thence to the Meth. S. 
8. H. Bk., No. 144, in an unaltered form. It 
is also in other collections, including the Amer, 
Bys. for the Church, N. Y., 1869, No. 130. 

As various as the moon. T. Scott 
[Change* in IAfe.] Contributed to Dr. Enfield's 
Hymn* for Pttolfc Worship, Warrington, 1772, 
No. 130, in 6 st. of 4 1., and headed, " The 
changes of human life appointed by God." 
In common with all the hymns in that collec- 
tion it was unsigned. In 1795 it reappeared in 
the Unitarian hymn-book known us " Hippie's 
Coll. 1795," No. 378, with the signature 
" Scott." From the foregoing collections it 
has passed into various hymnals in G. Brit 
and America, sometimes slightly altered, as 
" As changing as the moon." Orig. text as 
above. It is somewhat curious that Scott did 
not include this hymn in his Lyric Poems and 
Hymns, 1773. [W. T. B.] 

As when the deluge waves 'were 
gone. Sir J. Bowring. [Joy after Sorrow.-] 
1st pub. in the 3rd ed. of his Matins and Ves- 
pers, 1841, in 5 st of 4 1., and entitled " Joy 
after Sorrow," In I860 it was included un- 
altered in Miss E. Courlauht's £>,, Hy*. and 
Anthem*. 1660, No. 370. 

As 'when the weary traveller gains. 

J. Newton. [Nrnring Heaven.] Included in 
the Olney Hymns, 1779, Bk. iii., No. 58, in 
6 at. of 4 1. and entitled "Home in View," 
and continued in later editions of the same. 
It was given at an early date in the old 
collections, and is still in somewhat exten- 
sive use both in G. Britain and America, 
specially in the latter. In a great many cases 
the text is altered and abbreviated. TheBapt. 
P*. & Hy*. 1858, No. 576, is an exception 
in favour of the original. The Bev. E. Bing- 
ham has given a Latin rendering of the ori- 
ginal with the omission of st. ii. In his Bymnol. 
ChrUt. Lai., 1871, p. 67 :— " Ut quando fessus 
longa regione viator." 

As with gladness men of old W. 
C. Dix. [Epiphany.] " Written abont 1860 
during an illness " (c wss.) and first printed 
in a small collection of hymns for private circu- 
lation, entitled Bymn* of Love and Joy, and 



then in the trial copy of H. A. A M. In 18C1 it 
waspub. in 5 st. of 6 1. almost timuitaneously in 
the St itai^raZfffiMwi, Bristol, and in B. A. 
& M. From that date it has been incorporated 
in neatly every now hymnal and in new edi- 
tions of the older collections in nil English- 
speaking countries. Very slight variations in 
the text are sometimes found, as in the revised 
ed. of H. A . it. iff., 1 875. Theauthor'aauthorized 
text is in Ok. Hys., 1871, and Taring's Coll., 
1882. This hymn was brought into great 
prominenco by Sir Roundell Palmer (Lord Sel- 
bome) in his paper on English Church Hym- 
nady, at tho Church Congress at York in 
186 J :— 

"Of writers still living (the names o( many, and of 
Home very eminent, will at once occur to my hearers), 1 da 
nut feel culled «p«n to make myself In this place, 
either tlie critic or the eulogist. But I may be per- 
mitted 1o say, that the most favourable hopes may be 
entertained of the future piospecti of British Hyronody, 
-v/iien amonK its most recent fruits is a work no admi- 
rable in every respect as the Epiphany Hymn of Mr. 
Cuattertoo Dix; than which there can be nomore appro- 
priate conclusion to this lecture, ' As with gladness men 
of old.' " 

An anonymous hymn — "As in Eastern lands 
afar" — given in Holy Sang for all Seasons, 
Lon., Bell and Daldy, 18(59, in 4 st. of 8 1., is 
based upon, and is an imitation of " As with 
gladness men of old." We have not met with 
it elsewhere. [J. J.] 

Ascend Thy throne, Almighty King. 
S. Beddome. [3ft'ssioni.l A short hymn in 

3 si of 4 1, on liehalf of Missions, which was 
given in Rippon's Sel., 1787, No. 370, and 
repeated unaltered in all subsequent editions 
of the same. It was also included in B. 
Hall's ed. of Beddome's Humne, 1817. The 
use of this hymn in G. Brit, lifts almost Reused, 
but in America it is given in a great number 
of collections^ and is most popular. 

Ascended Lord, accept our praise 

Bp. W. W. Hone. [Thursday.] Appeared in 
tho Vanish Magazine, as tho firat of three 
""Week-day Hymns," Match, 1871, in 5 st. of 

4 1. and appointed for Thursday. Tho same 
year it wns includod in Ch. Hys., No. 58, with 
one change only, st. iii- 1. 1, " And week " for 
" Yet, week," &c This latter text, with the 
omission of st. ii., wns also given in Throng's 
Coll., 1882. 

Aschenfeldt, Christoph Carl Julius, 

b. March 5, 1792, ut Kiel. After studying 
nt Gottingen he became, in 1819, pastor at 
Windbergen in Holstein. In 1824 he was 
appointed diaconus, and in 1829 chief pastnr 
of St Nicholas's Church in Fieusburg; as also, 
in 1850, Probst of tho district of Flensburg, 
and in 1851 Superintendent of the German- 
speaking portion of the Duchy, when he re- 
signed the lust of these offices in 1854, being 
nppniutod oberconsistnrialrath. He cl. at 
Fieusburg, Sept. 1, 185C. His 150 hymns, 
elegant in form, but marked with some of tho 
eighteenth century coldness, were contributed 
to various works and appeared ill collected 
forms as : — 

(1) Feterktiingt. Gtittlicht lAe&erwnd Gebete ayfdie 
Smn*mtd Fattagt. Labeck, 1923, containing 203 pieces. 


of which 130 are by A. and tbe rest by hla brother-in- 
law, Heinrich Schmidt, pa-tof in Kddelnck, Holstein. 

(2) SWiUfeaei SaUaupUl, Schteswig, 1841, including 
112 hymns, some of tbem altered versions of surlier 
pieces (JCoc*, vii. IBS-l&S i AUff. Deuticht Biog., 1. SIS). 

Of his hymns the only one (r. into English 
is: — 

Ail bdUohem Getnmmal. [Following Oirisi.1 
Founded on St. John liv. 6, and contributed 
to Wehner's Christosopliisches 0. B., Kiel, 1819, 
No. 40, in 3 sts. of 8 lines, entitled, "Jesus — the 
Way — the Truth — the Lift," and being marked 
A — dt, has been erroneously ascribed to E. M. 
Aniilt. Included in the Feierklange, 1823, p. 269, 
and in various hymn-books, e.g. the Berlin 
G. L. 8., ed. 1863, No. 623. The trs. of this in 
C. U. are:— 

1, Amid life's wild commotion. A full and good 
ti:, included as No. 226 in Bp. Ryle's ff. for the 
Chvrck on JiartA, 1860, as No. 313 in Ken- 
nedy, 18l>3, and also in SchafTs Christ m Suit//, 
ed. 1869, p. 533, and Lib. of Bel. Poetry, ed. 
1883, p. 601. The translator is unknown. 

2, Amid this wold's (wmmotum. A good and 
and full tr. by Mrs. Findlater in the 4th. Series, 
1862, of the IT. L. L. (ed. 1862, p. 298 ; 1884, 
p. 218). Unaltered ns No. 132 in Jellieoe's Coll., 
1867, and as No. 501 in Windle's Coll. [J. M.] 

Ash, John, ll.d., b. at Stockland, Dor- 
setshire, cir. 1725, and studied for the Bnp. 
Ministry under tho Rev. Bernard Foskett, 
pastor of Broadmead, Bristol He received a 
call from this congregation in 1748, removing 
to Pershore, on the death of Mr. Cooke, in 
1751, d. at Pershore, Ap. 10, 1779. His works 
include an English Dictionary ; Dialogues of 
Eumenes ; and Grammatical IruAUitles. In 
conjunction with Dr. C. Evans, q, v., he edited 
the Bristol Bapt. Collection of Hymns adapted 
to Public Worship. Bristol, Pino, 1769, re- 
ferred to in this Dictionary as the Bristol Bapt. 
Coll. of Ash A Gratis. Dr. Ash was not a 
writer of hymns. [Bapt. Hymneiy.] 

Ask, and ye shall receive. X Mont- 
gomery. [Prayer.'} Written Sept. 16, 1832, 
and, according to notes by Montgomery on tho 
original MS., sent in its. to several persons 
at different times (n. jrtss.). It was included 
by him in his Original Hymns, 1353, No. 67, 
in 5 st. of 4 1., and entitled, " Asking, Seek 
ing, Finding." It is based upon Matt. vii. 
7, 8. It is in C. U. bath in G. Brit, and Ame- 
rica, but in each case to a limited extent. 

Ask, and ye surely shall receive. 

[Prayer.'] A cento in the Hys. for (he Chapel 
of Harrow Scliool, 3rd ed. 1866, No. 243, in 
5 st. of 4 1. Tlie Bt. i.-v. we have been unablo 
to trace, but st. vi. is from Montgomery's 
" Prayer is the soul's sincere desire," q, v. 

Asleep in Jesus! blessed sleep. 

Margaret Machay. [Btirial of the Dead.] 
Appeared first in The Amethyst ; or Chrv&ian's 
Annual for 1832 (Edin. W. Oliphnnt), edited 
by E. Huie, m.d., and B. K. Q-reville, ll.d., 
p. 258, in 6 st. of 4 1. It is thus introduced :— 

" Sleeping in Jesus. By j[is, Maciay, or Hedgefleld. 
This simple but expressive sentence is Inscribed on a 
tombstone in « rural burying ground in Devonshire, 
and gave rise to the following verses. 1 ' 


In reprinting it at p. 1 of her Thought* 
Redeemed, 1854, Mrs. Mackay says the bury- 
ing ground meant is that of Fennyoross 
Chapel, She adds : — 

14 Distant only a few miles from a bustling and 
crowded seaport town, retched through a succession of 
those lovely green lane* for which Devonshire li no 
remarkable, toe quiet aspect of Pennycroes comet 
soothingly over tbe tniod. 'Sleeping in Jeans' eeema 
In keeping with all aromad." 

From the Amethmt it has passed into nu- 
merous hymnals in G-. Brit, and America, and 
was recently included, in full, and unaltered, 
as No. 241 in the Scottish Pre$b. Hymnal, 1876, 
and as No. 31 in the Free Church H. Bk., 1882. 
In Taring's Coll., 1882, No. 557, we have a 
cento composed of the first stanza of Mrs, 
Mackay'B hymn, and st. ii.-ri. from Wiring's 
" Asleep in Jesus, wondrous sleep," as noted 
below, but somewhat altered. Tins cento is 
unknown beyond Turing's CWI. [J. M.] 

Asleep in Jesus, wondrous sleep. 
G. Thring. \BurlaU\ Written in 1871, nnd 
1st pub. in Freb. Hnttnn's Lincoln SuppL, 
1871; again, with music, in Hymn Times, 
2nd series, by Henry Hujjo Pierson, 1872; 
nnd in the author's Hymn* and Sacred Lyrist, 
1874, in 6 st. of 4 L In 1880 it wns included 
in ttie 1st ed. of Thring's CWI., No. 235, but 
in the 2nd cd. it was superseded by the 
cento noted above. 

"Afafiev Jravref \aoL St. John of 
Damascus. The Canon for St. Thomas's 
Sunday (i.e. Low Sunday), iB based, in common 
with all the Greek Canons, upon the nine 
Canticles of the Greek service, with the omis- 
sion of the second, as in the case of Christmas 
and Easter Days (sea Greek lTymiiedy, § xvii. 
2, and 'AMwrio-swj Aue'pa.) It was written 
probably about the middle of the eighth cen- 
tury (St, John died about 780) ; and the OJes 
are found in the Ptntecoitarion in the service 
for St. Thomas's Sunday, commonly known in 
the Anglican Church as Low Sunday. Tlie 
translations of the first four Odes are :■ — 

Ode i. 'Atrtaftty »dVr*f \aot. Come, ye faith- 
ful, nlaa the strain.. This Ode is based upon the 
Canticle, " The Song of Moses," Ex. it. The tr. 
is by J. 11. Neale, and appeared in an article on 
"Greek Hymnology," in the Christian Semnm- 
brancer, ^prii, 1859 ; and again in his Hymns of 
t'ie E. Church, 1862, in 4 st- of 8 1. In 1868 it 
was included, with the substitution of a doxology 
for st. 4, In tna Appendix to Jf. A.Q-M., No. 291, 
and repeated in the revised edition of 1875. The 
ITymnary text, 1871-2, is, however, unaltered, 
hut that of Ch. Hys. is both slightly altered and 
abbreviated. In all cases the translation is used 
as an Easter Hymn. In the original there is a 
refrain to every verse. 

(Me til. SrsptWoV /it, Xf>urr4. On the rook 
of Thy oauuuaadmentt. This Ode is based upon 
the Canticle, " The Song of Hannah," 1 Ram. ii. 
Tr. by J. M. Neale as above. The tone of the 
tr. is graver than the original. Not in C. IT. 

Ode iv, Mrya to ftvoiiipiap. Ghrlat, we tnrn 
our eyea to Thee, is baaed on the Canticle, "The 
Song of Habakkuk," Hab. iii. Tr. by J. M. Nealo 
as above, omitting st. iv. Not in C. U. as a 
congregational hymn, bnt is found in Lyra Eu- 
tharistitxt, 1863, p. 42. 



Ode v. 'Ex rvRris ap6pl(oyrts. Thee, Christ, 
we, very early rising, is based on the Canticle, 
"The Song of Isaiah," Is. xxvi. ff-MO. Tr. by 
J. M. Neale, ed. 1863, where the last two lines 
scarcely represent the original. Not in C. V. 
This Ode did not appear in the 1st ed. of Dr. 
Neale's tr. In Mr. Batherley's annotated ed. the 
first line begins, " Reconciliation's plan devising." 

The remaining Odes have not been rendered 
into English. Orig. Greek text, which dates 
from the middle of the 8th cent., is found in 
Modern Greek Service Books : and the various 
readings of Dr. Neale's tr. in 1st, 2nd, and 3rd 
eel. in Mr. Hatherley'e annotated ed. of the same, 
1882. [J. J,} 

Aapice, infami Deus ipse ligno. 
[Pasriontide.'] In the Appendix to the Rowan 
Breviary, Bologna, 1827, it is the Hymn at 
Matins for the t'eaMt of tie Passion o/ our Lord 
Jetus Christ, to be observed on the Tuesday 
after Bexngesima Sunday. It is now adopted 
for use in England on the Friday after Bexa- 
gesima Sunday ; by the Benedictine Order on 
Tuesday. See Atpiee at Ferttm Patrit. 

[W. A. S.] 

Translations in C. U. : — 

1. See, where in shame the Sod of (lory hang*. 
By E. Caswali, 1st pub. in his Lyra Catholica, 
1819, p. 65, in 5 st. of 4 1., and again in his 
Hymns $ Poems, 1873, p. 56. This is given, 
with alterations in the Hymnary, 1872, No. 239, 
the Catltulh Hymnal, No, 38, &c 

8, Is I en the inglorious, tree. By W. J. Blew. 
1st printed for use in bis church, and then pub. 
in his Chnreh Hy. $ Tuns Bk., 1852, Passiontide, 
No. 23, in 6 st. of 4 1., and from thence (much 
sltered) into the itev> Cong., 1859, No. 376, and 
the fiev. Howard Rice's Sel. of 1870, No. 40. 

Aspiee ut Verbum Patris a super* 

nis. Anon. [Passioniide.'] The only 
notice of this hymn in Daniel Is in the 
Index at the end of vol. v., thus : — " Orat. 
Domini in monte Oliveti, Frib." In the 
Appendix to the Soman Breviary containing 
the offices said in particular districts and 
places, not universally, it is the hymn at first 
and second Vespers, and at Matins, on the 
Feast of the Prayer of our Lord on Mount 
Olitet, Tuesday after Septuagesima Sunday. 
This office has of Into years been adopted in 
England (as well by religious orders as by 
seculars), and is appointed to be said on the 
Friday after Septnagesima Sunday (though 
tho Benedictine Order observe it on the 
Tuesday). It is the first of a series of Friday 
services, which extend to Friday in Passion 
week, as follows : — 

The Prayer in the Gulden. The Commemoration of 
tbe Passion. The Crown of Thorns. The Spear and 
Nails. The Holy Winding Sbeet. line Five Wounds, 
The Precious Ulood. The Ssven Dolours of the B. 
Vlpgin Mary. 

As a general note on the hymns occurring 
in these offices we may remark that — 

The festivals themselves were instituted at various 
times end in different localities : thus, that of the Holy 
Winding Sheet was granted, for observance on the 4th 
of May, to the Kingdom of Sardinia, ny Pope Julius 1 1, 
in lsoe, in honour of this relic, (or part of it) preserved 
at Turin ; that of the rrei'loua ttLood to Mantua, be- 


cause of a _portion In tho ColleglAte Church of St. 
Andrew ta that city ; that of the Crown of Tbome to 
Varls and other places in France, to be observed on 
August the nth, the anniversary of the day on which 
the relic was brought to Sens by Goutbier, Archbishop 
of that city, after having been obtained from the Vene- 
tians by the King St. Louis, aftenvards deposited in the 
Satnte-Chapelle in Paris; that of the Five Wounds 
occurs in the modern l'arla Breviary on the Friday after 
Ash- Wednesday. A relic of the Lance being preserved 
at Prague, Pope Innocent IV. (tM3-I2M) instituted the 
Office Tor observance hi the German Empire, In the 
following ten™ : "Granted tl»t the Lnnce and Kails, 
and otlier Instruments used In the Lord's Passion for 
procuring our salvation, are everywhere to be venerated 
by the frlthful in Christ ; and year by year solemn 
offices are celebrated in the church, and take place, 
having reepect to the Passion itself; nevertheless we 
consider it worthy and fitting if a solemn and special 
Feast should be celebrated and take place with refer- 
ence to the special instruments of that Passion, and 
particularly En those regions in which the instruments 
are preserved,*' We see how the observance has ex- 
tended. (See Guyet, Stortalog., Ub. iL Ac., Cavalleri, 
Omnwnt, in Sacra* Kituum CmaregatiimU Dtcreta, 
Lilt, I. Vap, iv, Ikeret vil.). [\V, A. 8.] 

Translations in C. U. ;— 

1, See from on high, UTftjed in truth and grace, 
by E. Caawall, first appended in his Lyra Catho- 
Ika, 1849, and again in his Hymns <J- Poems, 
1873, p. 33, in C st. of 4 1., and entitled, " Prayer 
of Our Lord on Mount Olivet." The hymn : — 

9, Be* from on high, the ftouroe of saving Oraae, 
in the Hytnnarg, 1873, No, 240, is nn altered 
version of Caswall's translation. 

Assembled at Thy great command 

W. B. Collyer. [Missions.] 1st pub. in. his 
Hymn* Partly Coll. and Parilij OHg., 1812, 
No. 015, in at. of 4 1., and entitle J, "A 
Missionary Hymn for the Opening of the 
Service." It was repeated in utter editions ox* 
the same collection, and also was adopted by 
several of the older compilers. It is rarely 
found in modern hymnals in G. Britain, but 
its use in America is extensive. Usually it is 
abbreviated to four or less stanzas. 

Assembled in Thy house of prayer. 
J. Montgomery. [Divine Service.] Written 
for the Sheffield S. 8. Union, Whitsuntide 
gathering, 1840, and first printed on a fly- 
sheet for use st that time. The same year it 
was sent to Dr. Ltifehtld, and in 1812 it 
appeared as No. 31, in 6 st. of 4 1., in his col- 
lection of Original Spain, and headed, " For 
a divino blessinjj on the ministry of the 
word." (m. itss.) In Montgomery's Ori- 
ginal Hymns, 1853, it reappeared with the 
same title as No. 03. 

Astley, Charles Tamberlane, son of 

John William Astley, of DuMn field, Cheshire, 
Ixn-n at Cwmllecocdiog, near Mnllwyd, North 
Wales, 12 May, 1825, and educated at Jesus 
Coll., Oxford (of which he was a Scholar), 
graduating b.a. 1847, m.a, 1819. Taking 
Holy Orders in 1849, he was Evening 
Lecturer, Bidcford, 1849, Incumbent of 
Holwcll, Oxford, 1850-54, Vicar of Margate, 
1854-1864, and Rector of Blasted, 1864-7& 
Mr. Astley is the author of Songs in the 
Night, 1860. This work is composed partly 
of original hymns and partly of trs. from 
the German. The latter nre noted in port 
under tlicir first linos in German. Of the 
original hymns, " O Lord, I look to Thee," a 


hymn for Private Use, in 10 at.of 4 1., is given 
in Stevenson's H. for the Ch. and Home, 1873, 

with the omission of st. viii. It was " written 
at Pisa, during illness, ubont December, 1858." 

Astonished and distressed. B. Bed- 
dome. [Lent] Contributed to Eippon's .Ssi., 
1787, No. 40, in 4 st. <if 4 1. and headed " 'Die 
evil heart." From Bippon it has passed into 
several selections, and is found in use at the 
present time both in G. Britain and America, 
sometimes in an altered farm. Orig. text as 
nbuve. A revised version of the text was 
given in the posthumous ed. of Beddome's 
Hymns, edited by B. Hall, 1817, No. 469. 
Tills is not in O. TJ. In some collections this 
hymn is attributed to Toplady, Ihw error 
arose out of the fact that Walter Bow in- 
cluded it in his unsatisfactory ed. of Toplady's 
Works. [W.TTB/J 

At even ere the sun was set. II. 

TtveUs. [Evening.'] Written for and 1st pub. 
in tlw Appendix to H. A<£ Jf., 1868,in7 st of 
4 1. It was originally in 8 st. The omitted 
st, No. iv., which h-ts since been reinstated 
in Church Hys„ 1871, Thring's Coll., 1382, 
and others, reads : — 

" And some are pressed witb worldly care, 
And some are tried witb sinlul doubt ; 
And some such grievous pnesions tear. 
That only Thou canst cast tlkem out." 

Since the first publication of the hymn in 
It. A. & M. in 1808, it has been included in 
almost every collection published from that 
date both in G. Britain and America. It ranks 
with the most popular of evening hymns. 
The text which lias the widest acceptance is 
that of-if A. it M. Three changes, however, in 
the opening line are found in the collections. 

(1) " At even, ere 'the sun did set " ; 

(2) "At even, wlieit the sun was set"; and 

(3) " At even, when the sun did set." Tho 
List reading is adopted in Thring's Coll., and, 
together with the second, is based upon the 
passage in St. Mark i. 32, "At even, when 
ike sun did set, they brought unto Him all 
that were diseased,"* die., in preference to the 
reading in St. Luke iv. 40, "Now, (revised, 
'And') when the sua wait $etting." This 
preference has the support of the majority of 
commentators both ancient and modern, the 
ground taken being the acknowledged unlaw- 
fulness (with the Jews) of such a gathering of 
diseased persons until the sun hail gone down, 
and the Sabbath was ended. The question 
was discussed by Mr. Twells and another in 
tho Literary Churchman, June and 23, 
1882. The weight of evidence given therein 
was strongly in favour of the amended reading. 
Authorized text in C7ntrcA Hymns. [3. J,] 

At evening time let there be light. 
J. Montgomery. [Evening.] This hymn on 
Zcch. xiv. 7, in 3 st. of 6 1. was written nt 
Conway, N, Wales, in Sept. 1828, and is re- 
ferred to by Holland in his Memoirs at Mont- 
gomery, vol. iv. p. 275. It was pub. in his 
Poet's Portfolio, 1835, pp. 181-2, and in his 
Poetical Works, 1841 and 1851. It is in exten- 
sive use in America, In 1858, the hymn "At 
evening time, when day is done," appeared 


in the Bap. P*. * Hys. No. 096. This k re- 
peated in later eds. of that collection, in the 
Bapt. Hymnal, 1879, and other hymnals. It 
is this hjrmn Tcamtnged by George Rawson, 
tind its right ascription is, "J. Montgomery, 
18118, rewritten 6j & itamsoit, 1858." 

At every motion of our breath. 
J. Montgomery. [Value o/ Time.'] Pub. in 
ilia Cftrtsiintt Pmlmtit, lS'i5, No. 512, in 5 st. 
of 41. and headed, "The Value of a Moment." 
in 185a it was repeated in his Original 
Hymns, No. 224, but is not amongst the 
" ir. jtss." It is usuallv given in on abbre- 
viated form. In J. H. Thorn's flyt., Chants, 
&c, 1858, it is in 3 St., and in the Scottish 
Evang. Union Hymnal, 1878, there ore 4 sts. 

At God's right hand in countless 
numbers. [Anticipation of Heaven.'] Thia 
hymn, which is No. 1247 of too Moravian 
H. Bk. of 1849. imd No. 408 of the Irish 
Church Hymnal, 1878^ is thus crjmposed : at. 
i. is a single verso written by Ignatius 
Montgomery as tlie opening of an "Ode" 
compiled for the funeral of the Rev. Christian 
Gottfried Clemens, who died nt Bristol 14th 
Aug. 1815 ; st ii. la a tr. of Wenn tchU'gt die 
avgenehma Stands ; and st iil. a tr. of 
angsnehme Awgenbltcke (1766). These trs. 
tire by Bishop Mollher (cir. 1774), from the 
German of Christian Gregor. They appeared 
as single verses in the (Moravian) Brethren's 
H. Bk., 1789. and were subsequently, in the 
edition of 1826, united by its editor. Bishop 
Foster, to the above stanza, " At God's right 
hand," &c, thus constituting the complete 
cento of 3 st. as in the Irish Ch. Hymnal 
For these details we arc indebted lo Major 
Crawford's Biog. Index of that Hymnal. 

At length the worst is o'er, and 
Thou art laid. J. Ktble. [Easter Eve.] 
1st pub. in his Cftrietjan Year, 1827, as the 
poem for Easter Eve, and continued in all 
subsequent editions of the same. II is in 8 st. 
of 8 1. In the Harrow School Gott. (var. dateB), 
No. 115, the firet stanza only is given. 

At length this restless heart is still. 

T. Davis. [Private Use.] 1st pub. in his 
Devotional Verse for a Month, 1855, and 
from thence it passed into the Bapt. P». & 
Hymns, 1858, No, 060, iu 6 st. of 4 1. To adapt 
it more fully for public worship the author 
re-wrote it for his Hymns, Old & New, &c, 
18C4, as, "Lord, I would count each moment 
Thine," No.346. It wasrepeatedinhisAnnua 
Sanctas, 1877, and is appointed for Nov. 16, 
and entitled ""Walking at Liberty." 

At the tomb where Christ hath been. 

6. Moultrie. [Easter.] Pub. in bis Hymns and 
Lyrics, 1867, in D Bt of 4 1., and entitled 
"Love is stronger than death." In the same 
year it was included in the People's H., 
No. 120.* In 1872 it was given in a revised 
form ns " Near the tomb where Christ hath 
been," in the Hymuary, No. 294. 

At Thy command, our dearest Lord. 

1. Waits. [Holy Communion.] This is 
No. six. of his hymns " Prepared for the Holy 



Ordinance of the Lord's Sapper," in his 
HymnmiS. Songs, 1107, Bk.iii., in 4 st of 4 1. 
It is headed "Glory in the Cross: or, Not 
ashamed of Christ crucified." In G. Britain 
its use is not equal to that to which it has 
attained in America. 

At Thy feet, O Christ, we lay. 
W. Bright [Morning.] lBt appeared in the 
Monthly Packet for October, 1867, and again 
iti Canon Bright's Hymns and Poems, 2naed. 
1874, in 5 st. of 6 I. Iu tho revised ed. of H. 
A.& M.,1815, it is given in full as No. 6, Willi 
the alteration in st in. 1. 2 of " on Thy grace '' 
to " in Thy grace." [W. T. B.] 

At Thy Feet, our God and Father. 
J.D.Burns. [A'ew Year.] Printed in the Eng. 
Presb. Ft. & Hys„ 1867, No. G2, and in his 
Remains by Dr. J. Hamilton, 1869, pp. 224-5, 
in 6 st of 4 1., and headed "New Year's 
Hymn,'' with the text, Pa. Ixv. 2, prefixed. 
It has attained to a fair position in tho 
hymnals of G. Britain, Canada, and America. 
Tho opening line sometimes reads, "At Thy 
feet, God our Father." 

At Thy transfiguration, Lord. C. 
Wordsworth, Bp. of Lincoln. [The Trans- 
figuration.] Appeared in his Holy Year, &c, 
1862, Nu. 24, in 12 st. of 4 1., and again, with 
slight alterations, in later editions of the 
same, No. 26, bnt divided iato two parts. 

Atohinson, Jonathan Bush, h. at Wil- 
son, New York, Feb. 17, 1840, and « licensed 
as a Mothodist Preacher," Sept. 6, 1874. Of 
his hymns the following are the best known : — 

I. Behold the stone is idled away. [Easter.] 
This was Mr. Atehiuson's first hymn. It ap- 
peared in the S. School Toms, Dec. 1874, It is 
not in use in Great Britain. 

4. Fully petsaaded., Loud, I believe. [Faith.] 
Written in 1874 or 1875, and 1st pub. in Gospel 
Hymns, No. 1. It is given in I. I). Sankey'a 
Sac. S. $ Solos, No. 149, with music by W. P. 

1. I have lead of a beautiful eity. [Heaven.] 
Written about the same time ss the former, and 
pub. iu Gospel Hymjis. It is given in I.D. Sankey's 
Sac. S. 4r Solos, Ko. 403, with music by 0. F. 

4t, crown of rejoieins' that's waiting 1 tar me. 
[T/ie Jtetoard,] This hymn is nlso m I. 0. 
Sankey's Sac. 8. $ Solos, No. 174, where it is set 
to music by P. Bliss. [F. M. B.] 

Atkins, Lucy. [Wilson, I.] 

Atkinson, John, ».»., b. st Deerfield, 
New Jersey, Sept 6, 1835, and educated for 
the Ministry, which he now exercises in the 
American Methodist Episcopal Church, His 
very popular hymn, " We shall meet beyond 
the river," was written in Jan., 1867. It 
appeared in Bright Jewels (to music composed 
for it in Feb. 1867 by Hubert P. Main), in 
1869, No. 43, in 4 st. of 8 1. From thence 
both words and music passed into I. D. San- 
key's Sac. S. <£ Solos, No. 109. 

Attend, and mark the solemn fast. 

John Logan and John Morison, [True Fast' 



mg.'} 1st appeared as No. 28 in the Draft 
Scottish Translations and Paraphrases, 1781, 
sb a version of Isaiah lviii. 5-0, in 6 at of 4 1. 
In the public worship ed. of that year issued 
by the Church of Scotland and still in use 
unaltered save st. ?!., 1. i. In the markings 
by the eldest daughter of W. Cameron (q. v.), 
given as the joint production of Logan and 
MoriBon. From the 1781 it lias passed into a 
few modern hymnals, and is included as 
Mo. 65 in Bonaon's H. adapted to the Ch. 
Services, 1860. In the Amer. Sab. H. Bk„ 
1838, st. ii.-vi., beginning, " Do I delight in 
sorrow's dress," were included as No. 1148, 
while st. iii.-vi., beginning, " Let such as feel 
oppression's load," were included be No, 769 
in Campbell's Corny. S. Sk., 1837. [J. M.] 

Attend, my ear, my heart rejoice. 

P. Doddridge. [Reward of tke Righteous.] 
This hymn is not in the " s. mss," It was 
pub. by J. Orton in Doddridge's Hymns, &e., 
1755, No. 187, in 6 at. of 4 I, and headed, 
"The final Sentence, find Happiness of the 
Righteous," Its use is limited. 

Attend, while God's exalted Son. 
I. Watts. [New CreatCon.l 1st pub. in his 
Hrjmnt & 8. Songs, 1709, Bit. ii., No. 130, in 
6 St. of 4 1., and entitled, "The New Crea- 
tion." It is in limited use in G. Britain and 
America. The hymn, "Mighty Redeemer, 
set me free," found in a few collections in' 
eluding the New Cong., 1859, is composed of 
st, iv.-vi. of this hymn. 

Attend, ye tribes that dwell remote. 
John Morkon. [The Hope of the Just] 1st 
appeared as No. 22 in the Draft Scottish 
Translations and Paraphrases, 1781, as a 
version of Isaiah xxxiii. 13-18, in 5 st. of 4 1, 
In the public worship oil. of that year, issued 
by the Church of Scotland and still in use, 
it is No. 21, with st ii„ 11. 2^4, nnd iii.,1!, 3-i, 
rewriiten. In the markings by the eldest 
daughter of W. Cameron (q. v.) ascribed to 
Morison. Included in a few modern hymnals 
as recently in Flett's Coll. Paisley, 1871, 
No. 296. Coraparo a recast of this beginning, 
" Attend, ye people, far and near," by Miss 
Lccson io her Par. & Hyt. for Gong. Singing, 
1853, No. 47. [J. MJ 

AttollepaullumlTunina. {Fataiontide.l 
The text of this hymn is in Daniel 
ii. p. 345: SiMTOcle, p. 110; the Corolla 
Hymnomtn, Cologne, 1806, p. 17, and is of 
unknown authorship and date. BSitmker, i. 
p. 495, cites it as in the Sirenes Symphoniaeae, 
1678, Dr. Neale dates it, in common with 
" Exite, Sion njiae, Videte, Ac.," as being : — 

K Clearly of the very latest date : certainly not earlier 
than tbe sixteenth, It may be tbe beginning of the 
seventeenth, century. Their Intensely subjective cha- 
racter would be a sufficient proof of this: and their 
rhyme equally shows it. Feminine donhle rhymes, in 
almost all mediaeval hymns, are reserved for trochaic 
measures;— their use, as here, in Iambic*, gives a certain 
impression of irreverence which it ts hard to get over. 
>otwitbet=ndlng the wide difference between these and 
mediaeval hymns, they possess, 1 think, considerable 
beauty, and perhaps will be more easily appreciated by 
modern readers." MtO. Byt^ 3rd ed., I8«I, n. 314. 

[W! A. B.] 


Translations in C. U. : — 

1. Soiie, roiae thin* *f* a littb way. By J. M. 
Neale, appeared in the 1st ed. of his Med. Hys., 
1851, J'. 148, in 7 st. of 7 1., being the first 
translation of this hymn Into English. It 
is somewhat altered in the Myntnary, 1872, 
No, 24& 

t, O Sinter, lift the ays of faith, is the above 
translation, In an altered form, mode by the Com- 
pilers of If. A. and M., and included in that 
collection in 1861. Concerning the alterations, 
Dr* Nealc says in his 2nd ed, of the Med. Hys,, 
1863, that "the alteration of the two trochaic 
into iambic lines " is "an improvement on the 
original metre." Although thus commended 
by Dr. Neale, the use of this form is almost 
exclusively confined to H. A. and M. 

1. Binnen, lift you ayes and see. By F. 
Pott, ia his Hymns, &c, 1861, No. 189, in 6 st. 

[J. J.] 

Atwood, Henry Adams Bergiaon, 

H.A., b, Jan. 13, 1800, educated at Queen's 
Coll., Oxford, graduating in 1822. He was 
successively Curate of Kenilworth, Chaplain 
to tbe Bishop of Lichfield, and Vicar, in 1839, 
of Ashle worth, Gloncestershire. In 18S7 he 
published Hymns for Private or Congregational 
Use,for every Sunday in the year. Hed.iul877. 

Auber, Harriet, daughter of Mr. Jaines 
Auber, b. in London, Oct. 4, 1773. During 
the greater part of her quiet and secluded 
life she resided at Broibonrne and Hoddesdon, 
Herts, and died at the latter place on the 
20th Jan., 1802. Mies Auber wrote devo- 
tional and other poetry, but only a portion of 
the former was published in her Spirii of the 
Psalms, in 1829. This collection is mainly 
hc*r work, and from it some useful versions of 
the Psalms havo been taken and included in 
modern hymn-books, about 20 appearing in 
Spurgeon's O. O. H. Bk., I860. Miss Auoer's 
name is widely known, but it ia principally 
through her exquisite lyric, "Our blest 
Redeemer, ere He breathed," and the Epi- 
phany hymn, "Bright was the guiding star 
that led. (For criticism of htr work, sco 
Snaiioh JPmHot, §. 17.) 

In addition to these end other hymns bv 
Miss Auber, which are annotated under their 
respective first lines, tho following are also in 
C. II., but principally in America : — 

1. Arise, ye people, and adore. Eaitcr. 
1. As Thy chosen people. Lord. Pt. izoiii. 

3. Can guilty man indeed believe t Pt. skip. 

4. Delightful is the task to sing. Pt- exleii. 

Ik Father of Spirits, Nature's God. ft. extxt. 
&. HalL gracious Source of every good. Ft. Ixv. 
1. Hasten, Lord, the glorious time. Pi. IxxlL 
a. Jehovah retails, O earth, rejulcc. Ps. xcptt. 
s. Join, all ye servants of tbe Lord. H. Scriptures, 

10. Jesus, Lord, to Tbee -we sing. Ft. re, 

11. O all ye lands, rejoice in God. Pi. Ixvi. 

ISt. God our Strength, to Tbee the sons;. Pi. feast. 

13. praise our great and gracious Lord. Ft. laxviii. 

14. On thy church, O power divine. Ft. fevtf. 

15. Sweet la the work, Lord. Sunday. • 

IS. That Thou, O Lord, art ever nigh. Ft. trio. 
11. Tbe Lord, 'Who hath redeemed onr Bonis. Pi. xzxi. 
IS. When all bespeak* a Tamer's bve, ft. ai. 
IS. When dangers press and fears Invade. Pt. txii. 
as. Who, Lord, when Hfc is o'er. Ft. it>. 
31. Whom have fie Lord, Jn heaven, but Tbee, 
Pt. lxxiii. 
». Wide.yeheavenly gates, nntda. Atcetttiov. 


33, With hearts In love abouneiinit. Ft. xlv. 

M. With Joy we lull the sacred day, Sunday. 

M. Vainly through the night U» ranger. Ft. trstti. 

All these psalm-versions and hymns are from 
her Spirit of (fie P<oInu. London, 1829. 


Auctor beate saeculi. fLom 0/ JestM,] 
This hymn is of unknown authorship and 
date. It is for the Feast of the Sacred Heart 
of Jesus; for which Feast in some eds. of the 
Bom. Brtv. later than 1735 there ara two dis- 
tinct offices with different hymns ; the diiy of 
observance being that following the Octave 
of Corpus Christi (viz. IMday before the 3rd 
{Sunday after Whitsunday). Auctor beats sae- 
euli i» the hymn at second Vespers- in thej&rsJ 
office when the Feast is kept on its own day, 
and with the rank of a greater double ; and at 
both Yespeis when the Feast is transferred, 
or kept with the rank of a donble of the first 
or second class, the reason being that in the 
former case the firtt Vespers are superseded by 
the second Vespers of the Octave of Corpus 
Christi Iq England tite^fofflcms appointed 
to be said on the Sunday after the Octavo of 
Carpus Christi, with the rank of a double of 
the second class; religious orders, as a rule, 
observing it on the Friday succeeding that 
Octave, thus the hymn occurs at both Vespers. 
In addition to modem eds. of the Horn. ISrev. 
the full text is given in Daniel, iv. p. 811, but 
without note or comment. [W. A, S.] 

Translations in C, U. : — 

1, J»n, Creator of the world. By £1 Caswall. 
1st pub. in his Lyra Catholica, 1849, p. 116, and 
in his Hymns and Poems, 1873, p. 66, In at. of 
4 1, This tr. is found fa several collections, at 
times slightly altered, but generally as rendered 
by Coswall, 

8. Than, by "Whom th* world* were tamed. 
This is based upon Caswall's tr. It is No. 347 
in Kennedy, 1863 ; and, altered to " Thon blest 
Redeemer of the world," No. 82 ia Santin, 1868, 
In the latter it is appointed for " Sexagesimal" 

Audi, bonlgne Conditor. St. Oregon/ 
the Great. ILent} This hvnin is given in 
St. Gregory's Work* (see Hype's Patrologia, 
torn. 78, col. 849, 850.) Intlie Roman Brev. 1W2 
it occurs, almost unaltered, as the hymn ut 
Vespers on the Saturday before the 1st Sun. in 
Lent, to the Saturday before Passion Sunday 
(the last exclusively), wbeuthe Ferial Office is 
said, Sundays included. In the Hymn. Saritb. 
Lond., 1851, it is given as tho hymn at Lands 
on the 1st Sun. in Lent, and daily to the 3rd 
Sun. In York and 8t. Alban'e, itis the hymn 
for the first four Saturdays in Lent and the 
following Sundays at Vespers. At Canterbury 
(from a us. at Lunbetb, No. 538, of the 15th 
eemt. which states " those are Hie offices to the 
observance of which every monk of Christ 
Church, Canterbury, is held bound "), it is on 
Saturdays and Sundays, in Lent, nt Vespers. 
At Evesham, 1st and 2nd Sun. at Vespers, and 
at Woreetter and St. Andrevwte-Bromholm 
(Norfolk), it is set down as a Vesper hymn 
in Lent. In the British JKttswtw it is found 
in three use. of the 11th cent. (Hurl. 2961, f. 
236 b; Vesp.D. xii., f. 51; Jul. A. vi., f. 45). 
In the Latin Hyt. of ffte Anglo-Saxon Church 



1851, p. 02, it is from an 11th ocnt MS. at Dur- 
ham. The text is also in Daniel, L, No, 149. 
and with additional notes at iv. p. 121 ; i a 
Waehtruagel, i„ No. 100; Card. Newman's 
St/mni Med,, 1838 and 1865, and others. 

„ , . . [W.A.S.] 

Translations in C. U. .— 

1, father af moreiss, hear, Thy pardon, to. By 
Bp. G. W. Doone, 1st pub. in his Songs by the 
Way, 1824, from whence it passed into Hall's 
Mitre, 1838 ; Cooke & Denton's Hymnal, 1853 j 
the Sjram, 1868; Son MUre, 1875; Kennedy, 
1863, No. 394, and others. (Orig. tr. in Songs 
by the Way, ed. 1875.) This tr. is sometimes 
attributed, as in Miller's Singers §■ Songs, p. 12, 
to Dr. Neale, in error. 

1. Thon loving Maker ef manhJni, By E. Cos- 
wall, from the Bom. Brcv. text. Appeared in his 
Lyra Catholica, 1849, p. 70, in 5 St. of 4 1., and 
again in his Hymns <f- Boons, 1873, p. 39. It is 
given in several Roman Catholic and other col- 
lections, and altered as, "O loving IJaker of 
maukind," in the Bymnary, 1872, No. 211, 

8. Benign Creator, hear. By W. J. Blew, from 
the Paris Brcv,, printed on broadsheet for use in 
his church, circ, 1850, and pub. in his Church 
By. 4r Time Bk., 1852, in 5 st. of 4 1. 

t, O Kakar of the world, give ear, By J. II. 
Neale. Appeared in the Hymnal JK, 1852, from 
whence it passed into Murray's Hymnal, 1852, 
and several later collections. 

&■ Father of Xeroiea, hear, Before Thy thme, &e. 
By J. A. Johnston. Contributed to his English 
Hymnal, 1852 to 1861, in 5 st. of 4 I. 

6, aferoiful Oreator, hear, Began! our, ho. 
By J. D. Chambers, in his Laada Syon, 1857, i. 
p. 129, in 5 st. of 4 I. This has been repeated 
in the ed. of 1860 ; in Dr. Irons's Hymns, I860; 
the People's U., 1867, U. 

V. Keroiful Creator, hear, To us in pity, &e. 
This rendering in //. A. 0- M., 1861 and 1875, 
Pott's Hymns, 1861, Ch. Hys., 1871, &c, ia ■ 
cento from the trs. of Neale, Chambers, and 
others. It is said in the Index to H. A. & if- to be 
by the "Rev. J. M. Neale, d.d., and Compilers i 
from the Latin." It seems from Mr. Eller- 
ton'i note in Ch. Hymns, that the Rev. F. I'ott 
was one of those " Compilers," and that to him 
this arrangement is mainly due. 

S. gruiooa Father, bend Thine ear. Two 
hymns, beginning with this same stanza, are in 
C. U. (1) in the Parish H. Bk. 1863 ; and (2) in 
Chope's Hymnal, 1864. The latter is the Parish 
H. Bk. text, with another st. (ii.). 

Translations not in C. V, t — 

1. Merciful Creator! hear our prayer. By Brum- 
(horiI, 1619. in Heber's 7/jPHtMJ, ISM. 

3. r Diou gracious Author of our days. /. CAawdJer, 

3. Hear, our all-gracious Father, hear. Xant, 183.. 

4. Merciful Maker, bear our call. TVttlimu, 1S39- 
B. GracloUH Creator, hear. Copdand, 184S. 

Q. Father of Merries, pitying bear. Jtorfton, ls&l. 
1. Omerdful Creator, heed. Jfcweir, isss. [J.J.] 

Audi HOB, Bex Chriate. Awm, {Pro' 
ce*sioual.~} 1st pnb. from a MS. of the 11th 
cent at Clermont, by Du M cril, in his Poisies 
Populaires Latinee au moyen age, Pnris, 1847, 
pp. 56-58, together with an extensive note. 



The text was repeated by Daniel, iv. p. 171, 
with reference to Du Meril. It is ft Pilgrim**- 
song, and os such it might be used as a Pro- 
cessional. Ifr.Neale has printed DuMenl'stett 
(without the various readings) in his Hymni 
EceUtiae, 18S1, p. 227 ; and Mr. Eilerton (with 
the readings) in his Notes on Churek -Hymns, 
1881, No. 440, where he falls into the error of 
giving the date of the first, 1843, instead of 
we second, 1847, volume of Da Me"ril's work. 

[W. A. S.] 

Translations in C. U. : — 

1. dhriat, our King, (ire ear. By J. M. Neale, 
1st pub. in hit -Men*. Zfjimns, 1851, in 8 st. of 3 1. 
including the chorus. The S. P. C. K. Ch. Hymns, 

1871, No. 440, omits the chorus and st. ii. 

1. blessed Trinity, No. 299, in the Hymiiary, 
is Dr. Nettie's rendering expanded iato 7 st. of 
61. It was designed as a Processional for the 
Rogation Days. 

Audimur: almo Spiritua. 0. Coffin. 
[Whitsuntide.'} Fwn his Hymni Saeri, Paris, 
1736, p. 57, as a Hymn for Whitsuntide. In 
the revised Parit Breviary, 1736, it is the 
Hymn for Lands at Whitsuntide; as also in 
Lyons and other modem French Breviaries. 
Text in Card. Newman's Hyinni Ecciesiae, 
1838 and 1865. Tlie tr. in C. LF. is :— 

Lo, the Father hears our prayer. By C. S. 
Cttlverley, made for and 1st pub. in the Hymnary, 

1872, No. 321. 

Translations net in 0. IT. : — 

1. Our prayer ls beard ; the holy Dove, J. CfawdXer, 

2. Now our prayerB are beard on high. I. Wiiliamt, 


3. Weareheeid: the gentle Spirit. Blew, 18B*. 

4. Our prayers are beard : the Spirit blest. Chamlxrt, 


Auf;auf, Uu-BeichBgeliosseii. Johatm 
BisL [Advent.'] 1st pub. in Ida SaUxUieche 
Seefenlust, Luueburg, 1651. p. 4, in 12 st. of 
8 1., entitled, " On the Gospel of the First 
Sunday in Advent, -which is written by the 
Holy Evangelist Matthew in hie Gospel at the 
21st Chapter." Included as No. 16 in the 
Leipzig Vorrath, 1673, and recently as No. 1 
in the Vnv. L. 8., 1851. 

Translations in C. U. : — 

1. Arise, the Einfdom is at hand. A tr. of 'st. 
!,-iii., ii., iii, by Miss Winkworth in the 2nd 
series, 1858, of her Lyra Ger., p. 4, and repeated as 
No. 22 in her C. B. for England, 1863, Included 
in full as No. 438, in J. L. Porter's Cot!., 1876. 
The trs. of 11. 1-4 of st. i.-iii., xii. were included 
as No. 66 in Boardmau's Coll., Philadelphia, 
1861, and an adaptation in 7 st. of C M., as 
No. 115 in the Pennsylvania Lnth. CH. £k., 

f . Arise, y* hairs of fbwy. A tr. of st. i , iii., 
xii., signed ¥• C C. as No. 7 in Dr. Fagenstecher's 
Coll., 1864. 

S. Awake 1 sons of the Xincdom, the King, to, 

A tr. of st. i.-iii., jx.-xii. based on Miss Wink- 
worth's tr. of the same, as No. 16 in the Ohio 
Luth. Hymnal, 1880. [J. M.] 

Au£ au£ weil der Tag ewcMenen. 
/. A. FreyUnghauten, [Advent."] 1st pub. as 


No. 1 in his Neuet geittreieha G. B., 1714, in 
11 st. of 7 )„ reprinted in GroWs ed. of his 
QeUUiehe Lieder, 1855, p. 1, and included as 
No. 129 in the Berlin <?. L. S. ed. 1863. 

Translations in C. U. : — 

1. Wstal the welaoma day appeaietk, A good 
tr., omitting st.vii., viii.,byMi*sCoi inher&c. 
H. from tit Oeitmn, 1841, p. 3, and repeated with 
st. ii. slightly altered in her II. from tie German, 
1864, p. 23. Her trs. of st. i.-iv., »., were in- 
cluded as No. 17 in Korison's Coll. 1851 ; of st. 
i., iii., vi., x., as No. 233, in Hedge and Hunting- 
ton's Colt., 1853, and Robinson's Songs for the 
Sanctuary, 1865, No. 1176 ; and of St. i.-iv., ii., 
in J. L. Porter's Coll., 1876, No. 404. 

S. Wake, oh wake, the day aiisata. A tr. of 
st. i., iv., xi., by A, T. Russell, as No. 31 in 
his Pt. #■ Hymns, 1851. [J. M.] 

Aufer immenaam, Deus, aufer iram. 

[National Fast,] 1st pub. in Vermannng an 
ifon(« Deutsche Nation, Wittenberg, 1511, and 
included, altered, in Hymni aliquot soeri, etc., 
Collectors Georgia Tltymo, 1552, where it is 
marked as "author uncertain." Thence in 
WaekernageL, i. p. 271, in 8 st. of 4 1. II has 
been tr. into English through "Nimm von 
uns, Herr, du treuer Gott," a free tr., in 7 st 
of 6 ]., by Martin Mcller in bis Meditatiotiea 
Sanctorum Patrmn, GorlitE, 1584, entitled " A 
beautiful daily prayer in all tine of need." 
Thencein TTacit:emo^re{,v.p.56,andaaNo.579 
in the Unv. L. B„ 1851. 

The <r«. are : (11 " Eemove from us. faithful God," 
by J. C. JaaHA, UM, p. 123 (cd. 1)32, p. 1S8, altered). 
(21 "'ITiinkonTbySon'SBobltterdeath, atr. of st. vi. 
"Gedenk an detn Sofan's bittern Tod," as No. SSS In pt. 

Ii., 11K, of tbe Moravian M. Bk, (ed. Vint, pt. 1.. So. 

It. M.] 


Auferatehii, ja aufemtehn wirat do. 
F. G. Klopitock. [Burial of the Bead.] This 
beautiful little poem, hardly to be called a 
hymn, on the Eesurrection of the Body, was 
written after tlie death, on Nov. 28, 1758, of 
his first wife, Meta Moller, and 1st pnb. in his 
Geittiiche Lieder, vol. i., Coponliogen, 1758, 
p. 80, in 5 st. of 5 1. It was sung by tbe 
assembled thousands when, on March 22, 1803, 
he was laid to rest at Meta's side in tlie church- 
yard of Ottensen, near Altono, Commonly 
usod also at Easter. Included as No. 1512 in 
the Berlin G. L. S. cd. 1863. The tr. in C. TJ. 
is: — 

Thau txf dost awaking from brief rest, l>y 
A. T. Russell, as No. 257 in his Ps. $ Hymns, 
1851, in 5 st. Rather based on the German 
than an exact translation. Included, beginning 
"Thou wilt raise our bodies from brief rest," as 
No. 744 in Kennedy, 1863. 

T ra nsla ti ons not in 0. U. j — 

(t )" Yea I soon away shall death's deep slumbers roll," 
by Sir J. Bowring in bta Wymn*, 192«,No.B9. {21 "Yes I 
taon wilt rise, wilt rise as Jeans rose," in w. Hind's 
Oda </ Xlepitock, ISIS, p. 309. (3) " Arise, yes, yes, 
arise, thou my dust/' in Dr. A. BaskervlLle'a poetry e/ 
Germany, ISM (ed. 1S7Q. p. W), and thence In tba 
Gilman^cbaff Lib. ef Bel. Poetry, ed. 1893, n. 114. 
(4) " Tbou sbalt rise ! my dust thou sbalt arise," by Miss 
Borthwick In H. L. L. lBSo Cissi, p, las, isaj, p, lis), 
and altered in SchaiT's Chrttt in Xmg, 1SSS, p. 6M fed. 
lBie,p.B20). (Bl" Rise tboo shalt, yes, rtse,'' by J.S. 
Stallybrasa, in tbe IWic Sol-fa Xeperttr, July, lssl. 
(t) " lUae again I yes, tbou shalt rise sajain, my dust," 


by MIs« Fry, ISM, p. 111. (») * Arlseagain, arise apd"" 
in O.S. Bore's OarkmdQf Smgt, 1361 (later eds. p. M). 
(81 "KIM again! yes, rise ngsln wilt thou," by Miss 
Wlnlcworth, 1U9, p. 333. [J, M.] 

Augusta, Johajm, socins to have been 
bom at Frag about the year 1500. He was 
consecrated Bishop of the Bohemian Brethren 
in 1532, became president of their "select 
council" in 1537, and d. at Jung-Bundau, 
Bohemia, Jan. 18, 1572. Two of his hymns, 
written in Bohemian, have passed into Eng- 
lish through the German as follows : — 

L Aj j«k j«*n mOt tvoji prilytkovi. \1he C\rU- 
tian OTtires.] Founded en Ps. ImsIv. In the Bo- 
hemian Brethren'* If. Bk., ISS», f. 168, In 18 st. Tr. 
Into German by J. Gelstdty In the Kirdwigaeng, 
Pratt. 1MB, and thence In Wacktmagd. iv. p. 356, be- 
ginning ■- vie sent Sieblich slnil all deln Tvoununp;." 
Tr. from the Oemun by J. Gambold as No, 29B In pt. 1. 
oTthe Moravian H. flfc., 1764(1840, No, 1B3), beginning, 
" How amiable Thy habitations are." 

11, Buii* veleban Tan Boh nil poohveleau [Hie 
Vkrtatian Churck.] Founded on Fe. ilvilf. In the 
Bohemian Brethren's H. Bk„ ihi. f. 168, In 8 st. Tr. 
into German by P. Herbert tn the JKrcsenffeaetta, ISM, 
and thence In Wackarvagd, iv. p. 410, beginning, 
"Gott iroll'n wlr loben." The trt. from the German 
are(l) "Praise onr God gracious," by J. (Jambold, as 
No. 268 In pt. 1. of the Moravian if. Bk., 1)64. fa) 
"Praise God for ever," as No, 491 In the Moravian 
S. Bk.. 1189 OM9, No. 161). [J. M.] 

Aurea luoe eft decore rosea [SS. Peter 
and Pa«J]. This hymn is probably of tho 
Gth cent. It has generally been ascribed to 
Blpis, wifo of the philosopher Bosthius ; bnt 
Wane, on tlio ground thnt it is not in classical 
metre, thinks that this is improbable. JBoiie 1 * 
text, No. 694, is from vm. of the 14th and 15th 
cent Daniel, U No. 137, gives the text in 
6 st., alomj with the Raman Breviary version ; 
with further notes at iv. pp. 164, 371, includ- 
ing readings from a 9th cent lis. at Bern. 
Among tho British Xuseum msb. it is found in 
two of tho 11th cent. (Vesp. D., xii. f. 83 b.; 
Jul. A„ vi. f. 55). The text of an 11th cent 
us. at Durham is given in the Lot. Hys. of the 
Anglo-Saxon Ch., 1851, p. 105. 

This hymn Is found In many Breviaries, t.g., the older 
Roman, the York, and the Santm, assigned to the vigils 
of S3. Peter and r»u!, it. St. 111. for St. Peter, be- 
(dnrJng, " Jam bone pastor Petre," was used separately 
for the festivals of St. Peter's Chair and St. Peter's 
Chains. St. Iv. for St. Paul, beginning, " Doctor egregie, 
Paute," was also need separately for the festivals ofbta 
Conversion, Ae. 

In tho revised Soman Breviary, 1632, it was 
considerably altered, St. i. beginning « Ssoora 
lux utemiUiu annua ; " st iii beginning 
"Beats paatar *et»[ M and st, iv. beginning 
" 2«TBgie doctor Paula." This form is also in 
Daniel, i. No. 137. [J. M.] 

Translations: — 

1, Aurea luoe et deeore roseo. This hoi been 
tr. by J. D. Chambers in his Lauia Syon, pt. ii., 
1866, as " With golden splendour bright." This, 
in a form so altered as almost to constitute a new 
tr., waa given in the Antiphoner $ Grail, 1880, 
nnd the Hymner, 1883, No. 116 : as "With 
golden splendour, and with roseate loveliness." 

1. Seven ba. aeterniUti* anream. Tr. by 
E. Caswall in his Lyra Catholica, 1849, p. 159, 
nnd his Hymns, 1873, p. 87, as "Bathed in 
Eternity's all-beauteous beam ; " and by F. W, 
Faber in his Jesru $ Mary, lie, 1819, as "It 



is no earthly summer's ray," This latter (*■. is 
adopted by some Roman Catholic hymn-books 
for missions and Schools, and is also in the 
Marquess of Bute's ed. of the Soul Brev., 1879. 

t. Beat* pastor Petre olemena aeoipe, Tr. by 
E. Caswall in his Lyra Catholica, 1849, p. 128, 
and his Hymns, 1873, p. 70. This tr. is adopted 
by the Marquess of Bute, -Rom. Bret., 187ft, as 
" Peter, blest Shepherd, hearken to our cry," 

f ■ Egrafi dootor Paule mores iaatrue, Tr. by 
JE, Caswall in his Lyra Cathotica, 1849, p. 12a, 
and Hymns, 1873, p. 71, as "Lead us, great 
teacher Paul, in wisdom's nays." Also adopted 
by the Marquess of Bute. [J, J.] 

Aurora jam spargit polum, [Satur- 
day Morning.] Tliis hynm is ascribed to Sf. 
Ambrose ; but, not being quoted by early 
writers, it Is not received as certainly genuine 
by the Benedictine editors ; it may be his 
nevertheless. It is tho Hymn at Lauds on 
Saturdays in the Roman Brev., 1632, when tho 
Ferial Office is said, from the Sunday after the 
Octavo of the Epiphany to the flist Sunday in 
Lent, and from the Octave of Corpus Chriuti 
to Advent. For tho text in the Bom. Brer., 
placed in iuxtarmsition with the original ver- 
sion, see Daniel, No. 47. Scealso tho editions 
of St. Ambrose (Migne's Patrol., torn. 17, tho 
fourth and Inst of the works of that Father). 
Also in Thomatiitt, ii. p. 413, Clichtovev*, 
and others. 

In tho Jb*ozaraoi'c Breviary, cd. 1775, it is 
given among the hymns as "A hymn to be 
said on Saturdays in Lent at Matins." (Jtftjne's 
Patrol., torn. 86, col. 897.) In the Hpmnarittm 
Sariiburiente, Land., 1851, p. 58, it is given as 
the hymn for Ferial Offices on Saturdays at 
Lands from the Sunday after the Octave of 
tho Epiphany to Lent, and from the Octave of 
Corpus Christ! to Advent. York, Hereford, 
Evesham, &?., appear to have had tho samo 
use. (See p. 13, where the Sunday after tho 
Octave of the Epiphany is called the Sunday 
Doming, ne in ird, from the beginning of the 
responeory after the first Lesson at Matins : so 
the Sunday Dev$ omnium is named from a re- 
sponsory at Matins on the Sunday after the 
Octave of Corpus Christ!.) The variations of 
ForIc,iroreeseer l ^iesAam,oic.,aroalBO given in 
that work. It is also in three uss. of tho 11th 
cent, in the Brto'sA -Museum (Harl. 2961, f. 225: 
Vesp, D. iii., f. 25 b ; Jul. A. vi.. f. 80 b}, and 
in the Latin Hya. of tht Anglo-Saxon Church, 
1851, from an 11th cent. us. at Durham. 

Atone, i, p. 372, cites it as in a us. in the 
Town Library at Trier, probably of the 8tli cen- 
tury; and Daniel, iv. p. 40, refers to a Bheinau 
us. of the 10th cent, now at Zurich, in which 
it is also found. 

The text of this hymn is also given in Card. 
Newman's Eymni Ecclesiae, 1838 and 1865; 
Macgill's Song* of fie Christian Creed and 
Life, Lond., 1876 ; Bimrock, p 8 ; and by 
others. [W. A. 8.] 

Translations in C. U. : — 

1. The mora has aprtad Its crimson rajs. By 
R. Campbell, from the Rom, Brec, made for and 
1st pub. In his St. Andrew's Hymnal, Edin., 1850, 
p. 73, in 6 st. of 4 1., and given in later Scottish 
Episcopal collections, 



J, Tiawn sprinkles all tlu East with light. 
Contributed to the Hymnal if., 1852, in 4 st. of 
4 i. It is also No. 13 of Skinner's Daily Service 
Hymnal; and as " Dawn purples'all the cast with 
light," in the Hymnal of the American Protes- 
tnnt Episcopal Church, 1872. From the fact of 
its appearing in the Hiptvnal N. it has usually 
been attributed to Dr. Neala. On his own 
authority this is an error. (" B. MSS.") 

3. Vow mom is o'er tiie Esnith spread. By J. D. 
Chambers, from his Lmida Syon, 1857, p. 33, 
into the People's II., 1867, No. 433, in 4 st. of 
4 1. 

Translations sat in 0. TJ. : — 

1. With dawn's faint stress the heaven, && Mant, 

2. Forth from the glorious ere of morn. Ifymn. 
AnylK. 1814. 

3. MoraUghteupearth'scanopy. Sp. Williams, 1946. 

4. The dawn Is sprinkling In the east. €fet»a&, 13*9. 
ft. The dawn la dappling o'er the &kv. Ofieland, 18*8. 
6. Now morning sprinkles nil the sky. Maegiil, isfs, 

[J. J.] 

Aurora lucis dum novae. N. Le To-ur- 
neaux. [Fatter.] In the revised Pari* Bre- 
viary, 1736, this hymn is appointed as the 
hymn at Lauds on the Sunday after Easter-day, 
and afterwards at Lauds in the Ferial Office 
from Eaater to the Ascension. The text is 
given in Card. Newman's Hymns' Eocle&iae, 
1838 and 1865. It is tr. as :— 

1. Kern 1 ! roseate hues have decked the sky. 
By Wm. Cooke, written for the Hymnary, and 
included therein, 1872, No. 267. From the 
Hymnary it passed into Thring's Coll., 1882, 
No. 200. The refrain is not in the original. 

Sp seme, and witb the early mom. By Bp, 
J. E. Woodford, in Hys. for the Christian Sea- 
sous, 2nd ed., 1855; the Parish H. Bk., 1863, 
No, 55, eic. 

Tiuslatian* not la 0. TT. ; — 

1. The new morn hath risen. /. WHliaws, 1539. 

2. The orient beams of Easter Mom. J. 2>. otanterg, 
WM-. [J. J.] 

Aurora lucis ratilat. [fiwfcr.] ThU 
hymn, is ascribed to St Ambrose, but was not 
reoeived among his undoubted works by the 
Benedictine editors. (See Btigne's Patrol., 
torn. 17; the 4th vol. of the works of St 
Ambrose.) It maybe his ; but is not specially 
referred to as such by Any early writer. 

The text is in Daniel, L, No. 79 (the revised 
Soman Breviary version being given side by 
side with the original), who says it may be 
found everywhere in old Breviaries, hut for 
the most part mutilated. It is No. 19 of 
the Junius us. of the Sth cent., and Mime, 
No. 141, has it from a us. of the Abbey of Bei- 
ohenau of the beginning of the 9th cent., and 
from later MSB. at Karlsruhe, && Amongst 
the British Museum MSB. it is in two of the 
11th cent ^Vcsp. D. xii„ f. 70; Jul. A. vi., 
f. 49) ; and in the Latin By*, of the Anglo- 
Saxon Ch., 1851, p. 84, it is printed from an 
11th cent. us. at Durham. 

It will be found in the Hymn, Saris. Lond., 
1851, pp. 94, 95; headed "Ad Matutinas, 
Qtwtidie usque ad Ascen. Dom.,'* "At Matins, 
daily, to the Ascension of the Lord" (i.e. 
commencing on Low Sunday, the Octave of 
Easter). This part ends at line SO, Then 


follows, at Lauds, Sermons blando Angelas (to 
end). So the ForA: use. At Canterbury, St. 
Alban's, St. Andrew de Bromholm (Norfolk), 
it would appear that Aurora lucis was said 
at Lands entire. Worcester says "Sermone 
blando Angela* dieitur cum Aurora :" tile two 
hymns are said one with the other: one, it 
may be, at Matins, the other at Lauds. 

In the Mozarabic Breviary (Toledo, 1502, 
f. 297) it is (riven as the Hymn in ihe " Ordo 
Primi" in Easter-tidc. 

The revised version of this Lymn, made 
for the Roman Breviary, 10*32, begins Anna 
ostium pmjmrat t and is therein divided as fol- 
lows: (1) Lines 1-16 of the original be- 
came in a revised form the hymn for the 
Ferial Office at Lands from Low Sunday to 
(exclusively) the Ascension; (2) Lines 17-32 
of tho entire hymn, Tristes erant Apostoli 
(witli doxology of eight lines) are assigned to 
the Common of Apostles and Evangelists in 
Easter-tide (Tempore Pasehali) at 1st and 2nd 
Vespers and at Matins: (8) Lines 32 to end, 
Paschale mundo gaudinm (in ttie original 
Ctaro FateJuUi gavdio), to Lands of the tame 
Common of Apostle* and Evangelist*. Tins 
division of the latter part, for the Common of 
Apostles and Evangelists, was made by Pope 
Pius V. (Gavanti, Tkes. Saeroram EUuum.) 

fW. A. S.] 

In annotating the translations V>f this hymn, 
for the sake of unity and clearness, two divi- 
sions are given: (i) Trs. of the Original 
Text (sometimes with variations), and (ii.) those 
trs. which are from tho Soman Breviary, 

I. The Original Text 

In rendering the hymn into English some 
translators have given the text in full, whilst 
others have taken a part only. Those in full, 
together with their use in modern hymnals, 
are : 

1. — i. Aaron lads ratUat. "Light's glittering 
morn bedecks the sky." 

ii, Bermtne blando Angelas. "With gentlevoke 
the angel gave." 

This tr. by Dr. Noale, in two parts, was pub- 
lished in the Bymnal If., in 1852, and con- 
tinued in later editions. Ft. L consists of lines 
1-20, and 4 lines, and a doxology not in the 
original, but in the Sanaa Brev., pt. ii. of lines 
21-44, and the closing lines of pt. i. repeated. 

In 1881, the Compilers of H.A.&M. gave this 
rendering in that collection with rather exten- 
sive alterations, and rearranged in three parts, 
thus: — . 

i. inn losli rotilat. " light's glittering 
morn bedecks the shy." 

ii. Tristes ennt ApoetoH. " The Apostles' 
hearts were full of pain." 

ill. Clam Fuohali gwulio. "That Eastertide 
with joy was bright." 

To these were added a stanza, and doxology as 
in the Sarttm Brev., to be sung at the end of 
each part ;— 

ttnaesnaus, Aneter omnium. « O I*rd of all, 
with us abide." 

Gloria Tint Bomine. " All praise he Thine, 
risen Lord," 


la the annotated edition of H. A. fr JK, Mr. 
Biggs has given the Latin text from the Sanaa 
Breviary. It is ft reprint of the original with 
the addition of the last eight lines. 

This//. A. fy M. text was included, with omis- 
sions find further alterations, in Kewiedy, 1863, 
No. 691, in two parts: — 

I. Amor* lueii, 4b. " Light's glittering dawn." 
ii, Ware Faaohali gaudio, " That Eastertide 

with joy was bright." 

In 18G4 Mr, Skinner gars Dr. Kenle's render-: 
ing with omissions, bnt without alterations in 
the text, in his Daily Service Hymnal, No. 127. 

i. Annus, lucis, it. " Light's glittering morn 
bedecks the sky." 

ii. Oluo Pasehali gaudio, " In this our bright 
and Paschal day," 

Dr. Neale's rendering is also included in the 
ILpnnaiy, 1872, altered by the editors, and 
divided into three parts :— 

i Aurora luoU. "The glittering morn bedecks 
the sky." 

ii. Triitst (rant Apoitoli. " Deep sorrow on 
the Apostles came." 

tii. Olaie Pasehali gaudio. " Joy dawned again 
on Easter-day." 

fl. A second tr. of the full text was published 
by J. D, Chambers in his iMvda Syon, 4c, 1857, 
pp. 182-185, in two parts : — 

i. Aurora luoii. " Light's Very morn its beams 

II. Sermene blando. "In accents soft the An- 
gel said." 

This translation, as a whole, is not in congrega- 
tional use, but portions are given in centos yet 
to be noted. 

S, Barmen* Mauds, " With gentle voice the An- 
gel gave." This rendering of lines 21-44, and 
the 8 lines from the Sarnm Brev., was given in 
the Salisbury H. Bk., 1857, No. 103. It ismainlv 
an alteration of Neale's tr., and probably by 3. 

4, Aurora lueia, " Now dawning glows the day 
of days," by Professor P. J. A. Hort, was written 
in 1858, for and pub. in the Bev. J. Ellerton's 
Hymns for Sctiools & Bible Classes, 1859, No. 34, 
in two parts: — 

i. Aurora luoia. " Now dawning glows the 
day of days." 

it. TrUtes ttutt. " Sad the eleven apostles 

With very slight alterations, pt. i. was in- 
cluded in Church Hymns, Ko. 130. 

I. Aurora luais, "The dawn of light breaks 
o'er the sky." An altered form of Dr. Neale's tr. 
of lines 1-16 and the 8 concluding lines from the 
Sarum Brev. was included in Hymns fitted to the 
Order of C. P. by Bev. P. Pott, 1861, No. 89. 

Translation* net in C. TJ. : — 

In addition to the foregoing there are also transla- 
tions which have not come into common use. These 
Include : — 

(1) i. Aurora lueit. " The noddy dawn is breaking." 
Ii. Sermons btemdo. " With gentle speech the Angel." 
This rendering Is by the Bev, TV. J. Blew, and appeared 
in his Cfturc* Hymn and Tune Book, issi. Each part 
is given as a separate hymn, and includes the 8 lines 
from the Sarum Srco. 

(.3J Aurora lueii. "Tlieday-springiiironight.Ac.," 
by Xr. A. J. S. Hope in bis Hyt. of tht CK, 1844, 
comprising lines 1-30, and the Sanaa ending as above 

(3) Aurora toots. " Heaven with rosy mom, &c^" by 
Jtp. John William* (America), appeared in his Ancient 
Hymns of Holy Chnrck. Hartford [America], 1845. it 
embraces tbe some lines as that of Mr. Hope. 


II. TIte Roman Breviary text. 
As the divisions of the text in the Soman 
Breviary have been strictly adhered to by trans- 
lators, it will simplify our work by annotating 
those translations in the same order. 

1. Aurora coelum purpurat. 
1, This holy morn, so fair and bright. By J. 
Chandler, appeared in his Hymns of f/ic Primitive 
Church, 1837, pp. 77-8, Latin text, pp. 197-8. 
In this form it is not in common use ; but altered 
in his Hys. of the Church, 1841, No. 44, to 
" Bright sunbeams deck the joyful sky," it 
was included in Dr. Hook's Church School H. Bk., 
1850, No. 84; theZcftfe H. Bk., 1853, Ko. 310; 
and the Biipt. Ps. $ Hys. 1858 and 1880, No, 1 71. 
In the Zecda II. Bk. it is attributed to " Kose " 

8, Kerning spreads her crimson rays. By Bp. 
Mant, in his Ancient Hymns, 1837, p. 55, and iu 
the ed, 1871, p. 98, It was given as No. 43 in 
Stretton's Chwcli Hymns, 1850. 

5. The dawn is purpling e'er tbe sky. By W, 
J. Copeland, 1st pub, in his Hymns fa* the Week, 
1848, p. 86, together with parts two and tbree. 

4. The dawn was purpling o'er the iky. By rl 
Cas wnll, 1st pub, in his Lyra Catholica, 1849, 
pp. 38-E), and again in his Hymns $■ Poems, 
1873, pp. 55-50. In I860, it was included in 
the Wellington Collage II. Bk. ; in 1867, in the 
People's Hymnal, and also in other collections. 

ft. With sparkling rays mora deeka the sky. By 
J. A. Johnston, in his English Hymnal, 1352, 1st 
ed., No. 107. It was replaced in the editions of 
1856 and 1861 by: "Mom's glittering light 
bedecks tbe sky," No. 116, also by Mr Johnston. 

6, Tbe tneminc purples all the sky. By A. K. 
Thompson, of New York, contributed to Scbaffs 
Christ in Song, 1870, p. 193. This is a free 
rendering, with an original refrain of four lines 
to each stanza. 

Translation net in C, V, : — 
Now morning puiples all tbe skies. MotgUl, 1876. 

2. Tristes erant apostoli. 
1, Th' Apostles wept with hearts forlorn. By 
W. J. Copeland, in his Hymns for the Week, &e., 
1848, pp. 89-90. This was given in Stretton's 
Church Hyvats, 1850, No. 46 ; in Murray's Hymnal, 
1852, No. 59, and other collections, 

A, When Christ, by His own servant* ilaiii. By 
E. Caswnll, I.f/i-a Catltolica, 1849, pp. 205-6, 
and Hymns $ Poems, 1873, p. 109, 

3. In sorrow steep'd, with hearts ferlon. By J. 
A, Johnston, 1st pub. iu his English Hymnal, 
1852, No. 1 1 1., and again, rewritten, but with 
the same first line, in the 2nd ed., 1856, and 
the 3rd ed., 1801. 

4, A* mourns a -widowed bride. By Archbishop 
Benson, written for and first published in tbe 
Wellington College II. Bk., 2nd ed., 1863, where 
it is appointed for St. Philip and St. James's Day 

3. Pasehale mundo gaudiwtn. 
1, A fairer sun is risen on eaxtii. By W. J. 
Copeland, in his Hymns for the Week, 1848, pp. 
91—92. It was included in Stretton's Church 
Hymns, 1850, No, 50 ; in Murray's Hymnal, 1852, 
No. 58, and other collections. 



3. Sew daily shines the ton mem fair. By E, 
Caswall, in hia Lyra Catholics, 1840, pp. 207-8, 
and Hymns # Poems, 1873, pp. 100-110, In 
1863 it was given with alterations in the Wei' 
lingtan College H, Bk. and appointed for St. 
Mark's Day rooming. 

1, Hew thins* the inn with brighter ray. By 
J. A. Johnston, in his English Hymnal, 1852, 
No. 113. For the edition of 1856 it was re- 
written by the translator he, " Bright rose the 
sun that Zoster-day." This tatter rendering 
was repeated in the ed. of 1861. 

III. Centos. 
1. Hymns and Anthems, by G. Rorison, 1351. 
In this collection, No. 85, "The Apostles wept 
with hearts forlorn " is thus composed : st. 
i.-iii., Copeland ns above (Tristet erant) altered ; 
st. iv.-vi. by Dr. Eorison, 

S, The People'* Hymnal, 1B67. Inthis collection 
there are three centos from various translations ; 
(1.) "In accents bland the Angel blest," No. 115. 
It is thus composed : st, i., ii., iii., v., vi., Cham- 
bers's Zaada S/jon, altered ; st. It. and riii., J. M. 
Neale, from Hymnal Rated; st. vii., Chope's 
Hymnal, 1857, No. 83; later editions, No. 211, 
altered. (2.) " The Apostles' hearts with grief 
were filled." St. i., editors; st. ii.-v., Cham- 
bers, as above altered; st. vi., Chope's Hymnal, 
as above, altered ; st. vii., J. M. Neale, as above. 
(3.) " In this our bright and Paschal day." St 
i. and v., J. M. Neale, H. Noted; st. ii., iii., 
Chambers altered ; st. iv., J. A, Johnston, altered. 

[J. J.] 

Aurora vailo her rosy face, Balph 
Erskine. [The Jays of Heaven."] 1st pub. in 
hia Gospel Sonnets (2nd ed., Edin., 1726), as 
section 6 of part v., entitled " The Sung of 
Heaven desired by Saints on Earth," in 20 st 
of 41. Of this 11 st., beginning with st. ii., 
" Huppy the company that's gone," were in- 
cluded in the Sac. Songs of Scotland, I860, 
(Edin., A. Elliott, p. 42). Re-written 1785 by 
John Rorridgo as No. 143 of his Sion's Bongs, 
beginning "O happy saints, who dwell in 
li^ht." (See Lord Selborne's Bk. of Praite, 
No. oiiii. and note thereto.) [J. M.] 

Aus Lieb" verwundter Jesu mein. 
xvi. cent. {Holy Communion.] This appears 
in the Christ. Catkol. G. B., Nach der Fader- 
borniichen Edition, 1726, p. 263, in 16 st. of 4 1, ; 
among the hymns for Corpus Christi, as " A 
Sigh of Love to Jesus." In the Geistreiehes 
G. B., Berlenburg, 1720, No. 90, it has 9 at. 
In the Trier G. B. (R. C), 1810, p. 120, it is 
in 6 st It has been tr. as : — 

Jen, pierced for love ef me. In full from 
the Trier G. B., signed "Sister M.," in Lyra 
Eadi iristiat, 1S63, p. 252 (ed. 1864, p. 298), and 
thence as No. 535 in the People's H, 1867. 

[J. M.1 

Aua tiefer Moth acbrel ich su dip. 
Martin Luther. [Ps. exxx.'] This beautiful, 
though free, version of Ps. exxx. was written 
in 1523, Pa. exxx. was a great favourite with 
Luther, one of those he called Pauline Psalms 
— the others being Ps. xxxii., Ii., and cxtiii, 
With its versification he took special pains, 
and the final result ranks with ihe finest of 
German Psalm versions. It first appeared 


in 4 st. of 7 lines in Etlieh eiistUcli lider, 
Wittenberg, 1524, nnd in JL'yti Enchiridion, 
Erfurt, 1521. Tho form now in use con- 
siderably altered, and with st. ii. rewritten as 
ii., iii., appeared in the Geystliche gesanpk 
BwMeyn, Wittenberg, 1524, m 5 St., was in- 
cluded as No. 1 in Lather's Christiiche Geseng 
zttin Begrebnis, Wittenberg, 1542, and since in 
almost all German hymn-books, as recently in 
the Vnv. L. 8., 1851, No. 362. Both forms 
are included in Waokernagel's D. Kirehenlied, 
iii. pp. 7-8, and in Scuircks's ed. of Luther's 
Geitt. LUder, 1854, pp. 60-68. 

The fine melody (in the Irish Ch. Hymnal 
called De profundi! ; elsewhere, Luther's 
ISOifc, &c.) is possibly by Luther, and first 
appeared, with tho 5 st. form, in 1524. 

The hymn was sung, May 9, 1525, at tlm 
funeral of the Elector Friedrich the Wise iu 
tho Court church at Wittenberg ; by the 
weeping multitude at Halle when, on Feb. 20, 
1546, Luther's body was being taken to its 
lost resting-place at Wittenberg ; and again 
as tho lost hymn in tho Cathedral at Stras- 
burg before the city was captured by the 
French in 1681. St. v. comforted the laBt 
hours of Christian, Elector of Saxony, 1591, 
of Johanu Georg I., Elector of Saxony, 1656, 
nnd of King Friedrich I. of Prussia, 1723 
(Koch, viii. 2I1-21G). 

Translations in C. U. : — 

1, Oat of the deep I ery to Thee, Hy, A free 
(r. of st. i.-iii.. v., by B. Latrobe, ns Ko. 231 in 
the Moravian H. Bk., 1789 (1849, No. 287). In 
1848, it was given, slightly altered from the 
edition of 1826, and beginning "Out of the 
depths I cry to Thee, Lord, look," as No. 4 in the 
Dalston Hospital H. Bk. The text of 1826, un- 
altered save st. ii., 11. 3-4, was included as 
No. 440 in the Irish Ck Hymnal, 1873. 

1. From deep distress to Thee I pray, In full 
by Dr. H. Mills iu his Horae Gcrmankae, 1845 
(1856, p. 71). Thence as No. 70 in the Luth, 
Gen. Synod's Coll. 1850-52, and as No. 464 in 
Temple Melodies, N. Y., 1851, 

S, Oat »t the deptns, Lord, A paraphrase in 
12 st. of 6 lines by Miss Fry in her H. of the 
Jieformathn, 1845, p. 141. The dosology ia 
from the gloria to the version of Ps. i. by L. 
Oeler, 1525. This gloria is appended to Luther 
as No. 1558 in Barg's Breslau G. B., 1746. Her 
st, viii., iii., ii., iv., v., in order beginning — 
" Lord, let Thy people be," were included as 
No. 100, and st, vi,, vii., beginning — " Lord, 
Thou hast given Thy faithful word," as No. 07 
in Whittemore's Suppl. to Alt H. Bks., 1860. 

4. Out ef th* deep I ery to The*, Lord God, fee. 
A good and full tr. by A. T. Rvsselt as No. 74 
in bis Ps. $ Hys., 1851. Included in full in Dr. 
Bacon's ed. of Luther's Hymns, 1884, p, 10, and, 
omitting St. iv., as No. 85 in tho jew Zealand 
Hymnal, 1872. 

5. From deptli* ef wes I raise to Thee. Goodand 
full by K. Massie in his if. Luther's Spiritual 
Songs, 1854, p. 73, Thence unaltered as No. 64 
in the 1857 ed. of Mercer's C. P. # H. Bk. (Ox. 
ed., 1864, No. 150), and since in the Scottish 
Hymnal, 1870, the Scottish Presb. Hymnal, 1876 
(omittingst. iv,), and the Canadian Presb, H. B**, 


B, Out of the daptbs I my to flioe, Lard (rod J oh 
hear my prayer. In full by Hiss Winkworth in 

her Lyra ffw., 1855, p. 65, And thence unaltered 
as No. 626 in the Wes. H. Bk., 1875. The lines 
1-i of at. !., iii., v, form No, 548 in the Amer. 
Unitarian Hy. [# Tune] Bk., Boston, 1888. 

I, Ont of the depth* I ery to Hue, Lord Ood, 
bw my wainaf. A geod bat rather free tr., as 
No. 215 in the Jfcu> £&#., 1856, and since as No. 
501 in the JftfA. if. C, 1883, as No. 43 in Dr. 
Thomas's Aujvslme H. Bk., 1866, and No. 119 
in the Appendix of 1874 to the Leeds H. Bk. 
of 1853. Of this tr. st. ii.-v. are given in Dr. 
Dale's English H. Bk., 1874, No. 483, as "Thy 
sovereign grace and boundless love." 

8. Almighty Ood I I aell to That. A good tr. 
omitting st ii., included in the Amer. Episc, 
H. for Ch. $ Home, I860, No. 308, ant) repeated 
as No. 511 in the Amer. Episc. Coll., 1871. 

B. (tat of this depths I ray to Shoe, lord hear me. 
Full and good, as No. 40 by Miss Winkworth in 
her C. B. for England, 1863, and repeated as No. 
354 in the Lutheran General Council's Ch. Bk. 

10. In deep distress I ory to Thee, Lent, my 
God, A tr. of st. i., ii., v., signed F. C. O, as 
No. 184 in l>r. Pagensbxhe/s Colt., 1864. 

II. ftom lowest depths I ray to Thee, Full and 
good in K. Hassle's Sacred Odes, vol. ii., 1867, 
p. 134, and thence as No. 251 in J. L. Porter's 
ColL, 1876. 

IS. Out of tie depths I ory to Thee, Lord, mark 
my lamentation, in full, based npon R. Massie as 
above.os No. 233 in the Ohio Luth. Hymnal, 1880. 

Translations set in O.V. i — 

(l) "Outofthedepecry I to the," by Bp. Ooverdale, 
153»(ed. ls*t,p. suj. (t) " frs deip, O Lord, I cell to 
the," in the Oude and SoMs Battata (ed. loSti, folio 6» ; 
ed. 18«8,p.S8). (3) " Out of the deeps of long distress," 
by J. C. Jaeobi, ltw, p. SI (ed. lJM, p. »T, sit. and 
twinning "Out of the deeps of dark distress"). (4) 
" Guilty and vile, I call on Thee," by J. Anderson, teto, 

p. TO flaw, p. M). (B) " Fmm deep distress I cry to 
Tnee, Oh," by Dr. J. Bunt, 1861, p. 10.'. (9) "From 
trouble deep I cry to Thee," by Dr. G. Macdonald la the 

ftunt, 1863, p. 10.'. (9) 
Ht, G. Maedonal 
iSiHutny MoQariie, 18SJ, pi esa, and repeated altered in 

his.»eolfcs 1 1816, (1) " From lowest deeps I cry, 
OttoaV'byK. L.lrotbfegliun, lSI«,p. I8S, (8) "From 
deep distress I cry to Thee; Lord listen," in the Oa. 
o/ Xtalond Atojrosfne, 1812, p. 183. (9) "In deep dis- 
tress I cry to Thee, Lord," in E. Walters ttartin bather. 
1881, p. 13. [J. MJ 

Austin, John, born at Walpole, Norfolk, 
and educated at St. JohnV, Cambridge (or. 
1640). He became a Roman Cut holio, entered 
Lincoln's Inn to study for the Bar : subse- 
qnently became a tutor, and finally devoted 
himself to literature. Died in London, 1669. 
(See Xarly English Hymnody, §. X.) His works 
include The Christian Moderator* Befieettont 
upon the Oaths of Supremacy, and : — 

Devotima in the Antienl Way 0/ Qfiof Obtaining 
Ettertiiet for every day i» tie Week, leas, This la»t 
work, tbroogb which Austin is associated with hymnody, 
attained a 3nd ed. inl«W,3rd ed. MM, andtwo 1th eds. 
1*36. (A second part, consisting of a Xtorvwny of the 
Ootpdt, was also pUbUsbed, and Is of excessive rarity. 
A third, according to Anthony a Wood, existed 10 
jis.J It was a Roman Catholic manual, and contained 
is hymns, 39 of which are tn the Brst edition, and those 
added in the third edition are perhaps by the editor. 
A few of these were renderings from the Latin by 
E. Crashaw, altered and adapted by Austin. In IMS It 
was adapted for members of the Cbnieh of England by 
Theophilus Dorrington, and again in 1*8T liy the TAdy 


Susanna Hopton under the editorship of George Iliclces, 
afterwards a Monjuring Bishop, Of the Mh ed., HIT, 
of the last adaptation, a reprint was published by 
Masters In 1858. ryf. T. B.1 

Austin, William. A lawyer of Lincoln's 
Inn in the time of Charles I. His widow, 
Ann Austin, pub. in 1635, his 

Dentionit Angmlinianae Flanuaa. Tills contains 3 
carols for Christmas Day, 3 poems for Good Friday, 1 for 
tbe Annunciation, and a poem by hlmselr In anticipation 
of his own death. They are all of merit, and 4 may be 
fonnd reprinted In Days it Sauom, tod ed., 186), Lend., 
Mialey. In the Harlelan Kss. Kalph Crane's A atndfiU 
itf CdtiiiaU flowers contains other hymns, one of which, 
with Austin's initials, has been printed by Farr in bis 
Select Poetry of Jamtt /. It begins, " Wnat a gradoua 
flud have we." The popular carol— 

"All this night bright Angels slog, 
Never was snob carolling." 
No. xll. tn Bramlqy and Statoern Cturiitvua Curtis, 
A'ew dV Old, 2nd Series, ie his — 

" All this Night shrill Chauntecleere 
Daye's proclaiming Trumpeter," 
the first of his "dermis for ChrletmasKtsy." 

Austin d, Jan. 16, 1633, and lies in the 
north transept of St Saviour's, Southw&rk, 
where there is o stately monument representing 
him ; bis wife, and all his children, in the 
quaint fashion of those times, [W. T. B.] 

AuTt; r; *XtjttJ. ["AwMprdrssn fffipa,"] 

Author of all in earth and aky. A.M. 
Topladt/. [Lent.'] 1st appeared in his Poems 
on Sacred Subjects, 1759, in 22 st of 4 1, and 
entitled "The Praytr of King Manasses 
Paraphrased." It was subsequently included 
in bis Hymns, Ac, 1856, p. 83, and in 
Sedgwick's reprint of the Bymta, 1860. The 
hymn, "Bowedwiththe sense of sin I faint," is 
composed of st xv.-six. and zzL of the original. 

Author of faith, Sternal "Word, a 

Wesley. [FaitA.] This poem is a paraphrase 
of Heb. xi. It appeared in 88 st. of 4 1. in 
Hymns & 8. Poems, 1740, with the title " The 
Life of Faith." In 1780 J. Wesley gave st.i.-vi, 
us No. 92 in tbe Wes. H. Bk. (ed. 1875, No. 85> 
From the Wet. B. Bk. it has passed into most 
of the collections of the Methodist denomina- 
tions in G. Britain and America, and also 
into other hymnals. Full orig. test in P. 
Works, 1868-72, vol. i. pp. 209-221. The 
poem us a whole, is criticised in the Wes. 
Magazine, 1839, p. 381. 

Author of faith, on me confer. C. 
Wesley. [Faith. - ] From his Hymns on the 
Four QoeneU, us. dated 1765, and 1st pub. in 
theP. rrorfct,1868-72,vol.i.p.310,andfrom 
thenoe was transferred to the revised ed. of 
the IFes. H. Bk. 1875, No. 805, the third stanza 
being omitted. It is based on St. Matt xvii. 
20, "If ye have faith as a grain of mustard 
seed," *c. 

Author of faith, to Thee 1 ary. O, 
Wesley. [Lent] This hymn was first printed 
as the first of six hymns at the end of a tract 
entitled A short View of the Differences Between 
the Moravian Brethren in England, and J. a) 
C. Wesley, 1745. In 1749 it was reprinted in 
Hymn* & S. Poems, vol. i. No. 10, in 5 st. 
of 6 1. in tbe Wet. H. Bk. 1780, Nn. 114 


(ed. 1875), and in tho P. Works, 1868-72, vol. 
iv. p, 321. It lias also passed from the Wes. 
H. Bit. into ■various collections both, in G. 
Urittiin and America, sometimes rending 
■* Author of faitb, to Thee me cry."' A cento 
from this hymn, beginning, " Christ bids us 
knock mid cuter in," is given in the Americnn 
Church Pastorale, Boston, 1861. It is com- 
posed of at. iv. and ii. slightly altered. 

Author of faith, we seek Thy fhce. 
C. Wesley. [Inltrcession.~] The original 
hymn appeared in 9 st. of 1 1. as No. 61, in 
vol. ii. of Hymns * S. Poem, 1749, and is 
repeated in the P. Works, 1808-72, vol. v. 
p. 233. The abbreviated form in C tl. was 
included by J. Wesley in the Wes. H. Bk., 
1780, No. 446 (rev. ed. 458). It consists of 
st. i.-v. aud vii. It is found in various col- 
lections in 0. Britain and America. 

Author of friendship's sacred tie. 
C. Wesley. [FriendfUUp,] let pub. in Hymn) 
and Sacred Poems, 1749, vol. ii, p. 105, in 6 st 
of 12 1. mill again in the P. Works, 1868-72, 
vol. v. p. 408. In the Wes. H. Ek., 1780, No. 
510, a cento from this hymn was given, begin- 
ning, "Our friendship sanctify and guido." 
This lias been repeated in various collections, 
and specially in those of the Methodist de- 
nominations both in G. Britain and abroad. 

Author of life divine. [Holy Com- 
munion.] This hymn for tho Holy Commu- 
nion is from J, & C. Wesley's Hymns on the 
Lord's Supper, 1st pub. in 1745, No. 40, in 
2 st of 6 1. In 1875 it was included without 
alteration in the revised edition of H. A. & M., 
and attributed to John Wesley. There is, 
however, no evidence that it was the compo- 
sition of John os distinct from Charles, 
Wesley. In the absence of positive ovidenco 
either way the probabilities are in favouT of 
Charles, rather than his elder brother. It is 
also in C. XL in America. Orig. text in H. A. 
A M. and P. Works, 1868-72, vol. iii. p. 244. 

Author of life, 'with grateful heart. 

S. Pearee. [Morning.] Appeared at the end 
of his Memoirs, by Andrew Fuller, 1st ed., 

1800, pp. 286-7, and again in the 2nd ed., 

1801, in 5 st. of 4 L and entitled " An Even- 
ing Song." Tho hymn beginning with this 
stanza in Major's Book of Praise, is a cento 
from S. Poarce, thus composed : st. i., the 1st 
st. as above; st, ii.-v. are st iii.-vi. from 
Pearoe's Morning Hymn in the same Memoirs 
as above, thus making a morning hymn. The 
text in Major is altered from the originals. 

Author of our salvation, Thee, G. 

Wesley. [Holy Communion.'] 1st pnb, in 
Hys. on the Lord's Supper, 1745, No. 28, in 4 st. 
of 4 1., and based on the words, " As it is a 
sign and a means of Grace," being the first 
hymn on that division of the subject. It is 
not in nse in G. Brit. In the Hymnal of the 
Meth. Episco. Oh., N. Y„ 1878, No. 851, it is 
given in an unaltered form. Also in the P. 
Wvrhs, 1868-72, v,ol. iii. p. 236. 

Author of peace unknown. C. Wesley. 
[Friendship.] 1st pub. in his Hymns and 


Saered Poems, 1749, vol. ii.. No. 236, in 4 st. 
of G 1., and again in the P. Works, 1868-72, 
vol. v. pp. 426-7. It is one of several hymns 
composed by C. Wesley at the time of his 
marriage. In its original form it is not found 
in common use. In 1780, however, J. Wesley 
gave st, ii,, iii., and iv. in the Wes. H. Bk. No. 
498, as, "Centre of oar hopes Thou art," and 
from that collection it has passed into several 
hymnals, specially those ef the Methodist 

Ave Christ! Corpus verum, jinon. 
[Holy Communion.] The test of this hymn is 
given in Mone, No. 219, from a Eeichenau us, 
of the 14th cent., with the title "In eleva- 
tione sanguinis Christi," winch shows it to be 
a devotion at the elevation of the Chalice in 
the Mass. 

There are at least four hymns which com- 
mence with almost the same words, but must 
not be confounded. "Am Christi Corpus 
verum" ; "Ave verum Corpus natum" ; "Ave 
Christi Corpus carum " ; " Ave verum Corpus 
Christi," [W. A. SJ 

Translation in C. U. : — 

Hail, m«ih of Christ Divine. By K. F. 
Littledale, 1st pub. in the Altar Manttal, 18SH ; 
the Lyra Eucharistka the same year ; and the 
People's II, 1867, No, 176. 

Avel Colenda Trinitas. [Holy Trinity.] 
This hymn, of unknown authorship, is given 
in the Latin Hymns of the Anglo-Saxon Church, 
Lon,, 1851, p. 146, from a Durham us. of the 
11th cent. It is also in a us. of the 11th cent, 
in tho British Museum (Jut. A, vi. f. 71) ; aud 
in Biggs's Annotated H. A. and M., No, 132. 
It is tr. as : — 

All h*U, adored Trinity. By J. D. Chambers, 
in his Lauda Syon, pt. i., 1857, p. SIB, in 4 st. 
of 4 !., and from thence into H. A. and M^ 
18R1 ; the Hymnan/, 1872, Snepp*s S. of G. 
and &., 1872, and others, usually with slight 

Ave Jean! Ere we part. C. H. Bate- 
man. [Children's Evening Hymn.] Appeared 
in the Bible Class Magazine, 1849, in 2 st. of 
11 lines. In many collections, in oluding Steven- 
son's Hys. for Ch, & Home, 1873, c. 13, a short 
hymn of 4 st. of 4 1., " Blessed Jesus, ere we 
part," has been compiled with alterations from 
this text. 

Ave Jesu, Qui mactaris. Anon, 
[Good Friday.'] Text in tho Paradisus animae 
Cliristianae of J. M.Horst, sect. vi. "Devitaet 
passione Domini," end of chap, iv. fed. Cologne, 
1630, p. 418). It is a Hymn on tfte Seven 
Words uttered by Christ on the Cross, 

Translation in C. U. : — 

J*su, hail I Who, u Thou bleedest, By E. B, 
Pusey. Appeared in 1848 in vol. ii, of his tr. 
of the Paradise of tie Christian Soul, and from 
thence it passed into the Appendix to the 
Hymnal N., 2nd ed., 1864, Ko. 248. 

Aye Maria, WeBBed Maid, J, Ktbb. 
,[B. V. M,~] From bis Poem for "Tho Annun- 
ciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary," st 7-10, 


The original poem was written on tho death 
of his motlier, Juno 1, 1823. This fact 
supplies the key to the line of thought in tho 
opening stanza : — 

"Oh! Thou "Who delgn'st to sympathise 
With all our frail and fleshly lies, 

Mater, yet Brother dear. 
Forgive tils toe presumptuous thought, 
If, calming wayward gnef, I sought 
To ga» on Thee too near. " 

The poem as originally written was too 
personal for publication in the Christian Year, 
ana, in 182(5 (dated Mar. 9, 1826), the four 
concluding stanzas were omitted, and those 
beginning in that work, " Ave Maria, blessed 
Maid," to the end, were substituted, and the 
poem in this its new form was first published 
therein in 1827. The original was included 
with a special note in his Mite. Poem, 1869, 
pp. 230-33, and tho cento, as a hymn, in the 
Appendix to the Hymnal N., 2nd ed., 1864, 
the FeopWs B., 1867, No. 192, and others. 

Ave maris stella. Anon. [B. V. JIT] 
This hymn, so well known as to its words, is 
of uncertain authorship. It lias boon wrongly 
ascribed to St. Bernard, as it is found in a 
Bt, Gall MS., No. 95, of the 0th cent, and 
to Vonantius Fortunatus (by M. A. Luchi, 
1789), but on insufficient authority. The 
text is given in Daniel, i., No. 171, with 
various readings. (Other notes ore given in 
voL iiL p. 236, and vol iv. p. 136.) Mane 
gives five paraphrases of this hymn, Nos. 496- 
500 ; each line of the original being followed 
by versified explanations and simplifications, 
a certain testimony to the popularity of the 

It has been treated with so much respect as 
hardly to have been altered in the Soman 
Breviary, 1632, and was retained in the 
revised Breviaries of French dioceses (Paris, 
Lyons, &&), as one of the few exceptions of 
old hymns not supplanted. It is appointed for 
Vespers in the Little Oflice of the Blessed 
Virgin, Quotum parnum beatae Mariae, Paris, 
Lyons, Le Mans, so. ; some, as Paris, Le Mans, 
&c., having it also in the Saturday Office of 
ihe Blessed Virgin, OffieCum beatae Mariae in 
Babbalo, and in Feasts which have no special 
Or proper hymns. 

In the Soman Breviary it is the Hymn for 
1st and 2nd vespers in the Feasts of the 
Blessed Virgin Mary ; also in the Office of the 
B. V. M. on Saturdays, and in the Little 
Office, OJ/leium parvum- Beatae Mariae 
Virginis, at 1st vespers, there being no 2nd 
vespers in these two latter cases. 

The hymn is found in three iibs. of tho 11th 
cent, in the British Museum (Hari. 2961, f. 
241 ; Veep. D. xii. f. 63 ; Jul. A. vi. f. 56) ; 
and in the Latin Hyt. of the Anglo-Saxon 
Chu/reh, 1851, p. 76, it is printed from an 11th 
cent. mi. at Durham. It is also given in 
BStiler, JTifntjs/eM, Simrock, Wackernagel, i. 
No. 85, and various modern Roman Catholic 
collections. [W. A. 6.] 

Translations in C. U. t — 

1, Kail, thou Star of Ooean. By E. Caswall, 
1st pub. in his Lyra Cathot&a, 1849, p. 197, 
where it began "Gentle Star of Ocean;" and 
again, in an altered form, in his Hymns $ Poena, 
1873, p. 105, In 7 st. of 4 1. It is given in a 



large nnmber of Roman Catholic collections in 
G. Britain and America, often in an altered form, 
and sometimes beginning, " Hail, bright star of 

2. Hail, Sea Star, -we bless thee. This is by J. R. 
Bestfi in his Church Has. (R. Cath,), 1849. Its 
nse is not .extensive. 

3. Hail, thou resplendent Star. In A Set. of 
Cat/talk Hys., Glasgow, H, Margey, 1861, No. 41, 
the St. Patrick's Catholic H. Bk„ 1862, No. 60, 
and other collections this tr. is given without 
signature. It is based upon Caswall. 

Translations not In 0. V. ; — 
1. Hall, Ocean Star. R £&™nK,'18»3. 
1. The Star which o'er the aea. J. W. Btwett, issfl. 

3. Hail ] Star of Ocean, Mary. raomoert. It. 136*. 

4. Hail J Star of the sea, (fee. (Prose). Mie. Charles, 
1808. [J. J.] 

Ave, plena gratia, eujus. Anon. [The 
Purf^coh'on,] In the revised Pari* Missal 
of 1736, this hymn is given as tho Sequence 
for the Feast of the Purin cation. The text 
is in Card. Newman's Hymni Ecclesiae, 1838 
and 1865. 

Translations in C. U.:~ 

1. Ave, Xuy, full of graoe. By W. J. Cope, 
land. 1st pub. in his Hymns for the HM, &c, 
1348, p. Ill, in 10 st. of 3 1., and repeated in 
Rorison's Hymns atid Anthems, 1351, and later 
editions, in 5 st, of 6 1. 

1. Jesus, Bon of Maiy, bail, No. 73 in Murray's 
Hymnal, 1852, and some later collections, is 
Copeland'i tr. slightly altered. 

3- In HI* Kothar'a pun embrace. No. 346 in 
the Hymnary is the same tr. altered by the 
editors of that selection. 

4. Hail, thou Xother, full «f ffraee, in the Altar 
Hymnal, 1884, is also Copeland's tr. altered by 
C. R. 

Another tr. not inC.'U. ts, "Mary, ball to thee, wo 
stag;," In the Mmtkly racket, Feb., less, [J. J.] 

Ave regina coelorum. [B. V. iff.] One 
of tlie four Antiphons to the B. V. M. '(see 
"Alma Redemptoris mater"). Among the 
hss. in the Brititlt Museum it is found in the 
Bt Alhan's Book of the 12th cent. (mss. Beg. 
2 A. x. f. 02), and a Sarum Breviary of the 
14th cent. (hss. Beg. 2 A xiv. f. 235 b). It is 
also in the York Breviary, 1493 (1883 reprint, 
ii. 493); in the Boman Breviary, Modena, 
1480, f. 512, Ac. The text in Daniel, ii. 319, 
is from a Muuioh us. probably of the 13th 
cent., and other sources. [J. M.J 

Translation in C. U. : — 

Hall, Queen of Heaven enthroned I By £. Cas- 
wall, in his Lyra Gatkolka, 1849, p. 39, in 8 lines; 
and again in his Hys. $ Poems, 1873, p. 23. It 
is largely used in Roman Catholic collections for 
schools and missions. Another tr. is " Hail, thou 
mighty Queen of heaven," by J. R. Beste, in his 
Church Hymns, 1849, p. 66. " It is not in C. U. 

Ave verum corpus natum. Anon. 
[Holy Communion.] The text will be found 
in Daniel, ii. p. 327. Also as No. 213 in 
Monds Collection ; with the heading, In ele* 
uatione Corporis Ckri&ti, and the statement 
that a Reicheuau mb. of the 14th cent says 
" Pope Innocent composed the following salu- 
tation" (" Salutationem sequentem oomposuit 


Innoecntius Papa"), ond " this prayer lias three 
years of indulgences granted by Pope Leo" 
(" liaec oratio habet tres annoa indulgentiarum 
n dow. Papa Leone "). Levis, Atiecdota sacra, 
Turin. 17oi>, p. 107, gifes the text with the 
variation iftfo nobis praestauUor virtus in 
examine, instead of Eeto nobis praegustalum 
mortis in examine. It is in J. M. Horat's 
Paradisus Animae (cd. Cologne, 1644, p. 321), 
Sect. V,, "Do Sacram. Euchaiistiae," as a 
private devotion at the elevation of the Host 
In the Maes (" sub elevationo ''). It is also in 
Kehrein, No, 157. Boo Ave CkrUli Corpus 
verum, for a cognate liymu at tbo eluvatinn of 
the Chalice. [W. A. S.] 

Translations in C. U. :— 

t. Bail to Theo ! true Body sprang, By E. Cas- 
wall. 1st pub. in his Lyra Catholictt, 1849, p. 249, 
in 10 lines ; and again, slightly altered, in his 
Hymns $ Poems, 1873, p. 162. In the Roman 
Catholic hymnals the original tr. is generally 
osed. la the People's H., 1807, No, 177, we 
haro a cento from this t>: of Cits wall, that by 
J. I!. Bcste, and others. 

E. Hail, trot Body, born of Xuy, No. 214 in 
the Appendix to llyinnat A*., 1864, is by H. N. 
Oxenham, from his Sentetwe of Kaires and other* 
Poems, 1854 and 16G7, somewhat altered. 

3, Bad, true Body Incarnated, by W. J. Irons, 
is No. 67 of his Ps. $ Hys. for the Ch., 1873 ami 
1883. This rendering is specially adapted for 
Good Friday. 1st pub. in Dr. Irons'* Hymns, 
1866, No. 113. 

4. Hail, troe Body! Ooi of heavsn. By .1. I!. 
Beste, pub. wjth the Lntin text in his Ch. Hys. 
{Rom. Cath.) Lond. 1849. It may be added that 
inmost of the modem Roman Catholic collections 
the Latin text is also given, as in this case. 

Translation not in 0. IT. t — 
Hall, true Body, horn of Mary. E. B. Pasty, 184b. 

[J. J.] 

Aveling, Thomas William Baxter, 

p.p., b. Castletown, Isle of Man, May 11,1815, 
educated privately and at Highbury College 
for the Congregational Ministry, and ordained 
to the pastorate of Kingeland in 1838, d. at 
Keedham, July 3, 1884. In 1875 lie received 
tho degree of !>.». from tho Howard University, 
United States. His published works include 
The Irish Scholar, a Narrative, 1841 ; l?aa- 
man, or Life's Shadows and Sunshine, 1853; 
Fofces of Many Waters, <fo., 1855; The Service 
of the Sanctuary, die, 1859, &c, including con- 
tributions to periodicals, Dr. Aveling was 
sometime editor of Tlie Jeuvih Herald. In 
1834 ho published a small volume of poems 
and hymns. Those of his bymns which have 
come into C. U. were mostly written from 
year to year to he sung when he preached his 
New Year's Sermon to tbo young. Some of 
them came to the public through Iho Maga- 
zines. We arc not aware that they have been 
collected. Tbe best known are : — " On ! to- 
wards Zron, on I" "Hail I Thou God of 
grace and glory," and " Lord of tho lofty and 
the low." [J. J,] 

Awake, again the Gospel trump Is 
blown. J. Keble. [Advent] Written on 


Dec. 2G, 1823, and first pub. in his Christian 
Year, 1827, in 13 st. of 6 1. for Advent Snu- 
day, with the text from the Epistle of that 
day, "Now it is high time to awake ont of 
sleep, for now is our salvation nearer than 
when wo beliovid." It* uro as a hyinn for 
public worship is very limited. In Kennedy, 
ItiG3, No. It), at- i., v.. iii. and iiii., are given 
with the change in st. v., 1. 1, of *' E'en so," 
to " Behold the world." 

Awake, and sing tbe song. W. Batn- 

mond. [Praise.] This hvtnn appeared with 
the heading, " Before Singing of Hymns, by 
Way of Introduction," in his Psalms, Hymns, 
ana Spiritual Songs, 1745 (Lond, W. Stialiau), 
pp. 84-86, in 14 st. of 4 1. In its complete 
form it is unknown to the hymnals, Cent* 
therefrom are, however, in use in all English- 
speaking countries. The growth of these 
centos is somewhat complicated, and con ha 
best set forth ia detail thus : — 

1, The first use of the hymn in an Abbreviated 
form was by G. Whiterield. In his QAI. of Hys. 
for Social Worship, 1753, he included as No, 47, 
st. i., ii., iiii., and xiv., with alterations which 
we give with the original readings in brackets : 

" PlUISIKC ClIlllBr, 

1. " Awake and sing tbe Song 

Or Moses and the Lamb ; 
fTuue] TTaJfce ev'ry heart and ev*ry tongue 
To praise the Saviours Kume^ 

2. N Sing of His dying love, 

Slug of, His rising pow'r ; 
SEilbj how He intercedes above 
1 or [aftj those whose sins He bore. 

3. " Sing 'till [yonj aw feel &our] our hearts 

Ascending with [your] our tongues, 
Sing 'till the love or sin departs, 
And grnee inspires [yonr] ear Sangs, 

i . " Sins 'till [yon] we hear Christ Any, 
' Your eins are allfuiglv'n'; 
[Go] Sing ou rejoicing [all the way] eo'ry day, 
[And sing yoar souls to hcnv'n.J 
'Till via all meet in. Aeae'tt." 

S. The second form given to this cento was by 
M, Madan in his Colt, of Ps. $ Hys., &c, 1760, 
No. 35. In this ws have st. i. and iii., as above, 
in Whitoncld, and St. iv. expanded into two 
stanzas thus : — 

4. " Sing on your hcav'nly wny. 
Ye nmeom'd sinners, sing, 
Sing on. rejoicing, ev'ry day 
In Ctulst, Ui' eternal King, 
fi. " Soon shall ye hear him say. 
1 Ye blessed children, como ' j 
6oon will lie call ye hence away, 
And take His wond'rers homo." 

This cento was repeated by Dr. Conyers in his 
Coll. ofPs. $ Hys., 1774, by De Courcy, in his 
Coll., 1775, and thence through numerous hym- 
nals into Mercer's and Thring*s Colts., Lord Sel- 
bome's Bk. of Prviss, and others in the Ch. of 
England ; and through Lady Huntingdon's Co!l., 
1764, into a limited number of Nonconformists' 
hymn-books, tn many of these reprints the ye 
of st. v., 1. 3, is changed to you. Amongst 
modern American collections in which this cento 
is given in full are : — Dutch Eef. Hys. of the Ch. 
N. Y., 1808; Bap. Praise Bk., N. Y. & Chicago, 
1871 ; Hatfield's Ch. H. Bk., 1872, and the Ch. 
Praise Bk., 1882 ; and, with the omission of st. 
iii,, in the Episc Hys. for Ch. $■ Home, Phil., 
1800; Presb. Ps, $ Hys. Kichmond, 1867; Ch, 


Pastorals, Boston, 1884 ; iV««i. Hymnal, Phil., 
1874; sol the new .Ppise, Hymnal, 1871. The 
signature to this cento is " W. iTanunOTtd!, 1745 ; 
6. Whiteficld, 1753 ; and M. Madan, 1760." 

1. The third cento Appeared in Toplady's Ps. 
^.ffjW., 1776, No. 118, in 6 st., the first tire being 
Mtidun's text as above, with m for ye, in st. t. 
L 3, an! the addition of the following : — 

" There shall our npturM tongue 
His endless praise proclaim ; 
And stag, In sweetest notes, the scaur 
Of Hoses sod the Lamb." 

This stanza is from Watts's H. $ S. Song), 
1709, Bk. i., No. 4S, st. vi. :— 

" tten witt out loot and ** be fvit. 
And/eel a warmer ^dms ,* 
And tweeter voices time Me Sana 
qf Motes and tie £<wto." 

This cento is the most widely adopted of any, 
both in Q, Brit, and America. It is found in full 
in Snepp's S. of G. $ Q., the Mtth. F. Ch. S. S. 
H. Bk. and others; and with the omission of 
st. iii., "Sing till we feel our hearts, ire.," in 
the Hy. Camp., the Bap, Hymnal, 4c The col- 
lections are far too many to name, and any book 
can be testedby thetextas above. TheAmerican 
modern hymn-books which adopt it in full in- 
clude Hys. fr Hongs of Praise, N. Y., 1874, and 
the Evany. Hymnal, 1880, in full, with a slight 
alteration in st vi. ; Songs of Zion(A. R, T.Soc), 
1864; Sabbath S. Bk., N. Y. 1868; Bap. Eer. 
of Bong, Boston, 1871, &c; and with omission 
of st. iii., in Bap. Hy. # Tune Bk., Phil., 1871 ; 
Manual of Praise, Obeilia, 0., 1880 ; Etang, Hys. 
Cleveland, 0., 1882 ; and in Canada, the Prttb. 
H. Bk., Toronto, 1880. Its ascription is " W. 
Hammond, 1745 ; G. Whitefeld, 1753 ; M. Madan, 
1760; A.M. Toplady {with Watts), 1776." 

f, The fourth form appeared in Hall's Mitre 
H. Bk., 1836, No. 138, As a cento it has failed 
to gain a position ; but one stanza, No. ir. of 
cento 2, above rewritten, is retained in cento 5, 
below. It reads in Hall : — 

" rt pSbrint on the raid 
lb .Won'* city, sing ; 
Kgoieing in the Lamb of tf«I,— 
in Christ, wtr Kartnfy King." 

B, In the American New School Presb. Church 
Psalmist, 1843, the arrangement of No. 3 above 
waa given with the omission of st. iii., and the 
substitution of Halfs "Ye pilgrims," &c, with 
" Rejoice, ye," for " Hejoicing," for rt. iv. This 
text is second in popularity only to cento 3. It 
is given sometimes in 5 st. and again in G, and is 
included, amongst other hymn-books, in the Bap. 
Pa. # Hys,, 1858; New Cong. 1859; Windle; 
Hys. for tke Ch. Catholic, 1882 ; iate editions of 
Rippon's Sel., and others in G. Brit. : and in 
America, in the Mtth. Epise. II. Bk., 1849 ; 
Songs for the Sanely., N. Y„ 1865, &c. The 
ascription to this is, " W, Hnjnmond, 1745; 
0. Whitefeld, 1753; M. Madan, 1760; A. M. 
Toplady [mtkWattt], 1776 ; Hall's Mitre, 1836." 

8. In the Parts! H. Bk., 1863-1875, No. 105, 
we have st. i., ii., iv., v., vi., from Toplady, 
slightly altered, together with the addition of a 
doiology. This is " IV. Hammond, 1745 ; G. 
Wkitejield, 1753 ; M. Madan, 1760 ; A. M. Top- 
lady, [with Watts}, 1776; Parish H. Bk., 1863," 

7, The last arrangement we have to notice is 



No. 335 of Church Hys., W71. This la Toplady') 
text, st. i., ii., iv., v., vi., with alterations in the 

" Awake and sing the song 
Qf ptery totbeLanibr 

which we meet for the first time, and st, v. : — ■ 

" And sweeter voices swell the song 
qf alary to the Lamb," 

of which the first line is fRitfs'* (as above, No. 3) 
with swell for tune, and the second a fresh depar- 
ture. It may be noted that this return to Watts 
was made byCotterill in his Set., 1810. Thesig- 
natura to this cento is; " W. Hammond, 1745; 
8. Whitefield, 1753; M. Madan, 1760; A.M. 
Toplady [with Watts}, 1776; Ch. Hymns, 1871," 
In Bingham's Hymno. Christ. Lat^ 1871, there 
is a reudering into Latin of cento 5 in 5 st. slightly 
altered again, as : — " Jam cantilenam gratn- 
lantes tollite." 

Beyond what wo have liere sot forth in 
somewhat wearisome detail, other minute 
changes are to be found in collections of less 
importance than those noticed. These may 
be tested by the quotations given above, and 
a reference to the original test in Lyra Brit. 
1867, pp. 263-5. [J. J.] 

Awoke, awake, my sluggieh soul 
0. Beginbothmn. [lfo(cft/»tnew.J 1st pub. 
in Lia Hymns, Sec, 17&4, in 6 st. of 4 I., and 
based upon St. Luke xii. 3B-39. In 1812 it 
was transferred to Collyer*s Coll., No, 653, 
unaltered, and thus etime C. U. In some 
American collections, st. v. and vi, are omitted , 
In America it is also given as" Awake, awake, 
each drowsy soul," &b in the Bapt. Praise Bk., 
1871, No. 558. In the Bap. Cli. Praise Bk., 
N. Y., 1873, we have at. i., iii,, mid ir., and 
in Ch. Pastorals, Boston, 18C1, st. i., iii., v, 
and vi. 

Awake, awake, O Zion. B. Gough. 
[Second Advent} Appeared in his Lyra Sah- 
batiea, &o., 1865, p. 151, in 6 st. of 8 I., and 
entitled, " The coming Millennium," with the 
quotation of Isa. Iii. 1. From that work it 
passed into the People's H., 1867 ; AUon'sSuppl. 
Hymn*, 1868, in 5 st., and in otiier collections 
both in G. Britain and America. It is also 
included as tho opening hymn of Gough's 
If. of Prayer and Fraisc, 1875. 

Awake, awake the savored song. 

Anne Steele. [Christmas.} 1st pub. in her 
Poems on Subject* chiefly Devotional, &c, 1760, 
vol. L p. 85, in 6 st. of 4 1., and headed " The 
Incarnate Saviour." It was also included in 
the 1780 ed. of the Poems, and in D.Sedgwick's 
reprint of her Hymns, 1859. It came into C. V. 
by being adopted by Ash and Evans in their 
Bristol Cofl., 1769, No. 88, from whence it 
passed into a few hymnals. It is still in nan 
in America, and is given in Hatfield's Ch. H. 
Bk„ 1872, the Bap. Praise Bk., 1871, and 
Songs for (he Sanctuary, 1865, the first omit- 
ting st vi. and the remaining two at. ir. 

Awake, glad soul, awake, awake. 

J. S. B. MoneeU. [A'aster] According to the 
Preface to his Spiritual Songs, this was one of 
his hymns " written amid the orange and olive 


groves of Italy, during a winter spent (fur the 
sake of health) upon tbe shores of the Medi- 
terranean Sea." It was pub. in his Hymns of 
Love and Praiaei 1863, p. 90, in 5 si, and 
in his Spiritual Songs, 1875, in 8 st of 8 1., the 
new stanzas being ii., iii. and iv. Three ceutos 
therefrom are in C. U. (1) in the Hy. Comp., 
No. 178, consisting of st. i., vi., vii. and viii. 
(2) iu the Scottish Evang. U. Hymnal, No, 40, 
or st. i., v., vii. and viii. (8) in the Amor. 
College Bymnal, N. T„ 1876, No. 145, begin- 
ning, " The shade and gloom of life are fled." 
This is composed of st. vi. and viii. unaltered. 
Full text in Schnff s Christ in Sang, 1869-70. 

Awake, Jerusalem, awake. C. Wesley. 
[Exhortation.] A paraphrase of Isaiah lii., 
which appeared in the Wesley Psalms and 
Hymn), 1741, in 28 st of 4 1., c. M., divided 
into three parts. Two centos from this are in 
0. U. in America. (1) The Amor. JBcffl. 
Epite. Coll., N. Y., 1849, composed of st. i., Iii. 
and iv. of Pt. L, and st. ii. of Pt. iii. (2) H. 
Bis. of (he Evang. Assoc,, Cleveland, O., 1882 ; 
the same stanzas with tho addition of st. iv., 
Pt. iii. The potm as given in Ihe P. Work* 
of J. and C. Wesley, 1868-72, vol. ii. pp. 168- 
173; has 4 st. in l. w. added to Pt. ii. These 
stanzas were first published in tho 1st series 
of Hymns on GooVs Everlaetiiwj Love, 1741. 
Being a part of the some chapter in Isaiah 
they were omitted from the reprint of the 
Hymns, &&, and incorporated with this poem, 
in tho P. Wotht, vol, ii„ 1860. 

Awake, my heart, arise my tongue. 

I.WatU. [Spiritual Clo&iing.] 1st pub. in his 
Hymnt and 8. Songs, 1707 (1709, Bk. i.,No. 20), 
in 6 at. of 4 1., and again iu Liter editions. It 
is baaed on Is. lxi. 10. It came into C U. at 
an early date, and is still found in many col- 
lections in G. Brit, and America, 

Awake, my love, awake, my joy. 

J. Mason. [Morning.'] This is a cento adapted 
from Mason's Songs of Praise for Morning and 
Evening, and consists of St. i. from the Evening 
and ii.-iv. from Ihe Morning Hymn. It was 
included in the Rev. T. Darling's Hymns for 
the Ch. of England, new ed„ 1874, No. 198. 
The original text appeared in Mason's Songs 
of Praise, 1683, ana in Sedgwick's reprint, 
1850, pp. 10-18. 

Awake, my soul, awake, my tongue. 

Anne Steele. [Ps. cm.] This version of 
Pa. ciii. extends to 16 st, of 4 1, It Appeared 
in her Poems, Sets,, 1760, vol. ii. p. 206, and 
new odl, 1780. Tho cento given in Martiueau's 
Hymns, &c„ 1840 and 1873 ; tho Amer. Bap. 
Service of Song, Boston, 1872, and others, is 
composed of et. i, ii., xi. and xvi. slightly 
altered. Orig, text in Sedgwick's reprint of 
Miss Steele's Hymns, 1863, 

Awake, my soul. In [to] joyful lays. 
8. Medley. [Love of God.] Appeared in 
J. H. Meyer's Colt, of Hymns for Lady Hunt- 
ingdon's Chapel, Cumberland Street, Shore- 
ditch, 1782, and again in Medley's Hymns, 
Bristol and Bradford, 1785, in 8 st. of 4 I. Iu 
1787 it was included, with the omission of 
one stanza in Rippon's Bapt, Ssl., 1787, No. 13, 


and again by the author in his Hymnt, Ac., 
1800, with the addition of st. 4,and the trans- 
posing of st v. and vL The versions in common 
nse are that of Mippon. 1787, in 7 st, and a 
selection therefrom, in 5 st. It is also in use 
in America. Orig. text in Lyra Brit., 1867. 

Awake, my aouL lift up thine eyes. 

Anna L. Barbavld. [Watchfulness.'] Con- 
tributed to Dr. Enfield's Hymns, 4c., Warring- 
ton, 1772, No, 126, in 6 st. of 4 I., and headed 
" The Conflict" In the following year it wus 
repeated in her Poems, Lon., 1773, and again 
in her Works, &c, 1825, vol. i. p. 330. Its 
use has been and still is fairly extensive both 
in G. Brit, and America. Orig. text in Lyra 
Brit., 1867, p. 34, and Lord Selborne's Bk. of 
Praise, 1862, p. 485. In tho latter the date, 
1773, is given in error. 

Awake, my soul, stretch every 
nerve. P. Doddridge. [Confirmation.'} This 
hymn is not given in tbe "d.mbs." It was 1st 
pub. by J. Orton in his ed. of Doddridge's 
Hymns, 4c, 1755, No. 296, in 5 at. of 4 1., and 
entitled "Pressing on in the Christian Race." 
It was repeated in all subsequent editions of the 
Hymns, and also in Doddridge's Scripture 
Hymtu, edited by J. Doddridge Humphrey?, 
1839. One of the earliest collections in which 
it is found is Ash und Evans's Bristol Coil., 
1769, No. 281, with the omission of st, lr. 
" That prize," &c. From that date it came 
into general use, sometimes in 4 st., and again 
In 5 st until it became widely known both in 
Great Brit, and America. Iu modern collec- 
tions it is held iu greater favour by those of 
tho Ch. of England than those of Nonconform- 
ists. Full orig. text in the New Cong., No. 
617, and tbe 4 st. form unaltered, in Hy. 
Comp., No. 452. In the latter collection the 
editor suggests thiit in Confirmation it be sung 
after the benedictory prayer, " Defend, U 
Lord, this Thy servant," So. This 4 st. ar- 
rangement has been rendered into Latin : — 
" Sursnm, mens meal Strenue," by the Rev. 
R. Bingham, and given in his Hymno. Christ. 
Lai., 1871, pp. 101-103. A slightly altered 
form of tho hymn, as ** Awake, out soult, awake 
from sloth," is given in a few hymnals, includ- 
ing Walker's Cheltenham Coll., 1855 and 1881. 

[J. J.] 

Awake, my soul, to grateful praise. 
[Morning.l This hymn was given in J, H. 
Gurney's Lutterworth Coll., 1838, No, 15, in 
5 st. of 4 1., as by " Gardiner." It was re- 
pented with the same ascription in the Mary- 
lebone Ps. & Hys., 1851 , and, without name or 
date, in Kennedy, 1863. 

Awake, my soul, to meet the day, 

P. Doddridge. [Morning.] This hymn is in 
the "n. Mas." but undated. In 1755, it was 
pub. by J. Orton in Doddridge's Hymnt, &c, 
Ho. 362, in 7 st. of 4 1. without alteration, ihe 
title being, " A morning hymn, to bo used at 
awaking and rising." It was republished in 
J. D. Humphreys's ed. of the Hymns, 1839, 
No. 389, It is not in C. U. in Q. Britain. In 
the American Hymnal of the Meth. Episeo. Ch., 
187S, st. i., ii., vi., viL, are given, somewhat 
altered, as No, 96. 


Awoke, my zeal, awake, my lore. 
T. Watts. [Personal tall to duty.} This may 
bo called a metricalpftTanhraBe of his sermon 
on i. Cor. iii. 22, "Whether Life or Death- 
All are yours." It was appended with other 
hymns, to his Sermon*, 1721-4, in 6 at. of 8 ]., 
and is repeated in later editions. Its use is 
limited. la Hall's Mitre, 1836, it was given 
as " Awoke our Beal, awake ottr lore," in 4 
st This also has almost passed oat of nee. 

Awake, our drowsy souls. Eliaibeih 
Beott. . [Sunday.] 1st jpnb. in the Baptist 
CWt. of Ash and Evans, Bristol, 1769, No. 307, 
in 5 st of 6 1., and appointed as ** A hymn for 
Lord's Day Morning.' From that collection 
it passed into several later hymnals, including 
Bippon, DobeH, and others; but it is almost 
entirely unknown to modern hj-mn-boakii ex- 
cept in AmericaJ i having been superseded by 
"Awake, ye saints, awake, And hail," &c, a 
recast of the same in 4 st (at iii. being the 
original with " and "tar" while," 1. 3) mude 
by T. Cotterill, and given in the 1st ed. of 
his Selection, 1810. This form of tlie hymn 
is in somewhat extensive use both in Great 
Britain and America, and is usually ascribed 
correctly to " Elissabeth Beott and Thomas 
Oolterill." In many of the modern American 
hymnals, st. iv. is omitted ; but the English 
generally give the text from Cotterill as in 
Bant Pi. and Hys., 1858, in this case the 
only alteration is "blest" for " bless'd" in Bt. 
i., 1. 5. Another form of the hymn is : — 
"Servants of God, awake." It consists of 
st. i.-iii. of Cotterill's recast, slightly altered. 
It appeared in the Harrow School B. Bk., 
1855, and from thence passed into Church 
Hyt., 1871, No. 39. In tho H. Bk. of the 
&ang. Alton., Cleveland, Ohio, 1881, No. 604, 
sti.,ii.are given as"Children of God, awoke"; 
and in the Marlborough College Bys., 1869, 
st L-iii. as "Come, sous of Goo, awake." 

[W. T. B.] 

Awake, our Bonis, and bless Bis 
name. P. Doddridge. [Christ the Door.'] 
This hymn is not in the " I), wss.," and was 
1st pub. by J. Orton in his cd. of Doddridge's 
Hymns, Ac, 1755, in 4 st. of 41. It is based 
on 6t John x. 9. It is repeated in later 
editions of the Hymns, and iu J. D. Hum- 
phreys's ed. of the some, 1839, In Kennedy, 
1863, No. 201, it is given as " Awake, my soul, 
and bless His name." 

Awake our souls, away our fears. 

I, Watt). [The Christian Race.] 1st pub. in 
his Hymns and 8. Songs, 1707, Bk. i„ No. 48, 
in 5 st of 4 1., and beaded "The Christian 
Baoe " It has been repeated in later editions 
of the Hymns, and may be found in all edi- 
tions of Watts's Works. Its use in the original, 
and as altered, is as follows : — 

1. The original waft included in various hymn-books 
at an early date, and is now In extensive use la all 
English-speaking countries. 

J. The original— with the single change of " Thy 
matchless " for " Whose matchless power. In st. ill. 
line 1— Is interesting, from thefact that It was introduced 
by *T, Watey In his Pt. A Hyt., pub. at Charlestown, 
South Carolina, In If 38-T, and from thence has passed into 
nearty all the Methodist hymn-books throughout the 
world, In addition to many In the Ch. of England. In 
the latter case the descent Ms been through M. Hadan's 
Pi. * Hfi. If SO. 



3. ITio readings In Windle's Jtet. Falter, and one or 
two others which have copied from him. are partly (st. 11. 
1L 3-1) from Rowland Hill's rt. £ flyj, Ind ed., list, 

nd partly <st. ill., iv.1 by Mr. Wlndle. 
t. In Hall's . ' — "- ■ 

JfUre, lsss, the hymn is given as 
Awake, my tool, dUwtn fay fears," At one time 
this text was widely used* but la now almost unknown. 

Other readings exist in minor collections, 
and may be corrected by collating with tho 
orig. text as above. 

Awake, sweet gratitude, and sing, 

A. M. Toplady. [ChrisCs Jntereestion.] In 
the Gospel Magazine, 1771, this hymn is given 
in 10 st of C 1. From the G. Magazine it passed 
at an early date into various collections, but 
in an abbreviated form. These included Rip- 
pon's SeL, 1787, to which possibly, more than 
to any other hymnal, modern collections are 
indebted for their text both in G. Brit, and 
America. The full orig. text was included in 
Sedgwick's reprint of Toplady's Hymns, I860, 
p. 150. It is curious to note that this hymn 
was omitted fiom Toplady's Pi. and Byt., 
1776, and from an ed. of his Bymnt, pub. 
in 1856, 

Awake, sweet harp of Judah, wake. 

B. K. White. [Heaven!] In Southey's cd. of 
H. K. White's Remains, 1807, this hymn is 
given in 7 of 4 L, with the title " In heaven 
we shall be purified, so as to be able to endure 
tho splendours of the Deity," and accompanied 
with the following note : — 

The last stanza of this hymn was added extempora- 
neously by Henry one summer evening, when be was 
with a few friends on the Trent, and singing it as he 
was used to do on such occasions." 

In the few modern collections in which this 
hyinn is found it is given iu an abbreviated 
form. The orig. text is in Lyra Brit., 1867, 
p. 628. [\V. T. B.] 

Awake, ye saints, and raise [lift] 
your eyes. P. Doddridge. {Exhortation.] 
This hymn is not in the " d. mm.," and was 
1st pub. by J. Orton in his ed. of Doddridge's 
Hymns, &a., 1755, No. 264, in 4 st of 4 1., and 
entitled " The near Approach of Salvation, an 
Engngement to Diligence and Lnve. Rom. 
xiii. 11." It was also repeated in J. D. 
Humphreys's ed. of the same, 1839. It 
came into C. IT. at an early date, and is still 
found in a few important collections in G. 
Brit and America. In B. Conyera's Pi. and 
Bys., 1774, it was altered to " Awake, ye 
saints, and lift your eyes;" but Ihis lias 
died out of use. Orig. test in Lyra Brit., 
1867, p. 191, and Lord Selborne's Bk. of 
Praise, 1862, p. 296. 

Awake, ye saints, to praise your 
King. I. Waits. [Ps. ctkkto.j His c. a. 
version of Ps. exxxv., in 8 st. of 4 L, 1st pub. 
in his Pt. of David, &c, 1719. In a note 
thereto ho says, " In the 5th stanza I have 
borrowed averse from Jer. xiv. '22, " Are there 
any among the vanitUi of the Gtniile) tJiat can 
cause rain.'' This st. begins " Which of tho 
stocks and stones they trust" As a whole 
the paraphrase is not iu general use. A cento 
beginning "Great is the Lord, and works 
unknown," is given in N. Conq., No. 225. It 
is composed of st. ii.-v. and viii. 


Away, dark thoughts, awake, my 
joy. J. Mason. [Christmas.] This is Mason's 
" Song of Praise tor the Birth of Christ," and 
appeared in his Songs of Praise, 1683, in 4 at. 
of 8 L, and is later editions including Sedg- 
wick's reprint, 1839. Its use u a congrega- 
tional hymn is limited. It is quaint, and on 
the whole unsulted to modern taste. 

Away from every mortal care. J. 
Watts. [PtiWie Worship.] 1st pub. in bis 
Hymns and 8. Songs, 1709, Bk. li., No. 123, 
in 6 st. of 4 L, and entitled, " The benefit of 
Public Ordinances." It has been republished 
inall later editions of the Hymra, Ac, and in 
Watts'* Works. G. Whitefield included at. i, 
ii., iii., and vi, In his Coll., 1753. This 
arrangement is often repeated in modern 
hymnals. In Hatfield's Amer. Church H. Bk., 
1872, No. 122, the fall text is given with 
brings, for " tears down," in st. iii., 1. 3. 

Away, my needless fears. C. Tt why. 
[Submission."] In Hymn* and Sacred Foems, 
1749, 55 hymns were given oa " For Christian 
Friends," of which this was No. 35, in 10 st. 
of 8 1. From this two centos have come into 
C. U. as follows;— 

1. Id the Supp. to the Wis. IT. Bk. 1S30, st, i„vii.,«nd 
tx. were given iu * st. of 4 1., No. Sis, Tills cento Is 
also found in various collections of the Methodist 
bodies, sad la the revised ed. of the tret. B. Bk. 1875, 
Ko. 813. 

1. In A. X. To&aib/i Pi. A Hys. im,No. !&, and 
Inter editions, et. I, -v. and Ix. were given with slight 
alteration?, hut this cento has almost entirely gone out 
of use. Orig. text in P. llorfci, lsSS-JJ, vol. v. p. 44 a. 

Away, my unbelieving fear. C. Wet- 
ley. [Confidence.] Hab. iii., 17, 18, 19, is the 
subject of this hymn. It appeared in Hymns 
and Sacred Poems, 1742, in 4 St. of 8 1., ami 
again in the P. Works, 1868-72, vol. ii. p. 11)8. 
It did not form part of the Wes. H Bit. until 
the revised ed. 1875, although, through having 
boon given in M. Madan's Ft. £ Hys., 1760, it 
had been in C. U. in the Ch. of England aud 
amongst Nonconformists for more than one 
hundred years. Its modem use is limited. 

Away, thou dying saint, away. 
T. KeUy. [Death.] 1st pub. in the !lrd ed. 
of his Hymns, 1809, No. 134, in 5 st. of 4 1., 
nnd repeated in all subsequent editions. It 
is bastMl on Eccles. iii. 7, "And the Spirit 
shall return to God who gave it." Orig. text 
in E. T. Prust's Supp. H. BL, 18C9, No. 241, 

Away with death, away. H. K. 
White. [Death.] This poem, entitled "Atha- 
natos," was given by Soutliey iu his ed. 
of II. K. White's Remains, 1807, and repeated 
in later editions, as also in the numerous re- 
prints of H. K. White's Poems. It is unknown 
as a hymn, but 20 lineB therefrom slightly 
altered and beginning, "Hail the heavenly 
scenes of peace," are in Mortineau's Hymns, 
4c„ 1840 and 1873. 

Away with our fears, Our troubles 
and tears. C. Wesley. [Whitsuntide.] This 
is No. 32 of his " Hymns for Whitsunday," 
which were pub. at Bristol in 1746 as Hymns 
of Petition and Thanksgiving for the Promise 


of the Father. It is in 3 st. of 8 1. In 1776 
four stanzas, somewhat altered, were given in 
A. H. Toplsdy's Pt, & Hys., No. 236, and thus 
came into G. U, It did not form a part of ihe 
Wei. H. Bk. until the revised ed. of 1875. 
Orig. text in P. Works, 1808-72, vol. iv. p, 203. 

Away with my [our] fears! The 
glad morning appears. C. Wesley, 
[Thanksgiving.] Tliis hymn-was written for 
use on the celebration of a Birthday, and in 
many respects it is eminently suited thereto. 
It was 1st pub. in Hymns and Sacred Poems, 
1749, vol. ii., No. 190, in 14 st. of 6 1., and 
entitled "On his Birthdav." Under the date 
"June 17, 1788," J. Wesley refers to this 
hymn in the following manner ; — 

"Ithisd&y enter on my eighty.flftb year; and what 
cause have 1 to praise God, as for a thousand spiritual 
blessings, eo for bodily blessings also 1 How little Save I 
suffered yet fcy the rush of numerous years ! . . . Even 
now, though I find dally pain In my eye. or temple, or 
arm, yet it is never violent, and seldom lasts many 
minutes at a time. Whether or not tbts la sent to give 
me warning that 1 am shortly to quit thla tabernacle, I 
do not know ; but be it one way or the other, I have 
only to say:—. 

* My remnant of days I spend in Els praise, 

Who died the whole world to redeem : 
My days are His due, Be they nuvny or few, 
And they ail are devoted to Him.'" 

When included in the Wes.. H. Bk., 1780, 
No. 221, st. it. and xi. were omitted. This 
form is repeated in the now ed., 1875, and also 
in numerous hymnals of the Methodist bodies 
at home and abroad. Orig. text in P. Works, 
1868-72, vol. v. p. 400. [J. J.] 

Away with our sorrow and fear. 

C. Wesley. [Burial.] No. viii. of his 
Funeral Hymns, 1746, in 5 st. of 8 !., and 
ugaiu-in the Wes. H. Bk., 1780, No. 71, and 
ed. 1875, No. 73. It is found in the hymnals 
of the various branches of the Methodist body 
in most English-speaking countries, and some- 
times in otiU'r collections. In the Cooke & 
Denton Hymnal, 1853, No. 324, the first line 
reads, "Away with all sorrow and fear." 
Orig. text in P.Works, 1808 -72, vol. vi. p. 197. 
The hymn, with the some first stanza, in A. M. Top- 
lady's J*t. <fc Kyi., ltflt. No. fla, and later, editions, 
together with others which have copied tiwreftom, ts a 
cento, of which the let et. is st, i, of this iiymn ; st. lit. 
from Wesley's " Give glory to Jesus, out llesid " \R~yt. 
* 8. Poem, 1149) ; and ii., iv., and v. from Xo. vtl, of 
the above Funtral llyi. It U very kittle used. If at all, 
at the present time. 

Awhile in spirit, Lord, to Thee. 
/. F. Thrapp. [Lent] One of the beat 
known and most popular of Mr. Thrupp's 
hymns. It was written for and let pub. in 
his Ps. & By*, for Pub. Worship, 1853, No. 
64, in 4 st. of 4 1. In 18G1 the Rev. F. Pott 
included it in his Has., &c, Nji 72, with st 
iii. and iv. transposed, some minor alterations, 
and a doxology from the Latin. This form 
was repeated in Ch. Hyt., 1871, No. 103. 
Orig. text in Turing's CM., 1882, No, 154, 
with b(. i., 1. 2, "Into the desert would we 
flee," for " Would we unto the desert flee," an 
alteration from the Bev. P. Pott as above. 
The text of Hys. & Songs of Praise: N. Y., 
1874, is that of tho Bev. F. Pott with a 
slight alteration, and tho omission of the 


Aylward, James Ambrose, b. in 1813, 
at Leeds, and educated at Hinckley, the Domi- 
nican Priory of 8i Peter, to which a secular 
college was attached. Particulars touching 
the stages of his monastic life may be found 
in the Obituary Notices of the Friar-Preachers, 
or Dominicans, of the English Province from 
tht year of our Lord 1650. He was ordained 
in 1836, and assisted In tue school, taking the 
higher classical studies, in 1842. He became 
head of the school, and oontinued so till it 
■was discontinued in 1S52. At Woodchester 
he was made successively Lector of Philosophy 
and Theology and Prior. He died at Hinckley, 
and was buried in the cloister-yard of Wood- 
cheater. His sacred poems have become his 
urmeip&l monument, and of these he contri- 
buted very many to the first three volumes of 
the CaOiolio Weekly Instructor, and other peri- 
odicals. His essay on the Mystical Element 
in Religion, aud on Ancient and Modem Spirit- 
ism, was not pub. till 1874, Referring to him, 
and to his ms. It. of Latin hymns, a large 
number of which are incorporated by Mr. 0. 
Shipley in Annus Sanctus, 1884, Mr. Ship- 
ley says : ■' The second collection of mss. came 
from the pen of tEe late Very Rev. Fatlier 
Aylward, of the Order of Preachers, a cul- 
tured and talentod priest of varied powers 
and gifts, whose memory is held dear by 
all who knew and were influenced by him. 
He went to his reward in the year 1872, after 
nearly forty years' profession as a Dominican, 
and was buried in the picturesque cloistral- 
cemetery of Woodohester, of which model and 
peaceful religions house he was the first Prior." 

[J. C. B.] 

Ayree, H. C., b, ahont 1849, a member of 
the Baptist denomination, and a resident in 
Philadelphia, is the author of: — 

1. Onethami* who loves the*. [ Love of C/irist.'] 
A popular hymn and welt known in G. Brit, 
through I. D. Sankey's Sacred 8. fy Sutos, enlarged 
ed., Ho. 310. It was written daring the Cen- 
tennial Exhibition in Philadelphia, the theme 
having been auggested by the eipreaston, "One 
there ie Who loves and waits to bleu," used by 
Mr. W. H. Doane (q. v.) in prayer at a meeting 
of friends at which Mr. Ayrea was present. The 
MS. was presented to Mr. Doane a day or two 
afterwards. It was set to music by Air. Doane, 
and pub. forthwith. The orig. text and music 
are in Mt. Sankey's 8. $r Soioa as above, Mr. 
Ayros ia also tie author of; — 

l. Ho other Vum». [TAe Same of Jous."] 
Thia hymn is unknown to the English collec- 
tions, [J. J,] 




B., in Ash and Evans's Bapt. OoU,, Bristol, 
1st ed , 1769, ie. Simon Browne. 

B. in Nettleton's Village Hymns (American), 
1824, i.e. Mrs. Phoebe Brown. 

B. in Hys. <fc Sac. Song*, Manchester, Flet- 
cher & Tubba, 1855, i.e. Rev. G. B, Bubier. 

S., in Border's Congregational Hymns, 1884, 
i&, the Bev. Stapford A. Brooke 

B. B„ A»h & Evans, 1769, i.e. Benjamin 


B — d., in the same CoO., later editions, Ia. 
Anna L. Baruauld. 

B. S., in the some Cott^ 1769, i.e. Benjamin 

B. T,, In the People's H., i.e. a nam dt 
plume of the Bev. E. F. LitUednle, and the 
Initials of a former address. 

Backward with, humble shame we 
look. I, Watts. [The FaU and ike Redemp- 
tion.'] 1st pub. In his Eymnt and Spiritual 
Bongs, 1707. hk. i., No. 57, in 8 st of 4 1., and 
again in later eds. of the same. Its use, and 
that in an abbreviated form, is very limited. 

Bacon, Francis, Lord Verulam, s. of 
Sir Nicholas Bacon, b. in London, 1661, d. 
1626. He was educated at Trinity College, 
Cambridge, and there showed at an early age 
those remarkable powers which eventually 
gained him a world-wide and lasting renown. 
The story of his greatness and of his ahnma 
belongs more to the history of the nation than 
to hymnody, his contributions to the latter 
being confined to the metrical voisions of 
seven (1, 12, 90, 104, 126, 137, 149) individual 
psalms, which were pub. in his Certaine 
Psalmet, Lond., Hannah Barrett and B, 
Whittftker, 1 625 - and reprinted in Dr. 
Grosart's Fuller Wortiiies Miscellanies, vol. 
i., 1870, and in various eds. of Bacon's col- 
lected Works, 

Bacon, Leonard, d.s., was b. at Detroit 

(where his father was a missionary to ttie 
Indians), Feb, 19, 1802, and educated at 
Yale College, and at Andover. In 1625 he 
was ordained Pastor of the Centre Church, 
New Haven, and retailed that charge tilt 
1666, when be was appointed Professor of 
Theology in Yale Divinity School. Thia 
professorship ha resigned in 1871; but till 
his death in 1881, he whs Lecturer on Church 
Polity. He died Dec. 23, 1881. Dr. Bacon 
rendered important services to hymnology both 
as writer and compilur. "While a student at 
Andover, he edited an important and now rare 
tract, entitled Hymns and Sacred Songs for 
the Monthly Concert (of Prayer fur Missions], 
Andover, Sept. 1823. This contained the 
three hymns following, which are his; — 

1, Vfp not for tie saint that aaeenda. Death 
of a Missionary. 

1. land where the bones of our fathers are 

■lMptnf. Missions. Thia was brought into 
notice in Q. Britain through its insertion in the 
Evangelical Magazine, March, 1824. 

1. Wake the song of jobilM. Missions. 

Of these No. 1 ia found in Lyra &k. Amcr., 
p. ti, and No. 3 was adopted, with alterations, by 
Pratt in his J's. and Hy». (Lond., Sceley & Co., 
1829), from which it passed into Greene and 
Mason's Church Psalmody, 1831, and the Church 
Psalmist of the Evangelical Christians (N. Y., 



1845, 7th ed.). This altered text, with, dome 
further ohanges, was adopted by the author in 
his Appendix to T. Dwight's reviled ed. of 
Watts's Psalms, 1833. Tfaia Appendix also con- 
tained three new hymns by him, vii. : — 

4. Theuth now the nations alt beneath. Missions, 
This is based on a hymn by Snrab SHnn, "Arise 
in all Thy splendour, Lord" (q. v.\ which Dr. 
Bacon bad partly rewritten for his Andover 
Tract, above noted. In the Appendix to Dwight 
he substituted new verses for what remained of 
her's in the Tract, and then justly claimed the 
whole as his own, 

I. Than Who hast died ta redeem tut from hilL 
Holy Communion, 

8. Hod of our fathers, to Thy tbwae. Thanks- 

In 1345 Dr. Bacon was joint compiler with 
Dr. E. T. Fitch, and several others, of Psalms 4 
Hymns for Gtristian Use and Worship, pub. " by 
the General Association of Connecticut." 

To this collection he contributed the four 
hymn* following : — 

7, Bete, lord of lift and light to Thee. Insti- 
tution of a Minister. This was written March 9, 
1825, for his installation as pastor of the First 
Church, New Haven, and first pub. as above, 
No. 559, in 4 st. of 4 1., and headed " Ordination 
in an ancient New England Church." 

8, God, beneath Thy (muni; hand. American 
Anniversary Hymn. This is a favourite Ameri- 
can Anniversary hymn. It is abbreviated and 
altered from his hymn, "The Sabbath morn is 
as bright and calm," which he wrote for the 
Bicentenary of New Haven, 1833. In this revised 
form it was first pub. as above, No. 619, in 
5 st. of 4 1., and appointed " For the twenty- 
second of December." 

9, Hod of Abraham, ever sure. Prayer on 
behalf of the Young. This was written as a sub- 
stitute for Mrs. Hyde's "Dear Saviour, if these 
lambs should stray," the use of which was re- 
fused by the owners of the copyright of Nettle- 
ton's Village Hymns (1824), In the Ps, $ Hys., 
1845, it is No. 635, in 4 st. of 4 1., and headed 
" Prayer for the children of the Church," 

10, Bail, tranquil hour ef elosiaf day. Evening. 
This popular hymn was written under the same 
circumstances as the preceding, and as a substi- 
tute for Mrs. Brown's Twilight hymn, " I love 
to steal awhile away." It is No. 706 of the 
Ps. $ Hys., 1845, in 5 st, of 4 1., and entitled 
"Evening Twilight."* 

1L Sow sweet, thn? Ions; remembered ysars* 
Evening. In the Church Prate Bk. t N. 1*., 1883, 
No. 15, is composed of st. iii,-v. of No. 10. 

[F. M. BO 

Bahnmaier, Jonathan Friedrich, s. 

of J. O. Bahnmaier, Town Preacher at Obe> 
gtenfeld, near Bottwar, "Witrttemberg, was b. 
nt Oberstcnfeld, July 12, 1774. After com- 
pleting liig studios at Tubingen, his first 
appointment was, in 1793, as assistant to his 
father. He became Dlaconus at Marbach on 
the Neekar in 1806, and at Ludwigsburg in 
1810, where he was for a time the head of a 
young ladies' school. In 1815 lie was ap- 
pointed Professor of Education and Homiletics 
at Tubingen, but in the troublous timcB that 


followed htul to resign hia peat Hu received 
in 1819 the appointment of Deoan and Town 
Preacher at Kircliheim-unter-Teck, where be 
continued as a faithful, unwearied, and suc- 
cessful worker for 21 years. He was distin- 
guished as a preacher, and greatly interested 
in the causes of education, of missions, and of 
Bible societies. He was also one of the prin- 
cipal members of the committoe which com- 
piled the Wlirttemberg G. B. of 1812. He 
preached his lost sermon at Kirohheim, on the 
10th Sunday after Trinity,. Aug. 15, 18*1. 
Two days later he held a. visitation at Owen. 
While inspecting the school at the adjacent 
village of Bruoker, he was struck by para- 
lysis, and being conveyed back to Owen, d. 
there, Aug. 18, 1841 {Kock, vii. 81-84; AUg. 
Deutsche Biog., i. 760-767). Of hts hymus 
two have been tr. into English: — 

i. Jean al* du wiederhehrtest. [SWitwfe.] 1st 
pub. in his Christlic&e Blatter mts TU'jingen, 
pts. 9-12 for 1819, p. 85, in 2 st. of 8 ]., entitled 
" Prayer after School ; " as one of 7 metrical 
prn vers for Children, and for the School and House. 
Included as No. 2947 in Knapp's Ev. L. &, 1837 
(1865, No. 2614), and No. £13 in the Wilrttem- 
berg Q. £., 1842. The only tr. in C. U. is ;— 

Jem, when Thou once retaraeat. In full by Miss 
Winkworth in her C. B. for England, 18G3, No. 

ii. Walts, (aider, nah mad tan. [Jfisafons.] Ac- 
cording to Koch, vii. 84, 1st printed separately 
1827. included as No. 97 in the Kerndesdcutschen 
Liedersckatzes, Niirnberg, 1828, and as No. 260, 
beginning, "Walte, walte, nah nod fern," in 
Bunsen's Versuch., 1833, in 7 st. of 4 1-, aud since 
in the Wurttemberg G. B., 1842, and other recent 
collections. One of the best and most useful of 
hymns for Foreign Missions. The trs. in C. U. 

I. Tax aad near, Almighty Word. A good and foil 
( Miss Cox in her Sacred H, from the German, 
1841, p. 203, repeated, slightly altered, in her 
H. from, the German, 1864, p. 223. Included in 
J. I. Porter's Coll., 1876, and the Bapt. Hymnal, 

1879. In Hedge and Huntington's Hys, Boston, 
U.S., 1853, and Dean Alford's Year of Praise, 
1867, st. i. was omitted and the hymn thus began, 
" Word by God the Father sent." 

8, Spread thy triumph far and nigh, by H. J, 
Bucholl. By omitting at, ii., iv. as No. 65 in the 
Rugby School H. Bk., 1850 0" tn * ItyfiS School 
H. Bk., 1870, No, 175, the tr. is complete). The 
trs. of St. iii., v.-vii. altered and beginning "Word 
of Him whose sovereign will," were included in 
the Marylebone Coll., 1851, and Burgess and 
Money's Pi. and Hys., 1857. The Wellington 
College H. Bk,, 1863, begins with the tr. of st. v., 
" Word of life, so pure and free." 

s. Spread, oh spread, thou mighty Word. A full 
and very good tr, by Miss Winkworth in her Lyra 
Oer., 2nd Series, 1858, p. 60, repeated in her 
C. B.for England, 1863, No. 176, Since included 
in Kennedy, 1863, People's H., 1867, Border's 
Cong. Hys., 1884, and others; and in America 
in the Pennsylvania Lvih. Ch. Bh., 1868, Hy$. 
and 8. of Pntise, N. Y,, 1874, Eeang. Hymnal, 

1880, and others. In Longfellow and Johnson's 
Hys. of the Spirit, Boston, 1864, it begins with 
st. v., " Word of life, most pare, most strong." 


Otiurtn. an ; — 

(1) "Go fort^ thou mighty word of #»<^" by &mih.« 
fiirkseve, 1843 (ed. IU1, p. 31). (3) "0 Word of God, 
reign everywhere," by l*r. & IFaittr, i860, p. as. 
(3) "Word of God! wttk glory crown'd." in L. 
Rehfuess's Ok. ft( Sea, ibss, p. lot. [J, M.] 

Bailey, Udward, a TrVesleyan local 
preacher, and a representative of a London 
(Km firm, was b. at Brentford, Middlesex, 
Aug. 16, 1816. At 12 rears of age, through 
the death of his father, he was compelled to 
work for hU own livelihood, and to support 
his widowed mother, who was paralysed. His 
heavy labours were relieved by literair efforts, 
the first to appear in print being in 1869, Mr, 
Bailey is known chiefly as the author of 25 
tracts in prose and versa, which have been pub. 
by the Wesley&n, the Tract, and other Societies, 
and of several hymns. Borne of the latter were 
written for Anniversary Services at various 
Sunday Schools with which he was associated, 
and others in times or personal affliction. Of 
these hymns the following ore in the lleth. 
8. 8. H. Bk„ 1879, and other collections :— 

1. OrwlotuOoil Almighty Father. Misttotu. 

3. Tried, trusted, crowned. Pertaeranct. 

3. When our hearts are glad Bud light. For Guidance. 

Bailey, BhiUp James, b. at Notting- 
ham, April 22, 1816. His father, a man of 
great ability and local celebrity as a politician 
and author, was for some time proprietor and 
editor of the Nottingham. Mercury, a weekly 
newspaper. In his 16th year P. J. Builey 
became a student at Glasgow University. 
He did not graduate, but after a time went 
to Loudon to study for the legal profession. 
In 1885 he was called tothe bar by the Society 
of Lincoln's Inn. In the years that followed, 
whilst ostensibly engaged in legal matters, he 
was really absorbed in the study of literature 
and philosophy, and in the conception and 
elaboration of the remarkable poem in con- 
nexion with which his name is chiefly known. 
This was pub. In 183i», under the title of Feetas, 
a Poem, by Philip fame* Bailey. The Anget- 
World (1850); The Mystic and the Spiritual 
Legend (1835); and The Universal Hymn 
(1888), may all be considered as episodes of 
his chief work, and are in fact in later 
editions in substance incorporated with it. 
Mr. Bailey is the author of two other works 
of a different class, — The Age, a Satire, 1858, 
nnd a brief political treatise on the Interna- 
tional Policy of the Great Powers. 

From 1861 to 1876 Mr. Bailey lived for 
the most part in Jersey. Of late years he 
has resided at a seaside village in North 

FUtvt has prosed through 10 editions in Riglind, 
and 30 In America. One of the ]yrtcs comprised in 
this poem — ** Is Heaven a place where pearly streams " 
— appears as a Hymn In Dr. B.W. Rules EnalitKllyiAn 
Kk. IVrt-of another—" Call all who lore Thee, Lord, 
to Thee" (ed. 1848, p. 100) — has been expanded Into 
a Hymn by G. Rawson (itop. JTynnaf , No.sos). Both 
compositions are eminently beautiful, and make one wish 
that THr. Bailey bad given us more of the sami> kind. 

[W. B. SJ 

Baker, F. A, f Jerusalem, my happy horns.] 

Baker, Sir Henry Williams, Bart, 
eldest s.of Admiral Sic Henry Loraine Baker, 
b. in London, May 27, 1821, and educated at 



Trinity Coll., Cambridge, where he graduated, 
B.A, 1814, m.a. 1847. Taking Holy Orders 
in 1844, he became, in 1851, Vicar of Monk- 
land, Herefordshire. This benefice he held to 
his death, on Monday, Feb. 12, 1877. He 
succeeded to the Baronetcy in 1851. Sit 
Henry's name is intimately associated with 
hymnody. One of his earliest compositions 
was the very beautiful hymn, " Oh 1 what if 
we are Christ's," which he contributed to 
Murray's Hymnal for the Use of the English 
Church, 1852, HU hymns, including metrical 
litanies and translations, number in the 
revised ed. of H. A, & 3f, 33 in all. These 
were contributed at various times to Murray's 
Hymnal ; W. A. & M., and the London Mistion 
H. Bk., 1876-7. The last contains his three 
latest hymns. These are not included in H. 
A. <t M, Of his hymns four only are in the 
highest strains of jubilation, another four are 
bright and cheerful, nnd the remainder are 
very tender, but exceedingly plaintive, some- 
times even to sadness, liven those which at 
first seem bright and cheerful have an under- 
tone of plaintiveness, and leave a dreamy sad- 
ness upon the spirit of the singer. Poetical 
figures, far-fetched illustration*, and difficult 
compound words, he entirely eschewed. In his 
simplicity of language, smoothness of rhythm, 
and earnestness of utterance, he reminds one 
forcibly of the saintly Lyte, In common with 
Lyte also, if a subject presented itself to his 
mind with striking contrasts of lights and 
shadows, he almost invariably sought shelter 
in the shadows. The last audible words which 
lingered on his dying lips were tim third stanza 
of his exquisite rendering of the 23rd Psalm, 
" The King of Love, my Shepherd is " :— 

H Perverse and foolish, oft 1 strayed, 
Gut yet in love He sought me, 
And on Ills Shoulder gently laid. 
And home, rejoicing, brought me." 

This tender sadness, brightened by a soft 
calm peace, was an epitome of his poetical 
life. , 

Sir Henry's labours as the Editor of H. A. 
A M. were very arduous. The trial copy was 
distributed amongst a fotv friends in 1859; 
1st ed. pnb. 1861, and the Appendix, in 1868 ; 
the trial copy of the revised ed, was issued in 
1874, and the publication followed in 1875. 
In addition ho edited Hymns for the Loudon 
Mission, 1874, and Hymns for Misnion Services, 
N.D., c 1876-7. He also pub. Daily Prayers 
for those who worfc hard; a Daily Text Booh, 
&<\ jfu S. A. & M. there are also four tunes 
(33, 211, 254, 472) the melodies of which are by 
Sir Henry, and the harmonies by Dr. Monk, 
He d. Feb. 18, 1877. [J. J.] 

Baker, Mary A. Miss Baker, who is a 

member of the Baptist denomination, and a 
resident in Chicago, Illinois, is an active 
worker in the temperance cause, and the 
author of various hymns and temperance 
songs. Her most popular hymn : — 

1. Vaster, the tempest is raging, Peace, was 
written in 1874 at tlie request of Dr. H. R. Pal- 
mer, who desired of her several songs on the 
subjects of a series of Sunday School Lessons for 
that year. Its theme is "Christ stilling the 
tempest." During the same year it was set to 



music by Dr. Palmer, and pub. in his Songs of 
Loot for the Bible School, 1874. It is found in 
other collections, inclading I. D, Sankey's Sac 8. 
emd Solos, Loud., 1881. Its home popularity 
was increased by its republication and frequent 
use during the illness or Pres. Garfield. It was 
sung at several of the funeral servieeB held in 
hia honour throughout the States. 

>. Why perish with mid and with hunger 1 
Imitation. This is another of her hymns set 
to music by 1. D, Sankey, and included in his 
Sacred & and Solos, Lond., 1881. [J. J.] 

Bakewell, John, b. at Brailsfbrd, Der- 
byshire, 1721. At about the age of eighteen 
his mind was turned towards religious truths by 
leading' Boston's Four/old State. Front that 
date he became an ardent evangelist, andin 1744 
(the year of the first Methodist Conference) 
he began to preach. Removing to London 
vome short time after, he became acquainted 
with the Wesleys, M. Madan. A. M. Toplady, 
J. Fletcher, and other earnest evangelical 
men. After conducting for some years the 
Greenwich Royal Park Academy, he resigned 
In favour of his son-in-law, Dr. James Egnu, 
and employed much of his time in preaching 
at various places for the Wesleyans. He d. at 
Lewisham, near Greenwich, March IS, 1819, 
aged 98, and was buried in the Wesleyan 
burying ground connected with the City Road 
Chapel, London. Mr. Bakewell was the 
author of a few hymns, the best known 
being, "Hail Thou once despised Jesus," the 
abbreviations of the same, "Paschal Lamb, 
by God appointed," and "Jesus, hail, en- 
throned in glory." A shaft memoir of him was 
pub. by Mr. Btelfox, Belfast, 1864. [J. J.] 

Bald ssieli ich. mit dem Sterbsfeleid. 

Anon. [A'fcwKti Idfe.} Included ns No. 3508 
in Enapp's Ev. h. 8., 1837, in 2 st. of 4 1., 
with tlie note "Found in the hymn-book of 
my deceased wife." The only (r. in C. U. is : — 
Boon is the grave my fissh shall ie*t, By Dr. 
H. Mills, in full, with 2 origins] st. added in his 
Herat Oer,, 1815 (1856, p. 250), and thence, as 
No. 983, in the Lutheran General Synod's 
Hymns, &c., 1852. 

Another tr. is, " Soon nil my Borrows I ehall lay," by 
Dr. R. Menzles, in V, A. G. Tholuck'B Bourt of Chris- 
tian Jtenltini, Edln., 1*»0, p. S41. [J, M.] 

Balde, Jacob. Ho was b. at Ensisheim, 
in Alsace, in 1603, and d. in 1668, at the ago 
of 65. In the year 1621 he entered the order 
of the Jesuits, but it is rather db a patriot, 
deeply mourning over the miseries cnused by 
the " Thirty Years' War," than as a priest, 
that he comes before us in his works. His 
reputation amongst his compatriots as a writer 
of Latin poetry could hardly have been 
greater than it is. With an exaggeration 
which, however pardonable, can scarcely be 
allowed to pass altogether unchallenged, he 
is extolled by such writers as Border, and 
even more markedly by A. W. von Schlegel, as 
though lie were unapproached by any other 
modern Latin poet. There is, however, no 
doubt that his acquaintance and sympathy 
with the misfortunes of his country result in 
a i cnlism, and at times an earnestness, founded 


upon deep religious feeling, in what he wrote, 
which is too often sought in vain in the works 
of other writers of the same class. He takes 
high rank, if not the first place, amongst 

He m a prolific writer. His Oats and SdtaHtm 
Pcdagrieonm, (the best known of his works) scarcely 
fall within the scope of a Dictionary of Svnnotogy; 
but, especially as it has been admitted by Archbishop 
Trench Into bis Sacred Latin Poetry, reference may 
be made here to his "Chorea tforttudie give lesttis de 
sortis et mortis in humanos ree impede, H a dirge upon 
the death of the Empress LeopoWlua, wife of Ferdi- 
nand III., tn her first childbirth, In 16*9, end cbauted 
in her funeral praceseton.and commencing " Eheu,qnld 
homines sutnus ? " (Trench, Sac Lot. P., 2nd ed,, last, 
pp. 2ro-M4). It Is a noble poem, la which the author 
allows himself, as he very rarely did, to forsake the 
classical metres, in which he usually wrote. However 
difficult to translate, and Archbishop Trench says that 
it " almost defies translation," there is one translation 
Into English, lu the original metre, in the Southern 
Mogatine, U.S., Jan. 1S73; and D. T. Morgan has 
anulber, but not la the original metre, in hia flsmiti 
(* other Poetry of the Latin Church. The original poem 
la given at length fn Trench, as quoted from Palde, 
Colonise, 1660, vol. iv. p. 424. 

The merits of Balde's productions consist 
rather in tho grandeur and solemnity of his 
utterances and Hie boldness of his imagery 
than in the perfection of his classical style. 
Success in the latter is hardly claimed for him 
by his most ardent admirers, [D. B. W,] 

Baldwin, Thomas, d.d., b. at Bozrah, or 
Norwich, Connecticut, 1753, was representa- 
tive for some time of iiis native Stale in the 
Legislature. In 1783 he was ordained to the 
Baptist ministry, and from 1790 till his death, 
in 1825, he was Pastor of the Second Bap- 
tist Church, Boston. His best known hymns 
aro: — 

1. Almighty Saviour, We we stand. Holy Bap- 
tism. This hymn " For Immersion " was contri- 
buted to a Coll. of Sacred and Devotional Hymns, 
Boston, 1803, from whence it has passed into 
later Collections, including the Baptist Praise 
BL, N. Y., 1871, and others. 

S, From whenes dees this union rise t Commu- 
nion of Saints. First found in J. Asplund's Jfcw 
Coll., Baltimore, 1793, beginning, "O whence 
does this union rise." Formerly very popular, 
and still in use as in the 'Bapt tat Hy. [and 2\tne\ 
Book, Phila., 1871, No. 638. In the Church 
Pastorals, Boston, 1864, No. 981, it is altered to 
" From whence doth this union arise." 

>. Ys Happy saints, the Xamb adore. Holy 
Baptism. Fur Immersion, first appeared in a 
Coil, of Sacred and Devotional Hynias, Boston, 
1808, from whence it passed in an altered form 
as: — "Come, happy souls, a<iore the Lamb," into 
Winchell's Supp. to Watts, 1819, It is found in 
Spnrgeon's O. O. H. Bk., 1866, and many modern 
American Baptist collections, [P. M. B.] 

Balfern, William Poole, b. in 1818, nt 
Hammersmith ; entered the Baptist Ministry in 
1848; and has laboured chiefly in the suburbs 
of London, and in Brighton. Mr. Balfern is 
the author of Glimpses of Jeeus and other 
prose works of similar character, has been u 
frequent contributor to Religious Periodicals, 
and has pub. tho following vols, of poetry : — 

(1) The Beauts <lf the Great King, and otter Patau, 
1S71, LontL, i'assmore and Alabaster. (2) Tjffrictfcr 
the Heart, isle. (Kline pubs.) (3) Hyixiu of the i'm- 


•ton, ]SI>2, Lnnd., Nelson and Sous, (i) Pilgrim. China 
for the Week) of the Ttar, 18S1, is a selection ftom Mi. 
"Saltern's poems made nnd pnb. by Kev. Chss. UuLlock. 

Mi. Bolfcrn's hymns have appeared in the 
Bap. Hymnal; Fs. d> Hys.for the Young ; the 
Meth. 8. 8. B. Bk. ; Songs of Gladness (S. S. 
Union) ; Bk. of Hsimns for S. School, Load., 
Weeks & Co.; Treasury of Sacred Song, 
Kirkwall, W. Peace; and in a. few collections 
of the Church of England. They include : — 

1. Cum/e unto Me, the Saviour speaks [said]. Invi- 

2. Ilarlc, dear children, hear tbe MiKtli. Sunday. 

3. gentle '1'eaclior, ever near. Divine 'Rather. 

4. Lamb of tied, must lowly [holy]. Uotiwst of 

s. morning stir, whose distant my. Pittite 

«. Thou Who art enthroned on high. J*mi«, 

f. Shepherd of those sunlit mountains. The Good 

All these hymns "were contributed to the S. S. Union 
Smgi nf GlaOncs$, 1S71, mid from thence have passed 
into other collections. 

s. Say not, wounded berot Jjaee of Jesus. 

From his work, The fteauty of the Great King, 1871, 
into the £a;. //jpmnnS, 1B70, 

Whilst Iheso hymns do not tftko a high 
rank as poetry, tliey aro characterised by 
simplicity of expression, mid by devout and 
earnest, often tender, Christian feeling. Hal- 
fern d. July 3, 1887. [W. B. B.] 

Ball, Thomas Isaac, b. 1G Angost, 1838. 
On taking Holy Orders in 1865, he suc- 
cessively became Curate of St. Salvador's, 
Dundee Mission; Incumbent of St. Mary's, 
The Cove, by Aberdeen; Domestic Chaplain 
to the Earl of Kiunoull ; Cnrate ef All Saints, 
Brougliam Street, Edinburgh; Curate of St. 
Columba's, Edinburgh ; Priest of St. Michael's 
Chapel, Edinburgh ; and Examining Chaplain 
to the Bishop of Argyll and the Ides. Mr. Ball 
is the author of The Orthodoz Doctrine of the 
Church, of England, 1877, and of numerous 
tracts; and the compiler of The English Ca- 
tholic's Vade-mecum, 1868. In 1863 he con- 
tributed various in. from the Latin to the 
Appendix to the H. Noted, for use in St. Al- 
lan's, Holborn, London, of which ho was co- 
editor with the Rev. H, A. Walker. He was 
also the solo editor oF the Supp. thereto, 1882. 
These trs. nio annotated under their respec- 
tive original first lines. 

Ball, WiUiam, a member or the Society 
of Friends, some time resident at Glen Roth- 
Bay, Rydal, Westmoreland, author of (lyjfttgae 
Sacrae,or Psalms, Hymns, and Spiritual Songs, 
Lond., 1825. (2) The Transcript and Other 
Poems,- (3) Hymns, orLijries, 1804; (4) Verses 
composed siivx 1870, &C, 1875; and other 
works. From the above the following hymns 
have come inlo C. U. : — 

1. Prsist to J«ra» ! PraisetoGod. Praiie. This 
is given in the Bymnary, 1SV1, as "Praise to Jesus, 
Ijord and God," and in the American Syt. avd Songs 
of Praite. N. T.. iM*. as^-"JfaUrfi(jD*! Praise to 
God." Orlg. text In Lyra, Brit., 1SBJ, p. MS. 

t. Then ii a pun and tranquil wan. ]jope. 
From Nttgae Sacrae, 1.825, into tanl Selborne's Jik. of 
Praiie, 1BS2$ the Lyra Brit n IbST, p. 618; and the 
Westminster Abbey H. Bk., less, Ac. 

Ballou, Hosea, a celebrated leader of the 
sect of Umveraslists, was b. nt Richmond, 
New Hampshire, April 30, 1771. He was 
entirely self-educated, and began to preach 



when about 21. In 1807 he settled at Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire, passing to Salem, 
Mass., in 1815, and to Boston in 1817. Hed. in 
1852, To the Universalis* Hymns composed 
by deferent Authors, pub. in 1808, be con- 
tributed 199 hymns. A few of these nre Btill 
used by the TJnWersnlists, but one only, and 
that probably his best, has passed beyond 
their ranks. It is ; — 

When God descends with men to dwell. The 
Second Adcent. Ballou also edited with Turner 
a second collection in 1821, and a third in his 
own name, 1837. [See Arnrfoaa Hymnody, 6 VI. j 

[F. M. B.] 

BampSeld, George Frederick Lewis, 
ha., wis b. at St. John's Wood in 1827, nnd 
was a posthumous child of Robert Wcsteote 
Bompfield, surgeon, in CoventGarden, London. 
In 1845 he entered Trinity College, Oxford, 
whence ho migrated to Lincoln College as a 
fcholnr,and graduated in Arts in 1849. After 
being curate successively of Bhoreham, and of 
St. Thomas's, Oxford, he was received into the 
Boman Catholic Church by the Rev. F. W. 
Faber, went through a noviciate of 18 months 
at the Oratory, was mdnincd priest in 1857 by 
Cardinal Wiscmnn in his private chapel, after 
which lie visited Home, and, returning to 
England, officiated as priest at Stratford and 
Waltham Cross, and took part in various 
missions. In 1868 the chief work of his life 
began. This waa the opening of schools for 
children of the middle classes. He was 
assisted by priests and others who lived in 
community, under the title of " Institute of St. 
Andrew." Ten years later it was confirmed 
by authority. His hymn to « The Five 
Wounds " was contributed to Mr. Orby Ship- 
ley's Annus Sanctus, 1884. It begins *'Yo 
priestly hands, which on the cruel cross." 

[J. C. E.] 

Bancroft, Charitie Lees, nee Smith, 
dr. of the Rev. Sidney Smith, d.d,, Rector of 
Drumragh, County Tyrone, Ireland ; was b. nt 
Blooinfleld, Merrion, m the county of Dublin, 
June 21, 1841 ; and married, in 18lJ9,to Arthur 
E. Bancroft. Her hymns have appeared in 
periodicals, Lyra Brit, Bishop RyWs Spiritual 
Songs, and other collections, and also as leal- 
lets. The following have come into C. U. : — 

1, for the [a] robot [role] of whiteness. Hea- 
ven desired. This favourite children's hymn was 
1st pub. as a leaflet in 1860. In 1867 it was 
included in Lyra Brit, and thence has passed 
into several coliections in G. Britain and America. 

9, Tbe King of glory atandeth. Christ the 3a- 
vio<ir. Contributed in 1 st. of 8 1. to the Lyra 
Brit, 1867, and entitled "Mighty to save." In 
the Hi/s, # Songs of Praise, H. Y., 1874, No. 1 19S, 
it begins with st, iii., " He comes in bloodstained 

3. Before t3io thnmo of God above. The Advo- 
cate. Dated 1883, and given in Spui'geon's O. 0, 
II. Bk., 1866, Laudes Domini, N. Y., 1884. 

In 1887 Mrs. Bancroft's hymns were col- 
lected and pub. as Within the Veil, byC.L.8. 

Bancroft, James Henry, b. at Boston, 
1819, graduated at Amherst College, 1839, 
and Andover, 1312. Hi-health prevented his 



ordination as a Congregational minister. Ho 
d. in Boston, Ang. 25, 1844. His hymn — 

Broths*, though fc»m yonder sky rSui-iof], 
was written in 1842, for the funeral of Dudley 
Leavitt, a classmate at Andover, who died there 
suddenly Jan., 7, 1842. It was given in The 
Psalmist : a Net» Colt, of Hys. for the Use of 
Baptist Churches, Boston, 1843, No. 1093, and 
has won considerable acceptance in America, but 
ii unknown in England, [F. Iff. B.] 

Bannerman, David Douglas, m.a,, 
oldest s. of the late Eev. Professor James 
Banncrman, D.D,, of the New College, Edin- 
burgh, was b. at Ormiston, Haddingtonshire, 
January 29, 1842. After studying at the 
University of Edinburgh, where he graduated 
m.a. in 1861, he became, in 1869, collegiate 
minister of the Free Church, Dalkeith, and 
in 1879 minister of 8t Leonard's Free Church, 
Perlh. He contributed to the Free Church 
H. Bk. of 1882 a tr, of Je ta sabte, men certain 
Redemptew (q. Y.). [J. M,] 

Baptized into the name. Tkoma* 
Davit. [Holy Baptism.'] From bis Hymns, 
Old and New, &<•., 1864, No. 414, in 2 st. of 8 
1, into the Church & S. H. Bk., 1868, No. 
825, unaltered. It was originally written for 
Adult Baptism, but is also appropriate for 
Confirmation. It is given nlsoin tho Ameri- 
can BaplH. [*IVrae3£t.,Phila.,1871,Ne,744. 

Baptist Hymnody, American. [Ann- 

liiu Hymnedy, § IV.] 

Baptist Hymnody, English. In this 
article it is proposed to give a brief account 
of the practices of the Baptists in England 
in regard to psalmody during the last 250 
years, a list of their principal hymn-writers, 
end a notice of the hymn-books chiefly used 
amongst them at the present time. 

Fur the better understanding of some 
statements which will follow, it should be 
noted that, from the first quarter of the 17th 
century up to the present, Baptists in this 
country have liecn divided into two main 
sections, Le. General and Particular Baptists, 
the former favouring the Arminian view of 
the Christian Atonement and human free- 
agency, or General Bedemptian; the latter 
Inclining more to the doctrines usually asso- 
ciated with the name of Calvin, or Particular 
Redemption. This distinction is now fast 
disappearing. Both sections are represented 
in "The Baptist Union," und tho names 
General and Particular ore falling into disuse. 
Nevertheless, the historical traditions of the 
two are different, and their principal institu- 
tions and societies continue distinct. 
I. Tlie Seventeenth Century. 

(1) Throughout the 17th century the 
General Baptists, with hut few exceptions, 
disapproved of psalmody in an ordinary mixed 
congregation. This was owing partly to their 
wish to avoid anything which seimed toignore 
the difference between tho "Church and 
the "World," and portly to their dread of 
formalism. In the year 1678 the devout and 
learned Thomas Granlham, a man of immense 
influence among the General Baptists of that 
time, pub. his ChrisHanismus Primttivus, 
wherein, speaking of the duty of Tbanks- 


giving, lie sets forth a number of reasons 
against "musical singing with a multitude of 
voices in rhyme and metre." He urges that 
Psalms and Hymns are to be sung by such 
only as God has fitted thereto hy the help of 
His Spirit ; that by congregational singing 
instruction is prevented, for " when ell speak, 
none can hear"; that singing other men's 
words "opens a gap for forms of prayer"; that 
"once permit the singing by art pleasant 
tunes, and you will bring music and tven 
instruments bock again into public worship, 
and then, farewell to all solemnity." Eleven 
years later, in the General Baptist Assembly of 
1689, the question of "promiscuous singing" 
was considered, when the persons holdiug the 
affirmative were desired to show "what 
Psalms they made use of for the matter, 'and 
what rules they did settle upon for tho 
manner." Thereupon was produced, not the 
version of Bternhold and Hopkins, but "a 
book of metres composed by one Mr. Barton, 
and the rules for singing these Psnlms secun- 
dum orient, viz., as tlie musicians do sing 
according to their gamut, sol, fa, la, wy, ray, 
ice; all which appeared to strangely foreign 
to the evangelical worship that it wai not 
conceived anywise safe for the churches to 
admit such carnal formalities." And this 
opinion was endorsed with tho general appro- 
bation of tlie Assembly. 

(2) In the Calvinistic, or Pa> iik&lar Bap- 
tist, section of the denomination, congrega- 
tional singing seems to have bjen regarded 
with more favour. In the records of tho 
Broadmoad Church, in Bristol, references to 
this part of worship are frequent. Thus, in 
tlie year 1671, it was a complaint made 
against them by "old Mr. Wright that hod 
been Sheriff," that he could hear them sing 
Psalms from their meeting-place at his house 
in Hallier's Lane, There was a second Bap- 
tist community in Bristol, known as "Mr. 
Gilford's people," who, though willing to sing 
Psnlms with others besides the church, 
scrupled to " sing in metre," and pleaded for 
permission to keep their hats on during this 
part of the service, or to " go forth." John 
Bunyan, who belonged to this section of the 
Bapliets, not only in Ms famous Allegory 
frequently represents his pilgrims as singing, 
but also in his Solomon's Temple Spiritualised 
(A.D. 1688) speaks of this part of worship as 
belonging by God's appointment to tho 
Churen of tho new covenant. But it is moin- 
bers of the church only — " Sion's sons " — that 
are to sing. He says : — 

" To slug to God Is the highest worahtp we are 
capable of performing in bceven; and It ia much if 
(tinner on earth, without grace, should be capable of 

rirformlng It according to His institution acceptably, 
pray Gw that it be done by ell those that no?adaye 
get into churches with spirit and with understanding." 

Only a few months after Bunyan wrote 
these words a violent controversy broke out 
among the Particular Baptists of London 
concerning the lawfulness of congregational 
singing. In the year 1680 Hercules Collins, 
pastor of the Baptist Church in Wapping, 
in his Orthodox Catechism, had broached the 
assertion that singing was a public duty. 
Benjamin Keach, pastor of HorsleyDown [see 


Early Engliib Hynraody, § XII. 1], in. hia Tropes <S 
Figure* (1682) and hia Treatise on Baptism 
(1089), bad followed in the same strain. Bat 
in 1690 one Isaac Marlow, an influential lay 
member of the church in Mite End Green, in 
a Discourse concerning Singing, entered the 
lists on the other side. Kench replied in his 
Breach Repaired, and presently others joined 
in the fray. As stated (1. a), the General 
Assembly of Particular Baptists intervened iu 
the interests of peace, and a truce followed; 
but the practice of congregational singing 
more and more prevailed. 

Theso Baptists of the 17th century sang 
the Psalms in their ordinary worship. At 
length, however, the custom was introduced 
(by Keach, in 1673), in supposed imitation of 
tho example of Christ and His Apostles, of 
singing a hymn at the close of the Lord's 
Supper., hymns were sung on Thanks- 
giving Days, at Baptisms, and on other 
special occasions. These appear to have been 
composed either by the minister himself or 
some gifted friend. Thns,in connection with the 
controversy above named, it is stated that on 
one occasion, at Mr. Keoch's place, when a 
brother minister was officiating, " a hymn was 
riven up to him which he read and sang, and 
the people with him." For use at these times 
were prepared both the earlier hymns of 
Benj. Keach, and the Sacramental Hymns 
of Joseph Stennett, the elder. Joseph Boyse, 
a Presbyterian minister in Dublin, who 
appears to have been a Baptist in principle, 

Sub. eighteen Sacramental Hymn*, to which 
e appended a hymn on Baptism, and another 
on the ministry (Dublin, and again Lond., 

[Tor farther details see Ivimey's Bitters of (*< 
English Baptittt, vol. i. ; Bytpatkt in Baptist History, 
by J. jMikewi 6<udby : and an article in the Brittit, 
Quarterly Xcvictv, vol. hcxE., on H Early tfoncoDfonnlfli 
Psalmody," by J. Speocer Cnrwen J 

U. The Eighteenth Century. 
(1) During the first half of the 18th cen- 
tnry the General Baptists far the most part 
retained their prejudices against congrega- 
tional singing. Thus, in 1733, a case was 
presented from Northamptonshire to the 
General Assembly of General Baptists com* 
plaining that some churches in that district 
hod " fallen into the way of singing the 
Psalms of David, or other men's composures, 
with tunable notes, and a mixed multitude." 
It is, however, an indication of a change of 
reeling, that this Assembly, unlike the one in 
1689, whilst admitting the fact of the innova- 
tion, decided to leavo the matter an open 
question. About tho middle, of the century, 
partly ns a result of the great Methodist move- 
ment, many new congregations of General 
Baptists sprang up in the midland counties 
and the West Biding of Yorkshire, and these 
all, like their Methodist neighbours, believed 
in Christian Song. In the year 1770, the 
New Connexion of General Baptists was 
formed, and soon afterwards a Coiltetion of 
Hymns was prepared for their use. In 1785 
Bnmuel Deacon (q.v.), of Barton, near Msirket 
Boswarth, in Leicestershire, pub. a volume of 
original hymns known as Barton Hymn*. 
These hymns arehomely in style, but fullof gos* 



pel fervour. Tliey had for a time considerable 
local popularity and reached a second edition 
iu 1797. In 1791 the General Baptist Associa- 
tion sanctioned the preparation of a new Col~ 
lection of Hymns, the former being very im- 
perfect and nearly out of print Accordingly 
in 1793 appeared a Selection edited by John 
Deacon, of Leicester, and another entitled 
Hymns and Spiritual Songs selected from va- 
rious authors, the latter vol. being known by 
thenameofDaflTaylor'sifynuu. Nevertheless, 
in some of the older General Baptist churches 
the prejudice against congregational singing 
still survived, and, in 1785-7, a rather warm 
controversy was waged between Gilbert Boyce, 
a much-respected Lincolnshire minister, who 
in two pamphlets condemned the practice, and 
Dan Taylor, then of London, who defended it, 
A gentleman now living (1886) tells how he 
has heard from his mother of the eongless wor- 
ship of the General Baptists, at Morcott, in 
Rutland, and of the gladness expressed when, 
one day, through the influence of the younger 
part of the congregation, the old custom was 
broken through, and a hymn heartily sung. 
By the close of the 18th century, however, 
singing, as a part of public -worship, had become 
universal among the General Baptists. 

(2) Returning to the Particular Baptist sec- 
tion of the denomination, and going back to 
the beginning of the century, we recall the 
name of Joseph Stennett, the elder. He 
may be regarded ee the connecting link iu 
Baptist fljffliHo^t/between the 17th and 18th 
centuries. His Hymns for the Lord's Supper 
belong to the former period (1697), those on 
Believers' Baptism to the Utter (1712). He 
deservedly holds a front place among Baptist 
hymn-wnters, not only as being among the 
first in order of time, bnt also from the ster- 
ling quality of some of his compositions. One 
of these, " Another six days' work is done," is 
a favourite Sunday-morning hymn in many 
Nonconformist congregations to this day. 
After his death, in 1713, it was long before a 
worthy successor appeared. Indeed, until 
nearly the middle of the century, the only 
Baptist hymn-writer of whom we know any- 
thing is Auue Dutton (1734), wife of the 
Baptist minister at Great Gransdcn, Hun- 
tingdonshire. J, A. Jones, who, in 1883, re- 
published her hymus, styles her " the justly 
celebrated." Mrs. Dutton'* compositions, 
however, are now (except by antiquaries) 
wholly forgotten. In 1717 appeared Divine 
Songs, Hymns, and other Poems, by Daniel 
Turner, M.A., of Abingdon; and in 1750, 
Evangelical Hymns and Songs, by Benjamin 
Wallui, pastor of Maze Pond. The hymns of 
neither of these writers possess any great 
merit, though of the two those of Turner nave 
the more melody and true "poetie fire." To 
their names must be added that of John 
Needham, author of the well-known har- 
vest hymn, "To praise the ever-bounteous 
Lord." His Hymns Devotional * Moral were 
printed at Bristol in 176%. Here, too, may 
be mentioned Edmund Jones, pastor at Exeter, 
who died in 176S, at a comparatively early 
age, the author of a hymn very popular for 
many years, " Come, humble sinner, in whose 
breast." But by far the most gifted Baptist 



hymn-wrtter of this period was Anne Steele, 
the accomplished daughter of the Rev. ffm. 
Steele, Baptist minister, nt Broughton, in 
Hniapsbirc. Adopting the signature T. — in 
fnll Theodosia — she wrote a large number of 
hymns which were not only introduced into 
tile Bristol hymn-book of Ash ft Brans in 
1769, and Dr. Rippon's 8el. in 1787, but are 
in common use at the present time. We have 
indeed now entered upon the pnlmy days of 
Baptist Hymnody, the thirty years or bo 
which followed the first publication of Miss 
Steele's hymns. To this period belong Ben- 
jamin Beddome, a most prolific hyion-write* ; 
Dr. Samuel Stennctt (grandson of the 
Joseph Stennett already named), who contri- 
buted largely to Bippon's Sel.; Benjamin 
Francis, a native of Wales, but pastor for 
many yesM of a Baptist church in Glouces- 
tershire; Bobert Bobinson; and John Faw- 
celt, d.d., who (in 1772) on deciding to re- 
main with his attached people at Waansgate 
in Yorkshire, wrote, " Blest be the tie that 
binds," and in the course of the next few years 
composed several other hymns still in frequent 
use. Less known writers of this date are 
Wm, Tucker, of CharJ, n Baptist layman, who 
in 1772 began to publish iu the Qoipel Maga- 
zine hymns strongly Oalvinistio in sentiment: 
and James Newton, Classical Tutor to the 
Bristol Education Society, who about the same 
time wrote a few useful hymns, especially one 
for baptismal occasions. A much greater 
name is that of Dr. John Rylaud, of North- 
ampton, who at the age of 20, in 1773, wrote 
the first of a series of 100 hymns, most of 
which were composed to be sung in connexion 
with his sermons. John Adams, originally 
one of Ryland's members, about this time 
printed in the Qottpel Magazine a few hymns 
now almost forgotten. John Fellows, most of 
whose works date from Birmingham, pub. 
hymns in 1773 and 1776, the former collec- 
tion relating chiefly to the subject of Baptism. 
Richard Bumham, minister of Grafton Street 
Chapel, Soho, put forth in 1783 New Hymns 
on divers *iibjeet», a volume which passed 
through several editions. Samuel Medley, 
the popular and useful minister of Byrom 
Street, Liverpool, began in 1786 to print 
hymns on broadsides as they were composed, 
and afterwards pub. them in two small 
Volumes. In the following year 0787) John 
Dracup, of Steep Lane, w Yorkshire, pub. 
his Hymn* & Spiritual Songs, and, in 1789, 
Charles Cole, of Whitchurch, put forth bis 
Threefold Alphabet of New Hymns. In 1792 
Joseph Swam, a young minister whose short 
end bright career nt Walworth dosed in 
four years afterwards, printed a collection 
of original hymns, several of which hare a 
place in the principal Baptist hymn-books 
of the present day ; and Samuel Pearee, of 
Birmingham, whose ministerial course both 
in brevity and fair promise greatly resembled 
Swain's, wrote a few hymns wbich were pub- 
lished with his life by Andrew Fuller in 1800. 
These were introduced into the later editions 
of Kippon's Set The history of the century 
closes not unfitly with tlie name of Job Hup- 
ton, minister at Claxton, in Norfolk, author of 
a fine hymu beginning " Come ye saints and 


ratse an anthem," altered by_ Dr. J, Mason 
Ncale into a form more familiar to modern 
ears, "Come ye faithful, raise the anthem." 
In regard to the hymn-bookB used by thft 
Particular Baptist* during the 18th century, 
they were undoubtedly at first simply collec- 
tions for special occasions, such as those of 
Boyse, Joseph Stennett, and Wallin, and were 
used as supplementary to tlie Psalms in one 
or other of tbe metrical versions. But in 
1769 a volume was brought out popularly 
known as the Bristol Hymn Book, compiled 
by the Bev. John Ash, ll.d., of Persliore, 
and the Rev. Caleb Evans, D.D., of Bristol. 
This contained 412 hymns by various writers. 
An 8th ed. of this collection, valuable fur 
its preface and list of authors, was pub. 
by Isaac Jaines, at Bristol, 1801 ; and a 10th 
cd. with a small supplement, Norwich, 1827. 

In 1787 Dr. J. Bippon, of Carter Lane, and 
afterwards of New Park Street, London, pub. a 
Selection of Hymns from the beet authors, in- 
tended to be on Appendix to Dr. Watts'* Psalms 
& Hymns. It soonoecame the popular Baptist 
Hymn Book, was enlarged from time to time, and 
passed throughmore than 30 editions. It was 
intended, ns indicated in the title, to be sup- 
plementary to Dr. Watts's Psalms and Hymns. 
Therefore the only hymns contained in it 
from Watts are from hi* Lyrio Poems, Sermons, 
and MiseeUanie*. All editions contain the 
names of most of the authors. Prominent 
among these are those of Steele, Beddome, 
S Stennett, Doddridge, Fawcett, Needham, 
and D Turner. A few hymns nre taken from 
J. Stennett, B. Fntncis, J. Hyland, Gibbons, 
and others. The 10th ed„ 1800, and the 27th, 
1827, were enlan»ed. No further change 
was made by Dr. Rippon, but on the expira- 
tion of the copyright of the 1st ed. in 1814, 
rival editions appeared with additions and 

III. The Nineteenth Century. 

But few hymn-writers of eminence have 
appeared among the Baptists of either section 
during the present century ; though there aro 
many who have written one or two hymns of 
merit The first name that presents itself is 
that of John Burton, of Nottingham and Lei- 
cester, who wrote chiefly for Sunday Schools. 
Then comes the name of Mrs. Alice Flower- 
dew, a member of the old General Baptist 
Church in Worship St., London, and author 
of a well-known hymn on the seasons, pub. in 
1811. John Mann, a bookseller, and member 
of the G. B. Church in the Commercial Boad, 
London, in 1828 published a volume of Hymns 
and Poems. The Rev John Howard Hinton, 
m.a. — a minister of great influence in his 
day — composed a large number of hymns 
on the subjects of his sermons, and in 1833 
published a collection therefrom. The Bev. 
John Eustace Giles, formerly of Leeds, wrote 
several missionary hymns, and in 1330 one 
of great excellence on the subject of Baptism. 
Mrs. Saffery, wife of a Baptist minister at 
Salisbury, wrote many hymns tor special 
occasions, and in 1834 published a volume 
of Poems on Sacred Subjects. The Rev. 
James Harrington Evans, h.a., of John Street 
Chapel, Gray's Inn Lane, in 1818 prepared 


a selection of ITS hymns for use iu bis 
own place of worship and introduced < herein 
a few of his own composition. This collection 
readied the 5th ed. in 1838 with 451 hymns. 
The Hon. and Rev. Baptist W. Noel, m,a., 
about t l.o some time pub. a selection of hymns 
which passed through several editions. Of 
these a few were originals. About tlio year 
1831 Dr. Amos Sutton, a distinguished Gene- 
ra^ Baptist missionary, ou the occasion of a 
visit to England, composed a. hymn which has 
over since boon Tory popular at "Farewell 
Services," "Hail, sweetest, dearest tie that 
binds." Miss Leslie, of Calcutta, tlio accom- 
plished daughter of another Indian missionary, 
is tho author of a volume of poems and of the 
beautiful hymn, " They are gathering home- 
ward from every land." Edward Mote, a 
Baptist layman of the strongly Oalvinistic 
sehool, published,inl836, " Hynintof Praue." 
David Denhom, in 1837, published a Selec- 
tion, inoludiug many of his own compositions. 
Later hymn-writers include the Revs. Cor- 
nelias Elven, Charles Hodden Spurgeon, F. 
W. Goadby, no.,, Thomas Goadby, b^., 
Edward Hall Jackson, Dawson Burns, ».»., 
W. P. Bolfern, T, Vincent Tymms, J. T. Wig- 
ner, Walter J. Mathams, Charles Clark, J. M. 
Wigner, W, H. Parker, B. Provis, and others. 

It remains to mention the principal hymn- 
books in use in Baptist congregations from 
a.d. 1800 to tho present time. Many have 
been prepared for the service of particular 
congregations. These, as being of tittle more 
than local and temporary interest, we pass over, 
confining ourselves to hymn-books which have 
been adopted by a largo number of churches. 

(1) Toward the end of the last century 
(1793) John Deacon pub. n hymn-book for the 
use of General Baptist Churches, of which a 
2nd ed., with a large Appendix, tho whole 
including 716 hymns, was pub. in 1804. At 
that date it is said to have been " pTetiy 
generally in use in General Baptist Connec- 
tjona" Inl83OihUbook,havingbeenreviB0d 

by a committee appointed by the Annual Asso- 
ciation, was formally adopted as the General 
Baptist Hymn-book. In 1851, another book 
was substituted, entitled "The New Hymn 
Booh." Tho compilers wore two brothers, the 
Bovs. J, B. Pike and J. Carey Pike. It, also, 
before formitl adoption, was revised by a com- 
mittee. In course of time an Appendix was 
prepared containing about 80 modern hymns. 
But in 1877 it was deemed expedient by the 
Association that another book should be com- 
piled to includo a large number of the best 
hymns of the present day. This book was 
pub. in 1879, under the title of the "Baptist 
Hymnal." The Rev. W, R. Stevenson, m.a., 
of Nottingham, was editor, nine other General 
Baptist ministers co-operating. It contains 
920 hymns, The word General was omitted 
from the title, partly from the fact stated at 
the commencement of this article, that the 
two sections of tho Denomination ore now 
almost identical in Christian doctrine and 
practice, and partly from the expectation, 
which has in fact been realised, that a certain 
number of congregations in what has been 
known as tho Particular Baptist section would 
adopt the new Hymnal. In 1 880, by direction 
of the General Baptist Association, the Sehool 



Hymnal, containing 343 hymns for the youn", 
wus prepared for the use of Sunday Schools 
and Families by the Bev. W. R. Stevenson, 
assisted by a committee. 

(2) We have seen that at the close of the 
18th century the hymn-books chiefly in use 
among tho Particular Baptists wore the Col- 
lections of Dr. Rippon and of Drs. Ash and 
Evans. In 1828 a book was prepared by 
Mr. John Haddon, sen., and revised by 
Doctors Murcb, Price and Steane, with other 
ministers, to which was given the name of 
The New Selection. This was revised and 
enlarged in 1838 and again in 1871 by tits 
addition of a Supplement, called Praite 
Waiteth, and in both forms it has bad a con- 
siderable circulation. Originally prepared by 
Mr. John Haddon, jun., the collection entitled 
Psalms and Hymnt, which has been exten- 
sively used by important churches for 26 years 
past, was flrct pub. in 1858. Tho principal 
compilers wore Drs, S. G. Green and N. Hay- 
croft and the Revs. W. F. Burchell and J. T. 
Wigner. It contained, until 1880, just 1000 
hymns ; but in that year a Supplement was 
added, under the editorship of the Rev. J. T. 
Wigner, containing 271 additional hymns, 
chiefly modern. In 1882 a companion book 
was put forth under the same editorship, en- 
titled JWffM and Hymns for the Young, in- 
tended chiefly fur use in Sunday Schools. In 
186G, the Rev. C. H. Spurgeon published a 
collection of hymns prepa red under his di rectiou 
and entitled Our Own Hymn Boole. It con- 
tains 1129 psalms arid hymns, and is used not 
only at the Metropolitan Tabernacle, but also 
in many other congregations presided over by 
ministers who were once students under Mr. 

Three other collections of hymns, used ex- 
clusively by the more highly Oalvinistic of 
the Particular Baptist churches, arc : (1) Mr. 
Win. Gadsby's iSel. of Hjftnns, pub. in 1814. A 
new ed. with a Supplement appeared in 1838. 
Successive alterations and additions have 
been made from time to time (most of J. 
Hart's hymns having been incorporated), 
until it now contains 1130 hymns. (2) The 
Selection, 1837, of David Denham, formerly of 
Unicom Yard Chapel, Toolcy Street, London, 
containing nearly 1200 hymns, and said to be 
used by upwards of 100 churches in Great 
Britain. (3) The Selection of John Stevens, 
formerly of Meard's Court Chnpcl, London 
Enlarged and rearranged by J. 8. Anderson, 
of New Cross Road, S.E, it now contains 
870 hymns. [W- R. S.] 

Baptist Hymnody, Scottish. [Soot- 
HOt, § Tl. 5.] 
Baptist Hymnody, Welsh. [Welsh 

Hjnuwdy, § IV.] 

Barbauld, Annali&etitia, ne^e Aikin, 

daughter of the Rev. John Aikin, d.d., a 
dissenting minister, was b. at Kibworth-HaT- 
court, Leicestershire, Juno 20, 1743. In 1753 
Dr. Aikin became classical tutor at a dissent- 
ing academy at Warrington. During her 
residence there she contributed five hymns to 
Dr. W. Enfield's Hymn* for Public Worship, 
&c,, Warrington, 1772. In tlio following year 
these were included in her Poems, Lond., J. 
Johnson, 1773. In May, 1774, Miss Aikin 



was married to the Rev. Rochemont B&rbauld, 
a descendant of a Fieneh Protestant family, 
and a dissenting minister. For Home years 
Mr. Barbauld conduoted, in addition to hi! 
pastoral work, a boarding school at Palgrave, 
Suffolk. From this he letirediu 1785. In 1786 
he undertook the charge of a smidl congrega- 
tion at Hampstead, and from thence he passed 
to tlie dissenting chapel (formerly Dr. Price's) 
at Newtngton Green, in 1803. He d. Nov. 
11, 1808. Mis. Barbauld continued to reside 
in the neighbourhood until her death, March 
0, 1825. In the latter part of the same year 
her niece pub. The Works of Anna Laetitia 
Barbauld, teith Memoir, by Lucy AiMn^ 2 
vols., Lund., Longman, 1825. As a writer of 
hymns Mrs. Barbauld wns eminently tu?cess- 
ful. Their use, however, with the exception 
of five contriba(ed to Dr. W. Enfield's collec- 
tion, is almost exclusively confined to the 
Unitarian hymnals of Great Britain and 
America. Including these hymuals, the whole 
of her hymns are still in common nee. These 
hymns appeared thus : — 

i. /ii Dr. W. Enfield's Hymns, $-«., 1773. 

I. Again the Lord of lite and light. Sutter. 

a. Awake* my soul, lift up thine eyes. On\flict. 

3. Behold, where breathing lave divine. Christian 

i. Jebovab reigns, let every nation bear. God't Do- 
minion. A part or this was given in Collyer's Set., 
ISI&Ho. 686, as:— 

5. litis earthly slobe, the creators of » day. 

ft. Praise to God, Immortal praise. Earnest. 

)i. Poems, 1773 (Preface dated Dec. 1, 1772). 

The whole of the above, and aim :— 

T. God of my life and author of my days. To Qo& the 
Father. 'J'fals Is an "Address to the Deity," in 80 L 
It Is given in Marttneau's CoUs., ISM and IMS. From 
It the following centos were given In Collyer's Set., 

B. God, our kind Master, merciful as just. 

t. If frJe&dlesa In the vale of tears I stray. 
Hi. Poems revised 1792. 

15. Coroe, said [soys] Jesus' sacred voice. Invitation. 

II. How blest the sacred tie that hinds. Christian 

12, Lo where a crowd of pilgrims toil. Pilgrimage 
of Life. From this is talten;— 

13. Our country is IuunsnueTa ground [land]. 

iv. IiQisvre Hour Improved (rronbridge), 1809. 
34. Sweet is the scene wlieu virtue dies. Death. 
v. Supplement to the Unitarian Coll. of Kippis, 
Sees, and others, 1S07. 
is. When as retains the solemn day. Sunday, 

16. Sleep, eleep to day, tormenting cares, Sunday. 

17. How may earth and heaven unite. Worship. 

vl. Worts, with Memoir, 1825. 
la vol. i. most of tbe above arc reprinted, and the 
fallowing are added :— 

18. Joy to the followers of the Lord. Joy. (c 1820.) 
IB. Pure spirit, O where art thou now. Bereavement. 

This Is dated 1S0S. 

20. Salt of the earth, ye virtuous few. Salt qf the 

21. When life as opening buds Is sweet. Death. This 
Is dated " November, 1814." 

The more important of those hymns are 
annotated in this Dictionary under their first 
lines. Mrs. Bnrbauld's Hymns in Prose for 
Children, oiijrinnlly [)ub. in 1781, were long 

Iopnlur and have been translated into French, 
talian, Spanish, and oilier languages, [J. J.] 

Barclay, John. [Scottish Hymniidy, § viu. 

Baring-Gould, Sabine, m.a., eldest 
*. nf Mr. Edward Baring-Gould, of Lew 
Tiouchiird, Devon, b, at Exeter, Jan. 28, 
1831, and educated at Clare College, Cam- 


bridge, B.A. 1857, M.A. 1860. Taking Holy 
Orders in 1864, 1 c held the curacy of Hor- 
hnry, nosr Waki-field, until 1867, when be 
was preferred to the incumbency of Dalton, 
Yorks. In 1871 he became rector of East 
Mersea, Essex, and in 1881 rector of Lew 
Trenchard, Devon. His works are numerous, 
the most important of which are, .litres of the 
Saints, 15 vols., 1872-77; Carious Myths of 
the Mittdle Ages, 2 series, 1806-08 ; The Origin 
and Development if Religious Belief, 2 vols., 
1869-1870; and various volumes of sermons. 
His hymns, original and translated, appeared 
in the Church Times ; H. A. * M., 1868 and 
1875 : The PenpU't Hymnal, 1867, and other 
collections, the most popular being "Onward, 
Christian soldiers," "Daily, daily sing the 
praises," the f r. " Through the night of doubt 
and sorrow," and the exquisite Easter hymn, 
"On the Heaurrection Morning." His latest 
effort in hymuology is the publication of 
original Cliurch Songs, 1884, of which two 
series hiive been already issued. In the Sa- 
crialy for Nov. 1871, he ako contributed nine 
carols to an article on " The Noels and Carols of 
French Flanders." These have heen partially 
transferred to Chopei'a and Staniforth's Carol 
Books, and also to hie Church Songs. [J, J,] 

Barlow, Joel, b. at Beading, Connecti- 
cut, 1755, graduated at Yale 1778, andd. near 
Cracow, Poland, 1812. He was well known 
as an author and politician dining and afier 
the American Revolution. His publications 
include Hasty Pudding; Columbia, &c. In 
1785, at the request of the (Congregational) 
(general Association of Connecticut, he cor- 
rected and enlarged Dr. Wattsfs Psalms, sup. 
plyinjj those omiited by Watts, and adapting 
the wnole to American thought and circum- 
stances. This work, pub. in 1786, went 
through various editions, and, although offi- 
cially superseded by Dwight in 1800, it con- 
tinued to be issued for many years after. Its 
title is somewhat curious as setting forth its 
design. It reads : — Psalms carefully suited to 
the Christian Worshipin the United States of 
America, being Dr. Watts's Imitation of the 
Psalms of David, as improved by Mr. Barlow. 
Of his renderings of the Fsauus, there are 
still in C. U. :— 

1. Awake, my aoul, to souiut His praise, Ps.cviii, 
This is No. 233 ia Hatfield's Ch. H. Bk., 1872, 
and other collections. 

t. Lord, Then haat ■oourged our guilty land, 
P$. lx. Altered from Watts. Also in Hatfield's 

1. Our lsni, Lord, with songs of praiie, 
Ps. xxxi. In the Pbila. Prcsb. Hymnal, 1874. 

4. In The*, treat Go*, with song* of praiie. 
Rationd Hymn. This is So. 3 in a slightly 
different form. It is No. 962 hi N, Atlum* a 
Chvrch Pastorals, Boston, 1804. fE. M. B.] 

Barnaby, Sir Nathaniel, c.u., Director 
of Navul Construction in Her Majesty's Service, 
b. at Chatham in 1829, has been for many 
years interested in Christian education, and 
is Superintendent of the Bap. S. School 
at I.eo, in Kent. He is the author of several 
hymns composed fer use in the school at Lee. 
Of these, one beginning " To Jesus, our 
Captain, to Jesus, our Ifing," and another, 


" The soldier keeps his wakeful Watch," com- 
posed to the German tune, "The Riiine- 
Watch," aro in W. R Stevenson's Scliool 
Hymnal, Loud., 1881. Hisliymnsare spirited 
and popular. [W. K. S.] 

Barnard, Edward William, m.a„ of 
Trinity College, Cambridge, third a. of II, B. 
Barnard, of Cave Castle, Yorkshire, was b. 
MorcL IS, 1791, He wasTioar of South Cave, 
Yorkshire, from 1816 to his premature death 
in 1328. His pub. works are: — 

(1) Trifles, in imitation of the cfuutar style of Me- 
leager, 1818$ (2) Tlic/Vojestanf JteadnttanjRlvlnglona, 
1322; (3) FIovmts, a series or sliort poems, original and 
translated. 1'rlvately printed at Martin's, 1-ond. ISiT; 
(4) F^fty Select t'oemt of Marc-Antonio Fla-oxiHio, 
Unitated. Cuealer, Fletcher, 18S9. This poetliunn™ vol. 
was pub. by his ffctuer-in-Iaw, Archdeacon Wranehatn. 
This vol. contains Hue few of Mr. Barnard's lyrical 
portly, but by far llw imgest port of these compositions 
remain In ws. Hiss Mltlbrd, In bcr work. Jfy library 
Zf/i, 1SB0, spenksof Mr. Barnurd as king eminent for 
scbotaishlp, and of hid poetry as "remarkable, not only 
for grace oitd beauty, but for a vigour of thought, a 
fulness, a body, very unusual In occasion*! verses. His 
Protestant Beadsman consists of a short account of each 
of the sain ts whom the Church of England commemorates 
in ber services during the course of the ecclesiastical 
year, with original hymns for each Festival. These 
byuins number 22 in nil, are marked with lunch sweet* 
nero and genuine devotional feeling, and art worthy cf 
attention, [D. S. W.] 

Barnard, John. [Scottish Hymnody, 

§ vm. 8.] 

Barnes, Barnaby, fourth s. of Dr. Barnes, 
Bishop of Durham, b. about 1569, in York- 
sliire. At the age of seventeen he entered 
Brasenose Coll., Oxford, but never obtained 
his degree. In 1591 he is said to have joined 
a military expedition to Normandy, in which 
country he remained until 1594. Ho wrote 
ADivine Gentwrieof Spiritual Sonnets, which 
was printed in 1595. He was buried in the 
church of St. Hory-le-Bow, Durham, in 
December, 1609. 

Re was the author of three plays, one pub. In KM, 
as The Devil's Charter, and two In us. not now to be 
tiaced, and of a volume of amatory poems, Parthenophil 
it Parthenoshe, 1ES3, which was privately reprinted 
from the only known copy, in 1875, together with all 
Barnes's other poems. It fs also Included In Mr. Arbor's 
recent English- Gamer. His prose work, Fovre Bootees 
of Offices RnaWivg Privet pertmt for tin specUUl 
servics of all good Princes A Policies, 1SDS, has not 
been reprinted. [W. T. B.j 

Barrows, Elijah Porter, b.t.d., b. 
at Mansfield, Connecticut, Jitn. 5, 1805, and 
graduated at Yale, 182& Ordained in 1832, 
he was Pastor of First Free Presbyterian 
Church, N. Y„ 1835-7; Professor of Sacred 
Literature iu Western Beserve College, 1837- 
52; of Hebrew Language and Literature at 
Andover, 1853-6G ; and of the same atOberlin, 
Ohio, 1872. His publications include Memoir 
of E. Judson, 1852 ; Companion to tile. Bible, 
1869; Sacred Geography and Antiquities, 1872, 
4c His hymn : — 

Hallelujah, Christ is miss [peace in OvritQ was 
written at Hudson, Ohio, in 1846, In « at. of 6 L It was 
talten by Mr. Trowbridge (a Missionary of the American 
Board) to Constantinople, and there ir. into two or three 
languages. Its first publication In English was in the 
Oberlln Manual iff Praise, 1880, No. 210. In this 
form, st. ill. and Iv. are omitted. Dr. Harrows has 
also written several other hymns and versions of realms ; 
but these have not come into C. U. 

Barry, Alfred, n.n., second a. of Sir C. 
Barry, b. Jan. 13, 182G, and educated at King's 
Coll., Loud., and Trinity College, Cambridge, 

BAltTH, C. G. 


graduating' in classical and 
honours in 1848 and obtaining a Fcllowshi]) 
the snmo year. Taking Holy Orders in 1850, 
he has hold many important appointments, 
including the Sub-Wardenship of Trinity 
College, Glenalmond, and the Headmaster' 
ship of Lreds Or. Sen. Iu 18G2 he passed 
from Leeds lo Cheltenham as Principal of 
the College: thence in 1868 to King's Col- 
lege, Loudon, as Principal ; and in 1884 
to Australia as the Bishop of Sydney and 
Metropolitan of Austraiia. In addition to these 
appointments, Dr. Barry was Boyle Lecturer 
1875, Chaplain to the Bp. of Bath and Wells, 
and Chaplain in Ordinary to the Queen His 
pub. works include Introduction to the Old 
Testament; Notes on the Gospels; Nates an 
the Catechism; Life of Sir C. Barry; The 
Teacher's Prayer Book; and various volumes 
of Sermons. Also a contributor to Smith's 
Diet of the Bible. His hymns are few, and 
include that for Sunday, "AsTUou didst rest, 
O Father," piven in the Rugby School H. Bk., 
187C; and Taring's Coll., 18S2, &a [J. J.) 

Barth, Christian Gottlob, s. of C. F. 
Barth, house painter in Stuttgart, was b. at 
Stuttgart,July31,1799. He studied at Tubin- 
gen, where be was the principal founder of the 
Missionary Society, and was only restruiutd 
by his mother's entreaties from offering him- 
self as a missionary. He became, in 1821, 
assistant at Neckarweihingen and Doniham, 
and, in 1822, curate in charge of Effiiugen and 
Sohoubrunn, near Nftgold. In 1824 he was 
appointed pastor of Mottlingen, near Calw, 
but resigned his charge in 1838, and settled 
in Calw, receiving in the same year the de- 
gree of en. from tlieUnivcrsityof Grcifswald. 
He d. at Calw of apoplexy, Nor. 12, 1862. At 
Calw he devoted himself as a writer and 
preacher to children, as a preacher and writer 
in the cause of missions to the heathen and 
to the Jews, and as the founder and director 
of the Tract Society of Calw, One of his 
books, the Bible History, readied its 160th 
edition in 1872, and had then been translated 
into 24 European, 18 Asiatic, 7 African, and 8 
South Sea languages. He frequently at tended 
the meetings of the Religious Tract Society 
of London, and was a member of the Evan- 
gelical Alliance {Koch, vii. 199-210; AUg. 
Deutsche Biog., ii. 9-1-95). Of his hymns 
there have been tr, into English : — 

i. Atut atnem Berg atn Biumltm stand. [BoXy 
Scripture.') Included In his Lieder umf Oedichtefvr 
CsAsttnichaer, Calw. 1842, p. S3, to 4 st. Previously 
rfen" ~ " 

81a, ISIS (1SSS, p. 2*), and thence In P. Slew's Ocean. 
■ -- - ■ ,fj.s., I8«. (a) "A tree grows one. 

Calw. 1842, p. S3, to 4 St. 

iu J. Kobner*s Ckristl. BarfentSnc, Hamburg, 1940, p. 
IIS. The trs. are : — 

ft) "Upon a hill there stands s tree," by Dr. H. 
jfflli, 1S4S (U6S, ~ _ " '" .--..- 

jUeiwftei, Boston, 

mountain," by Mrs, Sevan, ISM, p. 138. (s) " A tree 
stood on a mountain," in Dr. H. W. Dulckea's GWdsn 
Harp, 18*1, p. 21. (4) "On a hul stands a bewtilul 
tree?' In W. B. Bntdtnuy's Fresh Laurels, X. Y, ISSf, 
p. IS, signed "L. W," (S) **Lo, on a mount a tree 
doth stand," by Mrs. H. B. Spaeth, as No. «D In th* 
Pennsylvania Lutheran Little Children's Bk,, Phila- 
delphia, 18SS. 

ii. Xrheba dioh, du Tolk des Him. [Jfinun*.] 
Writtcn^fbr the Basel Mission Festival, June 12, 1833, 
In his Chritltichc Ge&ichte, Stutt«art, 18W,p. *B.ln 8 st. 
Tr. as '■ Ye people of the Lord, arise ! " by Dr. S.MHU, 
me, n. 209. 

fii, HtitM, tat dl« KaeU vnaohwnndeii, rjKisbmtJ} 

Written for the 20th anniversary, June 2f, 183S, of the 
Basel Missionary Society , and 1st pub. In the Mission 


Magasine for tbit year. In bis Chriittidie Ge&ickte, 
Stuttgart, 1836, p. 54, in 8 st. The trs, are :— 

O) • Ho ! watchman. Is the Might away," by ,Dr. P. 
IKoBw, 1860, p. 84. (2) " Watchman ! Hath the night 
departed," la L. Rehnress's Church at Sea, 1868, p. loT. 

[J. M.] 

Bartholomew, William, is favourably 
known through the English libretti or Men- 
delssohn's Elijah, Atham, Antigone, Lavda 
Sion, &c. ; and Costa's Eli, and Kaaman, 4c. 
Ho was b. in London, Sept 6, 1793, For ucme 
years he was engaged in writing English 
words foi foreign music In 1841 he attracted 
the attention of Mendelssohn, and from that 
day to Mendelssohn's death, in 1817, he was 
associated with him, adapting for him the 
words of the above-named oratorios. He sub- 
sequently assisted Bir M. Costa in like manner 
wilh Eli and Newman. He d. Aug. 18, 1S67. 
His hymns are generally taken from the above 
works, the finest nnd best known being " Praise 
Jehovah, bow before Him" (q.v.). 

Barton, Bernard, commonly known as 
the " Quaker Poet," was b. in London Jan. 31, 
1781, and educated at a Quaker school at 
Ipswich. In 1798 bo was apprenticed to 
Mr. S. Jesup, a shopkeeper at Haistead, Essex, 
with wliom he remained until 1806, when lie 
removed to Woodbridge, Suffolk, and entered 
into business with his brother, as n coal and 
corn merchant. On the den th of hi s w ife at the 
end of the first year of their married life, he 
proceeded to Liverpool, where he acted as a 
private tutor fiir a abort time. He returned 
to TrVoodbridge in 1810, where he secured an 
engagement in the local bank of the Messrs, 
Ataxandtr. This appointment he held for 
40yvars. He d. at Woodhridge, Feb. 19,1849. 
During the same year his daughter pub. his 
Poem* and Letters, with a Memoir. His 
poetical works were numerous, including : — 

(l) Metrical Effusions, isis ; (al Poems by an 
Amateur, 1818; (3) Poems, 1820 j (4) J&apoleon, and 
other Poems, 1822; (6) luetic Vigil*, 1824; (6) Devo- 
tional Vertts founded on. Select Texts of Scripture, 
Kit ; m A Widow's Tale, 1827 ; (8} yea Xear's Ere, 
IBM ; (fl) The Jfetiauary, 1S36 ; (10) Boutekold Vertet, 
I84S. A complete list of his works la rfven in Joseph 
Smith's Descriptive catalogue of friends' Books, Load., 
J. Smith, 1S67, vol. 1. pp. 1B6-2O0. 

From these works about 20 pieces have 
come into C. U. as hymns. These are found 
principally in the ScoltisU Evangelical Union 
Hymnal, on the one hnnd, and various Amer- 
ican Unitarian collections on the other. The 
best known are, '' Lamp of our feet, whereby 
we trace," and "Wnlk in the light, so shalt 
thou know.'' From his Devotional Vertes, &c, 
1826, the following have pasted into the 
Scottish Evang. Union Hymnal, 1878 : — 

1. Fear not, Zten's sons and daughter*. Gracious 
Promites. This la part of a poem on Isniah slilt. 1, 
" Fear not, Jacob, tabulated." 

8. Hath the invitation ended 1 Invitation. 

S. Bee we net beyond the portal 1 Pretext vision 
Imperfect, This Is pint of the poem on 1 Cor, xju, 12, 
" Dim and dark our present vision." 

4. Thoae who live in lore ahall knew, ptace. 

a. TCmld'rt thou share this henedistient Poorin 

In addition, there are slso in various col- 
lections : — 

8. Around Betheada'a healing wava, Consolation, 
This is on pp. 183-1BS, in his Aopoteon.atid other Poems, 
1621, In 10 st. of 6 L A cento therefrom is given In a 
few American bvmiula, including Mr, Beecber's Ply- 


mouth Coll., No. 740, as, "The vaters of BethcsoVs 

7, Then ii a life more deal, spiritual Life, From 
the i>ewtfonol Verm, ma, p. so, into Kennedy, 1863, 
No. 1177, with tbo omission of at. v. 

s. Bay not the law divine, Spiritual Law, Also 
from the Betetianal Verses, 1SSW, p. 34, intervillous 
American hymnals, generally Unitarian, as the Hymn 
and June Bk., Boston, 1868, Mo. 3+1, &c, -where, how- 
ever. It Is rewritten from an irregular metre to s.w. This 
had previously appeared in Iledpe and Huntington's .Hyi. 
for the Ch. of Cftriif, Boston, UiS., 18M. 

Other hymns, given in great pert in Ame- 
rican Unitarian collections, arc annotated 
under their respective first lines. [J. J.] 

Barton Gray. [Bus, <?, H.] 

Barton, William, b. cir. 1603, and for 
some time Minister of St, Martin's, Leicester, 
d. May 11, 1678. He was the author of one 
of the earliest collections of hymns, as dis- 
tinct from Versions of the Psalms, in the 
English language. He was a friend of 
Richard Baxter, and it was at Baiter's re- 
quest that he made four metrical renderings 
of the Te Deum (q. v.), His Hymns and Ver- 
sions of the Psalms wero numerous (see 
Early English Hymnedy, §§ V,, VI., and Plait™, 
English, § xl], and were pub, as follows : — 

f 1) The Hook if Psalmt in Metre, 1S44, 2nd ed. IMS, 
3rd ed. 1S4U, 4th ed. 1654. (2) Psalms £ JijmtM con- 
posed for the Public lhanksgiving, Oct. 'H, 1651. Thl» 
consists of versions of Pe. 48, 7«, M and 135. A copy of 
this is in the Dudleian. (3) A Century of Select Hymns, 
known as the Chapter Hymn), IBM, luo in* all. (j) Jfour 
Centuries of Select Hymns, an imperfect edition, pub- 
lished, be said, against his will. It contains the 16SJ 
Century, a new century of Chapter Hymns, and two 
Centuries of Psdtm Hymns, 16S8. (6) A new and re- 
vised ed. of the Chapter Hymns, 1ST0. (fi) A new and 
revised ed. of the Psalm Hymns, 1672, (7) Last revise 
oftbe.PialmirjnHn<, containing the TftiriJ Century, 1682, 
(8^Theforegoing€^ituriscollected,a Tnirtt Century of 
Chapter Hymns added tliereto, 20 Additional hymns, the 
Catechism. Book of Canticles, the Catalogue of Virtuous 
Women (all In metre), were pnb., with an XutrodncUon 
by his son, Edward Barton, "Minister of Welford, 
In Northamptonshire," in 1688. This is Barton's work 
which ia known as the Six Centuries of Select Syvmt 
and Spiritual Songs, collected out of the Bible, &c., 
Lond., 1888, Of these works Nos. 1, 2, and 4 differ wtdely 
in text from each other ; and together with the r* st are 
again altered in the final revision published after bis 
death, 1682, and several tfokes reprinted. The last cd. 
was jinb. by Kotiert Kobinson of Cambridge in ] IS8. 
These versions deserve more attention from compilers 
than they h&vebitherto received. It must he noted, how- 
ever, that the Book of Psalm; and the Psahn Hymns, 
are distinct works. (9) Barton also printed a 4to vol. 
in 1085, as, A view of Many Errors and tome gross 
Absurdities in the Old Translation of the ,P»a'»« in 
English Metre, as alto in some other Translations 
lately published. This work conrains specimens of his 
own translations and epigrams, airfcoirinMsndatory verttce 
try bis frlendB, [.T. J.] 

Bartrum, Joseph p, Of this American 
author nothing certain is known, save that he 
pub. ZTie Pealm* netcljf Paraphrased for the 
Service of the Sanctuary, at Boston, U.S.A., 
in 1833, and that he is supposed to have been 
an "Unitarian. From The Piatms, &c, the 
version of Ps. evi.: — "O from these visions, 
dark and drear," is given in several Unitarian 
collections in G. Britain and America. His 
version of Ps. lxxxvii., " Amid the heaven 
of heavens," is given in Holland's Faulmitts 
of Britain, 1843, vol, ii. p. 339, together with 
a critical note on his work. [P. M, B,] 

Bateman, Christian Henry, s, of John 
Bateman, was b. Aug. 9, 1813, at Wyke, near 
Hal ifax. After study ingin tl leMoraviau Church 
and exercising his ministry there for a tunc, 
he became, in 1813, minister of Richmond 


Piaea Congregational Church, Edinburgh. 
After 1846 he was successively Congregational 
minister at Hopton, in Yorkshire, and Bead- 
ing, Id Berkshire. On taking Holy Orders 
in the ChurchofEnglnudhe became, 1869-71, 
curate of St Luke's, Jersey, and Chaplain 
to the Forces ; 1871-75, Vicar of All Saints, 
ChildshiU, Middlesex ; 1877-84, curate of St, 
John's, Penymynydd, Hawarden. His hymns 
appeared mainly in ; — 

(1) Me Sacred Song Book (Edln.. Qall & Inglis, eob- 
•equenUy pub. as Saertd Mtioditt for Ckfldrm ; and as 
200 Sacred Melodies for Sunday Schools and Familia, 
was ed. by himself, with the Bev. James Gall, and 
latterly with Mr. Robert Inglis, the publisher, let pub. 
1S43 an 25 i enlarged by a second part, 1840, to 60; 
revised and enlarged, 18S4, to SO; 180^ to 130 ; and 
18T2, to300t it reached a circulation of a million and a 
half before 1862, four millkins before 1872, arid above 
six millions before 1881, It was for many years the 
hymn-book for Sabbath School use in Scotland. (2) The 
children's Hymnal and Christian year (Land., J. 
Hodges, 18T2), including II original hymns, with other* 
from many sources, flls best known hymn Is : " Comp, 
children, join toeing" (q. v.). fj, M.l 

Bateman, Henry, a popular writer of 
hymns for children, was descended from the 
De Yoeui, a Huguenot family. Bom on March 
6, 1802, in Bunhill Bow, Finabury, he was 
educated for commercial pursuits, and fol- 
lowed the trade of a timber merchant He d. 
in 1872. Doling the greater port of his life 
he was addicted to the writing of poetry, but 
his hymns were mostly written between 1856 
and 1864. His pub, works are : — 

(1) Belgium and Cp and Down the Rhine, 1858 j (2) 
Sunday Sunshine: New Hymns and Poems for the 
ruing, issa ; (3) Some Musings ■■ Metrical Lay Sermon*. 
1&02; (4) Heart Melodies : Being 365 Ifeto Hymns and 
Ftatmt, J8DJ ; (6) Fret A'et, and Other Mit, including 
Hymns with music, 1S6B. 

From his Sunday Sunshine (Lond., Nisbet 
& Co., 1858) the following hymns have come 
into C, U. :— 

1. A holy and a nappy youth. Youthful Piety, 

2, A noble river, wide and deep. Finding of Motes. 
S. A sparrow with Its plain brown coaL Providence. 

4. A thought It but a little thing. Little Things. 

5. A tranquil heart and pleasant thought. Peace, 
t. A. pebble in tbe water. Little Things. 

7. Always by day, always hy nighL Omniscience. 

8. Atutislt truethat Jesnscamo? Good Shepherd. 
8. At Jordan John bantliing taught Whitsuntide. 

10. Cross purposes, bow sad they are. Duty. 

11. Daniel was right as right could be. Duty. 

12. From grassy nest on Buttering wing. Proeidence, 

13. God does not judge as we must do. Charity. 

14. God made tbe sea, the wide, deep sen. Providence. 
is. Good night, good night, the day It done. Evening, 
is. Great God, the world Is (toil #f Thee. Omni- 


17* How Joyously amongst tbe flowers. Coin ifi Jl&fit. 

18. I always love those friends the best. Jesus the 

JO. If anyudng seems too bard to do. Perseverance. 

20. In Kden's garden, fair and bright. XoUness. 

31. In my soft bed when quite alone. Omniscience. 

S3. In tbe wild desert, far from borne. Providence. 

23. It it but llttte that I know. Faith. 

24, May I touch His garment's hem. Faith. 

2o. No tears la heaven I ah, then 1 know. Jfeaven. 

26. O lead me not, O lead me not. Ine lard's Prayer. 

2J, On the green grass five thousand men. Providence. 

28. Over the fields In hedgerows gteen. Duty. 

2*. Bonn-times I do not like to feel. Solitude. 

30. There is one thing quite sure to make. Good 




31. Thou Messed Jesus, pity me, Jesus the Guide. 
31 Through all the way, the little way. .Providence. 

33. 'Tie very wouderftal, I'm snre. Trust . 

34. Tramp, tramp upon their unknown way. The Bed 

35. When God baas Abraham eacrlAae. Resignation. 

36. Whun Jslrus'd daughter woe so 111. Povtr of 

31. When morning, fresh and bright and new. 

3S. TbegoodoMbooklwItfinlstorles. Holy Scriptures. 

3». Tear after year, with patient love. A Parent's 

In addition to the foregoing the following 
from his Heart Melodies, Ac, (Lond., Snow, 
1862), are also in C. U-, and have attained to 
some popularity : — 

40. (tracloiu Saviour, gentle Shepherd rthus before 
Thee]. Evening. 

41. Letuenroy, the Lord Is willing. Prayer. 

42. Was It Tor me, dear Lord, for me 1 Good Friday. 

As will be gathered from the above list of 
hymns in C. U., the Sunday Sunshine has 
been the most succesufiil of Mr. Bateman's 
works. This success is due mainly to the fact 
that the hymns deal with subjects easily 
treated of in hymns for children. His hymns 
are hearty and natural in tone. Some of the 
best of those pub. in the Sunday Sunshine 
were given in the Booh of Praimfor Children, 
1875, edited by W. Gnrrelt Horder, and from 
thence have passed into many collections for 
'children. His best hymn is "Light of tho 
world I Whose kind and gentle care * (q. v.). 
It is a prayer of more than usual merit for 
Divine guidance. [W. Q. H.] 

Bathuret, William Hjley, ji.a., b. of 
the Bt. Hon. Charles Bragge (afterwards Bnth- 
nrst) some time m,p. for Bristol, b. at Cleve- 
dale, near Bristol, Aug. 28, 1700, and edu- 
cated at Winchester, and Christ Church, Ox- 
ford, graduating b.a. in 1615, From 1820 to 
1S52 he held the Rectory of Barwick-in- 
Elniet, near Leeds, Resigning the Rectory 
in the latter year, through his inability to re- 
concile his doctrinal views with the Book of 
"Common Prayer, he retired into private life, 
and d. at Lydney Park, Gloucestershire, Nov. 
25, 1677. His works include, The Georgia of 
VirgU : Translated by W. H. £., 1849 : Metri- 
cal Muting* ; or, Thought* on Sacred Suhfeett 
in Ferse, 1819 ; and i^iaJms and Hymns for 
Public and Private V»e, 1831 (2nd ed. 1812). 
This last contains 141 versions of Psalms, and 
206 hymns. All tho latter, and many of the 
former are original. Of his hvmns, those in 
most extensive nse are, " Hark 1 the distant 
isles proclaim," " Holy Spirit from on high," 
"Jesus, Thy Church with longing eyes,' 
" Eternal Spirit, by whose power," " O for a 
faith that will not shrink," and " O Saviour, 
may we never rest.'* In addition to theso 
and a few others (all of which arc annotated 
under their first lines), the following are in 
C, U., but mainly in America : — 

1. Before Thy cross, my dying Lord. Faith. 

2. Before Thy mercy*seat, O Lord. Holy Scriptures. 

3. llehold what unspeakable love. Heaven. 

4. Does the Lord of Glory speak P H. Scripture. 

5. Ere tbe world with light Invested. H. Spirit. 

0. Except the Lord our labours bless. Ps. exxvit. 

1. Full of weakness and of sin. Tike Creator SpiHt 

8. Glory to the Almighty Father. Praise. 
v. Holy Lord, our hearts prepare. Preparation for 

10. Holy Spirit from on high. B. Spirit's direction 

11. How blest are they who feel the weight, repent' 

13. How strange that souls whom Jesus feeds. Con* 

13. How sweet it is In early youth. Youthful piety. 

14. How sweet the hour of closing day. Death. 

15. Led by a Father's gentle hand, tvwwtcnton </ 


IS. lord, a b;tter heart bestow. Lent, 
IT, Lord, bid the light arise. 7b the Holy Spirit. 
18. Lord, shed Thy glory as of old. Whitsuntide. 
1». Lord, what bleesed eoneolettun. Safety of the 

20. Lord, when oar ottering! we present. Offertory. 

21. fbr a bum of heavenly light. Lent. 

22. for that flame of living nre. H. Spirit, 

23. O give taints unto the Lord. J*!, eg. 

M. Shepherd of Israel, from above. On beHot/ of 

2S. This day the Lord hath called His own, Sunday. 
M. Wlwa the world my heart is rending. Heaven. 

27. Why search ye in the narrow tomb ? .fifteen* ion. 

28. Ye servants of toe living God. Praise, 

All these hymns were given in hU Psalm* 
* Hymns, &c, 1831 (Preface dated November 
15th, 1830), and repeated, without alteration, 
in the 2nd ed., 1842. They are characterized 
by simplicity of language, and directness of 
aim ; but do not in any instance rise above 
the ordinary level of passable hymnwriting. 
In some American collections Batliunst's name 
is contracted to " Bath," and tbis is regarded 
either as a complete surname or as a Bath 
Cell. The contraction was given by Bicker- 
steth in his Christ. Pmlmody, 1833. [J, JJ ' 

Batman, Stephen (sometimes given as 
Biiteinan), was b. at Bruton, Somersetshire, 
and d. in 1581. Beyond the faut that ho 
was a professor of divinity and the author 
of several works, nothing has been ascer- 
tained concerning him. E. Farr, in his Select 
Poetry, <te., of the reign of Q. Elisabeth, 1845, 
has given eight stanzas on '' Life " from his 
work, The tranayhd Pylgrime, bringing neteei 
front all partes of the worlde, such like eearce 
hearde of before, Lond. 1569. 

His works have often quaint titles. They Include, In 
addition to the above— (0 Batman uppon J&trtholome, 
\it BooJce, Be Proprietattbus tierum. Wcwlu corrected, 
enlarged, and amended, Lend., East, fol., 1682 fa work 
of Shakesperkn interest). (2) Ckriitall Glastc of Cfti-ii- 
tian Reformation, Lond., 156s. (3) Golden Itooke of 
the Leaden Godaes, L.ond., 35TI. {i) fiootne vjarning 
all men to tke Judgment, Lond., 16SJ, tai. 

Batty, Christopher, h. at Newby Cole, 
near Settle, Yorkshire, 1715, (1. April 10, 
1797. He was a member of tho " Inghamitcs, 1 ' 
a religions denomination located principally 
in the northern parts of the counties of Lan- 
cashire and Ywkshiro. He assisted James 
Allen (<!■▼■) in the production of the Kendal 
Hymn Book, 1757, to which he contributed 
31 hymns. Very few of these arc in C. U, at 
the present time. His "Captain of Thine 
enlisted host" (Jfftsrioii*), from the KendalR. 
Bk., 1757, is found in Kemblo's ColL, 1353, 
No. 475. and in Spurgeon's 0. O. H. Bk., No. 
9G8. He completed his brother's jioem, Mes- 
siah's Kingdom, which was printed in 1792. 
[See Irtghamite Hymnody.] 

Batty, William, brother of tho above, 
a]eoan''Iughamito," and tho contributor of 
15 hymns to tho Kendal H. Bk., 1757. Of 
these, "Content and glad I'll cverbe"(Saf- 
valion by Grace") and, " From Salem's gate 
advancing slow"' (Passiontide), are in C. U. 
outside of the Inghnmito Society, and are 
given in Snopp's Sony* of G. 4 O., 1S72. W. 
Batty died in 1788, £ See Inghamite Eymnody.] 

Baxter. Lydia, an American Baptist, 
was b, at Petersburg, N. York, Sep. 2, 1803, 
married to Mr. Baxter, and d. in N. Y. June 
22, 1874. In addition to her Gems bij the 


Waytide, 1855, Mrs. Baxter contributed many 
hymns to collections for Sunday Schools, and 
Evangelistic Servioes. Of these, the follow- 
ing are the best known : — 

1. Out thy net again, my brother. Patient toiL 
Given in the Poyal Diadem, N. Y., 1873, 

>. 8s, work in my vineyard, Duty. Also 
given in the Royal Diadem, 1873, and Mr. Saa- 
feey's S. # Sola', No. 4. 

3. I'm kneeling*, Lord, «t mercy's gate. Lent. 
In Coronation Hymns, ha., N. Y., 1879. 

4. I'm weary, Fm fainting, my day 1 ! work fl 
dene. Longing for rest. Royal Diadem. 1873. 

I. In the fadeless aping-time, Heavenly Re- 
union. In the Royal Diadem, 1873, I. D. San- 
key's S. S. $■ Solos, No. 353, and others. It was 
written for Mr. H. P, Main in 1872. 

6, On* by em* we ores* the river. Death. In 
Songs of Salvation, N. Y., 1B70, I. D. Sankey's 
S. &■# Soke, No. 357, &e. It dates ci>: 186G. 

7. Take the name of Jeans with you, Name of 
Jesus, Written late in 1870, or early in 1871, 
for W. H. Doane, and pub. in Pure Gold, 1871. 
It is No. 148 of I. J>. Sankey's S. S. $ Solos. 

t. The Matter is earning, Invitation. In Songs 
of Salvation, 1870, No. 38. 

9, There is a gate that stand* ajar. Mercy. 
In Xew Hatlvtced Songs, and also the Gospel Songs 
of 1'. Bliss, 1874. It was written for S. J. Vail 
about 1S72. It has attained to some popularity. 
It is given in Mr. Sankey's S, $ Solos, No. 2. 

[J. J.j 

Baxter, Bichard. Only s. of Richard 
Baxter, yeoman, Eaton Constantine, Shrop- 
shire, b. at Rowton, Shropshire, Nov. 12, 1615. 
He was educated at Wroxeter School, ami for 
a time held the Mastership of the Dudley 
Grammar School. On taking Holy Orders, lie 
became, in I640,Ourate of Kidderminster. Sub- 
sequently he was for some time chaplain to one 
of Cromwell's regiments. Through weakness 
he had to take an enforced reBt, during which 
he wrote his Saints' Everlasting Best. On 
regaining his health he returned to Kidder- 
miuster, whero he remained until 1660, when 
he removed to London. At the Restoration 
he became chaplain to Charles II., and was 
offered tho liishoi/rie of Hereford, which he 
refused. On the passing of the Act of Uni- 
formity, he retired from active dnty as a 
Minister of 1ho Church of England. In or 
about 1673 ho* took out a licence as a Non- 
conformist Minister and commenced lecturing 
in London. He d. Deo. 8, 1691. His prose 
works are very numerous. His poetical ore ; — 

(1) Poetical Fragment!: Start Imployment aith 
God ami Itself ) The Concordant Discoid of a Broken- 
foaled Heart, Jjondon, Printed by T. Snawdtm for B. 
Simmons, at the 3 Golden Cockt, fcc., ifctl (2nd ed. 
1S80; srded. 1SWV It conslBtsofacoontrtBof hisrell- 
rious experiences in verse, and Is dated " London, at the 
Door of Eternity) Rich. Baiter, Aug. T, 1081." (21 
Additions to the l'oetieal Ftttgmtnti of Rich. Baxter, 
written for himself, and Cbrnmunitatai ia such at are 
more for serious Terns than smooth, Lmdon, Printed 
for B. Simmons at the tftrec Golden Cocks at the West- 
end of St. Paul's. 16SJ. (3) A Paraphrase on the 
Psalms, With other Hymns left fitted for the press. 
pub the year following his death (1692). [fflarly 
fenglfah Hymnody, f x., and Kngllah Psalters, 
d xil] The l*oetical Fragment t were republished by 
Viekering.Lond., ItjSi. From this worlc his well-known 
hymn, " JJow [Lord] it belongs not to my care/' is Iriken 
(see " My whole, though broken, heart, CfLord") 

[J. J.j 


Bay Pealter, The. Printed by Stephen 
Payc, at Cambridge, in New England, in 
IG40, but there is neither place nor printer's 
name on the title of this excessively rare vol- 
ume, the first published in North America, 
It contains the Psalms only, but to the 2nd 
cd., pub. in 1617, are added a few spiritual 
songs. The 3rd, revised and amended by 
President Dunster, had a large addition of 
Scripture songs and hymns, written by Mr. 
Lyon. The translations were chiefly by the 
Eev. Richard Mather, the Rev. Mr. Weld, and 
the Rev. John Eliot. Francis Quotles, how- 
ever, contributed several psalms. Originally 
known as the Bay Ptalm Booh, it afterwards 
was called TU Jfetc England Version of ike 
Psalms. (See Cotton's List of Edition* of 
the BUile A Parts thereof in English, p. 117.) 
A copy ii in the Bodleian, and two others 
have recently been acquired for America. 
[See Sag. PiiItMt, I XL, and Affl*ric*n Hymaody.] 

[W. T. B.] 

Bayly, Charles, This writer is included 
by Dr. C. Rogers in his Lyra Britannica, 
1867; but his hymns have not come into 
general ubc. In 1841 he edited The Selwood 
Wreath, Lond. (Preface dated " Frome, Sept. 
28, 18*0.") The contributors to this volume 
include John Sheppord, Francis Sknrray, and 
James Joyce. Mr. Bayly's Descriptive and 
Other Poena were pub. in 18C0. Dr. Rogers 
gives "Jesu;>, to TTiee I trembling fly," and 
" Jesus Christ enthroned on high, as speci- 
mens of his hymn-writing, and states thnt he 
was born at Frome-Selwood, Somersetshire, 
and was a member of the legal profession, 

Baylies, Robert Hall, m.a., s. of the Rev. 

Joseph Baynes, b. at Wellington, Somerset, 
Mar. 10, 1831, and educated at St Edmund 
Hall, Oxford, graduating b.a, 1856, and m,a, 
1859. Ordained in 1865, he held successively 
the Curacy of Christ Church, Blaekfriars, the 
P. Curacy of St Paul's, Whitechapel; of 
Holy Trinity, Maidstone, and of St. Michael's, 
Coventry. In 1870 he was Bp. designate of 
Madagascar; but resigned in 1671, In 187S 
he was appointed Hon. Canon of "Worcester 
Cathedral, and in 1880 Vicar of Holy Trinity, 
Folkestone. Canon Baynes is more widely 
known as the compiler of some most success, 
fill books of sacred poetry than as an original 
hymn-writer, although some of his hymns are 
of considerable merit, and ore in extensive use. 
Of these the best known are " Jesu, to Thy 
table led," and " Holy Spirit Lord of glory. 
He was editor of Lyra Anglicana, 1862; Snglith 
Lyric*, 1865 ; The Canterbury Hymnal, 1861 ; 
nnd the Supp. Hymnal, 1889 (all pub. Lond., 
Houlston & Wright) ; The Illustrated Book of 
Sacred Poems, Lond., Cassell & Co., and is the 
author of original Autumn Memories and other 
Verses, Lond., Houlston & Wright, 1869. His 
hymns appeared in The Canterbury Hymnal, 
the Autumn Memories, and in the Churchman's 
Shilling Magazine, of which he was sometime 
editor. His Home Songs for Quiet Hours 
were pub. in 1878, nnd Hymns for Home Mi>- 
tion Service* in tlie Cliurch of England, 1879. 
To hU eucharistio manual, At the Communion 
Time, a series oE hymns for Holy Communion 
are added. D. March 12, 1895. [J. J.} 

Bailee, John. Little is known of this 



writer beyond the facts that he was a minister 
of Liady Huntingdon's Connection, and hod u 
chapel in Cumberland Street, Shoreditoh. 
For use primarily of that congregation he 
pub., in 1768, A Select CoU. of Psalms and 
Hymns, Extracted from Several Authors, and 
Published for the general use of the Church of 
Christ in her Militant State, containing 252 
hymns. This was re-Issued in 1770, with a 
Supplement of 29 hymns ; and a 3rd ed. 
appeared in 1775, with on Appendix of 51 
hymns. This last was under the editorship 
of the Rev. Lawrence Conghlon. Two years 
later, on Coughlan's leaving Shoreditoh, an 
anonymous Collection appeared; and again, 
in 1782, under the pastorate of John Henry 
Meyer, a Selection containing 112 hymns. 
As Bailee's name is omitted from tlie edition 
published by Coughlan, some little confusion 
has arisen with regard to their respective 
claims. [W. T. B.] 

Be joyful In God, all ye lands of the 
earth. J. Montgomery. [P«, o.] Pub. in 
his Songs of Zion, 1822, in 4 st. of 4 1., and in 
his Poetieal Works, 1828 and 1810 ; but omitted 
from his Original Hymns, 1853. It is not in 
C. U. in Gh Britain ; but in America, from its 
appearance in the Prayer Bh. Coll., 1826, to 
the present, it has been included in numerous 
hymnals throughout the States, Orig. text 
in the American Baptist Praise Bk., N. Y„ 
1871, No. 255. 

Be known to us in breaking bread. 

J. Montgomery. {Holy Communion^] 1st ptib. 
in his Cliriitiatt Psalmist, 1825, No. 528, in 
2 st. of 4]., and entitled " The Family Table." 
It was subsequently republished in his Ori- 
ginal Hymns, 1853, No. 207, with tlie somo 
title. Its use is limited in its originnl form, 
but ns a part of tlie cento " Shepherd of souls, 
refresh and bless " (q.v.), it is widely known in 

Be love, delightful theme. B. Bed- 
dome. \Preciousneit of Christ.'] From his 
posthumous Hymns, &c, 1617, No. 74, in 6 st 
of 1 1., into a limited number of hymnals. 
In Maurice's Choral H. Bk., 1861, it is attri- 
buted to J. Montgomery in error. 

Be merciful, O God, to me. C. Wes- 
ley. [Ptalm Ivii.] Appeared in Pt. <fc Ilyt., 
1743, in S st.of 6 1. (P. Worlts, 1868-72. vol. 
viii. p. 127.) The hymn " My heart ia fixed, 
O God, iny heart," in the Sujipl. to the Wet. 
H.Bk. 1830, and the revised ed., 1875, is com- 
posed of st. vii., viii, ix. 

Be Thou, O God, by night, by day. 

[Morning.'} This anonymous hymn, which is 

tivou in many American collections, has not 
son traced beyond Cheevor's American Com- 
monplace Book of Poetry, N.Y. 1831, It is in 
the Plymouth Coll., 1855 ; Longfellow and John- 
son's Hys.ofike Spirit, 1864; and others, in 3 
st. of 4 1„ but always as " Anon." [W. T. B.] 

Be Thou ourftny] Guardian and our 
[my] Guide. I. Williams. [Divine Guid- 
ance sought.'] Appeared in his Hymns on ike 
Catechism, ]842, in 4 st. of 4 1. It is based 
on the petition in the Lord's Prayer, " And 
lead us not into temptation." In some col- 
lections it is changed from the plural to the 



singular throughout, as in H. A. & Af., revised 
dJ., 1875, No. 282, &c. It is given in several 
Collections in G, Britain and America. 

Be thou ready, fellow-mortaL [Beadi- 
new for Duty.l Appealed anonymously in 
the Unitarian Sys, for the Sanctuary, Boston, 
1849, No. 609. These By*., Ac, were edited 
by the Kev. 0. A. Bartot sud others, and are 
known as Bartdl's Coll. This hymn passed 
from that CoU. into the Supplement to Hedge 
& Hunting ton's Hys. of the Church of Christ, 
Boston, 1853, and again into other hymn-books. 

Baadon, Hyde Wyndham, m.a., b. in 
1812, and educated at Eton and at St. John's 
Coll., Cambridge, b.a„ 1835, m.a., 1839. 
Taking Holy Orders in 1836, he became, in 
1837, Vicar of Haselbury Plueknett, near 
Crewkerne, and,in 18S8, Vicar of Latton, Wilts. 
He is also Hon. Canon of Bristol, and Bural 
Dean. His hymns were pub. in The Parish 
Hymn Book, 1863 and 1875, of which he was 
co-editor with the Bev. G. Phillimore, and 
Bp. Woodford. To that collection, iit 1863, 
he contributed the following hymns ; — 

I. Fierce was the storm of wind. Eptyhany. 

a, Gloiy to thee, Lord, Who by," *c. Epiphany. 

This is usually given as, " All praise to Thee, G Lord, 
Who by," Ac., And is found in several hymnals. * 

3. God, Thy soldiere' crown. A tr. of " Deus tu- 
onim mllltum " (q.v.). 

This la sometimes given as, " Christ" &c. 

4. The Son of Man gball come. EpuAany. 

The peculiarity of these hymns Is that they arc all in 
s.v. Their use la somewhat limited, -with the excep- 
tion of Nos. 1 and 2. [J, J.] 

Beale, Mary, nee Craddock, dau. of 
Mr. Craddock, Minister of Walton-on-Thames, 
b. 1632, d. in Pall-Moll, 1637. She was distin- 
guished in painting, and her house was the 
resort of men of letters and eminence in 
various professions. Her versions of Pa. xiii., 
lii., lxx., aud exss. were included in Samuel 
Woodford's Paraphrase in English Verse, 
upon tli4 Boohs of the Psalms, 1667. The 
Version of Ps. lis. is given in Holland's 
Psalmists of Britain, 18-13, vol. ii. p. 76. 

Beat* noble gaudia Anni reduxit 
orbita. [Whitsuntide.] This hymn is 
sometimes ascribed to St. Hilary of Poitiers ; 
but as in the case of others, upon insufficient 
evidence. [See Hilary.] 

Tlie full text, in 6 st. of 4 1., is given in 
Daniel, i., No. 7, together with the Soman Brev. 
version, and a few references, and notes. 
JKone, No. 183, gives the text from ass. of 
the 13th and 14th centuries, supplies rcadinga 
therefrom and closes with a note. Daniel, iv. 
pp. 160-161, quotes Mone almost verbatim, and 
adds reailings from a Bheinan us. of the 11th 
cent. Tiie text is also found in two mss. of 
the 11th cent, in the BritUli Museum (Jul. A. 
vi. f. 53 b., Vesp. D. sii, f. 78); the Latin 
Hys. of the Anglo-Saxon Church, 1851, p. 93, 
where it is printed from an 11th cent MS. at 
Durham ; iu the Hymn. Sar., Lond. 1851, pp. 
113, 114; in Card. Newman's Hymnt EecUeiaej 
1838 and 1865 ; in Simroeli, 1868 ; and other 

As to the use or this hymn, we may remark tlwt In 
the Masarabic Brev. It Is the hymn at Lauds on Whit- 
sunday, and daily to Trinity Sunday; in the Sarum 
for Second Vespers on Whitsunday, and daily at Vespers 
during the weelc ; rink adds liret Yeepers as well; Clan- 
tarbury directs its use at VtsperBj so also St. Albans, 
but with the addition of two stations from the hymn at 


First Vespers on Whitsunday— " Jam Christus aalra." 
In Ihe Aom. Brev. It is the hymn at Lands on Whitsun- 
day, and through the octave to Trinity Sunday exclu- 
sively. Other tfreviaries of less importance also vary 
in their use. 

The Horn. Bret, text diiTere from the older form only 
In the two Instances : st. L, 1. 4, " EBuMt In discipulos,'' 
la changed to " Ulapna eat apostotis," and st. Iv., 1, 3, 
*' Socro dlerum numero," to " Socro dlerum cfm*to." 
Danitt draws attention toaourious question with regard 
to the word, «arac&ttM, or paracUtttt, in st. 1., 1.3, of 
this hymn. The last syllable but one, the penultimate, 
should have a long vowel. Here, however, it is short, 
as Sn PmdenttuB, COthtm. V., v. -ISO. On this point 
DaniA refere to davuntus (I*w. S. B. torn, ill. p. 263), 
and to a treatise by Jean Baptists Thiers (1*36-1103). 

This hymn must not be confounded with 
"Beata nobis gaudia dont militum aolemnia," 
given in Mone, No. 736, of which there are 
no frs. into English. [W. A. 8.] 

Translations in C. U. : — 

1, Atajnthe Hireling seasons toll. By W.J. Cope- 
land, appeared in his Hymits for the Week, &c, 
1848, p. 102, in 7 st. of 4 I. In 1850 it was 
reprinted in Stretton's Cliwreh Bys., sod, in a 
re-written form, ns "Again the circling year 
brings round," in the English Hymnal, 1852 and 
1861, being a change from cm. to l*w. Id this 
arrangement Caswall's tr, of 1849 was also used 
some what freely. 

8. Sail the joyful day's latum. By E. Campbell, 
was written for his St. Andrea's Hymnal, and 
pub. therein in 1850, In 3 st. of 8 1., and from 
thence passed into the Scottish Episcopal Coll., 
1858 ; and with the single change of the to this 
st. i. 1. 1 in Shipley's Annus Sancius, 1884. 

1. Bleat joys for mighty wonder* wrought By 
J. M. NeaJe, appeared in the 1st ed. of Hymnal 
Jf., 1853, No. 33. It has failed to win a position 
in the more important collections. 

4, Bound roll the weeks our hearts to greet By 
W. J. Blew, written cir. 1850, first printed on a 
broadsheet, and then in his Hymn and Tune 
Book, 1st ed., 1852, 2nd, 1855, in 4 st. of 8 1. 
It was also included in the People's H., 1867. 

5* Joy I beaa.UK idle cireling- year. By J. Ellerton 
nndF. J. A. Hort, made for and 1st pub. in Church 
Ilys,, 1871. In 1875 it was also included in 
H, A. $ if., No. 153, with the omission of the 
Inst four lines. Mr. Ellerton in his note on 
this hymn (Oh. Hys., folio ed., p. xliv.) attri- 
butes st. ii., "Like to quivering tongues of 
flame," to Bp. Mont's Ancient Hymns, 1837, 
in error. Mant has no tr, of the hymn. The 
stniisa is from Campbell's tr. as above. 

T ransl a ti ons not in 0. V* '. — 

1. The rolling year pursues Its way. Primtr, UOfl 
(possibly by J. Dryuen). This Is given in 0. Shipley's 
Annus Sanctttt, 1SS4, p. 163. 

2. The rowling year fiath now brought back. A. J. B, 
Hope F s Hymns. EC, IS44. 

S. Blest Is our Joy I The time bath come once more. 
Bp. J. Williams, -i»iefe»t Hymnt, ISIS. 

4. Again the slowly circling year. E. Caxwall, 1§49. 

s. Blest season ! which with gladness fraught. J. D. 
Chambers, ml. 

s. The circling year again, Jic WaUase, 19J4. 

1. Again amid the circling year. F. Trappet, 1665. 

[J. J.] 

Beaumont, Sir John, elder brother of 
Frtineis Beaumont, the dramatic writer, b. in 
1582, and educated nt Oxford. In 1626 he 
was created a baronet by King Oiarles L, d. 
in 1628. His writings include, The Grown of 
Thorns, a poem in 8 books (not now known 
to esistj; Bosworth Field and other Poems, 
1629; and Poems on religions and political 


subjects. He ia known to modem hymnals 
through one or two pieces only. His Poems 
have been reprinted by Dr. Grosart in his 
Fuller Worthies Library. 

Beaumont, Joseph, eldest e. of Bur John 
Beaumont; was b. March. 3, 1615, educated at 
Westminster, and Peter House, Cambridge, 
and d. Sept 3, 1652. His Original Poem* in 
English and Latin were pub. posthumously 
in 1749. In this work there is a fine poem 
on " Homo " (p. 8). This has been condensed 
into a hymn, beginning "As earth's pageant 
by." {Consecration to GW.) His 
(1st pub. 1617), together with selec- 
tions from liis Original Poems, Ac, were 




reprinted in Dr. Gros&rt's CherUey Worthies, 
1877-80, in 2 volumes, 

Beck, Thomas. Concerning this writer 
and compiler we have failed in gathering 
anything beyond the information contained in 
the title-pages of bis works, and that he con- 
tributed to the Gospel and Evangelical 
Magazines under the signature of "T. B." 
His works include ; — 

(1) Olule 0/ Ot Damb pleaded, 1191, Snd ed. ; (3) 
7%a MUtimary, a Poem, 1T9SJ (3) Tht JKiitot, a 
Potm, Il»6: (4) Poetic Jmutemenit, 1B09; (6) Mtgg 
on the Princett Charlcttt, 181?; (S) Hymnt calcu- 
lated fur tit Furptuet of PiMic, Scdal, and Imitate 
WortKip, collected, cowpaed, and or ranged under ttttr 
]>mptr heads fty J*w. Beck, Minister of the Gospel at 
Graveeend. Printed far the Author by T. Fisher, Roches- 
ter, mjjcclxxxu. 


From the last work- the hymn, " Jesus, I 
fwe] lift my [our] soul to Thee (H. Baptism), 
is taken. It is given in the M. Camp, now ed., 
1876, but previously appeared in Bickerstetk's 
Christ. Psalmody, 1833, [W. T. B .] 

Becker, Cornelius, s. of Adrian Becker, 
merchant of Leipzig, was b. at Leipzig, Oct. 
24, 1561. After studying at the University 
where lie graduated 1581, he kept a private 
school till his appointment, in the beginning 
of 1588, as one of the masters of the St. 
Thomas School, a post be vacated in Sept., 
1588, on being appointed diaconus at Koehli fcz. 
In 1592 he became diaconus, and in 159*, pastor 
of the church of St. Nicholas, Leipzig ; ami sub- 
sequently Professor of Theology in the Univer- 
sity, from which, in 1599, he received the de- 
greo of D.D. On account of false accusations 
fie was deprived of his charge on Juno 5, 1601, 
bnt was vindicated and restored on Nov. 28 
following. He d. suddenly at Ijeipzig, May 
25, 1G0-1 (Koeli, ii. 219-228 ; AUg. Deutsche 
Biog., ii. 221). He wrote a few hymns, but 
his principal work was bis version of the 
Psalter, 1U02. (See P*»U«n, German.) The 
only version tr. into Englisli is ; — 

Dm Herr lit mein eatnuer Hirt, Ssm i*h mloh 
hu Tsrtrane. IP*, xriii.] Appeared in S- Calvbiua'i 
ffarmonia Canliwutm BccUsfatticaTutA, Lctpoig, lfi9$ 
and then tn Decker's Der Psalter Davids Gesangweit, 
Leipzig, leu'i. Thence In Waekenagel, v., p. 369, iu3st. 
of 1 1„ entiiled "The Good Shepherd." In Bunsen'a 
Alia- O. B., 1848, No. 2. It li tr. is " My Shepherd le the 
Saviour dear," by Milt Dunn, 1SBJ, p. 19. [J. M,] 

Beoon, Thomas. [Old Version, § is. 9.] 

Beddome, Benjamin, m.a. Tliis 
prolific hymn-writer \ra? b. at Henley-in- 
Ardon, Warwickshire, Jan. 23, 1717, where 
his father, the Rev. John Beddome, was at 

that time Baptist Minister. He was ap- 
prenticed to a Burgeon in Bristol, but removing 
to London, he joined, iti 1739, the Baptist 
church in Prescott St, At the call of this 
church he devoted himself to the work of the 
Christian ministry, and in 1740 began to 
preach at Bourton-on-the-Water, in Glou- 
oestershire. Declining invitations to remove 
to London or elsewhere, he continued pastor 
at Bourton until his death, en Sep. 3, 1795, at 
the age of 78. Mr. Beddome was for many 
years one of the most respected Baptist 
ministers in the West of England, He was a 
man of some literary culture. In 1770 be 
received the degree of h.a. from Providence 
College, Bhode Island. He was the author of 
an Exposition of the Baptist Catechism, 1752, 
in great repute at the time, and reprinted by 
Dr. C. Evans in 1772. It was his practice to 
prepare a hymn every week to be sung after 
his Sunday morning sermon. Though not 
originally intended for publication, he allowed 
thirteen of these to appear in the Bristol Bnpt. 
Coll. of Ash St Evans (1769), and thirty-six 
in Dr. Rippon's Bapt. 8tl. (1787), whence a 
number of them found their way into the 
General Bapt if. Bk of 1793 and other collec- 
tions. Inl817,oposthumous collection of his 
hymns was pub., containing 830 pieces, with 
an introduction by the Rov. Robert Hall, and 
entitled " Hymns adapted to Public Worshipor 
Family Devotion, novo first published from tlte 
Manuscripts of the late Bev. B. Beddome, m.a." 

Preface dated "Leicester, Kov. 10. 1B1T." Same of 
the early copies bear the same date od the tltlepage. 
Copies bearing both the 1B1T and IBIS dak's an in the 
Brit. Mat. The date usually glv?n is 1SIB. Some 
hymns are also appended to bis ofermertf, seven vi%, of 
which were pub. lucs-isis; and over twenty are given 
in the Baptitt Jiegister of various dates, 

Beddome's hymns were commended by Mont- 
gomery as embodying one central idea, "always 
important, often striking, and sometimes inge- 
niously brought out." Robert Hall's opinion is 
just, when in his " Recommendatory Preface " 
to the Hymns, &c, he says, p. vii. : — 

" The man of taste will be gratified with the beauty 
and original turns of thought which many of them ex- 
hibit, while the experimental Christian will often per- 
ceive the moat secret movements of his soul strikingly 
delineated, sod sentiments pourtrayed wblcb will llnu 
their echo in every heart," 

With the exception of a few composed for 
Baptisms and other special occasions, their 
present use in 6. Britain is limited, but in 
America somewhat extensive. One of the 
best is the Ordination Hymn, " Father of 
Mercies, bow Thine enr." Another favourite 
is ' J My times of sorrow and of joy," composed, 
by a singular coincidence, to be sung on 
Sunday, Jan. 14, 1778, the day on which his 
son died, most unexpectedly, in Edinburgh, 
" Let party names no more," is very popular 
both in G. Brit, and America. " Faith, tie a 
precious gift," " Witness, ye men and angels, 
now," and tho hymn for Holy Baptism, 
" Buried beneath the yielding wave,'' tire also 
found in many collections, Beddome's popu- 
larity is, however, now mainly in America. 

[W. B. S.] 

Li addition to about 40 of Beddome's 
hymns in C. U. which are annotated in this 
Dictionary under their respective Hut lines, 
theri' nro also th<? following 69, all of which 


ore in O. U. either in G. Brit, or America, in 
the former to a limited extent, and in the 
latter somewhat extensively. 

1. AH glory be to Sim Who esme. Holy Bap- 
tism. From his posthumous Hymns, &c., 1817, 
No. 698, in 4 st of 4 1. into late eds. of Sippon, 

1. Almighty God, nnjrtt The*. Prayer for 
guidance. No. 336 of his .Hymns, &c, 1817, in 
4 st. of 41. 

». And shall I [we] tit alone t Hope reviving. 
No. 186 of his Hymns, etc, 18 17, in 4 st of 4 1., 
and No. 508 in the Amor. Get. Reformed Hys. 
of the Church, N. Y., 1869. It is also in several 
other hymnals. 

*. Arise, Then Bitght and Kerning Star. Christ, 
the Morning Star. No. 106, in 3 st. of 4 1., in 
his Hymns, &c, 1817. 

I. Awake, awake, my heart and tongue. Pas- 
siontide. This is No, 371, in his Hymns, &c, 
1817, in 4 st. of 3 1. Stanzas iL-iv. had, how- 
ever, previously appeared in the 10th ed. of 
Rippon's Sel., 1800,as No. 383, pt.ii., beginning, 
" To Htm, Who on the fatal tree." 

6. Awake, awake Thou mighty arm. Missions. 
This was pub. in the 10th ed. of Rippon's Set., 
1800, No. 420. pt iv. in 3 st. of 4 1., and again 
in Beddome's Hymns, &e., 1817, No. 698. In 
Spnrgeon's O. 0. H. Bk. it is No. 963. 

7. Behold the day is come. Judgment : Second 
Advent. Pub. in his Hymns, &c, 1817, No. 798, 
in 4 st. of 4 1. In America it is given in the 
Baptist Praise Bk., N. Y-, 1871 ; Songs for the 
Sanctuary, 1665, Sec, Not in use in G. Britain. 

8. Behold the Sunaoh, when baptised. Holy 
Baptism. Pub. in the 1st ed. of Rippon's Sel., 
1787, No. 471, in 7 st. of 4 L, as "The holy 
Eunuch, when baptized," but in Beddomes 
Hymns, Ac, 1817, No. 625, it is given as " Be- 
hold the Euncch," Jcc, It is known, however, 
to the hymnals as in Rippon's Set., "The holy 
Ennnch, when baptised." 

S. Burden'd with guilt and pale with fear. J^ent, 
Pub. in the Bristol Coll. of Ash and Evans, 1769, 
No. 216, in 3 st. of 4 1-, and agaiu in Beddome's 
Hymns, tie., 1817, No. 132. 

Id. Oan sinners hop* for heaven 1 The Unbe- 
llet>ers. Pub. in his Hymns, &&, 1817, No. 400, 
in 4 at. of 4 1., with the hendiog, "The Unrigh- 
teous excluded from heaven." It is in several 
American collections, including Laades Domini, 
N. Y., 1884, No. 558, 

II. Come, Holy Spirit, oonu ; With entity, *». 
Whitsuntide. Appeared in the 10th ed. of Rip- 
pon's Set., 1800, No. 211, pt. it., in 4 st of 4 1. 
Also in Beddome's Hymns, etc., 1817, No. 132. 

It, Oome, Java, heaTSnly Teaohar, some. Christ 
the Teacher. Given as No. 128 in his Hymns, 
be., 1817, in 3 st. of 4 1., and from thence iuto 
the Anier. Presb. P$. $ Hys., Richmond, 1867. 

11, Corns, Then Eternal Spirit, some. Whitsun- 
tide. No. 142 of his Hymns, &c, 1817, in 3 st. 
of 4 1., and the Aroer. Bap. Praise Bk., N. Y., 
1871, No. 511. 

14* Oome, ye humble, oontrite souls, Holy Bap- 
tism. Adult Baptism is contemplated in this 
hymn, and " Candidates " are encouraged there- 
in to proceed to the Holy Rite. Pub. in his 
Hymns, tee., 1817, No. 613, in 4 st. of 6 1. It 
is given in Jate editions of Rippon's Sel. 

1*. Death 'tie [is] aa t*M word. Death. On 


the " Death of a Sinner," in his Hymns, &c, 
1817, No. 780, in 5 st. of 4 1., and from thence 
into the 37th ed, of Rippon's Sel., 1827, No. 580, 

IB. Bid Christ rfar aumera weep t Before Ser- 
mon. Given in the 1st ed. of Rippon's Set., 
1767, No. 367, in 3 st. of 4 ]., and again in Bed- 
dome's Hymns, Are., 1817, No. 587. It is in ex- 
tensive use in America. 

17, Best Then my profit seek t Chastisement. 
This short hymn in 3 st. of 4 1., entitled, "Sub- 
mission under Affliction." was included in Rip- 
pou's Sel., 1st ed,, 1787, No, 540, and signed, 
"Beddome," It is not found, however, in this 
form in Beddome's Hymns, tic, 1817, but No, 
223, " Does the Lord my profit seek," in 2 st. 
of 8 1., is either the original of that in Sippon, 
or is based thereupon. 

II, Saoh other we have owned; Parting. From 
his Hym-a, &c., 1817, No. 665, in 5 st. of 4 1., 
into a few Elections, 

IS. Sternal Sonne of every good. Opening of a 
Place of Worship. Dr. Hatfield, in his Amer. 
Church H. Bk., N.Y., 1872, dates this hymn 1790. 
This may possibly arise from its appearance in a 
work with which we are unacquainted. It was 
included in Beddome's Hymns, esc, 1817, No. 
732. It is in a few hymnals. 

10. father of Mercies, bow Thine ear, Attentive 
to, In. For Missions. Given in the 1st ed. of 
Rippon's Sel., 1787, No. 426, in 6 st of 4 1., and 
again in Beddome's Hymns, esc, 1817, No, 700. 

11. Tnther of XeroUt, Oed of love, Send down, to. 
Holy Spirit. In his Hymns, &c, 1817, No. 141, 
on the "In-dwelling of the Spirit," in 4 st. of 
4 1. It is found in a few Church of England 

11, Fountain of blessing, ever blest, For Daily 
Bread. 1st pnb. in the Bristol Coll. of Ash & 
Evans, 1769, No, 42, in4st. of 41., and again in 
Beddome's Hymns, &c, 1817, No. 341, from 
whence it has passed Into Inter collections. 

13, Irom Thy dear pierced side. Passiontiie. 
Included in his Hymns, &c, 1817, No. 94, in 

3 st. of 6 1., on the " Fountain opened." It is 
found i|i several American collections, as the 
Amer. Heth. Erase Hymns, 1819, the Service of 
Song for Bap. Churches, Boston, 1B71, &c. 

St, Go fbrtfr, ye saints, behold your Xing [Lord], 
Jftsstons or Second Advent Appeared in the 
10th ed, of Rippon's Sel., 1800, No. 421, pt. iv., 
in 4 st. of 4 1. and headed, "Saints longing to 
sec their King with Bis many crowns." It was 
repeated in Beddome's Hymns, dec, 1817, No, 
702, It is given in a limited number of collec- 
tions; and in Spnrgeon's 0. 0. II. Bk. it is dated 
1.818 in error. 

St. Great God, 'tis from Thy sovereign grace, 
Grace. This hymn on 1 Cor. xv. 8, was given 
in the 10th ed. of Rippon's Sel., 1800, in 4 st. of 

4 l.j and in Beddomes Hymns, ic, 1817, No. 10. 
SS, Great Ood, to The* 111 make, Hope. No. 

231, pt. ii,, in the 10th ed* of Rippon's Set,, 
1800 ; and in Beddome's Hymns, 1817, No. 478, 

S7, Great God of Frevldenoe, Thy ways, Provi-. 
dence. Included in the 1st ed, of Rippon's Set., 
1787, No. 35, in 4 st. of 4 1. It passed from 
thence into a few of the earlier collections, and 
was repub. in Beddome's IIymrts,&c, 1817, No. 40. 

SB. Great God, my maker and my King. Justice 
and Goodness of God. Also in the 1st ed. of 


Rippon'a Bel, 1787, No. 18, in 4 at. of 4 L, and 
in Beddome's Hymns, be, 1817, No. 11. 

89. How fro end boundless tt the grao*. Jres- 
wss 0/ Ww tfa»pei. la Kippon's £W., 1st ed., 
1787, No. 362, in 4 st. of 4 I., and again Id 
Beddome's Hymns, be, 1817, No. 373, with an 
additional at. "Come, without money, without 

30. Sow great, how solemn la tb* work. Adult 
Baptism, lat in Rippon'a BeL, let ed., 1787, 
No. 453, in 6 st. of 4 1., and appointed for use 
on the "Horning before Baptism; or, at the 
waterside." It was repeated in Beddome's 
.Hymns, ire, 1817, No. 619. 

SI. Bow man; doubts and fan* prevail. Zent. 
Given in the Bristol Coll. of Aah & Evans, 1769, 
No. 218, in 3 at. of 4 1., and again in Beddome'a 
Hymns, &c, 1817, No. 435. 

U. If went fraud should dwell. Sincerity. 
No. 283, in the 1st ed. of Rippon'a Bel., 1787, in 

3 st. of 4 1., and No. 232, in Beddome'a Hymn), 
be, 1817. 

33. Ia all my ways, EM. Family Altar. 
From his Bjfnuw, &c., 1817, No. 568, in 3 at. of 

4 L, into modem eds. of Kippou's Bel., No. 514. 

Si. In dutiot and in tufferingi too. Christ, the 
Example. From his Hymns, die., 1817, No. S3, 
in 3 at. of 4 1., into the Amer. Unitarian Hy. [A- 
2W] Bk., Boston, 1888, No. 409. 

8*. Joins, delightful, inarming Hum. Jtdme of 
Jesus, An imitation of Newton's "How sweet 
the Name of Jesus sounds," given in the Hymns, 
&c., 1817, No. 108, in 5 st. of 4 1. It ie found 
in several American collections, including the 
Hap. Praise Bk., N. Y., 1871, No. 459. 

SB. Jtsiu, my love, my eMef delight. Christ, 
the Gift of God. Thia is No. 171 in the 1st ed. 
of Kippon's Stl., 1787, in 5 st. of 4 I,, and No. 
96 in Beddome's Hymns, &c, 1817. 

87. Jeaui, my Saviour, bind me fait. Union 
Kith Christ. From his Hymns, be, 1817, No. 
557, in 4 st. of 4 1., into the Amer. Preab. Pa. 
f Hys,, Richmond, 1887, No. 243, and several 
other American collections. 

38. Jeans, my Saviour, lot me be. Conformity 
to Christ. Also from hii Hymns, be, 1817, No. 
199, in 4 st. of 4 1., into the same Ps. $ Hys., 
Richmond, 1867, No. 79. 

SB. Jetua, when faith with fixed eyea. Passion- 
tide. Appeared in a Coll. of Hys. for the Use 
of Christians of all Jhnominations, 1782 -, again 
in Kippon's Set, 1st ed. 1787, No. 477, in 5 at, 
of 4 1. ; and again, aa " A view of Christ's 
sufferings," In Beddome'a Hymns, be, 1817, 
No. 60. ft is a good example of the author's 
powers. In Spnrgeon's 0. 0. H. Bk., No. 819, 
it is dated 1818 in error, 

40. lorf, incline my wandering heart Fear of 
he Lord, From the Hymns, be, 1817, No. 167, 
in 3 st. of 6 1., into modern editions of Nippon's 
Sel., No. 226, pt. iii. 

11. lord, though bitter is the oup. Patience. 
This hymn is in two forms. The first waa given 
by Dr. Rippon in his Bel., 1787, No. 264, in 3 at 
of 4 1., aa " Dear Lord, though bitter is the cap ;" 
nod the second is No. 206 in Beddome'a Hymns, 
as " Lord, though bitter," itc. In Kippon's Set. 
it is in L. tt., and in the Hymns, be, in 7's. 

11. Lord, with a grieved and aebiag heart. Lent : 
the Publican. Given in the lat ed. of Eippon'a &£, 


1787, No. 236, in 3 st. of 41., and in the Hymn*, 
be, 1817, No. 477. It is in C. IT. In America, 
as in The Service of Song for Bapt. Churches, 
Boston, 1871. 

IS. Love it the fountain whence. Love to God. 
From his Hymns, &c., 1817, No, 192, in 4 sL of 
4 1., into the Amer. Sap. PraiseBk, N.T., 1871. 

14. Hy tew revolving yean, ffeto Year. From 
his Hymns, die, 1817, No. 711, in 3 at. of 4 1., 
into the American Sabbath H. Bk., N. Y. t 1858, 
No. 1160. It ia also given aa " Ovr few revolv- 
ing years," in several American hymnals. 

It. Xy rising soul with ittni loairos. Com- 
munion with God. 1st pnb, in the Bristol Coll. 
by Ash & Evens, 1769, No. 265, in 3 st. of 4 1. 
From thence it passed into Kippon's Bel., 1787, 
No 97. It waa alao included in Beddome'a 
Hymns, &«., 1817, No. 561. 

4t. blest society. Unity, From hia Hymns, 
ftc, 1817, No. 637, in 4 it. of 4 1., into modern 
editions of Kippon's Set., No, 258, pt, iii, 

IT. Lord, Thou art my Lord, Joining the 
Church. This hymn, for the use of a person 
about to be admitted into Church fellowship, is 
from Beddome'a Hymns, &c, 1817, No, 646, in 
5 st. of 4 L It is found in a few collections 
both in G. Britain and America. 

18, Lord, Thy perfect word. Holy Scriptures. 
In his Church Hymn Bk., N. Y., 1872, Dr. Hat- 
field dates this hymn 1760. This date may 
possibly be from a magazine. We trace the 
hymn only to Beddome's Hymns, be*, 1817, No. 
686, in 3 st of 4 1. 

19. On Britain, long a favoured iale. Prayer for 
National Peace. 1st pub. as No. 17 in the 
Snpp. added to the 3rd ed. of the Bristol Coll. of 
Ash & Evans, 1778. It was repeated in Rip. 
pon's Bel., 1787, and other collections, and in 
Beddome's Hymns,be, 1817, No. 747, in 5st, of 41. 

(0. On wingi of love the Christian ties, Heaven- 
ward. Appeared in the 1st ed. of the Bristol 
Coll. of Ash & Evans, 1769, No. 282, in 4 st. of 
4 1., and repeated in Beddome's Hymns, be, 
1817, No. 545. 

SI. Shout, rVir the blessed Jeans reigns. Mis* 
sions. 1st pub. in the lBt ed. of the Bristol 
Coll. of Ash & Evans, 1769, No. S73, in 6 st. of 
4 1., then in Kippon's &?., 1787, No. 429, and 
others among the older collections, and theDce 
to modern hymnals. It ia No. 706 of Beddome'a 
Hymns, be, 1817. 

S3. So fair a ftee bedewed with tears. Com- 
passion of Christ. This, at one time a favourite 
hymn, was given in Kippon's Sel^ 1787, No. 
484, in 4 it. of 4 1., and in Beddome's Hymns, 
be, 1817, No. 70. It ja still in C. U. 

S3. Sprinkled with rseeneiling Wood, Access to 
God. No. 357, in 4 st. of 4 1., in Rippou's Sel., 
1787 ; and No. 403, in Beddome's Hymns, &c., 

H. Strait the gate, the way ia narrow. The 
Siratt Gate, From the Hymns, be, 1817, No. 
348, in 4 it. of 6 1. into the 27th ed. of Rippon'a 
Bel,, 1827, with the omission of st. ir. 

SS, The mighty Rod wOl not despite. The Pro- 
digal, 1st pub. in the Bristol Coll. of Ash & 
Evana, 1769, No. 226, in 4 st. of 41., then in 
Kippon's Sel., 1787, No. 273, and again in Bed- 
dome's Hymns, be, 1817, No. 349. 

SS. The wandering star, the J fTtf-g wind. Inr 


emsistency. This 1st appeared ia Rippon's Sel., 
1787, No. 310, in 5 st. of 4 1., then in Bed- 
dome's .Hymns, &c., 1817, No. SIS, and is now in 
C. U. In America it is given in the Unitarian 
Hy. $ Tune Bk., Boston, 1868, No. 563. 

•7. Then U a world «f psrfeet Uiaa. Heaven. 
From his Hymns, &c, 1817, No. 832, in 7 st. of 

4 L into the Amer. Bap. Praise Bk., 1871, No. 
1072, with the omission of at. ii., iii., and vii. 

ffl. Ihis world's a dreary wilderness. Christ, 
the Befuge. Included in hie Hymns, &c, 1817, 
No. 100, in b St. of 4 1. In the Amer. Bap. Hy. 
[e? Tune'] Bk., Phila., 1871, No. i. and v., 
with the addition of another stansa as No. ii., 
are given as " This world would be a wilderness." 

(>. Wait, my lonl, thy IAu>i will. Wis- 
dom of God. Given in the 1st ed. of Rippon's 
Bel., 1787, No. 11, in 4 st. of 4 1., and ia Bed- 
dome's Hymns, &c, 1817. No. 18, and headed in 
each instance, "The Wisdom of God." In the 
American collections it is usually abbreviated by 
the omission of st. iv., as in the Bap. Praise Bk,, 
N. Y,, 1871, No. 153, or St. iii. and iv., and 
slightly altered, as in Longfellow and Johnson's 
Hy*. of the Spirit, Boston, 1864, No. 454. 

60. When Adam sinned, through all his race. 
The Fait. From his Hymns, etc., 1817, No. 260, 
in 6 st. of 4 1., into the American Church Pas- 
torals, Boston, 1864, No. 750, with the omission 
of st. ii. and iv. 

61. When by the tempter's wiles betrayed. The 
Fall. No. 122 in Rippon's Sel., 1787, and No. 
26 1 in Beddome's Hymns, Asfc, 1817, in 5 st. of 4 1. 

SI. When Israel through the desert passed. 
Light shining in darkness. Contributed to the 
Bristol Colt, of Ash & Evans, 1760, No. 80, in 

5 st of 4 I. and headed, "The Excellency of the 
Divine Word." It was repeated in Kippon's 
Set, 1787, No. 44, and in Beddome's Hymns, &c., 
1817, No. 679. 

tl. When storm* hang o'er the Christian's head. 
6od our Befuge. Also in the Bristol Coll., 1769, 
No. 406, in 4 st. of 4 1., and in Beddome's Hymns, 
1817, No. 323. This hymn is sometimes given 
as " When storms hang o'er my head " ; and as 
" When storms hang o'er the children's heads." 

44. Where'er the blustering; north»wind blows. 
Missions. Given in the 10th ed, of Rippon's 
Set., 180O, No. 420, pt. ii., in 3 St. of 4 i., and 
in Beddome's Hymns, &c., 1817, No. 701. In 
Kippon'a Sel., st. iii. is altered from UedJome's vs. 

81. Why, my soul, why weepest thou 1 Tin 
Spiritual Mourner. Contributed to the Bristol 
Call, of Ash & Evans, 1769, No. 221, in 3 st. of 
4 1., and repeated in Rippon's Set., 1787, No. 274, 
and in Beddome's Hymns, &c, 1817, No. 520. 

BS. Witness, ye men and angels now. J'oining 
the Church. From his Hymns, &c, 1817, No. 
647, in 4 st. of i 1., into the Bap. Ps. $ Hymns, 
1858, No. 710, unaltered. 

87. Ye trembling sonli, dismiss yenr fears. 
Trust. Pub. in Rippon's Sal., 1787, No. 288, in 

6 st. of 4 1., and in Beddome's Hymns, &c, 1817, 
No. 549, with the omission of St. vi. The omission 
of that stanza would soem to indicate that it was 
added to the original hymn by Dr. Rippon. In 
Windle's Coll., No. 443, Rippon's test is repeated, 
with the omission'of st. ii. 

88. To worlds of light that roll so near, Christ, 
the Morning Star. Contributed to the Bristol 


Coll. of Ash & Evans, 1769, No. 112, in 5 st. of 4 1., 
and in Rippon's Set., 1787, No. 160, in each case 
with st. iv. bracketed for omission. In Beddome's 
Hymns, La., 1817, No. 107, this stanza, which is 
specially adapted to the Epiphany, is omitted. 

88. Tonr work, ye aiinta, ii not comprised. Adult 
Holy Baptism. From his Hymns, &c, 1817, 
No. 632, in 6 st. of 4 1. into the 27th ed. of 
Bippon's Set., 1827, No. 470, pt. ii., and thence 
to later collections. 

Beddome is thus seen to be in C. U. to the 
extent of about 100 hymns. In this respect 
he exceeds every other Baptist hymn-writer ; 
Mis* Steele ranking' second. 

The authorities for Beddome's hymns are : (1) -** CeU. 
of Hymn* adapted to Public Worship, Bristol, W. tine, 
1769, the Ooll. of Ash k Evans; (2) Dr. Rippon's Set. list, 
and later editions ; (3) Sfcrmon* printed Jhm theJtcmu- 
tcripts of tfte tate Rtn. Benjamin Beddome, M.A., . . .with 
brief Memoir of the Author, Dunstable b Lend., 1805- 
1819; [«)Dr, Itipptrti'e Baptist Kegitttf, lTBS, *e.i (*) 
The Beddome uea. in tlio ttsptiet CVllcge, Bristol ; («)and 
Hymns adapted to Public Worship, of tvmity Devotion, 
new first published, from Jfanurcrtpti of the late Hev. B. 
Beddome, AJf. With a Recommendatory Preface by 
the lien. Ii. Sail, A.M. Lond., 1811. In his Preface, 
Mr, Hall gives this account of the Beddome Mes. :-■ 
11 The present Editor was entrusted several years ago 
with the uss., both in prose and verse, with permission 
from the late Messrs. B. & B. Beddome, sons of the 
Autbor, to publish such parts of them as he miglit 
deem proper. He is also indebted to a descendant of 
the Rev, w. Christian, formerly pastor of the Baptist 
Church at Sheepshead, Leicestershire, for some of the 
Author's valuable hymns, which had been carefully 
preserved in the iamtly. From both these sources, as 
well as others of less consequence, the present interest- 
ing volume has been derived," [J. J,] 

Beds, Beda, or Baeda, the Vener- 
able. This eminent and early scholar, gram- 
marian, philosopher, poet, biographer, histo- 
rian, and divine, was 6. in 673, neat the place 
where, shortly afterwards, Benedict Biscop 
founded the sister monasteries of Wearmoutn 
and Jarrow, on an estate conferred upon him 
by Ecgfrith, or Ecgfrid, king of Northumbrin, 
possibly, aa tlie Eev. 8. Baring-Gould, Live* 
of the Saints (May), p. 399, suggest*, " in the 
parish of Monkton, which appears to hare 
been one of the earliest endowments of the 
monastery." His education was carried on at 
one or other of the monasteries under the care 
of Benediot Biscop until his death, and then 
of Ceolfritb, Benedict's successor, to such effect 
thatat the corlyageofnineteen he was deemed 
worthy, far his learning and piety's sake, to be 
ordained deacon by St John of Beverley, who 
was then bishop of Hexham, in 691 or G92. 
From the same prelate he received priest's 
orders ten years afterwords, in ot about 702. 
The whole of liis after-life ho spent in study, 
dividing his time between the two monasteries, 
which were the only home lie was ever to 
know, and in one of which (that of Jarrow) 
he died on May 26th, 735, and whero his 
remains reposed until the 11th century, when 
they were removed to Durham* and re-interred 
in tho same coffin aa those of St. Cuthbeit, 
where thoy were discovered in HOI. 

It is unnecessary here to enter at further 
length into the details of Bale's quiet if labo- 
rious life, as the reader will find an exhaustive 
account of them by Bishop Stubhs of Ohestor, 
in Smith and Wace'a lMct. of Christian Biog., 
vol. i. pp. 800-301. It would be stilt more 
out of place in u work of this kind to discuss 
his writing.-! generally. Ho was a voluminous. 


author upon almost every subject, and as an 
historian Lis contribution to English history 
in the shape of his Miliaria Eodetiatliea is 
invaluable. Bnt it is with him as a hymnisl 
that we bare to do here. 

I. In the list of his works, which Bede 
raves at the end of his Ecclesiastical HUtory, 
he enumerates a Liber Hymnorttm, containing 
hymns in " several sorts of metre or rhyme.'' 
The extant editions of this work are : — 

(1) Edited by Qwsundtr, sod published it Cologne, 
1W6; C2)lnWeni»dorf , si'o«toeLa(.ifi».,vol. II. pp.239- 

II. Bede's contributions to the stores of 
hymnology were not large, consisting prin- 
cipally ofll or at most 12 hymns ; his author- 
ship of some of these oven is questioned by 
many good authorities, such as Koch, vol, i 
p. 79. Daniel, however, in vol. i. pp. 201- 
203, claims the following as having been 
written by Bede, on the authority of Caiiander, 
EUinger, Thomaxiun, Bambaeh, and others. 

I. "Hymnum conamue aioriae" (Attention'). This 
floe hymn is found in (be York Hymnal, and was 
therefore in use in the services of the Church. 3. 
« Adeste Christl vocibus " (Nativity ef B. V. At.). 3. 
" Apostolorum glorias " (S& Peter and Pauly. 4. 
"Emltte Christi Splrltua" (Pentecott). ». "Hymnum 
canentca martyrum" (Ins Holy Innocenti). fi, u II. 
lu*it alma sacculjs " {St. Affnct). T. " Nunc Andrew 
solemnis " (St. Andrew). 8. " Praeceesor slmus gnv 
tiae" (Beheading qf St. John Baptiit). 0. " 1'necursor 
altos lumlnls" (St. John the Baptitt). 10. "Primo 
Deus ooeli globum" (^mn on the Creation), a long 
hymn of 11« lines. II. "Solve, tropwntn glorlae" 
(St. Andrew'* Addrett to hit Crou). To these Jfont, 
vol. U p. JtS>l, adds, 12. " Ave eaeer Christi sanguis" 
(On ike JReeation of the Chalice\ as claimed for Bede, 
bnt disallows tbe claim, and assigns n very late date to 
It. Of tbeae Nos. 1 to ID ate referred to In Daniel, i., 
dxxiL-clxxxll. ; No. S in XGnifftfcbl, with (r, into 
German ; and No. 11, with words of marked commenda- 
tion, tn Trench, 3rd. ed. p. 219. Details of the (r*. of 
Nos. l, 6, 9, 10 are given under their respective first 
latin lines. 

While we cannot look for the refined and 
mellifluous beauty of later Latin liymnists in 
the works of one who, like the Venerable Bede, 
lived in the infancy of ecclesiastical poetry ; 
and while we must acknowledge tho loss that 
such poetry sustains by the absence of rhyme 
from so many of the hymns, and the pre- 
sence in some of what Dr. Neale calls such 
"frigid conceits "as the epanalepsls (as gram- 
marians terai it) where the first line of each 
stanza, as in "Hymnum oonentes Martyruin," 
is repeated as the last ; still the hymns with 
which we are dealing are not without their 
peculiar attractions. They are full of Scrip- 
ture, and Bede was very land of introducing 
the actual words of Scripture as port of bis 
own composition, and often with great effect. 
Neale notes two instances : — 

(1) In " Hymnum canentes Martyruiu " — 
u Qui semlnant in lacrymia, 
Lcmgo nietent In gaudlo." 
and (2) in " Hymnum ennanms gloria* — 
Rogavlt aula dvlqm. 
Outs, inqnit, est Rex Glorlae r 
Rex lste tarn landabills," 

That Bede was not free from the supersti- 
tion of his time is certain, not only from his 
prose writings, but from such poems as his ele- 
giac " Hymn on Virginity," written in praise 
and honour of Queen Etheldrida. the wife of 
King Ecgfrith, nnd inserted in his EccUtim- 
tieal History, bk. iv., cap, xx. ' [D, S. W.J 



Beecher, Charles, s. of the well-known 
Dr. Lyman Becchor, whose autobiography he 
chiefly edited, and hrothcr of Henry Ward 
Bceeher.wosb. at Litchfield, Connecticut, 1815. 
Mr, Beechcr was for some time a Congrega- 
tional pastor at Georgetown, Mass. He has 
pub. Eetoiew of Spiritual Manifestations, 1853; 
Pen Picture* of the Bible, 1855, && His 
hymns were contributed to his brother's Ply- 
mouth Collection, 1855, and include: — 

1. There'* rest la tbe grave. Heaven. 

0, We are on oar journey home, Jlcarcn. 

The latter is in the more extensive use, bnt 
both are unknown to the English collections. 

[F. M, B.] 

Beflehl du delne Wege. P. Gerhardl. 
[Trust in God.'] This hymn, which Laux- 
mann in Koch, viii. 392, calls " Tiie most com- 
forting of all the hymns that have resounded 
on Paulus Gerhnrdt's golden lyre, sweeter to 
many souls than honey and the honey-comb," 
appeared as No. 833 in the Frankfurt ed., 1656, 
of auger's Praxis yietatis melica. Thence 
in Wackernagel's ed. of his GeisUiche lAeder, 
No. 66, and Bachmann's ed., No. 72, in 12 st. 
of S Mate, and included as No. 620 in tho 
Unv. L. S., 1851. It is an acrostic on Luther's 
version of Pa. xxxvii, 5, " Beflehl dem Herren 
deino Wege und hoffe auf ihn, cr wirds nohl 
moclien," formed by thu initial words of tho 
stanzas, those in Wyckernagel's ed. being 

C" itcd in blacker type. Tltis acrostic form 
been preserved by Jacohi and Sttillybras*. 

According to tradition It was written in a Saxon 
village to console his wife after being compelled to leave 
Berlin. But,asalrcadyslated, the hymn was pub, in 
1G5S, and though Gerhardl hud to leave bis office tn 
160ft, be did not leave Berlin till his appointment to 
LUubcn in 1W9. while his wife died in Berlin in 1648. 

The hymn soon spread over Germany, found its way 
Into all the hymn-books, and ranks as one of tbe finest 
hymns of Its class. L&uzmann relates that It was 
flung when tbe foundation stone of tbe first Lutheran 
church at Philadelphia was laid, Hay 2, 1T1S, and again 
en Oct. 20, when the Father of the American Lutheran 
Church, Helnrlch Melcbior Muhlenberg;, held the opening 
service. He also relates that Queen Luiae of Russia, 
during the time when Gumiany was downtrodden by 
Napoleon J,, came to Ortelshurg in East Prussia, awt 
there, on Dec. 6, 180G, wrote in her dliiry the verses of 
Goethe (WUIusIm Jfristtr, Bh. 11, Chap. xiiL), thus 
icndered by Thomas Carlyle;— 

Who never ate his bread in sorrow, 

Who never spent the darksome hours 

Weeping and watching for the morrow, 

He knows ye not, ye gloomy Powers. 

To earth, this weary earth, ye bring us. 

To guilt ye let us heedless go. 
Then leave repentance fierce to wring us : 
A moment's guilt, an age of woe ! 

But drying her tears she went to the harpsichord, and 
from Goethe turned to Gcrhardt, and played and sang 
this hymn. In bis note, extending ftom p. MS to 
p. 405, Latamann gives many other instances of its 
consoling effects, and says of it, " Truly a hymn 
which, ns Lnther's ' Ein feste Burg,' Is surrounded by 
a cloud of witnesses." 

Translations in C. U. : — 

Commit then all thy griefs. A noble but free 
tr., omitting st. v., ix.-ii., by J. Wesley in H. 
and Saa-ed Poena, 173fl (P. Works, 1868-72, 
vol. i. p. 135), in 8 St. of 8 1. Though free, 
it has in far greater measure than aay other 
caught the ring and spirit of Gerhartt. Included 
as No. 37 in the -ff. and Bpir. Songs, 1753, andas 
Nos. 103-104 in the Ptx&et H. Bk., 1785, but 
not included in the Wbt. H. Bk., till ns Nos, 673, 



674 in the Supplement of 1S30 (st. iii. t 11. 4-8, 
being omitted), and thence as No. 631 in the oil. 
of 1875. This tr. has come into very extended 
use, but generally abridged; Mercer, In the 
1857 ad. of his C. P. and H. Bk,, giving it in 
full, but abridging it to 8 at. in hisOi.ed., 1364, 
Among recent collections it is found under its 
original first line in the Bapt. Ps. andHys., 1858, 
Sanaa H, 1868, Irish Ch. Hymnal, 1873, Scot- 
tish Presb. Hymnal, 1876, Horder*s Cong. Hys., 
1884, and others ; and in America in the Ply- 
mouth Coll., 1855, Sabbath H. St., 1858, H. and 
Songs of Praise, N. Y., 1874, Evang. Hymnal, 
N. Y., 1880, and many others. In the United 
Presb. H. Hi., 1852, it began, " To God commit 
*hy griefs." It is also found as follows : — 

1. " Thon onlhe Lord rely " (Wesley's iii.), In Knight's 
all., Dundee, 1871-14. 

1. " Thy everlasting truth " (Wesley's v.), In Adams's 
C*. Pastorals, Boston, U.S., JB6*. 

3. "Give to the winds thy fears" (Wesley's ix.l, in 
Kennedy, 1863, and many English and American Colls, 

4. " cast away thy fears " (Wesley's ix. altered), 
in Crtited Preib. H. Bk„ 1863. 

6, " Through wavesand clouds and storms " (Wesley's 
X.), in Davlea and Baxter's Coll., 183a. 

6. " Leave to His sovereign sway " (Wesley's xiii.), 
in Adams's Cfc. Pastorals, Boston, U.S., 1864. 

T. " Thon aeest our weakness, Lord " (Wesley's jcv.), 
in Amsr. Methodist Episcopal ttymnt, ibis. 

a. *• Put thou thy trust In God,'' a gieatly altered cento 
of which st. 1. is based on lit-, 11. 1-4 ; ii. on i., 11. 1-4 [ 
iii. on Hi., 11. 1-4; and Jv. on v., 11. 6-8; appeared as 
No, 11 in the Mibrt K. Bk., 1836, and eince in various 
hymnals, e.g. S.P.CK, ft. and Hys., 1893, Kfnntiy, 1863. 

5. Commit thy -way, ooondinf, In full by Dr. 
H, Mills in the Eeantj. Review, Gettysburg, July, 
1849, and his Harae Get-., 1856, p. 172. His st. 
i., ii., vi., iii. were included in the Lntheian 
General Synod's Hymns, 1852, and i., ii., v., vi., 
iL, iii. in the Ohio Luth. Hymnal, 1880, 

1. Thy my and all thy sorrows. In full by A. 
T. Rusiell as No. 333 in his Pi. and Hys., 1851, 
iu 3 pts. Pt. ii. begins "In vain the powers of 
darkness" (st. v.), and pt. iii. with "Awhile His 
consolation" (st. «.). 

*. Commit thy-way to Odd. A good <)'., omitting 
St. ix., i., xii., by Mrs. Charles in her Voice of 
Christian Life in Sony, 1858, p. 239. Her tn. 
of st. i., ii-, vi., viii., ii. form No. 138 in Jellicoe's 
Coll., 1867, and i., vi.-viii., si., No. 283 in Bp. 
Kyle's Coll., 1860. 

I. Commit thy way, weeper. A free para- 
phrase, in 6 st. of 4 1., by J. & StoLiybrass for 
the Tonic-Solfa Reporter, July, 1857, repeated in 
Curwen's Child's Own H. Bk., 1862, und new 
Child's 0<zn H. Bk., 1874. 

6. Commit thou every sorrow, And can. Tr. of 
st. i.-iii., xii. by Miss Borthwick, as No. 240 in 
Dr. Pagenatecher's Coll., 1864. 

Translation* net in 0. TJ. i — 
(1) " Commit thy Ways and Goings," by J. C. Jacobi, 
ma, p. 16 (17M, p. 3D, 1TW, p. S3), (i) "Commit 
thou thy each grievance," No. 472, in pt. L. of the 
■Jfcrttnwi 11. Bk. 1154 (1849, So. 191). (3) "Com- 
mit thy ways, thy sorrows," by Mrs. Stanley Carr 
in ber tr. of WildenhaAn's Pavi Gerhardt, 181a (ed, 
JflSS. p, SOI). (4) "Commit thv secret grief," by 
Mia i*itm, L857, p. Si. (5) "Commend tby way, 
tiiortaV in Madame de l*ontea's I'oets and Poetry ^Ger- 
many, lti6a,vol. i.,p. 434. (a) "Commit thou all thy 
way*s and ail," by Mrt. Be van, 1859, p. 124. (T) "Com- 
mit tby way unto the Lord, thy heavy," by Dr. R. P. 
Dunn in Saercd Lyrics from the German, Phil. 18B9, p. OS. 
(S) " To God thy way commending," by Mitt Cox, 1 864, 
p. hi, and the Oilman-Schaff, Lib. of Bel. Poetry, ed. 
19tW, p. 610. (»)" Commit whatever grieves thee," by 
3. Kelly, 1B9T, p. 226. (10) "Commit thy way. Oweep- 
ing," by Dr. J. Outhrlo In his Sacral t.yriet, 1SS9, p. 91. 
(U)" Commit tbewny before thee," by X. L, Frothing- 


ham, 1810, p. 164. (12) " Commit thy course and keep- 
ing," by Br. John Otinu, c. 1856, but 1st pub. Edin. 
1881, as an eight-page imct. rj. JI_] 

Begin, my tongue [soul], some hea- 
venly theme, I. Watte. [Faithfulness of 
God.] 1st pub. in his Hys. and 8. Songs, 
1707 (2nd ed., 1709, Bk. ii., No. 169), in 3 at. 
of 4 1„ and entitled "The faithfulness of 
God in His promiaeH," In 1776, Toplady in- 
cluded it, in an altered and abbreviated form, 
in his Pt. and Hymns, No. 388, as "Begin, 
my soul, some heavenly theme." This form 
of the hymn has been repeated in many col- 
lections, sometimes verbatim from Toplady, 
and again, with further alterations, as in tho 
Wes. H. Bh., 1830, and revised ed., 1973. lis 
use in America, usually abbreviated, is much 
more extensive than in Q. Britain. 

Behm, Martin, s. of Hans Behm [Biihme, 
Boehm, Behemb, Behem, BBheim, Bohemus or 
Bohemius], town-overseer of Laubnn in Silesia, 
was b. at Lauban, Sept 16, 1557. During a 
protracted famine, 1574, Dr. Paul Fabricius, 
roynl physician at Vienna, a dtstaut kinsman, 
took him to Vienna, where he acted as a private 
tutor for two years, and then went to StntSB- 
burg, where, from Johann Sturm, Rector of the 
newly founded University, he received much 
kindness. Returning home at hia mother's 
request after his father's death, Mpy, 1580, he 
was, at Easter, 1581, appointed nsststunt iu 
the Town School, and on Sept. 20, ordained 
dioconus of the Holy Trinity Church. After 
his senior hud been promoted to Breslon the 
Town Council kept the pest nominally vacant 
for two years, and then, in June, 1586, ap- 
pointed Behm chief pastor. For 36 years ho 
held this post, renowned as a preacher, as a 
faithful paslor in times of trouble (famine 
1590, pestilence 1613, war 1619), and as a 
prolific author. After preaciiing on the tenth 
Sunday after Trinity, 1621, he was seized with 
illness, and after he had lain for twenty-four 
weeks on a sick bet), there was minitttred to 
him, on Feb. 5, 1622, the abundant entrance 
of whioh he sings in his hymn, " O Jesu Christ, 
meins Ijcbensticht " (Koch, ii. 227-231; Attg. 
Deutsche Biog.,iL 282). 

llo was one of the best hymn- writers of his time. 
Ills hymns are true and deep in feeling, dwelling spe- 
cially on the Fasslon of Our fiord. They speedily passed 
into the liymn-books. and long held their place therein. 
Of about 480 hymns which he composed, the most impor- 
tant appeared in his ;— * 

(1) Cfenfiw-ia precatimuni rtyWrntearum, Witten- 
berg, 1606 (2nd ed., 1611). 

(2) Centuria jecunda precationum rhythmic&ruM, 
Wittenberg, 1608 (and ed., 1611). 

(a) Ctnluria precatianum rhythnicarTtjA, Wittfn- 
ber^, 1616 (complete ed. of the Three Centuries, 
Jena and Breslau, 1698). A selection of 79 Hymns, 
ed., wkh an introduction, by W. Nuideke, appeared ut 
Halle in 1BST. 

Four of his hymns have been tr. into 
English, three being in English C. U. : — 

{. HiiHga DnifiJtifkrit, [iforatnj.] 1st 
pub. in his Kriegesman, Leipzig, 1593, in 7 st. of 
unequal length, repeated in 1608, as above, in 
8 st. of 4 1, Both forms are in Wacherntxgcl, v. 
p. 197 ; and the second in NSIdcke, 1857, p. 53 ; 
and, omitting st. vi.-viii., as No. 1126 in tho 
Berlin G. L. S., ed. 1863. In 1593 it was en- 
titled " The ancient Sancta Trinitas at adoraocta 
(Jnitas in German j " but it is rather a versifica- 
tion of the Prayer for Wednesday eronine in 


J. Habermann'a Gebet Buck (Wittenberg, 1587), 
The trs. in C. U., bqtb of the second form, Wre ! — 

1, Thro neat Holy Trinity. A very good tr, 
of st. i., iii.-v., by A T. Russell, as No. 2 in his 
Pa. and Hys., 1851, and thence in JTeniieify, 1863, 
and Dr. Thomas's Ju^usdiw H. Bk^ 186$. 

I, holy, Mossed Trinity, Divine, A good tr. of 
st. i.-v. by Dr. C. H. L. Schuette, as No. 295 in 
the Ohio Lath. Hymnal, 1880. 

S, holy, holy, holy Three, by ff. J. BvtekoH, 
1842, p. 21. 

ii. Jean Ohiist, melns X>*ben* Ileht, [for (is 
Ztyino:.] His finest hymn, lstpub. inacollention 
entitled Chriitliche (Jebet, 1610, and then in his 
Ze/ien Sterbegebet, appended to his Ontario te- 
ettnda, 1611 (see above), in 14 st. of 4 1., entitled 
" Prayer for a happy journey home, founded upon 
the sufferings of Christ," Thence in Wacher- 
nagel, v, p. 235, Ndtdekt, 1857, p. 79, nnd the 
Unv. L. &, 1851, No. 835. The tn. in C. U. 
are: — 

1. £s«l Jesus Ohriat, my Life, ray light, Avery 
good tr. by Miss Winkworth in her Lyra Oct., 
2nd Series, 1858, p. 213, st. v., i, being omitted 
and viii., ix. combined as one st. In her C. B. 
far England, 1863, No. 190, she omitted her st. 
v., vi., and united her st. iv., vii. as iv. This tr, 
is included more or less abridged in Wilson's 
Service of Praise, 1865, and in America in the 
Bapt. H. Bk., Phil., 1871, the Meth. Epis. Hymnal, 
1878,*snd the Ohio Luth. Hymnal, 1880, &c 

1. Lord Jesua Oludsti my soul's desire. A good 
and full tr. by Dr. John Eer in the Jim. Miss, 
Mag. of the EJ. P. Church, May, 1858, p. 25. 
St. i., iii , v., vii. form No. 49 in the Ibrox 
Hymnal, 1871. 

O&er tn. ore : — 

(l) " Lord Jesu, fountain of my life." by Jl C. Jacabi, 
ltJS, p. 62 (i>32. p. IBB), and repested in the Moravian 
hymn-books combined in 1928 with J. Cennick'a 
"Though I'm in body mil of pain." (1) " Jesu, my 
light and sure defence," as No. 54 in the J&ravittn ff. 
BIc., IMS. (3) "0 Jem, life-light of my way," by 
Mia Warner, 18S8 (cd. IStSl.p. 1T6). 

iii. KBnig slier Earen. [Epiphany.] Founded 
on St. Matthew ii., and 1st pub. 1606 as above, 
in 6 st. of 8 1. Thence in Waciernagel, v. p. 210, 
SBldete, 1857, p. 31, and the Urn. L. S., 1851, 
Jfo. 79. The Irs. in C. U. are :— 

1. Xing of Glory, Sand 1 * Sen. A donble 
c M. version of at. i., ii., v., vi. by Miss Wink' 
worth in her Lyra Oe>\, 2nd Series, 1858, p. 20, 
and thence in Dr. Pagenstecher's Coll. t 1864, 
No. 33. Her 2nd tr. :-~ 

I. I«d, King of Glory, No. 37 in her C. B. 
for England, 1863, is the above version rewritten 
to the original metre. In the Ohio Lath. Hyl., 
1880, No, 54, with trs. of at. iii., iv. added. 

it. Ssawslt Sott Titer nnd OottBohn. [Morning 
JVaysr.j 1st pub. 1608 as above, in 11 St., and 
thence in Wackernagtt, r. p. 215, in NSldekc, 
1857, p. 51, Tr. as "O God Almighty, Father, 
Son," by H. J. Backdl, 1842, p. 15. [J. M. 

Behme, David, b. April 2, 1605, at 
Bernstadt, in Silesia, became, 1630, Ooort 
preacher to Duke Heinrich Wonzel of Mfln- 
sterberg, and pastor of Vielguth near Bern- 
stadt In 1638 became pastor of his native 
town, preacher to the court of Oela, and a 
member of the Consistory. There he remained 
aa a faithful nnd exemplary paator till his 
death, Feb. 9, 1G57 (KoA, ill 56-57; Allg. 


Deutsche Biog., ii, 284). MUtzell, 1858, in- 
cludes six hymns under his name, Nob. 300' 
305. One has been tr. into English. 

Hew nan laa* in Fried*. rpar at Dying.} Founded 
on the Jftmc Dimittit, let appeared in the Btb ed., Br»- 
lau, c. 1663, of the VotlitSHdiffe JfireAm wui flaw 
Mvtie, p. 962, in ID st. In MUtttU, 1898, No. 301 « 
a hymn on the festival of the PnrlScatton of the Vintbi 
Maiy. It is tr. as, • Lord, now let Thy servant," by 
Miss Winkworth, IMS, p. SIS. [J, jfl 

Behold, a stranger at the door. J. 
Grigg. [Expostulation.] Thts is one of Four 
Hymns an iSitrc'ns Subjects, Ac, 1765, in 11 st 
of 4 1., ft second being the well-known '' Jesus, 
and shall it ever be ? " (q. y,). It came into 
congregational use at an early ante, but usually 
in an abbreviated form. Both in G. Britain, 
and in America, various arrangements of the 
text are given in collections in O. U. The full 
original text woe reprinted in D. Sedgwick's 
ed. of Urigg's Hymns, io., 1861. It is also 
found in Lord Selborne'a Bk. of Praise, 1868, 
and in Lyra Brit., 1867, p. 251. 

Behold 1 how glorious is yon sky. 

[Eternal Life.] This hymn, in 2 st, is No. 749 
in the N. Cong., 1859, and No. 611 in Dr. Alton's 
Cong. Pialmist Hyl., 1886. It has evidently 
been written for or adapted to the fine 
German ohorale, "Wie schon leucbtet dec 
Morgenstern " (see JTieolal, P.). But not one 
single line can be said to be tr. either from 
(he hymn of Niooloi, or from the recast of 
Nicolai's hyuin made by J. A. Scblegel (q.v.) : 
and it must rank as an anonymous Englbth 

Behold, how good a thing it la, And 
how, && [P. cxxxiU.] Prom the Scotttih 
Psalter, 1650, into Spurgcon's O. O. H. Bk^ 
1866, No. 133. In the American Presb. Hym- 
nal, Phila., 1874, No. 593, it is altered to 
"Behold, how good and pleasant," &c. In 
this form it is also in other American col- 

Behold my Servant! Bee Him rise. 

[Christ (he Ambassador.] This Paraphrase, 
the author of which is unknown, first ap- 
peared in the Draft Scottish Translations and 
Paraphrases, in 1745, as No. v., on Is, ilii. 
1-13, in 13 st, of 4 L The opening sts. are : — 

1, "Behold my Servant! nee him rise 

exalted in my Might : 
Him b*ve 1 choeen, and In lrim 
1 place supreme Delight." 

2. "In rich Effusion, on his Soul, 

tny SpLrit'a IWere shall flew: 
He'll to the Gentllea, and the laiea. 
my Truths and Jiidgmenta show.' 

The paraphrase extended in this strata to 
13 st., some of which are exceedingly good, 
but the whole is too extensive to quote. 

ii. In 1781 John Logan published a volume 
of Poems, p. 108, No. 6, in which were several 
hymns and paraphrases, including one based 
upon the above, in 16 st., and opening thus: — 
H Heboid J the Ambassador divine. 
Descending from above. 
To publish to mankind the law 
Of everlasting love I 
" On Him tn rich effusion poarM 
The heavenly dew deaoeniU ; 
And truth divine He ehall reveal 
To earth'a remotest ends." 

We have given reasons elsewhere for hold- 
ing that this rewritten version of the 1745 


paraphrase is the work of M. Bruce (q. v.). 
The full text is in Dr. Grosart's Work* of 
Michael Bruce, 1885, pp. 140-141. 

iii. Daring tbe same year that Logan 
published his Poems, i.e. 1781, the new and 
revised edition of the Scottish Translations 
and Paraphrases was also published. Of this 
edition J. Logan was one of the revising aud 
editing committee. In this work this hymn 
is included in a third form, in which vre hare 
15 st. of i 1. Of these 60 lines, 22 full lines 
and 7, partly so, are from the 1715 Trans. <t 
Par. ; 16 fall lines, and 5 partly so, from Bruce 
of 1781, the rest being new. The hymn thns 
presents one of the most peculiar pieces of 
patchwork with which we are acquainted. As 
an illustration of the way in which a man can 
build up for himself a reputation out of the 
works of others, and live on that reputation, as 
J. Logan has done for nearly a century, we givo 
this cento in full, printing the 1745 text in 
small capitals: Bruoe's text of 1761, as 
printed in Logan's Poem*, in Italics ; and the 
new matter in ordinary Roman type. 
".ixiii. Isaiah jtlii. 1-1S. 



s. c« him, in rich effusion pour'd, 
ux St'iiuT sbalfdescend ; 
My truths and judgments lie sball show 
to earth's remotest end. 
3. Gentle and still shall be ma toice, 
no tuueats frow jim f rocbep, 
tne skok1rc jlax he shall kot quencn, 
Nob break the bauised reed. 
i. The feeble spark to flames he'll raise; 


fi. The progress of bis teal and power 
atoll never know decline, 
TiH foreign lands and distant teles 
receive the lavt divine. 
B. He who erected heav'n's bright arch 
and bade the planets roll, 
Who peopled all tbe climes of earth, 
anaform'd the hitman soul. 
1. Thus s&ith the Lord; Thes hats Ihais'h, 
vy Profhet thee install; 
Ik Kionr I've rsis'd thee, and in strength 


fl. I will establish with the lakds 
a covenant In thee, 
To give the Gentile nations light, 
AKn set the pkis'neks fesk : 
0. Asunder buret tbe gates or brass ; 
the iron fetter* fall ; 
And gladsome ligbt and liberty 
are straight restor'dto all. 


Of great Jehotah kkowh ; 

A'o idol shall usurp my praise, 

Noe mohxt into Jtr throse. 



And fittujle scenes, predicted, now, 


13, 5ikg to the Lord in Joyful strains 1 


Te who utoh the OCEAK DWELL, 


13. cityef the Lord '. begin 

the universal song ; 
And let the scattee'd villages 

the cheerful notes prolong. 
I*. Let Kedar's uttdcrnest afar 

lift up its lonetv voice 
Andlet " ' ' - 

I let the tenant' •>/ the rock 
with accent* rude rejoice. 
15, Till 'midst the streams of distant lands 
tbe islands sound hit praise ; 
A ad all cokbin'd, with one accord-, 
Jehovah's olories raise | " 


iv. William Cnmeion (q. v.), a member of 
the Committee with Logan, in his list, of 
authors and revisers of the 1781 Translations 
and Paraphrases, a copy of which has been 
preserved, gives to Logan the credit of com- 
piling this cento. It has been in authorized 
use in the Church of Scotland for 100 years, 
hut is rarely found elsewhere. It must bo 
ilesignateJ, "Scottish Tr. * Par. 1743; JB. 
Bruce, 1764, printed in J. Lagan's Poems, 
1781 : J. Logan, 1781." 

v. A cento, partly from the Tr. <t Par. text 
above of 1781, and partly from that of 1745, 
was given in Bickersteth's Christian Psalmody 
in 1833, No. 238, and Miss Leesoii's Par. and 
Hymns, 1853, No. 50, Pt. ii. ; beginning, " Sing 
to the Lord, in joyful strains," but has now 
gone almost altogether out of use. Another 
arrangement direct from the abovo 1781 text, 
st. xii.-xv., "Sing totlie Lord," &c, was given 
in Kemblo's Psotota <fc Hymns, 1853, and has 
been repeated in several collections, 

vi. Another arrangement is: "Behold my 
servant, saith the Lord." It is composed of 
st. i.-iv, with alterations by Miss J. E. Lee- 
son, and was included iu her Par, and Hymns, 
1853, No. 50, Pt. i. Its use is limited. 

vii. In American hymnals, in addition to a 
reprint of most of the foregoing arrangements, 
we have, " Thus saith the Lord, who built the 
heavens," in Belknap's Sacred Poetry ; or, Ps. 
& Hys., 1795, "O city of tlie Lord, begin," 
in the Presb, Church Psalmist, &c, N. Y., 
1847, and others. [J. J.] 

Behold the amazing sight P. hod- 
dridge. [Passionttde'] In the d. mss. this 
hymn is dated "May 8, 1737," and headed 
"The soul attached to a Crucified Saviour, 
from John xii. 32." In 1755, Job Orion in- 
cluded it in his cd, of Doddridge's (post- 
humous) Hymns, Ac, No, 233, in 6 et of 6 1. 
It is repeated in J. D. Humphreys's ed. of the 
same, 1839. It is in C. U. both in G. Brit. 
aud America. 

Behold the angel flies. J. Bull. 
[Missions.] This is given in P. Maurice's 
Cnorol H. BJt„ 1861, us "J, B. a—Christ. 
Guard." This wo find, from a ms. memo- 
randum by Dr. Maurice, to be the Rev. John 
BulL Curate of Clipston. The hymn appeared 
in J. Bull's Devotional Hys., Lond., 1827, and 
thence probably passed into the Christian 

Behold the glories of the Lamb. 
J. Watts. rPrai'Mj 1st pub. in his Hymn*, 
Ate, 1707 (2nd ed„ 1709. Bfe. i., No. 1), in 8 st. 
of 4 h, and entitled, " A New Song to the 
Lamb that was slain." It isa paraphrase of a 
part of Bev. v. Watts's biographers state that 
this was his first hymn, and was written in 1696 
in answer to a challenge that he could not 
produce better hymns than those by W. 
Barton (q. v.) which were sung in the Chapel 
in Southampton whicli he attended, and 
against which he had laid a complaint. In 
the Hymns, &c, st. iv. and v. are bracketed for 
omission if desired, and in the Bap. Ps. & 
Hys,, 1858, and others, this is done. In 
Darling's Hys., 188G, it is given as "How 
great the glory of the Lamb" The use of the 
hymn is extensive, both in G. Britain and 
America. [See Esrlj English Hymnody, § VI. 2.] 


In the Draft Scottish Translations and Para- 
phrase* of 1745, a BomewJiat peculiar cento is 
(riven as No. ii. in 12 st. of i 1. It opens with 
wis first stanza, and in thus composed : si i., ii., 
iii., iv. corresponding stanzas from this hvmn ; 
st. v. Watts ; st. vL new ; st. vii. Watts. From 
this point st. viii. to xii. are Wntts's " Come 
let us join our cheerful songs" (q. v.) slightly 
altered. In the authorized issue of the Trans- 
lations and Paraphrases, in 178), there is an- 
other cento, opening again with the same 
stanza, but differing from the Inst. It is Ihus 
composed : st. i., ii., iii., iv. Watts, as above, 
with new alterations; st. v. Walts, " Come let 
us, &c," as altered in 1715; st. vi. Watts; 
vii. Watts altered ; st. viii. Watts, as above ; st. 
ix. from 1715; st x., xL Watts, "Come let 
us, &c," slightly altered. This complicated 
arrangement was made by TK. Cameron (a. v.) 
for the 1781 issue of the TVs., &c, and lias 
been in use in the Church of Scotland for 100 
years. It is also found in a few modern 
hymnals. It was given in the Salixbtiry 
H. Bk., 1857, No. 171, with slight alterations. 
Full recast text in modem copies of the 
Scottish 1'ecdtnt, &c. This, in common with 
the original, is in use in America. From this 
arrangement in iho Trs. <t Paraphs, a cento is 
given in Stevenson's H. for the Church and H. t 
1873, No. 32, as "Hark, how the adoring 
hosts." In Ihis st. i.-iv. and x. are omitted. 

In Miss J. E. Loeson's Par. and Hymns, &c., 
1853, this arrangement of the hymn is given 
with extensive alterations and additions, as 
No, 110 in 12 sL of 4 1. Its use is limited, 
although st ii.-xii. are very fine. [J. J.] 

Behold theliambfofQod.} N.Bridges. 
[Passion(ide.~\ 1st pab. in his Ifymnt of the 
Heart, &c, 1848, in 7 st. of 7 1., and entitled 
"Ecco Agnus Dei." It is found in mnny 
modern collections both in 6. Britain and in 
America, but never in a full and correct 
form. Scarcely two tests can bo found alike, 
whether they begin with the origins! first line, 
or as — " Behold the Lamb of God," as in H. 
A. <t M., Taring, and others. The original 
is also difficult to procure. We give it in full. 
"Behold the Lamb I 

"Behold the Lamb 1 
Oh E Thou for sinners 

Let It not he In vein, Thou but died : 
Thee for my Saviour let 

mo take, — 
Thee,— Thee alone my re- 
fuge rathe, — 
Ihy pierced elds I 
" Behold the Limb! 
Into the sacred Hood, — 
Of Thy most precious 
My toul I cut : — 
Wash me and make me 

Uphold i 

tbio' life's 
changeful scene, 
Till alf be putt 

"Behold the Lamb I 
Archangels, — fold your 

Seraphs, — hush all the 
Of million lyres : 
The Victim, veiTd on earth, 

in love,— 
Uavelrd, — enthrm'd, — 
ador*d above, 
All heaven admires t 

Drop down, ye glorious 

lie dies,— He dies, — He 
For man once lost 1 
Vet lo! He Uvea, — He 

Uvea*— *He lives,— 
And to His church Him- 
self He gives,— 
Incarnate Host 1 
"Behold the Lamb! 
All hall,— Eternal Word t 
Thou Universal I,ora>- 

Purge out our leaven : 
Clothe us with godliness 

and good. 
Feed us with Thy celestial 
food, — 
Manna from heaven J 
"Behold the Lamb! 
Saints, wrapt in bllfisfol 

Sonla, — waiting to he 
Oh J Lord,— how long ! 
Thou Cbutvh on earth, o'er- 
whelm'd with fears, 
StlU in this vale of woe 
and tears 
Swell the fell song. 


" Behold the Lamb i One with the Ancient of ill 

Worthy is He alone,— day*,— . 

Upon the iris throne One with the Paraclete in 

Of God above I praise, — 

AU light— all love ! " 

A comparison of this text with that in any 
collection will show how far alterations may 
have been introduced. In addition to being 
attend, it is usually abbreviated as well. In 
some American collections, including Dr. 
Hatfield's Church H. Bit., 1872, No. 500, a 
hymu is given as— "Archangels! fold your 
wings," and attributed to "Samuel Egerton 
Brjdges, 1820, n," which is really a portion of 
this hjmn rewritten, beginning with line 2 of 
st. iii. as above. [J. J.] 

Behold the Lamb of God, who bore 
thy burdens, &o. T. Ifatceit. [Passion- 
(irfe.] Fiom his Carmina Clirista, &c, 1702. 
No. 5 in 4 st. of 4 1., and based on John i. 2U. 
It is found in a few collections, mid is worthy 
of more extended use. The text of H. Camp., 
although claiming to bo correct, is altered 
in st. i. and iv. and is from Bickcrstclh's 
Christian Psa7mody of ISH'6. 

Behold the lofty eky. I. Watts. [Pa. 
*i».] 1st pub. in hia Psalm* of JMicid, &c, 
171'J, being a paraphrase of the first part of 
Ts. xix., and headed "'The Book of Nature 
and Scripture. For a Lord's-Day Morning." 
It is in 8 st. of 4 1. ; and was given with the 
omifaion of st. vi. in J. Wesley's i'». d> Ifys., 
Clinrlestown, South Carolina, 173G-7, p. 58, 
Tho paraphrase, " Behold the murning sun," 
deals in 8 st, of 4 1. with another aspect of 
the same Psalm, and is given next after the 
above in the Psalms, &o., 1719. Both para- 
phrases;, usually abbreviated, are in C. U., 
the latter specially in America. In Mnrlincau's 
Hymns, 1840 and 1873, the hymn "Behold 
the lefty sky,'' No. 247, is a ocnto from these 
two paraphrases, Et. i., it. being from tho 
fiist, and iii.— vi. from the second. 

Behold, the Master paeaeth by ! [St, 
Matthete 1 * Day."] This is a cento by Jip. W. 
W. How, based upon Bn. Ken's hymn for the 
same day, and first pub. in Charch Hymns, 
1871, No. 183, in G st. of 4 I., and Turing's 
Coll., 1882, No. 510. It is thus composed: — 
St. i.-iii. Original by Bn. How. 
St. iv.-vi. By Bp. How from Bp. Ken, whose 
original stanzas are: — "From worldly clogs, Moss'dSIatthew loose, 
Devoted all to sacred use, 
That, Follow Me, Ills ear 
Seem'd every day to hear. 
His utmost seal be strove to bend. 
Towards Jesus* likeness, to ascend. 
„ st xi. " God sweetly calls us every day, 

Why riiould wc then our bliss deky 
He call* to endless light, 
Why should we love the night ? 
Should we one call but duly heed, 
It would to joys eternal lead, 
at. xxiv. " Praise, Lord, to Thee, for Matthew's caU, 
At which he left his wealthy all ; 
At Thy next call may I 
Myself and world deny ; 
Thou, l.ord, even now art calling me, 
I'll now leave sit, and follow Thee," 

Bishop Ken's hymn appeared in hia Hymns 
far all the Festivals of the Year, 1721 (ten 
years after his death) : and again in tho same 
work, repub. as Bishop Ken's Christian Year, 
by Pickering, in 1868, 



Behold the path that [which] mor- 
tals tread. F.Doddridge. [Journey of Life.'] 
In tho d. wss, this hymn is No. 44, but is 
undated. It was pub. as Ns. 27 in J. Orion's 
ed. of Doddridge's (posthumous) Hymns, &o., 
1755, and again ill J. D. Humphreys's cd. of 
the same, 1839. It is in 7 st. of 4 1., and 
entitled " The Great Journey. Job xvi. 22." 
Its use is chiefly confined to America. 

Behold the Prince of Peace. J. Need- 
ham. [Meekness and Tenderness of Jems,] 1st 
pub. in bis -Hymns, &c, 1768, No. S7, in 7 st. 
of 4 1. The form, however, in which the by inn 
beginning with this first lino is known is a 
cento, thus composed: — at. i.-iti. as nbove; 
st. iv., v., "Jesus t Thou light of men," &c; 
from Needham's " Long had tho nations sat," 
-■.t. v., vi. In this form it is found iu Sir 
Josbh Mason's Orphanage II. Bk Birniing- 
Imuh, 1882, and others. 

Behold the Bedeemer of man. [P«s- 
siontide.] This hymn, in 5 £t. of 4 1., isinltow- 
land Hill's Coll. of JJjis. for Children, &c, 
Lnnd., 1808. It is not in the previous editions 
of 1790 or 1794, mid may possibly he by It. Hill. 
As, however, no authors' names are given in the 
collection, and no further evidence is forthcom- 
ing, its authorship cannot be determined. It 
is found in several modem hymnals for Sunday 
Schools, as in the Leeds 8. S. H. Bk., 1882 to 
1878, No. 49, and others. [W. T. B.] 

Behold the Saviour of mankind. 

Samuel Wesley, sen. [Good Friday.'] Written 
previous to the fire at his Rectory of Epworth, 
which was burnt down in 110$. At this fire 
John Wesley was saved from death by being 
rescued through the bed-room window by 
some of the parishioners. During the fire the 
ma. of this hymn was blown into the Rectory 
garden, where it was subsequently found. It 
was 1st pub. in J. Wesley's Ps.&Hyn., Charles- 
town, South Carolina, 1736-7, p. 46 ; also in 
the Wesley Hymns and Sac Poems, 1739, in 4 
st. of 41. ; and again in the Wet. 1780, 
revised ed., 1875, No. 22. From that collection 
it has passed into various hymnals both in G. 
Britain and America. The original contains 
6 st. of 4 1. St. ii and v, are usually omitted. 

Behold the Saviour on the cross. 

Cento, 1781. [Passiontide.l 1st appeared^ as 
No. 44 in the Draft Scottish Translation* and 
Paraphrase*, 1781, as a version of John xis. 
30, in 6 st. of cm. It is thus made up: st. i. is 
altered from st. i. and iv., and st. ii. is exactly 
st. v. of Joseph Stennctl's " Behold the Saviour 
of the world " in hiaJL on the Lord's Sapper, 
1705 (ed. 1709, p. 57). Another hymn m that 
collection (ed. 1709, p. G6), " "l'is linished, the 
Redeemer cries," furnishes, in its st i., the 
(•round of st. iii., in its st. iii. of st. v., and in 
its st. v. of st. vi. The remaining st. (st. iv.>ig 
a cento from Charles Wesley's " 'Tis flnish'd, 
the Messias dies" (q. v.). Thus though the 
hymn has generally been ascribed to ''Blair" 
(see BUir, Hugh), as in the markings by tho 
eldest daughter of W. Cameron (q. v.), he can- 
not be regarded as having done more than 
make the cento and rewrite the whole to c m. 
In the public worship ed. of that year issued 
by tho Church of Scotland and still in use, 
it is unaltered. From the 1781 it has passed | 


into a few modern hymnals, as in England, in 
Morrell and How's G»U., 1854, and the Irvingite 
Coll., 1864 ; mid ill America in the Evang. 
Lath. II. lilt. , 1 834, Presbyterian Ps. and Hys., 
1843,and Adumsand Chapiu's Coll.. 184G. In 
Miss Loeeon's Paraphrases and Hymns for 
Cong. Singing, 1853, So. 74, omitting st v., vi. 
In the English Presb. Ps. and Hys., 1867, No. 
484, and Church Praise, 1883, No. 80, st. iii.- 
vi. beginning "'Tis finished! was his latest 
voice" were selected; and 'the same altered 
and beginning "'Tis finished — the Messiah 
cried " in the Free Church H. Bk., 1873, No. 16. 

Behold the servant of the Lord. C. 
Wesley. [Submission.'] 1st pub. by J. Wesley 
in Pt. i. of hi* Further Appeal to Men of Rea~ 
son and JteHgion, Dec. 22, 1741, and subse- 
quently, by C. Wesley, in his Hymns and Sacred 
Poems, 1749, where it is entitled " An Act of 
Devotion" (vol. i. p. 120). It was embodied 
in tho Wes. H. Bk., 1780, No. 417, and thence 
has passed into various hymnals in G. Britain 
and America, Orig. text, P. Works, 1868- 
72, vol. v. p. 10. 

Behold the sun that seemed but now. 
G." WitJier. [Afternoon.] 1st printed in bis 
Hallelujah, or Britain's Second Remem- 
brancer, Lond., 1641, where it is No. 14 of 
hiB first part "Hymns Occasional." It is 
headed " At Snnsetting," and prefaced by the 
following note, " The singing or meditating to 
such purposes as are intimated in this Hymn, 
when we see the sun declining may perhaps 
expel unprofitable musings, aud arm against 
the terrors of approaching darkness." 

It is in 3 st. of 8 1., and its use is by no 
means equal to its merits. It was included 
in Fair's reprint of tho Hallelujah, 1857; 
and thence, passing through Lord Seiborne's 
Booh of Praise, 1862, was given in Turing's 
Coll., No. 20, with two slight alterations, 
Thring reading st. L, 1. 4, " The " for " I7iw " ; 
and in st. ii., 1. 5, "our" for "those." It is 
also in the Westminster Abbey H. Bk., 1883. 
[Bail? Zatliih Hy„ § viei.] [W. T. B.] 

Behold the throne of grace. J. New- 
ton. [The Throne of Grace.] Appeared in the 
Olney Hymns, 1770, Bk, I, No, 33, in 8 st, of 
4 1., and based on 1 Kings iii. 5. Although 
extensively used both in G. Britain and in 
America, it is generally in an abridged, and 
Eometimes altered form. In 1781 J. Wesley 
published the last four stanzas of the original 
as a hymn in the Arminian Magazine, p. 285, 
beginning "Since 'tis the lord's command," 
but it failed to attract attention, and in that 
form is unknown to modern hymn-books, 

Behold the wretch -whose lust and 
wine. I. Watts. [The Prodigal.] This 
paraphrase of St. Luke xv. 13, Ac., was 1st 
pub. in his Hymns, &o., 1709, Bk. i., No. 123, 
in 7 st. of 4 1. Tho peculiarity of its opening 
lino has made against its adoption in its ori- 
ginal form in modern liymnala. 

In the draft Scottish Translations and Para- 
phrases, 1745, it was given unaltered as No. 
xxv., save st. vi., which was rewritten thus : — 
■ « Bring forth the Surest Robe for Lim, 
the Joyful Father said ; 
To him each Mark of Gracg be ehowa, 
u*d every honour puUl." 


On the adoption of the hymn in the autho- 
rized issue of the Translations imrf l'arayhrates, 
1781, No. xl., it was given as " The wretched 
prodigal behold." This recast is composed as 
follows: — st i.-v. recast from original by 
Watts, st. vi. new; at vii. from 1715; st. viii. 
Watts ; st. is. new. This recast, which may 
Le found in full in modern editions of the 
Scottish Psalms, &&, lias been in common 
use in the Church of Scotland for 100 years. 

In Miss J. E. Leeson's Par. and Hymns,&c., 
1853, Ko. lsi., two hymns on the above pas- 
sage, SL Luke xv. 13-25, are given ; the first, 
" Ni<rh unto death with famine pined," being 
by Hiss Leeson ; and the second, " The pro. 
digal's returning steps." This last is thus 
composed : st i., ii. Miss Lccson, based on the 
Scottish Par. ; iii., iv. f S. I'ar. altered ; v., vi., 
Hiss Leeson. [J. J.] 

Behold "we come, dear [good] Lord, 
to Thee. /, Austin. [Sunday.] This is 
the first hymn, in 7 st of i 1., in his Devotion* 
in the Antient Way of Office*, 1608, and is ap- 
pointed for Sunday at Matins. After passing 
through the various reprints of that work, 
and of the revised editions of Dorrington, and 
of Hickes (see Austin, J.\ it was included, 
with slight alterations, in the Salisbury 
H. Bh„ 1857 ; Pott's Coll., 1861 ; the New 
Zealand Hymnal, 1872, and others. It had, 
however, previously appeared in J. Wisley's 
Ps. & Hys., Cbarlestown, South Carolina, 
1736-7, So. 24, in 6 st. [W. T. B.j 

Behold what condescending love. J. 
Peacock. [Christ Netting Children.] 1st pub. 
In his Songs of Praise, compiled from ike Holy 
Scriptures, 1776, p. 50, in 5 st. of 4 1. In 
the Ainer. Melh. Ems. Hwnm, 1849, No. 261; 
the Meth. Epiae. Hymnal, 1878, No. 828 ; and 
Dr. Hatfield's Ckurch M. Bh„ 1872, No. 1142 
(dated 1806 in error), is a cento thus com- 
posed; — st. i., ii., iii., Peoeook as above; st. 
iv., Doddridge from his "See Israel's gentle 
Shepherd stand," st. iii. ; but in both cases 
slightly altered. The cento has its origin in 
that which was given in Toplady's Ps. and 
Hys., 1776, No. 120, in 6 st of which (with 
alterations) st i.-iv. are taken. [W. T, B.] 

Behold what witnesses unseen. 

[Cross and Consolation.'] 1st appeared as 
No. 12 in the Draft; Scottish Translations 
and Paraphrases, 1746, as a version of He- 
brews iii. 1-13, in 12 at of 4 1. Tho author 
Is unknown. In the revised ed., issued in 
1751, a new stanza was added as iii., and 
slight alterations were made in other sts. In 
the Draft of 1781, the 1751 was repeated 
with various alterations, as No. 59 ; and with 
further alterations of 16 lines, in the public 
worship (hi. issued in that year by the Church 
of Scotland, and stilt in use. In the markings 
bv the eldest daughter of W. Cameron (q.v.), 
tfie alterations of 1781 are ascribed to Logan 
and Cameron. The text of 1781 has passed, 
in abridged forms, into a few modem hymnals, 
as Maurice's Choral H. Bk., 1861, No. 309, 
omitting st is.; and the Eng. Fresh. Ps. <E 
Hys., 1867 ; and Church Praite, 1883, reduced 
to 6 sts. In the American Prayer Bk. Coll., 
1826, No. 212 (ed. 1871, No. 183), and others 
it began, " Lo 1 what a cloud of witnesses ;" 


while in Korison's IT. adapted to the Church 
Services, 1860, it is, " A witness-host by us un- 
seen." la Anderson's Coil., Edinburgh, 1818, 
No. 359 begins with st. vi. altered to, " Like 
Christ, hare ye, to blood or death,'* and No. 
SCO, with st x„ " A father's voice, with re- 
verence, we." It is included, considerably 
altered, as No. 85 in Miss Leeson's Paraphrases 
& Hymns, 1853, in three parts, pt ii. begin- 
ning, " Lo i for the joy before Him set," and 
pt iii,, '' Through all tho hard experience 
led." [J. M.] 

Behold 'what wondrous grace, I. 
Watts. {Adoption.] let pub. in his Hymns, 
&a, 1707 (2nd ed. 1709, Bk. i., No. Ixiv.), in 
6 st. of 4 1, and entitled "Adoption." In J. 
Wesley's Pt. & Hys., Charlestown, South Caro- 
lina, 1736-7, p. 19, it was given with altera- 
tions and the omission of st. ii. Its modern use 
is limited in U. Britain, but extensive in 

In the Draft Scottish Translations and 
Paraphrases, 1715, this text was given, as 
No. xxx., in 5 St., in a recast form. As this 
text, and not that of Watts, has been fol- 
lowed in tho authorized issue of the Trans' 
lotions, &c, of 1781, and as the Transla- 
tions, &>., of 1745 arc difficult to consult, we 
subjoin the original of Watts, and the text 
of 1745. 

Behold what wondrous 
Tbe Father hath be- 
On sinners of * mortal race, 
Ho call them Sons of 

'Us no surprising (bios', 
That we should be un 
Tbe Jewish world knew 
boS tbelr King, 
God's Everlasting Son. 

Nor doth it yet appear 
How great we must be 

Ti-axtlatietti, <Sc,, IMS. 
Behold th' atnsjiDg Height 
of Love 
tiie Father hnth bestow'd 
On us, ths sinful Sons at 
To Mil us Sons of Got> ! 

Conceal'd as yet this 
Honour lyes, 
by this dark World un- 
So the World knew not, 
when he came, 
God's everlasting Son. 

High Is the Character we 
but higher we Bball rise : 
Tho* what we'll be In fu- 
ture worlds 
is hid from mortal Eyes. 

But this we know, our 
Souls shall then 
their God and Savioub 
UnvelL'd behold bftn, and 
unto hie Ukenees be. 
A Hope so great, and so 
may Trials well endure; 
Refine the Soul from Sense 
and Sin, 
as Christ himself is 

But when we see our Sa- 
viour here. 
We shall be like our 

A hops so much divine 

May trial* well endure, 
May purge our souls front 
sense and sin 
As Christ the Lord is 
If in my Father's love 
1 shore a filial part, 
Send down Thy Spirit like 
a dove, 
To rest upon my heart. 

We would no longer lie 
Like slaves beneath the 
My faith shall Abba, Fa- 
ther, cry, 
And Thou the kindred 

A comparison of this text with that autho- 
rized in tbo Trajtstotfons, &c., of 1781, No, 
Uiii,, and which may be found in any modern 
copy of the Scottish Psalms, &c, will shew at 
onoe how much the latter is indebted to tho 
former ; and how far both differ from Watts. 
By whom the 1745 recast was made is not 
known, but that of 1781, which lias been in 
use in the Ch, of Scotland for 100 yearn, is 
claimed by W. Cameron (q.v.) as liis, [J. J.J 


Behold where breathing love divine. 
Anna L. Barbauld, -uie AUHn. [Charity.'] Con- 
tributed to Dr. W. Enfield's Hymns for Pullie 
Worship, 4c, Warrington, 1772, No. 117, in 
8 st. of 4 1. In tbo following year it was re- 
published iu Mrs. Barbaukrs (then Miss 
Aikiu) Poem, L«n„ J. Johnson, 1773, pp. 121- 
123. In this form it is not in extensive use, 
although included in Dr. Collycr's Collection, 
1912, and repeated iu Dr. Martineau's Hymns, 
1840 A 1873. A cento from this hymn is 
(riven in the Church 8. S. H. 2ft., 18G8, No. 
361, and other collections, beginning, " Blest 
ia the man whose softening heart/ It is 
composed of st. iii,, iv., vii., viii., somewhat 
altered, and appeared in the 9th od. of Cot- 
terill's Sel, 1820, No. 123, From thence it 
passed into various collections both in G. 
Britain and America. In Kennedy, 1863, No. 
120, it begins, " Blest is the man whose tender 
heiirt." The full original text is given in 
Lyra Brit, 18G7, pp. 32-33. 

Behold, 'where in a, mortal form [the 
Friend of Man]. IF. Enfield. {Christ 
out Example.] Appeared in the 3rd ed. of 
his Hymns for Public Worship, &c, 1797, in 8 
st. of 4 1. It passed from thence into Bicker' 
steth's ChristianJ 3 salmody, 1833, Reed's Hymn- 
Book, 1842, nml others. In the Bapt New 
Selection, 1823, No. 120, it was given as, 
" Behold, where in the Friend of Man" with 
the omission of st. ii., and in this form it is 
found in the Bap. Ps. <£ Hymnt, 1858. The 
hymn is also in 0. V. in America, The first 
form, abbreviated, is in Song* for the Sanctuary, 
N. Y., 18G5, and the second is in Hys. & Songs 
of Praise, N. Y., 187-1, and others. 

Behold with pleaBing extaey. — 
P. Doddridge. [Missions.] Tliis hymn is No. 
48 in the d, ws5.,nnd detect " Oct. 30, 1737." It 
was pub. in Job Orton's ed. of Doddridge's 
(posthumous) Hymns, 1755, No. 121, in 7 fit. 
of 4 1., in a slightly different form, and en- 
titled "A Nation born in a day; or the rapid 
progress of the Gospel desired,'' Is. livi. 8, 
and again in J, I), Humphreys's ed, of the same, 
183SI. In its original form it has not come 
into common use: but St. ir. and v., begin- 
ning, " Awake, nil conquering arm, awake," 
very slightly filtered, were given in the 
American Bap, Psalmist, 1813, No. 857. Also 
in Spurgeon's 0. 0. H. Bk., 1866, No. 062. 

Behold yon new-born Infant grieved. 
J. Merrick. [Ignorance of Man.] 1st puh. 
iu his Poems on Sacred Subjects, Oxford, 
Clarendon Press, 4to„ 1763, pp. 25-27, in 8 st. 
of 4 ]. It was also included in full bv Mont- 
gomery in his Christian Psalmist, 1825, No. 
333. In its full form it has not come into 
C. U.; but centos therefrom are given in 
numerous collections both in G. Britain and 
America. These are : — 

1* "AutborofBOod,totheeIturn[come]." Thlnccnlo 
tfl composed of at. v.-vitl., somewhat altered in Bicker-* 
ateth'a Wiriit. Pialmoiy, 1S33, No. island from thence 
has pissed Into several modern, collections. In Dr. Ken- 
nedy's iftmiiw, CnWif., 1S63, No. mo, these stomas are 
reputed as "Author of good, to Thee we turn," and 
thereto II line* nave been added, probably by Br, JCen- 

i. "Author of good, we rest on Thee." This Is a slightly 
altered form of the former cento, which Is fount In 
several American Unitarian collections. 


3. " Eternil God, we took to Thee." This is in altered 
form or fit. v., vi., and viii. It was Included in tbo 
Lad* U. Me., 1SS3, No. sm, and ia repeated In the 
JV. (mg., lass, and other collections, 

Tuken in its various forms, very few of 
Merrick's compositions have attained to an 
equal position in popular favour. [J. J.] 

Bei dir Jesu, will Ich bleiben. 

C. J. Spitta. [Confirmation.] Founded on 
Ps. lxxiii. 23, and 1st pub. in the 1st Series 
of his Psalter und Harfe, 1833, p. 58, in 6 at 
of 8 1., entitled, "I remain continually with 
Thee," In the "Wiirttemberg 6. B., 1842, 
No, 383, Knspp's Ev. L. S. t 1837, No. 1709 
(1865, No. 800). Thetra. in C. V. nro:— 

1. In Thy Mrriea will I ever, A full and good 
tr. by S. Masai* in his Lyra Dom. 1660, j>. o9, 
and thence in Schaff's Christ in Soar), ed. 1879, 
[,. 452. Altered and transposed as Nos. 54U, 543 
in Adams's American Ch. Pastorals, 1864. No. 
543 begins with st. v., " Let Thy light on me bo 
shining," and incorporates, as St. ii., a cento from 
st. i., ii. of Massie's tr. of Spitta'a "Afeiuo Stund 
ist noch nicht kommen" (q. v.). In Howler's 
Cong. Hys., 1884, No. 'Hoi, st. iv., 11. 5-8, and v., 
11. 5-8, are omitted. 

S. By Thee, Jenu, will X stay. A tr. of st. i-, 
v., vi. ns No. 35 in Snepp's S. of G. and G., 1876, 
marked us by "J. ». Walter, 1868." 

Other tn. are: — 

(!) "So nil! I abide for ever," by J. D. Burns in hia 
Memoir <fc Kcmaini. ISfflB, p. 23S. (3) "Jesus, with 
Thee I would aMcte," by Lady flurand, 1813, p. *8, 

[J. M.] 

Belm ftfihen MorgenUcht. [Morning.] 
We have found this hymn in two forms, each 
differing somewhat from the other, and both 
differing from the text Caswoll seems to have 
used for his translation. The earlier is in 
the Ka thoHsehes G. B., Wiirzburg, 1828 [Uni- 
versity Library, Wiirzburg], ed. by Canon S. 
Portner, for use in the Diocese of Wiirzburg ; 
where it occurs as No. 8S, at p. 183, in 14 st. 
of 4 1., and double refrain, entitled "The 
Christian Greeting." No author's name is 
given, but it is probably of Franconian origin, 
and does not seem older than the present cen- 
tury. The second is in F. W. von Dit fur Hi's 
Friinhische Volkslieder, Leipzig, 1855, pt. i., 
p. 12, in 13 st. of i ]., with double refrain, en- 
titled "Gelobt soy Jesus ChristuB." Eight 
stanzas of the first form are in the Kath, Getang* 
bSchlein, 7th ed., Aschnffenburg, I860, and 
the second form is given in full in the Exang. 
Kinder Q. B., Basel, 1867, No. 59. The last 
four stauzas of the Wiirzburg G. B., 1828, are 
here quoted for comparison. 

xl. Die Flnstenilss wird Ltcht, 

IVenn fromm die Znnge epricht : 
Gelobt sey Jesua Chriatue I 

1Mb. Macht der HOlle flieht 

Vor dlescm sdsseu Lied : 
Gelobt sey Jesus Christus I 
acii. tm Hhnmel selbst enchallt, 

Mit heiligem Gawalt 1 Gelobt, 4c. 

l>efl Vnters ewigem "Wort, 

Ertiinet ewijj dort i Gelobt, &x. 
xiJl. ]hr Menecbentlnder sir 

f^ngt iaut im Juneiscliall : Gelobt, ftc 

Tings urn den Erdenkreia, 

Krti>ne Gott aum Prels : Gelobt,. fcc. 
xir. Sinet Hlmmel, Erd* und Mcer, 

Und aller Enamel Heer : Geloht, kc. 

Es pchalle weit und br«Lt, 

In Zeit und Ewigkeit : Gelobt, (t«. 


The only tr. in C. U. is— 

"When mooing gildi the ikies, by E, Caswall, 
lit pub. in H. tfonnby's (ktthotic Hamns, Lond., 
M. t^, 1854 [approbation May 3, 1853], p. 44, 
in 6 st. of 4 I. sad double refrain. In Cas- 
wall's .Masque o/ ifarjr, 1858, 8 st. were added, 
and thus in his Hymns $ Poems, 1873, p. 155, 
in 28 st. of 2 1. and refrain, entitled "The 
Praises of Jesus," the first line being given as 
"Gelobt sey Jeans Christ," which, as will be 
seen above, is the original refrain. The full text 
is given unaltered as No. 269 in the Appendix 
to the H. Noted, 3rd ed., 1807. 

This hymn has attained considerable popularity, and 
ts found In varying centos, as in H, A. it jr., lses-Ja ; 
Siimnary. 1873 ; Bap. ifyHtial, ls?9 ; Scottish J^-ee 
Ckureh J. fit. 1892; Border's CW£., 1894; and in 
America in the -Bop. Praise Bk.,\$l\; E<artg. Hymnal, 
N. Y., ISSBj Lauda Danini. 1S84, and others. Gene- 
rally it appears under Its original first line, \wt in the 
Ptoflft J/., IBM, it la divided into two porta. No. 44S 
beginning " The night becomes as day," which Ib at. xl. 
of the island at. xi. of the text of 1873. [J. M.J 

Being ot Beluga, GJod of Love. C. 

Wesley. [Believers one with Christ.] A 
" Grace after Meat," given in Hys. & Sac. 
Poems, 1739. in 5 st. of 4 1. (P. Work*, 1868- 
72, vol. i. p. 34). In the Druminond & Gre- 
ville Cft. of England H. Bit., 1888, No. 161, 
st i., ii., v. were given as, "Eternal Father, 
God of Love." This was repeated in the 
American Sabbath H, Bh. t 1858. 

Belcher, Joseph, d,d„ a Baptist Mini- 
ster, b. iu Birmingham, England, April 5, 
1794, took up hit residence in America, 1844; 
and d. at Philadelphia, July 10, 1859. He 
pub. nearly 200 works, amongst them, Tlve, 
Baptist Pulpit, 1SS0 ; History of Religious De- 
nomination), 1855 ; and Historical Sketches of 
Hymns, their Writers, and tlieir lufiuencn, 
1859, reprinted at Albany, 1873. This last is 
extremely scrappy, sketchy, gossipy, and by 
no means trustworthy, but it contains some 
fuels and recollections of value, and was for 
years the nearest approach to a general treatise 
on the subject in print. [F. M. U ] 

Bell, Charles Christopher, tbo anthor 
of a few hymns in the Meth. 8. 8. II. Bh. 1 879, 
was b. at Hickling, Notts, Dec. 10, 1815. Mr. 
Bell is a chemist by trade, and a member of 
the Church of England. His hymns fire : — 

1. Ktemol Faiber, bear, we pray. Seenivg, 

2. In tlLanltfut songs our hearts we lift. Thanksgiving, 

3. Jesns, Who callest little ones to Tbee. Etu-lp Piety. 

4. O Toon, Whose love throughout this nay. Evening, 
6. Prai« the Lord, for still if u reignetb. Praise to 


Of these hymns Nob. i aud 5 arc marked 
"Unknown," in the Meth. jS. 8. 11. Bk. Mr. 
Bell's compositions are worthy of more exten- 
sive use than is now nccorded to them. 

Bell, Charles Bent, d.d., b. of Henry 
Humphrey Bell, b. at Warwick Lodge, Magh- 
ernfelt, Ireland, on 10th February, 1818, 
and educated at the Royal Ac.idemy, Edin- 
burgh, and the Royal School, Dungannou, 
and Trinity Coll., Dublin, graduating b.a., 
1812, it.*., 1852, and n.n., 1878. Having 
taken Holy Orders, he was successively Curate 
of Himpton in Anlen, and St. Mary's Chapel, 
Reading, and of St. Mary-in-thc-Castle, Has- 
ting*, 184C ; Incumbent of St. John's Chapel, 
Hftinpsteod, 1854 ; Vicar of Ambleside, 1861 ; 
With Rydal, 1872; and Rector of Cbelteu- 

BEMAN, N. S. B, 


ham, 1872. In 1869 he was also appointed 
Hon. Canon of Carlisle Cathedral. Dr. Bell's 
works include Night Scenes from the Bible, 
1861; Hills that bring Peace, 1872; Tht 
Saintly Calling, 1873 ; Voices from the Lakes, 
1877 : Songs iuthe Twilight, 1881 ; Hymns for 
lite Church and ike Chamber, 1882 ; Songs in 
Many Keys, 1884 ; and for the Religious Tract 
Society, Angelic Beings, and their Nature and 
Ministry. He has also edited an Appendix to 
Dr. "Walker's Cheltenham Psalms and Hymns, 
in 1873 (3th ed. 1878). To this Appendix 
were contributed; — 

1. Another Sabbath closes. Sunday Evening. 

2. Be near as, Triune God. we pray. Jfbtr immy, 

3. Be with us, gracious Lord, to-day. Cbnwcratim 
of a Church. 

4. Cbriet ascends with songs exultant. Attention, 
s. Christ has risen !. let tbe tidings. Bitter. 

6. Come, gracious Saviour, manifest Thy glory. Ad- 

T. From tbe four winds, O living breath. Mixtions. 

8. Good l.ord t the valleys laugh nod eiog. Harvest. 

ft. Lord, at Thy mercy-seat we bow. Inundation 
Stone of Ckurch. 

10. ail me with Thy Spirit, gracious Lord. 11'ait- 

11. O Jcsu, our salvation. Our rropbet, &c General 

12. On the sad nlgbt He was betrayed. Passiantide. 

13. ** Redeem tbe time," God only knows. Time. 

14. The ebodows lengthen, nlgbt will soon be here. 

15. To God tbe Lord, I lift mine eyes. Genei'al. 

16. With grateful heart and voice we raise. Grace 
after Meal. 

These hymns being of recent date are not 
found, save in one or two instances, in any 
other collection than Dr. Bell's Apyiendix to Dr. 
Walker's l's. & Hymns, ami his Appendix to 
thelfy. Comp. noted below. With tbe exception 
of Nos. 14 and 16, the above were republished 
in Dr. Bell's Hymns for Church and Chamber, 
Loud., J. Nisbut & Co., 1882. This woik also 
contains other hymns of merit, and should be 
consulted in preparing a Collection for con- 
gregational cir private use. In 1884, Dr. Bell 
added an Appendix Selected fw the Vie of 
Chdtcultam Churches to the Hy. Gamp., in 
which he embodied the hymns givin in hU 
former Appendix, and aildeti thereto the fol- 
lowing hymns from his Hijt.for the Cliurch (t 
Ckandw :— 

IT. Qrest God, Tliy people's dwelling-place. The 
.Ww i'wr. 

Is. J i e givctli 1 1 is lrt?iovc<l sleep. Mafetg during Sleep. 

19, D ],amb of God, AViio tlied our souls to win, 
Peace with. t,"otl dezired. 

20. O Saviour Christ, catlLToncd at ttod's liglit hADd. 
Christ the Anointed One, 

31. Rest in the Lord. Oh, -words of love. SscJtortatian 
to trust in God. 
In addition to these there were also given : — 

22. For Erin plead we, God of love. Hymn for 

23. Jesu, our bright k Morning Star, fioiphany. 

[J. J.] 

Bell, Jane Crow. [Simpson, J. ft] 

Bemavn, Nathan Sidney Smith, n.n., 
was b. at Canaan, Columbia Co., N. Y., Nov. 
27, 1785; and graduated at Middloburg Col- 
lege, Vermont, 1807. He was a Congregational 
Pastor at Portland, Maine, 18 10-1 'i ; Minister 
iu Georgia, 1812-22; and Pastor of the First 
Presbyterian Church, Troy, N. Y., 1823- 
63. He d. at Corbondale, Illinois, Aug. 8, 
1871. He edited Sacred Lyrics, Troy, 1832, 
and an enlarged collection und<r the same 
title, 1841. The latter was adopted by the 



Now School Presbyterian Geueral Assembly 
as the Church Pialmist, 1847. Dr. Beraan is 
known in liymtiody mainly through his 
three hynvns which are in common use * — 

1. Jeau*, we how beton Thy throne. Missions. 
This appeared in I>r. Hastings's Spiritual Songi, 
1631, No. 174, in 4 it. of 4 I. 

1, Jeuu, I eoma to Thee. £u&.in'ss*cm to CArisl. 

5. H&rfc, the judgment trumpet unuulinf . Judg- 
ment. The last two were first pub.inhisSncced 
Lyrics, 1832, and alt are given in Dr. Hatfield's 
Church H. Bk., 1872. Dr. Beman's hymns are 
unknown to English collections. [F. M. B.] 

Benedioite. This canticle U given in 
the Septuttgint Tension of Holy Scriptures, 
and is therein a part [verse 33 to middle of 
v. 66] of the prayer of Azarins in the furDiice, 
whien occurs between tt. 23 and 21 of Dan.iii. 
It is not in the Hebrew version of the Holy 
Scriptures, and on this ground, amongst others, 
it is omitted from the Authorised Version. Its 
use iu the CUurcb, an a Canticle, dates from a 
rery early period. It win the Greek, Ambrosian, 
MozaraMc, .Roman, Sarum, and other Office- 
books, usually at Lauds for Sundays and Festi- 
vals, but varying iu form anil length, full 
detatlb of which are given in Dr. Smith's 
Vict, of Ckristian Antiquities, Art. Benedidte. 
In addition to the renderings into Latin for 
the use of the Western Church, the following 
are versions in English, the first of which, 
after that iu latin as noted above, is the 
Version iu tlie Bk. of Common Prayer :— 

1. all ye works of the Lard. By whom this 
rendering from the Latin was made is not known. 

£. all ye works of God the Lord. Anon, in 
PI ay ford 's musical ed. of the Oid Version, 1677, 
and thence into the Supp. to the Xew Version, 
ed. 1708. 

8. Ye works of God, on Kin alone. By James 
Merrkk, from his Nys. ij- Poems on Snored Sub- 
jects, 1763. 

f i Angels holy, hifh and lowly, Py J. S. Blackie. 
This rendering of the Benedkite appeared iu 
Dr. Bonar's Bible If. Bk., 1845, No. BO, in 12 st. 
of 6 1., and again in Br. Blnckie's Lays anil Le- 
gends of Ajtrieiit Greece, 1857, p. 163, in 7 st. of 
4 1., and headed " Benedicite." Professor Blackie, 
in a note thereto, says ; — 

"This hymn vu composed by jne for the very 
Beautiful Jiurscben melody, Mlet Schteeige, the music 
and words of which will be found in the collection <jf 
Jiiirschen 2delodies, published by me in Tait't Maffa- 
zitie for 1840, vol. vli r p. 1356. Many of these melodies, 
though used on convivial occasions, have a solemnity 
About them. In virtue of -which they are well fitted for 
tlic service of the Sanctuary " (p. 339). This rendering 
of the Benctiieitt Is gaining lu popular favour, and is 
found Lu several hymnals. 

6. all ye worka of Cod morfhigh. This para- 
phrase was given in various numbers of The 
Smid.ty at Home, in 1885. It is by the Rev. 
Eichard Wilton. 

Strictly speaking, Nos. 2, 3, and 5 are not in 
C. U. In addition to the above renderings 
there are also :— 

(I) Sottffqftte Three Children Paraphrased, <£r. By 
Louly Chudleiffh. London, 1703. This is reprinted in 
her Poem*, 17U9. (a) Hong of thr. Three Children in 
English Verse. By JV. Le M&. Ijmduil. Printed by 
J. Morpheui. [Cir. 1TZI).] Thiswaa editedbyS. Wesley, 
jun. (3) Irtffine Rymft&, or A Paraj>li,fi££ ttjtatt the Jk 
Jletm. & Benedicite. Cambridge, T. Walker, lorn. 

[J. J.] 


Benedict, Erastua Cornelius, ll.c, 
b. at Brant'ord, Connecticut, March 13, 1800, 
and educated at Williams College, graduating 
in 1821. In 1824 lie was called to the Bar; 
and from 1850-34 was President of the New 
York Board of Education. He was also 
Kegent of New York University, anil filled 
other important posts of honour. He d. in 
New York, Oot. 22, 1880. He published 
several works, including the Hymn of St. Hil- 
debert, N. Y., 1867. In 1868, ho contri- 
buted ''Jesus, I love Thee evermore," a tr. 
of " O Deus, ego amo To " (q. v.), and " With 
terror thou dost strike me now," a tr. of 
"Gravi me terroro pulsus" (q. v.), to Dr. 
Schaff's Christ in Song. [F. M, B.] 

Benedicts, sit beata Trtnltas. [Holy 

Trinity."] An anonymous sequence, the text 
of which is included in the Sarutn, York, 
and Hereford Mitmls as the sequence for Tri- 
nity Sunday. In the reprint of the York 
Missal (Surtees Society, vol. 60) it is noted 
that it is No. 24, among the Proses and Se- 
quences from the Bodleian us., 775 (written 
in the reign of Ethelred, sometime between 
991-1017). In this MS. it is headed " In pre- 
tiosa solemnitate Pentecostes." It is also iu 
on 11th cent. Winchester collection of 
Sequences, now in Corpus Christi College, 
Cambridge, No. 473. Tr. as, "All blessing 
to the Bleesid Three," by C. S. Calverley, 
made for and 1st pub. in the Hymnary, 1870- 
72, No. 336, in 9 St. of 4 I. . [W. A. S.] 

Benediotus. Translations into English 
of this Song of Zachnrias (St. Luke i., 68-79) 
are given in the various versions of the Holy 
Scripture, those best known being the P. Bk. 
version in the Morning Prayer, the A. V. 1611, 
and the Bevieed V. of 1881. In addition there 
aro metrical renderings in the form of hymns 
in the 0. V. of Sterniiold and Hopkins; the 
N. V. of Tate and Brady, and the following : — 

(1) Drayton's ffomwny of the Church, IBSlj (21G. 
Vihhn'elfys.andSongtqfthe Church, 1623-31; (3)0. 
SiiudyG's the Psatmi, 1636 ; (4) Simon Ford's 
Pi. of Jiavid, less i (5) Bp. Patrick's Pt. of J)ai<(d in 
Xttre, and ed„ less. [W. T. B.] 

Bengel, Johann Albrecht, s. of Al- 
brecht Bengel, diaconus at Winnenden, near 
Waiblingen, Wurttemberg, was b. nt IVinnen- 
don, June 24, 1087. After the completion of 
bis theological studies at Tubingen (ji. a. 1704, 
d.d. 1751), ho became assistant at SFetzin- 
gen, near Uraeh, in 1707, Ke[ifctent at Tubin- 
gen in 1708, and assistant (general preaclier) 
at Stuttgart in 171 1. In 1713 he was ap- 
pointed Proceptor and preacher at the Clois- 
ter School of Denkendorf, near Esslingen. 
His pupils were mostly preparing for the 
Church, and during Ids tenure of office 
some 300 passed through his hands. In 1741 
he was appointed Prelate of Hcrbrechtiugen ; 
and in 1749 Prelate of Alpirsbach (the highest 
post in the Church of Wiirttembei'g) and 
member of the Consistory. He d. at Stuttgart, 
Nov. 2, 1752 {Koch, V. 89-93, AUg. Beuttelie 
Biog., ii. 331-:i33; Bode, 43-44). As a theo- 
logian and ecclesiastic Bengel exercised a 
great and ahiding influence in WiirttcinbeTg. 
As a hymn-ivriter he was not prolific, and few 
of his hymns btj still in use. One has been 
tr, into English, via ; — 


Xeh tedenk mo deine Wnndeji. [Cross and Con- 
talatUm.'] 1st pub. as a companion to Meditation 
v. in S. fjrlsperger's Dcr Ar.j710.tcn Qcaundkcit 
tutd der Sterbenden Lebeti, Stuttgart, 1723, p. 
423, in 8 st. of 8 1., entitled "On believing and 

Salient suffering." Included as No. 867 in the 
lannover. G. U. t 1740. Sometimes erroneously 
ascribed to Urlsperger. The only tr. in C. U. 
is, " III think upon the woes," omitting st. ii., 
iv., v., as No, 579, in the American Bap. Psalmist, 
1843. [J. M.] 

Benigna-Marla, daughter of Count 
Heir/rich xxvui. of Beuss-Ebersdorf, was b. 
at Ebersdorf, Dec IS, 1G95. Under the 
tuition of.Ulrich Bugislaus v. Benin, she 
attained a high culture, and became conversant 
with Latin, Greek, and Hebrew. After the 
death of her parents she retired to a manor- 
house, near Pottiga, in the district of Loben- 
stein, and d. there July 31, 1751. 

She was during all her life an invalid, but bore her 
afflictions with a meek and quiet spirit, and was ever 
humble In heart, fervent in prayer, and loving to all 
whom she thought to be of the truth, rich and poor 
alike. She regarded her brother-in-law, Count Nl L. 
von Ziniendorf, as a schismatic, yet her hynms breathe 
the Hermhut spirit, ana wtre mostly published in the 
Moravian hymn-books (AVea, iv. 160-439). Of her 
hymns those tr. into English are i — 

Zomm fa(«n uu der HSh, [Before Wori.'] 1st 
pub. as No. 522 in the S.imnUwny Geist-vnd lieb- 
Itoher Licder, Leipzig und Gorliti, 1725, in 4 st. 
of 8 I. In the WUrttemberg G. S., 1842, No. 
518, altered and omitting st. il. This is tr. as : — 

Attend, Lord, my daily toil. A good tr. from 
the Wurtt. G. B., contributed by Dr, R, P. Dunn 
to Sacred Lyrics from the German, Philadelphia, 
1859, p. 155, nnd thence, as No. 393, in Board- 
man's Set., Philadelphia, 1861. Another tr. is : — 
"God's blessingfromonhigh descend," by Dr. G. 
Wslker, 18ti0, p. 49. 

iL Has ist mir. lieb, doss msiae Stimm nnd 
Flehea. [Pa. cxii^ 1725, as above, No. 14, in 11 
st. The trs. are:— (1) "This yields me joy," 
No. 584, in the Moravian H. Bk., 180! (1849, 
No. 710). (2) "The time will !ome," of st. v. 
as st. ii., of No. 984, in the Moravian If. Bk., 
1801 (1849, No. 1235). [J. M.] 

Bennett, Henry, b. nt Lyme Eegis, 
April 18, 1813, nnd d. nt Ldinglon, Nov. 12, 
1808. His hymns, written at various datw, 
were collected and pnb, as follows : — 

(1) Hymn* oy IT. B., Loud. : Printed for the Author, 
1S6*. This contained 25 pieces. (2) ifywtm oy the 
late Henry Bennett, 2nd ed., Isfl9. This Mas pub. by 
request, with additional hymns (32 in all, and e un- 

From these editions of his Hymns, " Cling 
to the Mighty One," and "'I have n home 
above," are in extensive use. The following 
arc also inC. U.: — 

1. Jesus, my [the) Holy One. Jam for Men. 

H. Lord Jesus, hide Thy people. Jesus AU in AIL 

Bennett, M. E., nge Dampier, dnu. of 
W. J. Dampier, h,a., Vicar of Cuggeshull, 
Essex, and wife of the Rev. J. W. Bennett, 
Vienr of St, Taul's, South Hampat; ad, pub. in 
1882 :— 

Hymns for C*tW>fa of the fitlfilinl* <7harck .* being 
Simple Verses for every Sunday and JMy Hay in the 
Oii-iitian Year, Load, W, Puole [lasi!]. 

From this wort the following hymns were 
given iu The Universal Hynrn Book (1SS5);— 



1. As by the wondrous working of the biessed holy 
Dove. Christmat. 

2. Christ Is our Great High Priest. Epistle 6th S. in 

3. The in&nt Saviour, very eoon. Circumcision. 
These hymns, in common with many others 

in Mra. Btunett'stwork, were written in 1881. 

Bernstein, Christian Andreas, was b. 

at Domuitz, near Ha'le, where his lather, 
Daniel Bernstein, was pastor. After com- 
pleting his studies nt Halle, he was appointed, 
in 1695, by A. H, Francke, a tutor in tho 
Padagogium there; was then ordained as 
assistant to his father (probably at the end of 
1G9C) ; and d. at Domuitz, Oct. 18, 1699 (Koeh, 
iv. 365, AUg. Deutsche Biog. ii. 484). 

From extracts from the irti-cAenoHcTl of Domuitz 
kindly sent by Pastor Tauer, it appears that Bernetein 
was baptized there, July 12, 1672, and thus was pro- 
bably b. July 9. He signed the boot as assistant to 
his father on March S. 1891. The funeral sermon, 
Oct. 20, 1699, was preached at bis request by Francke, 
from Lsaiah Ixl, The statement by his father (who 
survived till Feb. 27, 1112), that Christian d, at the 
age of 2f years, 3 mouths, and 2 days, and in the 
3rd month and and day of bis age, and 3rd year, 14th 
week of his ministry, set>ws hardly reconcilable with 
the other facts. 

In Freylinghauscn's G. B., 1704-5, six of 
his hymns were included, four of which have 
been tr. into English : — 

1. Drj Kinder das Hochsteni wie iteht't am die 
Lieb;. '.Brotherly Lone.] 1104, as above, No. 336, lit 
D sl Previously in G. Arnold's Gtlttlicht Sophia, Jjelp. 
zig, Iyoo, pt. 11. p. 300, as No. 1. ol the "Some hltherlo 
unknown hytnos," Tr, as i — " We in one covenant 
are joined," of st, v, by J. Swertner, as No. 331 in 
the Moravian If. Bk n 17ao. 

ii. Main Vater ! zeuce mich, dein Kind, naeh 
deuum Hilda, [tfunes attd Offices qf Vfwist.] 1704, 
as above, Ko. 02, in 14 at. The Irs. are : — 

(1) "My Father! form Thy Child according; to Thine 
Image," by /. P. Jaevbi, 1122, p. 125 (1732, p, IS). 
(2) "Fatter, make nte Thy child," No. 646 lu pu i of 
the KcT-atiait H. Bk., 1154. 

iu. Schonater aller SehoBen. [Love to ChrisQ 
1st pub. in tbe Geistreichcs G. B„ Halle, 1691, p. 246, in 
8st. Tr. as:— "Fairest of all beauliep," No. 681 lu 
pt. i, of the Moravian H. Bk., 1 1 54. 

iv. Zuletzt gehte wchl dem dor gereoht auf Erden, 
[Oross & Rmjototion,] 1104, as above, Ko. 440, In J nt. 
The trs. are ; — 

(1) "At last he's well, who thro' tbe Blood of Jesns," 
No. 693, in pt. i. of the jreraxian //. Ilk,, lis*. Altered 
17s9, and clunged in metre, 1801, beginning " At last 
he's lleet," (2) "At IftRt ell shall be well with those. 
Ills own," by Miss UorUiwicfc, i Uj ff. L. L., ISieflSOS, 
p 22H ; 18S4, p. 172). [J, M.] 

Benson, Ed-ward "WTiite, d.d., Arcli- 
bishop of Canterbury, s. of Edward "Whito 
Benson, of York, was born at Birmingham, 
14th July, 1820, and (dented nt King Ed- 
ward's School in that town, (tiul Trirjily Coll., 
Cambridge. At Birmingham his contempo- 
raries u ii tier the head maste/isliip of Dr. Prineo 
Lee, subsequently first Bishop of Manchester, 
included Dr. Westcott, and Dr. Liglitfoot, 
Bishop of Durham, At Cambridge he took 
tho high position of Sen. Opt. and 1st el. 
Classicnt Tripou, winning ako the distinction 
of Senior Chancellor's Classical Midallist. 
He subsequently bcciiuo a Fellow of his 
College, In 1852 he passed from Cnmbridgo 
to Ilugby ns assistant master; in 18o9 from 
Rugby to Wellington College, of which he was. 
Head Master for fourteen years ; iu 1872 fioua 
Wellington College to Lincoln, as Chancellor 
of tho Cathedral ; in 1877 from Lincoln to 
Truio,astbe first Bishop of tlmt Diocese ; imd 



in 1883 from Truro to Canterbury, as the Pri- 
mate of All England. In addition to these 

appointments he was also Prebendary of Lin- 
coln and Chaplain to the Queen. The sterling 
value of Dr. Benson's work at Wellington Col- 
lege, at Lincoln, and at Truro, is strongly em- 
phasised by his appointweut to Canterbury. 
His literary labours have not been, very exten- 
sive ; but as a contributor to the Dictionary 
of Christian Biography, and the author of 
Work, Friendship, Wor&lrip (University Ser- 
mons at Cambridge), 1871 ; Boy Life ; Sun- 
day! in Wellington College, 1874, and Single- 
heart, 1877, he is well and favourably known. 
His hymnologioal work embraces the co-editor- 
ship of the 1356 edition of the Bugby School 
Hymn-book ; tho editorship of the Wellington 
College Chapd Hymn Book, 1360, 1863, 1873, 
the translation of various Latin and Greek 
hymns, including Angulare Fwidamentum; 
Tristee Grant ApostoU ; Diet Irae ; O Luce 
Qui mortalibut; Te Heit ante Urminam; *Ss 
iKapiif Ityiit Siijiit (q. v.), and a limited 
number of original hymns. Of the latter the 
beet is the Bogatiou Hymn, "O throned, O 
crowned with all renown" (q. v.). [J. J.] 

Benson, Biohard Meux, m.a., edu- 
cated at Christ Church, Oxford ; b.a., in 
honours, 1847, H.A., 1819. On taking Holy 
Orders, he becuino curate of St. Murk's, Sur- 
biton, 1819 ; and Vicar of Cowley, Oxford, 
1850. He is also Student of Christ Church, 
Oxford, His works include Tlte Witdomoflhe 
Son of David ; Bedamption, 18C1 ; The Divine 
Bvle of Prayer, and others. His hymns, " O 
Thou whose all redeeming might," a tr. of 
" Joan, Redemptor omnium, q. v., and 
" Praise to God Who reigns above," were con- 
tributed to H. A. dt if., 1861. 

Bernard of Clairvaux, saint, abbot, 
and doctor, fills one of the most conspicuous 
positions in the history of the middle ages 
His father, Tecclin, or Tesselin, a knight of 
great bravery, was the friend and vassal of the 
Duke of Bui gundy. Bernard was born at his 
father's castle on the eminence of Les Fon- 
taines, near Dijon, in Burgundy, in 1091. He 
was educated at Cliatilloii, where ho was distin- 
guished for his studious and meditative habits. 
The w»rld, it would be thought, would have 
had overpowering attractions for a youth who, 
like Bernard, had all the advantages that 
high birth, great personal beauty, graceful 
manners, and irresistible influence could give, 
but, strengthened in tiie resolve by night 
visions of his mother (who had die;! iu. 1105), 
he chose a life of asceticism, and became a 
monk. In company with an uncle and two of 
bis brothers, who had been won over by his 
entreaties, ho entered tlie monastery of 
Citcaux,the first Cistercian foundation, iu 1113. 
Two years later he was sent forth, at the head 
of twelve monks, from tho rapidly increasing 
and overcrowded abbey, to found a daughter 
institution, which iu spite of difficulties mid 
privations which would hive daunted less de- 
termined men, they succeeded in doing, in the 
Valley of Wormwood, about four milts from 
tho Abbey of La Perte— itself an earlier 
swarm from the same parent hive — on IheAube. 
On the death of Pope Honoriiis II., in 1130, 
the Sacred College was rent by factions, one 


of which elected Gregory of St. Angelo, who 
took the title of Innocent II., while another 
elected Peter Leonis, under that of Anacletua 
II. Innocent fled to France, and the question 
as to whom the allegiance of the King, Louis 
VI., and the French bishops was due was left 
by them for Bernard to decide. At a council 
held at Etampes, Bernard gave judgment in 
favour of Innocent. Throwing himself into 
the question with all the ardour of a vehement 
partisan, he won over both Henry I., tho 
English king, and Lothair, the German em- 
peror, to support the same cause, and then, in 
1133, accompanied Innocent TL., who was sup- 
ported by Lothair and his army, to Italy and 
to Homo. When Lothair withdrew, Innocent 
retired to Pisa, aud Bernard for awhile to his 
abbey of Clairvaux. It was not until after 
the death of Anacletua, the antipope, in 
January, 1138, and the resignation of his suc- 
cessor, the cardinal-priest Gregory, Victor II., 
that Innocent DZ., who had returned to Rome 
with Bernard, was universally acknowledged 
Pope, a result to which no one had so greatly 
contributed as the Abbot of Clairvaux. The 
influence of the latter now became paramount 
in tho Church, ns was proved at the Lateran 
Council of 1139, tho laTgett council ever col- 
lected together, where tho decrees in every 
line displayed the work of his master-hand. 
After having devoted four years to the ser- 
vice of the Pope, Bernard, early in 1135, 
returned to Clairvaux, In 1137 be was again 
at Rome, impetuous and determined as ever, 
denouncing the election of a Cluuino instead 
of a Claiivaux monk to the see of Langrus 
in France, and in high controversy in conse- 
qnenco with Peter, the gentle Abbot of 
Cluny, and the Archbishop of Lyons. Tho 
question was settled by the deposition by the 
Pope of the Clunitie and the elevation of a 
Clairvaux monk (Godfrey, a kinsman of St 
Bernard) into hU pluce. In 1143, Bernard 
raised an almost similar question as to the 
election of St. William to the seo of York, 
which was settled much after the same 
fashion, tho deposition, after a time, if only 
for a time, of William, anil the intrusion of 
another Clairvaux monk, Henry Muidae, or 
Muiduch, into the archiLpiscopal see. Mean- 
time between these two lUtta — in 1140 — the 
condemnation of Peter Abtlaid and his tenets, 
in which matter Bernard aprteared person- 
ally as prosecutor, took placo at a council 
held at Sens. Abelard. condemned at Sens, 
appealed to Rome, and, resting nuhilo on 
his way thither, at Cluny, where Peter still 
presided as Abbot, died there in 1142. St. 
Bernard was next called upon to exercise his 
unrivalled powers of persuasion in a very 
different cause. Controversy over, he preached 
a crusade. The summer of 1146 was spent by 
him in traversing France to rouse the people 
to engage in the second cmsade ; the autumn 
with a like ohjeot in Germany. Iu both 
countries the effect of his appearance and elo- 
quence was marvellous, almost miraculous. 
The population seemed to rise en matte, and 
take up the cross. In 1147 the expedition 
started, a vast horde, of which probably not a 
tenth ever reached Palestine. It proved a 
complete failure, and a miserable remnant 
shared the flight of their leaders, the Em- 


peior Conrad, and Louis, King of France, and 
returned home, defeated &ud disgraced. The 
blame was thrown upon Bernard, and Lis 
apology for his part in the matter is extant. 
He wag not, however, for long to bear up 
against reproach; he died in the 63rd year of 
his age, in 1153, weary of the world and glad 
to be at reBt 

With the works of St. Bernard, the best ed. of which 
was pub. by JfobiUonat Paris in the earl; part of the lath 
cent.(lTls), we ore notconcernedbere,e&oeptas regards 
his contributtons, few and for between aa they are, to the 
stores of Latin bymnology. There hu been »o much 
doubt thrown upon tho authorship of the hymns which 
usually go by hie name,— notably by his editor, jlfabftfon 
himself,— that it ts fmpossfble to claim any of tbem as 
having been certainly written by him; but Archbishop 
Trench, than whom we have no greater modern 
authority on such a point, la satisfied that tbe attribution 
of tbem all, except the "Cur mundus milltat," to 
St. Bernard 1* correct. "If he did not write," the 
Archbishop says, "It is not easy to guess who could 
have written them; and indeed they bear profoundly 
the stamp of bla mind, being only inferior In beauty to 

Tbe hymns by which St. Bemanl la beat known as a 
writerof sacred poetry are : (1.)" Josu dulcis memoria," 
along poem on the "Name of Jesui" — known aa tbe 
■* Jubilus of St. Bernard," and among medlarval writers 
as the " Boay Hymn." It 1b, perhaps, the best specimen 
of what jVeale describes as tto "subjective loveliness" of 
ha author's compositions, (a.) ** Solve mundl Salu* 
tare," an address to the various limbs of Christ on the 
cross. It consists of OSO lines, W lines being addressed 
to each. (3.1 "l^ictabundue, exultet fldelis chorua: 
Alleluia." This sequence was in use all over Europe, 
ft.) "Cum sit omnia homo ftienum," (&.} "lit 
iuennnas cervus undas." A poem of 63 lines, and well 
known, is claimed for St. Bernard by Hmnmey in bid 
SvppleAentaTA Patnan, Paris, less, p. 16&, but on what 
Archbishop Trench, who quotes it at length, (Sac. int. 
Poetry, p. 242J deems "grounds entirely insufficient," 
(a.) "Eheu, Eheu, mundl ilia," or "Heu, Hen, mala 
mundi vita." A poem of nearly 400 lines, is sometimes 
claimed for St. Bernard, but according to Trench,** on no 
authority whatever." (I.) "O mtranda vanitas." This 
Is Included in Wabfllon'a ed. of St. Bernard's rfor&r. 
It Is also atlributed to hint by /tombacfe, vol. i. p. 279. 
Many other hymns and sequences are attributed to St. 
Bernard. Trent*, speaks of a ■■ general aacription to him 
of any poems of merit belonging to that period whereof 
the autborahip was uncertain." Hymns, translated from, 
or rounded on, St. Bernard's, will be found In almost 
every hymnat of the day, details of which, together with 
many others not In common use, will be found under 
the foregoing Latin first lines. [D. S. W.] 

Bernard of Morlais, or of Cluny, 

for ho is equally well known by both titles, 
was mi Englishman by extraction, both his 
parents being natives of this country. He was 
h., howovor, in France very early in the 
12th cent, tit Morlaix, Bretagne, Little or 
nothing is known of his life, beyond the foot 
that lie entered the Abbey of Cluny, or which 
at that time Peter the Venerable, who filled 
the post from 1122 to 1156, was the head. 
There, so far as we know, ho spent his whole 
after-life, and there he probably died, though 
the exact date of hia death, as well ns of his 
birth is unrecorded. Tiie Abbey of Cluny 
was at that period at tho zenith of its wealth 
and fame. Its buildings, especially its church 
(which was unequalled by any in France); 
the services thereiu, renowned fur the ehvburatu 
order of their ritual ; and its community, the 
most numerous of any like institution, gave it 
a position nnd au influence, such as no other 
monastery, perhaps, evor reached. Every- 
thing about it was splendid, almost luxurious. 
Jt wee amid such surroundings that Bernard 
of Cluny spent his leisure hours in compos- 
ing that wondrous satire against tbe vice* and 
follies of his age, which has supplied — and it 


is the only satire that ever did so — some of 
the most widely known and admired hymns 
to tho Church of to-day. His poem De Con' 
temjtfu Mundi remains as an imperishable 
monument of an, author of whom we know 
little besides except his name, and that a 
name overshadowed in bis own day and in ours 
by his mote illustrious contemporary and 
namesake, the saintly Abbot of Clairvaux. 

The poem itself consists of about 3000 lines In • metre 
which B technically known as iMHini CritUrM TrUicet 
Dactylici, or more familiarly — to use Br. Scale's de- 
•cripHouinhisiftdHmiat^BHK, p. S»— "itisadactylic 
hexameter, divided into three parts, between which a 
caesura. Is inadmissible. Tbe hexameter haa a tailed 
rhyme, and feminine leonine rhyme between the two 
first cUuses, thus:— 

" Tunc nova gloria, pectora sobrfa, clarlncablt : 
Solvit enlgmata, veraque sabbaid, continuabit, 
Fatria lumitrfr, Inscla turbfttfj, Inscia litis 
Cive replefriftfr, amplitica&itiir Israelltls." 

The difficulty of writing at all, much more of writing a 
poem of such length In a metre of this description, will 
be as apparent to all readers of It, as It was to the writer 
himself, who attributes his successful accomplishment 
of his task entirely to the direct Inspiration of ihe Spirit 
of God. " Non ego snroganter," he says in his preface, 
" acd omnlno humillter, et ob id aiidenter amrmaverlm, 
quia nisi spiritus sapicntlae et intellectus mini afloisset 
ct affluidsset, tarn dlmoill metro tarn longum opua con- 
texere non euitinuissem." 

As to tbe character of the metre, on the other hand, 
opinions have widely differed, for while Dr. Neale, in his 
Mediaeval ITymnt, speaks of lis " majestic sweetness," 
and In his preface to tbe JmytAm qf Bernard de Jforlaix 
en the Cdutial Country, says that ft seems to him " one 
of the loveliest of mediaeval measures •" Archbishop 
Trench in his Sac. Lat, Poetry, IBIS. p. 311, says " it 
must be confessed that" these dactylic heiwucter* 
M present aa unattractive a garb for poetry to wear as 
can well be Imagined ;" and, a few lines further on, notes 
"the awkwardness and impulsiveness of the metre," 
The truth perhaps lies between these two very opposite 
criticisms. Without seeking io claim for the nwire all 
that Dr. Neale is willing to attribute to it, it may be 
fairly said to be admirably adapted for tbe purpose to 
which It has been applied by Bernard, whoso awe-stricken 
self-abasement as be contemplates in tbe spirit of tbe 
publican, 44 who would not to much as lift up his eyes unto 
heaven," the Joys and the glory of the celestial country, 
or sorrowfully reviews the vices of his age, or solemnly 
denounces God's Judgments on tbe reprobate, it elo- 
quently pourtraya. So much is this the case, that the 
prevailing sentiment of tho poem, tliat, viz., or an 
awful apprehension of tbe Joys of heaven, the enormity 
of sin, and the terrors of hell, seems almust wholly lost 
in such translations as that of Dr. Ne&le. Beautiful as 
they are as hymns, "llrief life Is liere our portion," 
" Jerusalem tbe Golden," and their companion extracts 
from this great work, are far too Jubilant to give uny 
idea of the prevailing tone of tbe original, (See 
Han Koviasima.) 

In the original poem of Bernard it should 
be noted that the same fault has been ro- 
marked by Archbishop Trench, Dean Stan- 
ley, and Dr. Ncale, which may bo given in the 
Archbishop's words as excusing at tlio same 
time both the want, which still exists, of a 
voiy close translation of any part, and of a 
complete and continuous rendering of the 
whole poem. "The poet," observes Arch- 
bishop Trench, " instead of advancing, eddies 
round and round his object, recurring aguin 
and again to tliat whiols be seemed thoroughly 
to have discussed and dismissed." Son. Lat. 
Poetry, 1873, p. 311. On other grounds also, 
more especially the character of the vices 
which the author lashes, it is alike impossible 
to expect, and undesirable to obt/iin, a literal 
translation of tho whole. We may well be 
content with what we already owe to it as 
additions to our stores of church-hymns. 

[I). 8. W.] 



Berridge, John, b. at Kingston, Notts, 
March 1> 1716, and educated at Clare Hall, 
Cambridge. In 1719 he was ordained as 
cuTate to the parish of Stapleford, near Cam- 
bridge, and in 1755 he was preferred to the 
Vicarage of Everton, whero he d., Jan. 22, 
1793. Bis epitaph, written by himself for his 
own toral»Btone (with date of death filled in), 
is au epitome of his life. It reads :— 

" Here lies the. remalnB of John Berridge, Ut* Vicar of 
Everton, and an Itinerate servant of Jesus Christ, who 
loved his Master and HIb work \ and after running on 
Rig errands for many years, was caught up to wait on 
Him above. Reader! art thin born again ? (Noaalvo- 
t!on without a new birth.) I wosbom in sin, February, 
11 16 j remained ignorant of my fallen state tiil 17 30; 
lived proudly on faith and works for salvation till 17*4. j 
was admitted to Kvorton Vicarage, 1155 ; fled to Jesus 
for refuge, 1765; fell asleep In Jesus, January 22, 1793." 

The first collection of Berrtdge's hymns was 
pub. as A Collection of Divine Songs, 176*. 
This was subsequently suppressed. In 1785 
bis StWs Songs ; m; Hymns composed for the 
use of Utem that tone and foUwe the Lord Jesus 
Christ in Sincerity were pub. The work 
contains 312 hymn?, some of which lutd 
previously appeared in the Gospel Magazine 
(from 1775 to 1777, 20 in all), under the sig- 
nature of " Old Ever ton " and others were 
adapted from C. "Wesley. The most popular 
of these in modern collections are, "Jestis, 
cast a look on me ;" " O happy saints who 
dwell in light;" and "Since Jesus freely did 
appear." Concerning his hymns pub. in 
1785, lie Buys in his Preface : — 

"Twelve years Ago these hymns were composed in a 
six monlhh' Illness, and have since Laid neglected by 
me, often threatened with the fire, hut have escaped 
tnat martyrdom." [J. J.j 

Bertram, Robert Altken, s. of Rev. 
J. M. Bertram, v.v., of St. Helena, b. at 
Hftuley, 1836, and educated nt Owen's 
College, Manchester, and as a Congregational 
ministir has laboured in St. Helena, Mau- 
chpstcr, Barnstaple, Nottingham ant! Llnnclly. 
Mr. Bertram is author of several works, in- 
cluding A Dietiattary of Poetical Illustrations, 
1877; A Homilttie Encyclopaedia of Illustra- 
tions in Theology and Morals, 1880 and was 
also one of the editors of The Cavendish Hym- 
nal, prepnred in 1861 for tiio use of tlie congre- 
gation of Itev. Josejrh Parker, n.D.,at that time 
minister of Cavendish Chapel, Manchester. 
To that collection he contributed, under the 
initials "Ii. A. B.," the following hymns, 
severrd of which have passed into otlicr 
hynm-t.ooks ;— 

I. As kings and priests we hope to shine- f?ross and 

3. Behold Thy servant, Lord. Induction of a 

3. Father of Jesus, Lord of Love, Love to God desired. 

■4, Jesus, hail, Thou Lord of glory. Ascension. 

6, Look down. Lord, In love on these, Jtectptitm 
into Church Mtmbersh ip. 

fl. Lord of glory, throned on high. ClLildren'a Ifymn 
for yew Tear. 

*i. Met to remember Thee, Lord, Holy Com- 

S. O Christ, with all Thy members one. Oneness with 

B. Our hearts still joy in Th^e. &tnday. 

10. Saviour, still the same Thou art, jlvly Baptiton 

II. Seeking, Lord, Thy word to heed. X. i*. Mocker's 

IS. Sing loud for Joy, ye saints of Qod. Reception 
into Church Membership. 

13, Spirit of life, and power and light., -Whitsuntide. 

14. Swiftly fly, our changeful days. Sunday, 


15. Ten thousand thousand are Tby hosts. £&»» 
tnunion of Saints. 

IB. Thanks to Tby Name for evety pile. Opening 
of a Flcce of Worship. 

If. Thou Prince of life, our praises hear, ratsion- 

Is. With vision purged byThtneowngrace. Heaven* 

The hymn on "Hope," "Bending before 
Thy throne on high," in the Cavendish Hym- 
nal, 1864, was contributed thereto by Mrs. 
Mary Ann Bertram, wife of our author, b. 
mi, and d. 1861. [W. II. R) 

Beset with snares on every hand. 

P. Doddridge. [Mary's choice.'] This hymn 
is not in Die d. mss. It was 1st pub. by J. 
Ortoit in the posthumous ed. of Doddridge's 
Hymns, 1755. No. 207, in 1 St. of 1 3., and 
headed "Mary's Choice of the Better Part;" 
and again in J. D. Humphreys's ed. of the 
some, 1839. Although used but sparingly in 
the hymnals of G. Britain, in America it U 
fouud in many of the leading collections, and 
especially in those belonging to the Unita- 
rians. The tr. — "In vitae dubio tramite 
transeo," in Bingham's Hymno. Christ. Lot, 
1871, p. 109 — is mode from an altered text 
in Biokerstcth's Christian Psalmody, 1833. 

Beenault, Ahb6, a Priest of St. Maurice, 
Sens, in 1726, and one of the contributors to 
the Clitniac Breviary, 1686, aud the Paris 
Breviary, 1736. 

Bestow, dear Lord, upon our youth. 
W. Cowper. [For the Young.] This hymn is 
the second of three " Hymns before Annual 
Sermons to Young People, on New Year's 
Evenings" (the 1st and 3rd being by J. New- 
ton), which were pub. in the Olixey Hymns, 
1779, Bk, ii., No. 8, in 6 st. of 4 1. and signed 
"C." In Cotterill's Sel, 1S10, No. 93, it w.ib 
given as — " Bestow, Lord, upon our youth.'' 
Both this form and the original ore in C. V. 
The original, with the omission of st. iv., is tn 
the Meth. Free Ck. S. 8. H. M., No. 15a ; in 
full, in the Aiuer. Presb. Ps. & Hys. for the 
Worship of God, Richmond, 1867, and others. 
Cotterill's text, with the omission of st iv., is 
in Stowell's Set., 1831 and 1877. 

Bethune, George Washington, d.d. A 
very eminent divine of the Eeiormed Dutch 
body, born in New York, 1805, graduated at 
Dickinson Coll., Carlisle, Phils., 1822, and 
studied theology at Princeton, In 1827 ho was 
appointed Pastor of the Reformed Botch 
Church, Itinebcck, New York. Inl830passed 
to Utico, iu 1834 to Philadelphia, and in 1850 
to Iho Biooklyn Heights, New York. In 
1861 he visited Florence, Italy, for his health, 
and died in that city, almost suddenly after 
preaching, April 27, 1862. His Life and 
Letters were edited by A. It. Van Nest, 1867. 
He was offered the Chancellorship of New 
York University, and the Pi-ovostsliip of the 
University of Pennsylvania, both of which 
he declined. His works include The Fruits 
of the Spirit, 1839; Sermons, 1847; Lays of 
Isme & Faith, 1847; The British Female 
rods, 1S48, and others. Of his hymns, 
isonie of which liave attained to some repute, 
wc huvu ; — 

1. Toned upon InVa racing billow. Sitilo/ J s 
1/ymn. Appeared in the Christian Lyre, 1830 ; 
in the Scatnen's Devotional Assistant the same 
year, and iu Dr. Bethuae's Lays, 1847, p. lot), 


fa 3 st. of 8 1. It " ia said to have been the 
Author's first and favourite hymn, having been 
written when he was on a voyage to the West 
Indies, for the benefit of hie health, in the year 
1825 " (Lyra Sac. Amur, p. 297). It ia a " Sailor's 
Hymn ; " as such it was given in Lyra Sac. 
Amer., and thence passed into The Hynxaary, 
1872, and other English collections. 

i. for the hifpy hour. Whitsuntide. "A 
Prayer for the Spirit," contributed to the Parish 
Hymns, Phila-, 1843, and republished in the 
Lays, Ac, 1847, p. 158, in 6 st. of 4 1. It is 
found in many modern collections. 

*. It Is sot death to die. A translation of 
Csesar Malan's " Non, ce n'est pas monrir," (q.v.) 
from his Lays, 1B4T, p. 141, in 5 St. of 4 1. As 
stated above, Dr. Bethnne died at Florence. 
His remains were taken to New York, and 
buried in Greenwood Cemetery. This hymn, in 
Compliance with a request made by him before 
his death, was sung at his funeral. It is found 
in several English hymnals. 

4. Lifbt of Has Immortal 7aUtsi'a glory, 
Eteniny. A tr. of the Greek hymn ♦*« [Xap6v 
(q.v.). It appeared in his Lays, &c, 1847, 
p. 137, in 2 it. of 8 1., ani is in C. U. 

6. Farewell to the*, brother. Parting. "The 
departing missionary," pub. in his Lays, lie., 
1847, p. 170, in 5 st. of 4 1., and included iu 
Lyra Sac Amer,, 1868, and thence into English 
collections. It is not in C. U. in America. 

t. Jesus, when I think of Thee. Easter. 
This is said to bear the date of 1947. It was 1st 
pub. in his Life, kc, 1867. Included in Lyra 
Sac, Amer. (where it is stated to have been 
found in its. amongst the author's papers), and 
from the Lyra into Euglish collections. It is 
an Easter hymn of no special merit. 

7. Come, let ns one of Jesus, S. Schools. 
Pub. in 1850, suited to Suuday schools, and is 
found in Snepp's & of Q. $ G. and others. 

I. Then 'Wno in Jordan didst bow Thy meek 
head. Adutt Baptism. Written for and much 
used by the Baptists. It is dated 1 857. 

B, There is no Hunt so sweet en earth. Name 
of Jesus. Said by Mr. H. P. Main to be by Dr. 
Bethune. It has been wrongly ascribed to 
£. Roberts, a musician. 

10. When time seems short and death is near. 
Death anticipated. This was found in the 
author's portfolio, and was written on Saturday, 
April 27th, 1862, the day before his death at 
Florence (Life, &c, p. 409). It was included in 
the Lyra Sic. Amer., 18(58, and from thence 
passed into one or two English hymnals. 

Ip his Lays, Ac, 1817, Dr. Bethuno in- 
cluded the following " Christmas Carol* for 
Sunday School Children " ; 

1. The Almighty Spirit to a poor, ka. 

2. Joy And gladness, joy and gladness. 

3. Full many a year bos sped. 

4. We come, we come, with loud acclaim. 

In tlio same work there are also metrical 
renderings of Psalms ix., xix,, xxiii., exxvi., 
and cxiviL In the Lyra Saera Aittericuna, 
14 pieces by Dr. Bethune are given, including 
many of the above. [li 1 . M. B.] 

Batte, Henry John, was b. 1825, at Groat 
Yarmouth, where his father was a Bnptist 
minister. He entered the Baptist ministry 
in 1847,and Jaboured successively in London, 


Edinburgh, Bradford (Yorks,), Manchester, 
Darlington, and Neweaatle-upon-Tyne. Mr. 
Betts has pub. a small volume of hymns and 
poetical translations, entitled Early Blossoms, 
1812 ; two vols, of sermons on Scripture Lo- 
calities and their Associations," 1853; Lecture) 
on Elijah, 1856:; and at different times single 
sermons and lectures. For some years lie 
was editor of the Primitive Church Mugatine. 
His Children's Hosannah appealed in 1861, 
From it the following hymns are in C. U. : — 

1. Beautiful Star, wbose heavenly light, Christ tit 

2. Jesus, Tboa art meek and lowly. Jesus Paired. 

3. Oar Father God, Who art in heaven. Ifte £oi(f» 

4. There (s a lamp whose steady light. ffafyScriptnre. 
Those are found in Major's Bk. of Praise, 

and some other collections. [W. E. S.] 

Bevan, Emma Frances, nee Bhnttle- 
worth, dan. of the Bev. Philip Nicholas Shut- 
tieworth, Warden of New Coll., Oxford, after- 
wards Bp. of Chichester, was b. at Oxford, 
Sept. 25, 1837, and was married to Mr. K. C. 
L. Bevnn, of the Lombard Street banking 
firm, in 1856, 

Mrs. Bevsn pub. in IB5S a series of trs. from the 
the German as Sons* of Sternal Life (Loud., Hamilton, 
Adams, & Co.), in a volume wbhsb, from its unusual 
size and eonipirotive rostliness, has received less atten- 
tion than It deserves, ibr the trs. n re decidedly above the 
Average in merit. A number have come into C. tf -, bat 
Almost always vrltbont her oome, the best known being 
those noted under '.'0 Gott, O Geiot, O Ueht des 
Lebens," and " Jedea Hen will etwas 11 ben." Most of 
these are annotated throughout this Dictionary under 
their Authors' names, or (Sermnn first Hives. That at 
p. 630, "O past ore the fast-days.,— tlie F<«st-d*y, the 
Feast-day Is come" Is a tr. through the German from the 
Persian of Dschellaleddln Rami 1M7-12T3. Mm. Bevsn 
also pub. Songs o/ Praise fur Christian Pilgrims 
(Lond., HotnLlton, Adams, 18581, the trs. ia which are 
also annotated throughout this IMctionuiy as far ab pos- 
sible. [J, M.] 

Beyond, beyond the [that] boundless 
Sea. J. Conder. [Omnipresence of the II. 
Spirit .] Appeared in his Star in the East with 
Other Poems, 1824, pp. 74, 75, in 5 st. of 6 I., 
headed, " A Thought on the Sea Shore, 
'Though He be not far from every one of us,' 
Acts xvii. 27;" and dated, " Happisbm-gh, 
June, 1822." In 1856 it was repeated in his 
Hymns of Praise, Prayer, &c, p. 53, with 
slight changes in st. iv. and v. The congre- 
gational use of this hymn bpgau with Curtis'* 
Union Coll., 1827, No. 21, and extended to 
Cinder's Cong. H. Bk., 1836; the Leeds 11. 
Bk., 1853 ; the Bap. Psalms & Hymns, 1858 ; 
the New Cong., 1850, and others. Its use is 
fairly extensive, both in O. Britain and in 
America. Iu Murtincau's Hymns, 1810, and 
Jlys. of Praise and Prayer, 1873, it leads— 
" O God, beyond that boundless sea," and st 
iii. is also omitted. 

Beyond the glittering, starry globes. 

J.Fatich. [Ascension.] This hymn appeared 
in the Gfo^pd Mar/azine, June, 1776. It was 
signed " F.," i.e. Fanch, and is na folio wd ; — 
Christ s*en of Angels : t Tiro, lit., 1C. 
1, *' Ri'vond tlfe glJtt'rinjr starry globes, 
Far us til' eternal bills, 
There, in the boundless worlds of light. 
Our great Redeemer dwells, 
3. " legions of angels, stro ig and fair. 
In countless amvyBslitne, 
At Ins right hand, with golden harps 
To offer son&s divine. 


3. '"Hall, Prince 1' (tiiey cry) 'forever bill! 

Whow aneuropled love, 
Mov'd Thee to quit these glorious realm", 
And royaltys above*' 

4, "Whilst He did condescend, on earth, 

To suffer rude disdain j 
They threw their honore at His feet, 
And waited in His train, 
C. " Thro* all His travels here below 
The; did Hie steps attend; 
Oil Eai'd i end wonderM where, at last! 
This scene of Love would end. 
6* " They saw His heart transfixed with -wounds, 
His crimson sweat and gore : 
They saw Him break the bars of death, 
\\ hich none efer broke before. 
T. " Tbey brought His chariot from above 
To bear Him to His throne; 
Qapt their iTtumphant wings, and cry'd 
* The glorious work is done ! ' " 

Of this text the following arrangements 
have come into C. U. : — 

1. The original, slightly altered, tn Toplady's Ft. * 
Hyi., WIS (but omitted from the 2nd cd., 1T»1); Lie 
Cuiircy'i Calltction, 4 th ed. t 1193, No. 264; Joseph 
Mlildlrton's Si/mrtt, 1193, No. 211; and others. 

i. " Hcyond, beyond the starry skies," in Kemp- 
tliorne's f$. A }Iyt. r 1810, No. i&; and later works. 

3. " Beyond this glittering starry sky." InCotterM's 
&!., 1810, No. 39, with omission of et. HI. and iv. t and 
Uw addition of st. vl. In the 8th ed., 181», this was 
altered by the restoration of the original arrangement 
of stanzas, st. L1L being also restored. It is found ui later 

4. ''Beyond the glittering starry shies." In Elliott's 
f>, and Hyi., 1B15. This Is the orig. text very sliglitly 
altered. It is repeated in the A', ukg., lass, but attri- 
buted to Gregg in error. 

The most popular fonus of this hymn arc 
centos from it in it a enlarged form in 28 
stanzas. This expansion by the addition of 
21 slauzug was made by D. Turner (q. v.) 
and pub. in bis .Poems in 179t. Of those 
21 st,, 19 we given in Lord Sel borne' s Bit. of 
Praise, 1862, together with the first four by 
Fauch slightly altered. The centos from 
the Faneh-Turner text are most confusing. 
Opening with "Beyond the glittering, starry 
skies," we have these groups amongst others ;— 

(1) Smith and Stow's Bap. Pialmitt, Boston, U.S., 
1813, and others. (2) Bap. Service of Seng, Boston, 
U.M., Mil, &c. (S) Spurgeon's O. O. 11. Mk., 1866; 
Hntpp's 8. of G. and <r. y WWilfyi. ic St/ngs of Praia, 
N.Y., 1S14, and others. ' " 

U) Dap. ft. and iiyi., 1S6«. 

{3} Nap. Ifymnat-j 1S70. These by no means exhaust 
the list ; hut tliey are sufficient to show that no 
arrangement nor text, other tlian the original, can be 
depended upon wlieio accuracy is require,!. 

Anotlier arrangement which is somewhat popular in 
America is the h.m. hymn, " Jleyund tlie starry skies." 
It is rewritten from the fondi-Turner text, and amongst 
mudem hymnals is found in the Plj/tnouth, IS6B; ffyt. 
Jort'A.aF'dJ/omcjIliil*., lsuo ; Songs for the Sanctuary, 
M. Y., 1HU5-71; Lamia Uomini, N. V., 1031, and others. 

In the Atierl™ (-*«i-ca I'astorals, Boston, 1H61, No. 
16:1, Is a cento from Turner's addition to Fanch's hymn. 
It begins, " Blest angels who adoring wait." 

In the Baptist Register of March, 1731, the 
following note concerning tbo Faneh-Tumer 
text is given. It is addressed to Dr. Kippou 
by D. Turner, and dated Feb, 22, 1791. 

"As to your enquiry concerning the hymn 'Jesus 
seen of Angels ' [this liymn], it is true, as you were told 
by our good brother Medley that one part of it was made 
by my ileor friend the licv, James ranch, of Rumsoy, 
and the other part by jnc." fj, JT 

Beyond the smiling and the weep- 
ing, H. Botiar. [Heaven anticipated.] 
Pub. inhis-ffys. of Faith and Hope, 1st series, 
1857, in 6 st. of 8 1., the List three lines being 
a refrain. In G. Britain it is found in one or 
two collections only, but in America its use 
is somewhat extensive, but usually with ahbre- 


viationa and the change in the refrain of 
" Sweet hope I" to " Sweet hme ! " This 
last change hus destroyed the loving tender- 
ness of the refrain, and could never have been 
made by a poet. The refrain reads in the 
original : 

r Love, rest, and home I 

Sweet hope I 

Lord, tarry not, but come," 

Beyond the wicked [holy! city walls. 
Cecil F. Alexander. {Oood Friday.] 1st pub. 
in her Narrative Hymns for Village School*, 
1859, No. 17, in ti st, of 4 1. and headed, 
" Where they crucified Hitu." It is sometimes 
given as, " Beyond the koly city walls." This 
alteration destroys all tbe point and meaning 
of the hymn. 

Besce, Theodore de, b. at Vezelay, in 
Burgundy, 1519; d. 1605. Beat's father 
was of noble birth. He occupied the post of 
bailiff at Vezelay. Beza received a first-rate 
classical education under Melchior Wohnar. 
Before he was 20 ho wrote some poetry in 
imitation of Catullus and Ovid, the licentious' 
ness of which ho mourned and condemned in 
alter years. A brilliant prospect of Church 
emoluments turned his attention from the 
distasteful study of law. The income of tbe 
Priory of Longjumeau made him rich, and he 
becarao a prominent member of tho literary 
world at Paris. But his entrance into 
Orders was barred by a secret marriage with 
Claudiue Denosse. Subsequently, when the 
offer of the abbey of Froidmont by his uncle 
made it necessary for him to decide between 
avowing his marriage and renouncing the 
prospect, or repudiating lis wife, ho decided, 
under tho solemn conversion produced by a 
dangerous illness, to abandon the Roman 
Church, and break with his whole past life. 
He left for Geneva (1548), and there publicly 
married. His first scheme for a living was to 
join his old comrade Jean Crespin, then at 
Geneva, in printing ; but his appointment to 
the Professorshipof Grvek at Lausanne (1549), 
left tbe printing office in the hands of Crespin. 
Before his departure fioni Geneva ho had 
been on intimate terms with Calvin ; and the 
discovery of a metrical rendering of Ps. 16 
on Bc&l's table at Geneva led Calvin to 
suggest to him tbe completion of Marat's 
Psalm*. At Lausanne he became a friend of 
Vii-irt He stayed there ten years, during 
which ho wrote a tragi -comedy, and 40 of 
bis metrical Psalms (30 pub. in 1551, 
more in 1554). lie had whilst at Lausanno a 
n.nrrow escape from death by the plague. In 
1557 he wont with tfarel and Budaeiu to ask 
fur tbe intercession of the German Protestant 
Princes in behalf of the persecuted Hugue- 
nots, and hod interviews with Melancbthon. 
In 1559 he was appointed pastor at Geneva, 
Assistant Professor of Theology to Calvin, and 
tlie first Rector of the newly founded College 
of Geuevo. With Peter Martyr and others 
ho represented the Huguenots in tho con- 
ference with the Queen-Mother and Cardinal 
Lorraine, nt Poissy (1561), and remained at 
Paris nearly two years afterwards. His 
French metrical Ptaiter, in continuation of 
Marat, was completed in 1562. Calvin's 
death, 1564, left Beza the foremost figure at 
Geneva. In 1571, at the summons of the 


King of Navarre, bo presided nt the Synod of 
the Reformed Churches at Rochelle; and 
again (1572) at Nismes. His wife died in 
1588, and he married again soon afterwards. 
HU public life, as a theologian, a preacher, 
and administrator, ceased about 1598, though. 
he preached again for the Inst time in 1600, 
He was honoured till his death; only three 
years before which the Landgrave of Hesse 
visited him, when passing through Geneva. 
The works of Bean nre very numerous. As a 
controversialist, a commentator, an investi- 
gator of the test of the New Testament, he 
occupied a high place in Ma lime. Among 
his ohief works are: Annotations in If. 1., 
1556; Notmm Tettamentam, 155G; Psalms, 
with paraphrase in Latin, 1579; Life of Galvin, 
15S3. Sou Flunk Putters for an account of his 
continuation of Marot's Metrical Psiilter. 

[H. L. B.] 

Bianco da Siena, b. at Anoiolina, in the 
Vol d'Arno, date unknown. In 1307 he entered 
the Order of Jesuates, consisting of unordained 
men who followed the rule of St. Augustine. 
This order was instituted in that year by 
one John Colomhinus of Siena, and suppressed 
by Pope Clement IX. in 1668. Little is 
known of Bianco beyond the fact that he is 
said to have lived in Venice for some years, 
and d. there in H34. His hymns were pub, 
at Lucca, in 185J, and edited by T. Bim, 
under the title, Laudi spiriluali del Bianco da 
Siena. This work contains 02 pieces. Of 
these the following liavo been translated into 
English, and have come into C. U. : — 

1, Buoendi, Amor unto. The HcAy Spirit de- 
sired. This is No. 35 in the above work and is 
in 8 st. Of these, Dr. Littledaie gave 4 in the 
People's If., 18*17, No. 473, as, "Come down, 
Love Divine." 

%, Ossu Christo amoroso, Missions. This is 
Ho. 79 of the above woYk. It has been rendered 
into English by Dr. Littledaie, and was pub. in 
the People's If., 1867, No. 400, as, **0 Jesu 
Chriat, the loving." 

t, Vergbu santa, speia ittu' Afnello. St. Lucy. 
V. M. This is also from the foregoing work, 
No. 74, in 15 st. of 3 L Dr. Littledale's tr. in 
the People's H., 1867, No. 226, is in 7 at. of 4 1,, 
and begins, "O Virgin Spouse of Christ the 

t. Ami Jan el tat spaes duetto. Love for Jesus. 
This is No, 45 in the above work, in 33 st. In 
1869 Dr. Littledaie contributed a canto there- 
from to K, Brett's Office of the Most Holy Name. 
This was transferred to Brooke's Churchman's 
Manual of 1'riv. $ Family Devotion, 1882. It 
begins, "Love Jesus, Who hath sought thee so." 

Although the trs. Nos. 1-3 have not gone any 
further than the People's H., Nos. 1 and 2 are 
worthy of more extended use. [J. J.] 

Biaroweky , Wilhelm Edua-rd Imma- 
nuel von, e. of F. M. F. von Biaiowsky, a 
member of the Bavarian Government, was b. at 
Munich Oct. 8, 1814. After studying at Munich 
and Erlangen, ho bconrae, in 1840, German 
minister at Eolle, on the Lake of Geneva, and 
thereafter for some time assistant in Munich. 
He became, in 1845, pastor at W&itzenbach, 
Lower Franoonia, but resigned in 1857, and 
after a year spent in Munich, was appointed 



first pastor of the Neuatadt Erlangen, nnd in 
1860 deoan of Erlangen, He d. at Erlangen, 
Juno 2, 1882 {Koch, vii. 309-310; xs„ &e., 
from his widow). 

He took an interest [n tbe preparation of the Bavarian 
O. B., 1854, arid strove for the retention or hymns in 
their original Ibrms. His hymns (which are mostly 
translations front tbe Latin) appeared principally in his 
Oedickte, Stuttgart, 1854, and his GUekenkUmgt, Erlan- 
gen, LtrtrtL One has been tr. Into English, via. :— 

Ktsta Htrr, verfiss mem nioht. [Supplication,] 
1st puh. in Knapp's Chrittoterpe. 1844, p. 183, in 6 st.of 
s 1., repeated in lew aa above. Included as 80. less in 
Knapp's jfu. U S„ I860 (18*5, No. I'm). Tr. US!— 
*' My God, forget me not, by Miss Jane Borthwiek in 
B. L. /,., 166!!. [J. M.j 

BiekerBtetb., Edward, son of Hunry 
Biekersteth, surgeon, of Kirkby-Lonsdale, 
Westmoreland, and brother of John Bicker- 
steth, b. at Kirkby-Lonsdale, Mar. 19, 1786. 
In 1801, he received an appointment in the 
General Post Office, but relinquished it in 
1806 for tho study of law. Subsequently, in 
1815, he took Holy Orders, and proceeded to 
visit tho stations of the Church Miss. Society 
in West Africa. On his return he became the 
resident Secretary of the Society till 1830, 
when he was preferred to the Hectory of 
Watton, Herts, where he d, Feb, 28, 1850, 
H is works, which are numerous, were pub., in 
16 vols., in 1853. His Christian Psalmody, 
pub. 1833, enlarged ed. 1841, has had a moat 
powerful and testing influence upon the 
hymnody of the Church of England. Of the 
hymns contained therein a large proportion 
are still in O. U., and in many instances in 
the form in which they were given in that 
collection in 1833 and 1841. His hymns, con- 
tributed to the 1st ed. of his collection, are : — 

1. Light of the world, shine on our Souls. S. Scrip- 

2. Lord of the harvest, hear us now. During minft- 
terial vacancy. 

3. Lord, shed Thy grow on every heart. Social 

4. O for a single heart for God. Single heart dttired. 
t>. OifweknowtheJorfulBotuid, Boole Societiei. 

fl. Our Saviour Cbrlst will quickly come. Advent. 

7. Theday of birth, my Bout, improve. Birthday. 

8. W&lb-withtby God — A sinner -walk. Enoch watlted 
wf(* God. [J. J,] 

Biekerstetli, Edward Henry, d.d., s. 
of the above, b. at Islington, Jan. 1825, and 
educated at Trinity College, Cambridge (b.a. 
with honours, 1847; m.a., 1850). On taking 
Holy Orders in 1848, he became curate of 
Banninghnm, Norfolk, and then of Christ 
Church, Tunbridge Wells. His preferment 
to the Rectory of Hinton-Mnrtell, in 1852, 
was followed by that of the Vicarage of Christ 
Church, Hempstead, 1855. In 1885 he became 
Dean of Gloucester, undthe same year Bishop 
of Exeter. Bishop Bickcrsteth's works, chiefly 
poetical, ore : — 

(1) Poems. 1843} (2) Water from. the Wt£i-tpring, 
IMS ; (3) The Rock of Agct, less ; (4) Commentary on 
the Jfttf Tata-aunt, 18M; (5) yesterday, lb-day, and 
ForEwr, 18675 («) The Spirit of Life, 1868; (1) T*e 
Too Brothers and other Poam, 1ST1; £8) The Mailer's 
Home Clail, 18)2 ; Is) TheSkodewed Heme and the Light 
Beymd,lB14,; (10) J*** Ketf and otter Paretics, 18)3; 
(11) Sutwi in, tie Boutt of rilgi-unage, H.n. ; (11) Prom 
• rear to Year, 1883. 

As an editor of hymnals, Bp. Bickerateth has 
also been most successful. Hisoolleotionsare: — 
(1) Ptalms & Byant, 1858, based on hla rather^ Chris- 
tian P»fHud#, which passed thmnRh several editions; 
(2) The .rtynmol Co>npaniim,Wio ; (3) Thelfymnal Com- 



fanim revised atut enlarged, IBIS. Nob. 2 and 3, which 
are two editions of the »dib collection, have attained tuan 
extensive circulation. [Oh. of England Hymsody.] 

About 30 of Bp, Bickerstcth's hymns aro 
In C. U. Of these the best and must widely 
known are; — "Almighty Father, hear our 
cry " ; " Come ye yourselves apart and rest 
awhile"; "Fathtr of heaven above "; "My 
God, my Father, dost Thou call " : "0 Jesu, 
Saviour of the lost"; ''Peace, perfect peace"; 
" Beat in the Lord " ; " Stand, Soldier of the 
Cross"; "Thine, Thine, for ever "; and " Till 
He come." 

As a poet Bp. Bickersteth is well known. 
His reputation as a hymn-writer has also ex- 
tended fitr and wide. Joined with a strong 
grasp of liia subject, true poetic feeling*, a pure 
rhythm, there is a soothing pldintivcness and 
individuality in his hymns which give them a 
distinct character of their own. His thoughts 
are usually with the individual, and not with 
the mass: with the single soul and his God, 
and not with a vast multitude buwed in adora- 
tion before the Almighty. Hence, although 
many of hut hymns are eminently suited to 
congregational purposes, and have attained to 
a wide popularity, yet his finest productions 
are those whioh are beat suited for private use. 

[J. J.] 

Bickersteth, John, w.a., e. of Henry 

Bickersteth, surgeon, b. at Kirkby-Lonsdale, 
June, 19, 1781, and educated at the Grammar 
School of that town, and Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge,wherehegraduatedinboBoars. Taking 
Holy Orders, he became Vicarof Acton, Suffolk, 
and subsequently Eector of Sapcota, Leicester- 
shire. He d. Oct. 2, 1855. The Dean of 
Lichfield is his second, and the late Bp. of 
Ripon bis fourth son. In ISIS) ho pub. PaaEmt 
and Hymns, selected and revised for Public, 
Social, Family, or Secret Devotion, in which 
hu hymns were included. A fourth oil., much 
enlarged, appeared in 1832. Of his hymns 
contributed to his Coll- in 1819, the following 
were transferred to his brother's Christian 
Ffalmody, 1833 :— 

1. Great God, tet children to Thy throne. S. Schooli. 

3. Flaat Thou, holy Lord, Redeemer. If. Communion. 

3. iBrael'a Shepherd, guide me, feed me. M. Ommu- 

and were thus brought into wider notice than 
through his own work. No. 3 is sometimes 
given as " Heavenly Shepherd, guide us, feed 
as," as in the Amer. Unitarian Hyt. of the 
Spirit, Boston, 1864. [J. J.] 

Bienemann, Caspar, s. of Oonrad 
Bienetnanu, a burgess of Numbcrg, was b. at 
Niiniberg, Jan. 3,1540. After the completion 
of his studies at Jena and Tubingen, ho was 
scut by the Emperor Maximilian II. with an 
embassy to Greece as interpreter. In Greece 
be assumed the name of Melis&ander (a tr. into 
Greek of his Gorman name), bywhich he is fre- 
quently known. After his return he was ap- 
pointed Professor at Lauingen, Bavaria, and 
then AbtatBahr(Lahr?), and General Super- 
intendent of Pfatz Neuburg ; but on the out- 
break of the Synergistic Controversy he had 
to resign his post. In 1571 be received from 
the University of Jena the degree of d.d., and 
in the same year was appointed, by Duke 
Job&ttn Wilhelm, of Snehsen Weimar, tutor to 
the Orown Prince Friedrich "Wilhelm, But 


when on the death of the Duke, in 1573, the 
Elector August, of Saxony, assumed the Re- 
gency, the Calvinistic court party gained the 
ascendancy, and succeeded in displacing 
Bienemann and other Lutheran pastors in the 
Ducby, Finally, in 1578, he was appointed 

Ctor and General Superintendent at Alten- 
g, and d. there Sept. 12, 1591 {Koch, ii. 
218-252 ; AUg. Deutsche Biog.. ii. G26). One 
of his hymns has passed into English. 

Herr wte du willt, m aehiok* mit mir. [Resig- 
nation.] Written in 1574, while he was tutor 
to the children of Duke Johann Wilhelm of 
Sachsen Weimar, in expectation of a coming pes- 
tilence* He taught it ns a prayer to his pupil 
the Princess Maria, then three years old, the 
initial letters of the three stanzas (H. Z. S.) 
forming an acrostic on her title, Hcrttogin ztt 
Sachsen. The Princess afterwards adopted as 
her motto the woTds "Herr wie du willt," and 
this motto forms the refrain of "Jesus, Jesus, 
niehts sis Jesus," the best known hymn of the 
Countess Ludaniilia Elizabeth of Schwarzburg- 
Rudolstadt (q. v.), (see Koch, viii. 370-371). 
This hymn " Herr wie " was 1st pub. in B.'s Bet' 
b&ctilein, Leipzig, 1582, in 3 St. of 7 1., marked as 
C. Meliss D. 1574, with the title, " Motto and 
daily prayer of the illustrious and noblo Princess 
and I.ady, Lady Maria, by birth, Duchess of 
Saxony, Landgravine of Thuringia and Margra- 
vine of Meissen." Thence in Wackerwujei, iv. 
p. 714. Includedin the 1597, 
and others, nud in the Unv. L. S., 1851, No. 578. 
The trs. in C. tf. are:— 

1. Lord, •* Then wilt, whilst Thou my heart, 
good and full, by A, T. Russell, as No. 105 in 
his Ps. $ Sys., 1851. 

X, Lent, u Theuwilt, deal Thon wifltme, in full, 
by E. Cronenwett, ns No. 409 in the Ohio Luth. 
Hymned, 1880, Another tr. is : — 

" Lord, as Thou wilt, bo do with me," by Dr. a. Walter, 
iseo,p.6J. [J. M.] 

Biggs, Louis Coutier, m.a., the well- 
known writer on Hymns A. tt M. and kindred 
subjects, graduated at Oxford b.a. 1S63. On 
taking Holy Orders he was successively 
Curate of Orendon, Nortliants; Asst. Master 
in Ipswich School ; Rector of Parraoombe, 
Devon; and of Chickeiell, near "Weymouth, 
and Chaplain at Malacca, Singapore, and 
other stations, including Penang in 1875, 
1877, and 1885. Mr. Biggs has pub. ;— 

(1) ffymn* .ancient and Modern inith Annotations 
and Trantlatitmt, I8fl7 ; (2) Supp. Htymntfov tun with 
H.A.tt3f.; (3) English Ilyainotogft (a reprint of articles 
from the Xonthln Factett, 1SJ3; Simgi of other 
Vhurchet (pub. in the Monthly Packet, 1 871-2) t andoite 
or two smaller bytfinologlcal -warks. A few of tho ren- 
derings or English hymns into Latin given in bis 
Annotated II. A, £ M. are by him. 

Bilby, Thomas, s. of John BUby, b. at 
Southampton, April 18, 1794. In 1809 he 
joined tlie army, remaining eight yenr*. Sub- 
sequently bo studied tho Infant School Sys- 
tem under Buol inn an, whose school at Brewer's 
Green, Westminster, is said to hare been the 
first Infants' Sohool opened in England. In 
1825 ho obtained the oharge of a Training 
School at Chelsea, where some 500 teachers 
were instructed in his system. In 1832 he 
proceeded to the West Indies, where be intro- 
duced his system of teaching. On returning 
to England, he became the parish clerk of 


St. Mary's, Islington. Ho el. Sept. 24, 1872. 
He was one of the founders of " The Hume 
and Cnlomul Infant School Society." Jointly 
with Mr. K. B. Ridgway lie published The 
Nursery Book, The Infant Teacher'* Assistant, 
1831-3ii ; and the Book of Quadrupeds, 1838. 
His hymns appeared in The Infant Teacher's 
Assistant, the best known of which is, " Here 
we suffer grief and pain." 

Binney, Thomas, d.d„ b. at Non-castle- 
rm-Tyne, in 1798, and educated at Wymond- 
ley College, Hertfordshire. Entering the 
ministry, no was successively pastor of a con- 
gregation at Bedford, an Independent Chapel 
at Newport, Isle of Wight, «nd of the Kind's 
Weigh House Chapel, London, 1829. The 
University of Aberdeen conferred upon him 
the lud. degree. He d. Feb. 23, 187*. His 
works, exceeding 50 in number, include Life 
of the Rev. Stephen Morell, 1826; Money, 
1864 ; St. Paul, his Life and Ministry, &a. 
lie wrote a few hymns, including " Eternal 
Light! Eternal Light," and "Holy Father, 
Whom we praise.'* (Close of Service.) 

Bird, Frederic Mayer, b. at Philadel- 
phia, U.S., June 28, 1838, and graduated at 
the University of Pennsylvania, 1857. In 
1860 he became Lutheran pastor at Rhincbeck, 
N. Y. ; in 1866 at Valatie, N, Y„ where he re- 
mained until 1868. In 1868 he joined the 
American Protestant Episcopal Church (dea- 
con 1668, priest 1869), and became Rector at 
Spotswood, New Jersey, 1870-74, and else- 
where to 1881, when he become Chaplain and 
Professor of Psychology, Christian Evidences, 
and Rhetoric in the Lehigh University, South 
Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, 

Professor Bird compiled with Dr. B. M, Sclitnucker, 
(1) Peimaylranis Hgi. for tkeuttefOu JGeang. Luthe- 
ran Chtttih, lset, revised (and now used) as the Lu- 
theran General Oouncil'a Chunk Book, 1S63J (SSI and 
with Bp. Odenbelmer Songs of tki Spirit, N. Y., 1871-2 ; 
and pub. (3) Charles Wetleff teen iu hit Finer and tea 
familiar 1'eemt, N. Y., 18Htt~^. He Also has conducted 
the department of " Hjron Motes," in the N. York At- 
dtptndtint eiTO.ce 1880. Hla Library of hymnologlcal 
worts Is the largest in the UDited States. 

Blrken, Sigiemirad von, s. of Daniel 
Betulios or Birken, pastor at Wildstein, neni 
Eger, in Bohemia, vrtis b. at Wildstein, May 5, 
1626. In 1629 his father, along with other 
Evangelical pastors, was forced to flee from 
Bohemia, and went to Niimberg. After pass- 
ing through the Egidien- Gymnasium at Num- 
berg Sigismund entered the University of Jena, 
in 1613, and there studied both Law and Theo- 
logy, the latter at his father's dying request. 
Before completing his course in either lie re- 
turned to Nurnberg, in 1645, and on nocount of 
his poetical gifts was there admitted a member 
of the Pegnitz Shepherd and Flower Order. 
At the close of 1645 he was appointed tutor at 
Wolfenbtittel to the Princes of Brunswick- 
Liinehurg, but after a year (during which he 
was crowned as a poet), ho resigned this post. 
After a tour, during which he was admitted 
by Fhilipp v. Zeeeu as a member of the 
German Society (or Patriotic Union), he re- 
turned to Niimberg in 1648, and employed 
himself as a private tutor. In 1654 he was 
ennobled on account of his poetic gifts by the 
Emperor Ferdinand III., was admitted in 1658 
as a member of the Fruitbearing Soeieiy, 



and on the death of Karsdb'rffer, in 1662, 
became Chief Shepherd of the Pegnitfc Order, 
to which from that time he imparted a dis- 
tinctly religions cast. He d. at Numbers;, 
June 12, 1681. (Koch, iii. 478-485; Alia. 
Deutsche Biog., ii. 660 ; Bode, pp. 44-46 ; the 
first dating his death, July, and the last 
dating his birth, April 2«). In his 52 hymns 
he was not able to shake off the artificial 
influences of the time, and not many of them 
have retained a place in German C. U, 
Three have been tr. into English :— 

i. Auf, ant, mem Zbr nnd du main guuer Binn, 
Wirf alien lu«t. [Siindtiy.] 1st pub. (not in 1661, 
btit) in Saubert's Q. B., Niimberg, 1676, No. 
329, in 10 St. Tr. as:— 

(1) "Arouse tliee up! my Heart, my Thought, my 
Mind," by H. J. Svckoll, 1S42, p. 10. (2) "Awake! 
awake !— to holy lliought aspire," by Dr. H. Milti, 18SS. 

ii. Jem, delne Passion, [Passtontide.'] His 
finest hymn, 1st pub. in Snubert's G. Ii. Nurn- 
berg, 1676, No, 83, in 9 st. of 8 1., and included 
as No. 240 in the Berlin Q. L. S. ed., 1863. Ii 
did not appear in 1653. Tr. as : — 

JesuJ be Thy mSerins Ion. A good it. of 
st. i.-iv., by A. T. Russell, as No. 87 in his Ps. 
and Hys., 1851. Another tr. is : — 

" Jesus, ou Thi dying love," hy W. Heid, in the British 
Berald, March, 18«S, p. 46, repeated In hla Praitc St., 

18J2, N(l. 436. 

iii. Laaitet una mit turn ashen. [Passitnlide.] 
1st pub. in J. M. Dilherr's Ileilu/e Karaoeken, 
Number^, 1653, p. 412, in 4 st. of 8 1. Included 
S3 No. 250 in the Berlin G. L. S., ed. 1863. 
The only tr. in C. U, is :— 

Let u* heao*, en Ugh asoeniinf . Good and full, 
by A. T. Russell, as No. 184 in his iV, # Hys., 
1851. His tte. of st. iii., iv., were adopted end 
altered to " Let us now with Christ be dying," 
as No. 635 in Kennedy, 1863. [J, M.] 

Burks, Edward Biokersteth, m.a., s, 

of Professor T. R. Birks, b. at Kelshall, 
Herts, in 1848, and educated nt Cholmeley 
School, Highgale, and Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge (b.a. 1870, w.a, 1873, and also a Fellow- 
ship 1870). On taking Holy Orders, he became, 
in 1878, Curate of St Mary's, Nottingham, 
and, after six months at Greenwich, in 1880, 
Vicar of Tmmpington in 1881, and Vicar of 
St. Michael's, Cambridge, in 1884. Mr. Bides 
is the author of the metrical Litany, "Light 
that from the dark abyss," in the H. Comp., 
1876. It first appeared in Evening Hours 
in 1871 (having been composed in 1869 or 
1870). Others of his pieces arc to bo found 
in Leaves from the Christian Remembrancer. 

Birks, Thomas Bawson, m.a., b. Sept. 
1810, and edacated at Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge (b.a. 1834, m.a. 1837), of which he 
subsequently became a Fellow. Having taken 
Holy Orders in 1837, he became Tteetor of 
Kelshall, Herts, 1844 ; Vicar of Holy Trinity, 
Cambridge, 1866; Hon. Canon of Ely Calhe- 
dral, 1871; and Professor of Moral Philo- 
sophy, Cambridge, 1872. He d. at Cam- 
bridge, July 21, 1883. His works, to the 
number of 25, include Biblical, Astronomical, 
Scientific, Prophetic, and other subjects. He 
also wrote the Memoirs of the Rev. JE. Bicker* 
steih (his father-in-law), 2 vols., 1851. His 
hymns appeared in Bickersteth's Christian 
Psalmody, 1883; and, together with Versions 



of tho Psalms, in his Companion Psalter, 1874. 
They number upwards of 100. fEng-. Faal- 
tttt, § xi.] Very few are in C. U. in G. Bri- 
tain, but in America their use is extending. 
They include : — 

1. Except the Lord go build the house. Pt. txxcii. 

3, come, let us Bine to the Lord. Ps. xcv. 

3. Klog of Meroy, fr™ Thy throne on high. Pi. 

*. O taste and see that He In good. PS. xxziv. 
a. when from oil the ends of earth, Ptj xfv. 
A. Tho heftvenH declare Thy glory. Pt. zix. 
1, The Lord Himself iny Portion is. Pt. Hit. 

8. The mighty God, tho Lord bath spoken. J**. I. 

9. Thou art gone up on high, O Christ, &c Pt. zlvii. 

10. Whom have I [we] Lord In heaven, but Tbee. 
Pt. Ixxiii. 

Of these versions of the Psalms, nil of which 
dnte from 1874, the most popular U No. 3. 
Mr. Birks's composition s are worthy of greater 
attention than they have hitherto received. 

£J. J.] 

Bis ternas horss explicann. {For the 
Sixth Htiur.] ThiB hymn is in Daniel, i.. 
No. 10, with a f urther note at iv. p. IS. Daniel, 
on the authority of Cassiodorus's commentary 
on Ps. cxix. 161, gives it eta by St. Ambrose. 
DanieTs text is in 32 lines, of which he says, 
11. 23-28, beginning "Orabo mente Domi- 
imm," are given by the Benedictine editors 
as a complete hymn of St. Ambrose. He cites 
it as in the Hijmnary of Thomasius, and as 
in an 8th cent. MS. in the Vatican. Tr. as 
" Now twice three hours the sun hath told," 
by W, J. Copeland, in his Hijs. for tlie Week, 
&c„ 1848, p. 148. [J. M.] 

Blaekall, Christopher Ruby, jk.d., b. 
in New York State, 1830, and educated 
for the medical profession. For 15 years he 
followed his profession, including service in 
the army during the civil war. Subsequently 
he managed, for 14 years, a branch of the 
Baptist Publication Society, taking at the 
same time great interest in 8. School work. 
He edited the Advanced Bible Lesson Quar- 
terly, for 3 years, and also Our Little Ones. 

1. The prise ia aet before ua. Heaven anticipated. 
This ia one of Dr. BhickaH's most popular hymns 
for children. It was written in 1874 for the 
Sunday School of ^nd Baptist Church, Chicago, 
Illinois, and set to music by 11. B. Palmer, It 
1st appeared in Palmer's Sontjs of Love for th$ 
Bible School, 187-4, from whence it has passed into 
numerous collections, including f. D. Sankey's 
S. S. and Solos, Lond., 1881. 

1, Follow tho patai of Jsaua. Following Jesus. 
This is included in the Bap. Kg. [& Time] Bk, 
l'iiila., 1871, So. 701. 

1. Do the right, never tear, Duty, lu W. R. 
Stevenson's School Hymnal, Lond., 1880, Ho. 269. 

[J. J.] 

Blackie, John Stuart, ix.n., b. at Glas- 
gow, July, 18GU, and educated at Marischai 
College, Aberdeen, and at the University of 
Edinburgh. After a residence on tho Con- 
tinent for educational purposes, he was culled 
to the Bar in 1834. In 1841, he was appointed 
Professor of Latin in Marischol College, Aber- 
deen, and in 1850 Professor of Greek in the 
University of Edinburgh. On the death of 
Dr. Guthriohe was for some time the Editor of 
the Sunday Magazine. His published -works 
include ; — A Metrical Translation of Mschylus, 


1850 ; Pronunciation of Greek, 1652 ; Lyrical 
Poems, 1860 ; Homer and the Iliad, i vols., 
1869, &c; Lays and Legends nf Ancient Greece, 
Ac, 1857 ; arid Songs of Beligion and Life, 
1876. To the hytnnological student he is 
known by his rendering of a portion of tho 
BenediciU (q.v.), "Angels, holy, high aud 
lowly," which is found in several hymnal*. 

Blaoklock, Thomaa, v.j>., b. at Annan, 
Dumfriesshire, November 10,1721. He studied 
at the University of Edinburgh, and was, in 
1759, licensed to preach. In 1762 he was or- 
dained parish minister of Kirkcudbright, but, 
on account of his blindness, had to resign and 
retire on an annuity. He went to Edinburgh 
and there received as boarders University stu- 
dents and boys attending school. In 1767 he 
received the degree of n.». from the Univer- 
sity of Aberdeen (Marisohnl College). He wns 
one of the earliest and most helpful literary 
friends of Robert Bums. Hod. at Edinburgh, 
July 7, 17bl. His Poems were often printed* 
— in 1756 at London, with a Memoir by the 
Rev. Joseph Spence, Professor of Poetry at 
Oxford ; in 1793, at Edinburgh, with a Me- 
moir by Henry Mackenzie, 41c They include 
2 Psalm Versions, and 4 Hymns. "Hail, 
source of pleasures ever new," is altered from 
the Hymn to Benevolence, and " Father of all, 
omniscient mind," is from his version of Psalm 
139. No. 16 in the Tram, and Par. of 1781, 
"In life's gay mora," &c, is also ascribed to 
him. [J. St.] 

Blaekmore, Sir Hiohard, was appointed 
a Physician in Ordinary to William of Orange 
in 1697, receiving knighthood at tho same time 
in recognition of his services at the ltevolu- 
tion. His works embraced theology, medicine, 
and poetry, and a Version of the book of 
Psalms. rEng.PsaUan, gxvi.] WhtlstDryden 
and Pope sneered at his poetical works, Addison 
(Spectator, 339), and Johnson (Lives of the 
Poets) gavethemagoodword,and speciaily his 
poem on the Creation. He d. October 9, 1729. 

Hi* vejalon of the Psalm* wns the last issued in 
England with royal license for use in Churches ; bulnot- 
withstanding thle it never obtained any circulation, ami 
except as to a few psalms in Collvcra Sel., 1812, and 
odo or two others, and various Unitarian collections in 
the early part of this centu^, it has remained utterly 
neglected by editors of ail schools of (bought. 

Blair, Hugh, n.s., eldest s. of John 
Blair, merchant Edinburgh, was b. at Edin- 
burgh, April 7, 1718. In 1730 he entered the 
University of Edinburgh, where he graduated 
m.a. in 1739. In 1742 he was ordained parish 
minister of Collessie, in Fife, became, in 1743, 
second minister of the Canongnte, Edinburgh, 
in 1754 minister of Lady Yester's, and in 1758 
joint minister of the High Church (now styled 
St. Giles's Cathedral). In 1762, while still re- 
taining his pastoral charge, he was appointed 
the first Professor of Rhetoric in the Univer- 
sity of Edinburgh — a chair founded for him. 
He received the degree of d.d. from the Uni- 
veraityofSt. Andrews, in ^757. He d. in Edin- 
burgh, Dec 27, 1800. 

In llUKr. Blair was anpointeda member of tM Com- 
mittee of Assembly which compiled the Iri. and .Pari. 
of ll*o, and in 177s of that which revised and enlarged 
them. To him are ascribed try the Rev. W. Thomson 
and the Rev. Dr. Hew Scott (Scottish Hymnody, 
Appendix) Noa. t, 33, 3+, «, of tho l»si collection. 
He is also credited with the alterations made on Panv 


phrases 32 and S7, in 1746-51, and on Paraphrase 36, In 
mi, The Rev, J, W. Maenreelcen (Scottish Hym- 
uody, Appendix) would ascribe these 4 Paraphrases 
to his second cousin, the live. Hobert Blair, author of 
Tht Grant [eldest s. or the Rev. David Mair, b. in 
Edinburgh, 1609, ordained Parish minister of AtlieLstane- 
ford* East Lothian, in 173], appelated, in 1742,* rot-mber 
of the Committee which compiled the 1745 cjllectlon, d. 
at Athelataneford, Feb. 4, 1146]. Ilr. C. Itogers, in his 
Lyra Brit.Cpp. 66 & (64, ed. 1867) holds that, though 
Dr. Hugh Blair may have altered Paraphrases 44 and 
67, neither he, nor Robert Blair, wrote any wiainal 
hymns. While the weight of opinion 'and of probability 
is in favour of Dr. Hugh Blair, do very definite evidence 
is presented on either side, tliougb the records of the 
Presbytery of j&Jlnburgh to 1749 show Dr. Hugh Blair as 
selected to reviseNos. Is (J in 1791),21 (16 in 1)81), and 
probably others [Soottfab. Paraphrases, W. Came- 
ron, and notes on the individual hymns]., [J. M.l 

Blair, Robert. [Blair, Hug*.] 

Blair, William, d.d., b. at Clunie,King- 
lassie, Fife, Jan. 13, 1830, and educated at 
Path-htad School and St. Andrew's Univer- 
sity, whtsru ho graduated m.a. in 1850, d.d. 1879. 
In J8S6 ho was ordained at Dunblane, ns the 
United Presbyterian Minister in that tewn. 
Dr. Blair has pub, several prose works, in- 
eluding Chronicle* of Aherhn/thne, and Selea- 
(ions from Abp. J/eighton with Memoir and 
Note*,* 1883. His hymn, ".ttsu, Saviour, 
Shepherd bringing" ('/Tie Good Slteplterd), 
and its accompanying tunc, " Lighten,'' were 
contributed to tlie Scottish Pre»b. Hymnal for 
the Young. 1882. Ho is also the author of 
sereral How Year's hymns. 

Blatchford, Ambrose Nichols, b.a., 

h. at Plymouth, 1812, and educated for the 
Unitarian Ministry at Manchester New Col- 
leg<', London, Ho also graduated at the 
Lomton University as b.a. In 18CG t lie be- 
came junior colleague to the late Hev. William 
James, Minister of Lcwin's Moud Meeing, 
Bristol, and ou tee death of Mr. James, in 
1876, thesole pastor. Mr. Blatehford's hymns 
were written for the S. School anniversary 
services at Lewin'a Mea'l Meeting, on tlie dates 
given below, and were adapted to existing 
meJodies. They were first printed as fly-leavta 
and include : — 

1. A gladsome hymn of praise we sing. Praise. I87B, 

2. Awake to the duty, prepare for the strife. Uury. 

3. Lord, without Thyconstant blessing. Divine ff&p. 


4. Night clouds around us silently are stealing. 
Evening. 187H. 

s. O T»rd of Life, for all Thy care. Fraite. 1676. 

6. O'er the wldeand restless ocean. I^ft&Eope. 1876. 

7. Once more the shadows fall. Evening. I860, 

8. Softly the silent night. Evening^ 1971. 

Nos. 1, 2, 4, 5, and G were 1st pub. in W. 
B. Stevenson's School Hymnal, 1880, and Nos. 
3, 7. and 8 in tlie Sunday School H. Bh. of the 
S. S. Association, Lond., 1881. [J. J.] 

Blaurer, Ambrosias, a. of Augustine 
Blaurer, Councillor of Constnnz, was b, at 
Crmstanz, April 4, 1492. In 1513 he graduated 
at Tubingen and entered the convent of Al- 
pirabacb, iu the Black ForosttWhere he was 
chosen Prior. After studying Holy Scripture 
and the writings of Luther, he became distal is- 
fieil with his position and left the convent in 
1522, and went to Constant. In 1523 he openly 
espoused the cause of the Beformation, and 
began to preach in 1525. In 1529 he com- 
menced his work as Beformer of Swabta, in 
which, after the restoration of Duke Ulrieh, 


1534, he received his help and countenance 
till 1533, when the growing opposition of tlie 
Lutheran party led Mm to withdraw from 
Wurttemberg. Ho returned to Constnnz, where 
he remained till 1548, when by tlie operation 
of the Interim [Agricola] and the seizure of the 
town by tho Emjxsror, he was forced to flee to 
Griessenherg, in Thurgau, and in tho end of 
1549, to AViuterthur. He became pastor at 
Biel, in the Jura, 1551, but returned to Win- 
terthur, 1559, andd. there, Doc. 6, 1504 (Koch, 
ii, G2-7C; AUg. Deutsche Biog., ii. 691-693). 
Koch characterises iiim as the most impor- 
tant of the hynin-writers of tho Reformed 
Church at the time of the Heformution. Some 
thirty in all of his hymns are preserved in ws. 
at ZUrieh and Winterthur, The only one (r. 
into English is; — 

Wie's Oott gefiDtt, so gfitllts mii» anch, [Tnttt 
in r/od.] Waekermiffel, lit p. 3*9, quotes it iu 8 st, of 
10 1. from a Ms. of 1662 it Zurich, " Etllch gelstllcha 
gsang und Ikder vor jruiren geschriboa durcli meister 
Ambro&lum Mlaim.Tn, 1 ' and thinks it wjis probably 
written About 1526. tn hia fiibliagraphie, 1955, p. 220, 
he hul dted a broadsheet, c. 154fl, where it uproars as 
one of "Zwey acbuae Neire Lieder drss frummeu 
Johjinsrn Fiidfriclif^i vonSiicliKrn, welchc Et In seiner gittichtrt liat" [i.e. 1647-62, after lbs 
battle of MUhlberg, 1547k but this ^Mcripiiou ITnciber- 
nagd thinks it ss llltle justified by the personality as 
by tbe clrcuroRtauces of the liiltctor. Though the author- 
ship of the hymn be somewhat doubtful, its value Is 
undeniable, and since ite reception into the iferofcrgytn, 
Nilrnbeig, 1561, it has soperiied In most subsequent 
collections, and U Ho. 720 Iti the Uitv. L. S. r 1861. Til* 
if*, are:— (1) "God*siFllI is mine: 1 dare not stray," by 
Dr. G. Walker, I960, p. 91. (S) "What plcascth God, 
that plcuSL^th me," by Jffr* Winktoorth, 1809. p. 124, 

[J. M.] 

Bleak winter is subdued at length. 
J. Newton. [Spring.'] 1st pub. in the Olnep 
Hymns. 1779, lik. ii., No. 32, in 9 st, of 4 1. 
In its full form it is not in C. U., but nu un- 
altered version of st. ii.-v. and ix. is given 
as: " Behold I lung-wished fur spring is come," 
in Kippuit's SiL, 17S7, and later editions. 

Bleibt bed dem, der euretwillen. 
G. J, P. Sjtittu. [Following Clirist."] Founded 
on 1 John, ii. 58, and 1st pub. in the 1st 
Series, 1833, of his Ymller unti Ilarfe, p. 113, 
in 4 st of 8 1., entitled " Abide iu Jesus." 
In the Wurttembetg G. Ji., 1842, No. 382, and 
other collections. The ire. in O. U. are : — 

1, abide, abide in Jesns. A full and good fr. by 
R. Massia in his Lyra Ann,, 1860, p. 106, and 
thence in Bp. Kyle's Co/?., 1860; Adams's Ame- 
rican Ch. Pastorals, 1864, No. 891, and SchalFa 
Christ in Song i ed. 1879, p. 495. Omitting st. 
ii. in the Mtth. N. Con. H. BL, 186S, and J. L. 
Porter's Coil, 1876. St. ii.-iv., beginning, "All 
is dying 1 hearts are breaking," are included ill 
Robinson's Songs for the Sanctuary, N. Y., 1 805 ; 
H, aitii Songs of Praise, N. Y., 1874; Bap. F rmss 
lik., 1871, and others. 

I. O abide in Him, Who tin us, A full tr. by 
J.D.Burns, in his Mcimeir and Jl&nains, 18G9, 
p. 259 ; ami repeated as Ko. 747 in Dale's 
English II. Bk., 1874. 

Other trs, an : — 

(1) "Stay bv One Who for your comfort," by Mitt 
Xaniitgttm, 1^63, p. 61. (2) •'Dwell In Christ, woo 
once descended," by J. Kelly, 1885, p 37. [J. M.] 

Blsnkinuopp, B. C. L. [L«at«a> 
Bless Ood, my soul: Thou, Lord 




alone. N. Tate. TPs. civ.} This version 
of Fs. civ. is found in Tate's Miscellanea 
Sacra, 1696, and in the same year in the New 
Version. Its appearance in the former work 
determines its authorship as distinct from 
Brady. [Bee Enj. Faultm, § sill. 3.] From 
its ornate character some have concluded that 
most, if not nil the renderings in the Nets Ver- 
sion, which jinrtake of that character, are by 
him. This conclusion is plausible and pos- 
sible, but by no means certain. It was intro- 
duced into nse in America early in tlie present 
century, and is still given in a few collections. 

Bless, O my soul, the living God. I. 
Watts. [Ps. ciit.] This is Ft. i. of his l. m. 
version of Ps. ciii,, 1st pnt>. in his Psalms of 
David, &c„ 1719, Pt. ii. being, " The Lord, 
how wondrous are Hia ways." Both parts 
are in C. U. Ix>th in O. Britain and America. 
Pt. i. is in 8 st., ami Pt. ii. iu 9 st. of 1 L In 
addition there are abbreviations of Pt. 1, and 
a cento from Pts, i. and ii. in C. U. The most 
popular arrangement in modern American 
hymnals is that in Sotup for the Sanctuary, 
N. Y, 1805, Lattdes Domini, N. Y., 188 1, 
and many others. It is composed of at. i., ii., 
iii,, and viii., slightly altered. Other arrange- 
ments are also found both in G. Britain and 
America. A cento from Pts. i. and ii. ap- 
peared iu Bickers te til's Christian Psalmody, 
1833, and is made up of Pt. i. st. i.-iii., Pt. fi. 
st. iv. and v., and an additional stanza from 
another source. 

Blesa'd, Blessed, Blest. The arbitrary, 
and, in many instances, unreasonable, way in 
which editors of hymnals, both old and now, 
have changed about these words, without any 
regard to the form originally used by the 
author, has rendered it necessary to follow the 
author's reading in every instance. When, 
therefore, a hymn cannot be found in one 
form, it must be sought for iu the other. 

Bless'd are the humble souls that 
see. I. Watts. [The Beatitudes.} This 
metrical paraphrase of the Beatitudes (St. 
Mutt. v. 3-12) appeared in the enlarged cd. of 
his Hymns & S. Songs, 1709, Bk, i., No, 102, 
in 8 st. of 4 1. It held a prominent position 
in the older collections, but of late it has 
fallen very much out of favour. As " Bless'il 
are," " Blessed are," or " Blest are," it is stijl 
found in a few collections both in G-. Bri- 
tain and America. 

Bless'd are the pure in heart. J. 

Kelfa. [Purificiition.} This poem, in 17 st 
of 4 1., isdated " Oct. 10, 1819." It was 1st pub. 
in his Christian Year, 1827. As a whole it is 
not in C. U. The following centos; some of 
which are found in numerous collections, have 
been compiled therefrom : — 

1, In J. ffiekerstetlTs Ps. A Hyi., 1832, No. 44», we 
have st. \. and xvll. This was repented In Elliotts Ps. 
it Uijs., 183S, No. 2SS, as " Blest are the pure," to. Al- 
though It has fallen out of use In G. Britain, it is still 
given in a few American collections, aa the Amer. Meth. 
Epis. tfymnt, 13«; The JSeatig. Hymnal. N. Y., I860. 

2. In his nitre H. £fc.,18Sfl, W. J. Hall pub. u cento, 
as No. 24$, which was composed of two stanzas from this 
poem, And two that were new. By whom this cento -was 
arranged, toy Hall, or bis collaborator, E. Osier, is not 
known, as the it. mss. simply hay " Keble." As this Is 
the most popular cento, and lis whole contents are 
usually attributed to Keble, we give the full text, with 
the alterations and Additions tn the Mitre in Italics ;—* 

" Klet t arc tbo pure in 
For they shall sec their 
The secret of the Lord is 
theirs ; 
Tbelr soul hi Christ's 

Still to the lowly soul 

He doth Himself Impart, 
And for His dwelling, auit 
His throne, 
Choosetb the pure in 

lord, me TOy jMttsncs leefc ; 
Ours may this blessing 
give the pure and lowly 
A tet&plt meet/or TTl&s." 

TTte Lord, who left the sky, 

(Mr life o*ni peace to 
And dwelt in lotblinest to ith 

Tlttir pattern, and their 

Iu Murray's tlwnnal, 1S52, No. 322, this cento wa» 
repeated with slight alterations, and the addition of a 
doxology. This text, sometimes with, andagain without 
a dojcology, has been adopted by most of the Leading 
hymnals in Q. Britain, and a few In America, Including 
S. A. A M. i the JJymnary; C&urcA Ifymnt; the H. 
Qnttp. ; Thring i the Bap. Hymnal ; the American 
Sabbath If. M., N. Y„ 185S, and others. In a note 
to tills cento, No. 141, in the 1st ed. of H. A. .t M., Mr. 
Biggs, In his Annotated II. A. *6 H., quotes these words 
from Keble: "Hymn No. 141 id materially altered ; not, 
however, without asking the writer's leave, Kev. J. 
'Keble." Whether this leave was given to Halt, in the 
first instance, in lass, or to Mr. Murray on adopting 
Hall's text in 1852, cannot now be determined. 

3. Iu several American collections. Hall's cento is 
repeated with the omission of st. Ii. These Include 
Songs for the Sanctuary, N. T., 1SS5. 

4. In the Rys.for C&ri£jiafl&ojoru,Gainal>m'gb,2nd 
ed., 1354, the cento is, st, (.-iv, are Rente's st. i., xii., 
xiv. and xvll. very much altered, and v. Hall, st* Iv. 

G. In Alford's rear of Praise, 1867, No. 251, the 
cento is Keble, st. i., it,, iii,, xv,, and xvil. 

a. In Richal&on's Appendix Jlpmnal, 186G, st. ir., 
vffi,-x, are given as No. 19, beginning, "Give car, ye 
kings, bow down." 

In addition to these, other arrangements are 
sometimes found, but nre not of sufficient 
importance to bo enumerated. [J. J,] 

Bless'd be the everlasting God. J. 
Watts. [Easier.'] 1st pub. in h<s Hymns, 4c, 
1707, Blr. i., No. 26, in 5 st. of 4 1., and 
entitled " Hope of Heaven by (he Resurroction 
of Christ." Its use sometimes as " Blessed,'* 
and again as " Blest," 4c, is not extensive. 
Orig. text in Spurgcon'a 0. 0. H. Bit., No. 841. 

In the Draft Scottish Trans. <fc Paraphs., 
1745, it is given as No. si. in an unaltered 
form. In the authorized issue of the Traits., 
4c., in 1781, No. lxi. st, iii. was omitted, the 
third stanm in this arrangement being altered 
from the original, which reads iu Watts : — 


'Tlsuncorrupfced, undenl'd, 
And cannot fade away." 

" Them's 

ReservM Against that 


The recast test of 1731, which has been in 
use in the Church of Scotland for 100 years, 
is claimed by W. Cnrasron (tj. v.), in his list 
of authors and revisers of that issue, na liis 
own. Full text in modern copies of (he 
Scottish Psalms, 4c. [J. J.] 

Bless'd morning t whose young, 
dawning rays. /. Watts. [Sunday — 
Easter.'] Appeared in his Hymns, &c, 1707 
(1709, Bk. ii., No. 7^), in 5 id. of 4 1„ and 
entitled, "The Lord's Day: or, The Resur- 
rection of Christ" The arrangements of this 
hymn in C. U. are :— 

(1.) The original. Very limited. 

(;>.) "Blessed morning," Jfcc., as in Dr. Hatfield's 
Amer. @hurch H. ftk., N. Y., 1S73, witli the change In 
st. 1., 1, 4, of "last abode," to " dark abode." 

(3,) " Ble?t morning," ftc. This opening, sometimes 
followed by two or three slight alterations and the 
omission of nt. v., is the xnoxt popular fjrm of the tejsl 
both In tJ. Hrltain and AniTtca. 


(*.) " Blest morning," fcc., in the ify»»arjr, 18J2, 
No. 13. This 1b very considerably altered. 

In addition to these, in 1781, this hymn 
was added with alterations, as " Hymn IV.," 
to tbe Scottish Trout. & Paraphs. It opens 
"Blest morabg] Whose first dawning rays." 
The author of this recast w unknown. 

Bless'd with the presence of their 
God. T. CotteriU. [Holy Gomiaunioa.'] 1st 
pub. in the Vttoxeler Bd. 1805, No. 81, in 6 
at. of 4 1,, and headed " For the Sacrament." 
It was repeated in Cotteriil's Set. 1810, No. 
43, and continued in subsequent editions till 
the 9th, 1820, when it wns omitted. St. iv., 
"The viio, tlio lost, Ho calls to fheni." is 
st. iii. at W. Cowper'a hymn : "This is tho 
feast of heavenly wine," from the Olney 
fl^mns, 1779, Bk. ii., No. 53. The use of 
this hymn is not extensive, although found 
in a few modern collections. It is curious 
that CotteriU gives it as " Blest with," &c, in 
his index, hut "Blm'd with," &c, in the 
body of the book. A cento from this hymn 
beginning, "In memory of tho Saviour's 
love," appeared in R. Wiiittingham's CoU., 
1st ed., Potton. 1835; from thence it passed 
into liord Selborne's Bk. of Praise, 1862, 
Stevenson's Hys. for Ch. & Home, 1873, and 
others. It is composed of st. iii., v., and vi. of 
the above very sliglitly altered. 

Blessed are the sons of God, J. 
Humphreys. [Christian Privileges.! This is 
the first of six hymns added by J. Cennick to 
Pt. ii. of his Soared Hymns for the Use of 
Religious Soeielie*, Bristol, F. Farley, 1743, 
No. 72, p. 95. It is in 8 st. of 4 1., and is 
headed, " The Priviledgts of God's Children." 
Concerning these six hymns J. Cennick says, 
" These were done by Mr. Joseph Humphreys," 
In Whitefield's Coll, 1753, it was given as 
No. 14 in that part of the collection devoted 
to " Hymns tor Society, and Persons meeting 
in Christian- Fellowship." As shortly after 
this date it fell out of use in its original form, 
and the text is somewhat difficult to find, we 
give tbe same in full : — 

" Blessed are tbe Sot* of 

They are bought 'with 

Christ's own Blood, 
They are ransomed from 

the Grave, 
Ufe eternal they shall 

■ God did love them In his 

Long before the World 

They the seal of this 

When on Jesus Uiey 



"They Me justified 


They enjoy a solid Peace ; 
All their Sins are wash'd 

They shall stand in God's 

great Diy. 

** They produce the Fruits 
of Grace, 
In the Works of Jtight- 

They »re harmless, meek, 

and mild, 
Holy, humble, undeiU'd. 

The Rev. It. Couycm pub. in his Coll. 

' They are Liglita upon the 

Children of a hcav'nry 

Bom of God, they hate all 

God's pure Seed remains 

* They have Fellowship 

with God, 
Thro' the Mediator's 

One with God, with Jesus 

Glory Is in them begun. 

' Tbo' they suffer much on 

Strangers quite to this 

World's filrtb, 
Yet they have an inward 

Pleasure which can never 

: 'Thoy alone are truly blest. 
Heirs of God, Joint Heirs 

with Christ; 
With them munber'd may 

I -be. 
Here and In Eternity 


of Ps. cfc Hys,, 1st cd., 17157, as No. 84, 
the above hymn in a new form. Dealing with 
the hymn as an unbroken poem of 32 lines, 
ho took the first 6 lines, added tiiereto the 
last lines of the hymn as altered by Whitcfield 
("With them," &c) its a retrain, and con- 
stituted them as st i. ; the next 6 lines, with 
the same refrain ns st.iL, nnd soon to the end, 
thus producing a hymn of 5 st. of 8 L Top- 
lady, in his Ps, * Hys., 177G, No. 116, adopted 
Conyers's idea of using the last two lines of 
tbe iiymu ns a refrain, by adding them to 
Humphreys's st. i.-iv., vi., and v., in tho order 
named, and thereby producing a hymn of C st 
of 6 1. It U to this arrangement of the text 
that moat modern editors both in G. Britain 
and America are indebted for their centos. 
Portions of tbe hymn in centos of varying 
lengths, are in extensive use. [J. J.] 

Blessed are they whose hearts ore 
pure. H. Alford. [St. Hartliolomem.] In 
Alforrt's Poems, 1668, this hymn is dated 1844. 
It is not in his Ps. & Hymns of that year. It 
is found in T. M. Fallow's Set, 1847. In 1852 
it was repeated in The English Hymnal, in 
1867 in Alfbrd's Year of Praise, and again in 
other collections. Iu the Cooke and Denton 
Hymnal, 1853, it appears in the Index as 
" Blessed," &c, ; but in the body of the book, 
No. 175, it begins, " How bless'd are they," &c. 
In some hymnals, both in G. Britain and 
America, it is attributed to "J. Conder." 

[W. T. B.] 

Blessed be Thy Name. J. Montgomery, 
[Journeying.] la the h m. mss," this hymn 
is dated " January 13tli, 1835," and is there 
stated to have been sont in us. to several 
persons at different dates. In 1853 it was 
given in Montgomery's Original Hymns, 
No. 194, in 5 st. of G 1. and headed, " Prayers 
on Pilgrimage. — 'Lnrd, help me.' Matt, it, 
25." Adopted by Eeveral collections. 

Blessed night, when first that plain. 
H. Bonar. [Christina*.] Pnb. in his Hys. of 
Faith & Hope, 1st series, 1857, in 34 st. of 3 1., 
and headed, " The Shepherds' Plain." In the 
Irish Chureh Hymnal, 1873, two centos are 
given from this poem, (1) "Blessed night, 
when first that plain," and (2) " Mighty King 
of Righteousness * ; and in Mrs. Brock's Chu- 
dren't H. Bk., 1881, No. 72, a cento is given 
as "Blessed night, when, Bethlehem's plain," 
with " Alleluia " as a refrain. No. 73, in the 
same Coll., and in the same metre, "Hark, what 
music flllsthe sky,"isattributed to Di Bonar 
in. error. It forms a good companion hymn 
to « Blessed night, when first that plain. 

Blessed Redeemer, how divine. X. 

Watts. [THeine Equity.'} A hymn on his 
sermon on St. Mtitt. vii. 12. It was pnb. in 
an ed. after 1 723, of his Sermons on Various 
Saineet*. &o., 1721-3, in 6 st. of 4 ]., and headed 
" The Universal law of Equity." In the older 
collections it is fnquenlly found, especially 
tbe American, but in modern hymn-books it 
is Eeldom given, and then in an altered and 
abridged form. 

Blessed Saviour, who hast taught 
me. /. M. Neale. [Confiitaation.'] Appeared 
in his Hymns for the Yowtg, 1842 (new ed., 
1860), in 6 st, of 8 1. la this form it is. 


seldom if ever used. An abbreviated and 
nltered text, as "Holy Father, Thou hast 
taught me," is found in eomo collections foi 
children. It is compiled from st. i., iv., and 
v. and vi. 

Blessing, honour, thanks, and 
praise. C. Wesley. [Burial."] 1st pub. in 
Hymns and Sacred Poems, 1712, in 5 st. of 8 1., 
as one of a number of ''Fuucml Hymns." Iu 
1780 it was embodied in tho Wei. H. Bk., No. 
19, from whence it lias passed into numerous 
collections in G.Britain and America. Orig, 
telt in the We*. H. Bk., 1875, No. 50 T and i» 
P. Works, 1868-72, vol. ii. p. 188. Iu tho 
Hymnary, 1372, a cento, with the same first 
line, was given as No. 508, in 1 fit. and was 
repeated in the 8. P. C K. Church Hymns, 
1871. It is thus composed : st. i., ii. from the 
above, slightly altered ; st. iii., iv. from the 
hymn, "Hark! a voicedividesthesky,'' which 
follows tho above, in tho Hymn* and Sacred 
Poem*, 1742, the We*. Jl. Bk., nud in tho P. 
Works, vol. ii. p. ISO. These stanzas ore also 
altered from the original. 

Blest are the souls that ['who] hear 
and know. X. Watts. [Pt. Ixxxix,] Pt. 
jii. of his c. m. rendering of Ps. 89, in 3 st. of 
4 1., which appeared iu his Psalm* of David, 
&c, 1719, with the heading "The Blessed 
Gospel." WUiteficld included it in his Coll. in 
1753, No. 72; and Toplady in bis Ps. & Hy»., 
177C, No. 32, It thus came into general use, 
and is still found in numerous collections in 
G. Britain and America. 

Bleat be the dear uniting love, C. 

Wesley. [Parting.] Pub. in Hys. <t Sae. 
I'aeMt, 1742, p. 15U, in 8 st. of 4 1., and again 
V. Works, 1868-72, vol. ii, p. 221. It was 
given in the Wet. H. Bk., 1780, No. 520, with 
alterations, and the omission of st. v. and vi. 
This form of the hymn is in the revised ed., 
1875, No. 534, and in most collections of the 
Methodist body. From Whitetield's Coll., 
1753, to the present it has also been io use 
amongst various denominations in one form 
or another, ranging from S stanzas in White- 
field to 3 stanzas as in several American col- 
lections. Tliis hymn has been ascribed to 
J. Oennick in error. 

Blest be the Lord, our Strength and 
Shield Anne Steele. [P*. exits.] Given 
in her Poem*, &c, 1760, vol. ii. p. 210, in 
11 st. of 4 L (2nd ed., 1780), and in D. Sedg- 
wick's ed. of her Hymns. 1859, p, 200. In 
1836 a cento therefrom, based on st i,, x., 
xiii., and siv. (very much altered), was in- 
cluded iu Hall's Mitre H. Bk. The same 
cento is given in the Islington Ft. <fe Hyt. 
with the omission of st iii. as in the Mitre. 

Blest be [is) the tie that binds. J.Fau- 
cett. (Brotherly Love.] Miller, in his Singers 
and Song* of the Church, 1869, p. 273, says : — 

Jl This favourite hymn is said to have been written in 
U72, to commemorate the determination of Its author 
to remain with bis attached people at Walnggate. The 
farewell sermon was preached, the waggons vrtre loaded, 
when love and tears prevailed, and Dr. Fawcett sacri- 
ficed the attractions of a London pulpit to the affection 
of bia poor but devoted flock." 

Three sources of information on tho matter 
are, however, silent on the subject— his Life 
and Letters, 1818 ; his Mtie, Writings, 1826 ; 


and his Funeral Sermon. Failing direct evi- 
dence, the most that can be said is that internal 
evidence in the hymn itself lends countenance 
to the statement that it was composed under 
the circumstances given above. lis certain 
history begins with its publication in Faw- 
cett's Hymns, &c, 1782, No. 104, where it is 
given in 6 st. of i 1. From an early date it 
has been in C. U., especially with the Non- 
conformists, and at the present time it is found 
in a greater number of collections in G. Bri- 
laiti and America than almost any other hymn 
by Fawcett. It is usually given as " Blest is 
the tic," &c, and in an abridged form. Orig. 
text in Spurgeon's O. O. H. Bk., 1806, No. 
8U2, and Song* for the Sanctuary, N. Y,, 1865, 
No. 817. [J. JJ 

Blest day of God, most calm, most 
bright. J. Mason. [Sunday.] 1st pub. in 
his Songt of Praise, 1683, as the second of two 
hymns entitled "A Song of Praise for tho 
Lord's Day, ,r in 6 st. of 8 I. and 1 at. of 4 1. 
Early in the present century centos from this 
"Song"of various lengths began to be intro- 
duced into the hymn-bcoka of the Chuioh of 
England, and later, into Nonconformists' 
hymnals also; but in scarcely a Binglu in- 
stance do we find tho came arrangement iu 
any three collections. In modtrn hymn-books 
both in G. Britain and America, the same 
diversity prevails, no editor having yet suc- 
ceeded in compiling a cento which others 
could approve and adopt. No collection can 
be trusted either for text or original sequence 
of lines. The full orig. text, however, is 
easily attainable in Sedgwick's repriut of tho 
8. of Praise, 1859. The opening lino some- 
times reads : — " Blest day of Goil, how calm, 
how bright," as in Mrs, Brock's Children's 
H. Bk., 1881, No. 40, but the use of this form 
of the text is limited. Taking the centos 
together, their use is extensive. [J. J.] 

Blest hour when mortal man retires. 

T. Baffles. [Hour of Prayer.] Printed in 
the Amulet for 1S29, pp. 304-5, in C st. of i 1. 
One of the first to adapt it to congregational 
nse WHBthe Rev. J. Bickersteth, whoinoluded 
4 stanzas in his Pt. and Hyt., 1832, as No. 242, 
Its modern use in any form in G. Britain 
is almoBt unknown, but in America it is one 
of the most popular of Dr. Bnffies's hymns, 
and is given in many of the leading collec- 
tions. Tho full text is No. 883 in Dr. Hat- 
field's Church H. Bk., N. Y„ 1872. Dr. Hat- 
fiuld dates the hymn 1828, probably because 
contributions to the Amulet of 1829 wouid 
be sent to the editor ia 1828. 

Blest is the faith, divine and strong. 
F. W. Fahcr. [The Christian Life.] Ap- 
peared in his Oratory Hymn*, 1854, in 6 st. of 
4 ]., and the chorus, "O Sion's songs ore sweet 
tosing." In the 1855 ed. of the Oooke& Den- 
ton Hymnal, it was given with alterations to 
adapt it for use in tho Church of England. 
In this form it is in a limited number of 
collections, the original being retained in the 
Eoman Catholic hymnals. 

Blest Is the man, for ever bless'd. I. 

Watt*. [P*. aa«wi.l His l. m. rendering of 
Ps. xxxii., pub. in his Psalms of David, Ac., 
1719, in 4 st. of 4 ]. Dr. Walls's note there- 


WMn explains the liberty taken with the 
realm as follows; — 

" These two first verges of this Psalm being cite* by 
the Apostle in the 4th chapter of ltomans, to shew the 
freedom of out pardon and jnstiflcntlon by grace if Ithout 
works, I have, hi this version of it, enlarged the sense, 
by mention of the Mood of Christ, and faith and Kepen- 
tunca ; and because the Psalmist adds. A tpirit in wliicK 
u no guile, I have Inserted that sincere obedience, which 
is scriptural evidence of our faith and Justification," 

As a hymn in C. U. in G. Britain it has 
almost died out ; but in America it still sur- 
vives in a few collections. 

Blest is the man, supremely bleat. 
0. Wedey. [P», xxzii.] 1st pub. in the 
Wesley Psalms & Hymns, 1713, as a version 
of Pa. xsxii. in 9 at. of 8 1. In 1875 it was 
rearranged and included m the revised ed. of 
the Wee. H. Bk. as hymn 5(51 in two parts, 
Ft. ii. being, "Thou art my hiding place. In 
Thee" (P. Works, 1868-72, vol. viii. p. 6S). 

Blest is the man who feels. W. H. 
Bathwst. [Ps. xciv.'] Appeared in his P$. 
and Hys., 1831, in 4st.of 61., and begins with 
the 12th verse of the Psalm. By whom the 
effort was wade to add thereto the former part 
of the Psalm, we cannot say ; but the result 
is the following paraplirase : — "0 Lord, with 
vongcanoe dart, found in the Wet. II. Bk., 
1875,No. 602, in which st.i. is almost entirely 
new, and the rest is from this hymn. 

Bleat is the man whose bowels 
move. I. Watt*. [Ps. *K.] This l. m. 
version of Pa. xlii., st, 1-3, whii'h was pub, in 
his Psalms of David, &e., 1719, in 4 st. of i 1., 
appears in some collections as " Blest is tbe 
man whose mercies more;" and in others, 
*' Blest is the man whose heart doth move," 
the object being to get rid of the, to some, 
objectionable expression in the first line. 
These changes are adopted bulb, in G. Britain 
and in America. 

Blest is the man whose heart ex- 
pands. J. Straphau. [For Sunday Schools.] 
1st pub. in Rippon's SeL, 1787, Nn. 523, in 
6 st. of 1 1. The form in which it usually 
appears in 4 stanzas was included by Cutterill 
in his Sei., 1810, No. 218, where it is appointed 
to be sung "At a Sermon for Charity Schools." 
A cento from this hymn, "Blest work, tlio 
youthful mind to win," is composed of st. v., 
iv., ill, and vi. considerably altered. It is 
found in this form in Baldwin's I'restan Sel. 
of Ps. £ Bys., 1831, No. 21, and l>as been 
frequently repeated in later collections. A 
second cento, Beginning with an alteration of 
st iii., as *'Blest is tho work in wisdom's 
ways," has also come into use. In these 
varyiug forms this hymn, has attained to an 
extensive circulation. 

Blest Jesus, Source of grace divine. 
P. Doddridge. [The Water of £>/e.] This 
hymn is No. 88 in tho d. wss., where it u un- 
dated. In J. Orton'soJ. of Doddridge's (post- 
humous) Hymn*, So., 1755, No. 221, it is given 
in 4 st. of 4 ]., wiLh a text slightly differing 
from the d. lies. It ia also in J. D. Hum- 
phreys's ed. of the same, 1830. Its most 
popular form is that given to it early in the 
century in some American Unitarian collec- 
tions : — " Blest Spirit, Sourceof gi-aac divine." 
In this form it is in the Unitarian Hij. [and 
2'.] 13k,, Boston, 1SG8, and other hymnals. 

BLEW, W. J. 


Blest Saviour, when the fearful 
Btorma, [tienf] This appeiir. d under the 
signature of "M. H. W., in Emma Parrs 

Thoughts of Peace, Lond., 183D, in 3 st of 
8 1. In 1863 it was included in Kennedy, 
as No. 427, in tho slightly altered form of 
" Savionr, when the fearful storms." 

Blest season 'when our risen Lord. 

[Whitsuntide.] Tliis bymn is No. 59 of J. II, 
Stewart's Sel.afP*. & Hys. for the Use of Percy 
Chapd, Lo'd., 1818, in 5 at. of 4 )., where it 
is appointed for Mondny in Whitaun-wcek. 
In common with all the hymns in tbe collec- 
tion it is unsigned. In 1829 Josiah Pratt in- 
cluded st i, ii., and iv., u^th slight alterations, 
in his Pe. and Hys., No. 66. This was re- 
peated in some American collections, and is 
known to modern hymnals as '■ Blest day when 
our ascended Lord," as in J lie Song* for Gie 
Sanctuary,TS.Y., 1865, No. 412. [W. T. B.] 

Blest truth, my soul and Christ are 
one. J. Irons. [Final Perseverance.] 1st 
pnb. in the 3rd ed. of bis Zion's Hymns, 1825, 
p. 173, in 5 st. of 4 1. In Ibo Liter editions of 
that work he attertd the opening lino to : — 
" Blest truth, the Church ami Christ arc one." 
In this form, with slight alterations it is 
given in Snopp's S. of G. <fe , 1872, No 
419, anil one or two collections besides. 

Blest voice of love! O Word Divine. 

W. J. Irons. [Confirmation.'] Written at 
Brompton on the occasion nf the confirmation 
of one of the writer's children, and pub. in 
Hymns for the Christian Seasons, Gninsburgh, 
1st ed., 1854, No. 184, in 4 st. of G I. In 
1861 it was also uiven in Dr. Irons's Jpp. 
to the Brompton Metrical Fealter ; his Hymns, 
1866 ; and in a revised form in his Ps. A Hys. 
1873. In Thrings Coll., 1882, the revisid 
text of 1873 is adopted. 

Blew, William John, ji.a., s. of William 
Blew, b. April 13, 1808, and educated at 
Great Ealing Sv.-l.ool, and Wodham Coll., 
Oxford, where ho graduated d.a. in 1RM0, 
and m.a., 1832. On taking Holy Orders, Mr. 
Blew was Curate of Nuthurst and Cocking, 
and St. Anne's, Westminster, nnd fur a time 
Incumbent of St. John's next Giavcscnd. 
Besides trs. from Homer (ilt'atf, bks. i.,ii., o;c.) 
and J3.ichyliis (A<]nmemnoii the King), and 
works on tlio Bnol; of Common Prayer, in- 
cluding a paraphrase on a tr. of the same in 
Latin, he edited the Brevtarium Aberdoaense, 
18S4; and pub. a pamphlet on Hymn* and 
Hymn Books, 1858 ; and (with Dr. H. J. Gmint- 
lett) 'Hie Church Hymn and Tune Book, 1852, 
2nd ed., 1855. The hymns in this last work 
are chiefly translations by Mr. Blew of Ijatin 
hymns. They were written from 1843 to 1852, 
and printed _pn fly-sheets for the use of his 
congregation." Many of th< eo tr*. have come 
into C. U. Tlie fol lo w ing origina I hymns were 
also contributed by him to the same work : — 

1. Christ in tbe Fnthort glory bright. JflWTiiaji. 

1. God's ark is In the field. Evening, The second 
stanza of this hymn is from Rp. Covins Hour*, In his 
Colt, af i^-U-aU Devotions, 16£T, 

3. liajk, through the de^y morning. Mumittg. 

■1. lAtrd of the golden day. Evening. 

G. Loid, Thy wing outspread, whittwntute. 

G. Tliou, Who on Thy sainted quire. Whitstmtitte* 

h. Sleeper, awake, arise. Spiphany. 

a, Sweet Diibc, that wrapt lu twlliejit. ^pjany, 



8. Ye crowned kings, approach ye. Epiphany, This 
li written to the tune, - Adeste Alleles, and might 
easily be mistaken as a tree fr. of the " Adeste." 

Mr. B le w has also tran stated The Altar Service 
of tfcs Church of England, in the year 1548, into 
English. His tr*. are terse, vigorous, musical, 
and of great merit. They have been strangely 
overlooked by the compilers of recent hymn- 
books. Ho d. Deo. 27, 1894 [J. J.] 

Blick aus diesem Erdenthftle. Albert 
Knapp. [jCaeansfcm.] Written 1851, and 
included in Ms Herbttbl&tken, Stuttgart, 1859, 
p. 152, in 8 st. of 81., repeated it) his Ev. L. 
S; 1865, No. S57. It 'has been tr. as ;— 

looking from (his vala of sadness. A good 
but free tr, by Miss Burlingham in the British 
Herald, Sept. 1865, p. 142, and repeated, as No. 
377, in Reid's Praise Bk., 1872. Stnnina vii., 
viii., beginning " Prince of Peace 1 hour rich our 
treasure !" alto form No. 303 in the Kng. Presb. 
Pt. $ Hys. t 1867. [J. M.] 

Bliss, Philip, b. at Clearfield County, 
Pennsylvania, July 9, 1838, In 1864 he went 
to Chicago in tlio employ of Dr. George F. 
Boot, tlie musician, where ho was engaged in 
conducting musical Institutes, and in compos- 
ing Sunday Soliool melodies. Originally a 
Methodist be became, iibout 1871, a ohoinnan 
of the First Congregational Church, Chicago, 
and the Superintendent of its Sunday Schools, 
In 1874 he joined D. W. Whittle in evangelical 
work. To this cause fie gave (although a 
poor man) the royalty of his Gospel Songs, 
which was worth some thirty thousand dollars. 
His death was sudden. It occurred in the 
railway disaster at Ashtabula, Oliio, Dec, 30, 
1876. He had escaped from the car, but lost 
his life in trying to save his wife. His 
hymns are numerous. Some of his verses have 
obtained wide popularity in most English- 
speaking countries. The more widely known, 
and specially those which are found in collec- 
tions in use in tt. Britain, are in the follow- 
ing American works : — 

i. Tlte Prize, 1876, 

1, IsaouUHibie'todle. Dtath anticipattd. Thlsis 
one of his earliest compositions, and is unworthy of the 
position it holds. 

3, Through the valley of the shadow I must ga, 
Death anticipated. 

3. Whosoever heareth, shout, shout the sound. 
Jetus tlte Way. Vfrtlt'-Ai during the winter of 1SG9-70 
after hearing Mr. Ii. Mourhouse (from KugUuid) preach 
otiSt. John iii. 1(J. 

ii. The Charm, 1871. 

4. Alnkoetpersuadeinowtooelieve. Procrattina. 
tien. This was suggested by the following passage inn 
sprmon by the 1W. Mr, Brunilsge, Bliss Wing present at 
its delivery :— M He who is almost prrsuadiHl in almost 
saved, but to be upmost saved Is to be entirely lost." 

0, Ho 1 myeomrades! sea the eignsl. fuitAfalness. 

6. J Jerusalem, the golden eity, bright, *o. 

7. On what Toundation da [did] you build 1 
Christ the Foundation, 

iii, Tius Sony Tree, 1872. 
6. Xight in the darkness, sailor, day is at hand. 
Safely. This hymn, " The Life-Boat," his attained to 
great po|iularity. The incident upon which it is based, 
that of the rescue of a fillip's crew by a life-boat, is 
given in detail by Mr. Saokey In his Sacred Songs, fcc, 
No. 99 fLirgc ed.). It is sometimes known hy its re- 
frain, " Pull for the show," &c. 

iv. The Joy, 1873. 
S, In me ye may have peace. Peace. 
10, To die it gain. Deatk anticipated. 


v. Sunshine, 1873. 
11. Down lifa'a dark vale we wander, Death anti- 

11, More holiness give me, For Holiness, 

15, Only as amunur-bearer, Soldiers of the Croa. 
It. Standing by * purpose true, faitkfiitneu. 
IE, Tbla loving Saviour standt patiently. Imi- 

vi. G'.-spd Songs, 1874, 

16, A long time I wandered. Peat* and Joy. 

17, Brightly beams our Father's moroy, Mercy. 
IB. Come, brethren, a* we maron along. Prats*. 
19. Vtte from the law, happy condition. 


SO, Have yon on the Lord lettered f Fulness of 
Grace, This hymn arose out of the following circum- 
stances j— " A vast fortune was left In the hands of a 
minister for one of his poor parishloueis. Fearing tbnt 
it might be squandered If suddenly bestowed upon bun, 
the wise minister sent him a little at a time, with a 
note saying, 'This is thine; use it wisely; tiers it 
mare to fouim.' Hence also the retrain ■ More to fol- 
low,' by which the hymn is known." 

81, Hew muoh owest thou 1 Divine Claims. 

». I know not the hour when my Lord will eome. 
Death anticipate*. Suggested by reading the boolt, 
TOe Gates Ajar. 

S3, Set the gentle Shepherd atanding. The Good 

Si. Though the way 1* sometimes dreary, Bisint 

35, Will youmeet meatthomuntninl fountain 
of Living Water, The incident out of which this hymn 
arose !s thus stated in Tie Christian, Ho. 305, "At the 
Industrial Exposition at Chicago It was an every-doy 
appointment to meet at tbe Central Fountain, Mr, P. P, 
HUbs, whose mind seemed always set on things above, 
caught up the words, and wrote thie hymn, * Meet tne at 
the Fountain.'" 

vii. Gospel Hjfnins, No. 1, 1875. 

18, One offer of salvation. Jfte Ifame of Jans 
VI. Wandering a&r from tne dwelling! of man, 


viii. The International Lesson* Monthly, 1875. 
IS. Weary g leaner, whenos eoaeit thou 1 Duty. 
88, The whole werld waa lost in the darlwea* of 
Sin. iijrftt of tie IrorM. 

30. Kan of sorrows 1 what a name. Redemption. 

31. The Spirit, O sinner, In mercy doth move. 
Holy Spirit. 

ii. Gospel Bymns, No. 2, 1876. 
it. At the feet of Jesus. The good choice. 

33. dome, sing the Oeapet's joyful sound. 

34. Out it down, out it down. JttiticeandXercy. 
Sfi. Bo you see the Hebrew eaptivs T I'rayer, 

36, Halldnjah, He is risen. Salter. Written In 
tbe spring of lltf&and first sung by Bliss on Easter after- 
noon, lv?6,in the Court House Square, Augusta, Georgia, 
to S9uo people. 

37, In Zion T i rook abiding, Safety, 

38, Repeat the atory o'er and o'er. Grace tiwd 

SS. Tenderly the Shepherd, The Coad sheplierd. 

i. Gospel Hymns, Ko. 3, 1878. 

40. Hear ye the glad goad news from heaven, 

Faith and Salvation. 

41. I will sing of my Bedeemer, Praise, 

li. Gospel Hymns, No. 4, 1881. 
41. 'Tie known on earth and heaven too. j<ore 
o5ou£ At us. 

iii. Various. 

43. Sing over again to me, Words of Life. 
This appeared in a paper entitled Words of Life, 1874, 
The following are undated ; — ■ 

44. March to the battle-fleld. Duty and Victory. 

45. Then is sin in the camp. Hinderances, 
40, 'Xia idle promise of dod. Praise. 

BLOMl-'lKLD, C. J. 

*7. While th* titrtij maon-bejmt. fill. A'etn 

48. Ood ia alwaya n«u me, OmntyrtKBM